Ali und Nino - Ein Liebesroman - 1937

Über das Buch "Ali und Nino" - about "Ali and Nino" >>

EINFÜHRUNGEN INS THEMA - INTRODUCTIONS
ALI AND NINO: THE TRUE STORY BEHIND THE FICTION - PDF, Herbst 2011, University of Kansas
http://georgien.blogspot.de/2008/02/book-ali-nino-novel-by-kurban-said.html - Bücherhinweise

EIN LIEBESROMAN 1937 AUF DEUTSCH VERÖFFENTLICHT
"Ali und Nino" vom Pseudonym Kurban Said
Erstausgabe: 1937, E.P. Tal & Co.-Verlag, Wien und Leipzig
aktuelle Ausgabe: Ali und Nino 2000, Ullstein, Berlin, 271 S., ISBN 3-89834-017-1
Eine kaukasische Liebesgeschichte, inzwischen in 30 Sprachen erschienen.
biblio.at/rezensionen - Das Forum katholischer Bibliotheken,
Österreich
Rezension: Dieser erstmals im Jahre 1937 in Wien erschienene Roman spielt in Aserbaidschan am Kaukasus und erzählt die Liebesgeschichte zwischen dem muslimischen Adeligen Ali und der Christin Nino in der Stadt Baku. Obwohl Religion und Sitte diese Verbindung verbieten, erlangen die beiden Liebenden die Einwilligung ihrer Väter. Kurz vor der lang ersehnten Hochzeit wird Nino von einem vermeintlichen Freund und Vermittler Alis entführt. Ali erdolcht den Nebenbuhler in übermächtigem Zorn und könnte nach islamischem Recht auch seine Braut töten. Doch seine Liebe ist stärker und statt dem Racheakt kommt es zur versöhnenden Eheschließung.
Der Fortgang der Geschichte lässt die beiden Jungvermählten allerdings nicht zur Ruhe kommen und vor dem Hintergrund der russischen Revolution müssen sie mehrmals flüchten, bis sie endlich wieder in ihre Heimatstadt zurückkehren können. Die ersehnte Ruhe stellt sich aber nicht ein und die Gegensätze zwischen West und Ost, zwischen Orient und Okzident treten immer mehr in den Vordergrund. Angesichts eines drohenden Kampfes muss sich Ali endgültig zwischen Ehre und Liebe, zwischen Heldentum und Familie entscheiden.
Diese romantische und zugleich abenteuerliche Liebesgeschichte ist eingebettet in eine Vielzahl von Erzählungen aus dem Orient, reich an fremd klingenden Namen, an geographisch fernen Orten und an Weisheiten aus Tausend-und-einer-Nacht.
So faszinierend die Geschichte selber ist, so interessant ist auch das Geheimnis, welches die tatsächliche Autorenschaft umgibt. Kurban Said war wahrscheinlich das Pseudonym der vom Orient begeisterten österreichischen Baronin von Ehrenfels und des in Baku geborenen Juden Essad Bey alias Lev Nussimbaum - absolute Gewissheit wird man darüber aber vielleicht nie erlangen. - Barbara Tumfart
Auf Englisch im Aufsatz von Leela Ehrenfels:
The love story of an Azerbaijani son of an Oil Baron (Muslim) and a Georgian princess (Christian), which is set in Baku on the turbulent eve of the Bolshevik Revolution in 1918, serves today as a beacon of hope that people do have the capacity to bridge the gap between what really are outer or superficial differences in social, traditional and religious practices. The story of "Ali & Nino" is a message of love and tolerance. I'm convinced that the more people know this novel, the more they are likely to realize that the only solution to our present-day world problems lies in peace.
Ali and Nino: A Love Story (1937, reissued by Anchor, 2000, ISBN 0-385-72040-8)
First published in Vienna in 1937, this classic story of romance and adventure has been compared to Dr. Zhivago and Romeo and Juliet.  Its mysterious author was recently the subject of a feature article in the New Yorker, which has inspired a forthcoming
biography. Out of print for nearly three decades until the hardcover re-release last year, Ali and Nino is Kurban Said's masterpiece. It is a captivating novel as evocative of the exotic desert landscape as it is of the passion between two people pulled apart by culture, religion, and war. ...
... Khan Shirvanshir is finishing his last year of high school: "We were a very mixed lot, we forty schoolboys who were having a Geography lesson one hot afternoon in the Imperial Russian Humanistic High School of Baku, Transcaucasia: thirty Mohammedans, four Armenians, two Poles, three Sectarians, and one Russian." ...
The multi-ethnic Baku, it seems, stands at a crossroads between West and East, and, as the smug Russian professor informs his pupils, it is their responsibility to decide "whether our town should belong to progressive Europe or to reactionary Asia."  ...

Modern readers coming to this novel in the wake of the fall of Communism, outbreaks of sectarian violence, and the rise of religious fundamentalism will find disturbing parallels in its cautionary chronicle of cultures colliding and a way of life brutally destroyed. ..
Ali et Nino -
Paris, Nil éditions, 2002, ISBN : 2-84111-270-5     

L'étonnante histoire d'un best-seller -
Traduit par Michel François DEMET:
«Ali et Nino», c'est le roman d'un amour inoubliable entre un jeune aristocrate musulman et la fille d'un marchand chrétien d'Azerbaïdjan au temps de la Première Guerre mondiale. Un «Roméo et Juliette» oriental et une anticipation surprenante de l'histoire contemporaine de la Tchétchénie et de l'Afghanistan. Un roman à la très belle écriture et d'une actualité troublante: ses prédictions sur la renaissance mondiale d'un islam militant témoignent d'une incroyable prescience.Publié pour la première fois à Vienne en 1937, «Ali et Nino» remporte un succès immédiat, malgré un sujet audacieux pour l'époque – l'amour qui se joue des frontières raciales. ...
Aufsätze zum Thema:
Zur Zivilgesellschaft - Wilfried Fuhrmann
Ein Schriftsteller zwischen Orient und Okzident -
Lev Nussimbaum – Essad Bey – Kurban Said - 2008, Zentrum Moderner Orient


Die Kreise von "Ali und Nino" - the circles of "Ali and Nino" >>

KUNST-EXKURS: ALI UND NINO-MONUMENT IN BATUMI
Ali und Nino-Skulptur in Batumi / Ali and Nino, moving sculpture in Batumi - youtube.com
Tamar Kvesitadze - georg. Bildhauerin - Georgian sculptor - en.tabula.ge
... In 2007, Tamar Kvesitadze participated in the 52nd Venice Biennale as a representative of Georgia. There she displayed her moving sculptures with their elaborate mechanisms. It was at that time that her symbolic “Man and Woman” started its life cycle: a small-scale version of the composition was sold in Italy; then it was displayed at an exhibition in London; today, the seven-meter-high sculpture nicknamed “Ali and Nino” stands outdoors on the seashore boulevard of Batumi. It is not linearity but the sea that perhaps most perfectly suits this composition - figures of a man and a woman meeting and parting. This is not a literal illustration of “Ali and Nino: A Love Story” or any other literary work. Rather, this is one of the best monuments ever dedicated to any love story or abstract romance. The artist herself shies away from concrete associations and leaves room for spectators to interpret the work for themselves. Her sculpture is at once pure and erotically charged. ...
Ali et Nino - Batoumi - Géorgie
- tout-sur-google-earth.com
«Ali et Nino» est l'histoire, écrite par Kurban Saïd, d'un jeune Azerbaïdjanais qui tombe amoureux d'une princesse géorgienne. Le livre, édité en 1937 fut traduit en plus de 30 langues.
La sculptrice et architecte géorgienne Tamara Kvesitadzé (née en 1968 à Born) s'en est inspirée pour créer un sculpture animée pour le moins surprenante. Deux formes d'allure humaine, un homme et une femme, bâties en plaques d'acier, se croisent et se fondent ensemble. ...
Memorial Of “Ali and Nino” Author To Replace Monument Of Stalini In Gori - 08.02.2011, onlinenews.ge
... The memorial is dedicated to perished people during Russia-Georgia war in 2008 and Soviet Stalin repressions. Memorial will be erected on the central square of Gori in place of the Soviet dictator – Stalin`s statue. Memorial is dedicated to people who were killed during the Russian aggression, among them is Dutch journalist Stan Storiman, who died on this very place, when Russian aviation attacked and bombed Gori town in 2008.

KUNST-EXKURS: ALI UND NINO--TOUR IN BAKU
The Ali and Nino Walking Tour in Baku - azer.com, by Betty Blair and Fuad Akhundov
... The Ali & Nino Walking Tour begins in park below the Philharmonic Hall at the statue commemorating the work of poet Aliagha Vahid. A scene on the back of his head deals with many of the issues that are discussed in the the novel relating to the differences in Eastern and Western cultures. The statue of Azerbaijani poet Aliagha Vahid was designed by Rahib Hasanov and erected in 1990. Curiously, it was the last public sculpture to be erected in Baku before the Soviet Union collapsed at the end of 1991. ...
Vahid's statue was selected as the point of origin for the "Ali and Nino Walking Tour" because the scenes depicted on the head of the sculpture so closely relate to some of the major issues of the novel. Take a walk around to the back of the statue on the head are two scenes, one juxtaposed above the other, depicting groups of men gathering. The scene on top shows a secular group of men, wearing Western clothing-suits. The scene below it depicts religious. Since the sculpture was created during the Soviet period, its goal was to praise the secularism over religious ideology.
The novel, "Ali and Nino", essentially deals with these same issues of East and West, secular and religious set in the troubling and uncertain times just prior to the Bolshevik takeover of Baku. Here, Ali's Geography teacher introduces the leitmotif, which will be developed in magnificent detail throughout the book: Is Baku part of the East or the West? The teacher suggests that the issue is really up to the students to decide. ...






Hintergrund - background >>

BAKU - ASERBAIDSCHAN
Baku - de.wikipedia.org
Liste von Söhnen und Töchtern der Stadt Baku - de.wikipedia.org


Streit um Urheberschaft - struggle about the authorship >>

STREIT UM URHEBERSCHAFT ENTBRANNT - ODER - STREIT UM EIN KULTURGUT VON ASERBAIDSCHAN / GEORGIEN / DEUTSCHER SPRACHRAUM ?
en.wikipedia - Kurban Said - Disput zum Pseudonym
Pro Elfriede von Bodmdershof / Lew Abramowitsch Nussimbaum:
Elfriede von Bodmdershof - Aufsatz von Leela Ehrenfels, hält Urheberrecht des Buchs:
... As you know, I am the holder of the copyright of the two novels, "Ali & Nino", as well as "The Girl From The Golden Horn", which first appeared German. "Ali & Nino" was published in Vienna by E. P. Tal & Co Verlag in 1937; "The Girl" followed as a Zinnen edition in 1938. Both were published under the pseudonym of "Kurban Said" and registered in my aunt's name. ... My aunt's real name was Elfriede von Ehrenfels (1894 -1982). She was a baronness born into the von Bodmershof family. In the year she was born, her family was granted the status of nobility by Kaiser Franz Joseph I (1830 -1916), king of Hungary and emperor of the Austrian empire. The Bodmershof name had once been Schuster (a very common name, meaning shoemaker). Her father served as Finanzprokurator, a top financial advisor for the emperor. ...
Lev Nussimbaum alias Essad Bey,
alias Kurban Said
Das Schaffen von Kurban Said alias Essad Bey - Gülschan Baschirowa, Berlin, 2006
12 Secrets of the Caucasus - Essad Bey ISBN: 978-3-929345-37-7
With an afterword by bestselling author Tom Reiss
... The American author Tom Reiss published Lev Nussimbaum’s highly-regarded biography, “The Orientalist,” in 2005. It became a bestseller in the U.S. and has up until now been translated into 14 languages. In February 2008 it appeared in German with Berlin’s Osburg Verlag under the title "Der Orientalist".
The Man From the East - über New Yorker, by Tom Reiss October 4, 1999
Ali et Nino - Paris, Nil éditions, Michel François DEMET:    
... Le «New Yorker» alla jusqu'à parler de découverte d'un «trésor enseveli». Au terme d'une enquête d'un an, un journaliste du «New Yorker» a enfin découvert l'identité du mystérieux auteur, restée inviolée pendant cinquante ans: Lev Nussimbaum, un écrivain juif de Bakou, fin lettré converti à l'islam, cosmopolite et déjà mondialement célèbre. Une personnalité remarquable, haute en couleur, romantique et tourmentée, considérée à l'époque dans toute l'Europe et aux États-Unis comme une autorité en matière de culture orientale.
Covers: Ali and Nino – 33 languages

Pro Grigol Robakidse, georgischer Schriftsteller, der in Deutschland lebt:
Ali and Nino – Literary Robbery! is a work of literary criticism written by Tamar Injia, a
professor of Georgian language and literature, and published in 2009.[1] The work presents a comparative analysis of discussions, descriptions, relationships, opinions and plot structure of two novels: Ali and Nino: A Love Story by Kurban Said, published in 1937 in Austria, and The Snake’s Skin (Das Schlangenhemd) by Grigol Robakidze, published in 1928 in Germany. By comparing 35 passages from the two novels, the author argues that parts of Ali and Nino: A Love Story had been copied from The Snake’s Skin, especially in passages related to Tbilisi and Iran. Additionally, by analyzing the literary parallels in both novels, the author shows "side-by-side" similarities in content, namely repeated stories, myths, legends, characters and plot structures. ...
Exkurs über den georg. Schriftsteller Grigol Robakides, der in Deutschland lebt:
de.wikipedia-Grigol Robakidse - en.wikipedia-Grigol Robakidze
Literatur von und über Grigol Robakidse - Katalog der Deutschen Nationalbibliothek
Grigol Robakidse, ein georgischer Schriftsteller im deutschen Exil – „zeitgemäß“ oder „unzeitgemäß“? von Nugescha Gagnidse
ab Seite 159 in "Kulturelle Vielfalt deutscher Literatur, Sprache und Medien", Hiltraud Casper-Hehne / Irmy Schweiger
Vortrag "Ein Dicher im Schlangenhemd" - Steffi Chodowari, 1994
Pro Jusif Vazir Tschamansaminli, aserbaidschanischer Schriftsteller:
Ali and Nino: A Love Story - en.wikipedia.org
Auf den Spuren von „Ali und Nino“ in Baku - Tatjana Montik - wienzeile.cc

... Bisher bleibt es ein ungelöstes Rätsel, wie Essad Bey an Tschamansaminlis Manuskript gekommen ist, und ob Lev Nussimbaum und Tschamansaminli einander gekannt haben. Dennoch besteht für die Mitarbeiter von „AI“ kein Grund mehr zum Zweifel, dass es nicht Essad Bey war, dessen Werk der Roman „Ali und Nino“ ist. Ihre Studie legt nahe, dass Nussimbaum viele seiner zahlreichen Bücher ebenfalls auf ähnliche Weise produziert hat - was er selbst einmal als ‚Literaturgeschäft’ bezeichnete. In „Ali und Nino“ wurden einige offenbar von Essad Bey hinzugefügte Ungereimtheiten festgestellt, sowie Passagen, die Essad Bey unerlaubterweise ‚entlehnt’ hat, etwa einem Buch des georgischen Schriftstellers Robakidse. ...
The Core AuThor of Ali & NiNo - Does It Really Matter? - Betty Blair, azer.com
So just who was this mysterious person behind the bittersweet love story Ali and Nino? Who was this astute observer of human nature, of traditions, politics and history, who felt compelled to hide behind the pseudonym Kurban Said? ...  The greatest advocates for the authorship of Yusif Vazir Chamanzaminli (1887-1943) as Kurban Said were his sons. ... Chamanzaminli’s diaries, essays, short stories and novels. His collection, archived in Baku’s Institute of Manuscripts, is one of the most extensive literary funds that exists for 20th century Azerbaijani writers. Its description alone fills a 200-page book. ... We found him to be a keen observer of society and a strong advocate for women’s rights at a time when few Muslim girls had the chance to go to school. ... Chamanzaminli understood his people, and realized that, for the most part, they were blindly following the traditions of their forefathers. But he yearned for a new world—a new society—which could transcend cultural differences, where individuals could be judged on their own unique merits, not the divisive stereotypes attached to religion or nationality. ... After Istanbul Chamanzaminli came back in Soviet Azerbaijan in 1926: Barely a decade passed before he found himself in serious trouble with authorities. Stripped of membership in the Writers’ Union in 1937, he disappeared underground. In 1940, he was arrested, branded as a counter-revolutionist, and sentenced to eight years in the GULAG, Stalin’s onerous system of political prison camps. He died there in 1943—broken in body and spirit, and leaving behind a widow and three orphaned children. ...

Bücher über Ali und Nino - books about Ali and Nino >>

http://www.tomreiss.com/books

THE ORIENTALIST

Part history, part biography, part literary mystery story, THE ORIENTALIST traces the true story of a Jew who transformed himself into a Muslim prince and became a best-selling author in Nazi Germany.

Lev Nussimbaum escaped the Russian Revolution in a camel caravan and, arriving in 1920s Germany via Persia and Paris, transformed himself from a frightened teenaged refugee into a celebrated adventurer and international man of mystery. In the age of Rudolf Valentino and Lawrence of Arabia, Lev became famous as “Essad Bey,” man of the East, and later, as the Nazi spell fell over Europe, as “Kurban Said,” the name under which he penned the enduring novel Ali and Nino.  But his success shielded a fatal secret.

A racial and religious cross-dresser at a time when such quantities were as fixed as a death sentence, Lev changed his identity so many times in his race to escape his pursuers that he eventually became a mystery to himself.  And the Gestapo was closing in…

Beginning with a year-long investigation that appeared in The New Yorker, Tom Reiss pursued Nussimbaum’s path across ten countries, from Baku to Berlin to Hollywood, and found himself caught up in encounters as dramatic and surreal—and sometimes as heartbreaking—as his subject’s life.