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ÜBER GEORGIEN-NACHRICHTEN.COM - ABOUT GEORGIEN-NACHRICHTEN.COM
Infos für an Georgien Interessierte weltweit - Infos for people worldwide interested in Georgia;
derzeit meistens auf Platz 2 in der Google-Suche "Georgien Nachrichten", nach der Seite .de

UKRAINE-GEORGIEN-RUSSLAND - ZUR ERINNERUNG
Zitat aus v.g.IQuelle:"... keine Verlängerung der Nutzungsverträge über den Termin hinaus laut der ukrainischen Regierungschefin Timoschenko ... «Das Abkommen muss bis 2017 eingehalten werden, weil es von beiden Seiten unterzeichnet wurde», sagte Julia Timoschenko vor Journalisten in Kiew. «Anschliessend muss die Ukraine ein Gebiet ohne Militärstützpunkte werden.» ..."
Schwarzmeerflottede.wikipedia.org, Stand 20.08.2016
Zitat aus v.g.IQuelle:"... Am 31. Mai 1997 unterzeichneten die Präsidenten Russlands und der Ukraine, Boris Jelzin und Leonid Kutschma, in Kiew erneut ein dreiteiliges Abkommen über den Status der Flotte. Russland pachtete die Militäranlagen in Sewastopol für die nächsten 20 Jahre und nutzte die Häfen in Sewastopol und der Karantinnaja-Bucht sowie die Einrichtungen in Streletskaja gemeinsam mit der ukrainischen Marine. ..."
Sewastopol - Seehafen auf der Krim  - de.wikipedia.org, Stand 20.08.2016
Zitat aus v.g.IQuelle:"... Sewastopol von griechisch Σεβαστούπολις Sewastúpolis ... Seit dem 21. März 2014, nach der Annexion von Teilen des Territoriums der Ukraine (Autonome Republik Krim und die Stadt Sewastopol) durch Russland, sehen Russland und die Sezessionsregierung von Sewastopol die Stadt als Föderationssubjekt und damit Teil Russlands an (siehe Krimkrise und Republik Krim). Dies ist international durch die Resolution 68/262 der UN-Generalversammlung («Territoriale Integrität der Ukraine») nicht anerkannt. Die Ukraine sieht die Gebiete (u. a. die Stadt Sewastopol) als vorübergehend besetzte Gebiete des Territoriums der Ukraine an. ..."
Resolution 68/262 der UN-Generalversammlung - de.wikipedia.org, Stand 20.08.2016
Zitat aus v.g.IQuelle:"... wurde am 27. März 2014 als Ergebnis der offenen Abstimmung am 80. Plenarsitzung der 68. Tagung der UN-Generalversammlung verabschiedet. ... Die Resolution wurde von 100 Mitgliedsstaaten der Vereinten Nationen unterstützt. Elf Länder dagegen: Armenien, Belarus, Bolivien, Kuba, Nordkorea, Nicaragua, Russland, Sudan, Syrien, Venezuela und Simbabwe; 58 Enthaltungen; weitere 24 Staaten abwesend. ... Die Resolution wurde von Kanada, Costa Rica, Deutschland, Litauen, Polen und der Ukraine eingeleitet. Vorher Lösungsversuche im Sicherheitsrat der UN: gescheitert am Veto Russlands. ..."

VISA-FREIHEIT FÜR GEORGIEN AUFGESCHOBEN WEGEN TÜRKEI / KOSOVO UND NEUER "NOTBREMSE-KLAUSEL"
Trotzdem ist nicht ausgeschlossen, dass den Georgiern die Einreise ohne Visum in die EU bis zum Herbst gewährt wird ...
Visa Liberalization to Georgia - by David Kldiashvili Kutaisi, Georgien
Georgian people  highly relies on the decision of the Council of the European Union, scheduled for June 10, 2016 in Luxemburg, where the ministers of Justice and Home Affairs of the EU member states will make a decision on visa liberalization regime for Georgia.
Visa liberalization will enable Georgian citizens to travel freely in the Schengen area countries and will promote people to people contacts and bring Georgian citizens ever closer to the European values. Moreover, the decision is crucial shortly before the parliamentary election in Georgia to be held on October 8, 2016. The positive decision, on visa liberalization will strengthen Georgia’s commitment to European choice and will demonstrate to the citizens of Georgia tangible benefits of this choice.
According to the European Commission, Georgia has fully complied with the commitments of the Visa Liberalization Action Plan. Therefore, we call on the Ministers of Justice and Home Affairs of the EU member states:
-    To take into account the Fourth Progress Report prepared by European Commission, dated December 18, 2015, and its recommendations on the abolition of short-term visas for Georgia.
-    Not to delay a decision on lifting the visa requirements to the next meeting.
-    To discuss the case of Georgia based on an individualized approach, taking into account Georgia's fulfillment of the visa liberalization requirements and commitments, Georgia's forthcoming parliamentary elections and the effect of growing Russian “soft power” pressure on Georgia's European choice.
-    To conduct its decision-making process according to the requirements and methodology defined by the Visa Liberalization Action Plan.
Berlin - Bundesinnenminister Thomas de Maizière (CDU) ... von EU geplante "Notbremse" bei der Visa-Liberalisierung: "automatische Aussetzung" im Falle von Missbrauch (Notbremse) betreffe alle Staaten mit Visa-Freiheit ... "nicht gegen irgendein Land gerichtet" ... z.B. die Türkei ...
Steigen die Asylzahlen oder ist die öffentliche Ordnung bedroht, will die EU künftig Abkommen zur Visabefreiung aussetzen können. Das gilt für alle Länder, zum Beispiel auch Kosovo. ...

ARMENIEN-RESOLUTION NUN AUCH IN DEUTSCHLAND IM BUNDESTAG VERABSCHIEDET
Ungeachtet der deutlichen Kritik der türkischen Regierung hat der Bundestag die Armenien-Resolution beschlossen und damit das historische Massaker als Völkermord eingestuft. ...

ROBBIE WILLIAMS IN GEORGIEN MAI 2016 - ROBBIE WILLIAMS IN GEORGIA  MAY 2016
How to look like the scene for Robbie Williams concert - 28.05.2016, video, rustavi2.com 
Robbie Williams Gig in Tbilisi28.05.2016, civil.ge
British singer Robbie Williams performed before up to 40,000 people at the Dinamo Arena in Tbilisi on May 27, 2016. The gig was one of the headline acts in Check in Georgia program involving dozens of entertainment events this year; Italian singer Eros Ramazzotti performed at the Tbilisi Sport Palace in April and the band Maroon 5 will play a gig in Georgia’s Black Sea resort town of Batumi on June 7.
Robbie’s next live outing will see him head to Georgia for the first time to help celebrate the country’s Independence Day next month. He’ll take to the stage at Tbilisi’s Dynamo Arena on 27 May to perform the greatest hits-heavy setlist seen on last year’s Let Me Entertain You Tour. Robbie’s show will sit alongside many more celebrations planned in the capital and throughout the country; tickets go on sale on 15 April at tkt.ge.
ROBBIE ANNOUNCES SHOW IN GEORGIA - robbiewilliams.com/video
Here's Robbie announcing his show in Tbilisi to celebrate Geogia's Independence Day on 27 May 2016.

OPERNSÄNGER PAATA BURCHULADZE FORMIERT NEUE OPPOSITIONSPARTEI
The new political movement State for People is holding the first congress . Party supporters gathered at the Sports Palace. Paata Burchuladze addressed the participants and said that "we no longer have to dream, we must act." Paata Burchuladze, the leader of a new political force, said his party will fight for coming to power and to fight had started.
Paata Burchuladze presented a new member of his political movement today. Merab Metreveli, a journalist has joined the party " State for people". " Earlier there was no political forces ,with whom I could implement ideas. When Paata Buchulade offered me to join, it was easier to take decision,"- said Merab Metreveli.
"The State for people,"- Paata Burchuladze"s public movement turned into a political party and gets ready for elections. Paata Burchuladze and his teammates do not speak about the new team and political partners. 
Different political forces commented on Paata Burchuladze"s political ambitions. Ruling Party members disapprove Paata Burchuladze"s political experience and electoral . Parliamentary opposition expects that a political competition will increase . Non-parliamentary opposition predicts Bdizina Ivanishvili"s fate to Paata Burchuladze.
Operatic bass Paata Burchuladze announced on Thursday about launching political party, the State for the People, which, he said, will win a “solid” representation in the Parliament to be elected in the October 8 elections.
His announcement about going into politics came as no surprise. In late November Burchuladze, 61, launched the Georgian Development Foundation, and although he has remained noncommittal about political plans up until now, Burchuladze has been travelling in the regions since January, opening there branch offices of his foundation and meeting locals in campaign-style events. “The country is in such a state now, which forced me to quit my career and my sweet life in order to lead the political party,” said Burchuladze, whose operatic career spanned more than 35 years. In a written statement earlier on May 12, he said in an apparent reference to billionaire ex-PM Bidzina Ivanishvili: “We do not want the country to have an informal ruler and to live according to his taste, in the world created according to his taste.” “Under the incumbent government, we have received the country which does not know what it wants,” said Burchuladze, who has been involved in charity work for children through his Iavnana foundation for over a decade. “The task is the following: we should change politics itself and we will have a chance to change the country… There is no place for either ignorant or dishonest people in the politics; they may still remain in the politics, but let’s try to make them minority,” he said, adding that he wants Georgia to become “a member of the European family.” In one of the recent publicly available public opinion surveys, Burchuladze’s movement polled third after GDDG ruling party and opposition UNM. Asked about Burchuladze’s decision to go into politics, PM Giorgi Kvirikashvili, who is set to become chairman of the ruling GDDG party later this week, said that “the more political players are out there, the more competitive the environment will be.” “But I think that the Georgian Dream is unrivaled and has a serious advantage, which will be confirmed in the elections,” PM Kvirikashvili said.
Paata Burchuladze Development Fund presented their vision of the Judicial reform to the third Sector. Afterwards, the bill will be initiated in the Parliament in the near future. Fund officials believe that the Council of Justice is unacceptable and has no confidence from the civil society. According to them, the work of the Council should be transparent. "The situation in the court is beyond criticism. The created situation does not allow for optimistic conclusions. The government is using the judiciary for their own purposes. So, we decided to meet with the non-governmental sector to introduce the draft law of the Development Fund , the purpose of which is not to allow the High Council of Justice to make decisions on the basis of deals and secure ordinary judicial independence", - said David Jandieri.
A movement, established by operatic bass Paata Burchuladze, which is expected to turn into a political party ahead of the October parliamentary elections, emerged not too far behind from GDDG and UNM in a poll commissioned by the International Republican Institute (IRI) and fielded in March. The survey was fielded by Institute of Polling & Marketing (IPM) on March 12-April 2. GD ruling coalition announced on March 31 that its members (GDDG; Republican Party; Conservative Party; Industrialists, and National Forum) would no longer run under the joint ticket in the upcoming elections. On a question “if the parties were to participate independent of coalitions, who would you vote for”, 12% named Burchuladze’s Georgian Development Foundation, after Georgian Dream-Democratic Georgia (GDDG) – 19%, and United National Movement (UNM) – 18%. Irakli Alasania’s Free Democrats party was named by 11%, followed by Labor Party – 8%; Alliance of Patriots – 4%; Nino Burjanadze’s Democratic Movement – 3%, and Republican Party – 1%. 14% did not know and 9% said they would vote for none of the party. Burchuladze, whose operatic career spans over 35 years, has launched Georgian Development Foundation late last year. Burchuladze, who has been involved in charity work for children through his Iavnana foundation for over a decade, did not rule out going into politics when he announced about his new foundation in late November. He has been traveling in the regions, opening there branch offices of his foundation and meeting locals since January in events reminiscent to political campaigning. Local branches of the movement were opened in more than dozen of localities across the country over the past three months. Burchuladze says that these efforts aim at “elaborating together with people a plan for overcoming the crisis existing in the country.” While remaining noncommittal about his own political plans, he often speaks about prevailing “hopelessness” among the people and his attempt to “give people glimmer of hope and to get Georgia on right track”. He also speaks about the need of “proper management and governance for the country.” Key members of his movement make frequent televised appearances, commenting on current affairs and criticizing government’s policies as “aimless, passive and inefficient.” Burchuladze has visited Washington D.C. at least twice since March, and his representatives traveled to Brussels for meetings with some MEPs. IRI-commissioned survey also examines favorability rating of politicians and public figures, where Burchuladze leads with 75%; his unfavorable rating stood at 17%. He was followed by Healthcare Minister Davit Sergeenko with 64%, whose unfavorable rating was at 26%. FD opposition party leader Irakli Alasania and President Giorgi Margvelashvili had 60% favorable rating each with their unfavorable rating at 35% each. PM Giorgi Kvirikashvili’s favorable rating stood at 56% and unfavorable – 32%. Leader of the UNM parliamentary minority group MP Davit Bakradze’s favorable rating was at 54% and unfavorable – 40%. 70% of surveyed said things in Georgia were going in the “wrong direction”, up from 55% in February, 2015. 1,500 respondents were interviewed in the survey, which was funded by USAID; it has margin of error plus/minus 2.5%.
"Paata Burchuladze - Development Fund of Georgia " has issued a statement on the Rustavi 2 case. The statement says that a few years after the change of Government, free media is still under the threat. "Unfortunately, the developments around Rustavi 2 case raise serious doubts that the case is politically motivated. A number of international and local non-governmental organization are concerned about developments around Rustavi 2 TV . "Paata Burchuladze - Development Fund of Georgia" joins these concerns and supports the broadcasting company and its all journalists employed and employees ", - the letter says. "Paata Burchuladze - Development Fund of Georgia" has called on the government to stop controlling the court. The Fundhas also called on the Court not to interfere in the political insinuations in order not to cast shadow on the court"s independence and reputation. "In case of the government`s interference and immature actions the damage is inflicted not only to the " Rustavi 2 TV company`s"editorial independence and financial situation, but it may have irreparable repercussions on the future of our country, its Euro-Atlantic integration process and the officially declared western course," reads the letter .
"Together we are Georgia" - under the slogan Paata Burchuladze`s Fund organized a human chain. Dressed in national clothes from different ethnic groups living in Georgia .partcipants formes a life chain from Juma mosque-to-Surb Gevork cathedral and a synagogue up to the karavasla Historic Museum. In the framework of event , Paata Burchuladze visited various temples and met with .religious groups clerics. Paata Burchuladze addressed the particpants with a speech.
On Christmas Eve Paata Burchuladze visited Kote Tedeev`s 6-member family who are IDPs from the occupied Achabeti. The founder of the Foundation for Development of Georgiaalso visited the Sunday school in the village of Nikozi, which was built with the help of foreign partners after 2008 war. Paata Burchuladze attended Christmas sermon at the Deity Church near the occupation line.
Today, Paata Burchuladze presented his new Development Fund. Although Burchuladze announced the Development Fund as a non-political organization, the first main message had a very different direction. The top opera-singer does not like the government"s economic policy. Beside the economic problems, the foundation members talk on the political crisis in the country. Because of this, new team is planning to consult with the political subjects. At this moment, the members did not specify when the party is scheduled to be remodeled. It is possible that happens before the parliamentary elections.


GEORGISCHE UND DEUTSCHE FRAUEN-POWER ? - GEORGIAN AND GERMAN WOMAN POWER ?
Wo die Männer nur Statisten sind (Einspruch von georgien-nachrichten.com: Wo die Männer als Tamadas sehr beschäftigt sind): ... Mit den Georgiern ist es so: Die Frauen sind alle wunderschön und unendlich gebildet, sie sprechen sanft, aber bestimmt, sie sind Institutsdirektorinnen, Filmwissenschaftlerinnen, Übersetzerinnen, Museumsleiterinnen und Schriftstellerinnen. Die Männer sind ... (Einspruch von georgien-nachrichten.com zum Artikel insgesamt: eine Reihung von höflichen Klischees ... als Vorbereitung für Georgien als Ehrengastland der Frankfurter Buchmesse im Jahr 2018 ... und der Abschnitt "Georgien ist ein halbwegs funktionierender demokratischer Staat ..." spart die "Undiszipliertheiten" und "Widersprüchlichkeiten" der aktuell Regierenden bezüglich der Mehr-Parteien-Demokratie aus ... )
Frauen und die Demonstration am 9. April 1989 - In Erinnerung an die 1989 in Tbilisi getöteten Frauen, die unter den 20 erschlagenen und vergasten Demonstranten für die georgische Unabhängigkeit waren:
Aza Adamiya (22), Eka Bezhanishvili (16), Nato Giorgadze (23), Tamuna Dolidze (28), Tina Enukidze (70), Nino Toidze (25), Zaire Kikvidze (86), Manana Loladze (33), Tamara Mamulashvili (50), Nana Samarguliani Nana (41), Marina Chkonia-Samarguliani (31), Eliso Chipashvili (25), Tamara Chovelidze (16), Mzia Dzhincharadze (40), Manana Melkadze (23), Natia Bashaleishvili (16), Verena Metreveli
Frische Luft, gesunde Ernährung und immer ein Tropfen rustikalen Weins ... in Georgien sind mit seinen 4,4 Millionen Einwohnern rund 1.000 Menschen älter als 100 Jahre ... Es geht um die Georgierin Antissa Chwitschawa, 8. Juli 1880 geboren. ...
"Salut Salon" ist ein Frauen-Quartett aus Hamburg, das Klassik auf Tour neu intoniert:

GEZIELTE AKTIONEN MIT GEWALTANWENDUNG GEGEN UNM-OPPOSITION BEI ZUGDIDI
A violent incident in the village of Kortskheli of Zugdidi municipality has “damaged significantly electoral environment,” chairperson of the Central Election Commission (CEC), Tamar Zhvania, said after polling stations closed in Sunday’s by-elections in number of single-mandate constituencies to fill vacant seats in local councils.
Some leaders and activists of the opposition UNM party were beaten by a group of supporters of the ruling GDDG party in a fistfight, which erupted outside a polling station in the village of Kortskheli in early Sunday afternoon.
Along with Zugdidi’s Kortskheli single-member district, by-elections are held in eight other single-member districts in various localities across the country to fill vacant seats in respective local councils (Sakrebulo). ...
President Giorgi Margvelashvili has condemned violence outside a polling station in the Zugdidi municipality in which some of the leaders and activists of the opposition UNM party were beaten by supporters of the ruling GDDG party. ...
Several leading figures from opposition UNM party and its activists were beaten during a fistfight that broke out close to a polling station in a village of Zugdidi municipality during by-election for a vacant seat in local council on Sunday.
International Society for Fair Elections and Democracy (ISFED), whose observers are monitoring by-elections said: “A physical confrontation erupted between [ruling party] GDDG activists and UNM representatives close to the polling station No.53 in the Zugdidi municipality. [GDDG] activists were forcing UNM leaders – Giga Bokeria, Nika Melia, Tengiz Gunava and party’s other representatives, to leave the area adjacent to the polling station; UNM members refused, which was followed by confrontation.”
Television footage showed chaotic scenes in the village of Kortskheli with dozens of people scuffling; in one scene UNM’s Nika Melia was seen being beaten by several men and in another scene Bokeria was punched in the face and knocked on the ground as his supporters were helping him to stand up. ...

RUSSISCH BESETZTES ABCHASIEN - SOLDAT ERSCHIESST AN GRENZE GEORGIER
Giga Otkhozoriaand wurde an der Grenze auf der abchasischen Seite von einem russischen Soldaten an helllichtem Tage vor vielen umstehenden Augenzeugen mit mehreren Schüssen verletzt, zuletzt am Boden liegend mit einem Kopfschuss getötet. Der Tatablauf wurde durch Videokameras festgehaltenVideo mit Tatblauf ab 0:45
1.05.2016, civil.ge
Military prosecution service in breakaway Abkhazia said it has filed murder charges against an Abkhaz border guard serviceman, suspected of killing a Georgian citizen on May 19. ...
Khurcha murder fixed by surveillance camera - 20.05.2016, rustavi2.com
Khurcha murder was fixed by the security surveillance camera installed at the so-called Checkpoint. The video showed how the military occupation regime servicemen cross the Georgian-controlled territory and at first physical abuse Giga Otkhozoriaand then shoot several times. The camera also fixed the last control shot in the head. After that, the soldiers leave the place and return to the so-called border check point. This video has been removed by Georgian law enforcers. The footage was showed to witnesses for identification of the murder suspects.
A local Georgian citizen was shot dead in the Georgian-controlled village of Khurcha at one of the crossing points between breakaway Abkhazia and rest of Georgia on May 19 by armed men, who reportedly came from the Abkhaz side of the administrative border.
The Georgian PM condemned the fatal shooting as an attempt “to obstruct the ongoing processes” of reconciliation and the Georgian Foreign Ministry said Russia as the “power in effective control” of Abkhazia is responsible. The Russian Foreign Ministry dismissed the allegation as Tbilisi’s “usual propaganda exercise on the topic of ‘Russian occupation’.”
The EU Monitoring Mission in Georgia (EUMM), which has unarmed monitors on the ground without being able to access the breakaway region, said that the fatal shooting occurred at the Khurcha-Nabakevi crossing point.
“According to a preliminary assessment based on local witnesses, armed security actors from the Abkhaz side of the bridge crossed over to Tbilisi Administered Territory and carried out the shooting. EUMM has activated the hotline and is facilitating the exchange of information. We have been informed that the investigation is ongoing on the both sides of the Administrative Boundary Line,” the EUMM said on May 20.
The Georgian State Security Service, which “condemned” the fatal shooting, said that Giga Otkhozoria was shot to death by “four armed persons” at about 2:30pm local time on May 19 in the village of Khurcha. Otkhozoria had several gunshot wounds, including one to the head, according to a doctor in a hospital in nearby town of Zugdidi.
There were conflicting reports in the Georgian media about the circumstances of the fatal shooting; some reports said that Otkhozoria was shot dead by the Abkhaz border guards and in some reports perpetrators were described as Russian border guards. Some relatives of the victim said that the shooting was preceded by a verbal argument between the man and those manning the crossing point. 
Chief prosecutor of breakaway Abkhazia, Alexey Lolua, told Russian news agency TASS on May 20 that the incident occurred at the crossing point when two men tried to entered into Abkhazia without having proper documents; he claimed that one of the men “threatened” border guards and engaged in a brawl with them. 
The Georgian State Security Service did not identify “four armed persons” either as Abkhaz or Russian security forces and declined to comment beyond its brief written statement.
Although the Georgian Foreign Ministry did not say in its statement that the Russian border guards were involved in the shooting, it said that the responsibility for fatal shooting lies upon the Russian side because it is “in effective control of the region.”
“This criminal act once again demonstrates the highly alarming situation in the occupied region of Abkhazia, Georgia and the full responsibility for it lies with the Russian Federation as with the power in effective control of the region,” the Georgian Foreign Ministry said.
“The abovementioned criminal act reaffirms the need of establishing international security mechanisms in the occupied Abkhazia and Tskhinvali region,” it added. “The Georgian side will apply all existing international mechanisms to ensure both political and legal response and to bring those responsible for the crime to justice.”
Georgian Deputy Foreign Minister Davit Dondua said he spoke by the phone with Russian Deputy Foreign Minister Grigory Karasin on May 19 over the issue; both are negotiators in the Geneva talks, which were launched after the August, 2008 war.
President Giorgi Margvelashvili said on May 20: “The murder in Khurcha means that one more person has fallen victim to occupation.”
In a statement on May 20 the Russian Foreign Ministry said Russian forces had nothing to do with this incident.
“The Georgian MFA used this case for its usual propaganda exercise on the topic of ‘Russian occupation’ even though the Georgian side knew very well that neither border guard troops nor any other Russian representative had anything to do with this incident,” the Russian Foreign Ministry said, adding that the fatal shooting is a source of “sincere regret.”
“Instead of political speculation over tragic death of a person, we recommend the Georgian side to focus on restoration of Incident Prevention and Response Mechanism in the area of the Georgian-Abkhaz border in the town of Gali,” it said, adding that “anti-Russian attacks” of Tbilisi do not contribute to restoration of this mechanism, restart of which was agreed at the recent round of the Geneva talks in March.
PM Giorgi Kvirikashvili told journalists on May 20: “It is an appalling fact, a huge tragedy that a person was killed mercilessly on the territory controlled by the Georgian side. It is even a greater tragedy as it is an attempt to obstruct the ongoing processes [of reconciliation] – we are taking certain steps to restore trust between Georgians and Abkhazians, Georgians and Ossetians.”
“I believe that the perpetrator will be punished very strictly. We will involve all our international partners in this case and we will definitely bring it to the end to ensure that the person who committed this terrible crime does not remain unpunished: the PM said.
“I express hope that Abkhazians will view this case as a direct provocation against the processes [of reconciliation]. Although we don’t have a great progress from political point of view, but we do have some progress in people-to-people relations and there is a certain warming; I wish that this progress to continue and that’s why it is extremely important to punish the perpetrators very strictly” he added. 
The Georgian State Ministry for Reconciliation and Civic Equality said in a statement on May 20, that the fatal shooting “is a serious challenge to peaceful policy the Georgian government has been pursuing over the past four years.” 
“Such cases have to be unequivocally condemned by all the parties. We do hope that power exercising effective control on the territory of Abkhazia will have a serious reaction to this case in order to eradicate re-occurrence of similar cases in the future, which undermine Georgian-Abkhaz peaceful political process,” it said.  
The EU Monitoring Mission in Georgia (EUMM) has urged for a prompt and thorough investigation of the case and also called “on all sides to refrain from any actions that could potentially escalate the situation.”
“The incident as such provides additional urgency for the swift resumption of the Incident Prevention and Response Mechanism in Gali,” EUMM said.
A small group of protesters gathered on May 20 outside the government headquarters in Tbilisi criticizing Georgian authorities’ reaction to the fatal shooting, specifically the State Security Service’s statement, and saying that instead of making statements of condemnation the agency should be providing security on its controlled territory. Similar criticism was voiced at a separate protest rally, which was held on the same day by activists from the UNM opposition party outside the State Security Service.

EUROVISION SONG CONTEST ESC 2015 IN WIEN - ÖSTERREICH
Die Gruppe steht für Indie-Pop-Rock-Grunge. ... Der georgische TV-Sender GPB hatte bereits nach interner Auswahl im Dezember bekannt gegeben, dass Nika Kocharov & Young Georgian Lolitaz nach Schweden fahren - nur der Song musste noch ausgewählt werden. ... 
http://www.eurovision.tv/page/news?

29 million lari - world performers concerts will be mainly state-funded: A new large-scale project begins in Georgia. Eros ramazoti, Robbie Williams, Maroon 5 and Jose Carreras will arrive in Georgia within the governmental project "Check in Georgia".
The main part of the expenditures,29 million lari will be allocated from the reserve fund. However, as officials say they are negotiating with individuals in terms of co-financing the project.
Eros Ramazoti will hold a concert on April 24 at the Sports Palace , the concert of Robbie Williams is scheduled for May 27 on the Dinamo stadium, Maroon 5` concert will be held on June 7 in Batumi and the Jose Carrera`s - on June 18 in Kutaisi.
The project "Сheck in Georgia" was presented by the Economy and Culture ministers and the National Tourism Department.
Within the project, 25 concerts will be held in 19 cities in a year. The local show-business representatives will also participate.
Government representatives explained that Georgia will use this project to promote the country and attract tourists.

PANAMA-PAPERS UND GEORGISCHE UND RUSSISCHE OLIGARCHEN
... Enge Vertraute des russischen Präsidenten Wladimir Putin haben in den vergangenen Jahren unter konspirativen Umständen offenbar mehr als zwei Milliarden Dollar durch Briefkastenfirmen geschleust und dabei hohe Millionenbeträge außer Landes geschafft. ... 
Putins beste Freunde04.04,2016, sueddeutsche.de
PANAMA PAPERS - Die Geheimnisse des schmutzigen Geldes - panamapapers.sueddeutsche.de, blog
panamapapers - power-players -  04.04,2016, projects.icij.org
Der Chef der georgischen Regierungspartei "Georgian Dream" Bidzina Ivanishvili (Oligarch und Kritiker sowie Gegenspieler von der Ex-Regierung Saakaschwili) ist mit dabei ... ebenso das Putin-Umfeld, verkürztes Zitat "... In den Unterlagen finden sich die Namen von Regierungschefs: Darunter ... Bidsina Iwanischwili, (Ex-Premier Georgien) ... Putin-Vertraute ... wie Sergej Roldugin ... Cellist und Taufpate von Putins ältester Tochter ..."
... 6. Bidsina Iwanischwili, der frühere georgischer Ministerpräsident: Der ehemalige georgische Ministerpräsident Bidsina Iwanischwili war offenbar Besitzer einer Firma auf den britischen Jungferninseln. ...
... The agency said that on December 26 the Georgian Dream signed a contract with a private company Elita Burji on purchase of services and on December 29 the Georgian Dreamed transferred GEL 2 million to Elita Burji based on that contract. Elita Burji is wholly owned by an offshore company Ringold Finance Limited, which is registered in the British Virgin Islands. Elita Burji is a construction firm affiliated with Cartu Group, a holding incorporating firms and organizations owned by Bidzina Ivanishvili. ...
The International Consortium of Investigative journalists revealed scandalous documents, according to which Panamanian law firm Mossack Fonseca  has helped clients launder money, dodge sanctions and evade tax. According  to eleven million leaked documents show the links of world-known politicians and businessmen with the offshore zones. Georgia is also mentioned in the documents. According to investigation the former Prime Minister- Bidzina Ivanishvili owns the company Lynden Management, which  is not listed in these asset declarations. The Panama-based offshore-provider is registered Lynden Management in the British Virgin Islands in 2006.
Nor is the trail of where he keeps and invests his money totally hidden. As Prime Minister of Georgia in 2012-13, before he resigned and designated his own replacement, he was required to file  public official’s  asset declarations. These 72 pages list dozens of properties, stock holdings, bank accounts and businesses. But one company in his empire, Lynden Management Ltd., is not listed in these asset declarations. ...
Political Party Donations - 21.10.2013, civil.ge
Georgian Dream (GD) coalition is the largest recipient of monetary donations this year, ...

Battle continues in for the third day in Nagorno- Karabakh. Azerbaijan and Armenia continue to accuse each other of attacks and claim that  the opponent is suffering heavy losses. Azerbaijani Defense Ministry reported that An Armenian command headquarters post has been destroyed on the front line of the conflict . Generals, colonels, and other high-ranking officers from the Armenian side have been killed. The self-proclaimed Nagorno-Karabakh  announces that Azerbaijani side has unprecedented loss of manpower. According to them 300 Azeri soldiers have been killed. Official Baku denies an information.

Leader of the Free Democrats (FD) opposition party, Irakli Alasania, has ruled out an election bloc with the Republican Party, which is expected to announce this week about its decision whether to run independently or again under a joint ticket with the Georgian Dream ruling coalition. ...

BEGINN EINER NEUEN PHASE IN DEN RUSSISCHEN INTERVENTIONEN IM AUSLAND ? 
Nach dem "Teilabzug" aus Syrien noch eine überraschende Wendung aus Moskau: Russland ergreift nun selbst die Initiative und gibt den Spielraum für die strafrechtliche Aufarbeitung individueller Verantwortung in seinen extraterritorialen Konflikten vor. Wird Russland gemäß diesem Präzedenzfall ebenso die strafrechtliche Aufarbeitung von Taten russischer Staatsangehöriger anerkennen, wenn die betroffenen Staaten diese gegenüber Russland vortragen? Sogar schon bei Beihilfe zu Mordtaten? 
Schuldig im Sinne der Anklage: die ukrainische Kampfpilotin Nadja Sawtschenko muss wegen angeblichen Mordes an zwei russischen Journalisten ins Gefängnis. Sie hofft auf einen Gefangenenaustausch. ...
... ein russisches Gericht hat die Ukrainerin des Mordes schuldig gesprochen. Das Strafmaß wird später bekannt gegeben. ...
... wegen ... Beihilfe bei der Ermordung zweier russischer Journalisten in der Ostukraine geleistet, hieß es zur Begründung. ...
Zur Erinnerung: Parallel läuft immer noch der Versuch, die Vorgänge im Georgienkrieg 2008 gegen den Widerstand Russlands aufzuklären:   Georgian PM Meets ICC Prosecutor in Munich - 13.02.2016, civil.ge
Georgian Prime Minister Giorgi Kvirikashvili met on the sideline of the Munich Security Conference on February 13 with Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), Fatou Bensouda, who is investigating August 2008 war. In late January the Hague-based court authorized its prosecutor to open investigation into war crimes and crimes against humanity allegedly committed in the lead up to, during, and after the August, 2008 war in Georgia. ... Georgia welcomed the ICC’s decision to open the investigation; Russia criticized it. Georgia, as a state party to the Rome Statute through which the ICC was established, is obligated to fully cooperate with ICC – something that does not apply to Russia, because it is not an ICC member. ...

RUSSLAND HÄLT SEIT 2008 SÜDOSSETIEN UND ABCHASIEN MILITÄRISCH BESETZT ...
The Russian Foreign Ministry has again warned that “sharply intensified anti-Russian” rhetoric by Georgia is damaging ongoing “normalization” of bilateral ties and is also having adverse effect on the Geneva international discussions, launched after the August 2008 war. ... In this context the Russian MFA pointed at Georgian Foreign Ministry’s quarterly reports on “Human Rights Situation in the Occupied Regions of Georgia”, which it slammed as “obvious slander against Republic of Abkhazia, the Russian Federation and the Republican of South Ossetia.” ...
... “Now the main threat is approaching of the parliamentary elections in Georgia and an obvious increase in provocative, anti-Russian rhetoric heard in Tbilisi, at international forums, heard from public figures and – what is the most regrettable for our bilateral relations – from official representatives, politicians, ministers and even the President [Giorgi Margvelashvili]. Obviously we take note of it; we try not to respond every time when we are needled, but we make conclusions,” he said. “And now we are at the very watershed moment that we have to pass through – either we return to the period of confrontation and looking for scenarios that may pit us against each other again, or we will gradually establish normal, respectful relations and solve tasks that we face,” Karasin said. ... Will Russland die Besetzung beenden und zur Normalität zurückkehren ???
Another open-threatening from Russia. Moscow"s full attention now is concentrated on the Georgian election and in case the anti-Russian rhetoric does not change, Kremlin will retaliate - this is the content of the statement made before Abashidze-Karasin meeting in Prague. ... Karasin insisted on guarantees for Russian tourists and abolishing of the occupation law.
The parlamentary minority responded to Grigory Karasin"s statement.The UNM Foreign Relations Secretary,Giga Bokeria said that it was unclear why Ivanishvili promised to mend relations with Russia and why he was lying to us that these relations were settled and improved.
"This statement reflects the attitude that we know that Russia has - they do not recognize the existence of our country. It is clear that we need tofight it , but it is unclear why he promised to mend relations with Russia and why he is lying to us that the relations are settled"- Bokeria said.
According to the chairman of the Free Democrats, Irakli Alasania, Russia is preparing for the elections in Georgia more than the people of Georgia.
Several thousand people formed a human chain in the central parts of Tbilisi on March 6 during a demonstration organized by the opposition UNM party in protest against what it calls were dubious goals pursued by the Georgian government in talks with Russia’s state-controlled energy giant Gazprom. ...

SYRIENKRIEG - AUCH EIN KRIEG UM GAS-PIPELINES VON RUSSLAND UND DEM WESTEN ?
Türkei-Deal: Deutschland könnte Großteil der Flüchtlinge aufnehmen - 18.03.16, Deutsche Wirtschafts Nachrichten
...nach einem schon lange diskutierten Plan geht, könnte Deutschland einen Großteil der Flüchtlinge aus der Türkei aufnehmen. ... Das Projekt steht im Zusammenhang mit den Plänen einer Pipeline, die der EU eine Alternative zum russischen Gas bringen soll. .... Angela Merkel ... geopolitische Pläne der USA, besonderes Interesse bei Energiepolitik: ... planen die Transadria-Pipeline (TAP). ... verläuft von der türkischen Grenze über Griechenland, Albanien und die Straße von Otranto nach Italien. Auf diesem Weg befindet sich eine der wichtigsten Flüchtlings-Routen nach Europa, ...
... Europa über eine Pipeline versorgt wird, die unter US-Kontrolle und nicht unter russischer Kontrolle steht. USA und Russland sind im Kampf um den Energiemarkt Europas.... Rückzug der Russen aus Syrien ... Absprache zwischen Russland und den USA (?): ... sich alle Beteiligten von der Abhängigkeit des saudischen Öls lösen wollen. ...
Oil prices and the Syrian civil war - By STEVE AUSTIN for OIL-PRICE.NET, 2015/10/14
Most watch in disbelief as hordes of Middle Eastern migrants enter Europe with little to no resistance from border control. ... Theories and ideas by Austin: ... how an armed conflict over a gas pipeline triggered this mass migration and considering the geopolitical consequences, forecast where oil prices will go from here. ... Should ISIS be pushed by airstrikes and attacks into Saudi Arabia, expect oil prices to surge. 

GEORGIEN UND DEUTSCHLAND UND EUROPA UND MIGRATION - AUSWAHL AN BEITRÄGEN
Die neue Völkerwanderung  - 01.03,2016, ifo Institut
She`s from somewhere in Eastern Europe - 15.11.2015, civil.ge/Ruth McKenna, Glasgow
How Should Europe Respond to the Refugee Crisis? - 13.11.2015, civil.ge/G. Landsbergis, Litauen, MEP Brussels    

PRIVATSPHÄRE VON GEORGISCHEN POLITIKERN INSTRUMENTALISIERT - WER IST ORGANISISATOR ?
Der Vorwahlkampf 2016 hat mit ersten Attacken gegen Persönlichkeiten begonnen:
President of Georgia commented on video footages of private life released in internet. According to Giorgi Margvelashvili this process as an attack on the population. 
" We are closely watching the investigation. have contact with law enforcement agencies. I would like to inform you that this attack on the Georgian government to consider very seriously. It is not a crime committed against certain individuals, this is attack on Georgian state and society. I will not allow anyone to terror my society," said Giorgi Margvelashvili.
Prosecutor"s Office has launched an investigation intothe release of secret surveillance videos of private lives , but they do not disclose details. Despite great public interest, the questions are still not answered - from which country the video footage was uploaded on youtube and what is uploader`s IP address. ...
PM Giorgi Kvirikashvili said “a certain progress” has been made in investigation into unlawful release of secretly recorded sex tapes, purportedly showing politicians. “The Prosecutor’s Office is working very actively on this case and there is a certain progress in the investigation,” the PM said at a government session on Thursday morning without elaborating details. “All the law enforcement agencies are involved in [the investigation]. I think that it is really a matter of honor to put an end to terrorizing the society with [such videos] once and for all. I very much hope that the investigation will succeed,” he added. ...
... prowestliche Oppositionspartei Freie Demokraten (Alasania-Partei) ... auf Video ein Parteimitglied zu sehen sei. ... und zwar eine  ehemalige Ministerin ...
... Several politicians, including from the government and one of the opposition parties, as well as one journalist were threatened on March 14 with releasing secretly recorded videos of their private lives.  The threat was made in a form of a newly released sex tape of unidentified individuals, posted anonymously on YouTube with the text on the video threatening three politicians, one of them opposition figure, and a TV journalist to quit their professional activities before March 31. The new video and the threat came few days after a separate sex tape, purportedly showing one of the opposition politicians, was anonymously posted on YouTube on March 11. ... President Margvelashvili said: “We gathered today because of alarming political and public climate that we have now in Georgia over the release of videos of private lives.” ... “First of all, I want to address those people, who have been threatened and blackmailed by this dark force: regardless of your political views – I stand by you and I will always protect you; I will always be in solidarity with those people, whom someone tries to oppress,” ...
... opposition parties, have said that a failure of the authorities to address properly similar cases in the past and ignoring allegations voiced previously by some public figures about being threatened with releasing of videos of their private lives, has exacerbated concerns over the privacy rights. ... UNM opposition party said in a statement: “Use of dirty methods in political struggle should be over in Georgia. Releasing videos of private lives has become the main weapon against opponents under the governance of [ex-PM] Bidzina Ivanishvili and the Georgian Dream [ruling coalition]. Failure to investigate dozens of such cases and to hold culprits accountable is contributing to [existing situation]. A perpetrator has gone unpunished even when obviously identified – a clear example of that is former deputy interior minister. It should also be noted that in all those cases media sources openly affiliated to the government were contributing to distribution of the recordings.”
“We declare that this dirt should be over and it will be over after the defeat of Bidzina Ivanishvili and the Georgian Dream in the October, 2016 [parliamentary] elections, as well as through real reform of the law enforcement agencies, including by scrapping of the State Security Service, and eradicating impunity,” the UNM said. ...

Exkurs - Wahlen in deutschen Landtagen - Super Sunday >>  

KÜRZER ÜBERBLICK ÜBER DIE WAHLEN - SHORT SURVEY TO THE ELECTIONS
14. März 2016 - Die internationale Presseschau - deutschlandfunk.de
Herausragendes Thema in den ausländischen Zeitungen sind die drei Landtagswahlen in Rheinland-Pfalz, Baden-Württemberg und Sachsen-Anhalt sowie das starke Ergebnis der AfD.
Portal Landtagswahlen 2016
Sachsen-Anhalt Alle Zahlen auf einen Blick (zum Vergleich Prognose)
Baden-Württemberg Alle Zahlen auf einen Blick (zum Vergleich Prognose)
Rheinland-Pfalz Alle Zahlen auf einen Blick (zum Vergleich Prognose)
Hans-Peter Uhl (CSU) "Aufgewühlt, polarisiert und teils radikalisiert"
Reaktionen auf die Wahlen Nachdenken statt Feiern
Landtagswahlen Die durchgerüttelte Republik
Prognose zur Regierungsbildung - 14.03.2015, georgien-nachrichten.com
Sachsen-Anhalt - CDU / SPD / Gründer oder unwahrscheinlicher CDU / AfD
Baden-Württemberg - Deutschland-Koalition CDU / SPD / FDP oder Grüne / CDU
Rheinland-Pfalz - SPD / Grüne / FDP
Prognosen Landtage Bundesländer - fortlaufend aktualisiert

Neues Buch - new book >>

"Aus der Ferne" Neue Georgische Lyrik - bestellbar beim Verlag www.corvinus-presse.de
Vorwort von Zaal Andronikashvili, Gedichte von Ela Gochiashvili, Shalva Bakuradze, Zviad Ratiani, Bella Chekurishvili, Shota Iatashvili, Maia Sarishvili
Herausgeber Matthias Unger, Translineare Übersetzung Tengis Khachapuridse
Nachdichtung Norbert Hummelt, Illustrationen von Hans Scheib
82 Seiten, ISBN 978-3-942280-34-1 Preis: 20 €
bestellbar beim Verlag www.corvinus-presse.de und international bei www.harrassowitz.de

EU Commissioner for Migration and Home Affairs, Dimitris Avramopoulos , speaks about Georgia visa liberalisation during a news conference in Brussels, March 9, 2016. Photo: EU Audiovisual Service
It may take about “three or four months” before the European Parliament and the EU member states decide on the European Commission’s proposal to lift visa requirement for Georgian citizens, EU Commissioner for Migration and Home Affairs, Dimitris Avramopoulos, said.
The European Commission put forth a legislative proposal to allow visa-free travel to the Schengen area for Georgian citizens on March 9.
Before it can go into force, the proposal has to be approved by the European Parliament and the Council of European Union, a body representing the executive governments of the EU member states.
Speaking at a news conference in Brussels, Commissioner Avramopoulos expressed hope that the European Parliament and Council of the EU will adopt the proposal “soon.”
Asked when the process is expected to be finalized, Avramopoulos said: “Hopefully everything will be ready in the beginning of the summer.”
He said that “it takes approximately three or four months” for the European Parliament and the Council of the EU to decide.
“We’ve just launched the procedure and I believe that within this timeline we shall be ready,” Avramopoulos added.
He also said that announcement on putting forth the legislative proposal “is not a surprise as we already gave our positive assessment in December when we confirmed that Georgia met all the benchmarks under the visa liberalisation action plan.”
“We are able to take this step thanks to the real strong efforts made by the government of Georgia to arrive at this point,” the Commissioner said.
“Visa free travel will further facilitate people-to-people contacts and strengthen business, social and cultural ties between the European Union and Georgia – it is an important achievement for the citizens of Georgia,” he said.

FORTSETZUNGSGESCHICHTE: AUFARBEITUNG DES 2008-KRIEGES BEIM INT. CRIME COURT ICC
Georgian Prime Minister Giorgi Kvirikashvili met on the sideline of the Munich Security Conference on February 13 with Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), Fatou Bensouda, who is investigating August 2008 war.
In late January the Hague-based court authorized its prosecutor to open investigation into war crimes and crimes against humanity allegedly committed in the lead up to, during, and after the August, 2008 war in Georgia. ...
Georgia welcomed the ICC’s decision to open the investigation; Russia criticized it.
Georgia, as a state party to the Rome Statute through which the ICC was established, is obligated to fully cooperate with ICC – something that does not apply to Russia, because it is not an ICC member.

President Giorgi Margvelashvili, accompanied by U.S. and EU ambassadors to Georgia, visited Pankisi gorge on January 30.
When at a meeting with locals in the village of Duisi, the President was asked from the audience about Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov’s recent allegation that Pankisi gorge was used by Islamic State fighters for training, Margvelashvili responded smiling: “Why not invite Mr. Lavrov here?” A local resident who asked the question responded: “Why not, let him come and see with his own eyes that nothing special is happening here.”
Asked later by journalist on the same issue, President Margvelashvili responded that he’s not even going to comment on those remarks of Lavrov.
“I am here with the EU and U.S. ambassadors, as well as with journalists and you can see with your own eyes how calm [the situation] is,” the President said. “Problems here are similar to those in other regions of the country – issues related to infrastructure, gasification have to be solved, there should be more employment opportunities for the youth.”
U.S. ambassador Ian Kelly told journalists in Pankisi: “I want to thank the President for inviting me to come along to this beautiful region of Georgia. I think you know that the United States really wants Georgia to succeed as a democracy, and I think that an inclusive society is a strong democracy.   And this is why we want to support the President in his visit to Duisi today.”
Asked about the Russian Foreign Minister’s allegations, he said: “The Prime Minister has stated unequivocally that there are no training centers for terrorists here in the Pankisi Gorge and you have heard the President repeat that. And we of course cooperate very closely with Georgia in the fight against terrorism, and I take their words at face value. There are no training camps for terrorists in the Pankisi Gorge.”
- 30.01
Russia is “disappointed” by decision of the International Criminal Court (ICC) judges to agree with the submission made by the ICC Prosecutor to authorize investigation into August 2008 war, the Russian Foreign Ministry said. ...
Three-judge pre-trial chamber of The Hague-based International Criminal Court (ICC) has given the ICC’s prosecutor go-ahead to investigate war crimes and crimes against humanity allegedly committed in the lead up to, during, and after the August, 2008 war in Georgia.
The decision comes slightly over three months after ICC prosecutor Fatou Bensouda filed a 160-page request asking judges to authorize opening of the investigation and detailing alleged crimes attributed to the Georgian, Russian and South Ossetian sides.
The investigation will cover a period from July 1, 2008 – over one month prior to the war’s start – to October 10, 2008, when Russia withdrew troops from the areas it was occupying in Georgia beyond breakaway South Ossetia. 
“After examining the [prosecutor’s] request and the supporting material, the [Pre-Trial] Chamber concluded that there is a reasonable basis to believe that crimes within the ICC’s jurisdiction have been committed in the situation in Georgia,” The Hague-based court said on January 27.
“Such crimes include crimes against humanity, such as murder, forcible transfer of population and persecution, and war crimes, such as attacks against the civilian population, wilful killing, intentionally directing attacks against peacekeepers, destruction of property and pillaging allegedly committed in the context of an international armed conflict between 1 July and 10 October 2008,” it said.
The ICC Prosecutor said in a statement that “the investigation will take as long as needed to gather the required evidence.”
In her request to open the investigation made in October 2015, ICC Prosecutor Bensouda identified the following crimes, which she “reasonably believes” fall under the jurisdiction of the ICC:
“Killings, forcible displacements and persecution of ethnic Georgian civilians, and destruction and pillaging of their property, by South Ossetian forces (with possible participation by Russian forces)”;
“Intentionally directing attacks against Georgian peacekeepers by South Ossetian forces; and against Russian peacekeepers by Georgian forces.”
ICC Prosecutor’s request to the judges was also accompanied by a confidential annex, which included a list of “persons or groups that appear to be the most responsible for the most serious crimes, with an indication of their specific role.”
Few days after requesting opening the investigation ICC Prosecutor Bensouda visited Tbilisi in mid-October 2015 and met the Georgian Justice Minister and Chief Prosecutor, as well as representatives of those Tbilisi-based human rights groups, which in 2009 compiled a report detailing violations of fundamental rights and international humanitarian law during the August war, and which have been cooperating with and providing information to the ICC prosecutor’s office throughout its preliminary examination of the case.  
It will be ICC’s first investigation into the situation outside Africa.
Although Russia is not a party to the Rome Statute, which established the ICC, the Hague-based Court’s has a jurisdiction to investigate Russian nationals as well because alleged crimes in question were committed on the territory of Georgia, which is a member of ICC.
Georgia, as a state party to the Rome Statute, will be obligated to fully cooperate with ICC – something that will not apply to Russia, because it is not an ICC member.
Human Rights Watch, which in early 2009 released a report on humanitarian law violations during the August 2008 war, welcomed ICC judges’ decision to authorize launch of investigation.
“An ICC investigation will restart justice efforts for victims,” said Elizabeth Evenson, senior international justice counsel at Human Rights Watch. “It’s been more than seven years since the war ended, but neither Georgia nor Russia has held to account those responsible for unlawful civilian killings, looting, and torching of homes.”

Georgia’s score in Transparency International’s annual Corruption Perception Index (CPI) has remained unchanged. In the 2015 CPI, released by the anti-corruption watchdog on January 27, Georgia’s score is 52, same as in 2014. CPI ranks countries based on how corrupt their public sector is perceived to be and it scores countries on a scale from 0 – perceived to be highly corrupt, to 100 – perceived to be very clean. Georgia’s CPI score was 52 in 2012, 49 in 2013 and 52 again in 2014 and 2015. ...

The European Parliament adopted on January 21 resolution on implementation of Association Agreements and deep and comprehensive free trade treaties with Georgia, Moldova and Ukraine. The resolution, which was preceded by debates a day earlier, acknowledges the European aspirations of the three countries and calls on them to pursue reforms. Specifically on Georgia, the resolution welcomes the progress made in reforms envisaged by the visa liberalisation action plan with the EU and “commends the commitment shown in this regard by the Georgian authorities.” ...

EU Commissioner for Neighbourhood Policy and Enlargement Negotiations, Johannes Hahn, told members of the European Parliament on January 20 that Georgia has made “impressive” progress in reforms, “beyond benchmarks” set in visa liberalisation action plan with the EU. The result of these reforms, he said, was the European Commission’s positive report in December on implementation of the visa liberalisation action plan and the Commission will now press ahead with legislative proposal to the EU-member states and the European Parliament to achieve visa waiver for Georgian citizens in the Schengen zone “as soon as possible.” ...

The National Bank of Georgia (NBG) sold USD 20 million at a foreign currency auction on January 12 to support the national currency lari (GEL). GEL was trading at about 2.415-2.42 per U.S. dollar on January 12, compared to 2.419-2.425 a day earlier. GEL has lost 28.3% of its value against U.S. dollar since last year’s January and 0.8% since the beginning of this year. ...

The Georgian State Security Service said on Monday that it arrested three men while trying to sell radioactive substance Cesium-137. The three men, identified as Mirian B., born in 1979; Konstantine B., born in 1971, and Ioseb Ch., born in 1976, were arrested while trying to sell Cs-137 for USD 100,000, according to the security agency. ...

Chief prosecutor of the breakaway South Ossetia, Merab Chigoev, died after he was struck by a car while crossing street in Tskhinvali on January 9, according to the breakaway region’s interior ministry. Initially Russian and local media sources reported citing a witness that the driver ran from the scene, but later the same media sources reported citing breakaway region’s interior ministry that the driver did not try to flee and was arrested on the scene; he was identified as Soslan Tedeev, a 33-year-old resident of Tskhinvali. The incident does not appear to be treated by the law enforcement agencies of the breakaway region as an intentional act.  ... 
Annual Inflation 4.9% in December 04.01.2016, civil.ge, Source: Geostat
Georgia’s annual inflation slowed to 4.9% in December, compared to 6.3% in November, according to figures released by the state statistics service, Geostat, on Monday. ...

President, PM’s New Year Addresses - 01.01.2016, civil.ge
In their New Year messages President Giorgi Margvelashvili and new PM Giorgi Kvirikashvili have both mentioned “freedom” and “free citizens”, spoke of “new step” and “new reality” for 2016 and addressed residents of breakaway Abkhazia and South Ossetia. ...
... Noting that 2016 will mark 25th anniversary of restoration of Georgia’s independence, President Margvelashvili said: “We should turn independence, that we have gained, into freedom. Freedom means to be what we are – to be talented and special that we are. Freedom means to forget strife that we had, to forget mistakes that we made. Freedom means to love each other and make Georgia the country our ancestors were dreaming of. Today we are celebrating launch of this epoch and of this new step.” ...
... Primeminister Kvirikashvili“I want to congratulate especially the youth. 2016 will be the year of your success. You have the greatest potential and we will support all of your initiatives and ideas. I believe that strength of Georgia depends on your success,” ...

PREMIERMINISTER GARIBASHVILI TRITT ÜBERRASCHEND OHNE NENNUNG VON GRÜNDEN ZURÜCK
Parliament confirmed overnight on Wednesday with 86 votes to 28 Giorgi Kvirikashvili as new Prime Minister, replacing Irakli Garibashvili, who announced resignation a week earlier. Kvirikashvili, 48, who was Foreign Minister since September, has become Georgia’s third Prime Minister since the Georgian Dream coalition came into government in late October, 2012, preceded by Bidzina Ivanishvili and Irakli Garibashvili....  Kvirikashvili, who has spent most of his career in financial and banking sectors before becoming Economy Minister in late October 2012, was a member of Parliament in 1999-2004 with the New Rights Party; he was deputy chair of the parliamentary committee on economic policy. Kvirikashvili was director general of ex-PM Bidzina Ivanishvili’s Cartu Bank in 2006-2011.
During the debates many lawmakers from the UNM and Free Democrats (FD) opposition parties were saying that replacing of Garibashvili by Kvirikashvili as PM will not change situation in the country as long as ex-PM Bidzina Ivanishvili remains “informal ruler.” ...
PM Irakli Garibashvili announced about resignation in a live televised statement on Wednesday evening.
In the five-minute address, Garibashvili, who held prime ministerial post since November 2013 after resignation of Bidzina Ivanishvili, spoke of “historic results” and significant reforms during his tenure, but did not give a specific reason behind the decision to step down.
“Holding an office – be it of interior minister or prime minister, and being in government in general has never been a goal in itself for me,” Garibashvili said. “For me this is a mean to serve my country.”
“We have young democracy therefore it is of huge importance what kind of example we will set for our children and future generations. Official posts are temporary, God and homeland are eternal. Therefore today I took a decision to leave the post of prime minister,” Garibashvili said.
Garibashvili, 33, who worked with Ivanishvili for eight years before going into politics together with Ivanishvili in late 2011, served as the Interior Minister for a year before becoming the PM in November, 2013.
The Georgian Dream ruling coalition has to name a new prime minister, who will then nominate cabinet members to face parliament’s confidence vote requiring support of at least 76 MPs.
Garibashvili will remain an acting prime minister before the new government is confirmed by the Parliament; other members of the current cabinet are also acting ministers.
The Georgian media first reported about Garibashvili’s intention to announce about resignation earlier on Wednesday; according to those same reports Giorgi Kvirikashvili, who was economy minister and now holds foreign minister’s post, is expected to be named as next PM by the ruling GD coalition.
“Each person has a possibility to make a free choice,” Garibashvili said in his televised address. “Every step of mine was stemming from the responsibility imposed by this choice – be it when I was making a decision about starting a family, choosing a career or going to politics, when we all got united for saving of the country under the leadership of Bidzina Ivanishvili,” Garibashvili said.
 “Our struggle in 2012 was crowned with the victory of our people. I am really proud that I was honored to assume a huge responsibility before our country and nation, to continue together with our team the work launched for the welfare of our country,” he said. 
“Peace and stability, legality and humaneness were established during my prime ministerial tenure. We returned freedom and dignity to our citizens. Due to large scale reforms and unprecedented governmental programs implemented by us, we laid a firm foundation for economic and social welfare.”
“We also achieved historical results – we signed the Association Agreement with the European Union and launched free trade; we also received consent on visa-free travel rules for our citizens that made our country’s integration into the European family irreversible.”
 “Today, as never before, a real foundation is being laid for peaceful coexistence with our Abkhazian and Ossetian brothers with human-oriented and pragmatic policy, and with our European perspective,” Garibashvili’s said.
 “We began working on restoration of our country’s historic function – Georgia has actively got involved in the international Silk Road project and [Georgia] is now genuinely becoming a link between Asia and Europe.”
 “After Bidzina Ivanishvili took, I would say, an unprecedented step, and at the zenith of his popularity and influence, quit his post of [the PM in November 2013] upon his own decision, he set an example of how a politician should make useful deeds for the country through timely taking of office, as well as through timely departure from the office,” Garibashvili said.
“Now, when internal and external directions of our country have been strengthened, I want to wish success to our future Prime Minister,” he said without indicating who might be named as the next PM. 
“First of all, I want to thank each citizen of our country, our dear people; I want to thank our devoted co-fighters for their cooperation and support, everyone,” he said and also thanked his wife and three sons.
 “My dream was, is and will always be strong and united Georgia with economically strong Georgian people. Today I resign, but I remain a dedicated soldier of my motherland. God bless our motherland and our proud and strong Georgian nation,” Garibashvili said.
When the Georgian news agencies started reporting by around noon on Wednesday that Garibashvili was going to announce about resignation, many of those Georgian Dream lawmakers and government officials who were asked by journalists about those reports, were either responding that they were not aware or denying it as a rumor. A senior GD MP Gia Volski was probably the only one who although said that the PM’s resignation was not yet decided, but discussions were ongoing over the issue.
An opposition lawmaker from Free Democrats party, Zurab Abashidze, said that he had an impression that “no one, but few people within the ruling coalition, knew about Garibashvili’s intention to resign.” He said that keeping ruling majority members unaware of such an important decision was yet another indication of Ivanishvili’s “informal rule.”
A senior lawmaker from the opposition UNM party, Giorgi Gabashvili, said that “nothing is changing in principle” with the resignation of Garibashvili.
“I would call it reshuffle of puppets; Garibashvili has never been an independent figure and leader. He has always been a very energetic executor of Bidzina Ivanishvili’s orders… and other government members are Ivanishvili’s clerks,” MP Gabashvili told Imedi TV.
Some opposition politicians, as well as political commentators, have suggested that the cabinet reshuffle about ten months before the parliamentary elections is possibly made in response to declined public support for the GD ruling coalition.
November poll, commissioned by NDI, showed most of the voters undecided; GD’s support among likely voters stood at 18%, which is up by 4 percentage points since August, but 6 percentage points lower than in April, 2015. UNM opposition party had 12% support among likely voters, compared to 15% and 16% in August and April, respectively; Free Democrats – had 7% support, compared to 5% in August and April.
Parliament speaker Davit Usupashvili said he expects new government led by new prime minister to be confirmed by the legislative body early next week.
PM Irakli Garibashvili announced resignation on Wednesday evening without naming any specific reason behind the decision. He remains an acting prime minister and other members of the cabinet also continue performing their duties before the new prime minister and the cabinet is confirmed by the Parliament.
The Georgian Dream parliamentary majority has to name a new prime minister, who will then nominate cabinet members to face parliament’s confidence vote requiring support of at least 76 MPs.
“The parliamentary majority, the [ruling] coalition, which is united and will remain such in this process, will discuss the issue [a prime ministerial candidacy] and take decision probably on Friday,” Usupashvili told journalists.
“As far as confidence vote for the new cabinet is concerned, I suppose that this process will be completed by the beginning of next week and before the New Year we will form the new government,” the Parliament Speaker said.
Usupashvili also said he was aware about Garibashvili “thinking” of resignation, but not about timing of announcing the decision.
He thanked Garibashvili for his service and said that “lot has been achieved” over the past few years.
Asked about possible prime ministerial candidates, who are being currently speculated in the Georgian media – foreign minister Giorgi Kvirikashvili; healthcare minister Davit Sergeenko; economy minister Dimitri Kumsishvili and head of the state-owned Georgian Railway Mamuka Bakhtadze – Usupashvili responded: “All four of them are very successful… We have lots of successful people in our team; we will decide [about prime ministerial candidate] on Friday.”
Journalists cannot attend the PM briefing - 23.12.2015, rustavi2.com - with video-footage
Media cannot attend the PM briefing. The “Courier” correspondent reports from the Government Office. The Government Administration itself takes a video and will broadcast it at 08:00 pm. Despite the high public interest the journalists will not be able to ask questions to Irakli Garibashvili.

Russia Eases Visa Rules for Georgia 22.12.2015, civil.ge
The Russian Foreign Ministry announced on Tuesday about easing visa requirements for the Georgian citizens starting from December 23.
The Russian Foreign Ministry also said that as a next step it does “not rule out” possibility of lifting visa requirements for Georgia.
“In the context of ongoing process of normalization of Russian-Georgian relations and in the view of stimulating positive trends between our countries, starting from December 23, 2015 business, work, study and humanitarian visas of any multiplicity, as well as private visas regardless of whether there is kinship or not between host and invited person… will be issued to the citizens of Georgia,” the Russian Foreign Ministry said. ...

Roman Gotsiridze, Chairman of the Center  for Economic Development, commented on NDI"s research and stated that the country is poorer compared to last year. " It is obvious that we are now poorer than they were a year ago. This is the result of GEL devaluation,"- said Roman Gotsiridze. ...

The new poll, commissioned by the U.S. National Democratic Institute (NDI),  shows that number of those likely voters who have no preferred political party continues to outpace combined support of Georgia’s two major political forces. ...
32% of these likely voters said they did not know which political party they would vote if parliamentary elections were held tomorrow, almost the same as in August poll.
5% said they would not vote for any of the party, which is a 5 percentage points decline compared to August, and 15% refused to answer.
Georgian Dream (GD) ruling coalition’s support was up 4 percentage points since August to 18% in the new poll, but it was 6 percentage points lower than in April, 2015.
The United National Movement (UNM) opposition party had 12% support among likely voters, compared to 15% and 16% in August and April, respectively.
Free Democrats opposition party, led by ex-Defense Minister Irakli Alasania, had 7% support, compared to 5% in August and April.
Labor Party and Burjanadze’s party had 4% support among likely voters each, followed by Alliance of Patriots with 3%. ...

... The opposition believes that the government has spent 600 000 GEL in attempts to deceit the society. UNM also consider that the PM named the projects that were started during the previous government as the achievements of his cabinet. Opposition members claim that Prime Minister"s statement is "cynical". "It is symbolic that this presentation coincided with NDI surveys, which give the opposite picture. Only 18 % of population agrees with the PM"s opinion that c the country is going in the right direction .
For example, the Prime Minister said that they have opened 269 new enterprises . Mr. Prime Minister stated that the pensions increased by 80 GEL. The economy is growing very slowly. Export and import reduced. The country is in crisis. His messages were cynical,"- said the PM. ...

"Unfortunately Georgian government has not done anything to oppose Russian propaganda and information war"- stated Khatuna Lagazidze while assessing the NDI surveys.
" Georgian government is responsible for this figure for the high percentage of supporters of Russia and Eurasian Union ,"- said the member of the Development Fund of Georgia.
Experts have hailed the fact that the number of supporters of the Euro-Atlantic course has increased. " They have openly pro-Russian deputies, when you have such MPs in the coalition, naturally the part of this coalition becomes pro-northern. And they don"t hide it,"- said Tornike Sharashenidze. ...

The opposition comments on the survey conducted by the National Democratic Institute . UNM members state that they can not understand that self-satisfaction of government. "Every day of Ivanishvili"s and his puppets governance is harmful for our country, both for the economy, as well as in terms of security and defense . We have no new jobs, no investments. People feel it and therefore the studies show that the country is headed in the wrong direction, " - he stated. UNM also focuses on the increase in the number of people who are dissatisfied with the government"s activities. "Every day the situation is getting worse and worse, our citizens" lives is getting more difficult, poverty increases in the country and on such background Georgian Dream has no plan,"- explains Akaki Minashvili. ...

Georgia’s President, Prime Minister, Parliament Speaker, as well as leaders of parliamentary opposition parties have welcomed European Commission’s report, which said that Georgia meets criteria for lifting visa requirements in the Schengen area.
“I welcome the European Commission’s report on visa liberalisation action plan, which fully reflects the progress achieved by Georgia over the past three years,” President Giorgi Margvelashvili said in a written statement shortly after the report was released on December 18. ...

Russia’s President Vladimir Putin said at an annual press conference on Thursday that Moscow is “ready to cancel visa regime” for Georgian citizens. ...

Russian drone and helicopter flew over the Georgian police posts in the vicinity of administrative boundary line with breakaway South Ossetia, the Georgian Foreign Ministry said on Thursday.
The Russian Defense Ministry has denied helicopter overflight in the area.
The Georgian Foreign Ministry said that a Russian unmanned aerial vehicle “violated the airspace controlled by the Georgian central authorities” from the Russian “occupied” region of South Ossetia and flew over the checkpoints of the Georgian Interior Ministry in the villages of Koshka and Gugutiantkari in the Gori municipality at about 6:48pm local time on December 9. ...

26
The opposition responded to the report, released by the  Council of Europe"s Committee for the Prevention of Torture. United National Movement focuses on a certain aspects of the report. According to the conclusion, the situation in prisons remains difficult. " Bosses of organized crime - so called thieves in law  revive informal hierarchical system of prisons. The former officials  are  in such conditions, which could be considered as inhuman and degrading treatment, "- said Zurab Chiaberashvili. ...

WAHLEN 2016 - DRUCK GEGEN OPPOSITION GEHT WEITER AUCH NACH STILLSTAND IN DER CAUSA RUSTAVI 2
Gunshots were fired at a local office of opposition UNM party in the town of Dedoplistskaro in eastern region of Kakheti late last night.
No one was in the office at the time of attack. The building also houses office of UNM majoritarian MP Zaza Kedelashvili, who is elected in Dedoplistskaro single-mandate constituency.
TV footage showed office windows shattered by bullets. Reports say that over two dozen of bullets were fired at the office. ...

President Giorgi Margvelashvili signed a decree on December 4 terminating Georgian citizenship of his predecessor Mikheil Saakashvili, who is now governor of Odessa region in Ukraine.
President’s office said that citizenship of Saakashvili and several other Georgian nationals were terminated with the December 4 decree because they became citizens of foreign countries.
 According to Georgian legislation, a Georgian national loses Georgian citizenship after acquiring citizenship of a foreign country. ... Although the Georgian constitution bans dual citizenship, it also allows the President to grant Georgian citizenship to a foreign national “who has a special merit before Georgia” or if granting of Georgian citizenship to a foreign national is in “state interests.” A foreign national has to apply for citizenship to the Georgian President. ...

NATO foreign ministers reaffirmed on December 2 that Georgia should go through a Membership Action Plan (MAP) phase, which the country has been denied since 2008, before it can join the Alliance. At a foreign ministerial meeting of the Alliance member states in Brussels, ... NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg said that this decision shows to the three other aspirant countries – Bosnia and Herzegovina; Georgia and Macedonia – that “hard work of reform pays off.” “What we have seen today is that NATO’s door is open; it remains open and we proved it by inviting Montenegro,” he said. “Georgia has made a lot of progress.” ...

Is Russia winning the information war?The Clarion, Joseph Epstein - 27.10.2015, civil.ge
Today marks the end of the Tbilisi-hosted South Caucasus Security Forum, convened by the Georgian Ministry of Defense, Centre for European and North Atlantic Affairs (CENAA) and the Georgian Foundation for Strategic and International Studies (GFSIS).  The talks brought together policymakers, think-tankers and security professionals from around the world to discuss the most challenging issues in the region.
The Clarion`s Joseph Epstein listened in on two panels that dealt with related topics of information warfare and hybrid warfare. The panelists were of the unanimous opinion that the West needs to be doing more to combat Russia’s information operations and provocations. The most common suggestions included improving awareness, heightening cyber security and increasing intelligence. ...

WAHLEN 2016 - DRUCK DER REGIERUNGSPARTEI AUF JUSTIZ UND OPPOSSITIONSPARTEI UNM NIMMT GEZIELT ZU - ABER RUSTAVI 2 HÄLT STAND
Neben den Ereignissen um den unabhängigen, regierungskritischen Nachrichtensender Rustavi 2 und der Anklageflut gegen Politiker der Ex-Regierung "arbeitet" die Ivanishvili-Regierung überall am alleinigen Machtanspruch:
Timeline: Rustavi 2 TV Row - 16.11.2015, civil.ge
Ownership dispute over Georgia’s leading private television channel, Rustavi 2, dates from 2004, when series of change in broadcaster’s ownership started through controversial deals, which have repercussions, including political ones, more than a decade later. The recent crisis, which has receded to some extent at least for now after reinstatement of Rustavi 2 management, stems from a lawsuit which broadcaster’s one of the former owners Kibar Khalvashi lodged with the Tbilisi City Court in early August seeking to reclaim his shares in Rustavi 2.
Below is a timeline of key developments since Khalvashi’s lawsuit was filed. ...
Constitutional Court ordered on Friday evening to suspend application of those clauses in the civil procedure code based on which judge ordered appointment of temporary managers in Rustavi 2 TV a week ago.
This is Rustavi 2’s second constitutional complaint stemming from legal battle over broadcaster’s ownership dispute, unfolding in parallel in the common courts.
On November 5 judge of Tbilisi City Court, Tamaz Urtmelidze, ordered as an interim injunction in ownership dispute over Rustavi 2 TV to appoint temporary managers, named by the plaintiff Kibar Khalvashi, replacing broadcaster’s director general Nika Gvaramia and chief financial officer Kakha Damenia. ...
A screengrab from TV footage showing Rustavi 2 TV CEO Nika Gvaramia, wearing a t-shirt with broadcaster’s logo and inscription reading “defend freedom”, speaks to Tbilisi City Court judge Tamaz Urtmelidze on October 19, 2015.
Tbilisi City Court judge, Tamaz Urtmelidze, partly overturned on Thursday his earlier ruling from a week ago and reinstated Rustavi 2 TV’s top management, including its director general Nika Gvaramia and financial director Kakha Damenia. ...
Ivanishvili on Rustavi 2 TV Case - 11.11.2015, civil.ge
A Tbilisi City Court judge’s decision to appoint temporary managers in Rustavi 2 TV and the way it was taken, without an oral hearing, “is politically absolutely damaging” for the government, ex-PM Bidzina Ivanishvili said.
 “When they [opponents] say that the government and Ivanishvili are pulling strings in court… including [in respect of a decision] imposing [temporary] managers [in Rustavi 2] – politically of course it [such decision] is absolutely damaging for the government and personally for me, and if I am really behind this process I am clever enough not to have instructed [the judge] to take such a decision,” he told journalists on November 10.
Had he really had any influence over the judiciary, Ivanishvili said, he would not have given the opponents such a “trump card – appointing a manager without an oral hearing.” “Of course politically it was not favorable for us,” Ivanishvili said.
Rustavi 2 TV former owner Kibar Khalvashi’s lawsuit seeking to reclaim his shares in the broadcaster is seen by Rustavi 2 TV, many opposition parties and civil society activists as a politically motivated ploy by the government to silence the opposition-minded channel. ...
Majority shareholders of the Rustavi 2 TV have turned down a proposal from court-appointed temporary managers of the broadcaster and said that they “have nothing to talk about” with “government-appointed political censors.” ...
Temporary managers of Rustavi 2 TV, appointed by the court, have offered current owners of the broadcaster to name “any” person to whom interim managers would grant power of attorney with full authority to perform all the executive functions required for smooth day-to-day operation of the TV station. ...
Below is a round-up of international reactions on November 6 to a court order replacing top management in Rustavi 2 TV in ongoing ownership dispute over the broadcaster, which has been condemned by opposition parties, Public Defender’s Office, civil society groups and activists in Georgia.
Joint Statement by the U.S. Embassy; EU Delegation and Heads of Mission of the EU Member States in Georgia:
The Delegation of the European Union, in agreement with the Heads of Mission of the EU Member States in Georgia, and the Embassy of the United States of America express our concern related to the appointment of a new management to the Rustavi 2 TV company. ...
President Giorgi Margvelashvili said developments over Rustavi 2 TV, where court has ordered to replace management in ongoing dispute over broadcaster’s ownership, “damage the country’s democratic image and international reputation”.
 “Tensions surrounding Rustavi 2 TV two weeks ago were defused through active [efforts] of all the segments of the society,” the President said in a televised statement on November 6.
“But today we are again facing difficult circumstances that damage the country’s democratic image and international reputation – the public, non-governmental sector, diplomats, Public Defender, political parties, including part of the Georgian Dream ruling coalition, share this assessment,” he said.
  “I call on the ruling coalition representatives to refrain from making undiplomatic remarks and do not limit themselves only by formal statements when assessing the situation,” Margvelashvili said.
 “I call on the ruling coalition representatives not to close yourself off and to get to the bottom of the significance of political process; to take efficient steps towards protecting the country’s democratic image; to hold a dialogue with the society and diplomatic corps, which is an active supporter of our country’s democracy, European and Euro-Atlantic integration.” ... 
EU, U.S. Diplomatic Missions Release Joint Statement on Rustavi 2 TV - 06.11.2015, civil.ge
In a joint statement the U.S. embassy and diplomatic missions of the EU-member states in Tbilisi expressed “concern” over the appointment of a temporary management in Rustavi 2 TV and said that this decision by the court on November 5 raises “serious questions about the independence of the judiciary” and “actual degree of freedom of the media” in Georgia.
“In light of the recent interim decision of the Constitutional Court and considering that the substantial judgment of the first instance court in the Rustavi 2 case does not envisage immediate enforcement, the preventive measures adopted on 5 November raise serious questions about the independence of the judiciary and the actual degree of freedom of the media in Georgia,” reads the statement.
“As our respective Missions have publicly stated many times, freedom of media and independence of the judiciary are essential foundations of a democracy, and diverse opinions should be encouraged in democratic societies.”
“We call on all political actors to refrain from any step or statement that could prevent the Georgian judiciary from ruling dispassionately on this case.”
“The government and judicial institutions need to uphold the principles of media freedom and political pluralism that are an integral part of Georgia’s declared aspirations.”
“We will continue to monitor developments closely and raise concerns with all relevant parties as appropriate,” reads the statement made jointly by the U.S. embassy and the Delegation of the EU in Georgia in agreement with the heads of missions of the EU member states in Tbilisi.
This joint statement comes hours after U.S. ambassador to Georgia, Ian Kelly, released written statement earlier on November 6 saying that the Embassy is “deeply concerned about developments late Thursday night related to Rustavi 2 management and ownership.” News about court’s decision to replace management of the broadcaster broke before midnight on Thursday. ...
U.S. Embassy ‘Deeply Concerned’ over Rustavi 2 TV Developments - 06.11.2015, civil.ge
U.S. ambassador to Georgia, Ian Kelly, has expressed deep concern over Rustavi 2 TV developments, which has seen its top management replaced through a court order in ongoing litigation over the broadcaster’s ownership dispute.
“The Embassy is deeply concerned about developments late Thursday night related to Rustavi 2 management and ownership,” Ambassador Kelly said in a written statement on Friday.
“Attempts to change the management of the station, in advance of the appeal process, have profound political implications. In a democratic society, critical opinions should be encouraged, not silenced.”
“We are committed to supporting Georgia’s Euro-Atlantic aspirations. We call on the government to uphold the principles of media freedom and political pluralism that are an integral part of those aspirations. At the same time, we urge all sides to refrain from violence and dedicate themselves to a peaceful resolution of the situation through dialogue,” the U.S. Ambassador said.
--- Decision allows plaintiff Khalvashi to take over Rustavi 2 management;
--- Gvaramia, Damenia replaced by Sakevarishvili, Dvali in Rustavi 2;
A judge of Tbilisi City Court has ordered as an interim injunction in ownership dispute over Rustavi 2 TV to appoint  temporary administrators replacing broadcaster’s current director general Nika Gvaramia and chief financial officer Kakha Damenia.
The decision means that Kibar Khalvashi, ex-owner of Rustavi 2 TV who tries to reclaim shares in the broadcaster, gains authorization from the court to take over management of the TV channel even though ownership remains under its current shareholders as litigation over ownership dispute has not yet exhausted all the avenues of appeal.
Condemning court’s decision as illegal, Nika Gvaramia said that he is not going to obey the ruling.
“I am not going to leave this building, come and expel me with use of force,” Gvaramia said in a live televised address from Rustavi 2 headquarters after midnight on Friday. “We are not going to leave this TV channel on our own will.” ...
The U.S. will continue to closely monitor appeals process in Rustavi 2 TV ownership dispute in court, Department of State spokesperson, John Kirby, said.
He also said when asked at a daily briefing on November 4 about the Rustavi 2 TV case that the U.S. Deputy Secretary of State Antony Blinken raised the media freedom at the U.S.-Georgia Strategic Partnership Commission plenary session on November 2 in Washington, and added that the U.S. will continue bringing this issue up “repeatedly”.
A judge of Tbilisi City Court ruled on November 3 in favor of Kibar Khalvashi, a former owner of Rustavi 2 TV, who wants to reclaim his shares in the broadcaster. Lawyers representing current majority shareholders of Rustavi 2 TV will appeal the verdict.
“We’ve been closely observing the deliberations in this particular case,” Kirby said. “We will continue to monitor developments in any appeals process in the future following this initial ruling by the Tbilisi City Court.”
“Recognizing the considerable public interest in this case, the United States welcomes the calm and restraint of all parties’ reactions to the initial ruling,” he said.
“Freedom of the media and independence of the judiciary are essential foundations of any democracy, and in particular remain critical to Georgia’s successful Euro-Atlantic integration. And again, this was discussed at the plenary session Monday, and I think you can fully expect that it will continue to be something we raise repeatedly,” he added.
PM Irakli Garibashvili called for refraining from “dramatizing and politicizing” court dispute over Rustavi 2 TV ownership.
In remarks made after the Tbilisi City Court ruled in favor of Rustavi 2 TV ex-owner Kibar Khalvashi, who seeks to reclaim onwership of the broadcaster, the PM told Georgian TV reporters in Tallinn, Estonia, where he pays a two-day visit, that it is not interesting for him who will be the owner of Rustavi 2 TV. ...
A judge of Tbilisi City Court ruled on Tuesday in favor of Kibar Khalvashi, a former owner of Rustavi 2 TV, who sought reclaiming his shares in the broadcaster through a lawsuit filed in early August.
A lawyer representing respondents, current majority shareholders of Rustavi 2 TV, Zaza Bibilashvili, said that the verdict will be appealed.
It may take about four or six weeks before the ruling goes to the Court of Appeals, Bibilashvili said.
The appellate court’s decision can also be appealed, if the parties in the case decide so, and the final decision, before the verdict is enforced, will be up to the Supreme Court. 
--- Constitutional Court Suspends Clause on Immediate Enforcement of Verdicts in Civil Disputes
The judge, Tamaz Urtmelidze, was still reading out his verdict when lawyers of Rustavi 2 TV walked out of the courtroom in protest against the ruling.
“What happened is exactly what we were predicting – dark dictatorship of [ex-PM] Bidzina Ivanishvili has been formalized. Tamaz Urtmelidze is not a judge, he will definitely be held responsible for he did today,” said lawyer Bibilashvili, who is also a member of the opposition UNM party’s political council; he was referring to allegation that Ivanishvili and the government want to seize Rustavi 2 TV through the lawsuit filed by Khalvashi.
In a written statement released after the verdict was delivered, Kibar Khalvashi said: “What happened today is what I believed in and what I have been fighting for over the past ten years. [Ex-president] Saakashvili, who is no longer the owner of Rustavi 2 TV, has been defeated in the court… Truth has prevailed over a huge evil.”
“The court’s decision is the start of the process of restoration of justice,” he said, adding that whatever the decision of higher courts might be “I am already a victor as I proved my truth through court.”
With his ruling the judge declared contracts through which Khalvashi sold his shares in Rustavi 2 TV in the course of 2005-2006 null and void, and ordered his ownership of the broadcaster to be restored.
Khalvashi, who owned the broadcaster in 2004-2006, filed the lawsuit seeking to reclaim his shares in August. As an interim measure, the court ordered a freeze on Rustavi 2 TV assets in August, which was followed less than two months later with an additional court injunction, which froze assets of Rustavi 2 TV’s shareholder company.
The lawsuit was condemned by Rustavi 2 TV and many opposition parties, with UNM being the most vocal among them, as the government’s attempt to seize the most-watched Georgian broadcaster and a fierce critic of the government’s policies.
--- Media Advocacy Coalition’s Statement on Rustavi 2 TV Ownership Dispute
--- Rustavi 2 TV Accuses Govt of Blocking Its Funding Deal
--- Civil Society Groups on Court’s Order to Freeze Rustavi 2 TV Assets
--- Court Orders Rustavi 2 TV Asset Freeze
--- One of Ex-Owners in Court Bid to Reclaim Rustavi 2 TV
In his lawsuit, Khalvashi has claimed that he was coerced into selling the television channel by the then-leadership of the country in 2006.
As a piece of evidence, his lawyers presented a report on the valuation of Rustavi 2 TV shares in 2005-2006 through which the plaintiff claimed that the price for which he had to sell his shares were in fact far lower than actual value of the assets. Through this piece of evidence, Khalvashi tried to prove that he would not have sold the broadcaster for the stated price without having been pressured into it.
The valuation, commissioned by the plaintiff, was done by an expert from the Georgian State Forensics Bureau based on inconclusive financial data provided by the plaintiff.
The valuation was done through an asset-based approach as it was more relevant in the condition of scarce financial data, the expert, who was the only witness summoned for questioning during the proceedings, told the court on October 28.
The expert, who compiled the report in September in less than two days, also said that he had not verified authenticity of the provided data as it was not within his competence.
Lawyers representing Rustavi 2 TV and its current majority shareholders sought in vain to exclude the report as invalid evidence on the grounds that it was based on dubious and inconclusive financial data. They also argued that the report was not compiled based on the international valuation standards. The motion was rejected by the judge.
Paata Salia, a lawyer representing the plaintiff, said that the respondents failed to provide arguments to back their claims that the report was based on fake financial data and argued that the respondents also had the burden of proof to substantiate their claims.
Since the start of the court hearing in mid-September, respondents have filed multiple motions requesting judge Tamaz Urtmelidze’s recusal on the grounds of his “bias” in favor of the plaintiff and on the grounds of the government having levers to exert influence on him through criminal proceedings, which were launched against the judge’s mother in connection to a domestic incident that occurred more than a year and nine months ago.
All motions for recusal were rejected by the judge.
The judge was frequently accused by Rustavi 2 TV head, Nika Gvaramia, of being “corrupt” and a stooge of ex-PM Bidzina Ivanishvili. After the judge ordered one the court injunctions, Gvaramia said that “soil will burn under judge Urtmelidze’s feet” and “he will never find a safe haven in this country.” After one of the verbal exchanges with the judge, Gvaramia was ordered to leave the courtroom on October 19 and has not been allowed to attend the hearings since then.
“I have never had to deal with such an absurd case,” Zaza Bibilashvili, the lawyer representing the current majority shareholders of Rustavi 2 TV, told the judge in his closing arguments on November 3.
“There is nothing in this case except Khalvashi’s allegations and two pages printed out from his computer,” said Bibilashvili. “The verdict in favor of the plaintiff would be an unheard of illegality.”
Lawyers representing Rustavi 2 TV told the judge not to yield to government pressure and not to rule in favor of the plaintiff.
Paata Salia, a lawyer representing plaintiff Kibar Khalvashi, said that the respondents were trying to “politicize” the dispute throughout the court proceedings.
“This [lawsuit of Khalvashi] is not against Rustavi 2 TV, nor has it aimed at restricting media freedom or at obstructing Rustavi 2 TV operations,” Salia said. “Respondents’ arguments were politically-charged and I am not going to respond to their political statements… I don’t think the courtroom is the right place for this.”
91 percent of shares in Rustavi 2 TV, which now earns more in advertisement revenue than several of its main competitors combined, are currently owned both directly and indirectly by Levan Karamanishvili and Giorgi Karamanishvili – little-known figures to the wider public in Georgia who are believed to be close associates of former President Mikheil Saakashvili.
Since 2004, Rustavi 2 TV has changed hands multiple times and most of those changes in its ownership structure were intertwined with politics, creating a complex web of controversial deals and a multitude of former owners of which Khalvashi is not the only one who now wants to reclaim the broadcaster. As the channel was passing from one owner to another, every new shareholder was either an ally of then president Mikheil Saakashvili or an offshore firm with beneficiary owners unknown.
Respondents also argue that the current owners of 91 percent shares of Rustavi 2 TV – Levan and Giorgi Karamanishvili, are bona fide holders of the broadcaster. Khalvashi claimed that Saakashvili controls the broadcaster through Giorgi and Levan Karamanishvili, who, he says, are nominal shareholders.
Khalvashi’s lawyer Paata Salia said that the respondents failed to present any evidence, except of printouts from publicly registry of ownership structure, to prove that the current owners are bona fide shareholders.
Rustavi 2 TV lawyers wanted to involve in the litigation as a third party previous shareholders of the Rustavi 2 from which current owners bought shares, but the motion was rejected by the judge.
In his lawsuit Khalvashi also claimed copyright ownership of Rustavi 2 TV logo and several shows the broadcaster was producing at the time when he owned the channel. He was demanding USD 500,000 in compensation for what he claimed was copyright infringements and in addition over USD 18.3 million in reimbursement of lost profit. These claims by Khalvashi were rejected by the judge. Khalvashi’s lawyer said that his client will decide whether to appeal or not this part of the verdict after they receive justification of court’s decision.
Leader of UNM minority group in the Parliament, MP Davit Bakradze, said that the opposition party will keep on its struggle for media freedom in Georgia, which, he said, is now under danger because the government wants to take over Rustavi 2 TV. ...
Head of Rustavi 2 TV, Nika Gvaramia, has called on viewers through a live televised address to rally outside the broadcaster’s headquarters on Thursday, when the Tbilisi City Court continues hearing of a lawsuit filed by Rustavi 2’s former co-owner, Kibar Khalvashi, who tries to reclaim his shares in the television channel. ...
Commenting on series of attacks on offices of opposition UNM party last week, PM Irakli Garibashvili called on Wednesday for “holding back emotions” and keeping “calm”.
A week ago he said that UNM is a “criminal organization”, which has “no right to remain in politics” and “aggression” against the party is “natural” after 2011 videos of sexual abuse of detainees by law enforcement officers were leaked in public domain. Remarks, which came following attacks on UNM offices by pro-government groups in up to twenty locations across the country last week, were condemned by the opposition and civil society groups as “violence-inciting” and “aggressive rhetoric.” Ex-PM Bidzina Ivanishvili said on October 24 that he too “disliked” Garibashvili’s remarks, describing them as “excessively emotional”.
Speaking at a government session on October 28, the PM said: “Of course those videos cause outrage… but I want to appeal to the public and request to maximally maintain calm. Securing stability is in our interest, therefore I ask you to hold back emotions; I call on everyone for calm.”
“Our state is now stronger than it was three years ago, we will not allow any kind of provocation, but I call for maximum restraint and request the youths, involved in protests following the release of those videos, to show restraint and keep calm,” the PM said.
He then asked Interior Minister Giorgi Mgebrishvili if the investigation was underway “in connection to raids on offices” of UNM. The Interior Minister responded: “Not a single case was left without our reaction.”
The Interior Minister said that probe was launched under the code of administrative offenses in connection to 22 cases related to incidents at UNM offices and three people were detained, who were then released after being fined. The Interior Minister also said that criminal investigation was ongoing into three cases.
At the same government session the PM also spoke about Rustavi 2 TV case and again denied allegations that the government is trying to take over the broadcaster through Kibar Khalvashi, a former owner of the Rustavi 2 TV, whose lawsuit to reclaim shares in the television station is now being adjudicated in the Tbilisi City Court.
 “Of course I would not share criticism or notion that the government is somehow involved in the process related to Rustavi 2 TV,” Garibashvili said.
He said that it would be irrational for the government to do it. “It is possible to open a new television channel within 10 days… without any barriers,” the PM said.
“So neither Rustavi 2 TV nor UNM and anyone else within the country and outside should worry that we will create any kind of barriers to any television channel or that we will harm media environment,” Garibashvili said.
“Not a single normal, sensible person would see any rational basis for our government to have a desire [to take over Rustavi 2] in the condition when we simplified to such extent procedures for opening a television channel… If we assume theoretically that someone in our government wants to seize or shut down Rustavi 2, what’s the point in such move? ‘Rustavi 5’ can be simply opened tomorrow,” he said, suggesting that even if Rustavi 2 TV ownership is changed, the current owners can open a new TV channel under a similar name.
“We will help them, because it is in our interests to have as many television stations as possible,” he said.
“I want to state it firmly on behalf of our government, that we will do everything in order not to ever restrict functioning of media outlets… regardless of whether we agree or not, whether we like or not biased coverage by the television stations,” the PM said.
He said that for past three years, before going to court, Khalvashi, who now tries to reclaim Rustavi 2 TV, was “trying in vain to find justice and to restore his rights” by filing application to the prosecutor’s office demanding investigation into his claims that he was coerced into selling of the broadcaster in 2006 by then leadership of the country. Garibashvili said that the prosecutor’s office deliberately refused to investigate because the government has never wanted to interfere in “sensitive” cases related to media.
“I cannot accept criticism towards our government that we are involved in Rustavi 2 TV court proceedings. The court should be able to take impartial decision independently and everyone should obey this decision whether we like it or not,” he said.
“I want to call on everyone – politicians, president, government, parliament – to keep correctness in respect of the judiciary… Making calls in address of a judge about what kind of decision to take is inadmissible, that’s not our business,” the PM said.
He also said that the government “appreciates” statements made by Georgia’s western partners. “It is interesting for us to hear healthy criticism, but not undeserved criticism,” the PM said.
“We cannot accept undeserved criticism neither from our friends and partners nor especially from enemies. We are committed to improving what we have already achieved over the past three years, but it has to be appreciated and properly assessed,” Garibashvili said.
A group of civil society organizations have condemned PM Irakli Garibashvili’s October 22 statement which, they said, amounted to condoning violence amid series of attacks on offices of opposition UNM party in up to twenty towns across the country.
In a joint statement ten human rights monitoring, legal advocacy and think-tank organizations have called on the authorities “to immediately eradicate violent actions” and “refrain from aggressive rhetoric.”
Pro-government groups held this week series of rallies outside offices of UNM party in various towns during which, in some places, UNM offices’ doors were nailed or welded shut and in some locations offices were graffitied or red paints thrown at them and windows shattered.
Such incidents were reported from Kutaisi; Batumi; Rustavi; Zugdidi; Poti; Gori; Lanchkhuti; Ozurgeti; Chokhatauri; Akhaltsikhe; Aspindza; Keda; Shuakhevi; Tetritskaro; Sachkhere; Kharagauli; Tskaltubo; Telavi; Gurjaani. A red paint was also thrown at the Mikheil Saakashvili Presidential Library in Tbilisi.
These incidents took place after a graphic video of sexual abuse of two detainees by law enforcement officers that took place in 2011, when UNM was in power, was posted on October 17 on Ukraine-based video sharing website. The video was from the cache found by the current authorities in 2013 in Samegrelo region. 11 people were convicted, some in absentia, in connection to that case of torture of detainees. The video footage was leaked just after polls, showing sharp decline in support of GD ruling coalition, were released, prompting allegation by government opponents that the authorities leaked the video to distract public attention from unfavorable polls and to give ruling coalition politicians a reason to speak again about those crimes that were committed when UNM was in power. Pro-government groups organized outdoor screening of these graphic videos in downtown Tbilisi and Zugdidi on October 18, which was condemned by the Georgian Public Defender, civil society and rights groups. In Zugdidi the event was attended by city mayor Irakli Gogokhia of the GD ruling coalition.
PM Irakli Garibashvili, who is also the leader of the GD ruling coalition, said at a government session on October 22 that the UNM is a “criminal organization”, which has “no right to remain in politics” and “aggression” against the party is “natural” following the leak of videos of sexual abuse of detainees. Garibashvili said, referring to UNM: “They should be grateful for the fact that over the past three years people have not done to them the same what is depicted in these videos – my remarks might be rude, but they deserve it.”
“Against the backdrop of these events [attacks on UNM offices], statement made by PM [Irakli Garibashvili] on October 22 is even more alarming,” reads the statement by civil society organizations. “Such a statement from high ranking political office holder represents justification and incitement of violence, which may create threat to securing rule and order in the country.”
The statement also notes selective reaction of police on various incidents that took place recently. 
“There has not been a relevant legal response to illegal actions against the Georgian Constitutional Court members. There was either no reaction or minimal reaction to multiple cases of physical insult against UNM representatives. Meanwhile, participants of a rally in support of Rustavi 2 TV were arrested, criminal charges initiated and sent to pretrial detention,” reads the statement.
“Reaction [of law enforcement agencies] should not be selective,” it says, adding that such approach causes suspicion that the law enforcement agencies are being politicized and used for political party interests.
“Against the backdrop of tense political process, we deem it necessary the government to immediately eradicate violent actions, refrain from aggressive rhetoric and public statements that incite violence, as well as to provide for stable and calm conditions for all civil society and political groups. Public rhetoric of leadership of the law enforcement agencies and representatives of political circles should be directed towards supporting stable and pluralistic environment, where each and every violent act will be reacted appropriately,” reads the statement.
“Regrettably, sequence of recent events indicates to unified plan, which is clearly directed towards shrinking of diverse and critical public space, which is extremely alarming. It is directly fraught with the risk of civil confrontation and poses threat to multi-party democracy,” reads the statement, adding that it is the responsibility of the authorities to prevent such development.
The statement was signed by Transparency International Georgia; Georgian Young Lawyers’ Association; Human Rights Education and Monitoring Center; International Society for Fair Elections and Democracy; Georgia’s Reforms Associates; Open Society-Georgia Foundation; Civil Development Agency; Identoba; Article 42 of Constitution.
The U.S. is “concerned about any steps that might lead to the closure” of Rustavi 2 TV, State Department deputy spokesperson Mark Toner said and also added that in general the U.S. is “encouraged by Georgia’s open environment for media and civil society.”
Asked at a daily press briefing on October 22 about “a lot of pressure by the government” on Rustavi 2 TV, which is in a court battle over ownership dispute, Toner responded: “Of course, we wouldn’t comment on the legal merits of the case against Rustavi 2. We’ll let the legal process play itself out.”
“However, I would just say that the closure or potential closure of a major TV station would shrink the media space in Georgia significantly, and that’s a cause for concern. We take seriously any actions that would give the appearance of compromising media pluralism,” Toner said.
He said that the U.S. ambassador in Tbilisi, Ian Kelly, has discussed the issue with the Georgian President Giorgi Margvelashvili and Prime Minister Irakli Garibashvili.
“And we actually commend… [President] Margvelashvili’s call for a calm debate regarding this issue,” Toner said, apparently referring to President’s statement made on October 22 in which he criticized remarks by PM Garibashvili for adding tension to already difficult situation.
“We, the U.S. government, have frequently praised Georgia’s open media environment. It’s been recognized internationally as a model for the region, and we believe that one of a democratic government’s priorities should be the protection of citizens’ liberty, which depends on access to free and unfettered media,” he said.
 “So in general, I mean, we’re encouraged by Georgia’s open environment for media and civil society. The government has also enacted many reforms, particularly those that increase checks and balances. And we’re also encouraged by recent legislation regarding the independence and accountability for the prosecutor’s office as well. But as I said, we’re concerned about any steps that might lead to the closure of one of the primary media outlets in – broadcast media outlets in Georgia,” the State Department’s deputy spokesperson said.
U.S. ambassador to Georgia, Ian Kelly, also reiterated on October 22 that the U.S. supports media pluralism in Georgia and “our big concern is:  we don’t want to see any restriction of the media space here.”
Asked about statements made by PM Garibashvili and then by President Margvelashvili, the U.S. ambassador told journalists: “I have seen some good comments today, too, calling for a dialogue and calling for calm. We have seen that from President Margvelashvili, we have seen that from other Georgian officials as well, such as the Speaker of Parliament – I think a very good call for a dialogue.”
“In general I think what our friends here in Georgia need is to have a dialogue,” Ambassador Kelly said in Batumi, where he attended a reception on the U.S. warship, USS Porter, which made a port visit to Georgia’s Black Sea port on October 20-23.
Chairman of the Constitutional Court, Giorgi Papuashvili, said that the law enforcement agencies are turning a blind eye on multiple cases of “unlawful conduct” against the Court, which poses threat to its proper functioning.
In a written appeal to President Giorgi Margvelashvili; PM Irakli Garibashvili and Parliament Speaker Davit Usupashvili, Papuashvili complains over failure of the law enforcement agencies to react on protest rallies held outside the Court and private residences of judges during which “intimidating statements and threats” against the Court members were voiced.
Constitutional Court Chair Speaks of ‘Pressure’
Venice Commission President on ‘Undue Pressure’ on Georgian Constitutional Court 
Last month pro-government groups held a series of rallies outside private residences of Constitutional Court chairman in Tbilisi and Batumi, condemning the Constitutional Court’s September 16 decision, which allowed ex-mayor of Tbilisi and UNM opposition party leader to be released from 14-month pre-trial detention. Protesters were calling Papuashvili a “friend” of UNM, some holding posters calling him UNM’s “slave” and accusing the Constitutional Court of taking an “anti-state” decision. Tomatoes and eggs were also thrown at Papuashvili’s home in Batumi.
In his appeal, which was released on October 21, Papuashvili also recalls several other similar rallies held outside the Constitutional Court in Batumi earlier this year and last year during which, Papuashvili said, intimidating and threatening statements were made towards him, his family members, and the Court.
“Such acts endanger the safety of judges of the Constitutional Court and their family members,” Papuashvili says in the letter, adding that such “unlawful activities” have recently become “even more organized, coordinated and permanent.”
Under the Georgian legislation, the holding of a protest outside the residency of a judge is an administrative offense. The Georgian code of administrative offenses says that the “blocking of entrance of a court, holding of manifestation or rally at the home of a judge or in common courts will result in an administrative imprisonment for up to 15 days.” Voicing threats against judges is a criminal offense punishable either with fine or with up to three years in jail, according to the Georgian criminal code.
The appeal also says that “the law enforcement authorities have not informed the Court about the results of their activity nor taken actual measures in this regard, which shows their utmost disrespect towards the Constitutional Court as well as a violation of their duty to act as prescribed by law to respond to the unlawful conducts towards the Court.”
“The indifference of the law enforcement authorities and no reaction from high state bodies towards the unlawful conducts against the Constitutional Court of Georgia makes the impression that the state violates its obligation, prescribed by the law, to secure protection of independence of judges, furthermore it prevents the functioning of the Constitutional Court of Georgia in a safe environment and jeopardizes implementation of constitutional justice in Georgia,” reads the Constitutional Court chairman’s appeal.
NGOs do not trust the process of the promotion of judges going on in the High Council of Justice .
Seven NGOs have issued a statement.
"The process is connected to appointment of judges in forcified manner without competition. The latest developments in the Council raise questions about the goals and motives of the decisions taken by its the members and creates lack of trust to these processes in the society . "- says the statement.
Civil society representatives said that the promotion of judges and appointment procedure should be clearly outlined and only then should enter into force.
A pro-government group in Lanchkhuti, town in Guria region in western Georgia, brought on Wednesday a small welding machine at the local office of opposition UNM party and welded its door shut.
 Local media outlet, Guriis Moambe, reported that the police was at the scene during the incident, but did not intervene and no one was detained.
It also reported that local municipality employees were among the protesters outside the opposition party’s office.
It was the latest in series of incidents that took place against UNM local offices in several towns this week, among them in Kutaisi, Batumi, Gori, Akhaltsikhe, Ozurgeti, Gurjaani, Telavi, Tetritskaro, Poti and Rustavi.
In what appeared to be coordinated rallies in different locations across the country on October 19-20, pro-government groups, among them employees of local self-governance bodies, marched at UNM’s local offices chanting slogans like “get out from Georgia” and leaving outside the offices posters like “Liquidated”.
In some towns, among them in Akhaltsikhe, Gori and others, doors of UNM offices were nailed shut. Minor scuffle was reported in Kutaisi where pro-government activists tried to break into the UNM’s local office and where the police intervened.  
These incidents took place after a graphic video of sexual abuse of two detainees by law enforcement officers that took place in 2011, when UNM was in power, was posted on October 17 on Ukraine-based video sharing website. The video was from the cache unearthed by the current authorities in 2013 in Samegrelo region. 11 people were convicted, some in absentia, in connection to torture of detainees.
The video footage was leaked just after polls, showing sharp decline in support of GD ruling coalition, were released, prompting allegation by government opponents that the authorities leaked the video to distract public attention from unfavorable polls and to give ruling coalition politicians a reason to speak again about those crimes that were committed when UNM was in power.
Pro-government groups organized outdoor screening of the graphic video of sexual abuse of detainees at public places in downtown Tbilisi and Zugdidi on October 18, which was condemned by the Georgian Public Defender, civil society and rights groups. In Zugdidi the event was attended by city mayor Irakli Gogokhia of the GD ruling coalition.
Noting that recent rallies at UNM offices, following the leaking of graphic video, were organized by government-affiliated groups, ten civil society organizations said in their joint statement on October 20 that “it is impossible to provide democratic development of the country through instilling additional aggression, hatred.”
The statement, joined among others by Georgian Young Lawyers’ Association, Transparency International Georgia, and International Society for Fair Elections and Democracy, also says that the political parties should not be guided by “narrow party interests, which aim at short-term effect and serve only the purpose of strengthening own position ahead of elections.”
In a separate statement, another group of civil society organizations, said that public screening of “so-called torture footage, organized with active participation of public servants, and the subsequent onset, within a few hours, of targeted attacks against the UNM, with participation of Georgian Dream activists, prove that this is all part of a unified, premeditated process of the government, which serves to dislodge the main opposition force from the political playing field in the lead-up to the elections.” 
“Such violent acts against opposition parties and their supporters are unquestionably undemocratic and illegal and create the threat of irreparable damage to both Georgia’s internal and external stability,” reads the statement by five civil society organizations, among them Georgian Democracy Initiative (GDI); Georgia’s Reforms Associates (GRASS); Media Development Foundation (MDF).

SCHLAMMSCHLACHT UND DROHUNGEN GEGEN DEN NACHRICHTENSENDER RUSTAVI 2 AUF DEM HÖHEPUNKT
Nika Gvaramia: Rustavi 2 TV CEO; Kibar Khalvashi: co-owner of the broadcaster Rustavi 2 in 2004-2006
Tamaz Urtmelidze: judge in the Rustavi 2-case; Ian Kelly: US Ambassador to Georgia
In a list of cases, discussed by the City Court are private debates connected with the private banks. According to the recordings of the court, some of these cases were discussed by the judges, who are creditors of these banks.
Tamaz Urtmelidze is one of these judges. According to the Civil Procedure Code the judge who is a party of the case or is interested in it must recuse the case.
According to Tamaz Urtmelidze"s declarations he has loans at the Bank of Georgia and Bank Republic, but he still examines the cases connected with these banks.
The Jurists do not exclude that the disciplinary liability of Tamaz Urtmelidze may be risen.
Journalists of Courier  condemn the methods chosen by the authorities against the independent media. It is said in a statement released by them.
Tamar Bagashvili unveiled the statement.
" It is a fact that they will not make Nika Gvaramia to refuse from battle for Rustavi2. His example is a kind of motivation for us, and no matter how far will go the government, whatever footages they will release, whatever rumors they will spread, we will protect freedom of speech at any cost and we fully support Nika Gvaramia,"- said Tamar Bagashvili.
A Director General of Rustavi2 made an announcement on blackmail against him, but Georgian government keeps silence and refuses to respond to journalists.
Rustavi2 correspondents tried to reach representatives of the Government’s Public Relations Department, but they don"t answer phone calls.
Eka Gagua, correspondent of Rustavi2 is waiting for the first comments in front of the Administration of the government.
The Prosecutor"s Office of Georgia has launched an invention on Rustavi 2 TV CEO Nika Gvaramia"s announcement. A Head of the Public and Media Relations Department confirmed an information inphone talk with Rustavi2.
According to  Natia Sukhiashvili, the prosecutor"s office will summon Nika Gvaramia as a witness in the shortest period and he will be questioned.
The representatives of the investigative body have already contacted Nika Gvaramia and informed him that the investigation has been launched. He was offered to arrive at the Prosecutor’s office and be testified. Nika Gvaramia asked to send him an official request.
A head of Georgia"s Reforms Associates  states that the actions of the President and the Chairman of Parliament  are insufficient.
Elene Khoshtaria calls on the  president, the chairman of parliament  and the diplomatic corps get involved in the process .
"Today, everyone must understand that our action will determine future of the country, "- said Khoshtaria. She asked the president to meet with the diplomatic corps and raise this issue. She also calls on Davit Usupashvili to get involved in the process and prevent blackmail and pressure on Rustavi2.
Rustavi2 received a scandalous document a few minutes ago. The document says that after selling Rustavi2"s shares Kibar Khalbashi bought shares of TV company "Maestro."
Kibar Khalvashi bought 50 % of Rustavi Media"s shares for 200 thousand USD from Erosi Kitsmarishvili in Paris in March of 2010.
After the deal neither Erosi Kitsmarishvili, nor Kibar Khalvashi were allowed to sell the shares.
According to the contract, Kibar Khalvashi had to invest in the company. His ownership coincides with the company"s problematic period.
Maestro had financial problems, the broadcasting was restricted.
Journalists of Rustavi2 study the documents and will release an additional information.
Kibar Khalvashi - co-owner of the broadcaster in 2004-2006 - addresses to Nika Gvaramia. " Do not dare to shut off Rustavi2,"- says Khalvashi in his announcement and underlines that the special news  bulletin of Courier was a TV-performance.
"I appeal personally to Gvaramia, who has just offered a TV-performance to the society. It is clear that you and  your political biased mates  do everything to leave the legal space and transform my legal dispute into political show, you want to give an opportunity to Mikheil Saakashvili to gain some political points.
I can not follow the imagination of Nika Gvaramia. I see a threat that Nika Gvaramia is ready to shut off Rustavi2 , dramatize the situation and   politicize the issue.
I appeal to Nika Gvaramia  - do not dare to  shut off Rustavi2! Speak whatever you want and as much as you want, I even encourage you to speak as much as possible, so the society will see ideas and desires of  which political  force you represent.  But don"t dare to shut off Rustavi2!"- is stated in an announcement.
Nika Gvaramia addresses the population and asks for help. He calls on the population to gather in front of Rustavi2 and the Court and don"t let to close Rustavi2 .
Nika Gvaramia also addresses the government and says that if his family members. co-workers, family members of his co-workers will have problems in this process, he will fight for them to defend the truth.
" Today I"m saying it because I don"t want to have a way back. Because I am the human and i don"t know what will happen to me. I"m saying it publically, I am ready for everything except of one thing-  If something will happen with my family member, or my co-worker, or a family member of my co-worker, I will  make you pay for it, wherever I reach you, without any judiciary.  Because you have chosen this standstill and you have pushed the country there.
Or you will step back and give up the media and let us to develop as professionals in a peaceful environment, or  this process will damage you and damage the country,"- said Nika Gvaramia.
Nika Gvaramia, a Director General of Rustavi2 makes a special statement. As Gvaramia says he is not going to leave the company despite blackmail and continues to fight for the independent speech.
" I think that the best way against  blackmail is to talk about it. Now we are dealing with something, that is much more important than my personal well-being  or even broadcasting of Rustavi2. Today the future of the country is at the stake. I address to the government- upload whatever  you want. I don"t care for it.  It is my personal life. If I am a victim of illegal , you will be responsible for that not in front of Urtmelidze, but in front of an independent  court .
I have not done anything in life, publication of which would be worse than my escape from Rustavi2, betrayal of my colleagues and those individuals  to whom I have responsibility, it will  be betrayl of our audience.  I will not do it despite the blackmail. 
 Whatever will be the court"s decision tomorrow, it will be illegal.   We are not going to execute it. We are going to continue broadcasting in the same format.  If someone will invade into the company violently we"ll protect ourselves by force,"-said Nika Gvaramia.
Nika Gvaramia, a Director General of Rustavi2 made a special announcement a few minutes ago. He spoke about threats against him.
" When I came to Rustavi2 there were  a lot of questions about me. I tried to answer all of them . The main question was  what I would do if the government would put pressure on the staff, I promised then  that I would defend the team  in any case . Rustavi2 is the only guarantor of democracy in the country. Unfortunately it seems that there is no longer place in the country for free media.
Today I had conversation with a person, who usually delivers the governmental messages to me. I would like to inform you on the content of this conversation.
I was informed that tomorrow the court will decide that Rustavi2 belongs to Kibar Khalvashi. Tomorrow or day after tomorrow will be released an order on immediate execution of the court"s decision. They demanded from me to move away. I told them that I will never do it.
I was told that I should not forget, that my family lives here and I was not able to sent them to the US, that they have  particular videos, which will be published, they have phone conversations, with Mikheil Saakashvili and others which will be published and I will be destroyed ,"- said Nika Gvaramia.
Thea Tsulukiani responded to the position of the US State Department. Minister Minister of Justice of Georgia claims that media is free in Georgia.
Thea Tsulukiani called upon the court to hold proceedings against Rustavi2 following transparent, reliable and timely judicial standards .
"Georgia"s government does not control the judiciary. Therefore, I would like to call on the judiciary to ensure the transparency of the process, and to complete the work as soon as possible," - the minister said.
EPP is concerned about the situation around Rustavi2 - 21.10.2015 12:06rustavi2.com
The European Peoples Party expresses its concern regarding the situation around Rustavi 2. The major political party will discuss the draft resolution in a few days.
The press release distributed for journalists, which refers to urgent draft resolutions includes a draft resolution on Georgia titled "The backsliding of Democracy in Georgia." The initiative was pesented by the Lithuanian side.
From the outset, the text refers to the broadcasting company Rustavi 2.The European People"s Party is concerned about the recent developments around Rustavi 2 and calls upon the government to be concentrated on the country"s future.
"The EPP is gravely concerned over the reports of Government-backed campaign to change ownership and editorial policy of Georgia`s most popular TV channel Rustavi2 and as well as of freedom of media in the country, including shutdown of political talk shows in the election year.
The EPP is concerned over continuation of politically-motivated prosecution of opposition leadership and pre-trial detention of Rustavi 2 supporters. We call on the government to reverse these trends and concentrate on the country"s future, "- is said in the statement.
Out of 5 points of the resolution, two are related to the broadcasting company Rustavi 2.
The draft resolution also refers to re-arrest of the former mayor, Gigi Ugulava .
The draft resolution will be discussed at the Summit of the People"s Party, which will be held in Madrid.
The US State Department spokesman, John Kirby stated at the daily briefing of the State Department in Washington that the United States were closely watching events around Rustavi 2 and the US position with regard to the freedom of media had not changed. Later, the US State Department provided additional information to Rustavi 2 correspondent in Washington on the US administration`s position regarding the case.
According to the State Department officials, the US government has frequently praised the open media environment in Georgia, which is internationally recognized as a model in the region.
"The United States Government has often praised Georgia`s open media environment, which has been recognized internationally as a model for the region. We take very seriously any actions that give the appearance of constricting the media space or compromising media pluralism. We have expressed our concerns to the Georgian government, including through Ambassador Kelly in Tbilisi who has spoken very clearly on this issue. 
One of the government`s priorities should be the protection of citizens` liberty, which depends on access to free and unfettered media. Although it may be difficult to hear criticism from opposition media, all governments should encourage the pluralism of voices, and allow those voices to compete in a free market of ideas", - stated the representative of the US State Department.
The first comment was made by the government with respect to the US State Department statement on Rustavi-2. Finance Minister said that such statements are important.
He said that the relevant government agencies should provide comprehensive information to the State Department that the government does not interfere in media activities.
"The State Department statement is very importan We, of course, will study it , but the State Department will probably be informed by the appropriate agencies that there is intervention from the government does not take place. You are working and nobody is disturbing you and will not interfere in the future, because our government priority is free media. For solving private dispute there is independent judiciary in Georgia and let it take a decision. The state can not interfere in a dispute between individuals,"- said Khaduri.
Media today is free from government influence - this is the opinion of the ruling team. The majority again speaks about private dispute between two subjects with respect to Rustavi-2 to and at the same time claim that broadcasting of the TV station should not be hindered.
According to the Georgian Dream MP, Zviad Dzidziguri, there is no threat to Rustavi 2 broadcasting .
"Let`s leave alone the court and the judge himself, let`s wait for the court`s decision; otherwise, because of the fear of losing the case, political shows are staged about the dispute around Rustavi 2. Rustavi 2 TV shoud not stop broadcasting. Broadcasting should continue and the property can be assigned to whoever, it is a matter of a business dispute , "- Zviad Dzidziguri stated.
Deputy Prime Minister, Kakha Kaladze, responded to court proceedings against Rustavi 2 and assessed the developments around the TV station as demonstration of freedom of speech .
"Pressure on the media, fight against freedom of expression this was happened in 2007, whenImedi TV" was raided by Saakashvili`s ruthless regime. The ongoing process - it is a demonstration of freedom of speech, "- said Kaladze.
Deputy Prime Minister described the current situation as a dispute between the two entities.
"It can be said that the dispute is between Saakashvili and Kibar Khalvashi. Wait for the court decision, "- said Kaladze.
Georgian Chief Prosecutor’s Office said it opened an investigation into allegations voiced by head of the Rustavi 2 TV on October 21 about receiving a threat from the government to leak a video of his personal life if he refuses to “step aside” from the television station, which is in a court battle over ownership dispute.
“The investigation has been launched under the first part of article 150 of criminal code,” a spokesperson for the prosecutor’s office told Civil.ge. “Nika Gvaramia will be summoned as a witness to testify.”
The article of the criminal code in question deals with cases of “physical or psychological coercion.”
According to the prosecutor’s office, Gvaramia is expected to appear before investigators on Thursday noon.
Rustavi 2 TV Head Accuses Govt of Blackmail 21.10.2015, civil.ge    
Head of the Rustavi 2 TV, Nika Gvaramia, claimed on Wednesday that he received a threat from the government to leak a video of his personal life if he refuses to “step aside” from the television station, the most watched Georgian broadcaster, which is in a court battle over ownership dispute.
Speaking in a live broadcast from Rustavi 2 TV studio on Wednesday evening, Gvaramia said that he was told by a person who acts as a go-between for him and government that court verdict is expected on October 22, which will order handing over broadcaster from its current owners to one of its former owners, Kibar Khalvashi.
Khalvashi, who co-owned Rustavi 2 TV in 2004-2006, filed a lawsuit in August claiming that he was forced to give up his shares in the broadcaster about nine years ago and who now wants to reclaim his shares in Rustavi 2 TV. Rustavi 2 TV claims that Khalvashi is in fact acting on behalf of the government and upon instructions of the former PM Bidzina Ivanishvili, who wants to take over the most popular and opposition-minded television channel.
Gvaramia alleged that the government conveyed a message to him according to which he should not resist enforcement of the imminent court verdict, which will be against of current owners of the Rustavi 2 TV. Gvaramia said he is not going to obey “illegal” court verdict and will resist change of ownership and current editorial policy of the broadcaster. 
“The things are developing in a way that leaves no space for free media in this country,” Gvaramia said in his televised statement during a meeting with representatives of political opposition, civil society organizations and Tbilisi-based foreign diplomatic mission.
“Today I had a conversation with a person, who usually conveys to me messages from the government, and I want to tell you here publicly about the content of this conversation,” Gvaramia said.
“I learned from this conversation that tomorrow the court will deliver a verdict, which will give ownership of the [Rustavi 2 TV] company to Kibar Khalvashi; this verdict will either on the same day or next day will be followed by a decision on an immediate enforcement of the verdict and there was a demand towards me to step aside,” he said.
“Of course I responded that I am never going to do that. In response I was told that I should not forget that my family members live here as I could not send them to the United States; I was told that I should not forget that there are certain relationships, which are recorded on video and it will be released publicly, that I should not forget that I have negotiations via phone with some people, including [former President] Mikheil Saakashvili, and these recordings will also be released and I will be personally destroyed in the eyes of my colleagues and the country,” said Gvaramia, who held senior government posts when Saakashvili was the President.
“The best way to confront blackmail is to speak out about it. Secondly, much more important value is now at stake now then my personal comfort – the future of the country and its democracy is at stake,” he said.
“I am telling the authorities: upload whatever [video] you want. I don’t care at all. My personal life is mine and it concerns no one else,” he said.
Gvaramia declined to name a person who conveyed the message; he said that the meeting took place in the Rustavi 2 TV headquarters, but he had no evidence to substantiate his allegation.
“I am stating it openly that we will not let anyone to take over Rustavi 2 because tomorrow’s verdict is a priori illegal and we are not going to enforce it,” Gvaramia said. “If there is an attempt to forcibly break into the television station, we will defend ourselves likewise with force. We are not going to give up the television station, freedom of speech and country’s democratic perspective.”
He then addressing foreign diplomats and complained that they were not straightforward enough in voicing protest over Rustavi 2 TV developments.
“It is obvious for everyone what is going on in this country, but regrettably you voice is not loud enough,” he told diplomats.
“All talks of democracy development, its future perspective, all those unclear visa liberalisation or some kind of other regimes is hypocrisy from your part. Democracy of this country is in its deepest crisis and if the international community does not pay attention to this and if it does not speak out loudly about it, Georgia will be lost for the European and Euro-Atlantic space,” Gvaramia said and added that government’s scenario of taking over Rustavi 2 TV is replicating the one that Russia’s Vladimir Putin employed during his early years of presidency against Russian television stations.
“[Ex-PM]Bidzina Ivanishvili’s role model is Vladimir Putin and therefore everything happens here like it was happening in Russia and everything will end up here just like it was in Russia and you will get Russia’s new satellite from this country,” Gvaramia told diplomats.
Addressing political parties, Gvaramia said that they should understand “there will be no free elections without Rustavi 2 TV.”
He also called on the viewers to rally outside the Tbilisi City Court building in support of Rustavi 2 TV on October 22, when the court hearing is expected to continue.
Nanuka Jorjoliani recalled the details of the meeting in Kibar Khalvashi"s house and sais that Khalvashi collapsed the TV business and then exchanged it for other business .
For Zhorzholiani it in incomprehesible if the Khalvashi could not stand the pressure then , how he would stand up to it today.
The US State Department is closely watching the developments around the Rustavi-2. 
The statement was made by the US State Department spokesman, John Kirby . 
"We have discussed this topic and expressed our position on freedom of the media. This position has not changed. I say again, that we are closely following the process," - said Kirby.
Shalva Natelashvili reaffirms his support for Rustavi 2 and calls on the government to stop the fight against the free media.
"If Rustavi 2 is closed, people will come out in the street and, probably,the elections will be held at another time, in another mode, and other formats, which is not desirable . It is desirable that the authorities refuse to fight televisions , to stone their opponents and thus save their own skin.
Courier"s main news anchor and Deputy Director General of the channel, Zaal Udumashvili, recalled 2006 when Kibar Khalvashi came to Rustvi 2.
"Rustavi 2`s popularity was at its peak, and during that period the first and serious disruption began. Channel collapsed and had 3% rating . People hated the channel. It took years for the channel to recover . Today Rustavi 2`s the popularity is again at the peak and Khalvashi is coming here again. This is a very important signal. I am sure that those of us who are here will not allow that what happened in 2006 to happen again, "- said Zaal Udumashvili.
"This TV is very oppressed . It is a top-rated channel in Georgia and the Georgian government intends to shut it down," - so began the meeting with the US Congressmen the Labor Party leader, Shalva Natelashvili.
Shalva Natelashvili even ntroducedRustavi2 crew to Congressmen.
As Shalva Natelashvili says, he openly speaks at his meetings in America about the government`s intention to shut down Rustavi 2.
The US Ambassador to Georgia responded once again to the ongoing processes around Rustavi-2.
Ian Kelly said that any action, which would restrict the media environment will cause concern of the United States.
"Our vision on this issue is well-known and clear. Any action directed at restriction of the media environment will cause our concerns.
"The government knows about it, because we have discussed this topic.
"I hope that the events will develop in a way which will ensure media pluralism as well as  the dialogue between the political parties and the government," - said US Ambassador to Georgia, Ian Kelly.
President makes another statement on Rustavi 2 - 20.10.2015 20:52rustavi2.com
"After returning to Georgia I will actively get involved in the consideration of events around Rustavi 2," - commented the President on the court proceedings against broadcasters from Israel.
The Public Defender also assessed the court"s decision today, saying that the seizure of Rustavi 2 property was pointless.
"Georgia is a democratic country and will become even a stronger democry when the diversity of the media is guaranteed. Whether it is Rustavi 2 or other media. The country is focused on building political system based on European values."
"In this light, the diversity of media is the most important in the pre-election period. After returning to Georgia, I will get involved in the consideration of events around Rustavi 2," - Margvelashvili said.
Georgian Young Lawyers Association (GYLA) members believe that Tamaz Urtmelidze should recuse the case of Rustavi2. As Ana Natsvlishvili stated, there is a logical suspicion that the judge is biased and the Office of Prosecutor pressures him.
Non-governmental organization representatives commented on the video of torture and sexual abuse. As they suggest, the footage was released because of government"s interests.
The Minister of Education responded to yesterday`s court proceedings against Rustavi 2.
Tamar Sanikidze believes that politicians`assessments would give wrong direction to this issue .
"Any assessments ,and especially made by politicians, could influence in the wrong direction all the processes that are going on in court. The most important thing that we could do at this point, is to stay outside and allow the court to manage the processes established by the law, "- said Tamar Sanikidze.
In regards to Rustavi 2 case, the ruling team categorically rules out the pressure on the judge"s decision and flatly states that this is a private dispute between two subjects.
The governing coalition stressed that the closure of Rustavi2 would not happen under any circumstances.
"It would be good if the court found out the identity of the owner and not the policy of the channel, etc. The channel will remain on air. Who will close the most popular television station? Whether we like it or not, is another matter, "- said Levan Berdzenishvili.
The Public Defender refrains from assessing yesterday"s trial against Rustavi 2 , but Ucha Nanuashvili said that the seizure of the company`s assets was a mistake.
The Public Defender said his office had immediately expressed his attitude towards the incident that occurred in August. Ucha Nanuashvili, highlighted the importance of transparency in the judicial process.
"It is important that any process that is going around Rustavi 2 be as transparent as possible and not create any danger for the freedom and the work of the media," - said Nanuashvili.
According to him, the Ombudsman"s Office is monitoring the developments and will react to any procedural violations.
According to Judge Tamaz Urtmelidze`s decision, the hearing on Rustavi 2 case will be renewed on October 22. The process is expected to resume on Thursday at 10 a.m. with the questioning of the only witness.
We are talking about the plaintiff"s expert, who established the market value of Kibar Khalvashi`s shares at the time of purchase. Rustavi 2"s lawyers did not rule out the possibility that the judgeI will declare the verdict on 22 October.
Kibar Khalvashi"s lawyer said that they had enough arguments to win the dispute . Rustavi 2"s lawyers said that the judge`s actions did not fit within any framework, and was beyond the legal space.
"Rustavi 2 and its current owners`s case is absolutely solid legally . We would have proved the truth. What the judge did does not fit within any framework. It was a formality, in which we were forced to take part. I have no doubt that the people who are committing a criminal offense today , shall be liable for it , and Rustavi 2 will maintain the freedom, "- said the attorney Zaza Bibilashvili.
Yesterday"s trial lasted for 7 hours. Rustavi 2"s lawyers applied with motions several times, but none of them was satisfied.
...
A screengrab from TV footage showing Rustavi 2 TV CEO Nika Gvaramia, wearing a t-shirt with broadcaster’s logo and inscription reading “defend freedom”, speaks to Tbilisi City Court judge Tamaz Urtmelidze on October 19, 2015.
A Tbilisi City Court judge refused on Monday to recuse himself from Rustavi 2 TV ownership dispute case after respondents argued the judge was biased in favor of a plaintiff.
Meanwhile outside the Tbilisi City Court hundreds of people were gathered in support of the Rustavi 2 saying that the government wants to silence the opposition-minded broadcaster.
Motion for recusal of the judge Tamaz Urtmelidze was filed by Rustavi 2 TV lawyers and was opposed by legal representatives of the plaintiff Kibar Khalvashi, who co-owned the broadcaster in 2004-2006 and who is now trying to reclaim his shares in Rustavi 2 TV through his lawsuit.
The respondent’s motion for recusal of the judge was based mostly on two main arguments.
The one was a criminal case that was filed just recently against judge Tamaz Urtmelidze’s mother.
Another one was several negative comments posted by judge’s wife on her Facebook account about Rustavi 2 TV and its chief executive Nika Gvaramia, before and also after the court dispute over the ownership of the broadcaster was launched.
Rustavi 2 TV, which claims that Khalvashi is in fact acting on behalf of the government and upon instructions of the former PM Bidzina Ivanishvili, alleges that the government can exert influence over the judge Urtmelidze over the criminal case that was filed against her mother.
On October 12 prosecutor’s office filed criminal charges against mother of judge Urtmelidze in connection to a domestic incident that occurred a year and nine months ago. The timing of these criminal charges, involving inflicting minor bodily injuries to her son-in-law, prompted allegations that the authorities want to exert pressure on the judge using possible prosecution of his mother.
Prosecutor’s office denied allegation and said that initiating criminal charges in sensitive cases of domestic incidents more than a year later is a standard procedure as parties involved are given time for out-of-court settlement.
During hearing of the motion, Rustavi 2 TV chief executive, Nika Gvaramia, told the judge: “I do not respect you personally.”
“This company [Rustavi 2 TV] is in danger because of you,” Gvaramia told the judge, who responded by telling Rustavi 2 TV CEO to keep “corrections”.
“I regret that I supported your appointment as a judge,” Gvaramia continued, apparently referring to the fact that as UNM lawmaker in 2004-2007, he also served as a member of the High Council of Justice.
“My vote in favor of you was decisive. That’s one of the most ironic and cynical mistakes in my life,” Gvaramia told the judge.
Khalvashi’s lawyer, Paata Salia, told the judge that respondent’s motion for recusal was “groundless” and “absurd”, which, he said, was failing to substantiate that there was reasonable suspicion over judge’s impartiality.
 Announcing the decision, judge Urtmelidze said: “The motion asking for judge’s recusal is not accepted.”
On his wife’s negative Facebook posts on Rustavi 2 TV, judge Urtmelidze said that those were “private comments” in reaction to Gvaramia’s statements about him in which Rustavi 2 TV chief executive was accusing Urtmelidze of being “corrupt”, as well as reaction to Gvaramia’s threats in which he was saying that “soil will burn under judge Urtmelidze’s feet.”
“Those remarks [in Facebook posts by the wife] were not agreed with me and I do not share them,” judge Urtmelidze said. “The spouse is not a judge.”
On the second argument over criminal case against his mother, the judge said that formally his mother, Mdinara Giorgobiani, “is not considered to be my family member,” prompting laughter among Rustavi 2 TV supporters in the courtroom.
“I was distanced from this legal proceeding from the very beginning,” judge Urtmelidze continued. “I have not even been interested in this case.”
The judge suggested that there is an “attempted pressure” on him from the side of the respondents and his recusal would amount to yielding pressure.
“The ongoing campaign against the judge by the respondent [Rustavi 2 TV and its current owners] requires maximum patience and firmness from the judge, who has to deliver verdict into the case independently and impartially despite of possible unpleasant circumstances. Recusing the judge amid attempted pressure, which has a nature of campaign, will undermine public confidence towards the judiciary, because [recusal of the judge] in such circumstances will prompt any party to carry out further campaign against a judge for the purpose of recusal,” judge Urtmelidze said.
The court hearing continued by discussing other motions filed by the parties.
At one point during the hearing, Rustavi 2 TV CEO Gvaramia engaged in verbal exchange with the judge and the latter ordered him to leave the courtroom.
Commenting on Rustavi 2 TV’s intention to demand judge Urtmelidze’s recusal, vice speaker of the Parliament from GD ruling coalition, Manana Kobakhidze, said on October 14 that the judge should “withstand such attacks” and should not recuse himself. “If he fails to withstand, then he should recuse not only from this case, but should completely distance from the judiciary,” she said.
Rustavi 2 TV was providing live coverage of developments in the courtroom and outside the court building, where hundreds of people were gathered in support of the broadcaster, who say that they would defend Rustavi 2 TV.
Opposition politicians were also among the participants of the rally, including from UNM and Free Democrats parliamentary opposition parties.
Parliament voted down on October 16 a draft statement tabled by opposition UNM party, expressing “concern over government pressure” on Rustavi 2 TV.
Speaking on behalf of his party on October 17, a senior UNM lawmaker, Giorgi Gabashvili, said that “seizure” of Rustavi 2 TV by the government will result into “permanent protest rallies”, which will also include “picketing of government buildings.”
“If [ex-PM Bidzina Ivanishvili] decides to eventually destroy Rustavi 2 TV, we will force the authorities to retreat through protest,” UNM MP Gabashvili said on October 17.
Parliament voted down on Friday a draft statement tabled by opposition UNM party, expressing “concern over government pressure” on Tbilisi-based private broadcaster, Rustavi 2 TV, which is in a court battle over ownership dispute.
“Obviously coordinated actions by the executive and judicial branches of the government against Rustavi 2 TV pose threat to the existence of [the broadcaster], hugely damage media pluralism and freedom of expression and, consequently, country’s Euro-Atlantic integration,” reads the statement, which was rejected by the Georgian Dream parliamentary majority group.
Parliamentary debates over the proposed text, which started on October 15 and continued for a second day on October 16, were aired live by the Rustavi 2 TV. Lawmakers from the Free Democrats opposition party were not present at the debates.
U.S. ‘Expresses Concerns to Georgian Govt’ Over Rustavi 2 TV Case 
President: Recent Developments in Georgian Media ‘Triggers Serious Questions’
Media Advocacy Coalition’s Statement on Rustavi 2 TV Ownership Dispute 
Rustavi 2 TV Accuses Govt of Blocking Its Funding Deal
One of Ex-Owners in Court Bid to Reclaim Rustavi 2 TV 
Court Orders Rustavi 2 TV Asset Freeze 
Civil Society Groups on Court’s Order to Freeze Rustavi 2 TV Assets
During the debates UNM lawmakers claimed that a lawsuit by Rustavi 2 TV’s one of the former co-owners, Kibar Khalvashi, who wants to reclaim his shares in the broadcaster, is in fact an attempt by ex-PM Bidzina Ivanishvili and the current government to take over the opposition-minded television station. They were describing Khalvashi as Ivanishvili’s “puppet” and “stooge”. 
 UNM lawmakers say that “taking over” of Rustavi 2 TV by the government would “de-legitimize” parliamentary elections, scheduled for October, 2016.
“By refusing to adopt this statement the parliamentary majority assumes responsibility for developments that will take place if political process losses legitimacy in the lead up to next year’s parliamentary elections,” a senior UNM lawmaker, Giorgi Gabashvili said. “[Adoption] of this statement would have signaled that at least the parliament is not part of government-orchestrated attack on Rustavi 2 TV.”
UNM MP Giorgi Gviniashvili said during the debates: “I am confident that there are people within you [the GD parliamentary majority group], who understand the threat [Rustavi 2 TV is facing], but fail to confront Bidzina Ivanishvili, who wants to silence Rustavi 2 TV.”
The opposition lawmakers were also claiming that judge Tamaz Urtmelidze, who is adjudicating the court dispute, is under the government’s control.
On October 12 prosecutor’s office filed criminal charges against mother of judge Urtmelidze in connection to a domestic incident that occurred a year and nine months ago.
Rustavi 2 TV and UNM claim that timing of initiating criminal charges, which comes after ownership dispute case was assigned to Urtmelidze, suggests that the authorities want to exert pressure on the judge using possible prosecution of his mother.
Prosecutor’s office denied allegation and said that initiating criminal charges in sensitive cases of domestic incidents more than a year later is a standard procedure as parties involved are given time for out-of-court settlement.
Echoing government’s position, during the debates, lawmakers from the GD ruling coalition were denying any involvement in the Rustavi 2 TV case, saying that the dispute is between the private entities; they were saying that Khalvashi, who owned the broadcaster in 2004-2006, had the right to file a lawsuit if he believes his property rights were infringed and it would be pressure on the judiciary if the Parliament adopts a statement about ongoing court dispute.
GD MP Pati Khalvashi, who is a sister of Kibar Khalvashi, said that his brother had to flee to Germany, where he was granted asylum, because he was “prosecuted for political reasons” and his businesses raided when UNM was in power. She said that UNM lawmakers were trying to mislead the public while claiming that her brother took legal actions to reclaim the broadcaster only recently, adding that Khalvashi first filed complaint with the prosecutor’s office about eight years ago, but his claims about being forced to give up Rustavi 2 TV shares have never been investigated.
During the debates the GD lawmakers were also criticizing Rustavi 2 TV as UNM’s “mouthpiece”, but were also saying that they would also come in defense of the broadcaster if it faces threat.
“The party of executioners, which raided Imedi TV [in November, 2007] is now speaking about media freedom,” GD MP Nukri Kantaria said of UNM.
“This farce that we are seeing here is like wolves speaking about the rights of sheep,” he said, adding that this fuss over Rustavi 2 TV aims at preparing ground for street protests as UNM has no chance of returning back into power through elections.
“The only option left for your bosses in Ukraine [referring to ex-President Mikheil Saakashvili who is now governor of Odessa region in Ukraine] is a sniper, a terrorist act to liquidate Bidzina Ivanishvili… to trigger a chaos in the country and use that chaos for taking power as you have no chance whatsoever [to come into power] through constitutional means,” he said.
“We [GD] gave back free choice to the people, which had been taken by you [referring to UNM], and no one will be able to take this free choice away from the people anymore; those who will go beyond constitutional order, no matter who they are, will suffer broken legs and hands, and their teeth will also be broken with the use of law, with the use of even the most lenient laws… You won’t be able to trigger turmoil,” MP Kantaria added.
In his speech, another GD MP Zakaria Kutsnashvili distanced himself from MP Kantaria’s remarks, saying that “no one has the right to threaten others in the name of law.”
UNM’s Gabashvili responded that GD and its government are “completely bankrupt and resort to open threats.”
Demonstration in solidarity of Rustavi215.10.2015 20:03rustavi2.com
A demonstration under the slogan " Solidarity to Rustavi2" was held in Strasbourg.  Georgian immigrants have gathered in front of the building of the Council of Europe demanding to protect freedom of speech in Georgia.
The demonstrators also protested against the detainment of the former officials and demanded their release.
U.S. Department of State said that it takes seriously developments over Tbilisi-based Rustavi 2 TV and actions that give the appearance of constricting media freedom is “disturbing.”
Rustavi 2 TV said on October 1 that a new court injunction in an ongoing ownership dispute, has effectively cut off a USD 6 million lifeline investment needed for sustaining broadcaster’s smooth operations. Rustavi 2 TV claims that a lawsuit by one of its former co-owners and consequent asset freeze – ordered by the court at first in respect of Rustavi 2 TV itself and then in respect of broadcaster’s majority shareholder company – is government orchestrated move aimed at taking over the opposition-minded television station.
 Responding a question from Rustavi 2 TV journalist about, as he put it, the Georgian government “openly attacking” the TV station, State Department deputy spokesperson Mark Toner said during a daily press briefing on October 6: “We’re closely following the developments that you mentioned. I think we urge that any legal proceedings involving a media outlet, regardless of where but certainly in Georgia, be conducted at the highest standards of judicial due process and with respect for freedom of expression.”
“More broadly, over the past several years, the United States government and the international community have praised Georgia’s free and pluralistic media environment which has been recognized internationally as a model for the region,” he said.
“So actions that give the appearance of constricting that environment, constricting media freedoms or compromising that media pluralism, are, frankly, disturbing, and especially in the lead-up to parliamentary elections. So we therefore, we do take it seriously and we’re watching it,” 
 Asked to specify if the case in question is “disturbing”, Toner responded: “Yes.”
About dozen of civil society and media organizations, united in Coalition for Media Advocacy, said in a joint statement that there are number of indications suggesting possible government meddling in ongoing ownership dispute over Rustavi 2 TV.
“Although dispute over Rustavi 2 TV shares is a private law case that formally excludes direct involvement of the state in it, there are a number of circumstances, which cause serious suspicion about government’s influence on the ongoing process, including multiple statements (in some cases even threats) made by senior officials about Rustavi 2 TV, intolerance and attempts by the authorities to suppress dissent, critical views, as well as recent developments in media (simultaneous, unexpected closure of political talk shows in suspicious circumstances on various national broadcasters),” reads the statement.
The coalition includes, among others, Georgian Young Lawyers’ Association; Institute for Development of Freedom of Information (IDFI); Open Society Georgia Foundation; Civic Development Institute; Georgian Regional Media Association; Georgian Charter of Journalistic Ethics; Georgian Association of Regional Broadcasters.
“It is a fact that an injective measure applied by court, creates serious financial difficulties for the TV company, which may soon face deep financial crisis – such a development will at least hamper its day-to-day operations and call the existence of dissent, critical opinions in media into question,” the statement reads. 
 “In this difficult situation the judiciary carries special role and responsibility, which should ensure independent and unbiased settlement of the dispute and at the same time take into consideration and protect high public interest that accompanies the ongoing legal dispute.”
 “We believe that the court should use all the legal means at its disposal that will help to adjudicate the ongoing dispute over Rustavi 2 TV shares in a way that will not cause suspension of the broadcaster’s operations and/or restriction of its editorial independence,” it says.
A screengrab from Rustavi 2 TV footage showing broadcasters’ staff outside its headquarters in Tbilisi, October 1, 2015.
Georgia’s most-watched broadcaster, Rustavi 2 TV, which is locked in a court battle over ownership dispute, said on October 1 that new “government-orchestrated” move against the station is cutting off a USD 6 million lifeline investment needed for sustaining its operations.
A new development in the ongoing ownership dispute has also embroiled the Justice Ministry’s National Agency of Public Registry (NAPR) in a controversy after the agency was accused of being involved in an alleged attempt by the government to take over the opposition-minded television station.
 “Do not be deceived by what you see now on TV screen. The fact that we are now broadcasting does not mean that the government is not doing everything in order to cease our broadcasts,” said Rustavi 2 TV CEO Nika Gvaramia in a televised address, standing alongside with dozens of company employees outside its headquarters in Tbilisi.
“Today we are as close to ceasing broadcasts as never before,” he said.
“I promise to the government that before Rustavi 2 TV is closed down, it will be you [the government] who will be shut down,” said Gvaramia, who held senior government posts till late 2009 in ex-President Mikheil Saakashvili’s administration. He has also appealed viewers to donate money to Rustavi 2 TV.
One of Ex-Owners in Court Bid to Reclaim Rustavi 2 TV 
Court Orders Rustavi 2 TV Asset Freeze 
Civil Society Groups on Court’s Order to Freeze Rustavi 2 TV Assets
The court dispute over ownership of Rustavi 2 TV, which has changed hands for multiple times since 2004, started in early August, when Kibar Khalvashi, co-owner of the broadcaster in 2004-2006, filed a civil lawsuit in the Tbilisi City Court seeking to claim back his shares.
As an interim measure before the verdict, court ordered asset freeze, banning, among other things, current shareholders from selling their stakes.
91% of shares in Rustavi 2 TV, which now earns more in advertisement revenue than several of its main competitors combined, are currently owned, directly and indirectly, by Levan Karamanishvili and Giorgi Karamanishvili. The rest is owned Nino Nizharadze, who inherited 9% of shares from her husband Gogi Gegeshidze, who died in March, 2014.
Levan Karamanishvili and Giorgi Karamanishvili, who are believed to be ex-President Mikheil Saakashvili’s associates, own 40% of Rustavi 2’s shares directly and 51% through a company called “TV Company Georgia”; technically this latter is the major shareholder of Rustavi 2 TV.
Earlier on Thursday, Kibar Khalvashi’s lawyer announced that upon his client’s request and as an additional injunction in ownership dispute, the Tbilisi City Court ordered on September 30 asset freeze of TV Company Georgia, which bans its owners – Levan Karamanishvili and Giorgi Karamanishvili – to sell their stakes in this company. Court rejected request to freeze bank accounts of TV Company Georgia, and other owners of the Rustavi 2 TV.
Khalvashi’s lawyer, Paata Salia, said that such motion was filed after his client learned about intention of Levan and Giorgi Karamanishvili to sell TV Company Georgia to Dimitri Chikovani, brother-in-law of Davit Kezerashvili, who served as Georgia’s Defense Minister in Saakashvili’s administration. For few days after the October, 2012 elections in which UNM was defeated by the GD ruling coalition, some of Rustavi 2 TV shares were held by Kezerashvili.
The deal would have made Chikovani 51% owner of Rustavi 2 TV through TV Company Georgia. Salia said that this deal would have further complicated complex ownership dispute and his client’s bid to reclaim Rustavi 2 TV.
Rustavi 2 TV has confirmed that this deal was agreed upon, which aimed at attracting a USD 6 million investment to ensure the broadcaster’s operation while its assets are frozen.
Rustavi 2 TV CEO Gvaramia said that although the broadcaster is self-sustained through ad revenues, the asset freeze, which also cut its access to bank loans needed for its smooth operation, made the owners to think about “attracting investments” and decided to sell TV Company Georgia.
Rustavi 2 TV had over GEL 21.5 million in advertising revenue in the first half of 2015, more than twice as much as its main competitor Imedi TV.
According to the deal the buyer was paying USD 400,000 for TV Company Georgia and in addition taking commitment to “invest in/allocate funds to” Rustavi 2 TV in an amount of USD 3 million before the end of this year and another USD 3 million no later than February, 2017 “if necessary” upon the broadcaster’s request.
But this deal has not been formally finalized.
In order for a contract to become valid it has to be registered by the Justice Ministry’s National Agency of Public Registry (NAPR).
NAPR, however, has not registered the contract, submitted on September 29, citing shortcoming in a wording of registration application. By delaying the process the agency bought time for Khalvashi and his lawyers to file a motion with the Tbilisi City Court to freeze assets of the TV Company Georgia, effectively blocking the deal.
Rustavi 2 TV and its lawyers claim that NAPR delayed the process deliberately, suggesting that the various branches of the authorities are acting in concert in an attempt to take over Rustavi 2 TV through Khalvashi’s groundless lawsuit.  NAPR has denied the allegation as “groundless.”
Rustavi 2 TV CEO Gvaramia also accused Tbilisi City Court judge Tamaz Urtmelidze, who is adjudicating the lawsuit, of acting upon ex-PM Bidzina Ivanishvili’s instructions, claiming that the judge has been bribed by the billionaire ex-PM.
“Soil will burn under judge Urtmelidze’s feet,” Gvaramia said. “He will never find a safe haven in this country.”
In a statement later on Thursday the Tbilisi City Court condemned “statements containing threat and pressure on the judge.”
Khalvashi’s lawyer, Paata Salia, said that Gvaramia’s “hysteria” about possible suspension of broadcasts by Rustavi 2 TV aims at giving the dispute “political context” and exerting “pressure” on the judiciary.
Lawmakers from the GD ruling coalition say that the lawsuit is a dispute between private entities in which the government has nothing to do – a similar position was voiced by PM Irakli Garibashvili when the lawsuit over ownership was first filed in August.
UNM’s Giga Bokeria said: “If Rustavi 2 TV is no longer able to provide the public with information, it will be a serious step towards de-legitimization of the incumbent government.”
Leader of the Free Democrats party Irakli Alasania said: “This campaign against Rustavi 2 TV – whether someone likes its editorial policy or not – is dangerous because it closes space which is essential for competitive environment ahead of [next year’s] parliamentary elections… All the healthy forces in the country should get together to confront this campaign.”
EPP alarmed at Georgia’s authoritarian courseBrussels, 28 September 2015, epp.eu
The European People’s Party (EPP) is alarmed by the deterioration of democracy in Georgia following cases of incarceration of the opposition leaders and misuse of the justice system in favour of the current government. In view of the international appeal made by the Georgian opposition, including the EPP member party United National Movement (UNM), EPP President Joseph Daul said:
“Georgia has been rapidly backsliding into an authoritarian state since the current government came to power and under the influence of Bidzina Ivanishvili. The use of selective justice and the silencing and suppression of the opposition are seriously undermining Georgia’s democracy. This deteriorating situation is especially worrying given the upcoming parliamentary elections in 2016,” said the EPP President.
“It is imperative that the ruling party continues to reform the electoral system in order to allow a more fair and pluralistic representation in Georgia’s future parliament. Failing to implement these reforms will endanger the implementation of the EU-Georgia Association Agreement. The EPP will keep a close eye on the future developments in the country and calls on the Georgian government to engage in a constructive dialogue with all the opposition parties in order to fulfil its obligations so that Georgia stays on the European path,” concluded EPP President Daul.
Note to editors: The EPP is the largest and most influential European-level political party of the centre-right, which currently includes 75 member-parties from 40 countries, the Presidents of the European Commission and the European Council, 10 EU and 6 non-EU heads of state and government, 14 members of the European Commission and the largest Group in the European Parliament.  
Anmerkung: UNM-Partei ist Mitglied der EPP !

WIRTSCHAFT SCHPRUMPFT, WÄHRUNG VERFÄLLT UND WAHLPROGNOSEN/ZUSTIMMUNG FÜR GD EBENSO
GD = Georgian Dream = Regierungspartei des Multimilliardärs Ivanishvili
The recent poll shows increase in number of those likely voters who are either undecided or have no preferred political party to 41% amid decline in support for the ruling Georgian Dream coalition, putting the latter neck-and-neck with the opposition UNM party.
Political ratings, released on Saturday, was commissioned by the U.S. National Democratic Institute (NDI) and fielded by CRRC in a period between August 8 and September 10. It has a margin of error plus, minus 3%.
NDI Poll – Political Ratings, Foreign Policy, August, 2015 - pdf
31% of likely voters said they did not know which political party they would vote if parliamentary election were held tomorrow, up from 27% since April poll. 10% said they would not vote for any of the party, which is a 4 percentage points increase compared to April. 11% refused to answer.
The United National Movement (UNM) opposition party had 15% support among likely voters, almost the same as in April poll.
Georgian Dream (GD) ruling coalition’s support declined by 10 percentage points since April to 14% in the recent poll.
Free Democrats opposition party, led by ex-Defense Minister Irakli Alasania, and the Alliance of Patriots of Georgia have 5% each.
One of the leaders of the Alliance of Patriots, Irma Inashvili, is running for a majoritarian MP seat in Sagarejo sing-mandate constituency in by-electionscheduled for October 31; GD’s Tamar Khidasheli is another contender; most of the opposition parties are boycotting MP by-elections.
According to the poll Labor Party has 4% support among likely voters, and Nino Burjanadze’s United Opposition – 3%.
Number of respondents who said they would vote if parliamentary elections were held tomorrow declined from 56% in April to 49% in the recent poll.
“As shown in our last poll, the electoral playing field is still wide open and no party is ahead in Georgia,” Laura Thornton, NDI”s senior country director in Georgia, said. “Georgians are completely undecided about their political preferences, presenting an opportunity for all parties to spend the next year leading up to the parliamentary elections earning citizens’ backing through responsive platforms and policies.”
Money transfers from abroad to Georgia in the first nine months of 2015 declined by more than 26.7% year-on-year to USD 802.9 million, according to figures released by the National Bank of Georgia on October 15.
There was 32.9% y/y decline in remittances in September after 35.1% and 31.8% drop in August and July, respectively.
Money transfers from Russia, the largest source of remittances for Georgia, were down by 41.7% y/y in January-September 2015 to USD 322.7 million.
Remittances from Greece, which for years was Georgia’s second largest source of remittances up until July 2015, declined by 41.4% y/y to USD 91.39 million in the first nine months of this year.
Money transfers from Italy in January-September 2015 stood at USD 79.9 million (down by 12.9% y/y), followed by the United States – USD 64.3 million; Turkey – USD 53.4 million; Israel – USD 22.9 million; Spain – USD 19.6 million; Germany – USD 19 million. 
Remittances were down by 2.45% y/y in 2014 to USD 1.44 billion, accounting for about 8.7% of country’s GDP.
Annual Inflation 5.2% in September - 02.10.2015, civil.ge
Georgia’s annual inflation stood at 5.2% in September, after 5.4% in August, according to the state statistics office Geostat.
On a monthly basis consumer price rose 1.1% in September.
Annual inflation in alcoholic beverages and cigarettes was among the highest across all groups of goods and services in September at 13.4%; prices in household maintenance and equipment group rose 11.6% y/y and prices in healthcare were up by 9.8%.
Annual inflation for housing, water and energy rose 7.2% in September.
Food prices rose 4.2%. Prices in transport group were down by 1.8% y/y in September.
Georgia’s central bank raised late last month its key refinancing rate by one percentage point to 7%, citing “significant increase in the inflation expectations” amid depreciation of the national currency lari.
The National Bank of Georgia (NBG) raised its key refinancing rate by one percentage point to 7% on September 23, citing “significant increase in the inflation expectations” amid depreciation of the national currency lari.
Georgia’s annual inflation accelerated to its highest rate in four years at 5.4% in August, exceeding central bank’s target level of 5%.
NBG’s monetary policy committee said after its meeting on September 23, that it expects annual inflation to go down at the targeted level by the end of 2016.
The government said earlier on September 23 that the 2016 state budget will set inflation forecast at 4.5% next year, which, it said, would be within central bank’s target level.
The central bank started tightening monetary policy earlier this year, increasing refinancing rate from 4% to 4.5% in February and further raising it to 5% in May, to 5.5% in July, and to 6% in August. Last time when key refinancing rate was at 7% was in November, 2011.
Georgian currency, lari (GEL), firmed 1.68% against the U.S. dollar on Tuesday after the central bank sold USD 26.96 million.
The National Bank of Georgia (NBG) intervened with its offer to sell USD 40 million, but only USD 26.96 million was sold, NBG said.
GEL strengthened to 2.4086 per U.S. dollar from previous 2.4499, according to central bank’s official exchange rate set for Wednesday.
GEL is 37.7% weaker from September, 2014.
On September 21, when GEL approached its all-time low, PM Irakli Garibashvili and his economic team met central bank chief Giorgi Kadagidze, who said that the NBG would intervene on the foreign exchange market “if necessary.”
The September 22 intervention was NBG’s first one since April and the sixth one this year.
The central bank sold total of USD 200 million in five previous interventions earlier this year.
Georgian central bank’s foreign currency reserves stood at USD 2.26 billion as of end-August.
The September 21 meeting between government’s economic team and the central bank chief also came after Minister for Regional Development and Infrastructure, Nodar Javakhishvili, who was Georgia’s central bank chief in 1993-98, said in a newspaper interview published on September 21, that the Georgian economy “will not withstand” if lari hits 2.54 mark per dollar.
Such a scenario, he told the weekly Kviris Palitra, is fraught with the risk of public uproar in the country where up to 64% of total loans are denominated in foreign currency, mostly in U.S. dollar.



Exkurs - Städte und Musik  zum Hören und Sehen >>          >>Extra-Seite

Chemo Tbiliso - youtube.com, bebildert von Natalia Gassion 01.01.2015
gogi cabadze - chemo tbilis qalaqoyoutube.com, bebildert von Zaza grialat 21.06.2007

Wiener Blut - Johann Strauss - youtube.com, bebildert von Patricius Ritter von Kvančnik 18.04.2010
Johann Strauss - "Wiener Blut" Walzer Op.354 - Berliner Philharmoniker - Herbert von Karajan


FÜR DEUTSCHE: SYSTEMISCHE ANALYSE ZU PUTIN, RUSSLAND UND GEORGIEN
Moskau, das Dritte Rom und das Heilige Russland - PDF - 12.04.2015, RBB und 22. Juli 2015, deutschlandfunk.de
Hörsendung-19:26min, Sendung Aus Religion und Gesellschaft, Audio hören Mediatheklink
...  Die russisch-orthodoxe Kirche vertritt ein Heilsversprechen, das sich in vielen Facetten äußert. Im heutigen russischen Diskurs steht sie jedoch vor allem für eine aggressive Abwehrhaltung gegenüber dem Westen und für den Anspruch, die wahren Werte zu hüten. 
Bundesakademie für Sicherheitspolitik, Arbeitspapier Sicherheitspolitik, Nr. 6/2015 
Im Kontext der Ukrainekrise, die sich zu einer grundlegenden Krise des Westens mit Russland ausgeweitet hat, spielen „hybride Kriegsführung“, Propaganda, Verschwörungstheorien und vor allem unterschiedliche Perzeptionen eine wesentliche Rolle. Gerade im westlichen Diskurs beeinflussen einige Fehlinterpretationen mit Blick auf die Machtstrukturen in Moskau die Bewertung der Krise. 
Erschienen in: Bundesakademie für Sicherheitspolitik, Arbeitspapier Sicherheitspolitik, Nr. 6/2015 
Fünf Illusionen über das System Putin (PDF 332.1 kB) © European Union, 2014
Putin richtig verstehen - Warum die Ukrainekrise eine Russlandkrise ist  - dgap.org/de/think-tank, 08.09.2014 | von Dr. Stefan Meister 
Für die russische Regierung ist der Konflikt mit der Ukraine ein Stellvertreterkrieg mit dem Westen. Putins Freund-Feind-Rhetorik nützt der innenpolitischen Legitimierung seiner Politik, doch die Kosten eines umfassenden Krieges mit dem ukrainischen „Brudervolk“ oder mit NATO-Staaten wären zu hoch. Gefährlich ist, dass Putin taktiert, doch keine Strategie besitzt. Deswegen sollte der Westen zwei Handlungsoptionen vereinen: Engagement und Containment. 
Erschienen in: DGAPstandpunkt 6, 8. September 2014, 3 S. 
Putin richtig verstehen (PDF 177.73 kB) © European Union, 2014 


Neue Infos zu Georgien - new about Georgia >>


NEUE MAGAZIN-WEBSEITE TABULA.GE AUF ENGLISCH UND GEORGISCH
tabula.ge - tabula.ge/en
tabula.ge/en/politics - Artikel zur Politik, englisch

NEUES ZU WEBSEITEN ÜBER GEORGIEN - NEWS ABOUT GEORGIAN SITES IN GERMANY
Georgien-Aktuell.de - Nachrichtenseite steht seit 2013 zum Verkauf
Georgien-Nachrichten.de - Nachrichtenseite seit November 2012 nicht mehr aktualisiert, kritisierte und attackierte fortwährend die georgische Regierung der Rosenrevolution. Eines der Schlüsselworte auf der Seite ist 
kaukasische-post.com - frühere Informationen seit 2013 insgesamt nicht mehr verfügbar; als Redakteur fungiert nun der Unternehmer Kaufmann, der damit eine zusätzliche Platform für seine Werbung für seine Georgien-Geschäfte gefunden hat

Civil Georgia - News - deutsch / englisch >>       >>aktuell-alle

CIVIL GEORGIA  NACHRICHTEN - CIVIL GEORGIA  NEWS 
Civil Georgia wird von der UN Georgien betrieben und u.a. von der dt. Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung gefördert:
Schlagzeilenarchiv auf deutsch - seit 05.03.2009
Archiv - Civil Georgia-Nachrichtenticker - seit 05.03.2009
civil.ge - archive - seit 2001

GEORGIER IN KARLSRUHE - DOKUMENTE ZU GEORGIEN 
Archiv mit Dokumenten - archive with documents
Archiv zu Themen
Präsentationen

GEORGISCHE DIASPORA - GEORGIAN DIASPORA
Diaspora-Archiv - archive of diaspora

Download >>
Im Archiv sind in verschiedenen Verzeichnissen
Dateien zu allen Themen erhältlich.
>>Archiv


Aufsätze zur politischen Situation, Kultur, Geschichte sowie Bilder, Videos und Download-Archiv
links to Georgian news sites, own information and archive for Georgians all around the world

Georgien Nachrichten - Georgia news - Portal >>       

>>Georgien Nachrichten - Georgia News

>>deutsche und internationale Presse im Internet - German and international press in the internet
>>Links zu Seiten über Georgien - links to sites about Georgia
>>unsere Blogseite mit Nachrichten über Georgien - our blog site with news about Georgia


>>Archiv - Civil Georgia-Nachrichtenticker
>>Archiv - Nachrichten über Georgien aus der Internationalen Presse - news about Georgia in the international press


Seiteninhalte ausführlich - content of sites in detail >>

Georgians in diaspora >> 
Georgische Diaspora in Deutschland und der ganzen Welt - Georgians in diaspora in Germany and whole world
Georgier in Karlsruhe-Georgians in Karlsruhe >>
Georgier in Karlsruhe und ihre Aktivitäten - Georgians in Karlsruhe and their activities
Aktuelle Themen - actual theme >>
Aktuelle Themen zu Georgien  - actual themes about Georgia
Archiv - archive >>
Archiv mit Dokumenten zum Thema Georgien - archive with documents about the theme Georgia
Politik - politics >>
Politik in Georgien, Deutschland, Europa und ihre Organisationen - politics in Georgia, Germany, Europe and their organisations
Aufsätze und Thesen - essays and assumptions >>
Aufsätze und Thesen zum Augustkrieg 2008 und der Situation Georgiens - essays and assumptions about the war in August 2008 and the situation in Georgia
Artikel- und Blog-Links >>
Artikel- und Blog-Links zum Augustkrieg 2008 und Georgien - articles, blogs, links about the war in August 2008 and Georgia
Alltag-Links-Infos >>
Alltag, Links, Infos zum Leben in Deutschland und Internet allgemein - links to allday life in Germany and internet in general
Vertreibung-IDP >>
Vertreibung in Georgien - internal displaced persons IDP in Georgia
Spenden-Hilfe-Projekte - donations-help >>
Spenden, Hilfe, Projekte für Georgien - donations, help, projects for Georgia
geo.-orth. Kirche-church >>
georgisch-orthodoxe Kirche in Georgien, Deutschland und Europa - Georgian-orthodox church in Georgia, Germany and Europe
Dt.-geo. Beziehungen >>
Deutsch-georgische Beziehungen in der Gegenwart und Vergangenheit - German-Georgian relations in present and past
Geschichte - history >>
Geschichte von Georgien - history of Georgia
Leben in Georgien >>
Leben in Georgien - life in Georgia
Geography-Maps-Statistics >>
Geographie, Landkarten, Statistik von Georgien - geography, maps, statistics in Georgia
Menschenrechte - human rights >>
Menschenrechte und Menschenrechtssituation in Georgien und von Georgiern - human rights and situation of human rights in Georgia and of Georgians
Kultur - culture >>
Kultur Georgiens: Architektur, Archäologie, Musik, Sprache, Theater, Film, Fotografie, Tanz, Kunst, Malerei, Literatur, Wein - culture of Georgia: architecture, archaeology, music, language, theatre, film, photography, dance, art, painting, literature, wine
Kulturwissenschaft >>
Kulturwissenschaft in Georgien - cultural studies in Georgia
Karriere Beruf Ausbildung >>
Karriere, Beruf, Ausbildung in Georgien und für Georgier - career, profession, education in Georgia and for Georgians
Musik - music >>
Musik in Georgien und von Georgiern - music in Georgia and from Georgians
Videos >>
Videos über Georgien - videos about Georgia
Bilder - pictures >>
Bilder zu Georgien und von Georgiern - pictures about Georgia and from Georgians
Reiseberichte - travels >>
Reiseberichte zu Georgien - travel reports about Georgia
Sport - sports >>
Sport in Georgien und georgische Sportler - sports in Georgia and Georgian athletes
Satire - nonsense >>
Satire zu Georgien and anderen - nonsense about Georgia and others
Kaukasus & Nachbarn >>
Kaukasus und Nachbarn Georgiens - caucasus and neighbours of Georgia
für Jugendliche - kids >>
für und über georgische Jugendliche - for and about Georgian kids



Infos für Karlsruhe - information for Karlsruhe city >>       

VERKEHR - TRAM - TAXI - BUNBDESBAHN - KVV - PUBLIC TRANSPORT
http://www.kvv.de/fahrkarten/fahrkarten-preise.html - KVV-Preise für Tram, Bus
http://www.karlsruhe.de/b3/verkehr/bus_bahn/kvvfahrkarten.en - english


KIRCHEN - CHURCHES
Hl. Dawit Aghmaschenebeli - Georgisch-orthodoxe  Kirchengemeinde in Karlsruhe e.V.

Juli, 2014
Leider können die Gottesdienste in Karlsruhe nicht mehr stattfinden. Da sich in der europäischen Eparchie Änderungen ergeben haben, ist es unserem Priester nicht mehr möglich, nach Deutschland zu kommen. Die Gottesdienste werden in Zukunft in Straßburg stattfinden. Die genauen Termine werden immer  kurzfristig bekannt gegeben. 
Adresse der Kirche in Straßburg:
Straßburg - St. Ketevan, rue Boston - Parc de la Citadelle
Anfahrt und Wegbeschreibung siehe Webseite:

Priester Giorgi Mekechvili, Straßburg   >>St. Ketevan - Straßburg

Nachbarn: Georgische und deutsche Flagge bei den UN in New York



Zeit - time >>  

Georgien - Georgia

Deutschland - Germany

georgien-nachrichten.com haftet nicht für die Inhalte externer Websites

here are links to Georgian news sites, own information and archive for Georgians all around the world. The presents also the georgian diaspora and their life outside of georgia.
On sites like politics, culture of Georgia, foreign policy of Georgia, domestic policy of Georgia, foreign affairs of Georgia, economy of Georgia, history of Georgia, history of Tbilisi,
pictures is duscussed about Georgia and Georgian people. Georgia and articles about Georgia and news are in the centerr of the interest of the site.
Georgian people are in the center of interest on the site georgian diaspora and history of georgian diaspora.
The famous Georgians like Hamlet Gonashvili, Irakli Tsereteli, Konstantin Gamsakhurdia, queen Tamara, king David, saint Nino, king family Bagration and Bagrationi have their special places in the presentation of the site.




#



Nachrichten - News - Portal >>   >>Presse dt./int. - German/int. press  >>Wetter-weather-Zeit-time 
Wetter-weather-Zeit-time
Neu: Georgische Webseiten Presa.ge und Tabula.ge mit Hintergrundartikeln nun auch auf Englisch verfügbar - presa.ge - tabula.ge und Rustavi 2 mit neuem Webdesign Rustavi 2 - englisch - georgisch
Neu - Ukrainische Webseiten: Ukrainische Prawda - ukranisch - englisch - russisch

Exkurs: Wichtigste Infos zu Georgien - Main Infos about Georgia >>      >>Archiv
>>Politik in Georgien: >>Parteien/Parties  >>Politiker/Politicians  >>Regierung/Government

KÜRZER ÜBERBLICK ÜBER POLITIK IN GEORGIEN - SHORT SURVEY TO GEORGIAN POLITICS
aktuelle große politische Partein in Georgien:  
GD = Georgian Dream = Regierungspartei des Multimilliardärs Ivanishvili und Nicht-Mitglied der EPP
UNM = United National Movement = größte Oppositionspartei, Ex-Regierungspartei bis 2012 und Mitglied der EPP
Rückblick: 1991 Unabhängigkeit von Sowjetunion; 1991-92 Swiad Gamsachurdia1992-2003 Eduard Schewardnadse (1964-72 Innenminister); 22.11.2003 Rosenrevolution; 2003-2012 Regierung Mikheil Saakaschwili; 2013 erster Regierungswechel nach Wahlen mit demokratischer Machtübergabe;
seit 2013 Regierung Ivanishvili: Premierminister Ivanishvili, dann Premierminister Irakli Garibashvilijetzt Premierminister Giorgi KvirikashviliPräsident Giorgi Margvelashvili
Bidsina Ivanischwili: Ex-Premierminster, Gründer von Georgian Dream GD, Multimilliardär, Oligarch in Russland
Bidzina Ivanishvili: Ex-Prime Minister of Georgia, Billionaire, oligarch in Russia
Tragödie in Tbilisi - 09.April 1989Sukhumi Massaker - 27. September 1993 
Georgienkrieg 2008:  Der nicht erklärte Krieg Russlands gegen Georgien  >>Appelle   >>EU-Bericht
Russischer Einmarsch in Südossetien und Gori, im Kodori-Tal in Abchasien, in die Region Zugdidi / Poti an der abchasichen Grenze und Seeblockade an der Schwarzmeerküste.  >>Timeline >>gegen das Vergessen
Die historischen georgischen Regionen Südossetien und Abchasien sind seitdem russisch besetzt.

Angriffsziele der russischen Luftwaffe 2008, u.a. die Städte Gori, Poti, Tbilisi, die BTC-Pipeline
( Quelle: Verteidigungsministerium Georgien )   >>Völkerrecht 

IN GEORGIEN - IN GEORGIA
Wichtigste unabhängige Nachrichtenseiten aus Georgien: 

IN DEUTSCHLAND - IN GERMANY
Wichtigste unabhängige Nachrichtenseiten aus Deutschland in deutscher Sprache oder fremdsprachig: 

Nachrichten - News - Portal >>   >>Presse dt./int. - German/int. press

DEUTSCH - GERMAN
EU-Assoziierungsabkommen: Alle Infos zum Abkommen
Moldau, Georgien - und die Ukraine: Drei osteuropäische Staaten rücken näher an die EU heran. Auf dem Gipfel in Brüssel wurde das historische Partnerschaftsabkommen mit den Ex-Sowjetrepubliken unterzeichnet. ...

Neu: Georgische Webseiten Presa.ge und Tabula.ge mit Hintergrundartikeln nun auch auf Englisch verfügbar - presa.ge - tabula.ge

ENGLISCH - ENGLISH
Civil Georgia - auf Twitter - Georgia Today - Georgia Update-Regierung
opendata.ge/en - Public Information Database - Open Society Georgia Foundation

FRANZÖSISCH - FRENCH
lemonde.fr/georgielefigaro.fr/tag/georgielefigaro.fr/int/georgie

PRESSEMITTEILUNGEN
ENGLISCH - PRESS RELEASES ENGLISH
UN - NATO - EU - Europa-Rat - US-State Department - Russia - Georgia - BRD-AA 
PACE - EUMM    

MENSCHENRECHTE - HUMAN RIGHTS

UN Association - Refugees  - Refuge.ge
IDMC - Vertreibung in Georgien-IDP in Georgia - IPD Project Georgia
EU-Kommissar für Menschenrechte - Europäischer Bürgerbeauftragter
Europäischer Gerichtshof für Menschenrechte (ECHR)
HRW.org - HRW about Georgia - State Minister For Reintegration
IGFM Deutschland - igfm.de/Erklärung-Menschenrechte
amnesty international.de -
khodorkovskycenter - Vorfälle in Russland-memo.ru/eng
für Vertragsstaaten des Europarats, wie BRD, Georgien Russland, ...:
ECHR - European Court of Human Rights - Europäischer Menschenrechtsgerichtshof

Info: deutsch - russisch/russian/rusuli
- english - französisch

DIASPORA

diaspora.gov - facebook.com/GeoDiaspora -

München - Berlin-Brandenburg - Berlin - Hamburg - Bielefeld - Frankfurt -

samchoblo.org - Frankreich - Großbritannien - Schweden - Schweiz - Dänemark
Tschechien - Slowenien - Russland - USA - Iran -  

BOULEVARD-NACHRICHTEN AUS GEORGIEN

BELIEBTE TV-SERIEN UND TV-SHOWS IN GEORGIEN - TV IN GEORGIA
dakalebi.geThe Vano's ShowThe Vano's Show

INFOS/THINK-TANKS: INTERNATIONALE POLTIK-ANALYSE - INT. POLICY-ANALYSIS
Bundeszentrale für politische Bildung - Internationales - BRD, Bonn
Bertelsmann Stiftung - Bertelsmann Foundation - BRD, Gütersloh
dgap.orgDeutsche Gesellschaft für Auswärtige Politik e.V., Berlin
One DE FR EN  - Eurozine - Oxford Analysis - DFI-dt.-franz. Institut
Chatham House -
Royal Institute of International Affairs - UK, London,
International Crisis Group (ICG) - EU, Brüssel,
funds from mainly western governments, charitable foundations, companies and individual donors
European Policy Studies (CEPS) - EU, Brüssel, finanziert von Mitgliedern, Projekten mit EU-Institutionen, privaten Organisationen etc.
Brookings Institution -
USA, Washington, vielleicht Nummer 1 weltweit
Atlantic Council - USA, Washington, Transatlantische Zusmmenarbeit
supported by private foundations, U.S. and foreign government agencies, companies, and individuals.
Harvard - Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs - USA, Cambridge


INTERNATIONALE POLTIK - INT. POLICY
UN-Webcast - UN latest Journal -

OSTPOLITIK - EASTERN POLICY

ALTERNATIVE TV-STREAMS IM AUSLAND 
n24.de - im Ausland sind die meisten deutschen TV-Medien-Livestreams gesperrt, nur N24 nicht


REGIERUNG - GOVERNMENT - 2015  

Links Georgisches Internet - links Georgian internet



auf dem neuesten Stand - updates >>

Regierung Georgiens - HRW about Georgia - UNHCR about Georgia
Wahlergebnisse in Georgien ab 2003 bis heute - election results 2003 till today

Nachrichten auf dieser Seite - news on this site >>

>>Politik: Übersicht von wichtigen Artikel - politics: survey of important articles
>>Nachrichten nach Themen zusammengefasst im Überblick - news in themes
>>Archiv alle frühere Nachrichten - archive all earlier news   
>>Civil Georgia-Nachrichtenticker    >>Civil Georgia News-Archiv ab 2001
>>Georgien-Nachrichten-Blogarchiv
>>Archiv-Ereignisse-externe Dokumente 
>>Sportnachrichten

gegen das Vergessen - not to forget >>  >>Seite

Putin "leaked": ARD-Interview mit Putin - 29.08.08 (unzensiert) - google-blog    >>Seite 
... Roth: D.h. Sie werden ihre Truppen auf jeden Fall zurückziehen. Putin: Natürlich. ...

Heute ist der 2768. Tag der Vertragsverletzung
des Sechs-Punkte-Abkommens vom 16.08.2008
durch Russland !
Russland hat seine regulären Truppen nicht auf die Ausgangspositionen zurückgezogen und hält ca. 20% des Territoriums von Georgien seither besetzt !
Der Europarat-Monitoring-Ausschuss schreibt im Dokument 12045 "Überprüfung aus inhaltlichen Gründen von zuvor ratifizierten Mandaten der russischen Delegation" am 29.09.2009: "... der Ausschuss bedauert, dass ein Jahr nach dem Krieg die meisten der wichtigsten Forderungen der Versammlung (Anmerk.: u.a. in Resolution 1633 mit dem Sechs-Punkte-Abkommen als Inhalt) nicht umgesetzt worden sind und dass nur sehr wenige Fortschritte bei der Bewältigung der Folgen des Krieges in zufriedenstellender Weise gemacht wurden."


NEUE MAUER IN EUROPA - NEW WALL IN EUROPE
Offener Brief: Zwanzig Jahre nachdem halb Europa befreit wurde, wird eine neue Mauer gebaut – quer durch Georgien, sagen Vaclav Havel und andere
Europa muss für Georgien aufstehen - 22. September 2009, guardian.co
ins Deutsche übertragen von "Georgier in Karlsruhe"

INTERVIEW - Zum Kaukasuskonflikt Thomas Roth im Gespräch mit Wladimir Putin.
ARD-Sondersendung, 30.08.2008 - Text - Video - blog - unsere Seite zum Interview
Roth: Wo sehen Sie die Aufgabe von Deutschland in dieser Krise?
Putin: Wir haben zu Deutschland sehr gute Beziehungen, vertrauensvolle Beziehungen, sowohl politische als auch ökonomische. Als wir mit Herrn Sarkozy gesprochen haben, bei seinem Besuch hier, haben wir gesagt, dass wir keinerlei Territorien in Georgien wollen. Wir werden uns in die Sicherheitszone zurückziehen, die in den früheren internationalen Abkommen vereinbart wurde. Aber da werden wir auch nicht ewig bleiben. Wir betrachten das als georgisches Territorium. Unsere Absicht besteht nur darin, die Sicherheit zu gewährleisten und es nicht so zu machen, dass da Truppen und Kriegsgerät heimlich geballt werden. Und zu verhindern, dass da die Möglichkeit eines neuen Konfliktes entsteht. Dann begrüßen wir die Teilnahme von Beobachtern der EU, der OSZE und natürlich auch Deutschlands. Wenn die Prinzipien der Zusammenarbeit geklärt sind. 

"leaked": ARD-Interview mit Putin - 29.08.08 (unzensiert) - google-blog
... Roth: D.h. Sie werden ihre Truppen auf jeden Fall zurückziehen.  Putin: Natürlich. ...
http://www.tagesschau.de/multimedia/video/video369772.html
eine Reaktion aus dem Blog - http://blog.tagesschau.de/?p=1380:
Sehr geehrter Herr Roth,  vielen Dank für dieses grossartige Interview. Ich habe mir im Internet die etwas vollständigere russische Fassung angesehen und bin zutiefst beeindruckt von Ihrem Mut und Ihrer ausserordentlichen Professionalität. Ich bin sicher, dass Herr Putin mit derart kritischen Fragen seit langem schon nicht mehr konfrontiert wurde. Ihnen ist es meisterhaft gelungen, Herrn Putin zu entzaubern und seine Auslassungen als das darzustellen, was sie in Wirklichkeit sind: Propaganda und Zynismus. Wenn Herr Putin wirklich glaubt, dass der Konflikt in Georgien von der amerikanischen Regierung zu Wahlkampfzwecken inszeniert wurde, dann zeugt dies davon, dass er entweder in der Tat das Opfer der eigenen Propaganda geworden ist, oder, was noch viel schlimmer wäre, solche zynische Strategien für möglich hält. Dann würde ich mich wirklich nicht mehr wundern, wenn vor dem Ausbruch des zweiten Tschetschenienkrieges tatsächlich der russische Geheimdienst Wohnhäuser in Moskau gesprengt hätte. Wenn diese Art des Zynismus wirklich Herrn Putins Denken bestimmt, und dies legen seine Antworten auf Ihre Fragen nahe, dann droht der Welt aus Russland in Zukunft noch reichlich Ungemach. Ihr Interview hat die letzten Unklarheiten darüber beseitigt, wer Herr Putin in Wirklichkeit ist: ein zynischer Autokrat.  Mit freundlichen Grüßen  M. Beisswenger)

DEUTSCH - GERMAN 

Georgische Exilregierung in Leuville-sur-Orge ab 1922
Massaker in Tbilisi - 9. März 1956 
Die Wahrheit über Abchasien 1992-93
Sukhumi Massaker - 27. September 1993
Erster Präsident Georgiens Zviad Gamsakhurdia - 31.12.1993
Abchasien-Video "Was man mit Gewalt gewinnt, kann man nur mit Gewalt behalten"
NEIN-ZU-KRIEG - Bilder zur Invasion Russlands 2008
"Wo wir mit Russland nicht übereinstimmen ist Russlands Anerkennung von Abchasien und Südossetien, die Absicht dort Militärstützpunkte zu errichten - das ist ein Teil von Georgiens Hoheitsgebiet, laßt uns das nicht vergessen."
NATO-Generalsekretär Scheffer, 5.3.09

ENGLISCH - ENGLISH
Government of the Democratic Republic of Georgia in Exile in Leuville-sur-Orge ab 1922
March 9 massacre in Tbilisi - 9/3/1956 
Sukhumi massacre - 27/9/1993
Georgian demonstration - 1978
Tragedy in Tbilisi - 9/4/1989 - report of Physicians for Human Rights
First President of Georgia Zviad Gamsakhurdia - 31.12.1993
Georgian territories bombed by Russian jets in August 2008
Georgia in flames - Georgien in Flammen
- Video, Despani.com
The trailer for the new movie "Soviet Story"

“The Soviet Story” is a story of an Allied power, which helped the Nazis to fight Jews and which slaughtered its own people on an industrial scale. Assisted by the West, this power triumphed on May 9th, 1945. Its crimes were made taboo, and the complete story of Europe’s most murderous regime has never been told. Until now…
Textbooks rewrite history to fit Putin’s vision
RUSSISCH - RUSSIAN
Советская история  (The Soviet Story) -Video
О фильме: В фильме говорится о преступлениях советской эпохи, которые путинская Россия с упорством отказывается признавать. 1) Голодомор на Украине. 2) Сотрудничество СС и НКВД (взаимная выдача политических противников для расправы) 3) Советские поставки стратегического сырья для военной машины Гитлера. 4) Совместный советско-германский парад в Брест-Литовске. ("первый парад победы" второй мировой). 5) Зверства НКВД в Прибалтике. 6) Репрессии в СССР
The Times: учебники в России будут рассказывать о "великой стране" Сталина и Путина
News ru.com Профессор политологии отказалась возглавить работу по переписыванию учебника новейшей истории России, назвав его "позором"
Работа над новым учебником истории окончательно превратилась в склоку
«Очень бы не хотела, чтобы мое имя ассоциировали с этим позором»

News ru.com Путин предупредил российские издательства об их ответственности при изготовлении учебников
News ru.com 
"Единороссы" намерены очистить школы и вузы от идейно не выдержанных учебников
News ru.com Учебное пособничество
Конкуренция на рынке школьных книг перешла в стадию обвинений в шпионаже
Die Wahrheit über 08.08.08 Russland -Georgien   Video Internet TV - Radio
GEORGISCH - GEORGIAN
Toma Tschagelischwili    Despani-Video
Überblick zu den russisch-georgischen Beziehungen, beginnend mit dem Vertrag von Georgijewsk von 1783 bis zur Invasion im August 2008

Georgienkrieg 2008 und die Folgen - August war 2008 >>     

>>Invasion Russlands im August 2008


>>Genfer Gespräche - Geneva Talks - seit 15.10.2008
>>Beobachter-Missionen in Georgien
>>Energiepolitik - Gas - Öl - Pipeline Nabucco - ernergy policy - gas - oil

>>Nachrichten, Artikel und Infos zu Abchasien und Südossetien

>>Politische Bücher,Aufsätze,Thesen-August war:books,essays,assumptions
The Guns of August 2008: Russia's War in Georgia - neues Buch zum Augustkrieg von Svante E. Cornell and S. Frederick Starr, eds., New York: M.E. Sharpe, 2009.
Ein Kommentar: “The Guns of August 2008 offers a deep analysis of the Russian-Georgian war of August 2008 and the developments which preceded and underlay it. The book helpfully corrects an erroneous urban legend that Georgia started the war. In July 2008, Russia’s military conducted a full field exercise of an invasion and then launched the real thing. It leads to the disturbing conclusions that Russia may go beyond Georgia to subdue other neighbors, and that it may again use force against Georgia.” — William H. Courtney, Former U.S. Ambassador to Georgia
frühere Veröffentlichung von E. Cornell: Russia’s War in Georgia: Causes and Implications for Georgia and the World - Svante E. Cornell, Johanna Popjanevski, Niklas Nilsson, August 2008 --- Links zu Cornell und seinen Veröffentlichungen
>>Seite
Erich Reiter: Die Sezessionskonflikte in Georgien - LESESTOFF  -  Amazon
Böhlau-Verlag, Wien 2009. 329 Seiten, 39 Euro
"... Der Westen und insbesondere die USA müssen ihre Russlandpolitik überdenken und die Moskau geografisch nahe stehenden Mitglieder der Nato vor eben jenem Russland schützen, das bisher als Partner galt. ... " - Tagesspiegel vom 06.04.2009
A Little War that Shook the World - Georgia, Russia, and the Future of the West
von Ronald D. Asmus, published by Palgrave Macmillan

The brief war between Russia and Georgia in August 2008 seemed to many like an unexpected shot out of the blue that was gone as quickly as it came. Former Assistant Deputy Secretary of State Ronald Asmus contends that it was a conflict that was prepared and planned for some time by Moscow, part of a broader strategy to send a message to the United States ...

>>EU-geförderter Bericht zum Augustkrieg von Heidi Tagliavini-2009
Zusammenfassung – Band 2 - Was in der Presse nicht gesagt wurde -
Der EU-Bericht erklärt im Kapitel 6 Teil 4 alle russischen Gewaltanwendungen als nicht gerechtfertigt, ebenso alle Gewaltanwendungen der Abchasen in Teil 5. Die Gewaltanwendungen der südossetischen Seite mit dem Beschießen georgischer Dörfer vor dem 7.8. verletzte das Gewaltverbot, welches für den Konflikt maßgeblich war. Die Gewaltanwendungen nach dem 12.8. nach dem Rückzug der georgischen Einheiten waren illegal.
In Teil 2 gesteht der Bericht Georgien das Eingreifen in Südossetien als gerechtfertigt zu als Selbstverteidigung in Form von „on-the-spot reaction“ und bezeichnet die georgische Offensive als nicht proportional zu dem einzigen erlaubten Ziel, zur Verteidigung gegen die andauernden südossetischen Angriffe.
Die georgische Sicht, dass russische Truppen vor dem 7./8. georgisches Territorium betreten hätten, konnte von der Kommission nicht bestätigt werden. Die Kommission schließt aber nicht aus, dass neue Beweise das Betreten Georgiens durch russische Soldaten zu diesem Zeitpunkt zeigen.
Der Bericht bestätigt auch die Anwesenheit regulärer russischer Streitkräfte in Südossetien vor dem 7.8. und die große Zahl an Provokationen zuvor auf georgischem Territorium. Die Kommission besteht im Kapitel 8 auf der Erfüllung des Sechs-Punkteabkommens, d.h. dem Rückzug der russischen Streitkräfte auf die Positionen vor dem 7.8. und stellt fest, dass dies Russland bis heute nicht erfüllt hat. Die Kommission nennt die Anerkennung Südossetiens und Abchasiens durch Russland einen "Anschlag auf die internationalen Anstrengungen zur Konfliktlösung". ...

>>Zur Erinnerung - Völkerrechtler über den Georgienkrieg 2008
"Georgien handelt rechtmäßig"
Interview mit Völkerrechtsprofessor Zimmermann, Kiel - TAZ-Internet, von Simone Bartsch, 11.8.2008

... "Der Kieler Völkerrechtler Andreas Zimmermann sieht in Südossetien kein geschütztes "De-facto-Regime". Russland durfte deshalb militärisch nicht zu Hilfe kommen. ..." ...
Ist der georgische Militäreinsatz in Südossetien also gerechtfertigt?
Grundsätzlich ja. Ein Staat darf den Versuch einer Abspaltung eines Teils seines Gebiets auch mit Waffengewalt verhindern. ...
 Die meisten Südosseten haben russische Pässe. Darf Russland seine Staatsbürger nicht schützen?
Die Vergabe der Staatsangehörigkeit an Einwohner anderer Staaten ist völkerrechtlich sehr problematisch. Selbst wenn sie hier zulässig wäre, weil es sich um Staatsangehörige der früheren UdSSR handelt, kann der Schutz eigener Staatsangehöriger keine breit angelegte militärische Intervention rechtfertigen. ...
"Es gibt kein Recht auf Abspaltung"
Interview mit Völkerrechtsprofessor Zimmermann, Kiel - Badische Zeitung-Internet, 10.8.2008

... "Prof. Zimmermann: Völkerrechtlich gibt es grundsätzlich kein Recht auf Sezession, also auf Abspaltung von einem anderen Staat. Südossetien bildet damit immer noch einen Teil Georgiens." ... "BZ: Durfte Russland intervenieren? -  Zimmermann: Nein. Russland durfte aufgrund eines Abkommens von 1992 zwar fünfhundert Soldaten als Friedenstruppen in Südossetien stationieren. Doch der russische Einsatz jetzt geht weit darüber hinaus. ..."
Wer hat Schuld am Kaukasus-Krieg? - Völkerrechtler Otto Luchterhandt
Professor für öffentliches Recht und Ostrecht, Universität Hamburg

Interview von Simone Bartsch, tagesspiegel.de, 14.8.2008
... "Wenn Südossetien also ein international völkerrechtlich anerkannter Teil Georgiens ist, sich aber abspalten will: Welche Rechte hat Georgien?
Georgien hat das Recht, das separatistische Gebiet Südossetien - wie auch Abchasien - in den eigenen Staat zu reintegrieren und die Separatisten zu bekämpfen.
Dann ist der Angriff Georgiens auf Südossetien, der Ausgangspunkt des Krieges, völkerrechtlich also legitimiert?
Grundsätzlich ja. ... "
( Anmerkung: die Formulierung "Angriff" und "Ausgangspunkt des Krieges" ist vom Journalisten vorab gewählt worden, obwohl noch geklärt wird, wer wen wann warum angegriffen haben könnte. )

>> Mikheil Saakashvili, President of Georgia 64th Session of the UN
Mr. President, Excellencies, Distinguished Delegates.
I would like to thank you for the opportunity to address the 64th annual general debate of the United Nations. Each year we gather here to confront our common challenges and to express our vision for the world we share - the world for which we are common stewards.And each year we promise to do more - to do better - to live up to and defend the principles enshrined in the UN Charter.
We meet this year on the 20th anniversary of one of the most successful triumphs of those principles. Twenty years have passed since Europe - and the rest of the world - was liberated from one of the cruelest episodes in modern history.The fall of the Berlin Wall brought to an end an artificial line that separated nations, divided families, strangled freedom, and imprisoned millions.
Remarkably, that formidable wall crumbled without a single shot being fired. It yielded to the will of those millions who yearned for liberty and it yielded to the determination of a united West.Twenty years ago, a universally feared military force was defeated by the force of a universal truth - the call for freedom and the simple desire to live a dignified life. When the Berlin Wall was dismantled 20 years ago, it did more than free the captive nations of the Warsaw Pact. ...


Nachrichten - Infos zur Kultur in Georgien >>

CNN - Eye On Georgia - Juni 2012, edition.cnn.com
Filme über Georgien zu verschiedenen Aspekten - films about Georgia on different matters. CNN strahlt die Reihe "Eye on Georgia" immer wieder aus.
gerade entdeckt: Der Kaukasus in der Antike - von Loretana de Libero, mgfa.de
Aktuelle Euronews-Sendung: Being a film producer zeigt auch die georgische Filmproduktionsfirma "20 Steps":
20 STEPS PRODUCTIONS - is Tbilisi based company which aims to produce high quality Feature and Animated films.


KONZERTE IN BATUMI SOMMER 2011 UND DAVOR ... - ÜBERBLICK
Chris Botti & Sting LIVE In Batumi Georgia Desert Rose 03.07.2011 - youtube, 19.08.2011
Enrique Iglesias in Batumi, MTV LIVE GEORGIA AT EUROPE SQUARE ON AUGUST 2, 2011 | Imedi TV - youtube, 19.08.2011
Dark Tranquillity performing live in Batumi (17/07/2011) - youtube, 19.08.2011
Andrea Bocelli in Batumi,Georgia. "Ave Maria" - youtube, 19.08.2011
Batumi 2011 Besame mucho - youtube, 19.08.2011
Ajaruli Gandagana elektro remix DJ Lasha Batumi 2011 - youtube, 19.08.2011
"Golden Talent 2011"- Batumi    - youtube, 19.08.2011
Andrea Bocelli & Sophie NIjaradze LIve performances Batumi 2011 New Year - youtube, 19.08.2011
New Year Batumi 2011, Sukhishvilebi KHORUMI  - youtube, 19.08.2011

Film in Tbilisi von 2013 >>  

NEUER FILM ALS KO-PRODUKTION IN GEORGIEN GEDREHT 
http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Die_langen_hellen_Tage
Die langen hellen Tage (Georgien 2013) - 04.09.2014, deutscherkulturkonsument.wordpress.com
Regie: Simon Groß, Nana Ekvtimishvili, Darsteller: Lika Babluani, Mariam Bokeria 
Georgien/Deutschland/Frankreich 2013, Laufzeit:102 min.
Georgien 1992, gedreht auch mit deutschem Geld. Wenn die Filmförderung zahlt, muss es ein Licht geben ... Das Licht heißt Eka: 14 Jahre, mit einem traurigen Blick, der immer dunkler wird und immer stärker. ...
Filmkritik - 2014, kino.de
Nana Ekvtimishvilis autobiografisch geprägter Rückblick auf eine Mädchenjugend in Georgien 1992. Sie
Filmkritik - 2014, programmkino.de
Das deutsch-georgische Regie-Paar Nana Ekvtimishvili und Simon Groß sorgt mit seinem Erstling für Aufsehen. Der Film war der georgische Beitrag zur Oscar-Verleihung 2013 und wurde bei Festivals weltweit mit 28 Preisen ausgezeichnet. Dabei erzählen die beiden eine vermeintlich einfache Geschichte: Zwei Teenager wachsen 1992 im durch Krisen und Krieg zerrütteten Georgien auf. Die beiden Mädchen suchen ihre Identität in einem Land, das seine eigene verloren hat. ...

Fotoausstellung in Karlsruhe mit Porträts von Menschen in Tbilisi>>  

07.11.2014, aktuelle Ausstellung mit großformatigen Drucken,
ausgestellt in Arztpraxis "Ortho-Zentrum" Orthopädische 
Gemeinschaftspraxis am Ludwigsplatz, Waldstraße 67, Karlsruhe

an der Oper in Karlsruhe: Avtandil Kaspeli >>      >>Musik

Partien im Opernjahr 2012 / 2013 am Staatstheater Karlsruhe

Zuniga CARMEN
L'ombre d'Hector DIE TROJANER I
L'ombre d'Hector / Le dieu Mercure DIE TROJANER I & II
L'ombre d'Hector / Le dieu Mercure DIE TROJANER II
Sarastro DIE ZAUBERFLÖTE
Zweiter Geharnischter DIE ZAUBERFLÖTE
Sparafucile RIGOLETTO
Landgraf TANNHÄUSER

Avtandil Kaspeli wurde in Tiflis, Georgien, geboren. Nach einem Studium der Fächer

 Oboe und Kunstgeschichte am Staatlichen Konservatorium in Tiflis setzte er sein Studium als Bassist am Richard-Strauss-Konservatorium in München bei Nikolaus Hillebrand erfolgreich fort. Sein Debüt machte der junge Bassist mit dem Mozartensemble in München als Sparafucile in Verdis Rigoletto. Es folgten Colas in Bastien und Bastienne von Mozart und die Partie des Schnock (Löwe) in A Midsummer Night‘s Dream von Benjamin Britten am Prinzregententheater in München unter der Leitung von David Stahl sowie die Partie des Commendatore in Mozarts Don Giovanni. Avtandil Kaspeli hat regelmäßig Konzert- und Opernauftritte in Georgien, Deutschland, Bulgarien und Italien.


Nachklang zur georgischen Modeschau in Karlsruhe >>

Modeschau von Nino Aptsiauri
Modeschau von Nino Aptsiauri - Anna's Taschen - Musik - Tanz
Die Südstadt-Kleinkunst am Wolfbräu am 09.08.2011 im Biergarten auf dem Werderplatz war ein großer Erfolg für das Wolf-Team, denn auch den Regen konnte die Stimmung der Zuschauer und die Akteure auf dem Laufsteg nicht stoppen.


Nachklang zum Konzert in Karlsruhe >>                >>Musik

Pianistin Dudana Mazmanishvili auf Tournee in Deutschland - georgien-aktuell.de
14 Konzerte bestätigt, darunter Auftritte in Karlsruhe, Hamburg, Berlin und München.

Dudana nahm bereits im Alter von 3 Jahren ihre ersten Klavierstunden und absolvierte bereits als 8-jährige ihren ersten Auftritt mit dem georgischen Staatsorchester in Tbilisi. Seitdem begeistert die junge georgische Pianistin ihr Publikum in der ganzen Welt. Zu den H
öhepunkten ihrerbisherigen Karriere zählt zweifelsohne ihr Auftritt in der New Yorker Royal Carnegie Hall im Jahr 2006. Erfolge bei int. Klavierwettbewerben: 2005 Preisträgerin beim Washington International Piano Competition, 2007 Busoni-Wettbewerb in Bozen
internetis saiti – home page – Site Internet : www.dudana.de
Bielefeld - im Zeichen Beethovens - Neue Westfälische.de
Wiesbaden - In klassischem Ebenmaß - wiesbadener-tagblatt.de
Jeder Ton spricht - general-anzeiger-bonn.de
Konzert in Karlsruhe am 1.April - zusammen mit der Klassischen Philharmonie Bonn  im Rahmenprogramm der "Wiener Klassik Karlsruhe" im Kongreßzentrum in der Stadthalle im Johannes-Brahms-Saal - Programm als PDF













Extra ! Extra ! Extra ! Ausstellungstermin >>

Daredjane expose au musée National de Géorgie (Tbilissi)du 11 au 28 octobre 2014, daredjane.blogspot.fr
Daredjane est sculpteur. Elle travaille la terre, le plâtre, la pierre et crée des personnages stylisés, aux lignes allongées et épurées.
Française d’origine géorgienne, c’est à l’évidence cette double identité qui donne toute son originalité à son œuvre qui puise dans ces deux cultures ses influences essentielles.
Née et élevée en France certes, mais dans une famille géorgienne (ses grands-parents ont quitté la Géorgie en 1921) et dans l’amour de ce pays lointain dont elle comprend la langue et dont elle connaît l’histoire et la culture.
Après de nombreuses expositions à Paris et dans ses environs, elle exposera ses sculptures à Tbilissi (juin 2006), sur la terre de ses parents. Cette exposition fut un retour aux sources, l’accomplissement d’un rêve, ce même rêve qui habite ses personnages dont les silhouettes rappellent des origines qu’elle n’a pas oubliées. ...

Andro Wekua aus Georgien - "Erdbeeren" in der Kunsthalle Wien - 16.02.2011,ORF.at
(geb. 1977 in Sochumi (GE), lebt in Berlin)
Wiener Kunsthalle: Ab 17. Februar 2011 ist der aus Georgien stammende Andro Wekua im Erdgeschoß des H
auses zu sehen. "Never sleep with a strawberry in your mouth" ist der Titel der Schau. "2011 werde ein Superjahr für den jungen Künstler Andro Wekua, hat man jüngst im renommierten deutschen Wochenmagazin "Der Spiegel" lesen können. Vier bedeutende Orte für zeitgenössische Kunst will er erobern, das Castello di Rivoli bei Turin, das Fridericianum im "documenta-geadelten" Kassel, die Nationalgalerie in Berlin und jetzt zu Beginn die Wiener Kunsthalle, ...
zum "Preis der Nationalgalerie Berlin 2011" nominiert: Joachim Jäger, Cyprien Gaillard, Udo Kittelmann, Kitty Kraus, Christina Weiss und Andro Wekua ...


Für jeden weltweit - for everyone worldwide >>      >>Seite

FUSSBALL-WM 2014 QUALIFIKATION - FOOTBALL 2014 QUALIFICATION
aktuelle Ergebnisse und Tabelle auf deutsch:
Georgien - Deutschland
Europa: ktuelle Spiele / Ergebnisse - Europa: Tabellen der Gruppen
Europa: Mannschaften - WM-Infos weltweit
english: 2014 FIFA World Cup Brazil - Georgia
- Germany

FUKUSHIMA-FOLGEN - CONSEQUENCES OF FUKUSHIMA
Verstrahlte Fische vor US-Küste - NTV.de, 29.05.2012
Die Auswirkungen der Reaktorkatastrophe von Fukushima reichen bis zur US-Küste. Dort haben Wissenschaftler radioaktive Stoffe in Thunfischen nachgewiesen. Für den Menschen soll die Belastung beim Verzehr keine Gefahr darstellen. ... Eine Fischmahlzeit von 200 Gramm wäre gerade einmal mit 0,064 Mikrosievert aus Cäsium 134 und 137 belastet. Zum Vergleich: Pro Jahr nimmt ein Deutscher eine Dosis von rund 2300 Mikrosievert allein durch natürliche Radioaktivität auf. ...


Aufruf des georgischen Parlaments - appeal >>          >>Extra-Seite

Abgeordnete senden int. Appell an die Abgeordnete von 31 Ländern: Abchasien und Südossetien sollen als von Russland besetzte Gebiete erklärt werden - 08.04.2010, Civil Georgia der Aufruf: Brief vom Kommittee für auswärtige Beziehungen des georgischen Parlaments
Letter by Georgian Parliamentary Committee for Foreign Relations
Civil Georgia, Tbilisi / 8 Apr.'10 / 19:13
The Georgian Par
liament is genuinely grateful for your support of the non-recognition of Abkhazia and South Ossetia as independent territories following the Russian invasion of Georgia and the occupation of these territories. ...
weitere Appelle des Parlament 

Wichtiger Aufruf - important appeal >>          >>Extra-Seite


ASSOCIATION GEORGIENNE EN FRANCE (Fondée en 1922) - samchoblo.org

safrangeTSi myof qarTvel     ltolvilTa saTvistomo
Dear Friends, Cher amis, Zvirfaso megobrebo
Bitte stimmt gegen den Verkauf von französchen Kriegsschiffen an Russland !
Please vote against the sale of French Warships to Russia !
Merci de participer à la pétition contre la vente par la France d'un bateau militaire d'assaut à la Russie !   qTxovT monawileoba miiRoT !

http://www.gopetition.com/online/32574.html
Bis zum 30.04.2011 bereits 2391 Unterschriften aus der ganzen Welt !
AGAINST THE SALE OF MISTRALS TO RUSSIA
"We, European citizens of the countries neighbouring Russia, wish to express our misgivings about the French government’s intention of selling “Mistrals” to Russia. ..."

FRANKREICH WIRD ZUM AUSRÜSTER DER RUSSISCHEN ARMEE !
Frankreich verkauft vier "Mistral"-Kriegsschiffe an Russland - 25.01.2011, der Standard
Paris - Frankreich und Russland haben am Dienstag den Verkauf von vier französischen Kriegsschiffen an Russland besiegelt. Zwei der Schiffe vom Typ "Mistral" sollten in Frankreich und zwei in Russland gebaut werden, teilte das französische Präsidialamt mit. ... Nach Informationen der russischen Agentur Interfax beträgt der Stückpreis "unter 600 Millionen Euro". Die beiden Schiffe in Frankreich baut ein Konsortium um die französische Werft STX France.
Russischer Premierminister Putin: Keine Notwendigkeit Kriegsschiff "Mistral" gegen Georgien zu gebrauchen - 09.06.2010, Civil Georgia
Russia has no need to use French warships, Mistral, which it plans to buy, against Georgia, Russian PM Vladimir Putin said ahead of his visit to France.
“I hope events will never again lead to military conflict between Russia and Georgia, never. We have been doing everything previously and are intending to do everything for preventing reoccurrence of this tragedy. Modern offensive systems make it possible to carry out any military operation deep into the entire territory of Georgia from the Russian territory and no Mistral is needed for that,” Putin said in an interview with Agence France-Presse (AFP) and France 2 television. ...


Aufrufe - appeals - Diaspora >>                >>Seite

INTERNATIONAL
Europa muss für Georgien aufstehen -
Vaclav Havel und andere

DEUTSCHLAND - GERMANY
Aufruf an die internationale Politik anlässlich des Jahrestages der russischen Invasion in Georgien am 08-08-2008 - deutscher Aufruf als PDF-Datei
Aufruf - Email-Vorlage mit Adresse der Bundesregierung auf deutsch >>
Appeal to the International Policy-Anniversary of the Russian Invasion in Georgia in 08/08/2008 - englischer Aufruf als PDF-Datei - english appeal as PDF-file
appeal - prepared email with EU-address in English >>
to remember also our appeal from april 2009:
NATO 60th Anniversary - Appeal to the members of NATO - NATO-membership for Georgia - englischer Aufruf als PDF-Datei - english appeal as PDF-file


FRANKREICH - FRANCE
AGF103_2009-08-05_COMMUNIQUE - Communique der AGF als PDF-Datei
AGF-COMMUNIQUE - zum Besuch von Putin in Frankreich 28.11.2009

Extra ! Extra ! Extra ! Filme zum Georgienkrieg 2008 >>         >>Seite

"Russische Lektionen" - "Уроки русского" - "Russian Lessons"
russianlessons.org-englisch - Nachrichten, Infos zum Film im Facebook
Regie: Andreij Nekrasow und Olga Konskaya, 2009
Dokumentarfilm über den Augustkonflikt, gedreht nach dem Konflikt 2008. Regisseur Nekrasow stellt den Film in Festivals und Programmkinos selbst vor.
Link zum Filmteil mit 20 Minuten - tvali.ge
Radiosendung über den Film - Radio "Freiheit", russisch


"Something about Georgia" von Nino Kirtadze, Paris
18.-24.10.2010 - DOK Leipzig - 53. Internationales Leipziger Festival für Dokumentar- und Animationsfilm - dokfestival-leipzig.de
"Something about Georgia" von Nino Kirtadze | Frankreich 2010 | 100:00 Min.
Annäherung an die Ereignisse um den 7.8.2008: Georgien, Russland und Ossetien. Alle Seiten kommen zu Wort, auch Präsident Saakashvili: ein Blick hinter die Kulissen der Macht.
Visions du Réel 2010 - April 2010, art-tv.ch
Für den Spezial Preis SSR SRG idée suisse hat die ein wenig gespaltene Internationale Jury zwei Filme ex-aequo gekürt. Für das Eintauchen in zeitgenössische, von Gewalt beherrschter Realitäten: «Sainte Anne, Hôpital Psychiatrique» von Ilan Klipper, Frankreich und «Something about Georgia» von Nino Kirtadzé, Frankreich.
Нино Киртадзе рассказывает "Кое-что о Грузии" : russian.rfi.fr
Visions du Réel, "Something about Georgia" (2009) : dua.typepad.com
Rustavi 2 : rustavi2.com    -    ZED FRANCE : zed.fr


Bücher, zuletzt entdeckt - books > 

Amazon: Echoes from Georgia: Seventeen Arguments on Georgian Polyphony (Focus on Civilizations and Cultures - Music) Hardcover – October 31, 2010
by Rusudan Tsurtsumia (Editor), Joseph Jordania (Editor)
Echoes from Georgia: Seventeen Arguments on Georgian Polyphony - novapublishers.com
Editors: Rusudan Tsurtsumia and Joseph Jordania
Book Description: 
This new and important book was compiled under the auspices of the Vano Sarajishvili Tbilisi State Conservatoire,International Research Center for Traditional Polyphony in Tbilisi, Georgia. This collection is aimed to those who are interested in Georgian traditional polyphonic singing. It contains seventeen works of seventeen authors, both foreign and Georgian scholars, written throughout the 20th and 21st centuries. Eleven of these works had been published before (but not in English), and six of the articles were written by contemporary scholars for this collection. Problems of the origins, distribution, ethno-cultural interaction with other cultures, identity, scales, harmony, issues of vocal and instrumental polyphony are discussed in these articles. Georgian traditional polyphony has long since become a symbol of the complexity that traditional musical culture can achieve in creating sophisticated forms of multi-part singing. In 2001 UNESCO proclaimed Georgian polyphonic singing a “Masterpiece of the Oral and Intangible Heritage of Humanity”. Earlier, in 1977 Georgian song Chakrulo was included among the very limited amount of information about the Earth and its diverse cultures that was launched into space. Georgia is becoming one of the international centers of the study of the traditional 

Published by Taylor Francis Ltd, United Kingdom (2014)
ISBN 10: 0415759978 ISBN 13: 9780415759977
Item Description: Taylor Francis Ltd, United Kingdom, 2014. Paperback. Book Condition: New. Revised, Reprint. 234 x 155 mm. Language: English Brand New Book. The first comprehensive and objective history of the literature of Georgia, revealed to be unique among those of the former Byzantine and Russian empires, both in its quality and its 1500 years history. It is examined in the context of the extraordinarily diverse influences which affected it - from Greek and Persian to Russian and modern European literature, and the folklore of the Caucasus. Bookseller Inventory # AAS9780415759977

Neues Buch - new book >

von Odin Milan Stiura, Erscheinungsdatum 07.02.2014
Kaukas13 - Der Lauf der Kulturen zwischen dem Schwarzen Meer und dem Kaspischen See entdeckt einen Deutschen, in schwarz-rot-goldenen Farben gekleidet, und generiert im Kaukasusgebirge 1.000.000 Schritte grammatikalische defekte Wortkunst in der tagtäglichen Erschöpfungsschöpfung, 1000 Kilometer wahnsinnige Literatur und 10 legendäre Gestalten. Der Rest ist ein Geschenk!
Dieses ´Kaukas13-TheRunningPoem©-Buchprojekt` führte Odin und seinen Milan in etwa sechs Wochen, ab dem 7.September 2013, von Mitteleuropa in den Kaukasus und ertränkte dort persönliche Erlebnisse vor Ort - Wort für Wort - filosofisch geschickt verdrängt quillt mit den alten Sagen und sprudelt durch den modernen Helden die Zukunft der Kaukasier in einer braunen 100 ml Flasche. Das Ergebnis dieses literarischen Liveblogs floss in das Buch ´KAUKAS13` ein, welches noch im Jahr 2013 im Verlag der FreieUni.de veröffentlicht wurde.
Der Lauf der Kulturen ´Kaukas13` fand im Rahmen der Interkulturellen Woche 2013 statt.
´The Running Poem©` ist eine Literaturgattung, die alles was beim Rennen, Laufen, Gehen durch die Sinne rennt, läuft, geht, ungefiltert, rein im Gedanken wiedergibt. Es gibt dabei kein Lektorat oder Reflexion, keine inhaltliche Regulierung, keine nachträgliche Verbesserung, Sortierung oder Entfernung einer zusammenhängenden Textpassage. The Running Poem© kann deshalb durchaus verletzend, subversiv, irreführend, suggestiv, schönmalerisch, dramatisch oder einfach nur die subjektive Wahrheit sein. Die Wahrheit des Läufers, dem Dauerrenner !

Neues Buch - new book > 

Der Ritter im Tigerfell - alte deutsche Übersetzung jetzt wiederentdeckt
Deutsche Nachdichtung von Marie Prittwitz, erschienen Oktober 2011,
herausgegeben von Steffi Chotiwari-Jünger, Elgudsha Chintibidse, Shaker-Verlag
356 Seiten, 22,80 € / 45,60 SFr oder als PDF-Datei für 5,70 €
"Der Recke/Ritter im Panterfell/Tigerfell" ist ein altgeorgisches Epos und Meisterwerk der Weltliteratur von Schota Rustaweli, geschrieben im 12.Jahrhundert.

The Girl King, By Meg Clothier
CENTURY, £12.99 Order for £11.69 (free p&p) from the Independent Bookshop: 08430 600 030 or £8.31 http://www.amazon.co.uk/Girl-King-Meg-Clothier/dp/1846058201
The "girl-king" is Tamar, proud daughter of a king without a male heir. Surrounded by enemies, stalked by suitors, underestimated and betrayed, she is – in short – Georgia 's Elizabeth I with the distinct advantage for plot purposes of not having been a "virgin queen". The book opens with her fleeing to the Caucasus mountains on Georgia 's northern border, where she lives incognito with a family of highlanders. Drawn back into the war for control of her father's kingdom, she is thrust into the centre of politics when he names her his heir. As queen, she is surrounded by powerful men who would have her, or her kingdom, or, ideally, both.
Georgia, home to both rich farmland and soaring mountains, has an ancient Christian culture that was closely linked to the Byzantine empire until its defeat by the invading Turks. it is almost unknown to tourists. Those who do visit, however, tend to fall in love with the place, thanks to Georgia 's deep red wine, pristine landscape, complex cuisine and noble architecture. It is clear that Clothier is among them.
მეგი კლოტიერის გოგონა მეფე
CENTURY, ფასი £12.99 გამოწერით £11.69 Independent Bookshop-დან: 08430 600 030 ან £8.31 http://www.amazon.co.uk/Girl-King-Meg-Clothier/dp/1846058201
წიგნში წარმოდგენილია თამარ მეფე და შუა საუკუნეების საქართველო. გიორგი III სიცოცხლეშივე აიყვანა სამეფო ტახტზე თავისი ასული თამარ (ვაჟი მას არ ჰყავდა). სამეფო ტახტზე ქალის ასვლა და მეფობა იმ დროს იშვიათი მოვლენა იყო, საქართველოში კი პირველ შემთხვევად უნდა ჩაითვალოს. ამას კარგად გრძნობდა თვით გიორგი III და ამის გამო მან თამარი თავის სიცოცხლეშივე აიყვანა თანამოსაყდრდედ, რათა მისი სიკვდილის შემდეგ თამარს ადვილად შეენარჩუნებინა სამეფო ტახტი.

Visum für Georgier - visa for Georgians >>                    >>Seite

EU Commissioner for Migration and Home Affairs, Dimitris Avramopoulos , speaks about Georgia visa liberalisation during a news conference in Brussels, March 9, 2016. Photo: EU Audiovisual Service
It may take about “three or four months” before the European Parliament and the EU member states decide on the European Commission’s proposal to lift visa requirement for Georgian citizens, EU Commissioner for Migration and Home Affairs, Dimitris Avramopoulos, said.
Abkommen zwischen der EU und Georgien - PDF-Publikation 07.03.2011
Visa-Erleichterungen und Neuzulassungsabkommen zwischen der EU und Georgien werden im März in Kraft treten - 19.01.2011, Civil Georgia
EU unterzeichnet Visaerleichterungsabkommen mit Georgien - 17.06.2010
... Das Visaerleichterungsabkommen soll georgischen Bürgern, insbesondere Vielreisenden, die Erlangung von Visa für kurzfristige Aufenthalte in der EU erleichtern1. Für alle georgischen Bürger wird künftig eine ermäßigte Visumgebühr von 35 EUR anstelle von 60 EUR erhoben; bestimmte Personengruppen sind von der Visumgebühr befreit (z. B. Kinder unter 12 Jahren, Rentner, Behinderte, Studenten, enge Verwandte und Vertreter von Organisationen der Zivilgesellschaft). Darüber hinaus werden die Antragsverfahren für bestimmte Personen, darunter Geschäftsleute, Studenten und Journalisten, vereinfacht. Für vielreisende Bona-fide-Personen werden Mehrfachvisa mit längerer Gültigkeitsdauer ausgestellt. Inhaber von Diplomatenpässen sind von der Visumpflicht freigestellt. Außerdem sind die Konsulate nach dem Abkommen verpflichtet, innerhalb von zehn Tagen über den Visumantrag zu entscheiden. ... Georgien hat die Visumpflicht für EU-Bürger bereits aufgehoben. ...

IN DEUTSCHLAND FÜR GEORGIER - IN GERMANY FOR GEORGIANS                   >>Seite
www.germany-visa.org - www.schengenvisainfo.com - Visum in Detuschland / Visa
http://www.botschaftvongeorgien.de/ - kommerzieller Link, Werbung statt Botschaft!
embassy.mfa.gov.ge - alle georgischen Botschaften weltweit
Botschaft von Georgien-georgisch - Botschaft von Georgien-deutsch - Email: berlin.emb@mfa.gov.ge
Embassy Of Georgia In Germany - facebook.com
ausführliche Kontaktdaten der Botschaft auf der Seite des Auswärtigen Amtes
Studium in Deutschland - Tips vom AmtStaatsangehoerigkeit - Infos vom Innenministerium
www.tiflis.diplo.de - deutsche Botschaft in Tiflis
US-Botschaft in Tblisi, Georgien
US-Handelskammer in Georgien
QSI Internationale Schule von Tbilisi
britische Botschaft / Konsulat / Konsulate in Georgien
französische Botschaft / Konsulat / Konsulate in Georgien
französische Schule in Tiflis: Ecole Marie-Brosset

ÜBERSETZEN, DOLMETSCHEN - TRANSLATIONS                    >>Seite
www.dolmetscher.net/2076
www.georgischdolmetscher.blogspot.com - Übersetzer im Raum Karlsruhe
BADRI SARQUA - Email: BSarqua@aol.com
Am alten Sportplatz 8 - 67434 Neustadt/Weinstraße
Tel: 06321 - 92 97 97 - Fax: 06321-9 333 333 - Mobiltel: 0173-34 43 100

Dokufilme zu Georgien - films about Georgia >>      >>Film

Video über Wein und Festtafel in Georgien - The Georgian Supra - 27.04.2011, BBC
3 minute piece on one of Georgian traditions Georgian Supra. Many thanks to Ana Chankvetadze for finding it. Alo about wine tradition. - BBC-Video

Ostern im Kaukasus - Film im WDR, 25.4.11 - Download
Eine Frühlingsreise nach Georgien - Dokumentation von Juri Rescheto


Politik: wichtige Artikel - politics: important articles >>      >>Seite

Auszug aus dem Interview mit Ex-Botschafterin Gabriela von Habsburg in Berlin:
Georgiens Ziele heißen EU und Nato - 14.09.2010, EurActiv.de
Georgien wird ein starker Partner in einer starken EU sein, prophezeit Gabriela von Habsburg, Botschafterin von Georgien in Deutschland bis 2012, im EurActiv.de-Interview. Die Diplomatin und Bildhauerin übt scharfe Kritik an Russlands Strategie und an westlicher Ignoranz. Sie warnt vor einem Olympia-Fiasko in Sotschi und einer Eskalation im Nordkaukasus. ...
EurActiv.de: Vor zwei Jahren gab es einen großen Konflikt zwischen Russland und Georgien. Wie stellt sich das aus Ihrer Sicht dar?
VON HABSBURG: Der Konflikt zwischen Russland und Georgien hat eine lange, komplexe und bedauerliche Geschichte, die weit hinter den kurzen, aber folgenschweren Krieg vom August 2008 zurückreicht. Eine – aber nur eine – wesentliche Ursache dieses Konfliktes liegt darin begründet, dass Russland sich bis heute nicht mit der Unabhängigkeit Georgiens in den gegebenen Grenzen der georgischen Nation abfinden wollte – also unter der selbstverständlichen Einbeziehung der Regionen von Abchasien und Süd-Ossetien.
Was die Zuspitzung dieses Konflikts in der Zeit vor dem August-Krieg 2008 betrifft, empfehle ich jedem eine genaue Lektüre des Berichts, den Heidi Tagliavini im Auftrag der EU-Kommission als Abschluss ihrer umfangreichen Untersuchungen der Ursachen dieses Krieges vorgelegt hat. ...
UN-Generalversammlung verabschiedet Resolution zu den intern Vertriebenen in Georgien - 08.09.2010, Civil Georgia
Es stimmten 50 Staaten für die Resolution und 17 Staaten mit Russland dagegen bei 86 Enthaltungen. Im Text der Resolution wird von "erzwungenem demographischem Wandel" gesprochen.  A/RES/64/294
Georgia's mental revolution - Seven years after the Rose revolution, Georgia has come a long way - 19.08.2010, The Economist
Reset the Russian Reset Policy - 11.08.2010, Wallstreet Journal


Aktuelle Themen - actual themes >>               >>Seite

Erdgas: Förder-Boom lässt Rohstoffjäger träumen - 22.04.10, Spiegel   >>Extra-Seite
... verfeinerte Bohrmethoden erschließen neue Felder - unkonventionelles Gas, fünfmal so viel wie in den konventionellen Reservoirs ... Europa träumt von der energiepolitischen Entmachtung Russlands ... Polen könnte zur Energie-Mittelmacht werden. ...

>>2014 - Winterolympiade Sotschi - Winter Olympics Sochi
>>2010 - Lokale Wahlen in Georgien
>>
2010 - Kaczynski-Absturz im Anflug auf Smolensk durch Dritte herbeigeführt ?
>>2010 - fiktionaler Imedi TV-Bericht
>>2010 - Russisch-französisches Waffengeschäft Mistral
>>2010 - georgische Klage am Int. Gerichtshof für Menschenrechte
>>2010 - Saakashvili’s State of Nation Address - 26.02.2010, Civil Georgia

>>Regierungserklärungen - State of Nation Addresses in Georgien/Deutschlan
d

berühmte Georgier - famous Georgians >>                  >>Seite
>>Biografien von bekannten Georgiern in der Diaspora


Heilige Nino von Kappadokien brachte den
christlichen Glauben
um 327 nach Georgien.
St. Nino_Convertion - essay about St. Nino

>>Georgische Kirchengemeinden in Deutschland

 







en.wikipedia.org/famous Georgians
- with fotos and linklists

ALTES NEU ENTDECKT - KATHARINA VON GEORGIEN - QUEEN KETEVAN
Wiki.de - Wiki.en - Katharina von Georgien ist ein deutsches Barockdrama von Andreas Gryphius, das exemplarisch den Konflikt zweier Kulturen zeigt, der sich in der Beziehung der beiden Hauptpersonen, der Christin Katharina und dem muslimischen König der Perser, Schah Abbas, widerspiegelt. ...
Online Lesen: Andreas Gryphius - Catharina von Georgien - Projekt Gutenberg.de
Buchkauf-Angebote - Catharina von Georgien - amazon.de
Wiki.en - Ketevan, "the Martyr" (Georgian: ქეთევან წამებული, ketevan ts'amebuli) (1565 – September 13, 1624) was a queen of Kakheti, a kingdom in eastern Georgia. She was killed at Shiraz, Iran, after prolonged tortures for refusing to give up the Christian faith and embrace Islam. ....


Bilder-Galerien - pictures >>                                    >>Seite

ireport.com/viele Bilder über Georgien
Ereignisse in Bildern - Civil Georgia
face.ge -
Land und Leute -
Photomuseum.org.ge - bilder-album.com - Bildergalerie n-ost
Stadtgeschichte von Tbilisi in Bildern -
über Georgien und Kaukasus - Bilder und Infos zu allen Themen

Naturschutzgebiete -
Besuch in Tbilisi-Flick-Dia-Show
Blog: Bilder aus dem Kaukausus - Söhnke Henning Tape


Rote Armee in Tbilisi, Februar, 1921, aus Photomuseum.org.ge

Davit Bakradze, the parliamentary chairman, said on February 23,2009. “Each politician should think thoroughly in order not to repeat what Sergo Orjonikidze did, who sacrificed the country’s independence and unity to his own career."

Geschichte - history >>              >> Seite


KLEINE ZEITTAFEL DER GEORGISCHEN GESCHICHTE
- seit der Altsteinzeit Siedlungen, kulturelle Entwicklung und Kontakt mit antiker Welt
- ab 2100 v. Chr. Entstehung der georgischen Stämme und Sprachen
- Ankunft der Argonauten im 10. Jh. v. Chr.
- ab 6. Jh. v. Chr. Königreich Iberien (Kartli) und Königreich Kolchis (Egrisi)
- bis zur russischen Annexion 1801 unabhängiges Königreich Georgien trotz der Angriffe von Hellenen,
Römern, Persern, Arabern, Seldschuken, Türken, Mongolen
- 1918 „Demokratische Republik Georgien“
- 1921 Anerkennung vom Völkerbund, dann Überfall der Roten Armee, Teilung Georgiens
- 1991 Unabhängigkeit von Sowjetunion
- 1992 Sturz Gamsachurdias - Schewardnadse
- 2003 Rosenrevolution – Saakaschwili
- 2008 keine MAP für Georgien in Bukarest

- 2008 Russische Invasion im August und Sechs-Punkte-Abkommen,

- bist heute: russische Besatzungstruppen in den abtrünnigen Regionen Südossetien und Abchasien 


Georgica - Zeitschrift für Kultur, Sprache und Geschichte Georgiens und Kaukasiens
Die aufgezeichnete Geschichte Georgiens beginnt vor über 3.500 Jahren. Die georgische Sprache mit einem eigenen Alphabet gilt als eine der ältesten Sprachen der Welt. Seit dem 6. Jh. v. Chr. gibt es die georgischen Staaten Kolchis und Iberien und seit 327 n. Chr. das Christentum als Staatsreligion. Im Mittelalter erblüht das vereinigte Königreich Georgien. In diesem „Goldenen Zeitalter“ entstehen Paläste, Klöster, Akademien, große Kirchenbauten und höfische Literatur. Georgien als Verbindung zwischen Europa und dem Orient nimmt teil am Reichtum des Welthandels.


Daten zu Georgien - Data about Georgia - www.government.gov.ge


Welterbe - Stätten in Georgien >>              >> Seite

Historische Kirchen von Mzeheta (K/1994)
Bagrati-Kathedrale in Kutaissi und Kloster Gelati (K/1994)
Bergdörfer von Swanetien (K/1996)

Bergdörfer von Swanetien in Georgien - 08.04.10, Welt
swanetien-initiative.de

Quevri Methode zum UNESCO Weltkulturerbe erklärt - 05.12.2013, georgia-insight.eu
Die Georgische Weinherstellungsmethode in Quevris ist eine von weltweit drei verschiedenen Weinherstellungsmethoden und wurde nun in die Liste des UNESCO-Weltkulturerbe aufgenommen. ...
Zum Welterbe in Deutschland gehören 53 Kultur- und Naturgüter, davon 38 Welterbestätten und 17 Beiträge zum Weltdokumentenerbe. Bisher gehören keine Meisterwerke des mündlichen und immateriellen Erbes der Menschheit dazu... 

Kunst und Musik in Georgien >>          >> Kunst  >> Musik

KUNSTGALERIE BAIA - TBILISI, CHARDIN STR. 10
baiagallery.ge/eng - aktuelle Ausstellungen - frühere - Auktionen
Irakli Parjiani - Katalog-PDF
"Kote Marjanishvili and Stage Design" - Katalog-PDF
Tamaz Kakabadze (Kakacha) - Katalog-PDF
Merab Abramishvili - Katalog-PDF
Fantastic City - Katalog-PDF
Georgian Art From Private Collections XX Century - Katalog-PDF

WEBSEITEN ZU KUNST IN GEORGIEN
Georgian Arts & Culture Center - www.gaccgeorgia.org, 
Tbilisi, Niko Nikoladze-Str.7, Email: gacc@gaccgeorgia.org

art.gov.ge - Georgian art portal
culture.gov.ge - Ministry of Culture and Monument Protection od Georgia


POLYPHONE MUSIKTRADITION IN GEORGIEN
Georgian polyphonic singing - Inscribed in 2008 (3.COM) on the Representative List of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity (originally proclaimed in 2001), Country: Georgia Popular singing has a highly valued place in Georgian culture. Polyphonic singing, in the Georgian language, is a secular tradition in a country whose language and culture have often been oppressed by invaders. There are three types of polyphony in Georgia: complex polyphony, which is common in Svaneti; polyphonic dialogue over a bass background, prevalent in the Kakheti region in Eastern Georgia; and contrasted polyphony with three partially improvised sung parts, characteristic of western Georgia. The Chakrulo song, which is sung at ceremonies and festivals and belongs to the first category, is distinguished by its use of metaphor and its yodel, the krimanchuli and a “cockerel’s crow”, performed by a male falsetto singer. Some of these songs are linked to the cult of the grapevine and many date back to the eighth century. The songs traditionally pervaded all areas of everyday life, ranging from work in the fields (the Naduri, which incorporates the sounds of physical effort into the music) to songs to curing of illnesses and to Christmas Carols (Alilo). Byzantine liturgical hymns also incorporated the Georgian polyphonic tradition to such an extent that they became a significant expression of it. 
Having previously suffered the drawbacks of socialist cultural policies, traditional Georgian music is now threatened by rural exodus as well as by the increasing success of pop music. In many archives one finds recordings of polyphonic songs from the beginning of the twentieth century; these recordings are, however, not secure enough to guarantee the long-term preservation. - Summary description of the project (English)
Georgia a feast of songs - worldmusic.net, about music in Georgia and the song "Chakrulo"
bbc.co.uk/programmes/p0067041 - about the song "Chakrulo"
eteksciki.info/videos/chakrulo
- about the song "Chakrulo"
Chakrulo is an old georgian folk song and has his origin in Kakheti, Eastern Georgia. The people of Kakheti are famous for their vine, so its not astonishing, that the worlds best drinking song comes from there (Yes, Chakrulo is a drinking song, if you speak in terms of a big crowd of happy, pride people, celebrating their cultural heritage together. Thats what I mean by 'drinking song'. French or Americans wouldn't do that.) Chant from Kakheti usually consists of two solo voices, wich are devourced like two grape-vine. They are carried by the Bordan, who is sung by the rest of the choir. Chakrulo was one of the music pieces, wich were fired into space with the Voyager Space Shuttle in 1977.


Georgische Bücher - Georgian books >>        >>Seite

Georgien in der Europeana  - Digitalisierungsprojekt von Kulturgütern

Shota Rustaveli in der Europeana  - alte Ausgaben zum freien Download verfügbar
Tsereteli in der Europeana  - Buchausgaben zum freien Download verfügbar
Gamsakhurdia in der Europeana  - Buchausgaben zum freien Download verfügbar
oder selbst suchen in dem Kultur-Portal europeana.eu, gefördert von der EU

Der Mann im Tigerfelle von Schota Rustaweli - Nationalepos entstanden um 1200, aus dem Georgischen übersetzt von Arthur Leist - * 1852 in Breslau; † 1927 in Tiflis - war ein deutscher Schriftsteller und Journalist. Er lebte in Georgien, übersetzte klassische georgische und armenische Literatur, veröffentliche transkaukasische Studien und war Chefredakteur der Wochenzeitung Kaukasische Post. Er schrieb Werke über georgische Geschichte, Ethnographie und Kultur. 1887 gab er die erste Anthologie georgischer Lyrik in Deutschland heraus, 1889 mit Hilfe Ilia Tschawtschawadses die erste vollständige Ausgabe des georgischen Nationalepos "Der Recke im Tigerfell" in Westeuropa. Leist wurde auf dem Didube-Pantheon in Tiflis begraben.
Ali und Nino von Kurban Said, 1937 - Ausgabe Ullstein
2000 oder andere Ausgaben
Eine kaukasische Liebesgeschichte ...
>>Extra-Seite: Ali und Nino

Mein sanfter Zwilling von Nino Haratischwili - Roman 2011, Frankfurter Verlagsanstalt
Rezension Wir haben hier eine neue Heldin der zeitgenössischen deutschen Literatur. (…) Den Namen Nino Haratischwili sollte man sich merken. Sie traut sich etwas und geht in die Vollen. Sie schreibt über das Schicksal von Familien, über Gewalt in Beziehungen, über die Verheerungen der Kriege. Und ihr Roman wirkt bei alldem an keiner Stelle überladen. Er schlägt die großen Bögen. Er ist ein Epos mit klassischer Wucht, mit hoher Emotionalität und stellt vieles in den Schatten, was in diesem Herbst auf dem deutschen Buchmarkt erscheinen wird - 22.09.2011, dradio.de


Diaspora früher - Diaspora in the past >>        >>Seite


Leuville-sur-Orge - 1922 - über die georgische Exilregierung - about Georgian exile government - with own actual fotos from the graveyard !

"More recently in 1922, it was a refuge of the then exiled Georgian prime minister Noe Zhordania and his government-in-exile who settled there."- Leuville-sur-Orge-wikipedia


Presse - press about Georgian Diaspora >>        >>Seite

DEUTSCH - GERMAN
Rußland - Jagd auf Georgier - F.A.Z., 09.10.2006, von Michael Ludwig
Russische Milizionäre verhaften in Moskau, Sankt Petersburg und anderen Orten Rußlands Menschen auf der Straße, weil sie aussehen wie Georgier. Märkte und Basare werden durchkämmt, um georgische Händler aufzustöbern, die sich womöglich illegal in Rußland aufhalten. Das Raster, das früher auf Personen „kaukasischer Nationalität“ - von Tschetschenen bis Aserbaidschanern - abgestellt war, wurde nun verfeinert. Jetzt geht es vor allem um die südkaukasischen Georgier. ...
... Die Buchhaltung der Russischen Akademie der Künste, deren Vorsitzender der bekannte Bildhauer georgischer Abstammung Surab Zereteli ist, wird plötzlich einer außerordentlichen Kontrolle unterzogen, ebenso der Verlag, der den georgischstämmigen, in Rußland lebenden Schriftsteller und bekannten Autor von Kriminalromanen Grigorij Tschchartischwili unter dem Künstlerpseudonym Boris Akunin verlegt. Akunins Einkommen muß auf einmal ebenfalls überprüft werden. ...


ENGLISCH - ENGLISH
President Saakashvili’s meeting with Georgian Diaspora in Washington, DC

Neue Webseite des "Ministeriums für Diaspora" in Facebook - 15.06.2011:
facebook.com/GeoDiaspora - weiterhin: diaspora.gov.ge


Wechselkurs "georg. Lari"  - exchange rate "Georgian Lari" >>


Landeswährung in Georgien = Georgischer Lari = GEL
Die offizielle Landeswährung in Georgien ist der Lari. Dieser wurde allerdings erst im Jahre 1995 eingeführt, es handelt sich also noch um eine recht neue Währung. Zuvor gab es zwischen 1993 und 1995 eine Art Notwährung (Kuponi), die neben dem russischen Rubel in Georgien im Umaluf war. Der Lari ist konvertierbar, kann also frei gehandelt werden, und ist in Euro umgerechnet rund 50 Cent wert. Die Unterwährung des Lari ist der Tetri, hier entsprechen 100 Tetri dann einem Lari. Das international gültige Währungskennzeichen nach dem ISO-Code für den Lari ist GEL.
Im Umlauf befinden sich sowohl Münzen als auch Banknoten. Die Münzen haben einen aufgeprägten Wert von 1, 2, 5, 10, 20 und 50 Tetri, sowie mit einem Wert von einem und zwei Lari. Banknoten kann man im Wert von 1, 2, 5, 10, 20, 50, 100 und 200 Lari erhalten, wobei auf der Vorderseite aller Banknoten das georgische Bordschgali (Sonnensymbol) zu sehen ist.

Währungsrechner EUR/GEL in Euro - Überblick 2 Jahre

EUR-GEL/201520142013 - 20122011

Wichtigste Wechselkurse des GEL im Überblick-bankofgeorgia.ge - Währungsrechner-market.ge


Uhrzeit in Georgien / BRD - time in Georgia / Germany >>        >>Seite


Georgien - Georgia (GET) - Deutschland - Germany (MEZ / CET)

Georgien: Standard-Differenz UTC: +4:00 Stunden (keine Sommerzeit in Georgien)

  Zeitzone: Georgia Time (GET)

Deutschland: Standard-Differenz UTC: +1:00 Stunde (ohne Sommerzeit)

  Zeitzone: Central European Time/Mitteleuropäische Zeit (CET/MEZ)

Umrechnung: Winter hier 12 Uhr - Georgien 15 Uhr, Sommer 12 Uhr - 14 Uhr

Weltkarte - zeitzonen.de - World Time Map

Weltkarte - weltzeit.de -

Liste mit Weltzeiten - List of current local times around the world

poodwaddle.com - Tbilisi-Zeit und diverse Daten-Counter weltweit,z.B. Ölverbrauch


KALENDER 2010 - CALENDAR 2010

Deutschland - Germany - Georgien - Georgia  - USA - Land auswählen - other country


Wetter in Georgien  - weather in Georgia >>        >>Seite


accuweather.com/Tbilisi stündlich - accuweather.com/Tbilisi 15 Tage - 


Wetter in Deutschland  - weather in Germany >>        >>Seite


wetter.de/Deutschland 5-Tage - Europa 5-Tage - Welt 5-Tage - Klima
wetter.com/Deutschland - Niederschlagsradar - Satellitenbild Europa - Biowetter
wetteronline.de/ - Deutschland - Regenradar - Satelittenbilder - Wirbelstürme
Unwetterlage - Unwetterwarnungen


WETTERVORHERSAGEN FÜR STÄDTE - WEATHERFORECAST FOR CITIES
Hamburg 16-Tage - Berlin 16-Tage - Frankfurt 16-Tage - Karlsruhe 16-Tage

WETTERVORHERSAGEN WELTWEIT - WEATHERFORECAST WORDWIDE
Nordamerika - Mittelamerika - Südamerika - Europa - Asien - Afrika - Ozeanien

SCHNEEHÖHEN - SNOW HEIGHTS
Deutschland - Alpen - Europa - USA: Colorado - California - Utah - New Mexico

HOCHWASSER / PEGELSTÄNDE - HIGH-WATER
Deutschland - Nachbarländer: NL - L - F - CH - A - CZ - PL
Nordsee - Ostsee -
Schleswig-Holstein - Mecklenburg-Vorpommern
Niedersachsen - Sachsen-Anhalt - Brandenburg

Nordrhein-Westfalen - Sachsen - Thüringen
Hessen - Saarland - Rheinland-Pfalz - Baden-Wuerttemberg - Bayern - Bodensee


Landkarten - maps >>                     >>Seite


GOOGLE MAPS - DYNAMISCHE LANDKARTEN MIT GEBÄUDEANSICHTEN

Georgien - Tbilisi - Kutaisi - Batumi - Zugdidi - Telavi - Suchumi - Tskhinvali

Deutschland - Karlsruhe - Berlin - Hamburg - München - Köln - Frankfurt


OpenStreetMap - KARTEN FÜR WESEITEN - MAPS FOR SITES
openstreetmap.org - Georgien - Tbilisi - Deutschland - Karlsruhe
OSM 3D mit XNavigator - das virtuelle 3D Modell von Deutschland erkunden http://gdi3d.giub.uni-bonn.de/Map3DViewer/dist/
Infos zu OpenStreetMap -
Hinweis zur Lizenz?   Alle Daten in der OpenStreetMap-Datenbank stehen unter der Lizenz "Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 2.0" (auf Deutsch: "Namensnennung unter gleichen Bedingungen"). Die Lizenz besagt, dass jegliche Art der Nutzung von OSM-Daten, auch gewerblich, zulässig ist; es muss jedoch angegeben werden, woher die Daten stammen, und jedes Werk, das aus OSM-Daten abgeleitet ist, muss wiederum unter der CC-BY-SA-Lizenz stehen. Jeder darf also zum Beispiel einen Fahrradatlas mit OSM-Karten produzieren und verkaufen – solange er dazu schreibt, dass die Daten von OSM kommen und solange der Fahrradatlas seinerseits die CC-BY-SA-Lizenz hat (das bedeutet wiederum: Jeder darf den Fahrradatlas kopieren oder als Basis für eigene Werke nutzen). Die Lizenz verhält sich ganz ähnlich wie die im Bereich freier Software verbreitete GNU General Public License (GPL). -Weitere Informationen bei: Wiki

MAPQUEST
Georgia

Landkarte von Georgien  - map of Georgia >>        >>Seite

Google-Karte


Landkarte von Deutschland  - map of Germany >>        >>Seite

Google-Karte


Politik - Deutschland - Germany >>        >>Seite

Bundesregierung - News - Fotoarchiv
Auswärtiges Amt - Pressemitteilungen - Georgien - Artikel - Kaukasuskonflikt 2008
Bundestag - Dokumente


Politik - Georgien - Georgia >>        >>Seite

Regierung - Updates - NewsVerteidigungsministerium-georgia ministry of defence
Parlament of Georgia - Abgeordnete - News
Außenministerium - Innenministerium - Finanzministerium - Minister für EU und NATO  - President of Georgia

Permanent representation of Georgia to UN - about us

Wiki: Präsident Micheil Saakaschwili - Gattin Sandra Elisabeth Saakaschwili-Roelofs

Präsident Saakashvili’s UN-Rede in New York - "die neue Berliner Mauer mit Demokratie zum Einsturz bringen" - 25.09.2009, Civil Georgia
The Georgian authorities remain committed to deepen democratic reforms, as “vibrant democracy is one of the best ways to topple new wall” dividing Abkhazia and South Ossetia from the rest of Georgia, President Saakashvili said in a speech to the UN General Assembly.
In his address, Saakashvili mainly focused on Russia’s occupation of Abkhazia and South Ossetia, drawing parallels between the Berlin Wall and “new artificial dividing line… built by the very people whose ideas were collectively and decisively defeated and rejected just 20 years ago” when the Berlin Wall collapsed.
“This new wall tells us that once again the rule of force has trumped the rule of law and the rule of reason,” he said.
Speaking about the road ahead, Saakashvili said he wanted “to state outright” that Georgia did not expect this “new wall” “to disappear overnight.” ...
frühere Reden von Präsident Saakashvili vor der UN:
2008
- 2007 - 2006 - 2005 - 2004


Vertreibung in Georgien -
internal displaced persons IDP in Georgia >>
       >>Seite

WICHTIGE DOKUMENTE - IMPROTANT DOCUMENTS
Internal Displacement Profile - IDMC report, 9 July 2009
Internally Displaced Persons in Georgia: Issues of Concern - Transparency International (TI), 3 April 2009
Aid to Georgia: Transparency, Accountability and the JNA - Transparency International (TI), 30 November 2008
Decree # 47 of the Government of Georgia on approving of the State Strategy for Internally Displaced Persons – Persecuted - Government of Georgia, 2 February 2007


SEITEN - SITES
IDMC - Internal Displacement Monitoring Center, Genf-Schweiz
Dokumente - Landkarten-Maps - Bildergalerie - Photoalbum

About 40 percent of some 200,000 people who remained displaced in Georgia live in “collective centres”...


GEORGIA IDP PROJECT - "post"-conflict IDP livelihoods and social networks, Webseite aus Georgia-USA

Georgisches Ministerium für Flüchtlinge und Vertriebene
Daten - Bildergalerie -

BILDERGALERIEN - PICTURE GALLERIES
http://georgia.idp.arizona.edu/project_gallery.html
Emergency ingeorgia 2008 - UNHCR - Bilder


civil.ge/eng/gallery

IDPs in Gori
UN refugee agency said it was concerned about humanitarian situation in and around Gori. UNHCR said some 4,200 people were registered as internally displaced people (IDP) with all of them from villages in the so-called buffer zone between Gori and the South Ossetian administrative border – the area under the Russia forces’ control.

Georgische Musiker und Musik - Georgian music >>                >>Seite

Theater, Oper, Musik - aus Wikipedia
Georgien zählt 58 professionelle
Bühnen, 39 davon widmen sich dem Drama. Bereits im 3. Jahrhundert v. Chr. wurde in Georgien Theater gespielt. Das Georgische Nationaltheater wurde 1791 in Tiflis gegründet, 1851 das Staatliche Theater für Oper und Ballett. Der Bassist Fjodor Schaljapin debütierte dort als Oberpriester in Giuseppe Verdis Aida. Der Tänzer Georgi Balantschiwadse wurde unter dem Namen George Balanchine einer der international wichtigsten Choreografen. Künstlerische Leiterin des Georgischen Nationalballetts ist seit 2004 die Primaballerina des Moskauer Bolschoi-Theaters, Nino Ananiaschwili.
Die traditionelle georgische Musik ist polyphon. Die musikalische Sprache ist vielfältig und regional äußerst unterschiedlich. Die Stimmführung und Harmonik des georgischen Gesangs sind weltweit einzigartig. Die Entwicklung der georgischen Polyphonie geht der europäischen um mindestens dreihundert Jahre voraus. Nach neuen Forschungen basiert sie neben dem eigenen Notensystem auf eigenständigen theoretischen Grundlagen mit eigenem Tonlagesystem. In den in Texten alter Lieder überlieferten Wörtern vermutet man Ähnlichkeiten mit altsumerischen Sprachen, die für die Sprachwissenschaft von eminentem Interesse sind. Die georgische Musik wurde von der UNESCO in die Liste des Weltkulturerbes aufgenommen.

Hamlet Gonashvili (mit Rustavi Ensemble) - Lied "Chakrulo"
Wichtige georgische Komponisten des 20. Jahrhunderts sind Sachari Paliaschwili, der europäische Klassik und georgische Volksmusik miteinander verband, Otar Taktakischwili, der sich ebenfalls stark an die Volksmusik anlehnte, Sulchan Zinzadse, Sulchan Nassidse und der Avantgardist Gia Kantscheli. Außerdem ist Aleksi Matschawariani zu nennen, der eine Synthese aus Elementen neuerer Musik und georgischer Folklore anstrebte.
Die junge Generation georgischer Komponisten macht mit elektronischer Musik auf sich aufmerksam. Dazu zählen Nikakoi (gebürtig Nika Machaidse), TBA (gebürtig Tusia Beridse) und Gogi.ge.org (gebürtig Gogi Dsodsuaschwili). Seit 2004 ist die aus Georgien stammende britische Jazz- und Blues-Sängerin Katie Melua in Westeuropa erfolgreich.

Klassik: Georgische Musiker im deutschen Sprachraum - Georgian muscians
Dudana Mazmanishvili
Elisso Virsaladze - Videos - Wiki - conservatoire.edu.ge
Georgisches Kammerorchester
Catherine Gordeladze - CDs - Konzerte - Fotogalerie
Elegisch, zigeunerhaft, wunderbar: Khatia Buniatishvili - wiki/Khatia_Buniatishvili
Tamriko Kordzaia
Gamsachurdia-Duo - Zviad und Demetre Gamsachurdia  -
Werdegang der Künstler
Paata Demurishvili
Alexander Geladze spielt zum zweiten Mal im "Haus der Musik"
Vakhtang Kharebava
Kakhaber Tetvadze

Mzia Jajanidze - Zerrissen zwischen Musik und Politik - Badische Zeitung, 2008
Sophiko Simsive erobert die Norderstedter Musikfreunde - 2010, Hamburger Abendblatt
Giorgi Kharadze vierter Träger des Beethovenringes - 28.12. 2007, Stadt Bonn
Elisabeth Leonskaja - Brahms: Piano concerto No.2 II.Andante - youtube 
Tamar Iveri - Videos - ausführliche Biografie
Tamar Iveri und Ramón Vargas singen auserwählte Arien auf dem Wiener Opernball 2009
Nino Matschaidse - gilt als neue Netrebko in Salzburg
Videos: Salzburger Festspiele - Son vergin vezzosa Bologna 2009 - Dieu! Quel frisson court dans mes veines!" - "O mio babbino caro" - Gianni Schicchi La Scala '08 - La Fille du Régiment - Salut à la France - Romeo et Juliette Finale - Lucia di Lammermoor - Eccola - The Mad Scene - "regnava nel silenzio" - Lucia di Lammermoor - Ardon gli incensi - The Mad

Klassik: Georgische Musiker in Europa - Georgian muscians
Nona Javakhidze mezzo-soprano
O don fatale  - O notte grave - "De tous cotés... Lorsque je t'ai vu soudain..." 
Tedo Diakonidze  

Lado Ataneli - Fotos - Kritiken - Videos
- Artikel in deutsch - "Stimme Georgiens"
Lisa Batiashvili - Diskografie - Mein Werkzeug ist die Geige - Zeit-Interview
Videos: Biografie - Brahms Double Concerto Pt.1 - Beethoven's Violin Concerto - Beethoven Violin Concerto 1st mvt (1/3) - Sibelius Violin Concerto 3rdmvt - Sibelius in 1995 - Sibelius Violin Concerto 1st mvt(1/2) - Sibelius Violin Concerto 1stmvt (2-2) - Tsintsadze 6 Miniatures ( Mzkemsuri) - Tsintsadze 6 Miniatures (Suliko) - Tsintsadze 6 Miniatures
(Tzin Tzkaro) 
Liana Isakadze - Videos 
Elisso Bolkvadze  Videos: Sonate de Mozart B-dur - Prokofiev Sonata N7 Theatre des Champs-Elysées 
Iano Tamar Videos: Rockwell Blake & Iano Tamar - Donna del lago - Giovanni Pacini - L'ultimo giorno di Pompei - "Dei! qual fragore" (Raul Gimenez, Iano Tamar & Nicolas Rivenq) 
Anita Rachvelishvili Videos: ARIA DI CHERUBINO-Scala - Arie 
Nino Surguladze - Fotos - Kritiken  Videos:  Bizet: L'amour est un oiseau (Carmen) - Rigoletto en el teatro Real de Madrid - Gioacchino Rossini - Moise et Pharaon - Les Contes d'Hoffmann Torino 2009 1/3 - Les Contes d'Hoffmann Torino 2009 2/3 - Les Contes d'Hoffmann Torino 2009 3/3 - ''MESMIS ZARIS XMA'' Nino Surguladze & Otar Tatishvili DUET - CONCERT FINAL XXXVIII CONCURS "FRANCESC VIÑAS" (2000-2001) 
Nina Kavtaradze - Fotos
Paata Burchuladze
- Fotos Videos: WA Mozart, Requiem - PAOLO OLMI - katie melua and paata burchuladze yellow leaves ყვითელი  
Zurab Sotkilava
- belcanto.ru - By Olga Fyodorova - Video
Interview: I still feel regret for beating two of the greatest band-masters in Georgia George Gagnidze - Bariton

Film über Musik in Georgien - film about music in Georgia >>

Ruth Olshan - "Wie Luft zum Atmen"
Wie die Luft zum Atmen - www.salzgeber.de, ein Film über georgische Musiktradition
www.kinomorgen.de - Die in Moskau geborene Regisseurin Ruth Olshan zeigt, dass den Georgiern die Musik ebenso wichtig ist "Wie Luft zum Atmen". Ruth Olshan


Extra ! Extra ! Extra ! Buch zum Augustkrieg >>              >>Seite

A Little War that Shook the World - Georgia, Russia, and the Future of the West
von Ronald D. Asmus, published by Palgrave Macmillan

The brief war between Russia and Georgia in August 2008 seemed to many like an unexpected shot out of the blue that was gone as quickly as it came. Former Assistant Deputy Secretary of State Ronald Asmus contends that it was a conflict that was prepared and planned for some time by Moscow, part of a broader strategy to send a message to the United States: that Russia is going to flex its muscle in the twenty-first century. A Little War that Shook the World is a fascinating look at the breakdown of relations between Russia and the West, the decay and decline of the Western Alliance itself, and the fate of Eastern Europe in a time of economic crisis.
Rezension in Bloomberg - Kaufangebote in Amazon


Appelle der georgischen Diaspora - appeals by the Georgian diaspora >>                >>Seite

Aufruf an die internationale Politik anlässlich des ersten Jahrestages

der russischen Invasion in Georgien am 08.08.2008

durch die georgische Diasporagemeinschaft in Deutschland

Am 08.08.2008 stießen russische Streitkräfte auf georgisches Territorium vor und – wie später bekannt wurde – waren in den Tagen zuvor bereits reguläre Militärs in Südossetien zu Übungen und Erkundungen eingeschleust worden, z. B. Interview Generalmajor Borisow.

Die internationale Politik erreichte im August 2008 Verhandlungsergebnisse zwischen Georgien und Russland in Form des Sechs-Punkte-Planes mit späteren Zusatzvereinbarungen. Statt der zugesagten Wiederherstellung der Situation vor den Kampfhandlungen in Südossetien und Abchasien erkannte Russland diese als selbstständige Staaten an, schloss militärische Verträge ab und baute dort neue Truppenstützpunkte und Militärflughäfen – entgegen internationaler Verträge und den Prinzipien des Völkerrechts. Weiterhin verhinderte Russland im Alleingang die Fortsetzung der UN-Mission in Georgien (UNOMIG) und der OSZE-Beobachtermission. So wird in den okkupierten georgischen Regionen Abchasien und Südossetien die georgische Bevölkerung weiterhin unbehelligt unterdrückt und vertrieben.

Deshalb rufen wir die internationale Politik und sie persönlich auf,

gegenüber Russland diplomatischen und politischen Druck auszuüben, damit

1. die Anerkennung von Südossetien und Abchasien sofort aufgehoben wird,

2. der europäischen Beobachtermission EUMM dort Zugang gewährt wird,

3. die OSZE- und UN-Mission in Georgien wieder aufgenommen werden kann,

4. die territoriale Integrität Georgiens auch durch Russland respektiert wird,

5. der Sechs-Punkte-Plan vom August 2008 vollständig von Russland eingehalten wird,

6. Premierminister Putin seine Zusagen im Interview vom 30.08.2008 einhält.

Sechs-Punkte-Plan als Waffenstillstandsabkommen, vermittelt durch den französischen Präsidenten Sarkozy zwischen Georgien und Russland, am 16.08. auch von Russland unterzeichnet:

1.   Verzicht auf Gewaltanwendungen

2.   Endgültige Einstellung aller Kampfhandlungen

3.   Gewährleistung eines ungehinderten Zugangs zu humanitären Hilfsgütern

4.   Rückkehr der georgischen Streitkräfte auf ihre ursprüngliche Position

5.   Rückzug der russischen Streitkräfte auf jene Linien, hinter denen sie sich vor Beginn der Kampfhandlungen befunden haben. Die russischen Friedenstruppen sollen zusätzliche Sicherheitsmaßnahmen ergreifen, bis internationale Mechanismen vereinbart sind.

6.   Aufnahme internationaler Gespräche über Modalitäten für die Sicherheit und Stabilität in Südossetien und Abchasien

Quelle: http://www.auswaertiges-amt.de/diplo/en/Laenderinformationen/Georgien/080815-Ratsschlussfolgerung.pdf

Interviewauszug: Im Gespräch mit dem Journalisten Thomas Roth sagte Russlands Premierminister Wladimir Putin in einer ARD-Sondersendung am 30.08.2008 unter anderem:

Roth: Wo sehen Sie die Aufgabe von Deutschland in dieser Krise?

Putin: Wir haben zu Deutschland sehr gute Beziehungen, vertrauensvolle Beziehungen, sowohl politische als auch ökonomische. Als wir mit Herrn Sarkozy gesprochen haben, bei seinem Besuch hier, haben wir gesagt, dass wir keinerlei Territorien in Georgien wollen. Wir werden uns in die Sicherheitszone zurückziehen, die in den früheren internationalen Abkommen vereinbart wurde. Aber da werden wir auch nicht ewig bleiben. Wir betrachten das als georgisches Territorium. Unsere Absicht besteht nur darin, die Sicherheit zu gewährleisten und es nicht so zu machen, dass da Truppen und Kriegsgerät heimlich geballt werden. Und zu verhindern, dass da die Möglichkeit eines neuen Konfliktes entsteht. Dann begrüßen wir die Teilnahme von Beobachtern der EU, der OSZE und natürlich auch Deutschlands. Wenn die Prinzipien der Zusammenarbeit geklärt sind.

Quelle: http://www.tagesschau.de/ausland/putin172.html

weitere Quellen:

Interview von Generalmajor Borisow in “Radio Echo Moskau”: http://www.echo.msk.ru/programs/voensovet/596473-echo/

Report on human rights issues following the August 2008 armed conflict, by Thomas Hammarberg, Commissioner for Human Rights of the Council of Europe - 8 to 12 February 2009


Appeal to the international policy according to the anniversary of the Russian invasion in Georgia in 08/08/2008

by the Georgian diaspora community

In 08/08/2008 Russian troops invaded Georgian territory and – as it later emerged – regular armed forces had been infiltrated for exercises and explorations in South Ossetia in the days before, e.g. interview major general Borisow. The international policy reached in august 2008 as a result of negotiations between Georgia and Russia the six-point peace plan with additional agreements afterwards. Instead of the promised restoration of the situation before the war in South Ossetia and Abkhazia, Russia recognized these as independent states, closed military contracts and built there new military bases and airports – against international treaties and principles of the international law. Furthermore Russia single-handedly blocked the continuation of the UN mission in Georgia (UNOMIG) and the OSCE mission in Georgia. In this way in occupied Georgian regions Abkhazia and South Ossetia the Georgian population is beyond domineered over and displaced unchallenged.

Therefore we call on the international policy and you personally

to exert diplomatic and political pressure on Russia , that

 1. the recognition of South Ossetia and Abkhazia is immediately abolished,

 2. the EU Monitoring Mission in Georgia (EUMM) is allowed to enter these regions,

 3. the OSCE and UN mission in Georgia can be restarted,

 4. the territorial integrity of Georgia is respected also by Russia,

5. Russia completely abides by the six-point peace plan from August 2008,

6. prime minister Putin abides by his promises in the interview from 30/08/2008.

Six-point peace plan as armistice, conciliated by the French president Sarkozy between Georgia and Russia , in 16/08/2008 also by Russia subscribed:

1.   Not to resort to force;

2.   To end hostilities definitively;

3.   To provide free access for humanitarian aid;

4.   Georgian military forces will have to withdraw to their usual bases;

5.   Russian military forces will have to withdraw to the lines held prior to the outbreak of hostilities. Pending an international mechanism, Russian peace-keeping forces will implement additional security measures;

6.   Opening of international talks on the security and stability arrangements in Abkhazia and South Ossetia.

Source: http://www.auswaertiges-amt.de/diplo/en/Laenderinformationen/Georgien/080815-Ratsschlussfolgerung.pdf

Interview abridgement: Russian prime minister Wladimir Putin said to Journalist Thomas Roth among other things in the ARD-TV-program in 30/08/2008:

Roth: Where do you see the task of Germany in this crisis?

Putin: We have to Germany very good relations, trustful relations, both political and economic. When we have spoken to Mr Sarkozy here at his visit, we have said, that we don’t want any territory in Georgia . We shall move back into the security zone, which was agreed in former international treaties. But there we won’t also stay for ever. We consider this as Georgian territory. Our intention is only, to assure the security and not to do it a way, that troops and armours are baled there backdoor. And to prevent, that the possibility of a new conflict arises there. Then we address the participation of observers of the EU, the OSCE and naturally also of Germany , if the principles of cooperation are clarified.

Source: http://www.tagesschau.de/ausland/putin172.html

other sources:

Interview of Generalmajor Borisow in “Radio Echo Moskau”: http://www.echo.msk.ru/programs/voensovet/596473-echo/

Report on human rights issues following the August 2008 armed conflict, by Thomas Hammarberg, Commissioner for Human Rights of the Council of Europe - 8 to 12 February 2009

Aufruf an die internationale Politik anlässlich des Jahrestages der russischen Invasion in Georgien am 08-08-2008 - deutscher Aufruf 2009 als PDF-Datei

Appeal to the International Policy-Anniversary of the Russian Invasion in Georgia in 08/08/2008 - englischer Aufruf als PDF-Datei - english appeal as PDF-file


Appeal to the members of NATO - “NATO-membership for Georgia” - 03.04.2009 >>

Appeal to the International Policy-Anniversary of the Russian Invasion in Georgia in 08/08/2008 - englischer Aufruf als PDF-Datei - english appeal as PDF-file


-NATO  60th Anniversary -

Appeal to the members of NATO

“NATO-membership for Georgia”

by the Georgian Diaspora community, 03.04.2009

The members of the Georgian Diaspora in Europe and the USA send their sincerest congratulations on the occasion of the 60th Anniversary of the Alliance and express all the best wishes for a peaceful future.

Georgian people, even if they live far from their homeland, have strong feelings and emotions about the fate of their beloved and coveted Georgia. Perhaps because of the distance they are worrying even more on what happens there.

And Georgian people have reasons to worry. For 3000 years, conquerors from every direction have coveted this wonderful land. The small Georgian states had to defend their independence against grand peoples like the Greeks, Romans, Persians, Arabs, Seljuks, Turks, Mongolians, Russians, and these peoples came again and again.

Now we appeal to give the independent and democratic states Georgia and Ukraine as quick as possible the MAP or even full NATO membership.

We appeal to continue to support the Georgian government and nation on the way to NATO. A repeat of 1921 – when Soviet Russia attacked and conquered the first democratic Georgian republic, because Georgia was abandoned by democratic Western states – must not happen again. 

We strongly believe that NATO must integrate Georgia and Ukraine, because they belong to a complete European NATO community. Both have European Christian traditions and modern democratic state structures. By plebiscite in Georgia 77% of voters favoured Georgian membership of NATO. Only with their membership is a peaceful and stable future in Europe possible!

The NATO membership of Georgia as the central country and as the transit way for energy and goods in the Caucasus region is a guarantee for peace and stability in the whole Caucasus.  For this purpose the territorial integrity of Georgia must be respected.

Energy security is also very important for NATO members in the future. Georgia as transit country to Europe from the Caspian and Persian region offers alternative routes beside Russia and reduces the already existing dependence on Russian energy net. Therefore security and stability in Georgia creates also security and stability in the whole Caucasus and Europe.

Good neighbourhood relations to the NATO member Turkey could be strengthened and Turkey in its geographical outstanding position would get more assistance and support.

In a certain way the situation of Georgia nowadays is comparable with the situation of West Germany in 1955. The incorporation of West Germany into the organization completed the NATO structure in front of the Soviet Union sphere. This act was directly executed without MAP, even in a tensed pre-war situation and protected Germany against Soviet aggression up to the present. And today is already the 230th day of Russia violating the “six-point peace plan” against Georgia and still occupying 20% of Georgian territory.


We want to commemorate You the history and situation of Georgia:

For 3000 years conquerors from every direction have coveted this wonderful land. The small Georgian states had to defend their independence against grand peoples like the Greeks, Romans, Persians, Arabs, Seljuks, Turks, Mongolians, Russians and these peoples came again and again.

Georgia never started campaigns and wars to conquer land outside of traditional Georgian settlement areas or to oppress neighbours. The culture in Georgia was always high developed, Christian belief became already 327 state religion and the Silk Road through Georgia was connecting Europe with the Orient. Georgia was always a multi-cultural country and lived in peace with religious and ethnic minorities, which were integrated in the society and even state administration. For example Ossetian people came in middle age time as refugees, survived as ethnical group and could keep their language and traditions because of the tolerance of Georgian nation up to the present.

At last the growing Russian empire reached the Caucasus in the 18th century and managed 1801 the annexation of the weakened, for help against Turkey asking Georgia. But brave Georgians survived then the russification in the 19th century with the foundation of the “Democratic Republic of Georgia” in 1918, immediately recognized by Germany and the Ottoman Empire, 1920 by Soviet Union, 1921 by the League of Nations. This, however, did not prevent the country from being attacked by Soviet Russia one month later. The sovietisation started then, because democratic Western states were not ready to recognize the consequences for the future. The elected government of Georgia went into exile in France, about 50,000 Georgians were executed and killed in 1921-1924, more than 150,000 were purged in 1935-1938.

In the time of perestroika freedom-loving Georgian people were the first, who started with demonstrations for freedom and independence in 1989. They could realize this at last in 1991, following examples of European democratic states. This transition got immediately undermined by the Russian influence, which reinstalled the old soviet nomenklatura, using for this also the ethnical conflict zones. The Rose Revolution in 2003 brought to power young politicians, who were educated in Western countries and started a new policy against corruption and for economical development inside the country. In foreign policy Georgia chose the way to EU and NATO, supported by US and European organisations and politicians. Because Russia by itself didn’t go this way to modern democratic structures and tolerant behaviour to his neighbours, at 2008 the Russian government finalized the plans from the past against Georgia and occupied with its military superiority, what they wanted to possess by themselves, Abkhazia and South Ossetia. The other aim, to unseat president Saakashvili, was interrupted by diplomatic international interventions. By the way they damaged the Georgian infrastructure, the reputation of the Georgian government and the hope of a peaceful future in the Caucasus and Europe.


Georgian diaspora recognizes a “dual strategy” of Russian foreign policy:

bargaining, but then realizing and taking, what only they want, ignoring agreements !

The policy of the Russian government still doesn’t respect the free decisions of other nations about their future. This can’t be the political order of the 21th century.

Russian parliament passed an 25% increase of military spending and the government introduced an aggressive style of rhetoric, far away from peaceful cooperation and fair dialogue between nations.

The unilateral recognition of South Ossetia and Abkhazia and the support of the de facto regimes with military equipment shows, that Russia continues heating up the ethnic conflicts and the separatism in Georgia. Additionally Russia started to build military bases in Abkhazia and South Ossetia and signed agreements about military cooperation and protection.

Russia still doesn’t abide by the “six-point peace plan”, signed in August 2008 by Russian President Medvedev, French President Sarkozy and Georgian President Saakashvili.

( Georgia asked for the additions in parentheses, but Russia rejected them. )

1. No recourse to the use of force
2. Definitive cessation of hostilities.
3. Free access to humanitarian aid (addition rejected: and to allow the return of refugees).
4. The Armed Forces of Georgia must withdraw to their permanent positions.
5. The Armed Forces of the Russian Federation must withdraw to the line where they were stationed prior to the beginning of hostilities. Prior to the establishment of international mechanisms the Russian peacekeeping forces will take additional security measures. (addition rejected: six months)
6. An international debate on the future status of South Ossetia and Abkhazia and ways to ensure their lasting security will take place. (addition rejected: based on the decisions of the UN and the OSCE)

by Russian side broken treaties and agreements against Georgia in the past:

1783    Friendship “Treaty of Georgievsk” with Russia, but: no military help against a Persian attack and later annexation in spite of the guaranteed sovereignty!

1920    “Moscow Peace Treaty” with the recognition of Georgia by Soviet Union under the condition, that Georgia should be neutral. Therefore British troops left Georgia and shortly afterwards in 1921 the Red army attacked unprotected Georgia.

1989    „Constitution of the Soviet Union“, which guaranteed the „inviolability of persons“, but on a demonstration in Tbilisi Russian special units killed 22 Georgian citizens.

1991    „Constitution of the Soviet Union“ didn’t allow Russian military help for the Ossetian separatists. In 1990 no formal intervention against Ossetian independence declaration!

1992    Armistice in Abkhazia and 1993 peace treaty in Abkhazia, but both times instead no peacekeeping, military help for separatists and offensive with genocide of Georgians.


We want to remember You to statements and opinions out of the past to Georgia:

German Chancellor Angela Merkel

“Georgia will be, if it wants, and it wants, member of the NATO”, Angela Merkel said in the Georgian capital Tbilisi on Sunday directly after her meeting with the Georgian president Mikheil Saakashvili. “The situation did not change for me at this point.”

(Welt, 17.07.2008)   

Former US-Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice

“And you know, I don’t mean to sound at all cavalier about it, but there was one huge territorial dispute at the inception of NATO. It was called East Germany. And we did not prevent, therefore, West Germany for – from being a founding – for coming into NATO. And ultimately, it was in NATO that Germany not only overcame its division, but overcame its very difficult history with its neighbours through a democratic peace. And we need to remember that history, when we talk about territorial problems for Georgia.”

(Warsaw, Poland, August 20, 2008)

Estonian President Toomas Ilves

“It is highly regrettable, that the NATO couldn´t agree on, to offer these two countries (Georgia and Ukraine) the membership of the Access Programm (MAP). Obviously this was interpreted by Russia, that these countries remain in their area of influence.”

(FAZ, 13.08.08)

Russian President Dmitrij Medwedjew

“NATO provoked the Caucasus conflict.”

(SZ, 19.09.2008)   

Former US-Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice

“The conflict in Georgia, thus, has deep roots. And clearly, all sides made mistakes and miscalculations. But several key facts are clear: On August 7th, following repeated violations of the ceasefire in South Ossetia, including the shelling of Georgian villages, the Georgian government launched a major military operation into Tskhinvali and other areas of the separatist region. ... But the situation deteriorated further when Russia’s leaders violated Georgia’s sovereignty and territorial integrity – and launched a full scale invasion across an internationally-recognized border. … What is more disturbing about Russia’s actions is that they fit into a worsening pattern of behavior over several years now.“

“Russia’s invasion of Georgia has achieved – and will achieve – no enduring strategic objective. And our strategic goal now is to make clear to Russia’s leaders that their choices could put Russia on a one-way path to self-imposed isolation and international irrelevance.”

“We cannot afford to validate the prejudices that some Russian leaders seem to have: that if you press free nations hard enough – if you bully them, and you threaten them, and you lash out – they will cave in, and they’ll forget, and eventually they will concede.”

(Renaissance Mayflower Hotel, Washington, DC, September 18, 2008)


Flugblatt zum Georgienkrieg 2008 - Flyer about the August war 2008 >> 

Vertreibung 2008-Flyer - von georgien-nachrichten.com

Georgien – Sakartwelo

 

Die aufgezeichnete Geschichte Georgiens beginnt vor über 3.500 Jahren. Die georgische Sprache mit einem eigenen Alphabet gilt als eine der ältesten Sprachen der Welt. Seit dem 6. Jh. v. Chr. gibt es die georgischen Staaten Kolchis und Iberien und seit 327 n. Chr. das Christentum als Staatsreligion. Im Mittelalter erblüht das vereinigte Königreich Georgien. In diesem „Goldenen Zeitalter“ entstehen Paläste, Klöster, Akademien, große Kirchenbauten und höfische Literatur. Georgien als Verbindung zwischen Europa und dem Orient nimmt teil am Reichtum des Welthandels.

 

1991  zählt Georgien 5.5 Mio. Einwohner,

69% Georgier, 9% Armenier, 7.4% Russen, 5.1% Aseris, 3.2% Osseten, 1.7% Abchasen u a..

 

kleine Zeittafel

- seit der Altsteinzeit Siedlungen, kulturelle Entwicklung und Kontakt mit antiker Welt

- ab 2100 v. Chr. Entstehung der georgischen Stämme und Sprachen

- Ankunft der Argonauten im 10. Jh. v. Chr.

- ab 6. Jh. v. Chr. Königreich Iberien (Kartli) und Königreich Kolchis (Egrisi)

- bis zur russischen Annexion 1801 unabhängi-ges Königreich Georgien trotz der Angriffe von Hellenen, Römern, Persern, Arabern, Seldschuken, Türken, Mongolen

- 1918 „Demokratische Republik Georgien“

- 1921 Mitglied des Völkerbundes, dann Überfall der Roten Armee, Teilung Georgiens

- 1991 Unabhängigkeit von Sowjetunion

- 1992 Sturz Gamsachurdias - Schewardnadse

- 2003 Rosenrevolution – Saakaschwili

- 2008 keine MAP für Georgien in Bukarest


 Vertreibung und Flucht

von Georgiern aus Abchasien

 

In der Region Kolchis lebten mit georgischen Swanen und Megrelen, Griechen und Abchasen. Mit der Sowjetisierung durch Stalin wurde 1920 die Sotschi-Region an Russland abgetreten und Abchasien ein „autonomer Status“ zuerkannt.

 

1989 lebten in Abchasien 240.000 Georgier, 93.000 Abchasen, insgesamt  525.000 Einw.

 

1. Abchasien-Konflikt 1992-93

Unabhängigkeitserklärung Abchasiens, Feldzug abchasischer Separatisten unterstützt von russischen Truppen, kaukasischen Freischärlern und gebrochenen Waffenstillstandsverträgen, mehrere Massaker an Georgiern und ethnische Säuberung  ( in OSZE-Konventionen bestätigt )

Zivile Tote: bis zu 30.000 Georgier (Andersen)

Flüchtlinge: alle überlebenden Georgier

 

2. Abchasien-Konflikt 2008 – Kodori-Tal

drei Tage nach Südossetien: Angriff auf das von georgischer Regierung kontrollierte Kodori-Tal

Flüchtlinge: 1.500 Georgier (Wikipedia)

 

Georgier als Kriegsflüchtlinge vor der russischen Armee - 2008

 

Die russische Armee dehnt das Schlachtfeld im August 2008 auf ganz Georgien aus: Luftangriffe und Bodentruppen weit außerhalb der Regionen Südossetien und Abchasien !

 

Zivile Tote: weniger als 100 Osseten (HRW),  188 Georgier + 900-1.600 Vermisste (geo.Reg.)

Flüchtlinge: in ganz Georgien 158.000, vorwiegend Georgier, speziell aus Gori-Region 73.000 Georgier (UNHCR), bzw.

insges. 230.000 (georg. Coord. Human Affairs)


Vertreibung und Flucht

von Georgiern aus Südossetien

 

Die Osseten sind direkte Nachfahren der Alanen und die von den altiranischen Sarmaten. Im 13. Jh. kamen Alanen auf der Flucht vor den Mongolen bis in die georgische Region Samatschablo. Erst im 16.-18. Jh. entwickelte sich das heutige ossetische Volk, das fortan eine russlandfreundliche Politik verfolgte. 1921 legt Stalin das „Autonome Gebiet Südossetien“ fest, dreimal so groß wie früherer „Oblast Ossetien“, nun auch georgische Dörfer einschließend

 

1989 lebten in Südossetien 65.000 Osseten, 29.000 Georgier und 5.000 versch. Herkunft, weitere 99.000 Osseten auf Georgien verteilt.

 

1. Südossetien-Konflikt 1918-21

drei Aufstände südossetischer Bolschewiken

 

2. Südossetien-Konflikt 1990-92

Unabhängigkeitserklärung Südossetiens, 500 sowjetische Soldaten unterstützen Südosseten,

Waffenstillstands-Vertrag von Sotschi

Tote: etwa 1.000 insgesamt (OSZE)

Flüchtlinge: 20.000 Georgier aus eigenem uraltem Land (BPB)

 

 

2008 lebten in Südossetien 65000 Osseten und noch 18000 Georgier.

 

3. Südossetien-Konflikt 2008

schon ab 1.8. fortgesetzter Beschuss geor-gischer Dörfer, 150 Militärfahrzeuge der russischen Armee am 7.8. durch den Roki-Tunnel nach Georgien, georgische Armee rückt in die Konfliktzone, 6-Punkte-Friedensplan

Flüchtlinge: 15.000 Georgier (HRW), gezielt

angezündete georgische Häuser und Plünderung

„Georgien am Scheideweg“

Die unabhängige „Republik Georgien“, wieder gegründet 1991 während der Auflösung der Sowjetunion, sucht seitdem politische Unterstützung bei den westlichen Demokratien und Anschluss an die Staatengemeinschaften in Europa, gesellschaftlich, wirtschaftlich sowie sicherheitspolitisch. Seit Beginn der Unabhängigkeitsbestrebungen Georgiens versuchen die Machthaber im Kreml, in Georgien Einfluss zu nehmen, politischen, militärischen und wirtschaftlichen Druck auszuüben, die Region zu destabilisieren, ethnische Konflikte nach Bedarf auf Geheimdienstebene vorzubereiten, das Land und die Regierung in Bürgerkriege zu verwickeln, die gewählten Regierungen als „Diktaturen“ zu diffamieren und selbst „kriminelle Organisationen“ oder so genannte „Oppositionelle“ zu unterstützen, alles nur um in Georgien wieder Verhältnisse wie zu Zeiten der russischen Annexion unter den Zaren und der Sowjetunion herzustellen. Georgien ist aber das einzige Transitland für Gas und Öl nach Europa, das Russland bisher nicht kontrollieren kann, der letzte fehlende Stein im Machtpuzzle, um ein Energiemonopol in Europa zu errichten.

 

Wie bewerten die Georgier den Konflikt ?

Russland versucht mit allen Mitteln Georgiens NATO-Beitritt zu unterbinden, Abchasien und Südossetien zu annektieren und die demokra-tisch gewählte Regierung Saakaschwili durch eine russlandfreundliche Regierung zu ersetzen, wie bereits 1992 geschehen.


Der nicht erklärte Krieg 

Russlands gegen Georgien

 

Nach jetzt vorgelegten Dokumenten des georgischen Nachrichtendienstes war die russ. 58.Armee schon am 07.08. in Südossetien, bevor Georgien reagierte. (NYTIMES,15.09.08) 

Russischer Einmarsch in Südossetien und Gori, im Kodori-Tal in Abchasien, in die Region Zugdidi / Poti an der abchasichen Grenze und Seeblockade an der Schwarzmeerküste

 

 Angriffsziele der russischen Luftwaffe, u.a. die Städte Gori, Poti, Tbilisi, die BTC-Pipeline

( Quelle: Verteidigungsministerium Georgien )

 

Fragmente aus Politik und Presse

 

US-Außenministerin Condoleeza Rice

Bei der Gründung der NATO habe es einen großen territorialen Konflikt gegeben, so Rice. "Der hieß Ost-Deutschland". Dennoch habe man Westdeutschland nicht daran gehindert, der NATO beizutreten. ….."Wir müssen uns an diese Geschichte erinnern, wenn wir über die territorialen Probleme Georgiens reden." (ARD.de, 21.08.2008)

estnischer Präsidenten Toomas Ilves

Es ist im höchsten Grade bedauerlich, dass sich die Nato nicht darauf einigen konnte, diesen beiden Ländern (Georgien und Ukraine) die Mitgliedschaft im Beitrittsprogramm (MAP) anzubieten. Russland hat das offenbar so interpretiert, dass diese Länder in seinem Einflussbereich bleiben. (FAZ, 13.08.08)

Interview mit Wladimir Schirinowski,

Stellv. Vorsitzender der russischen Duma

Georgien muss einfach eliminiert werden! Es muss zwischen allen geteilt werden. (youTube,08/2008)

Russlands Präsident Dmitrij Medwedjew

"Die Nato hat den Kaukasus-Konflikt provoziert." (SZ, 19.09.2008)   

US-Außenministerin Condoleeza Rice

Die USA und Europa dürfen nach ihren Worten nicht zulassen, dass die Regierung in Moskau von ihrem Vorgehen in Georgien profitiert. "Nicht in Georgien. Nirgendwo", sagte sie. "Unser strategisches Ziel ist es, der Regierung in Moskau klarzumachen, dass sie dabei ist, Russland auf einer Einbahn-straße in die selbstgewählte Isolation und internationale Bedeutungslosigkeit zu führen."

(SZ, 19.09.2008) 


Film zum Georgienkrieg 2008 und danach - 

film about the August war 2008 and afterwards >> 

GEORGIA : FACES OF RESISTANCE
Shot a year after the war between Russia and Georgia, this film gives voice to the Georgian people and their long-standing history of resistance, echoing three firm channels: survive, preserve, change.


 
 
Nous sommes heureux de vous annoncer que le film documentaire
GEORGIE : VISAGES DE RESISTANCE
Prix du meilleur film documentaire au Deep Fried Film Festival 2011 (GB)
est désormais disponible en édition DVD.
Géorgie : Visages de Résistance est un long-métrage documentaire indépendant réalisé par Mery Zourabichvili et Stefan Garel.
 

Un voyage à la rencontre du peuple géorgien et de sa longue et protéiforme
tradition de résistance.
 

La version sous-titrée en français est disponible ici:
La versions sous-titrée en anglais est disponible ici:
 
Paiement via Paypal sur le site du film (voir liens ci-dessus) ou bien par chèque à l’ordre de Mery Zourabichvili, 
à envoyer à l’adresse suivante, en précisant la version du film souhaitée:
M. Zourabichvili (film) 3 rue de l’Asile 78 400 Chatou, France
 
Prix DVD: 12 EUR
Frais de Livraison / DVD
   France: 1,50 EUR
   U.E et Suisse: 2 EUR
   Monde (Hors U.E): 2,70 EUR
 
Informations techniques
   Réalisation : Mery Zourabichvili, Stefan Garel
   Format : PAL
   Région : 0 (toutes régions)
   Langues : Géorgien, anglais, français / sous-titres français
   Date de sortie DVD : 20 septembre 2012
   Durée : 66 mn
     Pour plus d’informations, contacter par e-mail: georgie.resistance@yahoo.fr


Artikel zur georgischen Unabhängigkeit 1991 >>

Freiheit, Freiheit!




2008 - gegen das Vergessen - not to forget >>

ZUR ERINNERUNG DIE INTERVENTION RUSSLANDS 2008 GEGEN GEORGIEN 
Russland interveniert in den georgischen Regionen Südossetien und Abchasien und dringt fast bis zur Hauptstadt Tbilissi vor. Zurück bleiben bewachte Mauern zu den von russischen Truppen besetzten Regionen Südossetien und Abchasien: 
Demo 8/2008-Flyer - Vertreibung 2008-Flyer - Geschichte/Ablauf
Vaclav Havel-Appell: Europa muss für Georgien aufstehen - 22. September 2009, guardian.co
Offener Brief: Zwanzig Jahre nachdem halb Europa befreit wurde, wird eine neue Mauer gebaut – quer durch Georgien, sagen Vaclav Havel und andere; ins Deutsche übertragen von "Georgier in Karlsruhe" - PDF
Gastkommentar Günter Verheugen: Schaut auf dieses Land! - 12.08.2011, Welt
Vor genau drei Jahren tobte im Kaukasus ein kurzer, heftiger Krieg zwischen Russland und Georgien. Ein paar Tage lang wandten wir uns dem Thema zu, dann kehrte der politische Alltag ein. Das Problem aber ist weiterhin ungelöst. Irgendwann wird dieser Konflikt wieder ausbrechen, und keine hastigen diplomatischen Shuttlemissionen werden mehr helfen. 
Die Fakten: Die von Präsident Sarkozy im Namen der EU ausgehandelten Bedingungen des Waffenstillstands werden nicht eingehalten. Russland erfüllt seine Verpflichtungen nicht. Moskau hat beide Territorien als Staaten anerkannt und missachtet damit die von der Staatengemeinschaft eingeforderte territoriale Integrität Georgiens. Die russische  Wirtschaftsblockade gegenüber Georgien besteht fort. Auch heute dürfen EU-Beobachter nicht die damals umkämpften Gebiete betreten. 
Das Interesse Russlands ist eindeutig: Moskau will die volle Kontrolle über die Kaukasusregion, und darum soll die Integration Georgiens in die atlantischen und europäischen Strukturen, also Nato und EU, gebremst werden. Mit dieser Politik ist Moskau bislang erfolgreich - weil wir wegschauen. Das ist ein klassisches Lehrstück in (falsch verstandener) Realpolitik. Offenbar geht es um eine Güterabwägung zwischen unseren Beziehungen zum großen Russland und jenen zum kleinen Georgien. Georgien aber ist keine abhängige Variable des jeweiligen Standes der Beziehungen zu Russland. Deshalb muss die Engstirnigkeit dieser Güterabwägung dringend überwunden werden. Es zahlt sich auf Dauer niemals aus, sich mit Machtverhältnissen zu arrangieren, die auf Unrecht gegründet sind - siehe das Debakel der westlichen Politik im nördlichen Afrika. 
Glaubwürdigkeit ist in der Politik das höchste Gut. Im Falle Georgiens heißt das, dass die westliche Politik erstens auf der Einhaltung der Waffenstillstandsbedingungen bestehen und sich zur territorialen Integrität Georgiens bekennen muss, wie es jüngst der US-Senat demonstriert hat. Zweitens muss die westliche Politik für die Aufhebung  der Wirtschaftsblockade eintreten. Hier bietet die von Russland angestrebte WTO-Mitgliedschaft einen guten Ansatzpunkt. Und drittens - wohl das Wichtigste - muss Georgien eine verlässliche europäische Perspektive geboten werden. 
Die EU kann und muss sehr viel mehr tun als bisher. Sie kann ihre politische und wirtschaftliche Präsenz in Georgien erhöhen. Sie kann die beeindruckenden Reformen intensiver unterstützen und sollte dabei nicht vergessen, was sie im Zuge der Osterweiterung gelernt hat: Die Reformfähigkeit der Länder im Osten Europas hängt von der Verlässlichkeit der Angebote der EU ab. Und natürlich gehört Georgien auf die Agenda des Dialogs zwischen der EU und Russland - als Ausdruck des Engagements der EU für die Stabilität der Kaukasusregion. Der Kaukasus braucht keine externen Schutzmächte, sondern die Befriedung seiner Völker. Sonst werden sich die Wunden nicht schließen. Wenn die EU ihrem Anspruch, ein ernst zu nehmender Akteur und Stabilitätsgarant zu sein, gerecht werden will, dann eröffnet sich für sie im Fall Georgiens ein wichtiges Betätigungsfeld.
WELT.de: Die EU will trotz andauernder Menschenrechtsverletzungen ihre Partnerschaft mit dem Energielieferanten Russland ausbauen. Ist das richtig?
Verheugen: Wenn wir unsere Energielieferungen danach aussuchen würden, ob in den Lieferstaaten die Menschenrechte vollständig verwirklicht sind, dann dürften wir unsere Energie nur aus Norwegen beziehen. ...
Günter Verheugen is a German politician who served as European Commissioner for Enlargement from 1999 to 2004 and then as European Commissioner for Enterprise and Industry from 2004 to 2010. 
Der dt. Politiker Günter Verheugen war als Mitglied der Europäischen Kommission tätig als Kommissar für Industrie und Unternehmen; Vizepräsident der Europäischen Kommission (11/2004-02/2010); Kommissar für Erweiterung (09/1999-11/2004) und neue Nachbarschaft (ab 2002).

ZWEI "BERLINER MAUERN" STEHEN IN GEORGIEN, TEILEN DAS LAND -
UND MAN SOLL DARÜBER NICHT MEHR REDEN DÜRFEN VOR DEN VEREINTEN NATIONEN ???
Moskaus Außenamtssprecher Lukaschewitsch zum Verlassen des Saals der russ. Vertreter während der UN-Rede des georgischen Präsidenten: "Sie wollten demonstrieren, dass sie den Einschätzungen von Herrn Saakaschwili nicht zustimmen." 
welt.de
Präsident Saakashvili's UN Speech - 26.09.2013, Civil Georgia
Full Text: Saakashvili's speech as dilivered
In his address to the UN General Assembly on September 25, Georgia’s outgoing President Mikheil Saakashvili lashed out at Russia for mounting “constant pressures and threats” on neighbors and said that “the last authoritarian empire in the world” will fail and its leader Vladimir Putin will vanish from the Russian politics in “few years from now.”
In his speech Saakashvili, whose second and final presidential term nears its end, also mentioned his tenure saying that “many good things” have been done under his leadership, but also added that “some of these things were done at a very high cost.” ...
“Do you think the Kremlin would agree to discuss the de-occupation of our regions of Abkhazia and South Ossetia, now that the government has changed in Tbilisi? Far from it,” he said. “Despite the friendly statements made by the new Georgian government in the recent weeks and months, the Russian military keep advancing positions, dividing communities with new barbwires.” ...
“I want to tell to all Georgian citizens – to those who supported our project, our policies and our party and to those who rejected them – I  want to tell them how proud I am of their maturity and their bravery, how humble I feel looking at the sacrifices and the efforts they have made,” he said. ...
Georgiens Präsident schimpft auf "Diktator" Putin
 - 26.09.2013, welt.de
Die Generaldebatte der UN hat ihren Skandal: Der georgische Präsident Saakaschwili wettert gegen den russischen Präsidenten, den "KGB-Offizier" Putin. Die russischen Vertreter verlassen den Saal. ...

BLOG ZU GEORGIEN
Georgien wird erneut von Russland bedroht - my-economic-world.tumblr.com
Georgien wird erneut von Russland bedroht. Zumindest, wenn man die Äußerungen Wladimir Putins in einer Fernsehsendung vor einigen Tagen richtig versteht. Offensichtlich sehr selbstsicher, versteckt der russische Präsident nicht mehr sein Vorhaben, den Nachbarn zu unterwerfen.
„Es gab einen Plan, das ist kein Geheimnis… Russland hat im Rahmen dieses Plans gehandelt. Er wurde Ende 2006 oder Anfang 2007 vom Generalstab vorbereitet. Er wurde von mir vereinbart und genehmigt.“ Das, was Wladimir Putin seit fünf Jahren verneint, hat er nun im russischen Fernsehen zugegeben: der Krieg 2008 wurde vom russischen Generalstab geplant. ...

EU-Bericht zum Augustkrieg 2008 - Was in der Presse nicht gesagt wurde:
EU-Tagliavini-Kommission-Bericht - Auszüge    >>EU-geförderter Bericht zum Augustkrieg von Heidi Tagliavini-2009
Der EU-Bericht erklärt im Kapitel 6 Teil 4 alle russischen Gewaltanwendungen als nicht gerechtfertigt, ... 
Der Bericht bestätigt auch die Anwesenheit regulärer russischer Streitkräfte in Südossetien vor dem 7.8. und die große Zahl an Provokationen zuvor auf georgischem Territorium. Die Kommission besteht im Kapitel 8 auf der Erfüllung des Sechs-Punkteabkommens, d.h. dem Rückzug der russischen Streitkräfte auf die Positionen vor dem 7.8. und stellt fest, dass dies Russland bis heute nicht erfüllt hat. ... - aus Band 2 
zusammengestellt von georgien-nachrichten.com

Exkurs Regierungskrise/Machtmissbrauch 2014 unter Ivanishvili-Regierung >>

UNM-PARTEI ORGANISIERT KUNDGEBUNG IN TBILISI MIT ANSPRACHE VON EX-PRÄSIDENT SAAKASHVILI
Etwa 30.000 Menschen haben in der georgischen Hauptstadt Tiflis gegen die eigene Regierung und gegen Russland demonstriert. Ihr Protest richtet sich gegen ein geplantes Abkommen zwischen der von Georgien abtrünnigen Region Abchasien und Moskau. ...
...  Viele der Demonstranten trugen georgische und ukrainische Flaggen mit sich und hielten Spruchbänder mit der Aufschrift "Stoppt Putin" in die Höhe.
Video
Thousands of people have been taking part in an anti-Russia protest in the Georgian capital, Tbilisi.
The rally was organised by Georgia's main opposition party, the United National Movement. ...
... Mr Saakashvili addressed the rally by video link from Kiev as the cheering crowd chanted his name.
"Let's show Georgia's government that the nation is united against the serious threat to its independence, its future," he said. Saakashvili's UNM party has accused the ruling Georgian Dream coalition government of not confronting what it claims is Russia's creeping annexation of Abkhazia and South Ossetia. ...
At ‘No to Annexation’ Protest Rally UNM Slams ‘Collaborationist’ Govt - 15.11.2014, civil.ge
Protesters march on Rustaveli Avenue on November 15, 2014. Photo: Eana Korbezashvili/Civil.ge
Thousands of protesters were gathered in Tbilisi center on November 15 at a rally organized by the opposition UNM party against what it calls is Georgian government’s “inaction” amid threat of “annexation” of Georgia’s breakaway regions by Russia.
In his address via video link from Kiev, ex-president Mikheil Saakashvili, who is chairman of UNM party, told protesters, gathered on the Rustaveli Avenue outside the Parliament, that it is now time “for the entire nation to stand united and to tell, before it is not too late, to [ex-PM Bidzina] Ivanishvili that the Georgian nation does not share his dream.”
UNM announced about the intention to hold the rally late last month after Russia-proposed new treaty on “alliance and integration” with breakaway Abkhazia was unveiled and which the Georgian Parliament condemned as “an attempt to annex occupied Abkhazia.” UNM said that it was also going to protest against what it calls the Georgian government’s policy of appeasement vis-à-vis Russia, which, the opposition says, has led to removal issue of the Georgian occupied territories from the international agenda.
Protesters, who were also joined by UNM supporters from some other towns, marched from Rose Square towards the Parliament building on the Rustaveli Avenue, holding a huge banner reading: “Stop Russia.” Some protesters were also holding posters “No to Annexation”, as well as EU, U.S. and Ukrainian flags along side with the Georgian flags, and a huge NATO flag was stretched in the middle of the protest venue at the Parliament.
A protester at UNM-organized protest rally in Tbilisi holds Ukrainian and EU flags as demonstrators, carrying a huge banner reading “Stop Russia”, march on the Rustaveli Avenue on November 15, 2014. Photo: Eana Korbezashvili/Civil.ge
UNM MP Giorgi Gabashvili told the rally that the Georgian government is “deceiving itself, its own people and the entire world as if we are busy with mending our relations with the occupant.”
“No to annexation, down with the occupant, down with the collaborationist government,” MP Gabashvili said. “If the government does not revise its collaborationist policies, the verdict will be delivered and it will be delivered soon.”
UNM MP Irma Nadirashvili said: “I think that a political verdict has already been delivered against our government and these people, who are now standing here, will definitely executive this verdict in a democratic manner and it will happen very soon.”
“We came here because we have no hope in our government. We see slavish silence from our government while Russia prepares agreements for eventual annexation of Abkhazia and Samachablo [referring to breakaway South Ossetia],” she said.
Nika Melia, who was UNM’s Tbilisi mayoral candidate in 2014 local elections, told the rally: “The enemy, standing in 40 kilometers [referring to Russian troops in breakaway South Ossetia], will not be able to harm us, if we don’t have a collaborationist government in 400 meters from here [referring to a government building].”
“[Ex-PM] Bidzina Ivanishvili’s Russian money will never reign in Georgia; Georgia’s fate will never be solved in Moscow; Russia’s positions will never strengthen in our country,” he added.
View of the protest rally venue where two huge screens were installed through which ex-president Mikheil Saakashvili address supporters via video link from Kiev, November 15, 2014. Photo: Eana Korbezashvili/Civil.ge
When ex-President Mikheil Saakashvili, who is wanted by the Georgian authorities on multiple criminal charges, appeared on a huge screen installed at the protest venue, demonstrators greeted him by chanting: “Misha, Misha.”
Speaking via video link from the Ukrainian capital, Saakashvili portrayed situation in Georgia as a struggle between two “conflicting models” – the one, he said, “which we believe in and another one, which Ivanishvili wants.”
Crossed out picture of Russian President Vladimir Putin and posters reading: “No to Occupation” seen at a protest rally in Tbilisi, November 15, 2014. Photo: Eana Korbezashvili/Civil.ge
Saakashvili, who called the rally “march of dignity”, said that on the one hand there is Georgia, which “still struggles for its dignity” and on the other there is Ivanishvili, who wants Georgia to appease “bear” and “follow it obediently to its den.”
He said that “Ivanishvili’s Georgia” is “tailored to the dream of one provincial dictator”.
“On the one hand, there is Georgia, which speaks out loudly against occupation and for our rights, our aspiration to freedom, and on the other hand, they want Georgia, which does not believe that Russia has aggressive plans and intentions against us and other neighbors; on the one hand there is Georgia, which is taking a European path, which believes that only this path can lead us to freedom… and on the other hand, there is Georgia, which disgracefully coordinates which path to follow with Kremlin messenger [Russia’s deputy foreign minister Grigory] Karasin,” Saakashvili said, referring to talks Georgian PM’s special envoy for relations with Russia, Zurab Abashidze and Karasin.              
UNM MP Giorgi Vashadze addresses protesters in Tbilisi center, November 15, 2014. Photo: Eana Korbezashvili/Civil.ge
“Ivanishvili’s Georgia is silent and our Georgia is making a noise, like the Rustaveli Avenue is making a noise today,” he said. “Ivanishvili’s Georgia is alone; we have a huge army of Georgia’s friends.”
 “We should demonstrate to our enemy that its dream to break the neck to the idea of Georgia’s statehood with the help of the fifth column, tricks, bribery, intimidation, oppression, is doomed to failure once and forever and we will bury it.”
The rally was opened late afternoon with a moment of silence in honor of Kakha Bendukidze, who was behind anti-corruption and liberal economic reforms under Saakashvili’s administration, and who died on November 13 in London aged 58. The demonstration ended peacefully without any incidents after Saakashvili’s address, followed by the national anthem of Georgia and the EU anthem, Beethoven’s Ode to Joy.

REGIERUNGSKRISE IN TBILISI NACH ENTLASSUNG DES VERTEIDIGUNGSMINISTERS ALASANIA ?
Nach der überraschenden Entlassung des Verteidigungsministers Alasania treten zwei weitere Minister zurück und die Partei "Our Georgia - Free Democrats" aus dem Regierungsbündnis "Georgian Dream" aus. Das verbale Nachtreten des Premierministers Garibashvili, eingesetzt von Ivanishvili, deutet auf eine gezielte Ausgrenzung der Alasania-Gruppierung aus der Regierungskoalition "Georgian Dream coalition" hin, betrieben durch Strippenzieher Bidzina Boris Ivanishvili, Georgian-Dream-Democratic-Georgia-Parteigründer, Ex-Premierminister nach dem Wahlsieg 2012 und französisch-russisch-georgischer Multi-Milliardär auf Forbes-Liste: 2014 Platz 270, 2012 Platz 164 - 6,4 Mrd. So stellt es sich bisher dar - oder läuft eine innenpolitische Doppelstrategie im Vorfeld der nächsten von 2013Wahlen ?
Georgian and Western officials reacted with serious concern to statements of now sacked Georgian Defence Minister Irakli Alasania, ... Anytime a defence minister makes such powerfully worded statements that question state capacity, there are only two logical outcomes – either tanks will roll in streets to put the country back on course, or the country’s leader should immediately fire his defence minister. Fortunately, the latter was the cases, but the credit for this should be given to both parties who didn’t let emotions get in the way of their country’s democratic development. Though some harsh rhetoric might still finds its way into the media spotlight, it appears the main disagreements will be confined to party offices. ... Until recently, and based on public opinion polling results, there were two key players on the political stage – the GD coalition and the United National Movement (UNM), though both were in different weight categories and the Georgian media was often portraying the UNM as an ultimate opposition. The opposition should become more diverse now that the ex-Defence Minister’s Free Democrats party (FD) has dropped out of the ruling GD coalition. However, can FD in succeed in squeezing the UNM and establish itself as a strong player? ...
Georgiens Premier entlässt den Verteidigungsminister und provoziert eine Regierungskrise: Seine Außenministerin und vier Stellvertreter treten aus Protest zurück, die Parlamentsmehrheit ist dahin. ... Laut Umfragen unterstützen rund 80 Prozent der Georgier den Westkurs. Zugleich gibt es aber starke Widerstände gegen liberale europäische Standards, etwa bei der Gleichberechtigung von Homosexuellen. ... Seither mutmaßen nicht nur politische Gegner, Iwanischwili wolle sich mit Russland arrangieren und regiere aus dem Hintergrund weiter. Vor Letzterem warnte selbst Staatspräsident Giorgi Margwelaschwili, der mit Unterstützung des Oligarchen gewählt worden war. ...
Ernüchterung nach dem "Georgischen Traum" - 06.11.2104, derstandard.at
Analyse | Josef Kirchengast
Die Regierungskrise in Tiflis verstärkt Spekulationen über eine Änderung des bisher klar prowestlichen Kurses ... Petriaschwili sagte im Fernsehen: "Die Diktatur kommt nach Georgien. Unsere Demokratie ist in Gefahr." ...
Der abrupte Rücktritt mehrerer pro-europäischer Minister hat in Georgien eine Regierungskrise ausgelöst und in Brüssel die Sorge verstärkt, ein wichtiger westlicher Partner in der Region könnte sich wieder mehr in Richtung Moskau orientieren. ... Der frühere schwedische Außenminister Carl Bildt: „Das gesamte Team, das im Ausland in Verbindung gebracht wird mit der Öffnung Georgiens zum Westen, ist entweder zurückgetreten oder wurde entlassen.“ Auch wenn Russland vermutlich nicht selbst hinter der Entwicklung stecke, „gibt es keine Frage, dass es Menschen im Kreml gibt, die Georgien Applaus spenden.“ ... Länder wie Georgien, Moldawien, Armenien und Kasachstan sind im Streit über die künftige politische Orientierung der Region zwischen die Fronten des Westens auf der einen und Russland auf der anderen Seite geraten. ... Jacek Sariusz-Wolski, ein führender Experte in Fragen der Außenpolitik im Europäischen Parlament: „Die unsichtbare Hand Russlands hat Georgien von seinem europäischen Kurs abgebracht.“ ...
Georgiens Außenministerin Maja Panjikidse sieht den proeuropäischen Kurs der ehemaligen Sowjetrepublik in Gefahr und ist deshalb zurückgetreten. Die europäisch-atlantische Integration sei für sie und ihre Mitarbeiter die wichtigste Angelegenheit, sagte Panjikidse heute vor Journalisten. ... Georgien kommt als Transitland bei der Energieversorgung vom Kaspischen Meer nach Europa eine große Bedeutung zu.
Am Dienstag die Entlassung des Verteidigungsministers, nun der Rücktritt von Außenamtschefin Pandschikidse: In Georgiens Regierung scheint der Europa-freundliche Kurs - Russland lässt grüßen - an Fahrt zu verlieren. ... Der Minister hatte Regierungschef Irakli Garibaschwili vorgeworfen, das Streben der Schwarzmeerrepublik in die Europäische Union wie auch in die NATO zu sabotieren. Ausdrücklich betonte Garbaschwili nach dem Rauswurf seines Verteidigungsministers deshalb, dass auch er selbst nach wie vor einen Beitritt Georgiens zu EU und NATO anstrebe. ...
Ex-defense minister Irakli Alasania, whose Free Democrats party has quit ruling Georgian Dream coalition, said on Friday that he met ex-PM Bidzina Ivanishvili on November 6 to discuss recent political developments in the country.
“We have exchanged views about the current political situation in the country. It was a very sincere conversation,” Alasania told journalists in the Parliament in Tbilisi, where he is meeting parliament speaker Davit Usupashvili.
 “An agreement was reached that we should proceed the political process in a way that will not damage the state – that was mainly the substance of our conversation,” Alasania said, adding that “many issues” were also discussed on which he would speak publicly.
Ivanishvili, who was present at meetings of GD leadership council which were held this week in response to crisis within the coalition, is expected to speak about the recent events in an interview with Georgian public broadcaster, planned for Saturday evening.
... 
06.11.2014, 
... Garibashvili said that “people will learn lots of things and surprises” about Alasania.
“And it will be a shame for him and his team members, who will also learn many surprises about him,” Garibashvili said.
Calling the ex-defense minister “adventurer, stupid and ambitious”, Garibashvili said that Alasania’s “completely irresponsible, absurd” allegations about Georgia’s Euro-Atlantic choice being under attack are “damaging the country.” He said that these allegations were made “in style” of opposition UNM party’s “lies”.
“Personally for me what Alasania has done is a betrayal of October 1, 2012 victory [of the Georgian Dream in parliamentary elections]. This is yet another attempt to deceive the Georgian people – he has done it more than once previously and our population will see it, they will see many surprises,” Garibashvili said. ...
The U.S. Department of State noted with “concern” PM Irakli Garibashvili’s decision to dismiss Defense Minister Irakli Alasania and his deputy ministers, and the subsequent resignations of State Minister for European and Euro-Atlantic Integration and Foreign Minister.
“We have greatly appreciated the work of these ministers in service to their country and in partnership with the United States,” reads the statement of State Department spokesperson Jen Psaki.
“At a time of regional turmoil and domestic economic challenge, it is in Georgia’s interest to demonstrate stability, unity, commitment to due process and the rule of law, and public confidence in democratic institutions. We urge all parties to work towards these goals and to focus on securing Georgia’s Euro-Atlantic future.”
“We call upon the Georgian government to take steps to dispel perceptions that the judicial system is being used for political purposes, and to demonstrate its commitment to our shared democratic values,” reads the statement.
Irakli Alasania, ex-defense minister and leader of the Free Democrats, said on November 5 that his party quit the Georgian Dream ruling coalition.
... If the Free Democrats quit GD, which seems likely, the ruling parliamentary majority will lose 10 seats in the Parliament and consequently will also lose majority; although remaining the largest group, it will have 73 seats, instead of current 83, in the 150-member Parliament. ...
PM Sacks Defense Minister Alasania - 04.11.2014, Civil.ge
PM Irakli Garibashvili said late on Tuesday evening that he has dismissed Defense Minister Irakli Alasania.
Mindia Janelidze, who is a secretary of the state security and crisis management council at the PM’s office, will replace Alasania on the post of Defense Minister, the PM said.
Garibashvili’s announcement about firing of the Defense Minister came less than four hours after Alasania said that recent developments involving arrests of MoD and general staff officials, as well as newly filed charges against army medical officers are “obviously politically” motivated and represented an “attack on Georgia’s Euro-Atlantic choice.”
PM Garibashvili slammed Alasania’s remarks as “completely irresponsible” and said that Georgia’s Euro-Atlantic integration is “irreversible.”
“Violations revealed in the Ministry of Defense and related investigation have become a topic of active discussions in the public in recent days. Issue of procurements in the Ministry of Defense became topic of discussion of our government more than once over which ex-Defense Minister Alasania has been given censure and instructions. Despite of that investigative agencies have exposed whole set of violations and relevant legal reaction was made through launching criminal investigation. In recent days an obvious confrontation by the Defense Minister is being observed against the investigative agencies and there is an attempt to politicize the issue,” PM Garibashvili said.
“Instead of contributing to the investigation in order to help establish objective truth into the case, Irakli Alasania’s actions are causing politicization of the Defense Ministry and of the armed forces, which is categorically inadmissible for me and which affects negatively on our country’s security and government’s efficient work,” he said.
“We have stated for multiple times that fighting corruption is one of the priorities of our government and we are and will be uncompromising in case of exposing such facts no matter which agency or minister is involved – this is our principled position,” Garibashvili said.
“In order to avoid politicization of the Georgian armed forces and the politicization of the Georgian Ministry of Defense and in order to provide relevant conditions for an independent investigation, I have decided to dismiss the Defense Minister,” he said.
“Alasania’s irresponsible statement that this investigation in the ministry is an attack on country’s Euro-Atlantic choice, is completely irresponsible.”
“I want to reiterate once again what I have said for multiple times already that our country’s Euro-Atlantic integration is the choice of not only of our government by the choice of our people and this process is and will be irreversible,” the PM said.
“Georgian government’s foreign policy course, which involves the Euro-Atlantic integration does not and will never depend on any single minister’s position or opinion. So [Alasania’s] statement was completely irresponsible,” Garibashvili said.
“I had a meeting yesterday with [lawmakers from Alasania’s] Free Democrats faction, which is a member of the [GD ruling] coalition. I had a very open conversation with them and in their presence I asked Alasania questions, which were coming from the prosecutor’s office, and which I, as the Prime Minister, also have, but I have not yet received any reasoned answer, except of his abstract opinions and groundless responses,” Garibashvili said.
“I also want to state that our country’s Euro-Atlantic integration does not mean that alleged misspending of GEL 4 million should be taking place in the Ministry of Defense,” he said, referring to charges which have been filed against one former and four serving MoD and general staff officials, who were arrested on October 28.
Then referring to newly filed charges against other general staff officials from the medical service, who are accused of alleged negligence in cases of servicemen’s foodborne illnesses last year, Garibashvili said: “The minister who fails to solve the issue of food for soldiers for two years [since Alasania was the defense minister] of course cannot be considered as an efficient minister and he would have definitely been dismissed anyway even for that reason only.”
“And the minister, who purportedly was awarding his friends with tender and procurement [contracts] of course could not have stayed on this very responsible post,” Garibashvili said.
The PM said that the Georgian Dream ruling coalition will hold a meeting of its main decision-making body, political council, on Wednesday, and also invited at the meeting Alasania and his Free Democrats party, which formally still remains part of the GD coalition.
“Alasania and his party, as a member of the coalition, have all the rights to attend the meeting of political council and I want to say that I want to also convene an expanded meeting of the political council and I want Free Democrats parliamentary faction members to also attend this meeting,” Garibashvili said.
Alasania said late on November 4 that he would be attending GD’s political council meeting on Wednesday.
Mindia Janelidze, 36, whom the PM said would replace Alasania on the post of the Defense Minister, is not a political figure and is relatively little known to wider public.
Janelidze, who is currently secretary of the state security and crisis management council, was director of the counter-intelligence department at the Ministry of Interior since late 2012 when now PM Garibashvili held the post of the Interior Minister.
Zur Erinnerung Ivanishvilis "Rückzug aus der Politik": Ivanishvili: 'Ich werde die Politik in eineinhalb Jahren verlassen' - 24.10.2012, Civil Georgia
During a meeting with parliamentary minority group on October 24, incoming PM Bidzina Ivanishvili was asked by a United National Movement lawmaker whether he would quit politics in two years as he had once already said.
“Not in two years, even earlier,” Ivanishvili responded. “I may quit politics in year and a half.”
Ivanishvili said that from the very first day of entering into politics, he was saying that he would remain in politics from two to three years.
“I am in politics for one year already, I mean the time when I was in the opposition,” Ivanishvili continued. “Now after we won the elections I plan to leave the politics in year and a half, but I am not going to leave the country.”
“I will leave behind such a team [in the government], which will deliver on all of our promises, but I won’t give up responsibility over my promises and I plan to be an active member of the civil society,” he said.
“The society should learn how we should elect and how to then keep [governments] accountable; that’s where I plan to stand together with the civil society rest of my life in order to have European type of society,” Ivanishvili added.

RESOLUTION ZU GEORGIEN IM EUROPARAT WIRFT NEUER REGIERUNG U.A. MISSBRAUCH DER JUSTIZ UND UNBILLIGEN DRUCK UND ANFEINDUNGEN GEGEN DIE UNM-OPPOSITION VOR
PACE - Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe - Parlamentarische Versammlung des Europarates - Resolution 2015 on Georgia
Resolution 2015 (2014) - The functioning of democratic institutions in Georgia - Origin - Assembly debate on 1 October 2014, assembly.coe.int
Author(s): Parliamentary Assembly
Origin - Assembly debate on 1 October 2014 (32nd and 33rd Sittings) (see Doc. 13588 and addendum, report of the Committee on the Honouring of Obligations and Commitments by Member States of the Council of Europe (Monitoring Committee), co-rapporteurs: Mr Michael Aastrup Jensen and Mr Boriss Cilevičs). Text adopted by the Assembly on 1 October 2014 (33rd Sitting). 
1. The Parliamentary Assembly welcomes the smooth conduct of the 2012 parliamentary and 2013 presidential elections in Georgia, which, despite a polarised and acrimonious election environment, were overall democratic and in line with European standards. These elections mark the first time in Georgia’s recent history that the political power has changed hands peacefully and democratically through the ballot box. All the political forces should be congratulated on this achievement, which should be an example for the whole region.
2. The otherwise smooth handover of power was accompanied by a polarised and antagonistic political climate, especially during the period of cohabitation between the then President Milheil Saakashvili and the Georgian Dream coalition government. The Assembly regrets that these tensions sometimes overshadowed the many positive changes that were taking place in the democratic environment of Georgia. The United National Movement (UNM) has reported that several thousand of its activists and supporters were regularly interrogated and intimidated by various investigative agencies (some up to 30 times). A number of major opposition figures, including members of parliament, were violently attacked. It has to be noted that two years on, almost the entire leadership of the former ruling party has been arrested or is under prosecution or investigation: former Prime Minister and UNM Secretary General, Vano Merabishvili, former Defence Minister, Bacho Akhalaia, and former Tbilisi mayor and UNM campaign manager, Gigi Ugulava, are in prison (pre-trial detention). The judicial authorities have charged the former President, Mikheil Saakashvili, and ordered pre-trial detention in absentia, as well as for former Minister of Defence, David Keserashvili, and former Minister of Justice, Zurab Adeishvili. The emergence of a strong and experienced opposition, combined with a well-organised ruling coalition, has strengthened the role of the parliament and parliamentarianism in the political system in Georgia. Moreover, on a number of occasions, the parliament has managed to find consensus solutions to major political challenges. In the view of the Assembly, these are important developments and a major evolution of the political environment in the country.
3. With regard to the reform of the Constitution, the Assembly:
3.1. calls on the parliament to ensure that the changes to the Constitution address all the remaining recommendations of the European Commission for Democracy through Law (Venice Commission) on the 2010 Constitution as well as the concerns of the Assembly regarding the remaining ambiguities in the division of powers and the systemic vulnerability to inter-institutional conflict;
3.2. urges all political forces to agree on an election system that can count on a broad consensus and that strengthens the pluralistic nature of the country’s political institutions. In this respect, the Assembly invites all stakeholders to consider the proportional–regional election system, based on open lists, which seems to have the agreement of most, if not all, political forces in the country; 
3.3. urges all the parties concerned to refrain from adopting amendments with contentious or divisive language or that would undermine the rights of any minority in the country;
3.4. welcomes the establishment and composition of the State Commission for Constitutional Reform as a clear sign that the authorities wish to amend the Constitution in an consensual and inclusive process and calls on all stakeholders to contribute constructively to this process;
3.5. recommends that the State Commission for Constitutional Reform closely co-operate with the Venice Commission in the drawing up of the constitutional amendments and request a formal opinion by the Venice Commission on the proposed amendments before they are adopted by parliament. 
4. The Assembly recalls its concerns about the independence of the judiciary and administration of justice in Georgia. In that respect, it welcomes the adoption of a comprehensive reform package for the judiciary and justice system that aims to ensure genuine independence of the judiciary and a truly adversarial justice system. The Assembly welcomes signals that the judiciary is now working more independently. However, it also notes that the proceedings in sensitive legal cases, including against former government members (some of them being leading opposition members), have revealed continuing vulnerabilities and deficiencies in the justice system that need to be addressed. Moreover, it regrets that the Georgian Parliament could not find the consensus necessary to elect all of its six members in the High Council of Justice. Further reforms of the judiciary, including of the prosecution services, are therefore necessary. In this respect, the Assembly:
4.1. suggests that the parliament considers a further amendment to the organic law of Georgia on the courts of general jurisdiction that would require at least two rounds of voting, with sufficient time for negotiations in-between, before lowering the threshold from a two-thirds majority to a simple majority to elect the parliament’s appointees to the High Council of Justice. In the view of the Assembly, this will facilitate and encourage agreement between the ruling majority and the opposition on the members of the High Council of Justice elected by the parliament;
4.2. calls on the parliament to contemplate considerably lowering the three-year probation period for judges to be appointed to a life term of office, in order to bring it into line with European standards; 
4.3. urges the parliament to amend the law on administrative offences with a view to removing the possibility of custodial sentences for such offences;
4.4. while welcoming the recent decrease in its use, expresses its concern about the continued widespread use of pre-trial detention in Georgia. The Assembly emphasises that detention on remand should only be used as a measure of last resort, when there is a clear risk of absconding, interference with the course of justice, or a serious risk that the person will commit a serious offence or pose a threat to public order and it should not be used for political purposes. It calls on the authorities to adopt clear guidelines for the prosecution and courts for the use of detention on remand, in order to ensure full adherence with the requirements of Article 5 of the European Convention on Human Rights (ETS No. 5) and Committee of Ministers Recommendation Rec(2006)13 on the use of remand in custody, the conditions in which it takes place and the provision of safeguards against abuse;
4.5. expresses concern over the widespread application of asset freezing to family members of opposition figures and former government officials in criminal cases not involving allegations concerning illicit assets;
4.6. urges the Georgian authorities to implement fully the provisions of the Code of Criminal Procedure on witness testimonies and jury trials.
5. The Assembly notes that the media reforms initiated by the authorities are considered by the Representative for the Freedom of the Media of the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE) to be an improvement over previous legislation and in line with international standards. The Assembly welcomes the fact that these reforms address several of its previous recommendations. It regrets that these reforms were unnecessarily politicised in the tense pre-electoral political environment. 
6. The Assembly expresses its concern about the apparent politicisation of the public broadcaster and the recent difficulties experienced by the parliament in appointing an independent and impartial board of trustees to oversee its work. It considers this to be a signal that both the majority and the minority in parliament are attempting to politicise the composition and work of the board of trustees and ultimately the public broadcaster itself. Further amendments to the Law on Broadcasting need to be adopted obliging the parliament to appoint a board of trustees on the basis of the candidates proposed by the independent and impartial public selection committee that is foreseen in the law. In this context, the Assembly urges the Georgian Parliament to adopt the transitional measures necessary to implement the Constitutional Court decision with regard to the dismissal of the previous board of trustees. 
7. With regard to the recently adopted organic law on local self-government, the Assembly:
7.1. welcomes the fact that all gamgebeli and mayors of self-governing cities are now directly elected. In this respect, it suggests also considering the election of regional governors;
7.2. expresses its concern about the provisions that allow for the impeachment by the local councils of mayors and gamgebeli on any grounds. The Assembly considers that the impeachment of directly elected local officials, as well as the grounds on which this can be initiated, should be clearly prescribed and circumscribed by law;
7.3. takes note that this law, which affects the election procedure in local elections, was adopted only a few months before local elections were due to take place.
8. The Assembly takes note of the numerous changes in local governments in Georgia as a result of local councillors and city officials resigning or switching sides following the change of power at national level. While resignations and switching between parties is part of the democratic process, it is unacceptable if it is the result of duress. The Assembly is therefore seriously concerned by credible reports that a number of these changes were the result of undue pressure on local United National Movement (UNM) activists by supporters of the ruling coalition. The Assembly is also concerned by reports of violent disturbances of the campaign activities of the UNM, allegedly by Georgian Dream supporters, as well as reports that a considerable number of opposition candidates in the local elections, mainly from the UNM, withdrew their candidatures, allegedly under pressure from the authorities. There can be no place for such actions in a democratic society. The authorities should take prompt and effective measures to immediately halt such action and remedy the situation where necessary. The leaders of the ruling majority should give a clear and unambiguous signal to their supporters that any undue pressure on local officials, and disturbances of the political activities of the opposition, will not be tolerated. 
9. The Assembly takes note of the large number of allegations of possible criminal conduct by former government officials during their tenure. At the same time, it is seriously concerned about allegations that the arrests and prosecution of a number of former government officials are politically motivated and amount to selective and revanchist justice. The Assembly: 
9.1. underscores that there can be no impunity for ordinary crimes, including – and especially – those committed by government officials and politicians, whether current or past;
9.2. calls on the Georgian authorities to ensure that the investigation and prosecution of former government officials are conducted impartially, transparently and in full respect of the principles of a fair trial, as enshrined in the European Convention on Human Rights. It emphasises that not only should selective or politically motivated justice not take place, it should also be seen to be not taking place;
9.3. takes note of the charges filed against former President Saakashvili and, while emphasising that no one is above the law, urges the authorities to ensure that, given the charged political climate in the country, the legal proceedings, including requests for pre-trial detention, against him are not influenced by political motivations;
9.4. urges the authorities to investigate fully and in a transparent manner any allegations of improper conduct by law-enforcement agencies or the prosecution in relation to these cases;
9.5. considers that the introduction of jury trials for former government officials accused of having committed ordinary crimes is an important and positive step to help guarantee the impartiality of their trials;
9.6. taking into account the considerable tensions in the political environment created by these prosecutions, welcomes the suggestion by the authorities of a possible amnesty for all but serious crimes committed by former government officials;
9.7. expresses its concern about the length of the pre-trial detention of former Defence Minister Bacho Akhalaia and asks the authorities to use all legal means available to replace his detention on remand with some other non-custodial precautionary measure.
10. The Assembly welcomes the peaceful and calm conduct of the local elections on 15 June and 12 July 2014, which took place in an improved electoral environment. However, it expresses its concern about isolated violent incidents during the campaign period and about the allegations of pressure on, and intimidation of, candidates to withdraw their candidatures, which created a charged and contentious campaign environment. It calls on the authorities to fully, and transparently, investigate the reports of pressure on, and intimidation of, candidates to resign and, if violations are found, to prosecute perpetrators in line with the Georgian legislation.
11. The Assembly underscores the importance of an independent and impartial civil service. The alleged practice of hiring and dismissing civil servants on the basis of party affiliation by both previous and current governments runs counter to this principle and should be stopped.
12. The Assembly takes note of the large number of complaints filed by ordinary citizens with the prosecutor general for alleged miscarriages of justice and abuses of the justice system under the previous authorities, including forced plea bargaining, violations of property rights and ill-treatment while in prison. These allegations need to be properly investigated and, if need be, addressed. However, the Assembly wishes to underscore that any mechanism established to address these allegations should be a judicial procedure that fully respects the separation of powers, the independence of the judiciary and the obligations of Georgia under the European Convention on Human Rights.
13. The Assembly welcomes the law on the elimination of all forms of discrimination that was adopted on 2 May 2014 and which significantly enhances the legal framework for the protection of persons from discrimination. It takes note of concerns by civil society that the draft law would lack effective mechanisms to implement its provisions. The Assembly therefore suggests that the authorities conduct a comprehensive evaluation of the results of this law one year after its adoption, with a view to improving the effectiveness of the implementation mechanisms contained in it, if need be.
14. The increase of intolerant discourse and discriminatory acts against minorities, especially sexual and religious minorities, in Georgian society is of concern. The Assembly is concerned by the lack of effective investigation and prosecution of hate crimes against minorities. The authorities need to make clear that such behaviour will not be tolerated and that any perpetrators of violent or discriminatory acts will be prosecuted. There can be no impunity for such acts, irrespective of who committed them. All stakeholders, and especially representatives of political parties and institutions that hold high moral credibility in Georgian society, should refrain from divisive language and acts that could incite intolerance or deteriorate the situation of minorities. The Assembly welcomes the adoption by the Georgian Parliament in May of the new Human Rights Strategy and Action Plan.
15. With regard to the repatriation of the deported Meskhetian population, the Assembly considers that the repatriation programme has mostly focused on providing a legal repatriate status to the eligible applicants and not on facilitating the actual repatriation itself. In addition, the Assembly takes note of the long delays in the granting of citizenship to those who have received repatriate status. The Assembly therefore reiterates the need for a comprehensive repatriation strategy and in that context welcomes the adoption by the Georgian Government of a “State Strategy on Repatriation”.
16. The Assembly calls on the Georgian authorities to sign and ratify, without further delay, the European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages (ETS No. 148), which is an accession commitment of Georgia to the Council of Europe. Noting the misconceptions that exist in Georgian society regarding the Charter, the Assembly recommends that the Georgian authorities organise an awareness campaign, with the involvement of civil society and the media, targeted at the different stakeholders in this process, with a view to clarifying the provisions of the Charter and its requirements.
17. The Assembly expresses its concern about the systemic illegal surveillance of citizens by the Georgian law-enforcement agencies, which violates the country’s obligations under the European Convention on Human Rights. While welcoming recent measures to address this issue, the Assembly considers that comprehensive legislation is urgently needed to regulate data collection and surveillance by law-enforcement agencies. 
18. The Assembly takes note of the report “Georgia in transition” by the European Union’s Special Adviser for Legal and Constitutional Reform and Human Rights in Georgia, and former Council of Europe Commissioner for Human Rights, Thomas Hammarberg, and supports its conclusions and recommendations, as well as those contained in his follow-up report.
19. Georgia has made marked progress in its democratic development over recent years, although it has been overshadowed by the arrest and prosecution of almost the entire leadership of the former government party and former high officials, which raises questions about the eventual use of the justice system for political purposes. It is now important for it to overcome the antagonism, polarisation and sense of revenge that are still present in the political environment and for political stakeholders to contribute constructively to the further democratic consolidation of the country. The Assembly stands ready to assist the Georgian authorities and Parliament in this work.
PACE Debates on Georgia - 02.10.2014, Civil.ge
After a heated debate on October 1 the Parliamentary Assembly of Council of Europe (PACE) adopted a resolution on “the functioning of democratic institutions in Georgia”, which was opposed by the ruling GD members of the Georgian delegation and supported by opposition UNM.
Initial draft of resolution was prepared by PACE’s co-rapporteurs on Georgia based on their report, which was part of PACE’s regular activity of monitoring how the country honors its obligations undertaken upon its accession to the Council of Europe (CoE) in 1999.
But the initial draft was revised after amendments, many of them pushed for by UNM opposition members of the Georgian delegation, were endorsed by PACE’s monitoring committee a day earlier and then by the Assembly session on October 1.
Many of those amendments made the draft more critical of the Georgian authorities than it originally was.
Michael Aastrup Jensen of Denmark and Boriss Cilevičs of Latvia, the two co-rapporteurs on Georgia, were strongly against of some of those amendments, arguing that the proposed changes were turning their “balanced” report into a “partisan” one.
“If amendments are approved it actually steals the report in a completely different way [from] what we were trying to paint in our report,” PACE’s co-rapporteurs on Georgia Michael Jensen said.
“I am quite saddened by that, because Georgia is a very polarized place… We tried to write a report that is somewhat balanced, but still addressing different issues that still are in Georgia. But if the amendments are approved… then it will also take polarization and partisanships that are in Georgia into our report in this Assembly,” Jensen said, adding that it’s “completely a shame”, because PACE should not be taking sides in Georgia’s internal politics, instead should “try paint a picture as correctly as it is.”
 While presenting the draft at the session, Jensen said that despite of problems, “all in all we see progress” in Georgia and another co-rapporteur Boriss Cilevičs said that Georgia is “on the right track, but there is still long way to go.”
He said that some of the commitments undertaken by Georgia while joining the Council of Europe in 1999 still remain unfulfilled. He noted cases of intolerance towards religious, sexual minorities and also said that although the government is condemning such cases, the authorities are not taking sufficient measures to investigate and prosecute perpetrators. Repatriation of Meskhetians, he said, remains a problem and ratification of the language charter is still pending.
‘Progress Overshadowed’
The resolution notes “marked progress” in democratic development over recent years in Georgia, but after one of the amendments was added, the adopted text also says that this progress “has been overshadowed by the arrest and prosecution of almost the entire leadership of the former government party and former high officials, which raises questions about the eventual use of the justice system for political purposes.”
 Members of the Georgian delegation from the ruling GD coalition were strongly against of adding to the resolution a paragraph calling for replacing lengthy pre-trial detention of ex-defense minister and former prison system chief Bacho Akhalaia with other non-custodial measure. In the resolution the Assembly “expresses its concern about the length of the pre-trial detention of former Defence Minister Bacho Akhalaia and asks the authorities to use all legal means available to replace his detention on remand with some other non-custodial precautionary measure.”
The issue of prosecution of former senior government members and now opposition leaders dominated debates, which preceded the vote.
Pieter Omtzigt, a Dutch lawmaker from the group of European People’s Party (EPP), said: “The fact that almost whole former government can in a little while hold a cabinet meeting in a prison cell somewhere in Tbilisi is quite worrisome.”
Tiny Kox, a lawmaker from the Netherlands, who chairs Group of the Unified European Left in PACE, said the fact that “so many former politicians are now in prison is a very bad signal.”
 Roger Gale, a British Conservative MP, who is a member of European Democrat Group in PACE, said that “the Georgian Dream has turned into a nightmare” and ex-PM Bidzina Ivanishvili exercises “power without responsibility” and called Georgian cabinet members “puppet ministers.” He also said that amendments, which were endorsed by the monitoring committee, were needed in order to “give this report some real teeth.”
 Echoing co-rapporteurs’ position, a Swiss lawmaker Luc Recordon from the Socialist Group said that many of the proposed amendments were “radically” changing the report prepared by co-rapporteurs and added that some PACE members, unlike co-rapporteurs, were rushing to conclusions without properly checking facts on the ground.
Georgian Dream lawmaker, Eka Beselia, who chairs human rights committee in the Georgian parliament, said during the debates that calling for change of Akhalaia’s pre-trial detention for non-custodial measure “will be considered as a pressure on the independent court.” “There is no political persecution in Georgia; it was in the period of Saakashvili’s [presidency],” she added. 
 UNM MP Giorgi Kandelaki, a co-sponsor of many of the amendments, said during the debates that proposed changes were endorsed by the monitoring committee with overwhelming majority and rejecting them would be “utterly inappropriate and not respectful” of the committee members.
“Government of oligarch Bidzina Ivanishvili, who made his fortune in Russia, has been obsessed with the agenda of political retribution. By now this agenda has gone too far; Georgian democracy is backsliding,” MP Kandelaki said and called on the PACE to adopt the resolution with the proposed amendments because it would “help Georgia to slow down this democratic backsliding.”
“Ivanishvili is repeating path of [Ukraine’s former president Viktor] Yanukovych. Remember what Yanukovych was saying when he was prosecuting his opponents – that it’s ‘rule of law, I can’t interfere’. Ukraine’s experience showed that we must not buy these arguments, because they lead to disastrous consequences and we don’t want Georgia to explode,” he added.
‘Georgia’s Political Polarization Sweeps into PACE’
In his closing remarks PACE co-rapporteur on Georgia, Boriss Cilevičs said he disagrees with allegations voiced by some speakers that some former government members were prosecuted because they are now in the opposition. He said there are cases in which “credible allegations” exist and these allegations should be properly investigated.
He said that the PACE should not be telling Georgia not to prosecute someone just because a person was once a minister.
“Our mission is to follow that all the investigations, all the trials are held in full conformity with our own principles… and we wrote this in our draft resolution. When we notice violations, we speak about it and criticize our Georgian colleagues, but to say ‘no, don’t prosecute the former government in general’ – it’s politicized,” Cilevičs said. “Polarization is really harmful… We must do our best to help Georgia to overcome this polarization. If some superficial, not corresponding to the facts, amendments will be adopted today, it will not help Georgia, it will help some politicians and will deepen polarization, so this is why we, the co-rapporteurs, cannot agree with this.”
Another co-rapporteur, Michael Jensen, said: “We have a polarization in Georgia and this polarization has also swept into this Assembly.”
“I think co-rapporteurs’ work in this report is balanced, but we are also frank in our assessments and also in our proposals what Georgia should do. Therefore it is very important that two to three amendments… are being voted down, because if they are voted for, the report will stir in a completely different way and will be a partisan report,” Jensen said. 
Cilevičs voted against the amended draft of resolution and Jensen abstained; the resolution was passed with 103 votes to 27. 
The resolution “expresses concern over the widespread application of asset freezing to family members of opposition figures and former government officials in criminal cases not involving allegations concerning illicit assets.” The measure was applied in case against ex-president Mikheil Saakashvili. Co-rapporteurs spoke against inserting this wording in the draft, arguing that use of wording such as “widespread” in regard to this measure was factually incorrect.
Only one controversial amendment, which was expressing concern over ex-PM Bidzina Ivanishvili’s “reported interference… in the Georgian Government’s decision making”, was voted down.
There was a motion to send the report and the draft resolution back to the monitoring committee, but the proposal was rejected.
Minority Rights
The resolution expresses concern over “the increase of intolerant discourse and discriminatory acts against minorities, especially sexual and religious minorities, in Georgian society.”
“The Assembly is concerned by the lack of effective investigation and prosecution of hate crimes against minorities. The authorities need to make clear that such behaviour will not be tolerated and that any perpetrators of violent or discriminatory acts will be prosecuted,” reads the resolution.
“There can be no impunity for such acts, irrespective of who committed them. All stakeholders, and especially representatives of political parties and institutions that hold high moral credibility in Georgian society, should refrain from divisive language and acts that could incite intolerance or deteriorate the situation of minorities,” it says.
Several lawmakers from the Turkish delegation, as well as an Azerbaijani MP proposed adding to the text call for meeting “the demands of the Muslim community in the country for the construction of new mosques.” This proposed amendment was rejected by the Assembly.
PM to UNM: ‘Stop Partisan Struggle Against the State’
PACE was still debating on the draft resolution, when in Tbilisi PM Irakli Garibashvili expressed hope that the amendments, which were opposed by GD members of the delegation, would not have been added to the final text. He said that UNM, backed by its partner European People’s Party (EPP), “is very active there” at the PACE.
“Some amendments have been made [to the initial draft], but I think our delegation will respond to all the existing questions. Everyone should take into consideration reality that is in Georgia; the will of people has been expressed; we have different reality and I am sure [GD members of the delegation] will be able to demonstrate this reality as it is. I hope that – whether EPP or others – will not accept rumors and groundless allegations leveled by the [United] National Movement,” Garibashvili told journalists on October 1.
Next day, when commenting on the adopted text, PM Garibashvili said that there was no reason to make a stir because of this resolution. He suggested that it was passed because of EPP’s “solidarity” towards its partner party, UNM. 
“They [EPP] expressed solidarity towards the issues that were pushed for by the UNM. In fact there is no reason whatsoever to create a stir about it. If you have seen the main text of resolution, it speaks only positively… The wording that was made in reference to Akhalaia and Saakashvili – I do not deem it alarming. This is yet another attempt by the UNM to fight against its own state, its own people… This [resolution] is an expression of political parties [representing in PACE] and they [UNM] portrays it as if it is a call by the Council of Europe,”  
“These people [referring to UNM] now tell people that they have achieved adoption of an incredible resolution – they have achieved nothing. These people fight against the state… People know the reality… and they [UNM] are marginalizing themselves every day… Their reintegration into the society will be very difficult, so I call on them to stop this partisan struggle against their own state and people; what they are doing is damaging for the country; they fail to harm us by doing it, but they are damaging the state,” Garibashvili told journalists on October 2.
Giga Bokeria, a foreign secretary of the UNM party, said that PM’s such reaction was not a surprise. He said that Garibashvili’s rhetoric is similar to the one of “representatives of the authoritarian regimes, like Putin and others, for whom criticism from Europe amounts to state treason and action against the state, and who think that they are the state and fail to differentiate between the government and the country.”

Exkurs Ukraine-Konflikt und Russland >>           Ukraine-Seite >>

UKRAINE LIVE-TICKER-SEITEN

Die Vollversammlung der UN hat die Annexion der Krim durch Russland mit großer Mehrheit verurteilt. Eine Resolution fand die Zustimmung von 100 Staaten, nur 11 stimmten dagegen, 58 Ländern enthielten sich. Deutschland stimmte dafür. ...

...

ABKOMMEN VON MINSK DER TRILATERALEN KONTAKTGRUPPE 
Original signed in Minsk - This document is available in Russian language only. 
Hier in einer inoffiziellen, deutschen Übersetzung: Das Protokoll der Ergebnisse der Kontaktgruppe-Konsultationen, gerichtet auf die Umsetzung des Friedensplans des Präsidenten der Ukraine, Petro Poroschenko, und der Initiativen des Präsidenten Russlands, Wladimir Putin.
Der Text der Erklärung ist nur im russischen Original verfügbar, diese inoffizielle Übersetzung wurde für die Ukraine-Analysen angefertigt:
Ausgehend von den Ergebnissen der Begutachtung und Diskussion der Vorschläge, die von den Teilnehmern der Konsultationen in Minsk am 1. September 2014 eingebracht wurden, hat die Dreiseitige Kontaktgruppe bestehend aus Vertretern der Ukraine, der Russischen Föderation und der Organisation für Sicherheit und Zusammenarbeit in Europa ein Einverständnis erreicht bezüglich der Notwendigkeit der Umsetzung folgender Schritte:
    Gewährleistung eines sofortigen beidseitigen Waffenstillstandes.
    Gewährleistung der Überwachung und Überprüfung des Waffenstillstands durch die OSZE.
    Durchführung einer Dezentralisierung der Macht, u. a. durch die Verabschiedung des ukrainischen Gesetzes "Über die befristete Ordnung der lokalen Selbstverwaltung in bestimmten Bezirken der Regionen Donezk und Luhansk" (Gesetz über den besonderen Status).
    Gewährleistung einer permanent aktiven Überwachung der ukrainisch-russischen Staatsgrenze und ihre Überprüfung von Seiten der OSZE durch die Schaffung einer Sicherheitszone in den grenznahen Gebieten der Ukraine und der RF [Russischen Föderation].
    Unverzügliche Freilassung aller Geiseln und gesetzwidrig festgehaltenen Personen.
    Verabschiedung eines Gesetzes über die Nichtzulassung von Verfolgung und Bestrafung von Personen im Zusammenhang mit den Ereignissen, die in einzelnen Bezirken der Regionen Donezk und Luhansk in der Ukraine stattgefunden haben.
    Fortführung des inklusiven gesamtnationalen Dialogs.
    Verabschiedung von Maßnahmen zur Verbesserung der humanitären Lage im Donbass.
    Gewährleistung der Durchführung vorgezogener Lokalwahlen im Übereinstimmung mit dem ukrainischen Gesetz "Über die befristete Ordnung der lokalen Selbstverwaltung in bestimmten Bezirken der Regionen Donezk und Luhansk" (Gesetz über den besonderen Status).
    Abzug der ungesetzlichen bewaffneten Einheiten, Militärgeräte sowie der Kämpfer und Söldner aus dem Gebiet der Ukraine.
    Verabschiedung eines Programms zum wirtschaftlichen Wiederaufbau des Donbass und Wiederherstellung der Lebensfähigkeit der Region.
    Sicherstellung der Garantie der persönlichen Sicherheit der Teilnehmer der Konsultationen.
Die Teilnehmer der Dreiseitigen Kontaktgruppe:
Botschafterin Heidi Tagliavini [Unterschrift]
Zweiter Präsident der Ukraine L. D. Kutschma [Unterschrift]
Botschafter der RF [Russischen Föderation] in der Ukraine M. Ju. Surabow [Unterschrift]
A. V. Sachartschenko [Unterschrift]
I. V. Plotnizki [Unterschrift] 
Die Zugeständnisse der Ukraine an die Separatisten sind groß: Laut der OSZE verspricht die Regierung einen Sonderstatus des Ostens und eine Amnestie für illegale Kämpfer. ...
Die Kämpfe in der Ostukraine sollen bald vorbei sein, zumindest vorerst: Im Bild ruhen sich ukrainische Soldaten in der Hafenstadt Mariupol aus. Die Kämpfe in der Ostukraine sollen bald vorbei sein, zumindest vorerst: Im Bild ruhen sich ukrainische Soldaten in der Hafenstadt Mariupol aus. (Bild: Sergei Grits / Keystone)
Die Ukraine und die prorussischen Separatisten haben in Minsk ein Protokoll über eine Waffenruhe unterzeichnet. Sie soll seit 17 Uhr gelten. Bis jetzt halten sich beide Parteien offenbar daran. ...

OSTUKRAINE: ILOWAJSK - MASSAKER UND WENDEPUNKT DURCH RUSSISCHE ARMEE
Weltspiegel extra - TV-Sendung am 02.09.2014:
Ein ARD-Team begleitet eine Woche lang das ukrainische Freiwilligen-Batallion "Mirotworetz". ...
Am frühen Sonntagmorgen, den 24. August, bricht das ukrainische Freiwilligen-Batallion "Mirotworetz", übersetzt "Friedenstruppe", auf nach Ilowajsk im Süden von Donezk. Die Männer sind aktive oder pensionierte Polizisten. Ihre Aufgabe ist es, im sicheren Hinterland Checkpoints zu bauen und den kämpfenden Einheiten den Rücken freizuhalten. ... Nach fünf dramatischen Tagen haben die Eingeschlossenen mit ihren Gegnern einen Konvoi vereinbart, der auch Tote und Verletzte aus dem Kessel von Ilowajsk bringen soll. Drei Stunden lang warten 45 Fahrzeuge auf den Befehl, loszufahren. Dann wird der Konvoi plötzlich mit Mörsern und Granaten beschossen. Viele Fahrzeuge, auch ukrainische Panzer und Schützenpanzer, gehen in Flammen auf. Von mehr als 400 Männern entkommt nur ein Drittel, die weiteren werden gefangengenommen oder getötet.
Ilowajsk war die erste große Niederlage der ukrainischen Verbände nach Monaten stetiger Erfolge. Diese Augusttage gelten als Wendepunkt in der Ostukraine – ausgelöst durch eine massive Verstärkung der Separatisten durch russische Militärtechnik, Freiwillige und aktive Soldaten.
... Hundreds of Ukrainian troops are feared to have been massacred by pro-Russian forces who allegedly reneged on a deal to allow them to retreat.
Soldiers loyal to Kiev had been attempting to pull out of a besieged town 22 miles east of Donetsk.
Bodies were said to be littering an agreed retreat route where dozens of prisoners were taken by rebels. ... Ukrainian volunteer battalions said soldiers had been waving white flags when they were fired on from all sides as they left Ilovaisk. ... The commander of the largest volunteer battalion trapped in the town named Russian units involved as the 137th Regiment of the 32nd Division of the Russian army and Ninth Tank Brigade. ...

DER KREML UND DIE "VERNEBELUNG" - EU-POLITIKER ERKENNEN DIE RUSSISCHE INVASIONSSTRAGIE
Deutscher Außenminister Steinmeier: "Das Ganze hat nur Sinn, wenn Russland mit offenen Karten spielt und wenn die Vernebelung von Sachverhalten, wie wir sie heute morgen gesehen haben, wenn das endlich ein Ende findet".  ... Der schwedische Außenminister Carl Bildt sagte, man müsse die Dinge beim Namen nennen. "Das ist die zweite russische Invasion der Ukraine innerhalb eines Jahres. Wir sehen, dass die regulären russischen Truppen offensiv auf ukrainischem Territorium gegen die ukrainische Armee vorgehen." ...

Zur Erinnerung: Bei der russischen Invasion im August 2008 in Georgien war der Kaukasus in Wolken und Nebel gehüllt, ohne mögliche Satellitenbeweisbilder zu russischen Trupppenbewegungen... und der Absturz der polnischen Regierung 2010 ist beim Anflug auf das russische Smolensk in plötzlich aufgetretenem Nebel geschehen ...

Die Vertragsverletzung des Sechs-Punkte-Abkommens vom 16.08.2008 durch Russland !

... The Associated Press reported that Russian-backed separatists held control Friday of the coastal town of Novoazovsk on the new front in the Ukraine conflict. The separatists also announced their intention to keep pushing west toward a major port city. None of the half-dozen tanks seen by Associated Press reporters in the town of about 12,000 people bore Russian markings, but the packaging on their field rations said they were issued by the Russian army. ...
NATO’s Allied Command Operations in Mons, Belgium on Thursday (28 August 2014) released new satellite imagery that show Russian combat forces engaged in military operations inside the sovereign territory of Ukraine. "Over the past two weeks we have noted a significant escalation in both the level and sophistication of Russia’s military interference in Ukraine,” said Brigadier General Nico Tak, Director of the Comprehensive Crisis and Operations Management Centre at Allied Command Operations. "The satellite images released today provide additional evidence that Russian combat soldiers, equipped with sophisticated heavy weaponry, are operating inside Ukraine’s sovereign territory,” he said. ... "Russia is reinforcing and resupplying separatist forces in a blatant attempt to change the momentum of the fighting, which is currently favouring the Ukrainian military," Brigadier General Tak said. "Russia's ultimate aim is to alleviate pressure on separatist fighters in order to prolong this conflict indefinitely, which would result in further tragedy for the people of Eastern Ukraine," he added. ....
... chief-of-staff General Petr Pavel: If the Russian army crossed the Ukrainian borders, the Czech military command counts with deploying some 1,200 soldiers along the border in order to protect it together with the police. Further military units would be sent to guard strategic sites such as nuclear power plants and energy distribution facilities. ... “Russia's military activities and the annexation of [Ukraine's] Crimea have burdened the country's budget. This would soon afflict the living standard of common Russians, whose understanding for Russia's further military intervention would become much weaker than what it seems today,” Pavel said. ...

UKRAINE-KRIM-KRISE: RUSSLAND MOBILISIERT TRUPPEN AN DER OSTGRENZE
The Ministry of Foreign Affairs is concerned with the rearrangement of Russian troops on the border regions of Ukraine. The ministry’s Director of Information Policy, Yevhen Perebyynis, reported at the briefing, according to Ukrainski Novyny. "According to our law enforcement agencies, the rearrangement of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation is ongoing in the border areas of Ukraine, especially in the Bryansk region," he said. The diplomat noted that there is a concentration of military equipment near the settlement of Churovichi in Klimovo District of Bryansk Oblast, which is about 18 km from the Ukrainian border. He said that on March 25, two military echelons totaling 60 cars with personnel and equipment arrived at the Klimovo railway station in Bryansk Oblast. In addition, Perebyynis said that the deployment of communication and management was spotted. Also, platforms with modules for accommodating personnel, equipment staff, medical facilities and military field bases were identified. He stressed that Russia is actively using drones for aerial reconnaissance and monitoring the situation in the border regions. To date, the Russian Defense Ministry has justified its troops presence near the north-eastern border of Ukraine by carrying out planned exercises lasting until April. The State Border Service reported that the number of provocations by the Russian soldiers near the border has increased. The Ukrainian border guards estimated that just over the past day incursions by Russian unmanned aerial vehicles occurred more than 40 times near the border at different sites. In addition, 11 violations of the airspace over Crimea were observed.
Security guarantees for Ukraine do not work, so the country is forced to look for other ways of protection, Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs of Ukraine Danylo Lubkivskiy announced. He made this statement ​​in response to a question about whether Ukraine could promise Russia to remain a non-aligned state...

DEJAVU - UKRAINE, 28.02.2014 - ENTEIGNUNG AUF RUSSISCH MACHT AUCH VOR STAATEN NICHT HALT
21.19 Uhr: Übergangspräsident Alexander Turtschinow forderte den russischen Präsidenten Wladimir Putin auf, die "Aggression" auf der Krim zu stoppen.   >> siehe weiter unten ... Zunächst Rückblick auf Georgien 2008:

UKRAINE, 28.02.2014 - ENTEIGNUNG AUF RUSSISCH MACHT AUCH VOR STAATEN NICHT HALT
21.19 Uhr: Übergangspräsident Alexander Turtschinow forderte den russischen Präsidenten Wladimir Putin auf, die "Aggression" auf der Krim zu stoppen.
21.13 Uhr: Nach Angaben Kunizyns landeten 13 russische Flugzeuge mit jeweils 150 Soldaten in der Nähe der Hauptstadt der autonomen Teilrepublik. Der Luftraum sei daraufhin geschlossen worden.
21.07 Uhr: Auf einer Militärbasis nahe Simferopol sind nach Angaben des Vertreters der ukrainischen Präsidentschaft auf der Halbinsel Krim mehr als 2000 russische Soldaten gelandet. Der Sondergesandte Sergej Kunizyn sprach am Freitagabend im Fernsehen von einer "bewaffneten Invasion". Auf der Krim hatten zuvor Bewaffnete in einheitlichen Uniformen ohne Erkennungszeichen die Kontrolle über zwei Flughäfen übernommen. ...
+++ 18:26 Merkel mahnt Russland zu Zurückhaltung +++
Bundeskanzlerin Angela Merkel / Präsidenten Wladimir Putin / Ukraine: ... unterstrich die Kanzlerin ihre Sorge wegen einer möglichen Destabilisierung des Landes, ... Mit Blick auf die Krim warb sie um Zurückhaltung. ... weiterhin engen Kontakt ... halten.
+++ 17:39 Putin: Gewalt darf nicht weiter eskalieren +++
In seiner ersten Äußerung zur Krise in der Ukraine seit Tagen hat Russlands Präsident Wladimir Putin dazu aufgerufen, eine weitere Eskalation der Situation zu vermeiden. Putin habe bei Gesprächen mit europäischen Staatsführern "die extreme Bedeutung" betont, keine weitere Eskalation der Gewalt zu erlauben, teilte der Kreml mit. Demnach sprach er sich in Telefonaten mit dem britischen Premier David Cameron, Bundeskanzlerin Angela Merkel und EU-Ratspräsident Herman Van Rompuy für eine rasche Normalisierung der Lage aus.
Die Situation im Süden der Ukraine spitzt sich zu. Die wichtigsten Ereignisse im Überblick ...
Neue Entwicklungen in der Ukraine-Krise: Der gestürzte Präsident Janukowitsch gibt sich angriffslustig. Auch sollen 2000 russische Soldaten auf der Krim gelandet sein. ...
 ARD-Korrespondentin Golineh Atai berichtete außerdem von russischen Truppenbewegungen auf der Krim. Nach ukrainischen Angaben landeten 2000 russische Soldaten auf einer Militärbasis nahe der Regionalhauptstadt Simferopol. Russland bestätigte lediglich, den Schutz seiner Schwarzmeerflotte zu verstärken. "Wir betrachten das als Aggression", sagte der ukrainische Botschafter Juri Sergejew nach einer eilig anberaumten Sondersitzung des UN-Sicherheitsrates. "Deshalb ruft die Regierung meines Landes die Vereinten Nationen auf, diese Verletzungen zu verurteilen." ...
Enteignung auf Russisch - 18.02.2014, arte.tv
Mit dem Zerfall der Sowjetunion wurde das russische Staatseigentum im großen Stil privatisiert. Seitdem ist der Besitz im Land ungleichmäßig verteilt: Es gibt sehr reiche Menschen, die immer reicher werden, und extrem Arme. Doch seit es im Land Privateigentümer gibt, treten andere auf den Plan, die ihnen dieses Eigentum wieder wegnehmen wollen ...

JANUKOWITSCHS UKRAINE, PUTINS RUSSLAND - KLEPTOKRATIEN ?
... Janukowitsch war am Freitag in den Osten des Landes geflohen und untergetaucht. ...
Hals über Kopf soll der prorussische Politiker die Hauptstadt Kiew verlassen haben. ...
Vermögenswerte aus dem engsten Umkreis des ukrainischen Präsidenten Janukowitsch werden auch in der Schweiz vermutet.  ... im Vordergrund stehen mehrere in Genf und Zug ansässige Unternehmen mit Schwergewicht Rohstoffhandel. So wird die Mako Trading SA mit Firmensitz in Genf dem Präsidenten-Sohn Oleksander zugeschrieben. Gemäss der russischen Ausgabe von «Forbes» hat Oleksander Janukowitsch, ursprünglich Zahnarzt, sein Vermögen zuletzt innert kürzester Zeit auf über 500 Millionen Dollar vervielfacht. ...
Im Unterschied zu Russland sind in der Ukraine die Oligarchen nicht nur wirtschaftliche Schwergewichte, sondern ziehen auch politisch an den Fäden. ... Anders als in Russland, wo Präsident Putin den Wirtschafts-Oligarchen klargemacht hat, dass in der Politik für sie kein Platz ist, sind in der Ukraine die unternehmerischen Schwergewichte direkt in die Staatsführung involviert. ... n der regierenden Partei der Regionen (PR) vier unterschiedliche Gruppen: 
die sogenannte «Familie», den engsten Zirkel von Verwandten und Freunden um Präsident Janukowitsch, der Justiz, Polizei und Militär beherrscht. ... die Kljujew-Brüder, von denen der eine neuerdings Janukowitschs Stabschef ist und der andere im Parlament sitzt. ... Hardliner ... Oligarchen Rinat Achmetow (System Capital Management Holding; vor allem Bergbau, Stahl und Energie) und Dmitro Firtasch (Group DF; Erdgashandel und Düngemittel) ... Achmetow und Firtasch kontrollieren laut ukrainischen Kommentatoren etwa 40% der Parlamentsfraktion der Partei der Regionen. ... 
Analyse: Das Ende eines Präsidenten -  22.02.2014, nzz.ch
Es ging alles rasend schnell. Präsident Janukowitsch setzt sich ab. Die Sicherheitsorgane und die Polizei stellen sich auf die Seite der Regierungsgegner. Das Parlament verabschiedet Gesetze, deren Annahme vor kurzem noch undenkbar gewesen wäre. Abgeordnete der Partei der Regionen wechseln flink die Seite und stimmen nun mit jenen, die sie zuvor noch bekämpften. ...
Enteignung auf Russisch - 18.02.2014, arte.tv
Mit dem Zerfall der Sowjetunion wurde das russische Staatseigentum im großen Stil privatisiert. Seitdem ist der Besitz im Land ungleichmäßig verteilt: Es gibt sehr reiche Menschen, die immer reicher werden, und extrem Arme. Doch seit es im Land Privateigentümer gibt, treten andere auf den Plan, die ihnen dieses Eigentum wieder wegnehmen wollen ...

RUSSISCHE WIRTSCHAFT IN LANGFRISTIGEM ABWÄRTSTREND, AUCH OHNE SANKTIONEN ?
22.08.2014: Die russische Börse RTS fällt im Mittel seit 2011 (rd. 1800 auf rd. 1300) und die Export Deutschlands schwächen sich seit 2013 ab. Vermutlicher Grund: Kein Wachstum im Energieexportgeschäft und Wertverfall des Rubels seit Anfang 2013. Russland selbst versucht in den Medien davon abzulenken - Meldungen, die Börse würde ansteigen trotz Ukraine-Krise - , um vom zusätzlichen Druck der Sanktionen - Aussetzen des Wertpapierhandels ... ? - und der schwierigen Gesamtsituation abzulenken ...
Associated Press - 29.08.2014
... For the second day, Russian markets reacted nervously to the escalation of the conflict, with the Russian ruble sliding to the all-time low of 37.10 rubles against the dollar in early morning trading. It recovered later to 36.90 rubles. ...
... Die Leitindizes stiegen, auch der Rubel stabilisierte sich. Nach gaben nur einzelne Kurse. ... Unter Verkaufsdruck gerieten dagegen VTB, nachdem die USA die zweitgrößte russische Bank und ihre Tochter Bank of Moskow auf die Sanktionsliste gesetzt hatten. ...
Wertpapierhandel zwei Stunden unterbrochen - 30.07.2014, handelsblatt.com
Fast zwei Stunden ging nichts mehr an der Börse in der russischen Hauptstadt: Der Handel in Moskau brach am Nachmittag plötzlich ab, nach dem Grund suchen Experten noch. ... Vor dem Abbruch lag der RTS-Index mit rund 2,2 Prozent im Plus. ...
Bei ihren Sanktionen bringt die Europäischen Union nun auch Wladimir Putin nahe stehenden Personen ins Gespräch – und überlegt, wen sie mit Kontensperrungen und Reiseverboten bestrafen sollen. ... Russland hatte am Wochenende verärgert auf die jüngsten Sanktionsbeschlüsse reagiert und der EU mit der Aufkündigung der Sicherheitszusammenarbeit gedroht. ...
Außenminister Sergej Lawrow: sein Land werde die Sanktionen der EU und der USA nicht mit gleicher Münze heimzahlen ...
Russland-Exporte aus Euro-Zone eingebrochen - 18.08.2014, handelsblatt.com
Das Russland-Geschäft schwächelt – nicht nur wegen der Ukraine-Krise und russischer Sanktionen. ... Um 14 Prozent sanken die Ausfuhren aus der EU von Januar bis Mai im Vergleich zum Vorjahr, ... bereits spürbarer Rückgang noch bevor größere Sanktionen der EU gegen Russland wegen der Ukraine-Krise kamen ... 
Wansleben: Investoren und Verbraucher sind verunsichert 
Die deutschen Exporte nach Russland gehen kräftig zurück. Martin Wansleben, Hauptgeschäftsführer des Deutschen Industrie- und Handelskammertages (DIHK), erwartet auf Jahressicht einen Rückgang um etwa zehn Prozent. ... bereits seit einem Jahr rückläufige Export in die Russische Föderation: "Viele Exporteure sehen bereits deutliche Bremsspuren in ihrem Russland-Geschäft" ... Auch habe der Einbruch des Rubels deutsche Waren verteuert. ...
 - 
... Die Exporte seien stark rückläufig. ... Auch mit großen Investitionen hielten sich die Firmen zurück. ...
Auf den Devisenmärkten rollt der Rubel, und zwar wie derzeit alle Währungen von Schwellenländern, steil bergab. Seit Tagen schon markiert er zum Euro ein Allzeittief nach dem anderen. Ende Januar musste man in Moskau für einen Euro zeitweise fast 48,5 Rubel zahlen. Vor einem Monat waren es noch 45 Rubel, Anfang 2013 etwa 40 Rubel. Der Wertverlust innerhalb eines Jahres beträgt somit mehr als 20 Prozent. .... Auf dem Weg zur vollen Konvertibilität hatte die russische Zentralbank, die den Rubel-Kurs bislang an einer recht kurzen Leine hielt, damit begonnen, ihre Stützungskäufe langsam zurückzufahren.  ... Schwaches Wirtschaftswachstum (2013 magere 1,3 Prozent), hohe Inflation: Diese beiden Faktoren waren es in erster Linie, die den Rubel ursprünglich auf Talfahrt schickten, ...
Brasilien, Russland, Indien, China und Treffen der BRICS Staaten: Südafrika waren einst Hoffnungsträger der Weltwirtschaft, nun schwächeln sie. 
Andrey Gurkov, Russische Redaktion: 
Keiner der BRICS-Staaten hängt dermaßen stark von Rohstoffexporten ab wie Russland. Es war hauptsächlich die Ausfuhr von Energieträgern, die den wirtschaftlichen Aufschwung in der ersten Dekade nach der Jahrtausendwende befeuerte. ... Doch nun scheint das Potenzial dieser beiden Lokomotiven ausgeschöpft zu sein. Der kreditgetriebene Konsum stottert, die Industrie wächst nicht mehr, und der schwache Rubel hilft auch nicht viel, denn russische Unternehmen haben nicht viele weltmarktfähige Produkte, die sie exportieren könnten. Die russische Wirtschaft braucht mehr denn je eine Modernisierung, einen grundlegenden Strukturwandel, eine konsequente Förderung des Mittelstandes. Dazu wären politische und institutionelle Veränderungen nötig. Den notwendigen Reformen steht jedoch das System Putin im Wege. Russland wird "zu zentralistisch und diktatorisch regiert", Jim O'Neill, ...

Exkurs Kultur >>

EXKURS: BÜCHERMARKT IM DRADIO.DE - SENDUNG AM 30.11.2012
Finstere Anti-Utopie - Vladimir Sorokin: "Der Schneesturm" - dradio.de / DLF
erschienen im Kiepenheuer & Witsch, Rezension von Gisa Funck
Es ist eine düstere Vision von Russland, die Vladimir Sorokin in seinem Roman entwirft: technologisch zwar hoch gerüstet, doch gesellschaftlich so rückständig wie ein Feudalstaat. Seine beiden Helden, einen Arzt und einen Kutscher, schickt er auf einen Höllentrip durch die erbarmungslose Natur. ...
Erinnerung als Maskenball - Norman Manea: "Die Höhle" - dradio.de / DLF
erschienen im Hanser Verlag, Rezension von Sacha Verna
Eine Gruppe rumänischer Intellektueller, die unter Ceausescu in die USA ins Exil ging, steht im Mittelpunkt von Norman Maneas Roman. "Die Höhle" ist eine Mischung aus Rätselgeschichte und Nekrolog, aus Erinnerungen an die verbotene Bukarester Boheme und Momentaufnahmen der amerikanischen Gegenwart. ...
http://www.dradio.de/dlf/sendungen/buechermarkt/


KUNST-EXKURS: ALI UND NINO-MONUMENT IN BATUMI UND -TOUR IN BAKU 
Ali und Nino-Skulptur in Batumi / Ali and Nino, moving sculpture in Batumi - youtube.com
Tamar Kvesitadze - georg. Bildhauerin - Georgian sculptor - en.tabula.ge
Ali et Nino - Batoumi - Géorgie - tout-sur-google-earth.com
The Ali and Nino Walking Tour in Baku - 
azer.com, by Betty Blair and Fuad Akhundov

EXKURS: EIN LIEBESROMAN 1937 AUF DEUTSCH VERÖFFENTLICHT
"Ali und Nino" vom Pseudonym Kurban Said         >>Extra-SeiteAli und Nino 
Erstausgabe: 1937, E.P. Tal & Co.-Verlag, Wien und Leipzig
aktuelle Ausgabe: Ali und Nino 2000, Ullstein, Berlin, 271 S., ISBN 3-89834-017-1
Eine kaukasische Liebesgeschichte, inzwischen in 30 Sprachen erschienen.
biblio.at/rezensionen - Das Forum katholischer Bibliotheken, 
Österreich 
Rezension: ... Diese romantische und zugleich abenteuerliche Liebesgeschichte ist eingebettet in eine Vielzahl von Erzählungen aus dem Orient, reich an fremd klingenden Namen, an geographisch fernen Orten und an Weisheiten aus Tausend-und-einer-Nacht.
Auf Englisch im Aufsatz von Leela Ehrenfels: The love story of an Azerbaijani son of an Oil Baron (Muslim) and a Georgian princess (Christian), which is set in Baku on the turbulent eve of the Bolshevik Revolution in 1918, serves today as a beacon of hope that people do have the capacity to bridge the gap between what really are outer or superficial differences in social, traditional and religious practices. The story of "Ali & Nino" is a message of love and tolerance. 
Ali et Nino - Paris, Nil éditions, 2002, ISBN : 2-84111-270-5      

L'étonnante histoire d'un best-seller - Traduit par Michel François DEMET: «Ali et Nino», c'est le roman d'un amour inoubliable entre un jeune aristocrate musulman et la fille d'un marchand chrétien d'Azerbaïdjan au temps de la Première Guerre mondiale. Un «Roméo et Juliette» oriental et une anticipation surprenante de l'histoire contemporaine de la Tchétchénie et de l'Afghanistan. Un roman à la très belle écriture et d'une actualité troublante: ses prédictions sur la renaissance mondiale d'un islam militant témoignent d'une incroyable prescience.Publié pour la première fois à Vienne en 1937, «Ali et Nino» remporte un succès immédiat, malgré un sujet audacieux pour l'époque – l'amour qui se joue des frontières raciales. ...
Aufsätze zum Thema: 
Zur Zivilgesellschaft - Wilfried Fuhrmann
Ein Schriftsteller zwischen Orient und Okzident - 
Lev Nussimbaum – Essad Bey – Kurban Said - 2008, Zentrum Moderner Orient

Exkurs Wirtschaft >>

CHANCEN AUCH FÜR GEORGIER IM DEUTSCHEN ARBEITSMARKT ?
Mechatroniker, Pfleger, sogar Kühlhauswärter: Hierzulande fehlen Fachkräfte. Über die „Positivliste“ für Engpassberufe sollten sie nach Deutschland geholt werden. Doch es kamen in einem Jahr nur 170. ... Für Bürger der Europäischen Union gilt die Arbeitnehmerfreizügigkeit. Ausländer aus Drittstaaten brauchen dagegen einen bestimmten Aufenthaltstitel. Der kann für Erwerbstätige über die Blue Card kommen, die Positivliste oder eine Vorrangprüfung - wenn Unternehmen also nachweisen, dass sie keinen Deutschen oder EU-Bürger gefunden haben für den Job. ...
Positivliste  - arbeitsagentur.de
Fachkräfte-Initiative: Ihr Klempner der Welt, kommt in dieses Land - 18.08.2014, spiegel.deFachkräfte können von außerhalb der EU leichter nach Deutschland einwandern, seit einem Jahr schon - doch bislang ist kaum jemand gekommen. Warum? ...

Russian government plans to adopt a decree suspending bilateral free trade agreement with Georgia signed twenty years ago.
The move comes after Georgia signed late last month deep and comprehensive free trade agreement with the EU; provisional application of large part of this treaty, which is part of the Association Agreement, will start from September 1.
A draft of the Russian government’s decree, which is going through final stages of procedures before being adopted, reads: “Accept a proposal by the Russian Ministry of Foreign Affairs, which has been agreed with the Ministry of Economic Development and Ministry of Justice, on suspension of the February 3, 1994 free trade agreement between governments of the Russian Federation and Georgia.”
A technical expert-level consultation was held in Prague on July 7 between Georgia and Russia on potential effects of Georgia’s deep and comprehensive free trade agreement with the EU on bilateral Georgian-Russian trade. The meeting was welcomed by both Tbilisi and Moscow as “constructive” and “useful”.
After meeting Georgian PM’s special representative for relations with Russia, Zurab Abashidze, in Prague on July 9, Russian Deputy Foreign Minister Grigory Karasin said that Georgia’s free trade agreement with the EU would definitely have an impact on trade between Georgia and Russia, but the issue needed a thorough examination, including in the context of customs duties, in order to avoid “negative surprises.”
“I think that there is no need to threaten neither ourselves nor partners in advance with measures and sanctions; what is needed is to sit down calmly in mutual respect and thoroughly calculate in which areas and to what extent changes may occur in trade and economic ties between our countries following the recent signature by Georgia of the Association Agreement with the EU,” Karasin said on July 9.
Georgian PM’s special envoy for relations with Russia, Zurab Abashidze, said after the meeting on July 9 that “no dramatic changes are expected in our trade relations” with Russia.
Georgia’s bilateral trade with Russia increased 35.4% in the first five months of 2014, compared to the same period of last year, mostly due to 3.5-fold increase in Georgian exports to Russia.

 
Central Election Commission (CEC) summarized on Tuesday final vote tally of the July 12 second round runoffs of mayoral races in eight cities and gamgebeli posts in thirteen municipalities won by Georgian Dream candidates.
Elected mayors, including the one of capital city Tbilisi, as well as gamgebelis who won runoffs on July 12 will be authorized to take offices from August 2, according to CEC.
 
U.S. Ambassador to Georgia Richard Norland, who attended ratification of the Association Agreement with the EU by the Parliament on July 18, called on Georgia “to focus on a future-oriented agenda.”
“The signing and ratification [of the Association Agreement], following the ‘pause’ in the political season after the recent elections, represent an opportunity for all Georgians to now focus on a future-oriented agenda that will enhance political stability, improve the investment climate, expand economic growth and create jobs,” he said.
“While only Georgians can decide their national priorities, the challenges of the moment call for all of Georgia's energies to be focused on the future, and the U.S. is committed to supporting that path,” the U.S. ambassador said.

Georgia Ratifies EU Association Agreement - 18.07.2014, Civil.ge  
The Georgian Parliament ratified the Association Agreement with the EU, also including deep and comprehensive free trade area, at an extraordinary session on July 18.
The agreement, signed in Brussels on June 27, was endorsed by the Parliament unanimously with 123 votes.
President Giorgi Margvelashvili, PM Irakli Garibashvili and government members, as well as foreign ministers of Bulgaria and Latvia, Kristian Vigenin and Edgars Rinkēvičs, respectively, the second speaker of the Austrian parliament Karlheinz Kopf and EU Commissioner for Enlargement and European Neighbourhood Policy Štefan Füle were in the chamber in Kutaisi as the Parliament voted for the ratification of the Association Agreement.
Foreign Minister Maia Panjikidze told lawmakers that provisional application of “80 per cent of the agreement” will start from September 1.
EU Commissioner for Enlargement and European Neighbourhood Policy Štefan Füle said in his address to the Georgian Parliament that the ratification was opening the way for “a swift provisional application” of the treaty, including its deep and comprehensive free trade agreement. “Immediately upon entry into force, the European Union will remove all import duties on imports from Georgia,” he said.
“Historic” was probably the most frequently used term by lawmakers from both GD ruling coalition and UNM parliamentary minority group during the hearing while they were describing significance of the ratification of this agreement.
“I am glad that I am here in the Parliament where such unanimity reins today – the government, parliamentary majority and minority groups, we are all united over a common idea,” President Margvelashvili said.
The hearing itself, preceding the vote, was used by the UNM parliamentary minority group to hit out at GD ruling coalition and also personally ex-PM Bidzina Ivanishvili, accusing them of “political persecutions” against UNM leaders, saying that “political retributions” will divert Georgia from the European path.
Before the invited foreign dignitaries delivered their speeches, UNM lawmakers put English-language banners in the chamber reading: “Towards EU Without Political Prisoners” and “European Georgia without Political Prisoners”.
“Regrettably Georgia’s internal political process is not European… because of politically motivated arrests,” UNM MP Giorgi Tsereteli said during the hearing.
UNM MP Giorgi Kandelaki said that 2003 Rose Revolution put Georgia back on the European track. “But it is now clear for everyone that Georgian Dream policies pose threat… to very foundation, which was laid in recent years” for Georgia’s EU integration, he said and added that “oligarch” Ivanishvili is “dismantling democracy” in Georgia.
“Collaborationist oligarch Ivanishvili’s path is not the European path. We [UNM] as the only alternative force to Ivanishvili’s collaborationist force, will soon replace him and get Georgia back on the development track,” MP Kandelaki added.
UNM MP Davit Darchiashvili said that the Association Agreement opens up new opportunities for the country. “But the bad news is that actual situation [in Georgia] is completely out of touch with the spirit of this agreement. Systemic problems are in this country. Arrest of Gigi Ugulava was the culmination of political persecutions,” he said.
“Political retribution is not a European standard,” UNM MP Giorgi Baramidze said and continued by referring to Ivanishvili: “How can we speak about democratic progress, when unauthorized person is an actual ruler of the country?”
UNM MP Nugzar Tsiklauri said referring to Ivanishvili that “silent obedience” to “Russian oligarch” would not lead Georgia to Europe.
“We are marking today the launch of a long road,” UNM MP Giorgi Gabashvili said. “The Georgian people has made this choice and not a single political force is capable to change it. If any political force tries to change this choice, it will get exactly what Ukraine’s [previous authorities] received.”
“Political persecution and retribution is not the path that will lead Georgia to Europe,” he said and told GD lawmakers: “You became hostage of your desire for revenge.”
Most of the GD lawmakers, who spoke during the hearing, opted not to focus in their speeches on the attacks from opposition MPs. “This day does not deserve to give response to these persons the way they deserve to be responded,” GD MP from Republican Party, Tina Khidasheli, said.
But one senior GD lawmaker Giorgi Volski said he can’t follow suit in not responding to “insulting” remarks of UNM MPs; he said that referring to formerly ruling party that “these people who now speak about the European values” are the ones who were violating all the fundamental European values while they were in government.
“But still I want to again thank all those people from any government and regardless of party affiliation, who worked honestly and who carried out [Association Agreement] negotiations [with the EU] professionally,” he added.
Some other GD lawmakers also acknowledged in their speeches contribution of previous authorities in negotiating the Association Agreement with the EU. GD MP Tina Khidasheli thanked ex-president Mikheil Saakashvili and his government “for tireless work on international arena, for further strengthening of Georgia’s European and Euro-Atlantic choice, bringing it to a qualitatively higher level.” She also thanked Georgia’s first and second presidents Zviad Gamsakhurdia and Eduard Shevardnadze.
“But this day does not belong either to President Gamsakhurdia, to President Shevardnadze or President Saakashvili. This day belongs to Georgian people, those people, who have struggled for Georgia’s independence,” MP Khidasheli said.
“We have a difficult path ahead, very difficult, full of obstacles and difficulties,” she continued. “Courage and boldness, steadfastness and caution are what our current government needs most of all to make European ideals and values the way of life in Georgia… We need courage for ensuring equality for all and not for enforcing this equality by the means of law and police; we should turn equality into the way of life and only then we will become a European country.”
Many of the lawmakers, who spoke during the hearing, were noting that both the legislative and executive government will have to work hard to meet commitments under the Association Agreement.
The voluminous agreement is accompanied by about three dozen of annexes, which list hundreds of relevant EU legislation to be taken by Georgia by a specific date with timeframes ranging from two to ten years.
“The ball is in our court and now it is fully up to us to use opportunities provided by this agreement,” GD MP Gigla Agulashvili said. “With the ratification of this agreement we are carefully knocking on EU’s door… and we will keep on knocking on this door.”
GD MP Victor Dolidze, who chairs parliamentary committee for European integration, said: “I am sure the authorities will implement provisions of the agreement with the same success as it signed the agreement sooner than it was initially expected.”
The extraordinary parliamentary session was closed with the EU anthem, Beethoven’s “Ode to Joy” and then parliament speaker Davit Usupashvili invited the full house at a reception by saying: “Europe is good, but the ratification will not be valid if we don’t mark it with a glass [of wine].”





                           >>frühere Nachrichten - earlier news 

                                                     >>weitere Nachrichten aus und über Georgien im Überblick  
                                                     >>other news from and about Georgia in the survey  

Letzte wichtige Artikel - last important articles >>     >>Seite

EU und Georgien machen 'gute Fortschritte' bei Assoziierungsabkommen- und Visa-Liberalisierungs-Gesprächen - 03.09.2012, Civil Georgia

Europäische Kommission kündigt neue Unterstützung für Landwirtschaft und Nahrungsmittelsicherheit in Georgien an - 28.08.2012, EU-Brüssel
Im Rahmen der Östlichen Partnerschaft stellt die Europäische Kommission neue Finanzmittel für die Modernisierung der georgischen Landwirtschaft und den Aufbau der Einrichtungen bereit, die für die politische Assoziierung und wirtschaftliche Integration des Landes mit der EU zuständig sind. 
Der erste Teil des Programms umfasst Unterstützung für die georgische Landwirtschaft mit besonderem Schwerpunkt auf den Kleinbauernverbänden. Damit soll den Regierungsstellen ermöglicht werden, wirksamer auf die Bedürfnisse der ländlichen Wirtschaft einzugehen. Außerdem sollen private Bauernverbände unterstützt, die Zusammenarbeit zwischen Bauern intensiviert und die Nahrungsmittelsicherheit durch Schulungen und fachliche Beratung erhöht werden.
Der zweite Teil des Programms fördert die institutionelle Reform in Georgien und stärkt die staatlichen Einrichtungen, die das Assoziierungsabkommen EU-Georgien und die weitreichende und umfassende Freihandelszone (eine neue Partnerschaft zur Liberalisierung des Handels) vorbereiten und umsetzen sollen. Dazu zählen die Beratung und Unterstützung für die Einrichtungen, die die Verhandlungen koordinieren sowie die Ausstattung von Einrichtungen wie der nationalen Behörde für Nahrungsmittelsicherheit mit speziellen Labors, die die Einhaltung der künftigen Verpflichtungen aus den Abkommen, insbesondere der europäischen Normen und Standards, ermöglichen.
 ...

Abchasien: Vorm Krieg geflohen und dann vergessen - 24.08.2012, zeit.de

14 eindrückliche Bilder über Mariami und andere Flüchtlinge aus Abchasien:
Die frühen neunziger Jahre waren eine Zeit vieler kleiner Kriege, die im Zuge der sich auflösenden Sowjetunion ausbrachen. Zwischen 1992 und 1994 bekämpften sich im Südkaukasus Georgien, das seit dem Ende der UdSSR 1991 unabhängig war, und die vormalige Sowjetrepublik Abchasien. Knapp die Hälfte der Bevölkerung Abchasiens stellten zu Beginn dieses Sezessionskrieges Georgier, doch am Ende mussten fast alle fliehen. Viele landeten in Tiflis, der Hauptstadt Georgiens. Unter schwierigsten Bedingungen fristen sie im Exil ihr Dasein.

OSCE-Kommissar warnt vor der Zerstörung georg. Dörfer in Südossetien - 23.08.2012, Civil Georgia
Berichte: Südosset. Führung ordnet an, Ruinen von georg. Dörfer niederzureißen für die Entwicklung der Landwirtschaft und Industrie - 16.08.2012, Civil Georgia

OSZE/OSCE -Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe
am 31.12.08 nicht verlängert: Mission to Georgia (Closed) - 
Mandate - Conflict resolution
Deepening Organization’s engagement with Georgia focus of OSCE Secretary General’s visit 
  - 10.07.2012, osce.org
TBILISI, 10 July 2012 - Furthering OSCE’s engagement with Georgia was high on the agenda of OSCE Secretary General Lamberto Zannier’s official visit to the country, which concludes today...

OSZE-Parlamentsversammlung verabschiedet Resolution zu Georgien - 09.07.2012, Civil Georgia
The Parliamentary Assembly of the OSCE approved on July 9 a resolution on Georgia, underlining Georgia’s territorial integrity and referring to breakaway Abkhazia and South Ossetia as “occupied territories”. ... The resolution “urges the Government and the Parliament of the Russian Federation, as well as the de facto authorities of Abkhazia, Georgia and South Ossetia, Georgia, to allow the European Union Monitoring Mission unimpeded access to the occupied territories.” ...

UN-Generalversammlung verabschiedet georg. Vertriebenen-Resolution - 04.07.2012, Civil Georgia
The UN General Assembly passed on July 3 Georgia-sponsored resolution reiterating the right of return of all displaced persons and refugees to breakaway Abkhazia and South Ossetia by a vote of 60 in favor to 15 against, with 82 abstentionsSimilar non-binding resolutions are passed by the UN General Assembly for last four years in row – one in 2008 (in respect of Abkhazia) and others in 2009, 2010 and 2011 in respect of both Abkhazia and South Ossetia. Georgia says the goal of pushing the resolution annually on the Assembly is to keep the issue high on the international agenda and also to widen circle of support towards the resolution every year. In 2008 the resolution was passed with small margin of 14 votes in favor to 11 against and 105 abstentions; the following year 48 countries voted in favor; 19 – against and 78 abstained. In 2010 margin widened slightly with 50 countries voting in favor and 17 – against, with 86 abstentions; last year 57 voted in favor 13 – against and 74 abstained. ...

News York Times: „Russland verharrt weiterhin in der Vergangenheit“ - 16.04.2012, georgien-aktuell.de - New York Times / IHT
Artikel kritisiert, dass Moskau Zeichen der Annäherung aus Georgien nicht erwidert.
... „Es mag eine schwierige Aufgabe sein, Stabilität in dieser Region zu erreichen, aber vielleicht ist jetzt der richtige Zeitpunkt dafür“, verleiht die Autorin H.S. Edwards ihrer Hoffnung abschließend Ausdruck. 
US-Diplomat Philip H. Gordon äußert sich zur militärischen Zusammenarbeit mit Georgien: Vorbereitung der georg. Truppen für Afghanistan-Entsendung im Mittelpunkt - 10.01.2012, Civil Georgia
Georgien's neues nationales Sicherheitskonzept - 23.12.2011, Civil Georgia
Int. Gerichtshof befindet den kriegsbezogenen Fall Georgien's gegen Russland für zulässig - 19.12.2011, Civil Georgia
European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) declared as admissible an inter-state application lodged by Georgia against Russia in connection to the August, 2008 war. ...
In Bildern: Abchasien - aufgenommen von vier litauischen Studenten - 10.12.2011, Civil Georgia

Nach Parlamentswahl 2012 - 
after election of parliament 2012 >>

AUSBLICK AUF DIE POLITISCHE LAGE BEI UND NACH DEN WAHLEN DURCH KAS
DIE REGIERUNG „GEORGISCHER TRAUM“ - EINE ERSTE BILANZ - Konrad-Adenauer-Stiftung KAS, Dr. Canan Atilgan, Christina Schmitz, 19.11.2012
Unter Führung des Ministerpräsidenten Bidsina Iwanischwili hat das neue Parlament Georgiens am 21. Oktober seine Arbeit aufgenommen. Von den 150 Abgeordneten gehören 85 der Regierungskoalition „Georgischer Traum“ (GT) an und 65 der Vereinten Nationalen Bewegung (UNM) des Präsidenten Saakaschwili.
Gesamte Publikation (PDF, 44 KB)
Die Atmosphäre in der Gesellschaft sowie im Parlament und zwischen den von GT und UNM kontrollierten politischen Institutionen ist angespannt. Die doppelköpfige Führung im Land mit einem noch mächtigen Präsidenten und einem Premier, der die öffentliche Unterstützung hinter sich hat, stellt eine große Herausforderung für die demokratische Entwicklung dar. ...
Kann Iwanischwili den „Traum“ erfüllen? - Vom Traum zum Albtraum? - Konrad-Adenauer-Stiftung KAS, Dr. Canan Atilgan, Christina Schmitz, 05.10.2012
Gesamte Publikation (pdf, 48 KB)
Nach den Wahlen in Georgien: ... Aus mehreren Gründen waren die georgischen Parlamentswahlen von besonderer Bedeutung. Erstens galten sie als Test für die Demokratiefähigkeit des Landes. Diesen Test hat Georgien nach Einschätzung internationaler Beobachter bestanden. Dem Land wurden trotz einiger Unregelmäßigkeiten faire, freie und demokratische Wahlen bescheinigt. Zweitens waren es die ersten Wahlen seit der Rosenrevolution im Jahre 2003, in welchen der Regierungspartei ein ernstzunehmender Konkurrent um die Mehrheit im georgischen Parlament gegenüberstand. Drittens wird im nächsten Jahr eine neue Verfassung in Kraft treten, die ein neues politisches System einleitet. Georgien wird sich von einer präsidialen in eine parlamentarische Demokratie umwandeln. Die Machtbefugnisse des Premierministers sowie des Parlaments werden zu Lasten des Präsidenten erweitert. Vor diesem Hintergrund waren die Parlamentswahlen von besonderer Relevanz. Spätestens mit den Präsidentschaftswahlen im Herbst 2013 geht auch die Ära Saakaschwili zu Ende. Laut Verfassung darf Saakaschwili nicht mehr für das Amt des Präsidenten kandidieren. Bis dahin müssen sich Präsident und Premierminister jedoch arrangieren. Dies erscheint zum jetzigen Zeitpunkt als die größte Herausforderung für die politische Stabilität des Landes. ... Die extreme politische Polarisierung im Vorfeld der Parlamentswahlen, gezielte Provokationen sowie ein mit rauer und aggressiver Rhetorik geführte Wahlkampf, vermittelten nicht unbedingt den Eindruck, dass der „Verlierer“ der Wahl bereit sein würde, den Wahlausgang zu akzeptieren und seiner politischen Verantwortung in der Opposition gerecht zu werden. Diese unter den nationalen und internationalen Beobachtern weit verbreitete Sorge hat Präsident Saakaschwili mit seinem Eingeständnis der Wahlniederlage seiner Partei und der Bereitschaft zu einer konstruktiven Zusammenarbeit mit dem "Georgischen Traum" (GT) entkräftet. ... 
Der Machtwechsel als Prozess 
... Eine konstruktive Opposition ist ein zentraler Bestandteil einer funktionierenden demokratischen Gesellschaft. Dazu gehört ebenfalls eine verantwortungsvolle Regierung. Iwanischwili klang in der Wahlnacht versöhnlich, als er von einem Zusammenschluss für ein neues, einiges Georgien sprach. Zwischenzeitlich hatte er aber den Rücktritt Saakaschwilis und vorgezogene Präsidentschaftswahlen gefordert. Mit einer dualen Macht sei das Land schwer zu regieren. Politische Rache sei aber – laut Iwanischwili – nicht das Ziel. Allerdings werden in der Koalition Stimmen laut, die Amtsträger der bisherigen Regierung an den Pranger stellen wollen. Angesichts der extremen Polarisierung wäre es für die künftige innenpolitische Entwicklung und Stabilität des Landes dramatisch, wenn Iwanischwili eine „Abrechnung“ mit der bisherigen politischen Führung anstrebt bzw. billigt. ...
Der „Georgische Traum“: Wofür steht er?
Die Zukunft der Allianz um Iwanischwili ist eine weitere wichtige Frage, wenn es um die Regierungsfähigkeit des GT geht. Der GT setzt sich aus Gruppen bzw. Parteien zusammen, die das gesamte ideologische Spektrum von sozialistisch über liberal bis ultranationalistisch abdecken. In der Kandidatenliste des GT finden sich verhältnismäßig viele ehemalige Bürokraten, die den Machtwechsel als eine Möglichkeit für eine Rückkehr an die Macht sehen. In dieser Zusammensetzung wirkt der GT nicht wie eine Koalition neuer politischer Strategen und Visionäre, sondern eher wie eine Allianz ausgewiesener Saakaschwili-Gegner, die darüber hinaus wenig gemeinsam haben. Was diese heterogene Gruppe verbindet, ist vor allem die Person von Iwanischwili. Mit seinem positiven Image in der Bevölkerung als Wohltäter und seinen finanziellen Möglichkeiten verfügt Iwanischwili über ein hohes Maß an politischer Mobilisierungs- und Bindekraft. 
... Sollte Iwanischwili seinen eigenen Aussagen folgen und wie bereits des Öfteren angekündigt nach spätestens zwei Jahren seine politische Karriere wieder beenden, würde dem Bündnis zudem seine Führungsperson verloren gehen, die zur Zeit die größte Bindewirkung zwischen den sechs politisch unterschiedlich ausgerichteten Parteien darstellt. ... Zum anderen gilt der Milliardär Bidzina Iwanischwili vielen Bürgern des Landes als großzügiger Spender, der von seinem Privatvermögen kulturelle und religiöse Stätten sowie Teile der Infrastruktur des Landes finanziert hat. Mit seinen Versprechen, staatliche Unterstützung für die Landwirtschaft, den Arbeitsmarkt und die Gesundheitsversorgung zu gewähren, hat er große Hoffnungen auf finanzielle Unterstützung und Verbesserung der Lebensverhältnisse in Teilen der Bevölkerung geweckt. Wenn das öffentliche Budget nicht ausreicht, um diese Leistungen zu erbringen, will Iwanischwili auf sein Privatvermögen zurückgreifen. Dieser wirtschaftliche Populismus erscheint vielen Georgiern offenbar glaubwürdig, denn Iwanischwili stellt eine einzigartige Mischung aus Wohltäter, Oligarch und Politiker dar. Diese Kombination führt zu einer enormen Erwartungshaltung in der Bevölkerung, deren Erfüllung sich als schwieriges Unterfangen herausstellen dürfte. ... außenpolitische Ziele: ... Die Annäherung an Russland bei gleichzeitiger Integration in euro-atlantische Strukturen ist eines der wenigen deklarierten Ziele. Laut Iwanischwili geht es zunächst einmal um die Annäherung in den Bereichen Handel und Kultur. In parallelen Anstrengungen will Iwanischwili die Beziehungen Georgiens zu NATO und EU vertiefen. Es ist kein Geheimnis, dass Iwanischwili, der in den 1990er Jahren in Russland lebte und dort sein Vermögen aufbaute, dem großen Nachbarn deutlich offener gegenübersteht. Er hat sich bisher auffällig mit Kritik an Russland und der Person Wladimir Putins zurückgehalten. ... Ein verlässlicher außenpolitischer Kurs ist allerdings angesichts der Bedeutung Georgiens als Erdöl- und Erdgastransitland wichtig. 
Ausblick: Vom „Traum“ zum Albtraum? 
Die Parlamentswahlen haben mehrere strukturelle Probleme in der georgischen Politik offenbart. So haben politische Ideen kaum eine Rolle gespielt, sondern im Wesentlichen ging es um die Personen Iwanischwili und Saakaschwili. Der GT gewann die Wahlen nicht, weil er mit einem überzeugenden Programm aufwartete, sondern vor allem, weil breite Teile der Bevölkerung in Iwanischwili den neuen Retter sehen. Die Orientierung an Personen stellt somit eine wichtige Herausforderung für die Konsolidierung einer demokratischen politischen Kultur dar. ... Mit der weitgehend freien Durchführung der Wahlen sowie der friedlichen Machtübergabe und auch den kommenden Verfassungsänderungen (Anmerk.: Machttransfer vom Präsidenten hin zum Premier) hat die bisherige Regierung der Vereinten Nationalen Bewegung den Grundstein für die weitere demokratische Entwicklung des Landes in der neuen Legislaturperiode gelegt. Nun bleibt es in der Hand des Georgischen Traums, diesen Weg fortzuführen. Der GT steht unter enormem Druck der Wählerschaft, die von dem Regierungswechsel eine umgehende Verbesserung ihrer Lebensbedingungen erhofft. Es ist noch nicht klar, inwiefern der GT einen nachhaltigen Plan zur Erfüllung seiner Wahlversprechen hat. Sollten sich Iwanischwili und seine Weggefährten aber vornehmlich darauf konzentrieren, den politischen Nachlass der bisherigen Regierung zu „sanieren“, könnte sich, wie die Washington Post feststellt, der „Traum“ schnell in einen Albtraum verwandeln. 


FRIEDRICH-EBERT-STIFTUNG ZUR POLITISCHEN LAGE
Publikationen der Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung
Georgien nach den Parlamentswahlen : ein qualitativer Sprung in der Demokratieentwicklung? - Michael Weichert - Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung, Nov. 2012 - PDF
Georgia's European way / Tamar Khidasheli.
In: Internationale Politik und Gesellschaft Online : International Politics and Society. - 2011 - PDF
Grundlagen der Sozialen Demokratie / Tobias Gombert u.a. Red.: Julia Bläsius ...  Tiflis : Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung, 2011 - Lesebuch der Sozialen Demokratie ; 1 - PDF
Georgiens Außenpolitik unter Michail Saakaschwili : ein riskantes Spiel im Spannungsfeld zwischen Washington und Moskau / Johannes Wetzinger.
In: Internationale Politik und Gesellschaft Online : International Politics and Society. - 2011 - PDF


WER IST DER NEUE PREMIERMINISTER IVANISHVILI ?
Seidenstraße - Von Venedig nach Xi'an mit Peter Gysling - 3sat.de
Folge 2: Von trinkfreudigen Bauern, felsenfesten Glaubensbrüdern, vergessenen Flüchtlingen und menschenfreundlichen Milliardären: ... Der 56jährige Bidsina Iwanischwili hat in Russland sehr erfolgreich mit Computern, Telefongeräten und einer Kreditbank geschäftet. Seit der Rückkehr nach Georgien versteht sich Iwanischwili als Menschenfreund, und hat - anfänglich noch heimlich - mit zig Millionen zahlreiche Staatsaufgaben finanziert und seinen Heimatbezirk Satschkere mit Geldsegen beglückt. Der öffentlichkeitsscheue milliardenschwere Mäzen führt Peter Gysling ganz selbstverständlich durch seinen Tifliser Glaspalast, der an James-Bond-Filme erinnert. Mit seinem Parteienbündnis hat Iwanischwili jüngst die Parlamentswahlen gewonnen. Sein Ziel: Hunderttausende von Arbeitsplätzen schaffen und Georgien von der Armut befreien. ...
Ivanishvili bei Forbes-Liste: Platz 164 - 6,4 Mrd. - 12.2012, forbes.com
... Began building his empire in 1990 when, with partner Vitaly Malkin, he set up Rossiysky Kredit Bank. Over the years, sold businesses he accumulated during Russia's privatization era including ore mining and metals interests; invested proceeds in Russian stock market. Also has interests in elite real estate project in Moscow and two 5-star hotels. Owns Russian drugstore chain Doctor Stoletov. Collects the Impressionists; his most expensive painting is Dora Maar with Cat by Pablo Picasso, which he bought at Sotheby's in 2006 for $95 million. Lives in the Georgian village of Chorvila, where he was born.
Georgiens Premier: „Ich bin ein großer Demokrat“ - 14.11.2012, tagesspiegel.de
Georgiens Premier: „Ich bin ein großer Demokrat“ - 14.11.2012, diepresse.com
... Als Sie vor einem Jahr in die Politik einstiegen, wurde Ihnen die georgische Staatsbürgerschaft aberkannt. Sie besaßen auch die französische Staatsbürgerschaft. Mit welchem Pass reisen Sie jetzt? ... Ich besitze nur die französische Staatsbürgerschaft, und dies genügt laut Gesetz, um Premierminister zu sein. Würde ich wieder georgischer Staatsbürger werden, wäre das gegen das Gesetz, und ich würde als Premier abgesetzt. So sieht die georgische Verfassung aus. Das ist lächerlich. Das wird geändert – wie vieles andere auch.
Der Kurzzeit-Premier - 26.10.2012, tagesspiegel.de
... Iwanischwili vermied am Donnerstag jedoch klare Aussagen auf die Fragen der Opposition, wie und wann er gedenke, seine Wahlversprechen einzuhalten. Dazu zählen die Bekämpfung der Arbeitslosigkeit, höhere Renten und die Einführung einer Krankenversicherung für alle. Iwanischwili sagte, er wolle sich erst über Einnahmen und Ausgaben des Staates informieren, bevor er sich konkret äußere. ... Iwanischwili selbst wirkt noch immer eher wie ein Geschäftsmann, der den Staat als eine Art Unternehmen betrachtet. Schon im Juli gab er zu, nicht gern Politiker zu sein. Auch die Aussage, er wolle den Posten des Premiers vorzeitig aufgeben, ist nicht neu. Er liebe das zurückgezogene Leben mit den vier Kindern und seiner Frau, hatte er im November 2011 gesagt. Jedoch schien Iwanischwili sichtlich daran Gefallen zu finden, vor großen Massen zu sprechen: Hatte er zum Wahlkampfauftakt im Mai noch recht hölzern gewirkt, gelang es ihm bei der Abschlusskundgebung kurz vor der Wahl, viele Menschen regelrecht mitzureißen. ...
Bidsina Iwanischwili - Milliardär will Georgien in EU und Nato führen Von Ulf Mauder, dpa - 25.10.2012, eu-info.de
Als reichster Mann Georgiens mit einem Milliardenvermögen hat sich Bidsina Iwanischwili lange Zeit mit diskreten Wohltaten in dem Südkaukasusstaat einen Namen gemacht. Doch nun ist der 56-Jährige neuer Regierungschef - rund ein Jahr, nachdem er auf die politische Bühne trat. ... Iwanischwili, der am 18. Februar 1956 in dem Dorf Tschorwila als Sohn eines Bergarbeiters geboren wurde, hat aus einer Laune heraus seine Bewegung Georgischer Traum genannt. Der Name geht zurück auf die Band seines Sohnes Bera, eines bekannten georgischen Rapmusikers. 
Reich wurde Iwanischwili nach dem Zerfall der Sowjetunion in Russland mit Metallhandel, einer eigenen Bank und Immobiliengeschäften. Er beteuert, dass er Georgiens prowestlichen Kurs beibehalten wolle. «Die Menschen hier wollen in die EU und in die Nato. Das ist auch mein Ziel», sagt er. Zugleich will er bessere Beziehungen zum Nachbarn Russland.
Der promovierte Ökonom, der auch in den USA und in Frankreich lebte, verspricht einen Kampf gegen die Armut und Arbeitslosigkeit, eine Stärkung des Mittelstandes und der Agrarwirtschaft in dem für seine Weinkultur und seinen Obstreichtum bekannten Land. Bekannt ist er auch in der Kunstwelt für seine ersteigerten Werke, die nach seinen Angaben heute allein einen Wert von mehr als einer Milliarde Dollar hätten. ...
Georgiens Kirchen und der politische Umschwung - 04.10.2012, Autor: Heinz Gstrein, jesus.ch
Die Kirchen des kulturell reichen, aber sonst völlig verarmten Landes haben dabei eine wichtige Rolle gespielt. Nicht nur die dominierende georgische Orthodoxie, sondern ebenso die an Mitgliedern kleinen, aber agilen evangelischen Gemeinden. ...  Entscheidend für den überwältigenden Wahlerfolg der brandneuen – erst im Frühjahr gegründeten – Partei «Georgischer Traum» dürfte die Hoffnung der Georgier geworden sein, dass Ivanischvili seine Milliarden nun seinem Volk zukommen lässt. ... Ein Mann des Westens? - Die westliche Welt begrüsst den Wahlausgang in Tbilissi und seine Akzeptierung durch den bisherigen Machthaber Saakaschwili als «grossen Sieg der Demokratie am Kaukasus». Doch hat Ivanischwili, der sich damals noch «Boris» nannte, sein enormes Vermögen in Moskau als echter russischer Oligarch erworben. So hat sich die georgische Mafia im nachkommunistischen Russland den gesamten Obst- und Gemüsehandel sowie wichtige Finanzinstitute, wie die Adler- und Orenburg-Bank, einverleibt. Ivanisschwili muss daher eher als Mann des Kremls als der Europäer und Amerikaner gelten. Daher ist zu früher Jubel über eine baldige Hinwendung von Tiflis zu EU und NATO nicht angezeigt.

POLITISCHE LAGE VOR DEN WAHLEN IM OKTOBER 2012 - KAS-DOKUMENTE
GEORGIA’S WAY FROM TRANSITIONAL TO CONSOLIDATED DEMOCRACY – PERSPECTIVES FROM EUROPE TO GEORGIA - 27.09.2012, Konrad-Adenauer-Stiftung KAS
Gesamte Publikation deutsch - (PDF, 39 KB), auch in ქართული
Im Vorfeld der Parlamentswahlen in Georgien am 1. Oktober diskutierten Mitglieder des Europäischen Parlaments mit hochrangigen Vertretern von Regierungs- bzw. Oppositionsparteien. Die aktuellen politische Entwicklungen und der Weg Georgiens zur konsolidierten Demokratie wurden kontrovers debattiert.
Mitglieder des Europäischen Parlaments diskutierten mit Vertretern verschiedener georgischer Parteien und Think Tanks über die Perspektive Georgiens auf seinem Weg von einer Transformationsphase hin zu einer konsolidierten Demokratie.
Ziel der von der Konrad-Adenauer-Stiftung ausgeführten Veranstaltung war es, im  Vorfeld der für den 01. Oktober 2012 angesetzten Parlamentswahlen politischen Akteuren ein Forum für einen gemeinsamen Dialog und Diskussionen an zu bieten. An dem eintätigen Workshop nahmen Mitglieder des Europäischen Parlaments Corien Wortmann-Kool und Dr. Jacek Saryusz-Wolski, hochrangige Mitglieder der Regierung, Vertreter von politischen Parteien sowie von Nichtregierungsorganisationen und Medien teil.
„Schritt für Schritt“ - 08.05.2012, Konrad-Adenauer-Stiftung KAS
Georgischer Parlamentspräsident vertraut in europäische Perspektive seines Landes
Veranstaltungsbeiträge
David Bakradze (Nationalen Bewegung - UNM), Parlamentspräsident Georgiens, hat sich zu den Plänen einer EU- und NATO-Mitgliedschaft seines Landes bekannt. In der Konrad-Adenauer-Stiftung in Berlin sagte er: „Wir wollen zu Europa, und wir gehören zu Europa.“ Auch wenn man bereits ein hohes Tempo aufgenommen habe, übereilen wolle man nichts. „Georgien wird einen Schritt nach dem anderen machen“, so Bakradze unter Hinweis auf die Anfang 2012 begonnenen Verhandlungen mit der Europäischen Union über ein Freihandelsabkommen. Diese bezeichnete er als ein „sehr wichtiges“ Etappenziel. ...

EXKURS: LAGE IN GEORGIEN VOR DEM NEUEN PREMIERMINISTER IVANISHVILI
Gastkommentar Günter Verheugen: Schaut auf dieses Land! - 12.08.2011, Welt
Vor genau drei Jahren tobte im Kaukasus ein kurzer, heftiger Krieg zwischen Russland und Georgien. Ein paar Tage lang wandten wir uns dem Thema zu, dann kehrte der politische Alltag ein. Das Problem aber ist weiterhin ungelöst. Irgendwann wird dieser Konflikt wieder ausbrechen, und keine hastigen diplomatischen Shuttlemissionen werden mehr helfen. 
Die Fakten: Die von Präsident Sarkozy im Namen der EU ausgehandelten Bedingungen des Waffenstillstands werden nicht eingehalten. Russland erfüllt seine Verpflichtungen nicht. Moskau hat beide Territorien als Staaten anerkannt und missachtet damit die von der Staatengemeinschaft eingeforderte territoriale Integrität Georgiens. Die russische Wirtschaftsblockade gegenüber Georgien besteht fort. Auch heute dürfen EU-Beobachter nicht die damals umkämpften Gebiete betreten. 
Das Interesse Russlands ist eindeutig: Moskau will die volle Kontrolle über die Kaukasusregion, und darum soll die Integration Georgiens in die atlantischen und europäischen Strukturen, also Nato und EU, gebremst werden. Mit dieser Politik ist Moskau bislang erfolgreich - weil wir wegschauen. Das ist ein klassisches Lehrstück in (falsch verstandener) Realpolitik. Offenbar geht es um eine Güterabwägung zwischen unseren Beziehungen zum großen Russland und jenen zum kleinen Georgien. Georgien aber ist keine abhängige Variable des jeweiligen Standes der Beziehungen zu Russland. Deshalb muss die Engstirnigkeit dieser Güterabwägung dringend überwunden werden. Es zahlt sich auf Dauer niemals aus, sich mit Machtverhältnissen zu arrangieren, die auf Unrecht gegründet sind - siehe das Debakel der westlichen Politik im nördlichen Afrika. 
Glaubwürdigkeit ist in der Politik das höchste Gut. Im Falle Georgiens heißt das, dass die westliche Politik erstens auf der Einhaltung der Waffenstillstandsbedingungen bestehen und sich zur territorialen Integrität Georgiens bekennen muss, wie es jüngst der US-Senat demonstriert hat. Zweitens muss die westliche Politik für die Aufhebung der Wirtschaftsblockade eintreten. Hier bietet die von Russland angestrebte WTO-Mitgliedschaft einen guten Ansatzpunkt. Und drittens - wohl das Wichtigste - muss Georgien eine verlässliche europäische Perspektive geboten werden. 
Die EU kann und muss sehr viel mehr tun als bisher. Sie kann ihre politische und wirtschaftliche Präsenz in Georgien erhöhen. Sie kann die beeindruckenden Reformen intensiver unterstützen und sollte dabei nicht vergessen, was sie im Zuge der Osterweiterung gelernt hat: Die Reformfähigkeit der Länder im Osten Europas hängt von der Verlässlichkeit der Angebote der EU ab. Und natürlich gehört Georgien auf die Agenda des Dialogs zwischen der EU und Russland - als Ausdruck des Engagements der EU für die Stabilität der Kaukasusregion. Der Kaukasus braucht keine externen Schutzmächte, sondern die Befriedung seiner Völker. Sonst werden sich die Wunden nicht schließen. Wenn die EU ihrem Anspruch, ein ernst zu nehmender Akteur und Stabilitätsgarant zu sein, gerecht werden will, dann eröffnet sich für sie im Fall Georgiens ein wichtiges Betätigungsfeld.

Parlamentswahl 2012 - election of parliament 2012 >>

US-Präsident Obama's Brief der Gratulation an Premierminister Ivanishvili - 29.10.2012, Civil Georgia
... “The election was a historic milestone for your country and demonstrated to the world that Georgia has become a vibrant democracy,” the letter reads. “Your government now inherits the task of moving forward to solidify and advance Georgia's democratic and economic reforms. This will require the government, parliament, and presidency to move past the contentious election and transition period and work together constructively to pursue policies that are in the best interest of all Georgian citizens. I understand from Ambassador Norland that this is your preferred approach, and in this you have our continued support.” ...

NEUE REGIERUNG IM PARLAMENT GEWÄHLT
Ivanishvili bestätigt als Premierminister - 25.10.2012, Civil Georgia
Das Parlament bestätigte am 25.10. Bidzina Ivanishvili als Georgien’s Premierminister mit 88 zu 54 Stimmen. Mit dem gleichen Votum bestätigte das Parliament Ivanishvili’s Kabinett und sein Programm. ... Programm (PDF-Georgisch, PDF-Georgian)
Ivanishvili trifft UNM-Abgeordnete bei Parlamentssitzung - 25.10.2012, Civil Georgia
Ivanishvili spricht zum Parlament nach der Abstimmung - 25.10.2012, Civil Georgia
Ivanishvili: 'Ich werde die Politik in eineinhalb Jahren verlassen' - 24.10.2012, Civil Georgia
Ivanishvili's kommendes Regierungsprogramm - 24.10.2012, Civil Georgia


PRESSESCHAU ZUR PARLAMENTSWAHL AM 02.10.2012 IM DLF-RADIO
Internationale Presseschau 02.10.12 12:50 - Georgien nach der Wahl - MP3 | Flash
Kommersant - Moskau, kommersant.ru
Vor dem Hintergrund der Parlamentswahl in Georgien blickt Kommersant auf Präsident Saakashvilis: 
Während seine Partei in der Hauptstadt Tbilisi kaum Stimmen erhalten hat, ist sie in den Provinzen der Gewinner, denn die Menschen dort erinnern sich noch gut daran, wie ihr Land vor zehn Jahren aussah. Georgien war kein funktionierender Staat, als der junge Saakashvili an die Macht kam. Er befreite das Land von kriminellen Strukturen. Er agierte zwar halb autoritär und Entscheidungen wurden häufig nur von wenigen Menschen getroffen. Hierfür hatte Saakashvili aber seiner Zeit ein Mandat erhalten. Der Präsident sorgte für geordnete Staatsfinanzen und für Stromversorgung im ganzen Land. Erst durch ihn wurde Georgien zu einem funktionierenden Staat. 
SME - Slowakien, sme.sk
Für Sme ist Georgien ein Beispiel dafür, wie schwierig es ist, unter dem Einfluss Russlands demokratische Strukturen zu schaffen: 
Es ist fast egal, ob die Folterbeweise aus einem georgischen Gefängnis echt sind oder von russischen Agenten gefälscht. Saakashvili regiert schon lange Zeit so, dass man durchaus geneigt ist, daran zu glauben. Allerdings ist die Hoffnung, dass sich mit dem Fall Saakashvilis, das Land demokratischer entwickelt, minimal. Und von seinem Herausforderer Ivanishvili weiß man nur, dass er sehr reich ist und dass die Regierung in Moskau hinter ihm steht. Aber dass sie einen Politiker unterstützt, der mehr Demokratie will, ist jenseits jeder Realität. 


INTERNATIONALE REAKTIONEN ZUR PARLAMENTSWAHL AM 01.10.2012 IN GEORGIEN 
Georgia: Ivanishvili’s call for President Saakashvili’s resignation, a direct attack against democracy and the rule of law - 02.10.2012, eureporter.com, By EU Reporter correspondent
The President of the European People’s Party (EPP), Wilfried Martens, made the following statement on the results of yesterday’s parliamentary elections in Georgia: "The parliamentary elections which took place in Georgia have reinforced
significantly the country’s democratic credentials. Despite the foul campaign practices from the challengers, I take note of the result and I commend President Mikheil  Saakashvili for respecting it and for facilitating a peaceful transition of power. In the next five years, the democratic debate - with the United National Movement (UNM) as the opposition party - will take place in the parliament, not in the streets. For the past nine years, President Saakashvili and the governments of the UNM  - a member-party of the EPP - consolidated and cherished democracy and the rule of law in Georgia. It is not suprising that the OSCE has stated that ‘the Georgian people have freely expressed their will’ and that ‘there were no grave violations during the voting’. Thanks to President Saakshvili and the UNM, Georgia has become a truly democratic and European country." "Needless to say, the EPP will be monitoring very closely the new government, which will be formed by Bidzina Ivanishvili’s ‘Georgian Dream’ coalition, because it remains to be seen if they will preserve the country’s democratic achievements and if they will keep Georgia on the path of Euro-Atlantic integration. But to my astonishment, even as the votes are still being counted, Mr. Ivanishvili has called for President Saakashvili’s resignation. This call is totally unacceptable and is a direct attack against democracy and the rule of law. Therefore, I expect all those European politicians who were quick to congratulate Ivanishvili today, to publicly denounce his call for the President’s resignation and to demand for an immediate retraction. Moreover, I will be working closely with our EPP parliamentary groups in the European  Parliament, the Council of Europe and the OSCE, in order to safeguard the country’s democratic achievements; I also call on all other relevant EU institutions to do the same and the European Commission in particular, which is negotiating an Association Agreement with Georgia."
Statement by U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Clinton – Oct.2:
“The United States congratulates the citizens of Georgia on their peaceful and active participation in yesterday’s parliamentary elections. This was an historic day for all Georgians and for Georgia’s democratic future. We support the OSCE/ODIHR election observation mission and its assessment that the Georgian people have freely expressed their will at the ballot box. And we urge the authorities to conduct the final count and appeals transparently and in accordance with the rule of law. Now that the people of Georgia have spoken, the United States encourages all parties to work together constructively in the new parliament to advance Georgia’s democratic and economic development. We look forward to working with the new parliament, as well as the cabinet and president of Georgia to build upon our strong relationship and create a brighter future for the Georgian people. 
Joint statement of EU foreign policy chief Catherine Ashton and Commissioner for Neighborhood Policy Štefan Füle – Oct.2:
“The EU congratulates the Georgian Dream coalition on its election victory. The Georgian people have now spoken. Both responsible government and constructive opposition are essential parts of a functioning democratic society. We call on all representatives elected to the new parliament to work together in the interests of Georgia. The generally positive conduct of parliamentary elections on 1 October and the high level of voter participation, underscore Georgia’s commitment to its democratic path… We look forward to continued close cooperation with Georgia on our ambitious mutual agenda of political association and economic integration.” 


RÜCKTRITT DER REGIERUNG - WAHLERGEBNIS DER PARLAMENTSWAHL
Nachwahl zu drei Direktmandaten gewinnt Georgian Dream - Civil Georgia, 15.10.2012
Zusammensetzung des neuen Parlaments:
Bidzina Ivanishvili-angeführte Koalition Georgian Dream: 85 Sitze; 
United National Movement (UNM) mit Präsident Saakashvili: 65 Sitze
 Results of repeat elections in eleven precincts of three single-mandate constituencies on Sunday show that the Georgian Dream coalition has won three more majoritarian MP seats in the new Parliament. It means that the Georgian Dream won total of 41 majoritarian seats out of 73; rest of the 32 single-mandate constituencies have been won by the UNM candidates. The Georgian Dream won 44 seats through party-list, proportional system and in overall Bidzina Ivanishvili-led coalition will have total of 85 seats in the Parliament – 15 short of two-third majority required for passing constitutional changes. UNM will have 65 seats in the new Parliament. Repeat majoritarian elections were held in nine precincts of the Khashuri single-mandate constituencies, where the Georgian Dream candidate’s victory was largely anticipated. Repeat poll was also held in one precinct of Signagi single-mandate constituency where UNM’s candidate Levan Bezhashvili, ex-head of the state audit agency, lost the race to Georgian Dream’s Gela Gelashvili. Repeat election was also held on Sunday in Gori’s one precinct where the Georgian Dream candidate, Malkhaz Vakhtangashvili, won the race against UNM’s Giorgi Tatishvili, ex-governor of Shida Kartli region.





Regierung tritt zurück - 11.10.12, Civil Georgia
Präsident Saakashvili hat den Rücktritt der georg. Regierung angenommen. ... Neue Regierung muss nun nach der georg. Verfassung bis 17.10. antreten. ... Die Nominierung der neuen Regierung erfolgt durch den Präsidenten nach  Beratungen mit den parlamentarischen Fraktionen.  ...
Nach Treffen geben Wahlgewinner Ivanishvili und Präsident Saakashvili Erklärungen ab - 09.1