aktuelle Missionen in Georgien >

EUMM-Mission in Georgien 

EU verlängert Beobachtermission in Georgien - 27.07.2009, DW
BRÜSSEL: Die Europäische Union hat ihren Beobachtereinsatz in Georgien um ein Jahr verlängert. Die nach dem Krieg mit Russland um die abtrünnigen georgischen Provinzen Südossetien und Abchasien entsandten 360 Männer und Frauen sollen nun bis Mitte September 2010 ihre Aufgaben wahrnehmen. Das beschlossen die Außenminister der 27 EU-Staaten in Brüssel. Deutschland stellt mit 45 Beobachtern das größte Kontingent. Die Europäer überwachen das Waffenstillstandsabkommen.
...

 


beendete Missionen in Georgien >

UNOMIG-Mission in Georgien 

http://www.dw-world.de/dw/article/0,,4432504,00.html - 25.06.2009, DW
Durch ein Veto im Sicherheitsrat hat Russland die Verlängerung der UN-Mission in Georgien blockiert. Die DW sprach darüber mit Iris Kempe, Leiterin des Büros der Heinrich-Böll-Stiftung in Tiflis:
"... Russland ist Mitglied in beiden Organisationen (UN und OSZE). Im Falle der OSZE gibt es seitens Russlands immer Kritik an doppelten Standards, so auch im Fall der UN. Also: Russland ist international ein schwieriger Partner. Darauf geht das zurück. Dass die Bemühungen zersplittert sind, ist nicht der Hauptpunkt." 

Georgia-Russia: Still Insecure and Dangerous - 22.06.2009, crisisgroup.org
Tbilisi/Brussels, 22 June 2009: Russian diplomatic pressure is dismantling the critical international conflict resolution machinery in Georgia, leaving the region facing a potentially explosive situation in which even a small incident could spark new fighting. The latest policy briefing from the International Crisis Group, examines the situation ten months after the August 2008 war and finds deep cause for concern. Moscow’s 15 June Security Council veto of an extension of the sixteen-year-old UN observer mission’s mandate in Georgia and Abkhazia and its apparent intention to require the removal of the mission of the Organisation for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE) by 30 June are blows to regional security that will fuel tensions. 

SECURITY COUNCIL FAILS TO ADOPT RESOLUTION EXTENDING MANDATE OF GEORGIA-SC/9681 - UN-Sicherheitsrat - 15.06.2009 

UN-Beobachtermission in Georgien (UNOMIG) - Geschichte
Erklärung zur Beendigung der UNOMIG durch den UN-Generalsekretär:
STATEMENT ATTRIBUTABLE TO THE SPOKESPERSON FOR THE SECRETARY-GENERAL - New York, 15 June 2009
The Secretary-General has taken note of the lack of agreement within the Security Council on the future activities of a United Nations stabilization mission.
In accordance with this outcome, the Secretary-General will instruct his Special Representative to take all measures required to cease the operations of the United Nations Observer Mission in Georgia (UNOMIG), effective 16 June. He will consult with his Senior Advisors and his Special Representative on the immediate next steps.
The Secretary-General regrets that the Security Council has been unable to reach agreement on the basis of a package of practical and realistic proposals he submitted to the Security Council aimed at contributing to a stabilization of the situation on the ground.
The Secretary-General extends his appreciation to all the men and women who served the mission, and to the countries that provided them. In particular, he expresses his profound tribute to the memory of those who have lost their lives in the service of peace there.

Russland stimmt gegen die Resolution über UN-Friedenswächter in Georgien - Washington Post, 16.06.2009
... Die russische Handlung legt die Stufe für eine Kluft in den diplomatischen Beziehungen mit den USA und seinen europäischen Verbündeten fest, welche Georgiens Souveränität über Abchasien energisch unterstützt haben. Sie erhob Bedenken über ein neues Aufflackern von Gewalt in Georgien. ...

Russland sperrt die interrnationale Gemeinschaft aus - Telegraph-UK, 16.06.2009, von Svante Cornell
... Der Zug (das Veto im Sicherheitsrat) diente dazu, die letzte internationale Organisation mit einer Präsenz in Georgiens Konfliktzonen zu zerstören, in welche Moskau letzten August einmarschierte und sie besetzte. Dies wird Russland in die Lage versetzen fortzufahren, Provokationen gegen seinen kleinen Nachbarn in Straflosigkeit aufzuführen. Moskau fühlt klar, dass es das nicht beendete, was es letzten August begann; nur fortgesetzte westliche Entschlossenheit kann es davon abhalten zu versuchen, so zu verfahren. ...

Russland stoppt UN-Mission in Georgien - DW, 16.06.2009

Mit seinem Veto im Weltsicherheitsrat hat Russland die Verlängerung der UN-Mission in Georgien verhindert. Die Beobachter überwachen seit 16 Jahren in Georgien und dem abtrünnigen Abchasien einen Waffenstillstand. ... Zehn der 15 Ratsmitglieder stimmten für eine Verlängerung, vier weitere, darunter auch die Vetomacht China, enthielten sich. ...

Georgiens Abchasien ohne UN-Beobachter unsicherer
- Reuters, 12.06.2009, von Matt Robinson
Failure to extend the United Nation's monitoring presence in Georgia's breakaway Abkhazia region would undermine stability and leave ethnic Georgians there unprotected, the mission head said on Friday. ...

   

OSZE-Mission in Georgien 

OSZE Mission in Georgien beendet – Civil Georgia, 30.06.2009
Russland blockierte die Verlängerung des Mandats im Dezember 2008 und wies auch einen Vorschlag des neuen griechischen Vorsitzes im Mai zurück. Die Mission war vor siebzehn Jahren mit dem Mandat eingerichtet worden, die Befriedung des Südossetienkonflikts zu ermöglichen.
OSCE Mission in Georgia wrapped-up its operations in Georgia on June 30 – seventeen years after it was established with an initial mandate to facilitate settlement of the South Ossetian conflict.
OSCE had eight unarmed military monitors stationed in Tskhinvali who were in charge of monitoring of, and reporting on the ceasefire in the South Ossetian conflict zone. They were pulled out from Tskhinvali after the hostilities resumed in the region last August.
Shortly after the war, OSCE, including Russia, agreed on August 19 to send 20 monitors to observe the situation in the areas adjacent to South Ossetia with no right to enter inside the breakaway region.
The September 8 ceasefire accord, which is a supplementary document to the August 12 six-point ceasefire agreement, mediated by the French President, envisaged allowing OSCE monitors to continue operations inside South Ossetia as it was before the August war “without prejudice to possible corrections” to the mandate in future.
Finland, which at that time held the OSCE’s rotating chairmanship, tried to negotiate a deal on the new mandate, but Russia
blocked the extension of the mission’s mandate, which expired in December, 2008. Moscow it wanted the new mandate to reflect post-August war “new realities” in the region, in particular Russia’s recognition of the breakaway region’s independence – something which, according to the Georgian officials, would have amounted to crossing of Tbilisi’s “red lines.”
The mission continued to operate with 20 of its observers having the mandate to monitor situation in the areas adjacent to South Ossetian administrative border till June 30.
In May Russia also
rejected a proposal by the OSCE Greek chairmanship, which was based on the so called “status-neutral” formula.
A Brussels-based think tank, International Crisis Group (ICG)
said last week that violent incidents and the lack of an effective security regime in and around South Ossetia and Abkhazia create “a dangerous atmosphere in which extensive fighting could again erupt.”
Asked about the warning, head of the OSCE Mission in Georgia, Finnish diplomat Terhi Hakala told Reuters: “Unfortunately I think it is possible. I share the analysis of the ICG… The situation is unstable. The security situation is a bit better but it is not good definitely.”
UN has also started pulling of its unarmed military observers out from Georgia, which have been monitoring situation on the both side of the Abkhaz administrative border for up to sixteen years. Russia blocked the extension of UN mission’s mandate for the same reasons as in case of OSCE.
EU Monitoring Mission’s (EUMM) 246 unarmed observers now remain on the ground. They, however, are not able to access into the breakaway regions.

 

Russia Blocks Georgia OSCE Mission Extension - Civil Georgia, 22.12.2008

Closing down of the OSCE Mission in Georgia will start in January, as Russia has blocked extension of the 16-year-old mission’s mandate.

“I deeply regret the situation,” Finnish Foreign Minister, Alexander Stubb, an outgoing OSCE Chairman-in-Office, said on December 22. “Finland has put a lot of effort into finding a solution. The OSCE still has much work to do in the region. Despite the situation today, I hope that negotiations on future OSCE activities in Georgia can be continued next year.”

Moscow has been insisting that a new mandate for the mission was needed to reflect the new realities that have emerged aftermath of the August war. The Russian diplomats insisted on a separate mandate for OSCE presence in South Ossetia, which would be independent of the Tbilisi office.

Finland in its capacity of the OSCE chairmanship, proposed a package deal, which included parallel, mutually independent field offices to Georgia and South Ossetia.

“The field offices would have been directed by a Special Representative of the Chairman-in-Office, having headquarters in Vienna,” OSCE said in a press release. “As an alternative, Finland proposed that the current mandate be prolonged by three months to allow more time for the negotiations.”

Georgia’s ambassador to OSCE, Victor Dolidze, said that Russia has even rejected to support technical three-month extension of the mission’s mandate.

“Now Russia states that there is no need for continuation of the OSCE mission in Georgia at all after December 31,” Dolidze said.

OSCE press release said that Russia could not accept any linkage between the OSCE activities in South Ossetia and the rest of Georgia, because Moscow has recognized the independence of South Ossetia as well as Abkhazia.

Russia wanted not simply a separate field office of OSCE in Tskhinvali, but an independent OSCE mission in the breakaway region with initial duration of six months with possibility of further prolongation.

“Russia did everything to remove one more international [organization’s] mandate from Georgia,” Grigol Vashadze, the Georgian foreign minister, said. “This move is aimed at leaving as few international witnesses as possible to those illegal actions, which are taking place on the occupied territories and thousands of cases of human rights violations.”

Russian envoy to OSCE, Anvar Azimov, said that Moscow was not in fact against of the OSCE mission’s mandate in Georgia, but its extension, he said, in the form as it was proposed, would have contravened “the Russian legislation on recognition of South Ossetia’s independence.”

OSCE Mission in Georgia, which currently has up to 200 staff, was established with headquarters in Tbilisi back in 1992 with an initial mandate to promote negotiation process between the Georgian and South Ossetian sides. The mandate was later expanded and it now also covers human rights, freedom of media and economic and environmental dimensions.