UNM >>
UNM - United National Movement, 2001 gegründet von Micheil Saakaschwilifounded in October 2001 by Mikheil Saakashvili. - georgisch - Fotogalerie, foto galery - Videogalerie, video galery - Nachrichten,News - georgisch/englisch - Nachrichtenarchiv - georgisch

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Georgian Dream >>

Georgian Dream - Democratic Georgia Political party, gegründet 2012 von Bidzina Ivanishvili (Milliardär / französisch-russischer Oligarch)
Georgian Dream gehört keiner Partei auf europäischer Ebene an. - georgisch, georgian - englisch, english - russisch, russian

Georgian Dream coalition 2012
The Georgian Dream coalition, centered by Ivanishvili's Georgian Dream – Democratic Georgia party, comprises six political parties of diverse ideological orientations.
Constituent parties:
Georgian Dream – Democratic Georgia
Republican Party of Georgia
Our Georgia – Free Democrats
National Forum
Conservative Party of Georgia
Industry Will Save Georgia
Green Party of Georgia

European People’s Party (EPP) >>

The European People’s Party (EPP) is the political family of the centre-right, whose roots run deep in the history and civilisation of the European continent and which has pioneered the European project from its inception. Tracing back its roots to Europe’s Founding Fathers – Robert SCHUMAN, Alcide DE GASPERI, and Konrad ADENAUER - the EPP is committed to a strong Europe based on a federal model that relies on the principle of subsidiarity.

Founded in 1976, the EPP strives for a democratic, transparent and efficient Europe that is close to its citizens. The EPP wants a prosperous Europe through the promotion of a free market economy with a social consciousness. The EPP is the largest political organisation in Europe with over 70 member-parties from 40 countries, the most heads of state and government (both, EU and non-EU), 13 European Commissioners (including the President), and the largest Group in the European Parliament.

The EPP is governed under the 2003 “EU Regulation on political parties at European level and the rules regarding their funding.” In late 2007, this Regulation was revised in order to allow all European level political parties to campaign for the European Parliament elections. As a result of this mandate, the EPP conducted – in close cooperation with its national member-parties - its first Europe-wide campaign for the June 2009 elections and reinforced its leading position in the European Parliament.

EPP Congress 1978 © EPP

Political formations of the centre-right can be tracked back to the early 1920s. The first attempt at cooperation between like-minded Christian Democrats was made in 1926, when the International Secretariat of Democratic Parties of Christian Inspiration (Secrétariat International des Partis Démocratiques d’Inspiration Chrétienne, SIPDIC) was founded.

The lessons and experiences of cooperation between 1925 and 1939 were key when leaders of the re-established or newly founded Christian Democratic parties in Europe formed the New International Teams (Nouvelles Équipes Internationales, NEI) in 1946 after World War II.

From the middle of the 1950s onwards the NEI lost relevance. With the European Coal and Steel Community and the foundation of the European Economic Community (EEC), practical cooperation among Christian Democrats gradually shifted in favour of the framework presented by the Common Assembly and the European Parliament. The organisation revitalised itself by changing its name to the European Union of Christian Democrats (EUCD) and revising the key aims of the organisation. The EUCD forged a closer relationship with the Parliamentary group of European Christian Democrats and the national member parties, and steadily grew more ambitious in its vision for Europe. With the decision to organise direct elections for the European Parliament in 1979, the need for a truly European party became evident.

Founding fathers © EPP

The formal establishment of the European People’s Party (EPP) took place in 1976 in Luxembourg, with member parties from the following EEC countries: Belgium, Germany, France, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg and the Netherlands, with Belgian PM Leo Tindemans as its first president. The platform was the result of considerable consensus and expressed a common intention to promote integration in the context of the European Community, leading to a political union equipped with federal and democratic institutions.

Once the EPP had been founded, a degree of pressure to establish formal links between Christian Democratic and conservative forces was exerted by EUCD parties in countries that were not European Community members. Yet the EPP’s strong insistence on the federal model of European integration led to the formation of the European Democratic Union (EDU), a broader pan-European organisation. Thus three parallel political organisations of Christian Democrats and conservatives were now in place.

However, the EPP soon politically outweighed the EUCD. The issue of merging the two organisations re-surfaced when Spain and Portugal joined the European Community in 1986, but the revolutionary events which took place in Moscow and in other Eastern European capitals delayed the idea of a “big” EPP.

Tindemans, EPP Congress 1978 © EPP

In April 1991, party and government leaders of the EPP decided that, while the party would be open to the British and Nordic conservative parties, Christian Democracy would be preserved as the cornerstone of the EPP's identity. The EPP needed to integrate like-minded forces in order to achieve the majority needed to make ideas and concepts a reality.

With the prospect of Central and Eastern European countries joining the European Union (EU), the previous arguments supporting EUCD membership lost relevance – this led to the merger of the EUCD with the EPP in 1999. And since the EPP had accepted most European conservative parties from the EU and beyond, the EDU also lost relevance, leading to its merger with the EPP in 2002.

In the second part of the decade, the EPP’s enlargement efforts have focused on supporting centre-right, reformist national parties in their efforts to consolidate democracy and the rule of law. Parties have been accepted from Moldova, Georgia and Armenia.

The development of the EPP has reflected that of the EU itself; the inclusion of centre-right parties from accession countries in Central and Eastern Europe has been particularly successful. The new members have brought a new dimension to the EPP and consolidated it as the pre-eminent European force of the centre-right.


Read the EPP Statutes approved by the EPP Congress in Marseille, 2011

Read the EPP Internal Regulations approved by the EPP Political Assembly in Brussels, 2011

Weitere Parteien - Other Parties >>

Republican Party of Georgia
Our Georgia – Free Democrats
National Forum
Conservative Party of Georgia
Industry Will Save Georgia
Green Party of Georgia

Christian-Democratic Movement
Georgia’s European Democrats

Free Georgia
National-Democratic Party
United National Movement
For Fair Georgia
People’s Movement
Freedom – Path of Zviad Gamsakhuridia
Kartuli Dasi
New Rights
People’s Party
Merab Kostava Society
Future Georgia
Workers’ Council of Georgia
Labor Party
Union of Georgian Sportsmen

Wahlen - elections >>

Liste der Kandidaten für Direktmandate - List of Majoritarian MP Candidates - 07.09.2012, Civil Georgia
... Ruling party United National Movement and Georgian Dream opposition coalition are the only political groups, which have nominated their candidates in all of the 73 constituencies across the country. Free Georgia, led by Kakha Kukava, has its candidates in 64 constituencies; Christian-Democratic Movement – 61; Labor Party – 58; New Rights – 54. There are only four independent candidates. 77 seats in 150-member Parliament will be allocated under the proportional, party-list system among those parties and election blocs, which will clear 5% threshold, and remaining 73 seats will go to majoritarian MPs elected in single-mandate constituencies. ...
UNM's Party List of MP Candidates (Regierungspartei; Präsident Saakaschwili) - 01.09.12, Civil Georgia
Georgian Dream's Party List of MP Candidates (Oppositionsbündnis; Miiliardär Iwanischwili) - 31.08.12, Civil Georgia
Termine zur Wahl und Fristen - Election-Related Dates and Deadlines - 03.08.2012, Civil Georgia
Elections Guide - Civil Georgia, Tbilisi / 30 Sep.'12 / 04:00
Georgian voters will go to the polls on October 1 to elect 150-member Parliament for a four-year term.
One of the key issues that make these elections important is that Parliament, elected on October 1, will have to confirm one year later a new Prime Minister, whose powers will be significantly increased at the expense of presidency when new constitutional provisions go into effect after the presidential elections in October, 2013.
A political party or an election bloc, which will garner most of the votes in the October 1 elections, will have the right to nominate a prime ministerial candidate after the new constitution goes into force year later.
A prime ministerial candidate will require support of more than half of parliament members – that means at least 76 votes are needed for a candidate to become PM.
But before power shifts from President to PM in 2013, under the existing constitution, the newly elected Parliament will have to confirm PM. President Saakashvili will nominate a prime ministerial candidate who will require support of at least 76 MPs for confirmation.
The President has no right to dismiss Parliament within six months after itselection, as well as six months before the presidential elections planned for October 2013.
Passing of a constitutional amendment requires support of at least 100 MPs; threshold will increase to 113 when the new constitutional provisions go into effect after the October, 2013 presidential elections.
The Parliament elected on October 1 will be based in new chamber built in Georgia’s second largest city of Kutaisi.
The first session of the newly elected Parliament will be held within 20 days after the Central Election Commission (CEC) publishes final vote tally. CEC has to summarize final vote tally within 19 days after the elections and has to publish final vote tally within 5 days after it is summarized.
Election System
Georgia has a mixed system in which 73 lawmakers out of 150 are elected in 73 majoritarian, single-mandate constituencies and rest 77 seats are allocated proportionally under the party-list contest among political parties and election blocs, which clear 5% threshold.
It means that a voter has two votes – the first vote for electing a local representative of a respective single-mandate constituency to the Parliament and second vote is cast for a party list.
Majoritarian MPs
There are total of 73 single-mandate constituencies. A majoritarian MP candidate, who receives more votes than others, but not less than 30%, is declared an outright winner of the race.
A second round of the race will be held within two weeks if none of the candidate garners more than 30% of votes.
There is a wide disparity between the single-mandate constituencies with the smallest one having about 5,810 voters and the largest one as many as 162,732. International and local observers have long been recommending the Georgian authorities to secure equality of vote through establishing approximately equal sized single-mandate constituencies.
Proportional, Part-List
77 seats are up for grabs under the party-list, proportional race.
Number of seats allocated to each party/bloc, which clears 5% threshold, is calculated under the following formula: number of votes garnered by a party/bloc is multiplied by 77 and divided by an aggregate sum of votes garnered by all the parties and blocs.
If a party/bloc clears 5% threshold but it, under this formula, translates into having less than 6 MPs, this party/bloc will anyway be able to endorse 6 MP at the expense of taking seats from other parties having better results inelections. It means that clearing of 5% threshold will automatically give a party or a bloc opportunity to establish a faction within the Parliament, which requires having at least six lawmakers.
Although ruling United National Movement (UNM) party received in proportional, party-list race in 2008 elections 59.18% of votes, it took 79.3% of parliamentary seats at the expense of winning majoritarian races in 71 out of 75 single-mandate constituencies (number of constituencies decreased since then to 73).
14 parties and two election blocs run in the October 1 parliamentaryelections.
List of parties:
1. Free Georgia;
2. National-Democratic Party;
3. United National Movement;
4. For Fair Georgia;
5. People’s Movement;
6. Freedom – Path of Zviad Gamsakhuridia;
7. Kartuli Dasi
8. New Rights;
9. People’s Party;
10. Merab Kostava Society;
11. Future Georgia;
12. Workers’ Council of Georgia;
13. Labor Party;
14. Union of Georgian Sportsmen;
List of blocs:
Christian-Democratic Union, which unites Christian-Democratic Movement and Georgia’s European Democrats.
Georgian Dream – a coalition of six parties: Georgian Dream-Democratic Georgia; Republican Party; Our Georgia-Free Democrats; Conservative Party; National Forum and Industry Will Save Georgia;
Election Administration
There is a three-tiered structure of election administration – precinct, district and central election commissions.
Central Election Commission (CEC) consists of 13 members including its chairman, Zurab Kharatishvili, who has served on the post since January, 2010.
Seven members of CEC are appointed by political parties – the ruling UNM party; Christian-Democratic Movement (CDM); a small party European Democrats; little-known Christian-Democratic People’s Party (these three latter parties ran jointly in a bloc during the 2010 local elections under CDM’s umbrella and were able to gain seats in CEC); Labor Party; Industrialist Party and Conservative Party. Industrialist Party and Conservative Party are now part of Bidzina Ivanishvili-led opposition coalition Georgian Dream. Six remaining CEC members are formally non-partisan representatives, who have been nominated by the President and approved by the Parliament.
Similar to CEC, district and precinct commissions consist of 13 members each.
A total of 73 district election commissions are functioning throughout the country.
Number of precinct election commissions is 3,648, plus 45 polling stations are opened abroad and there are 71 ‘special polling stations’.
Election of the Adjara Supreme Council
Simultaneously with parliamentary elections, voters in the Autonomous Republic of Adjara will also elect 21-member local legislative body, Supreme Council, on October 1.
Like the national Parliament, Adjara's Supreme Council is also elected for a four-year term based on mixed system with six out of 21 members elected through majoritarian contest in the Autonomous Republic’s single-mandate constituencies and remaining 15 seats are distributed among the parties or blocs which will clear 5% threshold in proportional, party-list contest.
Seven parties and blocs compete for the seats in the Adjara’s Supreme Council: UNM; Georgian Dream, Christian Democratic Union; Labor Party; New Rights; Free Georgia and Movement for Fair Georgia.