Menschenrechte - human rights

Menschenrechtsverletzungen gegen Georgier >>

Rustavi2 - Abchasien und Südossetien

Bericht von zwei Experten des Europarats spricht von "ernsthaften Defiziten" in der Aufklärung von Fällen vermißter Personen seit August 2008 - 29.09.2010, Civil Georgia
A report by two experts, recruited by Council of Europe (CoE) Human Rights Commissioner, highlights “serious shortcomings” in the process of clarifying the fate of persons, missing since the August, 2008 war, said Commissioner Thomas Hammarberg, who released the report on September 29.
Two experts - an officer from the Australian Federal Police and another from the French National Police, both with experience of investigating serious crimes and crimes of war – were sent to Georgia by the Commissioner in March to monitor how the cases of missing persons were investigated in Tbilisi and Tskhinvali.
The report details several cases, including the one of three ethnic Ossetians, who disappeared in October, 2008; a separate case of one ethnic Ossetian, who was captured by the Georgian side during the hostilities in August and also the cases of two Georgian soldiers, who were captured by the South Ossetian side, subjected to ill-treatment and whose mortal remains later returned to the Georgian side. ...

Sokhumi und Tskhinvali weisen Tbilisi's Vorschlag zu einer int. Mission zur Menschenrechtssituation in den abtrünnigen Regionen zurück - 04.05.2010, Civil Georgia
Tskhinvali and Sokhumi rejected on May 4 any prospect of even considering Tbilisi’s proposal on setting up international missions in the breakaway regions to monitor human rights situation there.
Temur Iakobashvili, the Georgian state minister for reintegration, said on May 3 after meeting with Council of Europe (CoE) Human Rights Commissioner, Thomas Hammarberg, in Tbilisi that the Georgian side proposed to establish, possibly under the CoE aegis, human right mission “to monitor and react” on human rights abuses there.
“It is Georgia, not Abkhazia which needs such international human rights monitoring missions,” Apsnipress reported quoting breakaway Abkhazia’s foreign minister, Maxim Gvinjia, on May 4.
David Sanakoev, breakaway South Ossetian leader’s special envoy for human rights, said it was not up to Tbilisi to take decisions about opening missions and institutions in Tskhinvali.
Tbilisi was insisting on opening of UN human rights office - similar to the one which was operating in Sokhumi – in the Gali district of breakaway Abkhazia, predominantly populated by ethnic Georgians, before the August war.
Although no such office was established in Gali, in early 2007 UN human rights office in Sokhumi appointed an international human rights officer in the Gali district. UN closed down its mission in Abkhazia about year after the August, 2008 war.

Human Rights Watch slams Russia for ignoring Strasburg court rulings
, Rustavi 2
Human Rights Watch accuses Russia of ignoring the rulings of the Strasburg Human Rights Court in the special report, which the international organization has published on its web site.
`The European Court of Human Rights (European Court, the court) has issued 115 judgments to date on cases concerning serious human rights violations in Chechnya. In nearly all cases, the court has held Russia responsible for enforced disappearances, extrajudicial executions, torture, and for failing to properly investigate these crimes.
Following a judgment, Russia has an obligation not only to pay the monetary compensation and legal fees awarded by the court, but also to implement measures in each individual case to rectify the violations, as well as adopt policy and legal changes (also known as general measures) to prevent similar violations from recurring. Russia generally has paid the compensation and legal fees mandated in European Court rulings on Chechnya in a timely manner. However, it has failed to meaningfully implement the core of the judgments: it has failed to ensure effective investigations and hold perpetrators accountable,` the report says.

Georgia: “Continued international presence and further human rights efforts are needed in the areas affected by the August 2008 conflict” says Commissioner Hammarberg releasing his report - Press release - 396(2009), 15.05.2009
“All parties involved should ensure a faster improvement of the human rights situation following last year’s armed conflict” said the Commissioner releasing today a report based on the findings of his fourth visit to the region since August 2008. “The population must be provided with all the necessary humanitarian assistance and human rights support and the work of confidence building must proceed.”
The Commissioner underlined the need to implement in full the six principles for urgent human rights and humanitarian protection which he formulated in the aftermath of the active hostilities. They cover the right to return, the provision of care and support for displaced persons, de-mining, restoring a sense of security among the population, protection and exchanges of detainees and prevention of hostage-taking, and unhindered humanitarian access to the conflict-affected areas.
The report also focuses on specific human rights issues in Abkhazia, including freedom of movement and the right to return, passports and identity documents, and the status of the Georgian language in the schools in the Gali district. The need for a continued international presence with a clear mandate which can provide security and protect the population was underlined by all of the Commissioner’s interlocutors. The UN presence in the region should be extended beyond 15 June 2009.
“People must not be made hostages to political processes”, the Commissioner emphasised. “The region and its people are part of Europe and are bound to have a European future once an appropriate settlement is reached.”

Letter to Georgian Authorities Regarding Attacks on Protesters - Human Rights Watch  07.05.2009

Vortrag Menschenrechtsverletzungen 09 bis 11-2008
von "Georgiern in Karlsruhe"
13.11.2008 in Karlsruhe im "Haus der Heimat"
mit S.E. Surab Chiaberashvili und
Vertretern der IGFM, des BdV, der CDU Karlsruhe

Unerwünscht: Militär jagt Journalisten im Kaukasus - NDR-Zapp Video
Bericht: Josy Wübben, Schnitt: Ingrid Milker
Sie spricht in die Kamera, berichtet aus der Region Gori. Plötzlich sackt die Reporterin des georgischen Fernsehens zu Boden.

Ethnische Säuberungen in Südossetien-HRW
- Welt, 29.01.2009 - German
"... HRW - Human Rights Watch -  widerspricht aber der russischen Darstellung, die Georgier hätten am Anfang des Krieges einen "Genozid" in der Stadt begangen mit 2000 Toten. Es sei von 162 bis 400 Toten auszugehen. ...
Sie kritisiert Georgien aber dafür, die notorisch ungenau zielenden Grad-Raketenwerfer in bewohnten Gebieten eingesetzt und auch Streubomben benutzt zu haben. ...
Die Vorwürfe gegen Russland und seine ossetischen Verbündeten wiegen weit schwerer. Der 200 Seiten lange Bericht stellt die geplante und systematische Zerstörung georgischer Ortschaften in Südossetien über einen Zeitraum von mehreren Wochen dar, die mit der Absicht begangen worden seien, die Gebiete "ethnisch zu säubern". ...
Der Bericht basiert auf etwa 460 Interviews in der Konfliktregion. Demnach haben russische Truppen sich an Übergriffen auf die Zivilbevölkerung auf georgischem Kernland zum Teil entweder aktiv beteiligt oder ossetische Milizen zu Plünderungen in die Ortschaften transportiert. ..."

Verletzung des Kriegsrechts durch alle Parteien in Südossetien
- HRW, 29.01.2009 - georgisch - Georgian

Menschenrechtssituation in Georgien >>               >>Seite

Office of Defender Giorgi Tugushi - oberster Verteidiger der Bürgerrechte in Georgien

US-Menschrechtsbericht zu Georgien: neue Strafprozessordnung und geändertes Wahlverfahren werden als "signifikante Menschenrechtserrungenschaften" genannt - 12.03.10, Civil Georgia
New criminal procedure code and amended election code, allowing for direct election of Tbilisi mayor are named as "significant human rights achievements" of 2009 in the U.S. Department of State’s annual human rights report, released on March 11.
Parliament passed new criminal procedure code last October and most of its provisions will go into force in October, 2010,
"The central philosophy of the new criminal procedure code is to establish the legal foundations for adversarial court proceedings: hearings and trials that balance the interests of the state with the rights of the accused, with the judge serving as a neutral and detached magistrate tasked with ensuring fair proceedings," Department of State's 2009 Country Reports on Human Rights Practices says.
The report says that "respect for media freedom declined" in Georgia and similar to previous report, the recent one also says "there were credible reports that the government restricted freedom of speech and the press."
"Throughout the year NGOs, independent analysts, and journalists accused high-ranking government officials and opposition politicians of exercising influence over editorial and programming decisions through their personal connections with news directors and media executives and of exercising influence over advertising income through their personal connections with business owners," according to the report.
It says that media in breakaway regions of South Ossetia and Abkhazia "remained tightly restricted by the de facto authorities and Russian occupying forces."
The report also says that alleged cases of arbitrary arrest and detention increased last year and politically motivated imprisonment, excessive use of force by the police, government pressure on the judiciary, senior-level corruption in the government, poor prison conditions and abuse of inmates were among main human rights abuses reported in 2009.
According to the report there were "cases of government interference with the rights of assembly and association."
"While three months of protests [in April-July] by the nonparliamentary opposition were generally held peacefully, there was a clear imbalance in protest-related incidents - crimes against government officials were investigated and solved quickly, while this was not the case for crimes committed against nonparliamentary opposition activists," the report says.
Like the previous one, the recent report notes that although levels of petty corruption fell, concerns remained about high-level and "elite corruption." It also says that there were a low number of reported corruption cases among judicial authorities.
John Bass, the U.S. ambassador to Georgia, said in a video podcast that the last year’s report on Georgia “reflects a society in transition from a past of occupation and conflict to a future as a full democracy.”
Along with achievements, he said, the report “highlights a variety of areas were the Georgian government needs to improve its performance to meet international norms.”
“Many of these revolve around the inconsistent or selective application of the rule of law in investigative resources,” the U.S. ambassador said.
He also said the Georgian government had been “unusually cooperative and responsive” in exploring and addressing criticisms raised by the international community.

Human Rights Groups Meet Western Diplomats - 10.03.10, Civil Georgia
Georgian human rights and advocacy groups met with British, French and U.S. ambassadors in Tbilisi on March 10 to convey their concerns regarding recent cases of, as they put it, targeting human rights groups and activists.
Representatives from Human Rights Centre (HRC), Georgian Young Lawyers Association (GYLA) and Multinational Georgia, an umbrella organization for dozens of NGOs working on ethnic and religious minority issues, participated in the meeting held in the office of HRC.
“There have been cases of direct or indirect pressure on activists and human rights groups and we wanted to inform ambassadors about these cases,” Ucha Nanuashvili, head of Human Rights Centre, said.
He said, among other issues, the case of Arnold Stepanian, founder of Multinational Georgia and representative of Armenian community in Georgia, was raised during the meeting.
Some Georgian media outlets alleged recently Stepanian was working for the Russian intelligence. Posts made by anonymous users on several Russian internet discussion forums were cited as source of information.
One of such reports was aired recently by Tbilisi-based Real TV, a station going out in Tbilisi through cable. Its 9-minute long report on the issue opens with footage from a meeting of leaders of Alliance for Georgia (Irakli Alasania, Davit Usupashvili, Davit Gamkrelidze and Sozar Subari) with representatives of Armenian community, also attended by Arnold Stepanian; the footage is accompanied by voiceover saying: “Irakli Alasania, Davit Usupashvili, Davit Gamkrelidze and Sozar Subari are sitting alongside with a presumed special agent of Russia’s Federal Security Service Arnold Stepanian.”
In general targeting opposition politicians has become a hallmark of Real TV; but the way how the station does it has become a source of criticism from many journalist and media experts saying that the station’s reports are often mudslinging.
After the meeting in HRC office, French Ambassador Eric Fournier told a reporter from Real TV: “Your channel has specifically targeted some members of the opposition to make a very cynical portrait of them and it has been considered as concern by many of us.”
John Bass, the U.S. ambassador, said the meeting aimed at getting “first-hand impression, first-hand assessment” about the human rights landscape in Georgia.
“It’s part of our broad interaction with wide range of organizations so that we can assess human rights situation as part of our broad commitment to help Georgia to realize its goals of membership in Euro-Atlantic community,” Bass said.
Denis Keefe, the British ambassador, said work of human rights groups was “fundamental to Georgia’s democratic development.”
“We have good cooperation with number of these NGOs… and we have very useful and serious discussion,” Keefe said.
Ucha Nanuashvili of HRC said that another case raised with the diplomats was related to a long-time investigative journalist Vakhtang Komakhidze, who has requested asylum in Switzerland, citing pressure from the authorities.
On February 26 eighteen human rights and advocacy groups released a joint statement expressing concern over, as they put it, smear campaign against them.
“Information campaign against human rights organizations has intensified since December 2009. Those media outlets, which are either controlled by or have links with the authorities, have reported biased stories one after another, where some human rights groups were portrayed as the country’s enemies working against public interests,” a joint statement by 18 non-governmental organizations.

ISHR-IGFM - International Society for Human Rights, Georgia >>

International Society for Human Rights, Georgia

Giorgi Tsabadze (Martskhena Sanapiro) St. 3-32 
Tbilisi 380012 
Republic of Georgia 
Tel: +995 32 348651 
Fax: +995 32 348651 or 001153 
Web Site:
Contact: Dr. Levan Z. Urushadze - Chairman


The National Section of Georgia (formerlly know as the National Group of Georgia of the International Society for Human Rights, registered by the International Council of the International Society for Human Rights on November 1, 1997) was registered on December 6, 1998. The organization had receiced the status of National Section of Georgia of ISHR-IGFM on the December 6, 1998. Organization members are responsible for publishing a newspaper, "Adamianis Uplebebi" ("Human Rights"), and press-releases about the situation in the fields of human rights, freedom of the press and speech and social-economic and cultural rights in Georgia and the Caucasian region. In October 1998, the Section co-founded the international association "CAUCASUS: Ethnic Relations, Human Rights, Geopolitics" (IACERHRG). The IACERHRG Web site is located at:

The National Section of Georgia is officially registered by the International Council of the ISHR-IGFM. ISHR-IGFM is a Germany-based worldwide Human Rights Organisation (Founded in 1972 in Frankfurt/Main) with 40 National Sections and Groups.

The basic aims and goals of the National Section of Georgia of ISHR-IGFM:

  • Study the conflicts, existing in the Republic of Georgia and the Caucasian region
  • Monitoring of infringement of Human Rights and Basic Freedoms in Georgia and the Caucasus
  • Permanent activities against the censorship and dictatorship
  • Defence of the rights of political prisoners and refugees in the Republic of Georgia
  • Defence of the rights of journalists
  • Activities in the field of Freedom of the Press and speech
  • Defence of the cultural and social-economic rights of the civil society
  • Permanently support the idea of the Caucasian nations existing in Peace and Freedom
  • Educational, research and publishing activities in the fields of Human Rights, Conflictology, History of the Human Rights movement in Georgia and the Caucasian region, Rights of Nations

The Official Partner Organizations of the National Section of Georgia of ISHR-IGFM in the Republic of Georgia:

  • the International Association CAUCASUS: Ethnic Relations, Human Rights, Geopolitics (IACERHRG)
  • The Independent Newspaper Adamianis Uplebebi ("Human Rights"
  • the Independent Newspaper Tvaltai
  • the Zviad Gamsakhurdia Society in the Netherlands

International partners, aside from the International Society of Human Rights, include The Netherlands Helsinki Union and Human Rights Watch\ Helsinki.


The newspaper run by the organization is published in Georgia with involvement from the International Human Rights community. The Society states that its basic goals and aims are:

  1. Monitoring of infringement of Human Rights and Basic Freedoms in the Republic of Georgia and the Caucasian region;
  2. Monitoring of infringement of Freedom of the Press and speech in Georgia and the Caucasian region;
  3. Permanent activism against the censorship and dictatorship in the field of Journalism;
  4. Study and analysis of the conflicts, existing in Georgia and the Caucasus;
  5. Educational, research and publishing activities.

In 1997 the Editorial Staff of "Adamianis Uplebebi" ("Human Rights") had received the Grant from the Westminster Foundation for Democracy (V.GEO.2.F.AB).

The Society is organizing an international conference on "The Genocide of the Peoples in the Caucasus" 28-29 October, 1998, in Tbilisi. The main themes of the Conference will be: 1) The anticaucasian, repressive policy of the Soviet empire (1917-1991), 2) Postsoviet Russia and the Caucasus (1991-1998), 3) Human Rights and Basic Freedoms in the Caucasus.

The National Section of Georgia of ISHR-IGFM accepts contributions from persons, independent funds and NGO's. Section does not accept the donations from the governmental bodies and the political parties.

Bank Account for contributions:

In Favour of: the National Section of Georgia of ISHR
Account No: 225070848
United Georgian Bank
Republic of Georgia, Tbilisi
Swift Code: UGEBGE22XXX
Mtatsminda Branch
Chanturia Street 14
Tbilisi 380008
Republic of Georgia.
Correspondent Bank: CITY BANK, New York, USA,
C/a No: 36021436


February 23-25, 2000 the National Section of Georgia of the ISHR was Co-Organizer of the 1st International Congress "The Contemporary World and Human Rights in Georgia" (Batumi, Georgia).

Last updated:    April 2000

A print version of much of the information contained in this NIS Third Sector Organizations section can be found in the The Post-Soviet Handbook (Seattle and London: University of Washington Press, 1999).

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Menschenrechte - Humnan Rights >>

UN Association - Refugees  -
IDMC - Vertreibung in Georgien-IDP in Georgia - IPD Project Georgia
EU-Kommissar für Menschenrechte - Europäischer Bürgerbeauftragter
Europäischer Gerichtshof für Menschenrechte (ECHR) - HRW about Georgia - State Minister For Reintegration
Institut für Menschenrechte - Schriften
IGFM Deutschland -ärung-Menschenrechte
amnesty -
khodorkovskycenter - Vorfälle in
IDMC in Genf - Vertreibung in Georgien-IDP in Georgia
für Vertragsstaaten des Europarats, wie BRD, Georgien Russland, ...:
ECHR - European Court of Human Rights - Europäischer Menschenrechtsgerichtshof

Info: deutsch - russisch/russian/rusuli - english - französisch

Menschenrechtsverletzungen in Russland >>               >>Seite - Nachrichten von Memorial auf deutsch -
Menschenrechtsorganisation, Seite auf russisch

Mehr Macht für Russlands Spione - 15.07.2010, Zeit
Die Staatsduma in Moskau beschloss, dem russischen Inlandsgeheimdienst FSB mehr Möglichkeiten zu geben. ... Der FSB kann Bürger allein bei auffälligem Verhalten zu einem "vorbeugenden Gespräch" vorladen, ohne Beweise vorzulegen. Sie handelt auf bloßen Verdacht. Damit soll eine mögliche spätere Straftat "gegen die Sicherheit des Landes" verhindert werden. .... Für Kritiker ist das Gesetz vor allem ein neues Mittel zur Einschüchterung Andersdenkender. ...

TV anchor found killed in his apartment in Moscow - 26.06.10, Rustavi2
News anchor of Expert TV station Dmitry Okkert was found killed in his Moscow apartment on Friday morning. The 27-year-old journalist had multiple stab wounds on his body.
Russian news agencies report, the unknown offender inflicted at least 30 stab wounds on the journalist`s body. The investigation has not ascertained motive of the murder yet. According to one version, the journalist could be killed due to his professional work. According to another version, Okkert could be murdered by someone he knew quite closely, because having arrived at the crime scene, law enforcers found the door of the apartment locked.
Friend of the murdered journalists said Dmitry Okkert did not get in touch with them for three days, after what they visited the journalist`s apartment and found him dead there.

Vaclav Havel: They Kill Justice in Russia - On tue la justice en Russie - 12.06.10, Rustavi 2/Monde
Open letter by Vaclav Havel and other world-famous political and public figures, who addressed Russian President Dmitry Medvedev: `Death of Eduard Chuvashov A judge killed in cold blood on April 12 in Moscow, added a new name to the excessively long list of murders committed against those who try to bring justice to victims of crimes in Russia, essential task for the future of Russian society`.
Vaclav Havel mentions Ana Politkovskaya, Stanislav Makarov, Natalya Estemirova, Makshrip Aushev, Ivan Khutorsky and says those people were determined to improve Russia`s reputation on human rights and expose the truth about their violations.
We urge the Russian government to stop once and for all the chain of human tragedies. By allowing the killing of people whose sole purpose is the preservation of human dignity, Russia is choking any hope for a better future. At least the Russian authorities fail in what should be the central function of any government: to protect the lives and physical security of all its citizens. To make matters worse, none of these murders has been investigated, and none of the perpetrators has been brought to justice. ...

Hochrangiger Richter in Moskau erschossen - 13.04.10, SWR
In Moskau wird der Leichnam des ermordeten Richters Eduard Tschuwaschow abtransportiert
Ein hochrangiger Moskauer Richter ist einem Mordanschlag zum Opfer gefallen. Eduard Tschuwaschow sei von Unbekannten erschossen worden, als er am Morgen sein Wohnhaus in der russischen Hauptstadt verlassen habe, teilten die Ermittler mit. Nach Treffern in Kopf und Brust sei er auf der Stelle tot gewesen, hieß es weiter.
Mord aus Vergeltung?
Die Generalstaatsanwaltschaft vermutet als Tatmotiv Rache, denn Tschuwaschow war als Richter für seinen Einsatz gegen Rechtsradikale bekannt. Wie die Menschenrechtsorganisation Sowa Center bekannt gab, war der 47-Jährige bereits wegen seiner Urteile für rassistisch motivierte Verbrechen auf radikalen Internetseiten bedroht worden.
Unter anderem hatte er im Februar neun Mitglieder der nationalistischen Skinhead-Band ''Weiße Wölfe'' wegen einer Reihe rassistisch motivierter Morde zu langjährigen Haftstrafen verurteilt. Nach Gerichtsangaben brachte Tschuwaschow zuletzt in der vergangenen Woche erneut drei Rechtsradikale hinter Gitter. ...
Ultranationalists Suspected In Russian Judge's Killing - 13.04.10, Radio Liberty
A Russian judge known for his tough verdicts against skinheads has been killed in a contract-style shooting that has shocked officials and activists combating ultranationalist violence.
A gunman shot Eduard Chuvashov in the stairwell of his Moscow apartment building as he was leaving for work early on April 12. He died on the spot.
President Dmitry Medvedev denounced the slaying as "cynical" and vowed to track down the killers.
Sova, a group that monitors hate crimes in Russia, says Chuvashov had been receiving death threats for several weeks.
Sova deputy head Galina Kozhevnikova says an ultranationalist website incited hatred against Chuvashov on the Internet and listed his name on a so-called list of "enemies of the people" last month. ...
Russian judge murdered in Moscow - 13.04.10, dw-world
The outline of a body on a street
Großansicht des Bildes mit der Bildunterschrift: Police say Chuvashov's assaliants fired three shots
A Russian judge was shot in broad daylight as he left his Moscow apartment on Monday morning. Police are investigating whether his murder was connected to his work.

Tbilisi verurteilt die Ermordung eines Georgiers in Moskau, der vermutlich von einem Polizisten zu Tode geprügelt wurde - 13.11.2009, Civil Georgia
Ein Polizist wurde verhaftet und des Mißbrauchs von Gewalt angeklagt, die zu Körperverletzungen und zum Tode führte - nach Angabe russicher Agenturen. Das Opfer ist ein Flüchtling aus Abchasien, Eduard Gurtskaia.
The Georgian Foreign Ministry said murder of a Georgian citizen in Moscow, who was beating to death, was “a vivid confirmation” of xenophobia.
A Russian policeman was arrested and charged with misuse of power and with inflicting bodily injuries to a refugee from Abkhazia, Eduard Gurtskaia, which led to the latter’s death, the Russian news agencies reported on November 25.
“This killing is a vivid confirmation that xenophobia is a common phenomenon in Russia and crimes on the ethnic ground against representatives of national minorities and Caucasians are committed both by skinheads and Russian militia, who resemble the skinheads by their methods,” the Georgian Foreign Ministry said.
“Victim of the crime [Eduard] Ghurtskaia was refugee from Abkhazia. Russia first deprived him of homeland and then deprived of life,” the Foreign Ministry said.

Moscow militia kills young Abkhaz teenager - 24.11.09
, Rustavi 2
Three officers of the Moscow militia have been arrested in suspicion of premeditated murder. They are suspected of killing an IDP from Abkhazia, Eduard Ghurtskaia, 19. Reportedly, the officers were drunk when they halted two pedestrians at one of the subway stations and beat them up brutally with clubs. Ghurtskaia died in a nearby drugstore.
The officers were arrested in an hour after the crime. They will be interrogated soon. The suspects may face the charges of premeditated murder.
The family of the killed young man asks help to take the corps of the boy to Georgia.

... With respect to the sixth periodic report of the Russian Federation, the Committee welcomed the adoption in 2008 of the National Plan on Countering Corruption. It remained concerned about allegations of large-scale, indiscriminate abuses and killings of civilians in South Ossetia during the military operations in August 2008, and that, to date, the authorities had not carried out any independent and exhaustive appraisal of serious violations of human rights by members of Russian forces and armed groups there. The Committee requested detailed information on developments in all cases of criminal prosecutions relating to threats, violent assaults and murders of journalists and human rights defenders in the Russian Federation between 2003 and 2009. ...

Following its examination of the sixth periodic report of the Russian Federation, the Committee welcomed judicial reform measures, including the establishment of the National Working Group on Judicial Reform and the adoption in 2009 of the Law “On the securing of access to information on the activities of the courts of the Russian Federation”; the adoption in 2008 of the National Plan on Countering Corruption and the enactment of the Federal Law on Counteraction of Corruption; the establishment of the Office of the Ombudsman for Children, in September 2009; and the ratification, in 2008, of the Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on the involvement of children in armed conflict.
The Committee nevertheless was concerned about several aspects of the 2006 Federal Law “on Counteracting Terrorism”, which imposed a wide range of restrictions on Covenant rights; had broad definitions of terrorism and terrorist activity; and lacked procedural safeguards or judicial or parliamentary oversight. In that connection, the Committee was concerned about the large number of convictions for terrorism-related charges, which might have been handed down by courts in Chechnya on the basis of confessions obtained through unlawful detention and torture. It also remained concerned about allegations of large-scale, indiscriminate abuses and killings of civilians in South Ossetia during the military operations by Russian forces in August 2008, and that, to date, the Russian authorities had not carried out any independent and exhaustive appraisal of serious violations of human rights by members of Russian forces and armed groups there. Similarly, the Committee was concerned about ongoing reports of torture, extrajudicial killing and secret detention in Chechnya and other parts of the North Caucasus by military and other State agents, that the number of disappearances and abduction cases in Chechnya had increased in the period 2008-2009, and regarding allegations of mass graves in Chechnya and reports of collective punishment for relatives of terrorist suspects, such as the burning of family homes. Among recommendations, the Russian Federation was urged to take stringent measures to put an end to enforced disappearances, extrajudicial killings, other forms of ill-treatment and abuse committed or instigated by law enforcement officials in Chechnya and other parts of the North Caucasus; and to provide information on investigations launched, convictions and penalties. It should consider amending the Criminal Code in order to criminalize torture as such; and take all necessary measures for a fully functioning independent human rights monitoring body to review all places of detention and cases of alleged abuses of persons while in custody, ensuring regular, independent, unannounced and unrestricted visits to all places of detention.
The Committee was also concerned at the alarming incidence of threats, violent assaults and murders of journalists and human rights defenders in the Russian Federation, which had created a climate of fear and a chilling effect on the media, and regretted the lack of effective measures taken to protect the right to life and security of those persons. The Committee requested detailed information on developments in all cases of criminal prosecutions relating to threats, violent assaults and murders of journalists and human rights defenders in the Russian Federation covering the period between 2003 and 2009. Other remaining concerns of the Committee were the continued prevalence of domestic violence in and the lack of shelters available to women; an increasing number of hate crimes and racially motivated attacks against ethnic and religious minorities, as well as reports of racial profiling and harassment by law enforcement personnel; the significant number of persons with mental disabilities who were deprived of their legal capacity and the apparent lack of adequate procedural and substantive safeguards against disproportionate restrictions in their enjoyment of rights; overcrowding in prisons; and that media professionals continued to be subjected to politically motivated trials and convictions.

Sacharow-Preis für Memorial-Mitarbeiter

Verleumdungsprozess: Russisches Gericht verurteilt Menschenrechtler - 08.10.2009, dw-world
Vertreter von Memorial hätten Kadyrow nicht für den Mord an der Journalistin Estemirowa verantwortlich machen dürfen. Das sei Verleumdung, befand ein Moskauer Gericht nach einer Klage des tschetschenischen Präsidenten. Ein Moskauer Gericht hat entschieden, der tschetschenische Präsident Ramsan Kadyrow sei von russischen Menschenrechtlern verleumdet worden. Kadyrow soll nun eine Entschädigung in Höhe von 70.000 Rubel, das entspricht ca. 1.600 Euro, erhalten, von denen die Menschenrechtsorganisation Memorial 50.000 Rubel und der Menschenrechtler Oleg Orlow persönlich 20.000 zu zahlen haben. Orlow erklärte, er werde Berufung gegen das Urteil einlegen. Falls dies zu keinem Erfolg führe, wolle er vor den Europäischen Gerichtshof für Menschenrechte in Straßburg ziehen. ...

Russland: Aufklärung im Fall Politkowskaja gefordert - 08.10.2009, dw-world
Vor drei Jahren wurde Anna Politkowskaja ermordet. Kollegen der Journalistin erinnern an den unaufgeklärten Mord in einer Pressekonferenz. Vertreter der Organisation "Reporter ohne Grenzen" war die Teilnahme verwehrt. Die russischen Behörden haben zwei Vertretern von "Reporter ohne Grenzen" - ROG -, darunter Generalsekretär Jean-Francois Julliard, keine Einreisegenehmigung erteilt. Die Botschaft der Russischen Föderation in Paris teilte mit, Russland habe den Vertretern der Organisation nicht aus politischen Motiven heraus die Einreise verweigert, sondern die Visa hätten aufgrund fehlerhaft ausgefüllter Anträge nicht ausgestellt werden können. Die beiden Vertreter von ROG wollten in Moskau an der Pressekonferenz anlässlich des dritten Todestages von Anna Politkowskaja teilnehmen. Politkowskajas Kollegen recherchieren weiter: Der Mord an der russischen Journalistin ist nach wie vor nicht aufgeklärt. Politkowskajas Kollegen setzen ihre eigenen Nachforschungen fort. So teilte der Chefredakteur der Nowaja Gaseta, für die auch Politkowskaja gearbeitet hatte, vor Journalisten mit, Rustam Machmudow, den die Ermittler als unmittelbaren Vollstrecker der Tat ansehen, sei im Ausland untergetaucht - vermutlich in einem EU-Mitgliedsland. ...

Tschetscheniens Präsident verklagt "Memorial"- Menschenrechtler Orlow
- 25.09.2009, dradio
Der Mordfall Estemirova : Der Leiter der Moskauer Menschenrechtsorganisation "Memorial" gibt dem tschetschenischen Präsidenten Ramzan Kadyrow Schuld am Mord der Menschenrechtlerin Natalija Estemirova. Nun steht der Leiter wegen Verleumdung vor Gericht. Oleg Orlow, Leiter der Moskauer Menschenrechtsorganisation "Memorial", gibt sich gelassen. Jene Worte, die er im Zusammenhang mit dem Mord an Natascha Estemirova gesagt und dabei auf die Schuld von Ramzan Kadyrow hingewiesen habe, die stammten tatsächlich von ihm: "Ich habe das Recht", so Orlow "meine Meinung zu äußern." ...

Russland: "Aktion 31"– Demos für das Versammlungsrecht - 03.09.2009, dw-world
Es soll ein fester Termin werden: Am 31. eines Monats will die russische Opposition auf die Straße gehen. Zweimal – im Juli und August - haben die Moskauer Behörden das Ansinnen fintenreich unterbunden.
Ausgerechnet am 31. Tag eines Monats für das Versammlungsrecht auf die Straße zu gehen, hat Symbolcharakter. Der Artikel 31 der russischen Verfassung beinhaltet das Recht auf Versammlungsfreiheit.

Kritiker werfen Kadyrow Schreckensherrschaft vor - Ermordung des Journalisten Malik Akhmedilow in Dagestan - Focus, 11.08.2009
... In der südlichen Nachbarregion Dagestan wurde unterdessen ein Journalist erschossen in einem Auto aufgefunden. Der Reporter Malik Akhmedilow sei offenbar aus nächster Nähe mit einer Pistole erschossen worden, erklärte ein Sprecher des Innenministeriums. Der Journalist schrieb für die awarischsprachige Zeitung „Khakikat“ der Volksgruppe der Awaren, zu der in Dagestan schätzungsweise 750.000 Menschen gehören.
Menschenrechtler machen die Truppen des tschetschenischen Präsidenten Ramsan Kadyrow für Morde, Entführungen und Folter von Aktivisten verantwortlich. „Die Zahl der Entführungen in Tschetschenien ist dieses Jahr dramatisch gestiegen“, sagte Varja Pachomenko von der Menschenrechtsorganisation Demos. „Die Lage ist wirklich katastrophal geworden.“ ...

Wieder Menschenrechtlerin im Kaukasus ermordet - 12.08.2009, Hamburger Abendblatt
Die Bürgerrechtlerin Sarema Sadulajewa und ihr Mann wurden erschossen. Erst vor wenigern Wochen war die tschetschenische Menschenrechtlerin Natalja Estemirowa ermordet worden. ...
Newlywed charity workers are latest victims of Chechen terror - 12.08.2009, The Independent
Zarema Sadulayeva and Umar Dzhabrailov were kidnapped from their offices in Grozny on Monday afternoon . Yesterday – in the early hours of what would have been Mr Dzhabrailov's 33rd birthday – their bullet-riddled bodies were discovered in the boot of his car just outside the Chechen capital. ...
Head of Chechen children's charity found shot dead with husband -
12.08.2009, Times Online

Mindestens 47 Putin-Gegner in Moskau festgenommen - 31.07.2009, Yeit
Auf dem Weg zu Protestveranstaltung von der Polizei aufgegriffen: In Moskau hat die Polizei mindestens 47 Regierungsgegner wegen einer nicht genehmigten Kundgebung festgenommen. Darunter ist auch der prominente Politiker Eduard Limonow. Den Festgenommenen droht eine Anzeige wegen Verstosses gegen das Versammlungsgesetz. ... Der Moskauer Menschenrechtler Lew Ponomarjow bezeichnete das Vorgehen der Sicherheitskräfte, die mit einem Grossaufgebot im Einsatz waren, als «völlig unangemessen». Einer der Festgehaltenen sagte dem Radiosender Moskauer Echo, die Polizisten hätten auf die Oppositionellen eingeprügelt. ...

Russland: Aktivist ermordet - Leiche des russischen Menschenrechtsaktivisten Andrej Kulagin gefunden - 03.07.2009, Wiener Zeitung

Der mysteriöse Mord an Natalja Estemirowa - 16.07.2009, Welt Online
Die brutale Ermordung der Menschenrechtlerin Natalja Estemirowa hat Russland erschüttert. Die mysteriösen Umstände des Falles erinnern an den Mord an der Journalistin Anna Politkowskaja. Im tschetschenischen Innenministerium mutmaßt man über eine Verstrickung des russischen Geheimdienstes. ....

Erneut Ermordung einer russischen Menschenrechtlerin: Natalja Estemirowa
Zeit - Basler Zeitung - -
Council of Europe Secretary General Terry Davis on the murder of Natalia Estemirova - Strasbourg, 15.07.2009 - “Everyone in Europe will be deeply shocked by the murder of another human rights activist in Russia. How many more Natalia Estemirovas and Anna Politkovskayas must be killed before the Russian authorities protect people who stand up for the human rights of Russian citizens?”

Sie war eine Freundin von Anna Politkowskaja, kämpfte für Menschenrechte in Tschetschenien – und musste womöglich dafür ihr Leben lassen: Unbekannte haben die Aktivistin Natalja Estemirowa erschossen. ...

"Brandstiftung als Waffe Moskaus" - Aufzählung Russland erneut für Mord an Tschetschenen verurteilt - 03.07.2009, Wiener Zeitung
Rechtzeitig vor dem ersten US-Russland-Gipfel am Montag in Moskau haben Amnesty International und Human Rights Watch (HRW) auf die äußerst prekäre Menschenrechtslage im Nordkaukasus aufmerksam gemacht. ...

Amnesty International über Lage im Nordkaukasus besorgt
- DW, 02.07.2009
Amnesty International hat einen Bericht über Menschenrechtsverstöße im Nordkaukasus vorgelegt. Die Organisation wirft den russischen Behörden mangelnden Willen vor, für Recht und Ordnung in der Region zu sorgen.
In ihrem jüngsten Bericht trägt Amnesty International Belege über Menschenrechtsverletzungen in Tschetschenien, Inguschetien, Dagestan und Kabardino-Balkarien zusammen. Dabei geht es um Berichte über willkürliche Tötungen, Tod und Folter in Haft, willkürliche Inhaftierungen sowie Entführungen. Darüber hinaus führt Amnesty auch Fälle von Drohungen gegen Menschenrechtler und unabhängige Journalisten auf, aber auch die Schikanierung von Angehörigen mutmaßlicher Kämpfer sowie Zwangsräumungen von Vertriebenen. ... Gleichzeitig erreichen Amnesty International Berichte, wonach in Tschetschenien, Inguschetien und Kabardino-Balkarien Menschen gefoltert werden. Auf diese Weise sollten sie zu Aussagen und Geständnissen gezwungen werden, um sie danach für terroristische Straftaten verantwortlich zu machen. Dabei würden die Mitarbeiter der Ermittlungsbehörden, die für Verstöße gegen Menschenrechte verantwortlich seien, ungestraft davon kommen.
Amnesty International kommt zu dem Ergebnis, dass man die Situation in Tschetschenien und im Nordkaukasus nur regeln könne, wenn man diejenigen vor Gericht stellen würde, die seit über zehn Jahren für Menschenrechtsverletzungen in der Region verantwortlich seien.

Nordkaukasus: Ausweitung der Kampfzone - 27.06.2009, Thomas Dudek
Tschetschenien ist durch das brutale Regime von Kadyrow "befriedet", der Konflikt mit Separitisten und Islamisten hat sich in die Nachbarrepubliken verschoben ...

In Gefahr - Russlands Journalisten werden Freiwild - NDR-Zapp Video
Bericht:Stephan Stuchlik Russlan-Korrespondent,ARD
Die öffentlichen Morde an Anastasija Baburowa und Anna Politkowskaja sowie der Überfall auf Michail Betekow blieben bislang ungesühnt. Die Putin-kritische Nowaja Gazeta fordert inzwischen, Reporter zu bewaffnen.

Todesangst - Der mutige Job russischer Journalisten  -NDR-Zapp Video
Vor einem Jahr wurde Anna Politkowskaja erschossen

In Gefahr - Russlands Journalisten werden Freiwild -NDR-Zapp
Die öffentlichen Morde an Anastasija Baburowa und Anna Politkowskaja sowie der Überfall auf Michail Betekow blieben bislang ungesühnt. Die Putin-kritische Nowaja Gazeta fordert inzwischen, Reporter zu bewaffnen.

Der Mord an der Journalistin Anna Politkowskaja  -NDR-Zapp
Anna Politkowskaja war eine Journalistin mit Haltung

Fehlende Pressefreiheit in Russland -NDR-Zapp
Wo blieb die Wahrheit über Beslan

Russischer Sender feuert kritische Journalistin -NDR-Zapp
Zensur und Selbstbeschränkung, Ende der Freiheit

khodorkovskycenter - Informationen zum Prozess gegen Mikhail Khodorkovsky und der russischen Ernergiepolitik
"We declare that the most flagrant violations of fundamental constitutional rights and lawful interests have been allowed in relation to M.B. Khodorkovsky and P.L. Lebedev, which rule out the possibility of a fair examination and resolution of the case."
Lawyers for M.B. Khodorkovsky and P.L. Lebedev
Petition.pdf - Schrift der Anwälte an das Gericht

Links >>

Memorial Russland
Council of Europe/ Europarat
Genocide Watch