über Kachetien - about Kakheti >> 








About Kakheti

1222855974_GEO-kakheti.gifGeorgia’s wine country, its easternmost region of Kakheti is a land of hospitable, openhearted and straightforward peoplewho live surrounded by rugged mountains, ancient castles, magnificent churches, and drink wine to praise the almighty for each harvest of their nurturedgrape yards. Kakheti is unquestionably a must-see for any visitor to Georgia. With its generous landscapes and people, Kakheti offers an unforgettable experience to its first-time visitors and those who are well acquainted with its heart-warming culture.

 

 

Geography


Kakheti is Georgia’s easternmost region and shares a border with Russia in the north and Azerbaijan in the south and east. The region, populated by about 407,000 inhabitants, is just over 12,000 km2 – about 18% of Georgian territory.

Kakheti consists of 8 administrative districts. Majority of the districts such as Akhmeta, Telavi, Kvareli, Gurjaani and Lagodekhi are located in Shida (Inner) Kakheti, while Sagarejo and part of Gurjaani are part of Gare (Outer) Kakheti. Sighnaghi and Dedoplistskaro Districts make up a separate Kakhetian land – Kiziki.

Kakheti is one of the most beautiful and diverse lands in Georgia. Its stunning landscapes include the snow-covered mountains of the Caucasian main range, with peaks reaching up to 3300 m and 4500 and curving passes; these lie side by side with fertile lowland – valleys and fields and even semi-desert areas of Dedoplistskaro and Sagarejo Districts. Kakhetian Caucasus strikes with its magnificence; it slopes steeply down to Alazani Valley making the landscape as gorgeous as it can be. Abano Pass – one of the several on the Caucasus Range connects Kakheti to Tusheti. Landscape in this unspeakably spectacular Georgian province is characterized with very special geographic features. Whoever has traveled to Kakheti even once in his life will always associate this province with good wine and welcoming hospitality – Kakheti is a land famous for viticulture and winemaking. Farmers grow many kinds of grapes here and are skilled at producing a wide variety of high-quality wines. It is said that every village has its own particular variety. 

 

 

Climate


Average winter temperature is around 0 C; in summer it reaches up to +23-25 on the average. Annual precipitation ranges from 600 to 1000 mm in the valley. 



History & Culture

The Georgian historical tradition ascribes origination of Kakheti province to Kakhos – one of the several sons of Kartlos who is believed to have been the forefather of all Georgians. Kakhos was given the land between the Caucasus and Kakheti Mountain, from Aragvi River to Tketba. His brother Kukhos assisted Kakhos in laying the foundations of the province and also owned land from the Aragvi to Hereti province.

Until 3-4 AD administrative and political center of Kakheti was located in Ber-Cheleti (Jaleti), until King Asphagur had Ujarma built, the latter to become the center of united Kakhet-Kukheti land in the reign of King Mirian by the early 4thcentury. In the 11th century the center was transferred to Telavi Town.

The 8th century witnessed creation of Early Feudal Kakhetian Principality. In the 9th century Kakheti also included a certain part of Shida (Inner) Kartli up to Ksani River. The principality included Khevi or Tsanareti, Tusheti, Pkhoeti (Pshav-Khevsureti), and Dzurdzuketi and Ghlighveti. Georgian historical records refer to the latter land as “Mtiuleti Kakhetisa” (Kakhetian Highlands). During the 9-10th centuries Kaheti was actively involved in the struggle for unification of Georgia as one of the aspirants for leadership.

This was the time when Kakheti, Kukheti and Gardabani were united and gave rise to prospects for reconsolidation of Kakheti and Hereti principalities by the 10th century. In the United Georgian Kingdom Kakheti was a strong and important administrative unit.

In the 15th century disintegration of Georgia was followed by establishment of an independent Kakheti Kingdom. By this time its political and cultural center was transferred to Gremi – a recently built picturesque town. However, the invasions initiated by Shah Abbas of Persia within 1614-1617 Gremi was completely destroyed and Telavi once again undertook the role of political and administrative management of the kingdom that continued its existence until the 19th century.


Gremii.JPGMonumental painting. Kakhetian churches stand out with their excellent pieces of Georgian monumental painting. Earlier monuments are often furnished with aniconic décor. Unfortunately, most structures dating back to the Golden epoch of this art have reached us in a damaged state.

One of the masterpieces of monumental painting, All Saints Church of the 7th century, which is part of the Old Shuamta Monastery, gives us a glimpse of what the painting should have looked like originally. Other outstanding piecesare found in the Ozaani Ascension Church (early 11th century) and St. George Church in Bochorma castle (10-12th c).Monumental painting in Kakheti was particularly developed by Gareji School that existed for five centuries.Visitors interested in monumental painting are recommended to tour Katsareti Trinity Church (Khashmi village), Ninotsminda Church, Matani Tskhrakara Church, All Saints Church in Vachnadzianivillage, Sabue Church, etc., all painted during the reign of Levan the King of Kakhs in 1520-1574.

Apart from the paintings ordered by royal families, Kakheti also boasts so-called folk painting where Kalauri St. George Church (7-9th c) and St. Marine Church of Dzegani Monastery (5th c) occupy a prominent place.

 

 

golden_lion.jpgGold articles. Kakheti stands out for its numerous archaeological findings of pre-Christian spiritual and household items. In this respect, a golden lion figurine of the III millennium BC found in Alazani Valley is of special interest.

The long and rich experience of gold craftsmanship fostered development of multiple schools of goldsmiths in the medieval age. In this regard, visitors are highly recommended to see the large St. George icon in Bochorma (10-11th c), Virgin Mary icon in Alaverdi Cathedral (12-13th c), Supplication in Telavi, Virgin Mary icon in New Shuamta Monastery, etc. Majority of these items were ordered by members of the royal family, mainly Levan the King of Kakhs (1520-1574) and his son, Aleksandre (1574-1605).

The crosses and icons richly ornamented with sculptural bas-reliefs, precious stones and ktetor inscriptions were made by artisans of Gremi – then capital of the Kakheti Kingdom. Their majority is now kept and open to visitors in the Georgian S. Janashia National Museum.

 

dance.jpgFolk songs. Folk music and songs make up a true intangible treasure of Georgian people. Here, unique songs and motifs characterize each region. Georgian folk songs are mainlythree-part and come in three types: Burdonic, complex and polyphonic. Kakhetian folk music is of Burdonic type.

Throughout their long history, Kakhetians have developed hundreds of wonderful one, two and three-part folk songs still surprising a contemporary listener with is high class of musical quality. The songs were created for any occasion of human life: work, partying, sorrow, mourning and love, as well as historical events such as military invasions and campaigns. Spiritual hymns are of equal importance.

One part songs, aka ‘Orovelas’ were performed by one singer and characterized by calm, pensive manner, free meter and rhythm, as well as multiple improvisations. Such songs include ‘Choir’, ‘Kalouri’ and ‘Urmuli’.

Two-part songs were mainly related to the process of work and performed in an energetic manner by two groups of workers. It was a sort of competition in work and singing.

The most prominent part in Kakhetian folk songs is held by three-part music that is richest and most diverse both in terms of the genre and manner of performance. It can be regarded the highest class of Burdonic polyphony. Lyrical ‘Gaprindi shavo mertskhalo’ (Fly black swallow), epic “Gushin shvidni gurjanelni” (Seven Gurjaanians yesterday), labor ‘Glesav da glesav, namgalo’ (Sharpening my sickle), partying and military “Shavlego” (Dark dress) and “Mumli mukhasa” (Mosquitoes around the oak) are the masterpieces of Georgian folk songs that are not to be missed by any visitor.

The real crown jewels of Kakhetian folk songs are made up of the partying songs that stand out with their high tones, broad range and major intonations. Such are “Chakrulo”, Kakhetian “Mravaljamieri”, “Supruli” (Party) and “Zamtari” (Winter).

Chakrulo is a heroic song with lyrics existing in 7 versions. The rich heritage of Kakhetian folk music was immortalized by inclusion of the song in the Voyager Golden Record that was included aboard both Voyager spacecrafts launched in 1977. The Gold Record includes sounds and images selected to portray the diversity of life and culture on Earth, and are intended for any intelligent extraterrestrial life form, or for future humans, who may find them.



Kakheti - Wine Homeland

Known almost exclusively for its vineyards and wineries, this wide and fertile valley presses up against the white-toppedDagestan Caucasus to the north and the Azerbaijan wetlands to the south. Hot enough in summer to ripen any grape to perfection, the morning fog and the abundant rivers flowing down from the high Caucasus help fill them with bold flavor.

History of Kakheti winegrowing takes a start from VI millennium BC. Grape leftovers, discovered by the archeologists, date back to the mentioned period and they are the oldest around the globe, which proves once again that Georgia is a homeland of wine. 500 out of world-known 2.000 grape species are Georgian. Everyonecan enjoy the world’s oldest wine culture and discover the unique Qvevri tradition of clay pots used to create delicious, unfiltered, organicwines.

Touring this region for wine tasting is becoming evermore popular, and there are many different wineries you can visit and taste variety of wines.

 

 

Main Grape Varieties 

 

rqaciteli.jpgRkatsiteli – aboriginal vine breed of white wine grapes. Rkatsiteli grows in all Kakhetian areas and can be consumed as fruit. It stands out for abundant yields. In Kakhetian conditions it fully ripens around mid-September.

Kakhuri Mtsvane (Kakhetian Green) – aboriginal vine breed of white wine grapes that can be mainly found in Sagarejo District, particularly around Manavi Village whose soil makes it reveal its best features. Mtsvane is known for its good crop yield.

Khikhvi – Georgian ancient aboriginal vine breed of white wine grapes that can be mainly found in Gurjaani District, particularly around Kardenakhi Village. It can be used to produce high-quality fortified liqueur wines. This breed does not yield much crops.

Qisi – Georgian aboriginal vine breed of white wine grapes. Qisi is intermediate breed between Rkatsiteli and Kakhuri Mtsvane. Its grapes make both table and sparkling wines.

Saperavi – Kakhetian aboriginal vine breed of red wine grapes. Saperavi is highly sensitive to climatic conditions; therefore the area of its prevalence is quite restricted. Saperavi grapes can be used to produce table wines of various types and qualities and stands out for high sugar content. It makes both dry and naturally semi-sweet Kindzmarauli wine.

Cabernet-Sauvignon – French vine breed of red grapes. It is especially prevalent in Burgundy, France where it is used to produce the famous Burgundy wine. In Georgia it can be found in Telavi and Kvareli Districts and used to make high-quality table wines.

 

 

Kakhetian Micro Zones

 

venaxi 2.jpgTsinandali is located in the Telavi district,  on the right bank of the river Alazani at an altitude of 300 -750 meters above the sea level. The region includes villages Tsinandali, Kisiskhevi, Kondoli, Vardisubani, Akura and other nearby villages. The most famous Georgian white wine “Tsinandali” is made from the Rkatsiteli grapes (85%) and Kakhuri Mtsvane (15%).

 

Mukuzani is situated in the centre of Kakheti, in Gurjaani district on the right bank of Alazani river at the altitude of 350-750 m above the sea level. Micro-zone includes the whole area of Mukuzani; villages Velistsikhe, Vazisubani,  Chumlaki and other nearby sites. The grapes mature end of September. The main grape variety growing in Mukuzani AOC is Saperavi, which makes one of the best Georgian red wines Mukuzani.

 

Akhasheni is located in the centre of Kakheti, on the right board of Alazani river on the 350-700m above the sea level. Mainly Akhasheni and Chumlaki villages make up AOC Akhasheni. Saperavi is the most cultivated grape variety there. In Soviet times the famous Akhasheni wine used to be semy-sweet. Nowadays excellent dry red wines are made from this AOC. AOC Napareuli is situated in the Northern part of Kakheti, in the upper part of Alazani river at the 400-500 m above the sea level. The AOC includes Napareuli, Saniore, Jugaani, Artana, Pshaveli and other nearby villages. In the AOC Napareuli are produced as red as well white wines. The red wine is 100% made from Saperavi grape.

 

Kindzmarauli is located in the eastern part of Kakheti, in Kvareli district. The vineyards are placed on the 250-550 m above the sea level mostly along the left board of Alazani river. AOC Kindzmarauli is characterized with very unique climate and structure. Kindzmarauli soil contains number of precious metals such as gold, diamond, silver etc. The unique natural conditions of these vineyards have an impact on the superior quality of wine. If in the past Kindzmarauli was famous only as a red semi-sweet wine, today excellent dry wines are made from the Saperavi grapes.





Empfohlene Routen - Recommended Routes >>

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Useful Links
heritage.jpgNational Agency for Cultural Heritage 
Address: 27, Atoneli St; 0105 Tbilisi
Tel/Fax:  +995 32 932411 
Email: info@heritagesites.ge
Web: www.heritagesites.ge  
apa.jpgAgency of Protected Areas
Address: 6, G. Gulua Str. 0114, Tbilisi, Georgia
Tel. /Fax: +995 322 75 23 53; +995 322 75 38 87
Email:  info@dpa.gov.ge
Web: www.apa.gov.ge
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Georgian Wine Association

 Address: 5, Marjanishvili St; 0102 Tbilisi

Tel: +995 32 250 54 57
Fax: +995 322 50 54 56
Email: info@gwa.ge
Web: www.gwa.ge

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Kakheti Municipality

Web: www.kakheti.gov.ge

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Georgian Folklore

Web: www.alazani.ge

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Tusheti Guide

Web: www.tushetiguide.org.ge

Georgian Association of Guides (GAG)

Address: 5, Simon Janashia Str. 0179 Tbilisi, Georgia

Tel: +995 32 2309620 

Fax: +995 32 2231156 

E-mail: info@guides.ge 

Web: www.guides.ge 

















































































































































































































































































Sehenswürdigkeiten - sites of interest >> 

Kvareli

Nestled at the foot of the Caucasus, Kvareli is home to Georgia’s largest winery and one of the world’s largest wine cellars - an underground tunnel that can maintain the perfect temperature for Kakheti’ famous white wine, Kindzmarauli. While in town, visit the museum to Georgian writer Ilia Chavchavadze and hike around the beautiful lake resort – only a short drive away from the town.

 

Kvareli Fortress

Kvareli fortress is one of the largest of the Kakhetian strongholds of the 16-18thcc. Forming a virtual square it is situated on a plain and is equally accessible from all sides. The corners are formed by towers of cylindrical shape, and the main entrance is located in one of them.

Sighnaghi

Fortified town, 18th century 


The name of the town comes from Turkish word “Siğnak” meaning a shelter - has had a rich history as a central hub for tradesmen and artisans.The winding cobblestone streets, Italianate architecture, and 18th century walls create a charming atmosphere. Down the hill from the main town are several historic churches. Stay the night and enjoy the hospitality of the innkeepers and restaurateurs.

In the current form of a town Sighnaghi originated on the ruins of a previously existing fortress in the second half of the 18th century during the reign of King Erekle II. It occupies nearly 40 ha of land and circumference of the wall is 2.

Telavi

Telavi is the crossroads of Kakheti and a hub for culture, home to several of the region’s world-famous wineries, art museums, castles, and a theatre highlighting folk singing and dancing. Telavi is located on the crossroads of the region and is an ideal place to stop for lunch before or an excellent jumping off point for two or three-day excursions. It is the largest town in Kakheti with about 30 000 inhabitants. The first records of town trace back to the Common Era. It served as capital of Kakheti in the 10-11th and later in 17-18th centuries. The town is famous for its picturesque sights, a museum of local history, university, drama theatre, art gallery and other cultural and educational centers.

Tsinandali

Another must-see for the guests of Kakheti is the Tsinandali Museum and Gardens, formerly owned by Aleksandre Chavchavadze, a poet, general, translator, diplomat and a remarkable Georgian public figure of his age. His name was well known and respected throughout the Russian Empire. Born in 1786, Chavchavadze was baptized by Russian Empress Catherine II, and grew up in the best circles of the country, getting familiar withall the innovations and advancements of the contemporary European society. While serving in the Russian army as an aide-de-camp to Field Marshal and Minister of War, Prince Michael Andreas Barclay de Tolly, Chavchavadze fought against Napoleon in 1813-15.

Tusheti

One of Georgia’s most remote and scenic areas, Tushetiis tucked away in the Caucasus Mountains along Kakheti’s northern border with Russia. The Abanos Pass that runs to the region from Akhmeta is only open from mid-June to early October and travelers should expect an adventure as you navigate through the steep cliffs. Tusheti is a unique cultural heritage location. The villages of Dartlo and Omalo are home to nomadic tribes that still practice a unique religion. While hiking through this spectacular area, small stone towers can be seen that mark the place of a ritual animal sacrifice. Homestays are widely available for those looking for a rustic retreat.





Akhali Shuamta

Cross-domed Monastery, 16th century; Telavi District

New Shuamta Monastery lies near Telavi, on the wooded slope of ,,Tsivgombori’’ mountain. The Monastery got its name because of its site –it is surrounded from three sides by the mountains. ,,Shuamta’’ means – among the mountains.

The monastery was founded in the XVI century by the king of Kakheti leon and his wife Tinatin. Queen Tinatin was tonsured a nun in the same Monastery and is Buried there.

There legend about the founding of the Monastery. king leon and Queen Tinatin were returning from Guria. The retinue of king was carrying The icob which the queen never parted with. The Holy Icon of Queen TinaTin  was placed under cornel-tree.

Alaverdi Monastery

Cross-domed cathedral, 11th century; Akhmeta District

Alaverdi Monastery was founded in the second half of the 6th century by Assyrian Father Josef from Alaverdi who is buried in the Monastery. Alaverdi St. George Cathedral was built by Kakhetian King Kvirike in the 11th century. It is 50 m high. The cathedral has retained remains of artwork of the 11th and 15-16th centuries.

Batonistsikhe Citadel

Telavi District

Batonistsikhe citadel is located in Telavi. Entering the gates you can tour several small 18th century churches as well as the Ketevan Iashvili Art Gallery that features works from local and European artists. From the eastern side, theCitadel is bordered by the statue of King Erekle II on horseback. Climb to the statue’s base for a breathtaking view of the Caucasus Mountains.

Bochorma Fortresses

Tianeti District

For some time Bochorma used to be one the largest fortresses in Kakheti. It is located at the Gombori Pass on the road from Inner Kakheti to the capital. Nowadays the ruins of this once magnificent stronghold are covered by a dense forest of centuries-old trees. Its origin is still unknown. The first reference dates back to the beginning of the 10th century. It seems that it underwent multiple changes in later centuries and reached the age of late feudalism in a sadly damaged state. It is known that in mid 1700s Erekle II restored Bochorma fortress and it is the traces of these works we can see now.

Bodbe Monastery

Monastery, 4-9th centuries; Sighnaghi District

History ascribes building and decorating the temple to the first Christian King of Georgia Mirian and his son Bakar. This is where St. Nino, enlightener of all Georgians, died and was buried. The church acquired its current shape in the 9thcentury. In 1823 it was restored and painted. Bodbe has always been an important monastic and educational center and had a significant role in the political life of the country. It managed to retain its importance as a spiritual center in the Caucasus throughout the years when Georgia was part of the Russian Empire (19th century). 

Dartlo

The village of Dartlo has the status of architectural reservation. The evolution of the use changes is visible in the village. The fortification buildings lost their function and gained the additional balcony decorations. The remains of the architecture are the towers with the pyramid shape roofing and the attached balcony houses. 

Dartlo has various landscapes that is truly exceptional. 

Davit Gareja

A set of cave monasteries carved in the rock, 6-18th centuries

Sagarejo District

Gareji that occupies tens of hectares of land is the largest complex of monasteries in Georgia. It includes Davit’s Lavra, Dodos Rka (Dodo’s Horn), Natlismtsemeli (Baptist), Bertubani (Monks’ Place), Udabno, Tsamebuli, Kolagiri, etc. In the past their total number amounted to twelve, which gave rise to the name of the place “Twelve Monasteries of Gareji”. The architectural ensemble includes ordinary buildings and facilities carved in the rock. Gareji used to be a royal monastery. Georgian monarchs frequently endowed lands and other treasures.

Diklo

According to the legend the north Caucasian army attacked the town in the 19th century. 16 gunsmiths were defending the fortification for 18 days but the battle was unjust. So by the request of the wife one of the gunsmiths killed his fellows and died fighting himself. Men in Tusheti were well known as brave warriors.

Dotchu

The village of Dotchu is special because of its housing architecture. The buildings are mostly three stories high and are rich with their balcony decorations. 

Dotchu is built on a side of a cliff. 

Dubi Monastery

Kvareli District

The cathedral was built in the 6th century and is a three-nave basilica. The right nave includes a St. George church and the left nave directly connects with the altar. Dubi Convent was opened in 2000. The convent has its own farm, needlework and icon workshops. 

Dzveli (Old) Gavazi

Cross-domed church, 5-6th centuries; Kvareli District

Dating back to 5-6th centuries the Virgin Mary Temple in Dzveli Gavazi (present Akhalsopeli) is a tetra conch and outstanding monument of Georgian architecture. Many a times it witnessed how the cross was removed from its top and the dome demolished. It was even turned into a stable by Shah Abbas; but these walls stood in spite of everything. Starting from the 17th century the church and its surroundings were deserted and it was only in 1850 when prominent culture figures, Aleksandre Apkhazi and Ivane Amilakhvari restored the temple and the village.


Dzveli (Old) Shuamta

Monastery, 5-7th centuries; Telavi District

Dzveli Shuamta still has one of the oldest Christian churches of Georgia – the triple-nave basilica that dates back to the 5th century. Two other cross-domed churches were built in the 7th century. The walls of these churches still have fragments of frescos and inscriptions made in the old Georgian Asomtavruli alphabet. The monastery is situated in a hollow between forest-covered mountains so that it has natural protection from three sides. The fourth side used to be fortified by a thick wall. A tradition has it St. King Tamar once spent 40 days fasting in solitude on Shuamta hill.

Girevi

Akhmeta District

Girevi is located in the historical land of Tusheti, on the northern slope of the Caucasian Mountains, in about 50 km from Omalo Village. Tusheti is famous for its virgin nature, beautiful villages with ancient towers, exotic folklore, traditional festivals and delicious food.

The village is rich in monuments of Georgian traditional architecture. One of them is a five-storey tower in about 500 m west from Girevi. Another residential tower is situation in the south. It encompasses the tower proper and an added facility of later age.

Gremi Monastery

Cross-Domed Church, 16th century; Kvareli District

The history of this magnificent town turned out to be too short – from the 16thcentury to the first decade of the 17th century it was the capital of Kakheti. It consisted of several districts: church, royal residence and commercial neighborhoods. The Archangel Church, considered one of the masterpieces of late Medieval Kakhetian architecture, was built in 1565 and painted in 1577. It hosted intensive cultural and literary activities. The inner unrest, treason and finally the ravaging invasions of Shah Abbas’ armies virtually annihilated entire Kakheti and its capital was never rebuilt.

Gurjaani Kvelatsminda (Dormition of the holy Virgin)

Two-domed church, 8th century; Gurjaani District

Gurjaani Kvelatsminda is a wonderful example of a transitional period in the Georgian culture. This 8th century church of Dormition of the Virgin is unique in the way that it is the only two-domed temple in Georgia. The encircling path lies on the second floor. One of the multiple traditions relates that as one of the miracles by Virgin Mary, the cathedral had milk overflowing from its walls. This is why it was frequently visited by nursing and dried up mothers. The pilgrims usually returned home cured. Nowadays it is a site for a fully functioning monastery.

Ikalto

Monastery and Academy, 6-12th centuries; Telavi District

Ikalto Monastery was founded by Assyrian Father Zenon in the 6th century. The 8-9th centuries witnessed construction of a new Transfiguration “Deity” temple. It is bordered by a smaller 6th century Trinity church from the East. In the 11-12thcenturies an outstanding historical figure and tutor to Davit Aghmashenebeli, Arsen Ikaltoeli initiated the project on establishing an academy in Ikalto. Nowadays only ruins of one of the buildings are remaining. The ground floor had two rooms, while the first one had one big hall for scientific assemblies. In the academy students could study philosophy, rhetoric, mathematics, agronomy.

Kamasuri Fortress

The three fortresses of Kamasuri, which have never been invaded by enemies, is proudly overlooking the Alazani gorge of Gometsari. A lot of times the citizens of Gometsari would swear on the name of these 3 fortresses to prove their honesty. 

Katsareti (Khashmi)

Monastery, three nave basilica, 5-6th centuries; Sagarejo District

Katsareti (Khashmi) settlement used to be located on the important road leading to the mountain pass that connected Iori Valley to the range of mountains. Tradition has it that King Vakhtang Gorgasali stopped at that place during one of his military campaigns and gave an oath to build a Trinity Temple if he would defeat the enemy. Katsareti is a large three-nave basilica dating back to the 5-6thcenturies. It has been substantially modified several times. The plastering and artwork date back to the 16th century. The complex still includes a ruined palace, traces of the rampart and a tower built in the wall.

Keselo Castle

Historical district of Omalo- Keselo is a castle. Today there are the remains of 7 towers. This place must have been an important settlement for Tushi people, as long as there are two chapels and a beer brewing building there. 

In one of the towers of Keselo, there is an ethnographical museum there. The fighting and domestic tools are exhibited there. 

 

Khirsa Monastery

Monastery, 6th century; Sighnaghi district

An urban settlement has existed here since the 6-4th centuries BC. As for the monastery, it was founded by Assyrian Father Stephan of Khirsa in the 6thcentury.The Assyrian Father was buried nearby. Traditionally his grave was a place of worship for both Georgian farmers and Muslim Lezghins. The primary layer of the temple dates back to the 6th century; and the whole church was modified as cross-domed in the 10th century. Later it was renovated again in the 11th and 16th centuries. During the reign of Erekle II Khirsa served as an assembly place for the army.

Khornabuji Castle

Fortified town, 5th century; Dedoplistskaro District

Tradition relates foundation of this fortress and town and episcopacy to King Vakhtang Gorgasali. Khornabuji used to serve as the center of another historical Kakhetian land of Kambechovani and has always had a great strategic importance. In the 13th century it was severely damaged by Mongol army commander Berqa Khan. By the beginning of the 17th century it was taken and garrisoned by Persians and was only liberated from invaders by Giorgi Saakadze in 1625.

Kvavlo

Kvavlo is located in 10 km. from Dartlo. The village is known for its architecture- towers roofed in the shape of pyramids. The districts are connected with each other by small path ways. It you walk up the gorge of Didkhevi, you will be fascinated by the ravishing view of the area. 

Kvetera City Fortress

Akhmeta District

The historical city fortress of Kvetera, located high up the mountains above the Ilto River Gorge, is a masterpiece of architecture. The ensemble is constructed of travertine and blue glazed tiles and used to be one of the centers of the principality of Kakheti. The city fortress is surrounded by a wall with turrets and an acropolis was erected on its highest point. A palace and a court church are included. The central-domed tetra conch type church dates to the 10th century.

Manavi

Domed Church, 18th century; Sagarejo District

A part of this domed church was built with cobblestones, the other half – with bricks. Historical records have brought down the contents of the inscription that once adorned the temple; the inscription said it was built by Euphemos, Superior of Natlismtsemeli Monastery at Davit Gareji Lavra with the consent of King Erekle II in 1794. For a long time the temple stood inactive and the locals even drove cattle into it at night.

Matani

Castle and fortress, monastic complex, 18th century; Akhmeta District

The fortress does not have gates, which means it did not serve communal purposes. Rather, it was a residential castle owned by the Cholokashvili family. All the towers in Matani castle and fortress are of equal size, which makes it distinguishable among other Georgian fortresses. The fortress had a palace and church inside. It is one of the best from the buildings of similar type of the 18thcentury. A monastic complex called Matani Tskhrakara (Matani Nine Doors) lies in the neighborhood, in about 3-4 km from the village itself. The complex dates back to the 5-16th centuries.

Nekresi Monastery

Monastery, 4-6th centuries; ; Kvareli District

The town of Nekresi was founded by King Parnajom in 2-1st centuries BC. In the 4th century AD King Trdat built a church in the town, which is now one of the oldest Christian churches in Georgia. In the 6th century one of the Assyrian Fathers Abibos started to live there and founded a monastery. Nekresi was an important spiritual, educational, cultural and also a political center. It was the source of Kartlian political and cultural influence on the Eastern Caucasian highlands.

Parsma

Parsma

Sabue

Kvareli District

The village boasts around twenty churches and historical structures, among them the remains of a medieval castle, so-called Gate of Kakheti. Another remarkable structure is three-church basilica of St. the Baptist, which dates back to the 6th c. The cathedral has been several times damaged, built with cobblestone and later repaired with brick. The southern and northern churches are interconnected with a gallery. There is another three-nave basilica-St. Shio Church in the village dating back to the early medieval age. 

Shilda Fortress

Kvareli District

Shilda Church of Deity is a large church with a three-storey belltower at its western side. The church stands out for its rectilineal and neat arrangement of the building stones. Shilda Church of Deity must have been built in the late feudal age, c. 17-18th centuries. 

St. Nino Nunnery (Ninotsminda)

St. Nino Nunnery is a complex located in the village of Sagarejo. The very first building in the complex, St. Nino Church dated back to 575 A.D. and predates the well-known Cross Monastery in Mtskheta. The architectural style of this church (Tetra conch/ four apses) became a model or a template of Georgia of those days. The church itself lays in ruins, while XIX c. earthquake destroyed most part of it. 

There are other interesting buildings in the complex as well. One of them is a four-story bell tower that dates back to XVI c. The palace of Ninotsminda metropolitan was constructed in XVIII c.

The church complex is special because of its brick architecture that is very typical for Kakheti region. 

Tchesho

Tchesho is located in 25 km. from Omalo. Tchesho united the villages and fortification towers in its territory.  Today there are only the remains of the villages and three towers lined up together. 

Ujarma

Sagarejo district

Ujarma is located on the right bank of the Iori River. Its ruins still amaze the visitors. The fortress is built on a high hill and its western slope. The eastern side of the hill is an inaccessible cliff, and this is where the citadel was situated.

According to historical chronicles, Ujarma settlement was built by Asphagur in 3-4th c. In the 4th century, the first Christian Georgian King Mirian bestowed Kakheti on his son, Revi as a princely domain with Ujarma as the royal residence.

Vachnadziani

Monastic complex, 8-9th centuries; Gurjaani District

The 6-7th century triple-church temple whose ruins visitors can still encounter at this place was severely damaged by a landslide. It is bordered by Kvelatsminda cross-domed temple from the East. The latter dates back to 8-9th century and is a good example of a transitional period in Georgian architecture. In the 9thcentury there was a school and library maintained by the monastery here. According to a tradition a great Georgian poet Chakhrukhadze who was contemporary to King Tamar and Rustaveli was educated here.

Vanta

Telavi District

First reference of the village in the historical records is of the 14th century. However, archaeological evidence shows that it had already developed into a large settlement by early feudal age. The remains of a big castle owned by the Lord of the village, a court church, bathhouses and various buildings are still extant.

The palace had two floors, with a large and small hall on each of the floors. The ground floor that was furnished with narrow windows had a mainly auxiliary function, while the first floor served as the residence and was equipped with spacious windows. The two floors were connected with a wide staircase outside the building. 

Vejini

There are several churches and a bell tower in Vejini lavra.

There is a beautiful view of Kakheti from lavra. It is not known when exactly the constriction of this complex started. For the first time it is mentioned in X c. chronicles. But if we carefully look at the surrounding of Vejini, with several towers on the territory, it will be obvious that the area must have been a robust place with the busy church and social life. 

 

Village of Hegho

The village of Hegho is located on the intersection of Larovani and Kvakhidi waters. According to the historical chronicles the village was surrounded by a defensive wall. The Lek army was trying to take over the place for a long while. The legend states that the Leks sent their secret service man to the master in Dagestan to determine the weakest part of the fortification. There is a story about how the master builder of the fortress and the fortress itself were tied by an oath, but the local priest took the oath away so the builder committed treason. The secret was in one white stone, that was taken out of the fence and all the walls broke down. There are only the remains of the village left today. 











































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































Museen - museums >> 

Al.Chavchavadze House-Museum

Must-see place for the guests of Kakheti is the Tsinandali Museum and Gardens, formerly owned by Aleksandre Chavchavadze, a poet and a remarkable Georgian public figure of his age. Aleksandre Chavchavadze dedicated his life to enriching Georgian culture and is considered the first romanticist poet in Georgia. He was also an excellent translator, acquainting Georgian readers with various European and Russian authors such as Aesop, Voltaire, Pushkin, etc.

During his life, the Tsinandali palace was a cultural center frequently hosting Georgian and Russian poets and other public figures.

Sighnaghi Museum

Sighnaghi Museum was established in 2007. Signagi Museum exhibits Archeology, Ethnography and Medieval expositions. Intensive archeological activities started in Kakheti in the 60-ies of the 20th c. Majority of the unearthed items such as household and cultic articles ranging in time from the Stone Age to the 1st c. BC, are now displayed at the Signagi Museum. Sighnaghi Museum features diverse ethnographic material: musical instruments, weapons, vestments and items reflecting the lifestyle of this town. 

 

Working hours: Everyday except Monday, 11.00 – 16.00

 

Address: 1, Tamar Mepe St.

Tel: (+995 255)232448

Email: info@museum.ge

Web: www.museum.ge

Telavi History Museum

The museum complex includes memorial palace of the Kakheti king Erekle II (built in 1884-86), court church, re_parents of philosophy school, bath and tunnel built by Erekle II, also Ketevan Iashvili Art Gallery. The museum houses king Erekle's belongings and along with them: numismatic collection, erly medieval sarcophagus, late medieval armor, and collections of XVII-XIX c.c. cooper household objects, weapons, Khevsuretian (East Georgian mountainous region) clothes. The Art Gallery houses the private collection (187 items) of Ketevan Iashvili donated by her to the museum.

 

Working hours: Everyday except Monday, 10.00 – 18.00

 

Address: Erekle II Avenue #1
Tel: (+995 350)27 21 59
Email: telavisistoriulimuzeumi@yahoo.com
















































Akhmeta Local Museum

Museum collection description: The museum houses: archaeological objects, discovered in Kakheti region by archaeological excavations and accidentally (from Late Bronze Age up to medieval times), characteristic everyday life objects, ethnographical materials, crafts from one of the interesting mountainous regions of East Georgia, Tusheti – _parently XIX and beginning of the XX c.c. kilims, felts, samples of Tushetian clothes and accessories.

 

Working hours: Everyday, except Saturday and Sunday, 10 – 17.00

 

Address: Akhmeta, Kvemo Alvani

Tel: (+995 349) 2 7 28 67

Mob: (+995 577) 95 01 53

Al.Chavchavadze House-Museum

Must-see place for the guests of Kakheti is the Tsinandali Museum and Gardens, formerly owned by Aleksandre Chavchavadze, a poet and a remarkable Georgian public figure of his age. Aleksandre Chavchavadze dedicated his life to enriching Georgian culture and is considered the first romanticist poet in Georgia. He was also an excellent translator, acquainting Georgian readers with various European and Russian authors such as Aesop, Voltaire, Pushkin, etc.

During his life, the Tsinandali palace was a cultural center frequently hosting Georgian and Russian poets and other public figures.

David Gareji Museum-Reserve

Musum collection description: At the present there are 16 medieval architectural monuments in the reserve (building of the cave monastery complex in Gareji have started in VI c.). Archaeological excavations on the site discovered re_parents of primeval people dwellings, stone and bone implements; re_parents of dwelling complexes of Early and Late Bronze Age, as well as Iron Age.

 

Working hours: Everyday, 11.00 – 16.

Dedoplistskaro Local Museum

Museum collection description: The museum houses archaeological materials discovered in Dedoplistskaro area (from VI-I c.c. B.C. up to late feudal times): ceramics and bronze items: seals, adornments, ceramic items for medicine purpose, bronze pincers, religious sculptures, masks, Scythian arrowheads; also – numismatic collection (VI c. Sassanian silver and gold coins, Georgian, Russian, German coins), ethnographic collection (Kizik region kilims, saddle-bags, rugs, Kajar gold-thread embroidery, everyday life objects), collection of XX c. Georgian paintings (R. Sturua, A. Popiashvili, J. Gvimradze, R.Tordia etc).

 

Working hours: Everyday, except Monday, 10.

Giorgi Leonidze House-Museum

Museum collection description: The museum houses memorial objects connected with life and work of Georgian poet Giorgi Leonidze, ethnographic collection (XIX c. and beginning of the XX c.), various publications of poet's works, also paintings, graphic and sculptures, photographs dedicated to the writer.

 

Working hours: Everyday except Monday, 10.00 – 18.00

 

Address: Sagarejo, Patardzeuli

Mob: (+995 599) 61 10 12

Grem-Nekresi Museum Reserve

Museum collection description: The reserve includes XVI c. Archangel church, XVI c. wine cellar with winepress and, districts of merchants and nobility, where there are re_parents of noble's bath. In Gremi Museum (XV c. monument – king's hall and three floor tower with a bell-tower) are displayed objects, unearthed in the reserve area. There are Bronze Age daggers, adornments, items with animal images; IV c. tile with an image of St. George's hand on it, XII-XIII c.c. iron axes, sling, XV c. glazed tile and brick, water pipes, XVI c. cannon, bow with arrows, church bell from the commercial district, and big ceramic wine jugs, medieval cooper crockery.

Ilo Mosashvili House-Museum

Museum collection description: The museum houses memorial objects connected with life and work of Georgian writer Ilo Mosashvili (1896-1954), ethnographic collection (XIX c. and beginning of the XX c.), various publications of writer's works, musical instruments, furniture, also paintings, graphic and sculptures, photos dedicated to the writer.

 

Working hours: Everyday except Sunday and Monday, 10.00 – 17.00

 

Address: Sighnaghi, Village Vakiri

Mob: (+995 5 95) 21 72 78

 

 

Ioseb Noneshvili House-Museum

Museum collection description: The museum houses memorial objects connected with life and work of Georgian poet Ioseb Noneshvili (1918-1980), ethnographic collection (XIX c. and beginning of the XX c.), various publications of poet's works, also paintings, graphic and sculptures, photographs dedicated to the poet, audio and video materials.

 

Working hours: Everyday except Monday, 10.00 – 17.00

 

Address: Gurjaani, Village Kardenakhi

Mob: (+995 5 99) 95 09 72; (+995 5 95) 78 21 04

 

 

Irodion Evdoshvili House-Museum

Museum collection description: The museum houses memorial objects connected with life and work of Georgian writer Irodion Evdoshvili (1873-1916), ethnographic collection (XIX c. and beginning of the XX c.), various publications of poet's works, also paintings, graphic and sculptures, photographs dedicated to the writer.

 

Address: Sighnaghi, Village Bodbiskhevi

Tel: (+995 355) 23 55 72

 

Ivane Beritashvili House-Museum

Museum collection description: The museum houses memorial objects connected with life and work of Georgian scientist physiologist and founder of Georgian physiologist school Ivane Beritashvili (1885-1974), ethnographical materials, various publications about scientist, photos etc.

 

Address: Gurjaani, Village Vejini

Tel: (+995 353) 2 2 36 95

Mob: (+995 5 93) 47 76 85

 

Kote Marjanishvili House-Museum

Museum collection description: The house museum of well-known Georgian producer of theatre Kote Marjanishvili (1872-1933) was established in 1959. In the museum funds and on the display are kept memorial objects (various accessories, clothes, etc.) of producer: Beginning of the XX century antiquarian furniture, carpets, crockery (Russian and French china), paintings (L. Gudiashvili, Petre Otskheli, Elene Akhvlediani etc.),graphics, sculpture, photographs, documents, books on the subject of the producer's performances, audio-video copies of his film (“Amoki”) and performances.

Museum of History after Giorgi Maisuradze

Museum collection description: The museum houses archaeological and ethnographical collection of XIX-XX c.c. also weapons, ecclesiastic literature, XIX centuries manuscript exemplar of Shota Rustaveli poem “Vepkhistkaosani (“The knight in the Panther’s Skin”), Erekle II “Favor deed” etc.

 

Working hours: Everyday, except Sunday and Tuesday, 10.00 – 18.00

 

Address: Gurjaani, Village Vachnadziani

Mob: (+995 5 55) 45 08 73

Museum of Military after Shalikashvili

Museum collection description: The museum houses materials belonging to the famous Georgian brothers Shalikasvili. These are: memorial things and photos, different documents, ethnographical exhibits etc.

 

Address: Gurjaani Town, Shalikashvili St. 6

Tel: (+995 353) 2 2 02 37

Mob: (+995 5 98) 11 65 87

Nato Vachnadze House-Museum

Museum collection description: The museum of well-known Georgian cinema actress Nato Vachnadze (1904-1953) was established in Vachnadze family memorial house. In the museum funds and on its display are kept memorial objects of actress and her family: XIX c. and beginning of the XX century furniture, carpets, kilims, crockery (Russian and French china), paintings, graphics, sculpture, photographs, documents, books on the subject of the actress work, copies of her films; the museum houses characteristic for the Kakheti region everyday life and ethnography objects and archaeological items accidentally discovered by local people.

 

Address: Gurjaani Town

Mob: (+995 598) 27 41 77

 

Niko Pirosmanashvili State Museum

Museum collection description: The Museum offers to visit dwelling house of XX century legendary Georgian artist Niko Pirosmanishvili where several of his original works are presented in the exhibition halls. At the same time several pictures of the most celebrated Georgian artists are presented here, coupled with the world-famous lithograph of Pablo Picasso “Pirosmanishvili Portrait.” The museum possesses also the unique collection of old handmade kilims and carpets one of which was weaved by the artist’s mother.

Raphiel Eristavi House-Museum

Museum collection description: The museum houses memorial materials of Georgian poet Raphiel Eristavi (1824-1901). There are: ethnography materials; various publications of poet's works, also antiquity furniture, paintings, graphic works, and photographs.


Address: Akhmeta, Village Kistauri

Tel: (+995 349) 2 2 19 05

Mob: (+995 5 77) 95 01 53

 

Sagarejo Local Museum

Museum collection description: The museum houses archaeological discoveries (some – discovered by chance) in Kakheti region, representing time period from Late Bronze Age up to medieval times (spearheads, bracelets, cornelian and paste necklaces, different period ceramics), characteristic for local everyday life and ethnography items, samples of crafts (parentally samples of the XIX and beginning of the XX c. kilims and carpets, clothes, and accessories).

 

Address: Tskhvedadze str.66

Tel:  (+995 351) 24 36 74

 

Sandro Akhmeteli House-Museum

Museum collection description: The museum houses memorial things, everyday life and ethnographical material belongings to Sandro Akhmeteli (1986-1937), film director, one of the founders of Georgian theatre. As well as there are kept paintings, sketches, photo and documental material, posters, personal things etc.

 

Address: Sighnaghi, Village Anaga

Mob: (+995 5 55) 53 10 65

Sandro Mirianashvili Memory Museum

The museum houses memorial objects connected with life and work of Georgian composer Sandro Mirianashvili (1915-1987), ethnographic collection (XIX c. and beginning of the XX c.), records, family library, Russian and Grecian icons, Georgian and Oriental musical instruments, composer’s paintings, also photographs and other documental materials.

 

Address: Sighnaghi Sarajishvili Street #8

Mob: (+995 5 58) 39 07 37

 

 

Sandro Shanshiashvili House-Museum

Museum collection description: The museum houses memorial objects connected with life and work of Georgian poet Sandro Shanshiashvili (1888 1979), ethnographic collection (XIX c. and beginning of the XX c.), various publications of poet's works, also antiquity furniture, paintings, graphic and sculptures, photographs dedicated to the poet.

 

Address: Sighnaghi, Village Jugaani

Mob: (+995 5 98) 48 91 05

 

Sighnaghi Museum

Sighnaghi Museum was established in 2007. Signagi Museum exhibits Archeology, Ethnography and Medieval expositions. Intensive archeological activities started in Kakheti in the 60-ies of the 20th c. Majority of the unearthed items such as household and cultic articles ranging in time from the Stone Age to the 1st c. BC, are now displayed at the Signagi Museum. Sighnaghi Museum features diverse ethnographic material: musical instruments, weapons, vestments and items reflecting the lifestyle of this town. 

 

Working hours: Everyday except Monday, 11.00 – 16.00

 

Address: 1, Tamar Mepe St.

Tel: (+995 255)232448

Email: info@museum.ge

Web: www.museum.ge

Telavi History Museum

The museum complex includes memorial palace of the Kakheti king Erekle II (built in 1884-86), court church, re_parents of philosophy school, bath and tunnel built by Erekle II, also Ketevan Iashvili Art Gallery. The museum houses king Erekle's belongings and along with them: numismatic collection, erly medieval sarcophagus, late medieval armor, and collections of XVII-XIX c.c. cooper household objects, weapons, Khevsuretian (East Georgian mountainous region) clothes. The Art Gallery houses the private collection (187 items) of Ketevan Iashvili donated by her to the museum.

 

Working hours: Everyday except Monday, 10.00 – 18.00

 

Address: Erekle II Avenue #1
Tel: (+995 350)27 21 59
Email: telavisistoriulimuzeumi@yahoo.com

Vano Sarajishvili House-Museum

Museum collection description: The museum houses memorial objects connected with life and work of Georgian opera singer Vano Sarajishvili (1879-1924), ethnographical materials, antiquity vessels, samples of fine art (painting, graphic works, sculpture) and craft, various publications about singer, play’s costume, posters, records with opera parties of singer, photos about Vano Sarajishvili’s plays in Georgian Opera and La-Skala (Italy), compact-discs etc.

 

Address: 8, Sarajishvili St.

Mob: (+995 5 55) 10 71 31

 

 

Vaso Godziashvili House-Museum

Museum collection description: The museum houses memorial objects connected with life and work of Georgian actor of theatre and cinema Vaso Godziashvili (1905-1976), ethnographical materials, samples of fine art (paintings, drawings, sculpture) and craft, various publications about actor, play’s costume, posters, sketches of theatre, photos etc.

 

Address: Sighnaghi, Village Vakiri

Mob: (+995 599) 44 05 72

 

 
































































































































































































































































































































Nationalparks & Schutzgebiete - National Parks & Protected Areas >> 

Batsara Reserve

The Batsara State Reserve is situated in northeast part of Georgia, in Akhmeta region, on southern slope of the Greater Caucasus, at altitude 900-2.000m above sea level. The area is over 3.000 hectares. Climate is humid temperate.

An inviolable groove of Utkhovari, is observed in the reserve. The terrain takes in beech and mixed woods. There are thousand-year exemplars of Utkhovari. Such a massive groove of it is not discernible in any other place throughout Georgia. The forest is well-guarded, while people consider Utkhovari as a tree of angels. Also, the groove is comprised of hornbeam, elm, lime-tree, maple, ash-tree and others.

From mammals, the reserve is inhabited by roe, marten, otter, bear, chamois, lynx, wolf, jackal and others.

Babaneuri Reserve

The Babaneuri State Reserve is sited below the Caucasus Main Range, at the left bank of the Alazani River, at altitude 439-1.000m above sea level. It was founded in 1935, with total area 747 hectares. Climate is humid temperate.

The reserve involves third period relict a unique massif of Caucasian Zelkova (Dzelkva). Zelkova grows in separate grooves, as well as together with hornbeam. Besides, it is mingled with oak, maple and other tress. Height of Zelkova in the reserve is 20-30 meters, diameter up to 90 centimeters. Subforest is formed by a hawthorn, cornel-elder, medlar and sweetbrier.

There are a number of mammal and bird species living in the reserve.

Only educational and scientific tourism is available.

Chachuna Managed Nature Reserve

Chachuna Managed Nature Reserve is located in the Kakhetian land of Kiziki, in about 175 km from the capital and occupies about 5,200 hectares. The reserve stands out with a diversity of soils, including a wetland of about 24 hectares, which makes it an attractive habitat for a wide range of species of flora and fauna.

The riverbanks and the wetland are rich in reed and cane. Chachuna is home to endangered, rare and endemic plants, such as Georgian iris and Eichler tulips.

The fauna in Chachuna is one of the most diverse in Georgia, boasting species of Mediterranean turtles. Chachuna is a birdwatcher’s Mecca, with 82 bird species, among which 10 species are on the Georgian list of endangered species.

Iori Managed Nature Reserve

Iori Managed Nature Reserve is located in Sighnaghi region, in 140 km from capital. It’s total area is 1336 hectares. The vineyards of nearby villages are watered from Iori river and consists of different sorts of grape. The floodplain forests are protected on the both banks of the Iori River. Here also is a swampy area of ​​10 hectares. Representatives of the following mammals can be found in the Managed Nature Reserve:  wild boar, wolf,  leliani cat, etc.  Population of birds can also attract your attention.

By permission of  administration of Managed Nature Reserve, different activities like camping or hunting can be held on that territory.

Korughi Managed Nature Reserve

Korughi Managed Nature Reserve (2068 ha) is located in Kakheti in the densely populated district.Geologically, the Korughi Managed Nature Reserve is included in the Trans-Caucasian intermountain region. On both banks on river Iori the floodplain forests are remained. Willow, Floodplain aspen, Black poplar, Floodplain oak and some other trees compose these forests. The floodplain forest is bordered by steppe vegetation, mainly by beard grasses.

In the adjacent territory of Korughi Managed Nature Reserve the cultural, driving, adventure and hiking tours are well developed. These kinds of tourism is connected with sightseeing of David Gareji monastery complex.The region has great potential for ecological, botanical, bird and animal watching tourism development.

Lagodekhi Protected Areas

Lagodekhi Protected Areas are located in the most northeastern part of Georgia, in the Lagodekhi District. This includes the Lagodekhi Strict Nature Reserve and Lagodekhi Managed Nature Reserve along the southern slopes of the main range of the Great Caucasus. The height of the Protected Areas varies within 400-3500 m above the sea level.

Recently Azerbaijan has signed an agreement with Georgia to allow hikers to pass back and forth over the border freely.

Lagodekhi is a treasure for nature lovers: preserved forests, glacial lakes, waterfalls, deep valleys and access to a wide variety of Kakheti’s wildlife. Nearly every corner of the park reveals new stunning imagery.

Mariamjvari Strict Nature Reserve

Mariamjvari Strict Natural Reserve is located in 60 km from Tbilisi, and is spread on the southern slopes of Tsivgombori Range, in the vicinity of Antoki Village with total area of 1,040 hectares.

The hills in the Natural Reserve offer a picturesque view of Gare (Outer) Kakheti, its fertile wheat fields and grape yards.

Elevation ranges from 700-800 m to 1300-1400 m above the sea level. The climate is surprisingly diverse, with moderately warm temperatures in the lower area, moderate temperatures – in the middle area, and colder weathers – in the upper area.

The initial purpose of the Natural Reserve was to protect, maintain and study Caucasian pine – a species considered a relict in the Caucasia.

Tusheti Protected Areas

One of the most beautiful and ecologically unspoiled regions of Georgia - Tusheti is located in the eastern Caucasus.  Tusheti Protected Areas cover Tusheti Strict Nature Reserve, Tusheti National Park and Tusheti Protected Landscape. There total area is about 122,050 ha. Region is a popular mountain-trekking destination and has always attracted visitors with its snowy peaks, unique pine forests and deep rivers, with its old villages and castles. This part of Caucasus is the real heaven for ethnographers, biologists, photographers and adventure lovers alike.  The Tusheti protected areas possesses spectacular mountain landscape reaching up to 4,800m.

Vashlovani Protected Areas

Vashlovani Protected Areas are located among the two main rivers of Kakheti – Iori and Alazani. The gorge is a deep and very beautiful canyon cut by a little ravine through the cliffs of limestone origin. It consists of Vashlovani Strict Nature Reserve, Vashlovani National Park and Natural Monuments as follows: “Eagle Gorge”, “Takhti-Tepa mud volcanoes”, “Juma Bay” and “Alazani Floodplains”, total area of which is about 24924 ha. Arid light forests and bluestem-feather grass steppes.  Vashlovani arid step contains fascinating wildlife that have adapted to this unique climate. This region is a destination for the true adventurer and is best explored on horseback.