Tschakrulo - Chakrulo >>               >>Seite 
 
Volkslied Tschakrulo - folk song Chakrulo
Das Volkslied Tschakrulo/Chakrulo ist seit 1977 mit der Raumsonde Voyager unterwegs, zusammen mit Bach und Mozart.
Georgia a feast of songs - worldmusic.net, about music in Georgia and the song "Chakrulo"
bbc.co.uk/programmes/p0067041 - about the song "Chakrulo"
eteksciki.info/videos/chakrulo - about the song "Chakrulo"
Chakrulo is an old georgian folk song and has his origin in Kakheti, Eastern Georgia. The people of Kakheti are famous for their vine, so its not astonishing, that the worlds best drinking song comes from there (Yes, Chakrulo is a drinking song, if you speak in terms of a big crowd of happy, pride people, celebrating their cultural heritage together. Thats what I mean by 'drinking song'. French or Americans wouldn't do that.) Chant from Kakheti usually consists of two solo voices, wich are devourced like two grape-vine. They are carried by the Bordan, who is sung by the rest of the choir. Chakrulo was one of the music pieces, wich were fired into space with the Voyager Space Shuttle in 1977. 


The folk music of Georgia is has traditionally been vocal-driven with little use of musical instruments. It is one of the most excellent examples of vocal polyphony, for which it was included in UNESCO’s Representative List of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity in 2008. Polyphony means that a musical composition consists of at least two independent melodic voices. While monophonic and homophonic folk music exists in Georgia, the most common type features three voices, sometimes even four, like in Gurian work songs. Many researchers agree that Georgian polyphonic singing pre-dates Christianity and currently it is one of the world’s most lively preserved polyphonic musical traditions. You can see for yourself how the melody of three voices differs in the beginning of the mediaeval hymn Shen khar venakhi (შენ ხარ ვენახი) ‘You are a vineyard’. The uppermost line is soprano, followed by alto/countertenor, and baritone:
Chakrulo (ჩაკრულო), title untranslatable, is one of the masterpieces of Georgian polyphonic singing. It was famously included on the Voyager Golden Record which was sent into the outer space aboard the Voyager spacecraft in 1977. It originates in the mountains of the eastern part of the country, Kartli–Kakheti (ქართლ-კახეთი). The lyrics of the song reveal thematic richness of the Georgian folk music. They tell a tale of mountaineer serfs under the yoke of a feudal master from the Mukhrani clan (მუხრანბატონები). By describing preparations for an armed revolt against the feudal master, the song explores universal political themes of unequal power relationship, serfdom, and resistance to economic exploitation. It also sheds light on the very romanticised and orientalised ‘Caucasian valour’. It portrays it as a choice between silent compliance and resistance — neither of the options is desirable or satisfactory, which makes the choice tragic. The traditional constructs of masculinity and femininity inform and limit the choice, as tears (symbolising surrender and submission) are only women’s right — not men’s. On account of the first-person perspective as well as the focus on tragedy, the song constructs a humane picture of the mountaineers and their troubles.


Chakrulo a Kakhetian folk song - kakheti.travel
The real crown jewels of Kakhetian folk songs are made up of the partying songs that stand out with their high tones, broad range and major intonations. Such are “Chakrulo”, Kakhetian “Mravaljamieri”, “Supruli” (Party) and “Zamtari” (Winter).
Chakrulo is a heroic song with lyrics existing in 7 versions. The rich heritage of Kakhetian folk music was immortalized by inclusion of the song in the Voyager Golden Record that was included aboard both Voyager spacecrafts launched in 1977. The Gold Record includes sounds and images selected to portray the diversity of life and culture on Earth, and are intended for any intelligent extraterrestrial life form, or for future humans, who may find them.

Popular singing has a highly valued place in Georgian culture. Polyphonic singing, in the Georgian language, is a secular tradition in a country whose language and culture have often been oppressed by invaders. There are three types of polyphony in Georgia: complex polyphony, which is common in Svaneti; polyphonic dialogue over a bass background, prevalent in the Kakheti region in Eastern Georgia; and contrasted polyphony with three partially improvised sung parts, characteristic of western Georgia. The Chakrulo song, which is sung at ceremonies and festivals and belongs to the first category, is distinguished by its use of metaphor and its yodel, the krimanchuli and a “cockerel's crow”, performed by a male falsetto singer. Some of these songs are linked to the cult of the grapevine and many date back to the eighth century


Text und Noten - text and notes >>
 
GEORGISCH - GEORGIAN
Chakrulo (Tchakrulo) - lyricstranslate.com
ხმალო ხევსურეთს ნაჭედო,
თელავში თუშმა გაგფერა,
მეფე ე...რეკლემ გაკურთხა,
საომრად ჯვარი დაგწერა.

მტერო დამჩაგრე არ ვსტირი,
ტირილი დიაცთ წესია,
ბევრჯერ ვყოფილვარ ამ დღეში,
მაგრამ არ დამიკვნესია,
მაცადე ერთი ავლესო,
ხმალ–ჩახმახ ცეცხლის მკვესია,
სულ წმინდათ მოგამკევინო,
რაც ჩემთვის დაგითესია...

ENGLISCH - ENGLISH
Oh sword, planted deep inside! - lyricstranslate.com
Oh sword, forged in Khevuresti,
A Tushetian painted you in Telavi,
King Irakli consecrated you,
He drew upon you a cross for war.

Oh enemy come oppress me, I cry not,
For crying is the way of women,
I've been in this state many times,
But I have not groaned,
Hang on, let me sharpen
My sword-pistol, the steel that sparks the fire,
Let me use you to cleanly spark
That which you have sown for me
 


Musikvideos - music videos >>
 
YOUTUBE
Chakrulo - Rustavi Choir
von 7gnza7pi
Mdzlevari - Chakrulo
von TTaaTTooo1
Chakrulo - Georgian folk song
von Nick Gedevanishvili
Chakrulo
von malow87
Chakrulo - Rustavi Choir
von 7gnza7pi
Chakrulo (ჩაკრულო)
von Ramaz Gigauri
Chakrulo By Chveneburebi - Night Song Festival, Tallinn, Estonia, August 2008 - During the War
von CHVENEBUREBI
грузинское многоголосие მძლევარი georgian folk song Грузины поют ჩაკრულო chakrulo muxran batoni
von badri baido
Rustavi Choir- Chakrulo
von KartvelianHeritage
Lashari - Chakrulo Kakhuri Istoriuli (georgian music)
von mario19991
MARTVE-CHAKRULO
von Giorgi Chanishvili
Basiani - Chakrulo /ჩაკრულო. კახური სუფრის
von Basiani Ensemble
грузинское многоголосие ჩაკრულო georgian folk song Чакруло chakrulo грузинские песни
von badri baido
Chakrulo
von Gioupvideo
Chakrulo - Rustavi Choir
von 7gnza7pi
Rustavi Choir - Chakrulo
von Irina Brodzeli
Chakrulo
von givi makhashvili
Martve Children's Choir- Chakrulo/ჩაკრულო
von KartvelianHeritage
ჩაკრულო chakrulo - Georgian folk song (Ensemble Rustavi).
von tornikek1
restorani chakrulo
von mikheil leluashvili

Voyager >>    

Voyager 1 - de.wikipedia.org
Voyager 1 ist eine Raumsonde der NASA zur Erforschung des äußeren Planetensystems und des interstellaren Raums im Rahmen des Voyager-Programms. Sie wurde am 5. September 1977 vom Launch Complex 41 auf Cape Canaveral mit einer Titan-IIIE-Centaur-Rakete gestartet. Ihre identisch aufgebaute Schwestersonde Voyager 2 war bereits 16 Tage früher auf einer anderen Flugbahn gestartet. Voyager 1 flog zunächst die Planeten Jupiter und Saturn an und trat ungefähr im August 2012 als erstes von Menschen erzeugtes Objekt in den interstellaren Raum ein.[1]
Die Mission der Voyager 1 gilt als einer der größten Erfolge der NASA und der Raumfahrt allgemein, da die Sonde ihre geplante Lebenserwartung bereits weit übertroffen hat und noch heute regelmäßig Daten zur Erde sendet. Außerdem ist sie das am weitesten von der Erde entfernte von Menschen gebaute Objekt überhaupt und wird diesen Status auf absehbare Zeit auch behalten. Die Entfernung von Voyager 1 zur Sonne beträgt (Stand: 6. Juli 2014) etwa 128,32 Astronomische Einheiten (AE), ca. 19,20 Milliarden Kilometer, eine Entfernung, für die Licht ca. 17 Stunden und 41 Minuten benötigt.[2] Jährlich nimmt sie um rund 3,6 AE (ca. 540 Mio. km) zu, dies entspricht einer (Radial-) Geschwindigkeit von etwa 61.000 km/h.[3] Von der Erde aus betrachtet befindet sich Voyager 1 im Sternbild Schlangenträger. ...

Voyager Golden Records - de.wikipedia.org
Die Voyager Golden Records sind Datenplatten mit Bild- und Audio-Informationen, die an Bord der beiden 1977 gestarteten interstellaren Raumsonden Voyager 1 undVoyager 2 angebracht sind. Die Datenplatten wurden als Botschaften an Außerirdische in der Hoffnung hergestellt, etwaige intelligente, außerirdische Lebensformen könnten dadurch von der Menschheit und ihrer Position im Universum erfahren, auch wenn die Wahrscheinlichkeit dafür äußerst gering ist und die Menschheit dann vielleicht nicht mehr existiert. Mit einer geschätzten Lebensdauer von 500 Millionen Jahren sollen die Platten aber zumindest Zeugnis darüber ablegen, dass es Menschen gegeben hat.
Die Platten wurden von einem Forscherteam entworfen, das von Carl Sagan geleitet wurde. Das wissenschaftliche Voyager Golden Record Team bestand weiterhin aus:Philip Morrison, Frank Drake, A.G.W. Cameron (Harvard-Astronom), Leslie Orgel, Bernard M. Oliver, Stephen Toulmin. Als externe Berater wurden Isaac Asimov, Arthur C. Clarke und Robert A. Heinlein konsultiert.[1] ...

Mission Overview - voyager.jpl.nasa.gov
Interstellar Mission
The twin Voyager 1 and 2 spacecraft are exploring where nothing from Earth has flown before. Continuing on their more-than-35-year journey since their 1977 launches, they each are much farther away from Earth and the sun than Pluto. In August 2012, Voyager 1 made the historic entry into interstellar space, the region between stars, filled with material ejected by the death of nearby stars millions of years ago. Scientists hope to learn more about this region when Voyager 2, in the “heliosheath" -- the outermost layer of the heliosphere where the solar wind is slowed by the pressure of interstellar medium -- also reaches interstellar space. Both spacecraft are still sending scientific information about their surroundings through the Deep Space Network, or DSN.
The primary mission was the exploration of Jupiter and Saturn. After making a string of discoveries there -- such as active volcanoes on Jupiter's moon Io and intricacies of Saturn's rings -- the mission was extended. Voyager 2 went on to explore Uranus and Neptune, and is still the only spacecraft to have visited those outer planets. The adventurers' current mission, the Voyager Interstellar Mission (VIM), will explore the outermost edge of the Sun's domain. And beyond.

Music From Earthvoyager.jpl.nasa.gov
The following music was included on the Voyager record.
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Bach, Brandenburg Concerto No. 2 in F. First Movement, Munich Bach Orchestra, Karl Richter, conductor. 4:40
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Java, court gamelan, "Kinds of Flowers," recorded by Robert Brown. 4:43
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Senegal, percussion, recorded by Charles Duvelle. 2:08
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Zaire, Pygmy girls' initiation song, recorded by Colin Turnbull. 0:56
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Australia, Aborigine songs, "Morning Star" and "Devil Bird," recorded by Sandra LeBrun Holmes. 1:26
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Mexico, "El Cascabel," performed by Lorenzo Barcelata and the Mariachi México. 3:14
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"Johnny B. Goode," written and performed by Chuck Berry. 2:38
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New Guinea, men's house song, recorded by Robert MacLennan. 1:20
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Japan, shakuhachi, "Tsuru No Sugomori" ("Crane's Nest,") performed by Goro Yamaguchi. 4:51
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Bach, "Gavotte en rondeaux" from the Partita No. 3 in E major for Violin, performed by Arthur Grumiaux. 2:55
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Mozart, The Magic Flute, Queen of the Night aria, no. 14. Edda Moser, soprano. Bavarian State Opera, Munich, Wolfgang Sawallisch, conductor. 2:55
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Georgian S.S.R., chorus, "Tchakrulo," collected by Radio Moscow. 2:18
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Peru, panpipes and drum, collected by Casa de la Cultura, Lima. 0:52
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"Melancholy Blues," performed by Louis Armstrong and his Hot Seven. 3:05
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Azerbaijan S.S.R., bagpipes, recorded by Radio Moscow. 2:30
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Stravinsky, Rite of Spring, Sacrificial Dance, Columbia Symphony Orchestra, Igor Stravinsky, conductor. 4:35
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Bach, The Well-Tempered Clavier, Book 2, Prelude and Fugue in C, No.1. Glenn Gould, piano. 4:48
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Beethoven, Fifth Symphony, First Movement, the Philharmonia Orchestra, Otto Klemperer, conductor. 7:20
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Bulgaria, "Izlel je Delyo Hagdutin," sung by Valya Balkanska. 4:59
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Navajo Indians, Night Chant, recorded by Willard Rhodes. 0:57
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Holborne, Paueans, Galliards, Almains and Other Short Aeirs, "The Fairie Round," performed by David Munrow and the Early Music Consort of London. 1:17
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Solomon Islands, panpipes, collected by the Solomon Islands Broadcasting Service. 1:12
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Peru, wedding song, recorded by John Cohen. 0:38
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China, ch'in, "Flowing Streams," performed by Kuan P'ing-hu. 7:37
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India, raga, "Jaat Kahan Ho," sung by Surshri Kesar Bai Kerkar. 3:30
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"Dark Was the Night," written and performed by Blind Willie Johnson. 3:15
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Beethoven, String Quartet No. 13 in B flat, Opus 130, Cavatina, performed by Budapest String Quartet. 6:37