Bidzina Ivanishvili - Ex-Prime Minister of Georgia - Billionaire

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Ivanishvili: 'I Quit Politics, But Remain Active Citizen' - Civil Georgia, Tbilisi / 24 Nov.'13 
Former PM Bidzina Ivanishvili, who addressed congress of Georgian Dream-Democratic Georgia (GDDG) party for the last time in his capacity of party’s honorary chairman on Sunday, said that he’s quitting the politics, but will remain “one of the most active citizens” to keep the government under scrutiny.
GDDG, the party which Ivanishvili founded after he entered into politics two years ago, elected new PM Irakli Garibashvili as its chairman at the congress on November 24 in Tbilisi. Energy Minister, Kakha Kaladze, became party’s secretary general.
Ivanishvili said that Garibashvili stood beside him from the very first day of his entry into politics and did not step back even when his relative was arrested to mount pressure on him.
“Therefore I am convinced that there is no one who can better lead the party,” he said.
On GDDG’s new secretary general, Kakha Kaladze, he said: “He is distinguished by his talent and sense of responsibility.”
“So I am leaving the party in reliable hands,” Ivanishvili said.
“Georgian Dream-Democratic Georgia should not turn into a party merged with the state institutions,” he said. “I would like our party to be the unity of people with shared values and ideology.”
In his speech Ivanishvili said that two years ago he united “the best part of Georgian political spectrum” and “brought democratic forces into power.”
“I have kept my promise – Georgia is free from violent regime, the state institutions are free from pressure, Georgia has the President, Giorgi Margvelashvili, who will defend interests of everyone and who will be the President of everyone; Georgia has the Parliamentary Chairman, Davit Usupashvili, who is one of the distinguished politicians of our time; Georgia has the Prime Minister, Irakli Garibashvili, who together with the government, I am sure, will get Georgia back on its feet,” he said.
“That was my task and I have accomplished it. That’s why I quit Prime Minister’s post and now I am quitting politics too… I am quitting the politics, but I remain an active citizen,” he said.
“I promise that for at least next twenty years I will put my energy, knowledge and experience in the service of getting my homeland on its feet. I will support any government, which will serve the people,” Ivanishvili said, adding that he will give his advice if asked for and will not hold back in criticism of anyone whenever needed.
“I will not get tired by reminding to those who are in power that the government should serve the people and not vice versa, that we need laws to secure more freedom and not for imposing more restrictions,” he said.
“I will spare no effort for us to become progressive society. The society is strong and it is reckoned with only when it is progressive. That’s my Georgian dream. We will be progressive society of the democracy country,” Ivanishvili said.
After the congress, Ivanishvili told journalists that he needs two or three months to elaborate in details what concrete he plans to do.
He also said in his address to the congress of GDDG: “We’ve made a miracle over the past one year; we have proven to everyone that we are a civilized nation, committed to the European values.”
“Over the past one year we have destroyed a myth that this country would have turned its back to Europe and the democracy would have been buried by departure of the [United] National [Movement party from power]. Everyone, both here and abroad, know that it was a lie and that democracy was illusionary during nine years, that talk of democratic achievements served only to delude the West,” he said.
“With the October 27 presidential election we have eventually put an end to authoritarian regime, which was built on lies and violence,” Ivanishvili added.
At the congress, GDDG downsized its political council, the main governing body of the party, from 21 to 13 members. It includes the party chairman and PM Garibashvili, as well as Kakha Kaladze; Finance Minister Nodar Khaduri; Secretary of National Security Council Irina Imerlishvili; MP Giorgi Volski; MP Manana Kobakhidze; MP Eka Beselia; MP Tamaz Avdaliania; GD parliamentary majority leader, MP Davit Saganelidze; MP Irakli Tripolski; MP Irakli Sesiashvili; MP Temur Tchkuaseli and party’s executive secretary Armaz Akhvlediani.

Ivanishvili: 'My Activities will Be Absolutely Transparent'Civil Georgia, Tbilisi / 21 Nov.'13 / 15:12
A day after the end of his prime ministerial tenure following the Parliament’s approval of Irakli Garibashvili as new PM, Bidzina Ivanishvili released on November 21 a written statement rejecting allegations about intending to rule the country from behind the scene as “nonsense” and saying: “From now on, I will be an active member of our society.”
“My activities will be absolutely transparent. And I will have a certain amount of influence, of course. At the same time, I do not look at this influence as something blameworthy. Quite the opposite, I will try to enhance this influence. How else can one be an active member of civil society?” reads the statement.
“Public influence on the government is of immense importance, being a primary sign of a healthy political system, that is, democracy, as this influence implies the accountability of the authorities to the people, society, and feedback between them.
    Full text: Ivanishvili's statement
The statement is an attempt to dispel allegations that he decided to quit in order to avoid political accountability, but at the same time to continue pulling the political strings from the sidelines.
“Since the day I entered politics, more than one absurd accusation has been made against me, from being a Kremlin agent to distributing refrigerators [to voters] for election purposes, not to mention the slanderous statement that I came into politics to save my fortune or to come into possession of large hydroelectric stations,” Ivanishvili says in the statement. “And now, after having already left politics, I would like to respond to this final nonsense suggesting that I intend to govern the country [from] behind the scenes and influence the government. And when referring to influence, unfortunately, only its negative context is usually implied.”
He says that after Mikheil Saakashvili came into power following the Rose Revolution, he was providing consultations to the new authorities and had met Saakashvili “on numerous occasions in the course of three years.” All these meeting, he says, were held upon Saakashvili’s initiative.
“In other words, even when I was not a public figure and indeed had ‘behind-the-scenes’ relation with highest governing circles, I never attempted to ‘govern from behind the scenes’,” reads the statement.
Ivanishvili says that he will try to influence the government in promoting democracy and Georgia’s Euro-Atlantic integration.
“Human rights, European values, Euro-Atlantic aspirations, the fact that America should be our strategic partner; the fact that we must reset relations with our neighbors, including Russia: these are the values I cherish.  And if someone is against it, yes, he or she should be concerned, as I will surely exercise influence in this direction,” Ivanishvili says.
“If I succeed in exercising influence over the government in terms of the country’s progress toward Europe, this should be welcomed by all.”
 “I will not hold back public support, recommendations, or criticism from the government which I have created together with our people and for which I have assumed responsibility,” reads the statement.

Ivanishvili's Open LetterTbilisi / 21 Nov.'13 / 15:14
November 21, 2013
Official translation provided by Ivanishvili's press office
In this letter, I would like to answer the only remaining question that a part of Georgian, as well as European and American, society has after my departure from politics, that is, whether or not I plan to govern the country behind the scenes.
Since the day I entered politics, more than one absurd accusation has been made against me, from being a Kremlin agent to distributing refrigerators for election purposes, not to mention the slanderous statement that I came into politics to save my fortune or to come into possession of large hydroelectric stations.
And now, after having already left politics, I would like to respond to this final nonsense suggesting that I intend to govern the country behind the scenes and influence the government.  And when referring to influence, unfortunately, only its negative context is usually implied.
My whole life and my biography prove that I have never committed a single disgraceful deed.
I happen to have spent the greatest part of my life and carried out my activities in Russia.  It was indeed the toughest period, as business was developing rapidly, vast properties were alienated in a very short period of time, and things were often handled quite recklessly.  It was difficult to conduct business transparently and lawfully in this environment.  Nonetheless, my business was exemplary and absolutely transparent.  My opponents, including foreigners, have tried hard to find flaws and blemishes in my business, yet to no avail.  I have never broken the law.  Moreover, I have never violated contractual obligations or failed to come through with my promises.
All questions related to my twenty-year-long activities in Russia were answered by me in an interview with Vedomosti, an influential publication.  It was the only interview I gave before coming into politics.  All those interested in this issue can find this interview and see for themselves what kind of reputation I had in Russia and among business circles (see links in the Georgian, Russian, and English languages at http://pirweli.com.ge/?menuid=16&id=47824; http://www.pirweli.com.ge/en/?menuid=16&id=3036; http://pirweli.com.ge/rus/?menuid=16&id=8441).
My main signature trait has always been transparency. It applies to both business and politics.  When a new government came into power in our country in 2003, I provided them with consultations at their own request. I met with Saakashvili on numerous occasions in the course of three years. These meetings were facilitated at his request, of course. Neither Saakashvili nor any member of his team will be able to recall a single instance when I would address them with a personal request or meet with them to lobby my personal interests. I always provided them with recommendations that were necessary for my country, my state, and not for me personally.
I financed a fund on my own accord, which paid the salaries to the government and the parliament in their entirety for over thirty months, so that the country would deliver itself of the mire of corruption and embark on the path to European development.
I also provided Merabishvili with recommendations, helped the police procure patrol vehicles, but never weapons. I supported our armed forces, building barracks and purchasing clothes for our soldiers. And my adamant position was the same in that case as well, ensuring against purchasing weapons with the assistance provided by me.
I have never participated in the appointment of one or another minister or prime minister.  I always abstained from interfering with this business. In other words, even when I was not a public figure and indeed had connections among senior government officials “behind the scenes”, I never attempted to “govern behind the scenes”.
Within the two years in politics, we established a team. Members of this team know me very well. I met a lot of people and made friends with many. Quite a few of them even criticize me. However, no one would accuse me of holding double standards in my personal life or at work. No one can recall a single instance of my engagement in some games behind the scenes. On the contrary, sometimes my teammates themselves criticize me “behind the scenes” for being overly straightforward and open to public view for a politician.
Any member of our team, any minister was free to the maximum extent possible.  I never enforced anything on them, being an advocate of debates and common sense only.  This is my working style. I never govern behind the scenes. I would never insult my country and my team – for whom I have a tremendous amount of respect – by doing so.
From now on, I will be an active member of our society. My activities will be absolutely transparent. And I will have a certain amount of influence, of course. At the same time, I do not look at this influence as something blameworthy. Quite the opposite, I will try to enhance this influence. How else can one be an active member of civil society?
Public influence on the government is of immense importance, being a primary sign of a healthy political system, that is, democracy, as this influence implies the accountability of the authorities to the people, society, and feedback between them.
Ultimately, society is a unity of active citizens, individuals. Naturally, the political influence of a citizen enjoying a high level of public trust will be proportionately high. And why would not this rule apply to such a citizen if he or she is a former politician like me? Why would something viewed as absolutely normal in democratic countries fail to work in Georgia and be considered a threat?
Human rights, European values, Euro-Atlantic aspirations, the fact that America should be our strategic partner; the fact that we must reset relations with our neighbors, including Russia: these are the values I cherish.  And if someone is against it, yes, he or she should be concerned, as I will surely exercise influence in this direction.
I have reiterated my respect for and commitment to these values on numerous occasions.  Moreover, I even signed our coalition’s declaration which is fully built upon these values.  I have always cherished these values.  And I have no intention to answer those who believe that at the age of fifty-seven I will change my take on these values.
I have never had any other interests besides my country’s progress and European development.  It is a well-known fact that I do not own – and I have no intention of owning – any businesses in Georgia.  Then how can I have any other motivation besides serving my country?
If I succeed in exercising influence over the government in terms of the country’s progress toward Europe, this should be welcomed by all.
I will not hold back public support, recommendations, or criticism from the government which I have created together with our people and for which I have assumed responsibility.
I would like to declare publicly that influence over a given country’s life and politics, as exercised by leaders after leaving politics, is a normal phenomenon and accepted tradition in democratic countries.  There are plenty of examples.  One may recall many politicians whose influence on politics has lasted for decades, and this does not scare anyone.
I believe that our Western partners do not need to be reminded that the influence of such think-tanks on politics, especially in the United States, is so strong that it takes the governments of a number of countries a great deal of diplomatic efforts to ensure goodwill and trust on the part of these brain trusts, which often equals enjoying the benevolence of the acting administration.  As a rule, former politicians lay the foundation for such think tanks.
And yet, the greatest absurdity ascribed to me is my alleged fear, my alleged desire to flee from responsibility, this being the reason behind my departure from politics.  There might be a fear of losing one’s office.  However, what does fear have to do with it all if I resigned anyway?
I was not afraid when I made a decision to enter politics amid the toughest conditions, when our country was facing a danger of years under an authoritarian regime; when total despair and despondency took hold of our society; when the opposition forces were razed to the ground.  It was exactly then that I put my life, my family, and my children’s safety on the line and made a decision to save my country.
I succeeded in consolidating the healthiest part of political forces, putting together our society, and forcing Saakashvili’s regime to yield power peacefully and without shedding blood.  And now, after having brought democratic forces into power, I resign at the peak of my powers. This is probably difficult for many to comprehend, as no one can name a precedent of a politician taking this step.
Maybe this is what confuses some. After all, the main motivation, task, and goal of any political party or political leader is to come into power, govern the country, and manage issues of national importance in compliance with his or her views.
I would like to address everyone. Let us not remain captive to nearly universal stereotypes.  We must come to believe that a person may be in possession of excessive wealth and yet his or her heart and soul may be someplace else, as there is a higher value he or she cherishes, and this value implies being a free citizen of one’s free homeland.  Fulfilling this dream was the reason behind my temporary entry into politics and my departure from [the politics] serves the same purpose. In reality, things are much simpler than they seem.

Carl Bildt comments on Georgia - 06.11.13rustavi2.com
Swedish Foreign Minister Carl Bild thinks there is a danger of political revenge in Georgia. Bildt talked about the political developments in Georgia in his interview with Radio Liberty.
When asked about the controversy regarding alleged political motivations in the cases of criminal persecutions of former officials, Bildt answered that he saw some tendencies of revenge policy.
Swedish senior diplomat was also asked if Mikheil Saakashvili could find himself in the same situation as Timoshenko is currently in Ukraine, in case investigation was launched against him -  Carl Bildt said in this specific case the things might be even worse.
`I told Mr. Ivanishvili very clearly that if he starts this case, Georgia`s foreign policy, we could say, would be engrossed in only this case for next few years, which would affect development of the country,` Carl Bildt said and added that in general, the process of transition in Georgia was positive.

FÜHRUNGSWECHSEL: GARIBASHVILI FOLGT IVANISHVILI IM PREMIERMINISTERAMT
03.11.2013, handelsblatt.com
.. Er ist erst 31 Jahre alt und nun der mächtigste Mann in Georgien: Irakli Garibaschwili ... Garibaschwili gilt als enger Vertrauter seines Vorgängers Iwanischwili.  ...
Georgiens abtretender Regierungschef Bidsina Iwanischwili hat seinen Innenmister und engen Vertrauten Irakli Garibaschwili offiziell als seinen Nachfolger vorgeschlagen. "Unser Team hat einstimmig Garibaschwilis Kandidatur unterstützt", sagte der Milliardär am Samstag in Tiflis.  ...  war bis zu seiner Ernennung als Innenminister vor einem Jahr politisch ein unbeschriebenes Blatt. Davor hatte der an der Pariser Sorbonne ausgebildete Experte für internationale Beziehungen Iwanischwilis karitative Stiftung geleitet, für dessen Bank gearbeitet sowie für das Plattenlabel von Iwanischwilis Sohn, einem Rap-Star. ....
Georgien mit neuer Führung - 20.11.2013, nzz.ch
Der vormalige Innenminister ist ... der erste Ministerpräsident seit dem Inkrafttreten einer Verfassungsreform, welche die Machtbefugnisse des Regierungschefs und des Parlaments zulasten des Staatspräsidenten erheblich erweitert.
Unerfahrener Jungpolitiker - Die Reform war von der im vergangenen Jahr abgewählten Regierung um Präsident Micheil Saakaschwili veranlasst worden, der am Sonntag nach zwei Amtsperioden seinen Posten an der Staatsspitze abgab. Beobachter werten sie als einen weiteren Schritt auf dem Weg zur Demokratisierung des Landes. Es entsteht ein gemischt präsidial-parlamentarisches Regierungssystem. ... Kritiker geben zu bedenken, dass er weder über die politische Erfahrung noch über die sachliche Kompetenz verfüge, ... Politische Gegner bezeichnen ihn als eine Marionette Iwanischwilis. ...
New PM Wins Confidence Vote 20.11.2013, Civil Georgia
31-year-old Irakli Garibashvili was confirmed by the Parliament on November 20 as Georgia’s new Prime Minister with 93 votes to 19.
The vote marked the end of Bidzina Ivanishvili’s tenure as PM; he has voluntarily departed from office after serving for one year and twenty five days.
Ivanishvili’s long-time close associate Garibashvili became holder of the most powerful political office in the country as the new constitution shifted power from president to PM and the government.
The only newcomer in the government is Alexandre Tchikaidze, 28, who will replace Garibashvili on the post of interior minister.
Other ministers retained their posts:
Minister of Finance – Nodar Khaduri;
Minister of Economy and Sustainable Development – Giorgi Kvirikashvili;
Minister for Labor, Healthcare and Social Affairs – Davit Sergeenko
Minister for Infrastructure and Regional Development – Davit Narmania;
Energy Minister – Kakha Kaladze;
Minister of Justice – Tea Tsulukiani;
Minister of Foreign Affairs – Maia Panjikidze;
Education Minister – Tamar Sanikidze (she replaced previous education minister Giorgi Margvelashvili, who is now the president, in July 2013);
Minister in charge of IDPs issues – Davit Darakhvelidze;
Minister of Environmental Protection – Khatuna Gogoladze;
Minister of Defense – Irakli Alasania;
Minister of Agriculture – Shalva Pipia (he replaced previous minister Davit Kirvalidze in spring, 2013);
Minister in charge of penitentiary system – Sozar Subari;
Minister of Culture and Monument Protection – Guram Odisharia;
Minister of Sports and Youth Affairs – Levan Kipiani;
State Minister for European and Euro-Atlantic Integration – Alexi Petriashvili;
State Minister for Reintegration – Paata Zakareishvili;
State Minister on the Diaspora Issues – Kote Surguladze;
Garibashvili started his speech at the parliamentary session before the vote by thanking Ivanishvili for “playing an important role in Georgia’s political life and for peaceful change of government through elections” and for “carrying out fundamental changes in the country." ...

FÜHRUNGSWECHSEL: GARIBASHVILI FOLGT IVANISHVILI IM PREMIERMINISTERAMT
03.11.2013, handelsblatt.com
.. Er ist erst 31 Jahre alt und nun der mächtigste Mann in Georgien: Irakli Garibaschwili ... Garibaschwili gilt als enger Vertrauter seines Vorgängers Iwanischwili.  ...
Georgiens abtretender Regierungschef Bidsina Iwanischwili hat seinen Innenmister und engen Vertrauten Irakli Garibaschwili offiziell als seinen Nachfolger vorgeschlagen. "Unser Team hat einstimmig Garibaschwilis Kandidatur unterstützt", sagte der Milliardär am Samstag in Tiflis.  ...  war bis zu seiner Ernennung als Innenminister vor einem Jahr politisch ein unbeschriebenes Blatt. Davor hatte der an der Pariser Sorbonne ausgebildete Experte für internationale Beziehungen Iwanischwilis karitative Stiftung geleitet, für dessen Bank gearbeitet sowie für das Plattenlabel von Iwanischwilis Sohn, einem Rap-Star. ....
Georgien mit neuer Führung - 20.11.2013, nzz.ch
Der vormalige Innenminister ist ... der erste Ministerpräsident seit dem Inkrafttreten einer Verfassungsreform, welche die Machtbefugnisse des Regierungschefs und des Parlaments zulasten des Staatspräsidenten erheblich erweitert.
Unerfahrener Jungpolitiker - Die Reform war von der im vergangenen Jahr abgewählten Regierung um Präsident Micheil Saakaschwili veranlasst worden, der am Sonntag nach zwei Amtsperioden seinen Posten an der Staatsspitze abgab. Beobachter werten sie als einen weiteren Schritt auf dem Weg zur Demokratisierung des Landes. Es entsteht ein gemischt präsidial-parlamentarisches Regierungssystem. ... Kritiker geben zu bedenken, dass er weder über die politische Erfahrung noch über die sachliche Kompetenz verfüge, ... Politische Gegner bezeichnen ihn als eine Marionette Iwanischwilis. ...
New PM Wins Confidence Vote 20.11.2013, Civil Georgia
31-year-old Irakli Garibashvili was confirmed by the Parliament on November 20 as Georgia’s new Prime Minister with 93 votes to 19.
The vote marked the end of Bidzina Ivanishvili’s tenure as PM; he has voluntarily departed from office after serving for one year and twenty five days.
Ivanishvili’s long-time close associate Garibashvili became holder of the most powerful political office in the country as the new constitution shifted power from president to PM and the government.
The only newcomer in the government is Alexandre Tchikaidze, 28, who will replace Garibashvili on the post of interior minister.
Other ministers retained their posts:
Minister of Finance – Nodar Khaduri;
Minister of Economy and Sustainable Development – Giorgi Kvirikashvili;
Minister for Labor, Healthcare and Social Affairs – Davit Sergeenko
Minister for Infrastructure and Regional Development – Davit Narmania;
Energy Minister – Kakha Kaladze;
Minister of Justice – Tea Tsulukiani;
Minister of Foreign Affairs – Maia Panjikidze;
Education Minister – Tamar Sanikidze (she replaced previous education minister Giorgi Margvelashvili, who is now the president, in July 2013);
Minister in charge of IDPs issues – Davit Darakhvelidze;
Minister of Environmental Protection – Khatuna Gogoladze;
Minister of Defense – Irakli Alasania;
Minister of Agriculture – Shalva Pipia (he replaced previous minister Davit Kirvalidze in spring, 2013);
Minister in charge of penitentiary system – Sozar Subari;
Minister of Culture and Monument Protection – Guram Odisharia;
Minister of Sports and Youth Affairs – Levan Kipiani;
State Minister for European and Euro-Atlantic Integration – Alexi Petriashvili;
State Minister for Reintegration – Paata Zakareishvili;
State Minister on the Diaspora Issues – Kote Surguladze;
Garibashvili started his speech at the parliamentary session before the vote by thanking Ivanishvili for “playing an important role in Georgia’s political life and for peaceful change of government through elections” and for “carrying out fundamental changes in the country." ...


Pressefreiheit in Georgien vor Gericht - 15.06.2013, dradio.de
Der Fall des Journalisten Irakli Absandze, von Thomas Franke
Kritische Medien gibt es in Georgien nur wenige. Für Journalisten ist das unabhängige Arbeiten seit dem Amtsantritt von Premierminister Ivanishvili schwer geworden. Nun steht der Journalist Irakli Absandze wegen angeblichen Drogenbesitzes vor Gericht. Viele vermuten, das Verfahren sei politisch motiviert. ... Noch einmal Absandzes Anwalt Gagi Mosiashvili: "Die meisten Staatsanwälte und Richter sind politisch manipulierbar. Wir bezweifeln ja gar nicht deren Ermittlungsmethoden, aber es gibt überhaupt keinen Beweis, dass Absandze vorhatte, diese Drogen zu kaufen. Ich schätze den Staatsanwalt, er ist professionell. Aber er kann keine unabhängigen Entscheidungen treffen. Ich möchte gern glauben, dass es keine politische Entscheidung war, Absandze vor Gericht zu stellen. Aber es ist nichts ausgeschlossen." ...

Journalismus unter Druck - Macht und Medien in Georgien 
- 15.06.2013, dradio.de
Von Thomas Franke
Journalisten in Georgien müssen sich gegen Vorwürfe aller Art verteidigen - vor allem der Staat schüchtert kritische Autoren ein. Jetzt ist der DPA-Mitarbeiter Irakli Absandze an der Reihe. Seine Chancen auf ein faires Gerichtsverfahren sind gering - die Freispruchquote im Land liegt bei einem Prozent. ...
Derweil recherchieren Absandze und seine Kollegen von Liberali den nächsten Skandal. Der Generalstaatsanwalt versucht offensichtlich, Einfluss auf die Lebensmittelkontrolle auszuüben, um Bestechungsgelder zu bekommen. Chefredakteurin Shorena Shaverdashvili hofft zwar, dass die Freiheit der Medien in Georgien unter der neuen Regierung besser wird, aber: "Es wird für unabhängige Medien nie einfacher. Wir sollten uns da keiner Illusion hingeben. Es ändern sich nur die Personen. Alles andere bleibt. Du bist mit den gleichen politischen Interessen konfrontiert, den gleichen Einflüssen, der Zensur, die unser Leben schwer macht." ...
Unabhängiger Journalismus in Georgien unerwünscht - 16.02.2013, dradio.de
Journalisten kehren georgischem Premierminister den Rücken, Von Thomas Franke
Der Milliardär Bidzina Ivanishvili gründete den Fernsehsender "TV 9", bei dem Journalisten ein unabhängiges Programm machen konnten. Doch kaum wurde er Premierminister, war es vorbei mit der Unabhängigkeit. 19 Journalisten verließen nun deshalb demonstrativ den Sender. ...


The Fifth Column or Party Number Five - 13.05.2013, tabula.ge/en
By Alexander (Kaha) Lomaia
A "fifth column" normally denotes a group of people who, acting overtly or covertly, attempt to undermine a nation's solidarity from within. ... 
A trend observed over the past several weeks is the attempt of openly pro-Russian forces to fill the political space left vacant by the persecution of the United National Movement (UNM). First, a previously unknown organization, the Eurasian Institute in Georgia, brought together the nomenclature intelligentsia and made them swear the oath of eternal love to Russia. The most remarkable phrase of that meeting was: "Let's give Putin a chance to repent his mistake." Following that, the former security minister of Shevardnadze's regime, Igor Giorgadze, told a Russian TV audience that "within two or three years Georgia will become so pro-Russian that they will not recognize it." Then came a spate of statements about the establishment of pro-Russian political forces. These were made by yet another former security minister, Valeri Khaburzania, who was seconded from Moscow on a special mission to Tbilisi; by someone named Aslan Husein Abashidze who made such a statement without leaving Moscow; and by Levan Vasadze, a self-declared godfather of Orthodox fundamentalism who returned from Russia not long ago.
What might this trend bring about?
We may be witnessing an attempt to "reformat" the political field with the final aim being to make the pro-Russian orientation of Bidzina Ivanishvili's government more clear-cut or to openly bring pro-Russian forces to power. According to this scenario (let's call it the "Russian scenario"), pro-Russian political groups are set up as satellites to the Georgian Dream coalition. Their objective is to ally with the Georgian Dream, rather than oppose it, and to play on the electoral field of the coalition to gain a foothold in it. An inseparable part of this tactic is demonizing the UNM and, accordingly, the West. In parallel with this process, the pressure on Mr. Ivanishvili from pro-Russian positions has been increasing, and pro-Western elements inside the Georgian Dream have become increasingly oppressed. ... Under the conditions of a fragmented parliament and a weak government it will become impossible, in principle, to implement structural reforms. Economic decline will accelerate. The government will find it difficult to cover costs of increased social liabilities. The decrease in foreign direct investment inflows and a halt in infrastructure projects will trigger higher unemployment. Social problems will be further exacerbated. The country will start sliding down towards the rampant corruption characteristic of Shevardnadze's epoch. Contours of social unrest will loom. At this point, in the wake of the failures of Ivanishvili's government, pro-Russian parties together with the anti-Western elements of the Georgian Dream will fan popular discontent further and when, in their view, this discontent reaches its peak, they will offer the electorate – without beating around the bush or offering any courtesies to the West – a return to "the family of brotherly nations." According to the rhetoric of pro-Russian forces, "tired of reforms and counter-reforms, westernization or semi-westernization and the endless bickering of politicians, Georgia will itself plea to Russia for help and for membership of each and every Eurasian association" – with or without Mr. Ivanishvili. ... Moscow continues to play cat and mouse: we will allow wine, but not mineral water; we will host the Georgian Patriarch today, and tomorrow representatives of "Abkhazia's Church;" we will first meet the Georgian prime minister's negotiator with Russia, Zurab Abashidze, but then play host to the "president of Abkhazia" in the Kremlin; we will conduct unannounced military drills first in the Black Sea and then directly in occupied Abkhazia; and if we so wish, will move the line of occupation deeper into the rest of Georgia. The message is clear – Moscow wants "Georgia not bit by bit but altogether."
Mr. Ivanishvili must be well aware of what happens when Putin establishes a political order. For example, he must be aware of what happens to Russian oligarchs who show an interest towards politics: they are given the freedom of choice – the choice between the fate of Khodorkovsky and that of Berezovsky.
Party number five is better than a fifth column for both Mr. Ivanishvili and Georgia.


OFFSHORE-VERÖFFENTLICHUNGEN UND GEORGIEN
Edited* by Colin Renfrew, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, United Kingdom, and approved April 15, 2013 (received for review October 31, 2012)
Abstract - The search for ever deeper relationships among the World’s languages is bedeviled by the fact that most words evolve too rapidly to preserve evidence of their ancestry beyond 5,000 to 9,000 y. On the other hand, quantitative modeling indicates that some “ultraconserved” words exist that might be used to find evidence for deep linguistic relationships beyond that time barrier. Here we use a statistical model, which takes into account the frequency with which words are used in common everyday speech, to predict the existence of a set of such highly conserved words among seven language families of Eurasia postulated to form a linguistic superfamily that evolved from a common ancestor around 15,000 y ago. We derive a dated phylogenetic tree of this proposed superfamily with a time-depth of ∼14,450 y, implying that some frequently used words have been retained in related forms since the end of the last ice age. Words used more than once per 1,000 in everyday speech were 7- to 10-times more likely to show deep ancestry on this tree. Our results suggest a remarkable fidelity in the transmission of some words and give theoretical justification to the search for features of language that might be preserved across wide spans of time and geography.
This article contains supporting information online at www.pnas.org/lookup/suppl/doi:10.1073/pnas.1218726110/-/DCSupplemental.   
                    
...  EN GÉORGIE, LE RICHISSIME PREMIER MINISTRE
Bidzina Ivanishvili, premier ministre de la Géorgie et plus grande fortune du pays selon le magazine Forbes avec un patrimoine estimé à plus de 5 milliards de dollars (3,9 milliards d'euros), était en 2006 directeur de Bosherston Overseas Corp, société domiciliée dans les îles Vierges et toujours en activité. "Sur la période de 2011-2012, le premier ministre Ivanishvili n'a eu aucun intérêt dans la société mentionnée par votre enquête et, de ce fait, n'est soumis à aucune obligation d'en faire mention dans sa déclaration [au fisc]. Le premier ministre prend au sérieux ses obligations et tout est fait selon la loi", a fait savoir son porte-parole. ...
Offshore-Leaks: Die prominentesten Fälle - 04.04.2013, tagesanzeiger.ch
Der georgische Premier Bidzina Ivanishvili besitzt laut dem «Guardian» eine via Panama installierte Offshore-Firma namens Bosherston Overseas Corp. 
The prime minister of Georgia heads a list of fresh names that emerged on Thursday as owners of secret offshore companies in the British Virgin Islands. ...
Georgia - Name: Bidzina Ivanishvili
Offshore company: Bosherston Overseas Corp
Details: Ivanishvili, a billionaire businessman, became prime minister of Georgia in 2012. Listed from 2006-9 as director of the BVI company, administered via an agent in Panama, incorporated in 2006 and still active.
Comment: Spokesman says he has done everything according to law: "For the reporting period of 2011-12, Prime Minister Ivanishvili had no interest in the company … and therefore there was no obligation to report it in his [financial] declaration" ...

Protesterierende versammeln sich vor der Nationalbibliothek vor Präsidentenansprache
- 08.02.2013, civil.ge
... Präsidentsprecherin Manana Manjgaladze sagte, dass trotz der  “geplanten Provokationen, welche die Ansprache des Präsidenten durchkreuzen sollen, die Ansprache nicht abgesagt werden würde. Sie beschuldigte Premierminister Bidzina Ivanishvili, hinter den Protesten bei der Nationalbibliothek zu stehen. ...

US-Präsident Obama's Brief der Gratulation an Premierminister Ivanishvili - 29.10.2012, Civil Georgia
... “The election was a historic milestone for your country and demonstrated to the world that Georgia has become a vibrant democracy,” the letter reads. “Your government now inherits the task of moving forward to solidify and advance Georgia's democratic and economic reforms. This will require the government, parliament, and presidency to move past the contentious election and transition period and work together constructively to pursue policies that are in the best interest of all Georgian citizens. I understand from Ambassador Norland that this is your preferred approach, and in this you have our continued support.” ...

Ivanishvili und Saakashvili bei einem Empfang im Georg. Patriarchat - 14.01.2013, Civil Georgia

Premierminister Ivanishvili spricht über die Beziehungen mit der NATO und Russland - 18.01.2013, Civil Georgia
... “We have stated about our priorities for multiple times – that’s Europe and Euro-Atlantic alliance; we will unwaveringly follow this path,” he said.
“But in parallel to it a question arises: is it possible to combine restoration of friendly relations with Russia and at the same time to have good relations with NATO and to aspire towards NATO and to have good relations with the United States and NATO-member states? I think that here Armenia is a good example; Armenia gives a good example for Georgia and it can be a source of envy in positive sense,” he said. ...


US-Beamter Thomas Melia fasst Besuch in Georgien zusammen - 13.12.2012, Civil Georgia
There is a room for more common ground to be developed between the two major political forces in Georgia during possibly “complicated” period of cohabitation, U.S. Deputy Assistant Secretary of State for Democracy, Human Rights and Labor, Thomas Melia, told journalists in Tbilisi on December 13.
“I think that there is a room for political leaders on all sides to calm the waters and maybe to look for a way to choose more sober rhetoric from time to time that might be a basis for consensus building,” Melia said.
The U.S. delegation, which also included Catherine Newcombe, a regional director for Eurasia at the Department of Justice’s Office of Overseas Prosecutorial Development, Assistance and Training, as well as USAID assistant administrator Paige Alexander, visited Georgia on December 12-13 as part of a regional trip. The U.S. officials met with Georgian senior officials, as well as media and civil society representatives.
“It may be complicated period of cohabitation that this country has gone into. I do see that there are patriotic Georgians, people of good will on both sides of the political spectrum here and I think there is a basis for them to work together to stabilize this transition so that the change that the voters of Georgia asked for in the recent parliamentary elections can be managed in a way that is consistent with stability and sustaining Georgia’s international commitments and domestic tranquility,” Melia said on December 13.
After meeting with the U.S. officials on December 12, PM Bidzina Ivanishvili said that he had received “lots of advices, including on difficult issues that we are now facing in Georgia and what we call cohabitation.”
“Complicated process that was initially, I think, now has already eased; there is more understanding from the international community, from the American administration and from the Europe as well,” PM Ivanishvili said. 
Melia said that he had “a very honest and open conversation about issues where we have some concerns and also we expressed our appreciation for some things that are moving in a positive direction.”
“We are building a strong relationship with the new Prime Minister and his cabinet and encouraging further work on this interesting new arrangement called cohabitation,” said Melia, who also met President Saakashvili on December 12.
“I think there is room for more common ground to be developed here between the two major political forces in Georgia on addressing some of the very real challenges,” he said. “Both the Prime Minister and the President are receptive to this idea and I think that both are looking for ways to consolidate democracy in Georgia and we continue to cooperate in that way.”
Asked during a press conference on December 13 to identify key negative and positive developments in Georgia, the U.S. State Department official said that there were signs of readiness from some leaders from both major political forces to find compromises and added that the challenge for Georgia would be to reconcile majority rule with minority rights.
“One of the most interesting conversations I had here was a joint conversation with Mr. Usupashvili and Mr. Bakradze,” Melia said referring to Parliamentary Chairman Davit Usupashvili and leader of the parliamentary minority Davit Bakradze.
“We met together and as leaders of the two parliamentary factions they demonstrated the ability and willingness to collaborate on finding responsible and honorable compromises on those policy questions where compromise can be found and also to find a civil way to disagree, when the political forces can’t agree. I think that’s a very positive sign for the way forward for Georgia’s democracy,” the U.S. State Department official said.
“The way the majority deals with the minority, whether in Parliament or in society is an important test of democratic character of any country. A majority wins an election, but it’s important that they respect the right of the minority to have another point of view… I think that [will] be the challenge… to reconcile majority rule with minority rights and that’s true in many different aspects of contemporary Georgian society,” he added.
Asked about planned meeting of Georgian PM’s special representative for relations with Russia Zurab Abashidze with Russia’s Deputy Foreign Minister Grigory Karasin in Switzerland scheduled for December 14, the U.S. State Department official responded: “We support Georgia talking to Russia about how to normalize and improve relationship.”
“We look forward to Georgia making its own decisions about how to best move forward with that dialogue and we encourage it,” Melia added.

INT. PRESSE ZU DEN JÜNGSTEN ENTWICKLUNGEN IN GEORGIEN  
Le nouveau pouvoir géorgien multiplie les dérapages - 24.11.2012, lefigaro.fr - Par Isabelle Lasserre 
Les opposants dénoncent une chasse aux sorcières depuis la victoire du milliardaire pro-russe Bidzina Ivanishvili aux législatives. Vingt et un responsables politiques auraient déjà été emprisonnés. D'autres devraient suivre. ...
Georgia - Trembling in Tbilisi - 01.12.2012, economist.com
The victors in Georgia’s election should shun the lawlessness they once opposed
Dec 1st 2012 | from the print edition 
 AMONG ex-Soviet states, where democracy is mostly a fragile flower, Georgia seemed to be a welcome exception. Its October election and the transfer of power that followed could have served as a model for others. The ruling United National Movement (UNM), lost a broadly fair parliamentary election, rather to the surprise of its leader, the president, Mikheil Saakashvili. He believed his party’s record of economic modernisation would bring victory. The opposition Georgian Dream coalition came to power, rather to the surprise of its leader, Bidzina Ivanishvili (pictured): the billionaire businessman had always claimed the election would be rigged against him.
Now things are going wrong. ... Georgian Dream is now using its authority aggressively. A score of UNM bigwigs have been arrested, including a former defence and interior minister, the chief of the general staff and the vice-mayor of Tbilisi. Charges against them include abuse of office, illegal detention and torture. Mr Ivanishvili’s government is also seeking to free people convicted in past years for spying for Russia and for terrorism (such as bombing the American embassy in Tbilisi).
America, NATO and the European Union have issued sharply worded warnings. ...
Yet, although some post-election score-settling is perhaps inevitable, Mr Ivanishvili’s camp is behaving as badly as he claims Mr Saakashvili did. Hounding UNM local officials and trying to evict the president from his gaudy new palace, saying that it is too costly, is vindictive. Georgian Dream’s rhetoric—comparing the UNM to the Nazi party in post-war Germany, for example—is sometimes wildly overheated. ... Ukraine shows where Georgia could end up if the government continues down this road. ...
The Post’s View - Georgia’s government takes a wrong turn - 28.11.20122, washingtonpost.com
By Editorial Board, Published: November 28 
... Unfortunately, it didn’t take long for the new regime, headed by billionaire Bidzina Ivanishvili, to provide a preliminary answer. Within weeks of taking office, the new government has brought criminal charges against more than 20 senior officials of the previous administration, including the former ministers of defense and interior and the armed forces chief of staff. ... The magnate-turned-prime minister said last week that his first official visit to the United States had been postponed, which is a good thing. As long as he is imprisoning opposition leaders and seeking to monopolize power, Georgia’s new leader should not be welcome in Washington.
Georgia prime minister takes on the Washington Post - 28.11.20122, foreignpolicy.com
Posted By Josh Rogin  Wednesday, November 28, 2012 - 2:20 PM   Share 
New Georgian Prime Minister Bidzina Ivanishvili accused the Washington Post editorial board of working with his nemesis, Georgian President Mikheil Saakashvili on an editorial that harshly criticized the new Georgian government's arrests of former senior officials. ... During a visit to Georgia last week, Assistant Secretary of State Phil Gordon urged Ivanishvili and his party to avoid pursuing prosecutions of former officials as political payback. "Nobody wants to see, or get the perception, that all this is about retribution against political enemies rather than the rule of law," Gordon said. ... In a press conference today in Tbilisi , Ivanishvili lashed out against the Post. "It is amazing and I will find out how [Saakashvili] managed that such an editorial appeared [in the Washington Post]. ..." he said. Ivanishvili said his foreign minister will complain directly to the Post during her Washington tour this week. ...
Georgian Dream Shows Its Dark Side - 29.11.20122, foreignpolicy.com
Georgia's president-elect is putting the country in strong danger of losing its hard won democracy. BY JAMES KIRCHICK 
When Georgian President Mikheil Saakasvhili conceded defeat in parliamentary elections last month, he set an admirable and important precedent. Never before in the Caucasus, and only rarely in the post-Soviet space as a whole, had a leader transferred power peacefully following a democratic election. Long derided as an authoritarian by his domestic opponents, the Kremlin, and cynical naysayers in the West, Saakashvili put his country before his political career when he made way for the Georgian Dream coalition of billionaire Bidzina Ivanishvili to assume control of parliament. But, as they say, no good deed ever goes unpunished, and it appears that Saakashvili's political adversaries are not holding up their end of the democratic bargain. ... Earlier this month, police detained a former Defense Minister from the Saakasvhili administration and the military's current chief of staff, only a day after the investigations into their alleged wrongdoing had been opened. Both men have been charged on spurious grounds of having "insulted verbally and physically" military personnel in 2011. In the weeks since, over 15 other individuals -- all of them either members of Saakashvili's United National Movement (UNM), including Tbilisi's Deputy Mayor, or civil servants who worked for the Interior Ministry -- have been detained. Over the weekend, the Ministry of Internal Affairs announced that it has uncovered a case of abuse of power by former Prime Minister Vano Merabishvili, whom the Chief Prosecutor promised would be questioned without specifying a date.  ... Ivanishvili has tacitly threatened the opposition that their continued criticism of the new government will result in further arrests and that only by shutting up will the political witch hunt cease. "Once I told [President] Saakashvili that it would be easier for him to come out, say he feels sorry and resign. This is the key to everything that is happening now," Ivanishvili said last week. "But they are still presenting themselves as angels. They are lying to us. This will not reduce the probability of the arrests." According to sources around Saakashvili, Ivanishvili has long been privately threatening what he is only now saying publicly. Raphael Glucksmann, a Saakashvili advisor, says that, during their first meeting after the election, Ivanishvili told Saakashvili that, "he should resign or his aides would face juridical consequences." ... Turnover and transformation is to be expected in any political transition, but jailing one's political opponents on spurious charges would risk everything Georgia has overcome in the two decades since it won independence from the Soviet Union. That such a scenario has followed so swiftly after the October 1 elections, however, comes as little surprise. Many of Ivanishvili's supporters are members of the old guard -- former police officers sacked during Saakashvili's restructuring of the corrupt force, ossified bureaucrats from the Eduard Shevardnadze era -- who supported Ivanishvili not because of any specific policy changes he offered, but as a form of revenge against the man responsible for their downsizing. Add to this Ivanishvili's authoritarian personality, his ties to Russia, the crudely nationalistic and xenophobic makeup of his coalition, and you have a recipe for retribution, and worse. 
Georgia has enough problems on its hands -- high poverty and unemployment being the two biggest -- that the last thing it needs is a political witch hunt. Fortunately, the pro-Western desires of most Georgians should be enough to prevent a full reversion back to Soviet or post-Soviet levels of repression, the sort of setback that would shutter Georgia's Western integration. 71 percent of Georgians, according to a 2011 survey by the Caucuses Research Resource Center, said that the country should be closest diplomatically to the United States. In a speech last week, Saakashvili told his people that, "You wanted, we all wanted to bring back Georgia to the European family of free and prosperous nations it should never have been separated from." The coming months will test whether Georgia's young democracy is strong enough that no amount of political shenanigans can undo it.  

"PASS-ANKLAGE" GEGEN MERABISHVILI SYMBOLISCHE AKTION EINES PERSÖNLICH GEKRÄNKTEN PREMIERMINISTERS IVANISHVILI ?
Ereignisse um die erhobene Anklage gegen Ex-Innenminister Merabishvili und Parteichef der UNM wegen "gefälschtem Pass" bei Rückreise aus Erivan am 30.11.12:
Georgia under Bidzina Ivanishvili: Justice or revenge? - 05.12.2012, bbc.co.uk, by Damien McGuinnes
A wave of arrests of high-profile opposition politicians is tearing Georgia's new parliament apart. Those on the receiving end say this is a witch hunt. ... Last week, during a visit to Tbilisi, EU Foreign Policy Chief Catherine Ashton said there must be "no retribution against political rivals". And Nato Secretary General Anders Fogh Rasmussen has said he is "extremely concerned" about the arrests of "political opponents". ... The challenge for Georgia now is how to satisfy calls for justice while at the same time avoiding political revenge. ...
Police Say Merabishvili Tries to Hinder Probe into 'Fake Passport' - 07.12.2012, Civil Georgia
Lawyer: Merabishvili Answered Thoroughly to Police Questions - 07.12.2012, Civil Georgia
Police Question Merabishvili over 'Fake Passport' - 07.12.2012, Civil Georgia
Probe into Merabishvili's Alleged Fake Passport Continues
- 02.12.2012, Civil Georgia
Merabishvili Arrives for Police Questioning
- 01.12.2012, Civil Georgia
Merabishvili Questioned Over 'Fake Passport' - 01.12.2012, Civil Georgia

US-Präsident Obama's Brief der Gratulation an Premierminister Ivanishvili - 29.10.2012, Civil Georgia
... “The election was a historic milestone for your country and demonstrated to the world that Georgia has become a vibrant democracy,” the letter reads. “Your government now inherits the task of moving forward to solidify and advance Georgia's democratic and economic reforms. This will require the government, parliament, and presidency to move past the contentious election and transition period and work together constructively to pursue policies that are in the best interest of all Georgian citizens. I understand from Ambassador Norland that this is your preferred approach, and in this you have our continued support.” ...

NEUE REGIERUNG IM PARLAMENT GEWÄHLT
Ivanishvili bestätigt als Premierminister - 25.10.2012, Civil Georgia
Das Parlament bestätigte am 25.10. Bidzina Ivanishvili als Georgien’s Premierminister mit 88 zu 54 Stimmen. Mit dem gleichen Votum bestätigte das Parliament Ivanishvili’s Kabinett und sein Programm. ... Programm (PDF-Georgisch, PDF-Georgian).
Ivanishvili trifft UNM-Abgeordnete bei Parlamentssitzung - 25.10.2012, Civil Georgia
Ivanishvili spricht zum Parlament nach der Abstimmung - 25.10.2012, Civil Georgia
Ivanishvili: 'Ich werde die Politik in eineinhalb Jahren verlassen' - 24.10.2012, Civil Georgia
Ivanishvili's kommendes Regierungsprogramm - 24.10.2012, Civil Georgia

INTERNATIONALE REAKTIONEN ZUR PARLAMENTSWAHL AM 01.10.2012 IN GEORGIEN
Georgia: Ivanishvili’s call for President Saakashvili’s resignation, a direct attack against democracy and the rule of law - 02.10.2012, eureporter.com, By EU Reporter correspondent
The President of the European People’s Party (EPP), Wilfried Martens, made the following statement on the results of yesterday’s parliamentary elections in Georgia: "The parliamentary elections which took place in Georgia have reinforced
significantly the country’s democratic credentials. Despite the foul campaign practices from the challengers, I take note of the result and I commend President Mikheil  Saakashvili for respecting it and for facilitating a peaceful transition of power. In the next five years, the democratic debate - with the United National Movement (UNM) as the opposition party - will take place in the parliament, not in the streets. For the past nine years, President Saakashvili and the governments of the UNM  - a member-party of the EPP - consolidated and cherished democracy and the rule of law in Georgia. It is not suprising that the OSCE has stated that ‘the Georgian people have freely expressed their will’ and that ‘there were no grave violations during the voting’. Thanks to President Saakshvili and the UNM, Georgia has become a truly democratic and European country." "Needless to say, the EPP will be monitoring very closely the new government, which will be formed by Bidzina Ivanishvili’s ‘Georgian Dream’ coalition, because it remains to be seen if they will preserve the country’s democratic achievements and if they will keep Georgia on the path of Euro-Atlantic integration. But to my astonishment, even as the votes are still being counted, Mr. Ivanishvili has called for President Saakashvili’s resignation. This call is totally unacceptable and is a direct attack against democracy and the rule of law. Therefore, I expect all those European politicians who were quick to congratulate Ivanishvili today, to publicly denounce his call for the President’s resignation and to demand for an immediate retraction. Moreover, I will be working closely with our EPP parliamentary groups in the European Parliament, the Council of Europe and the OSCE, in order to safeguard the country’s democratic achievements; I also call on all other relevant EU institutions to do the same and the European Commission in particular, which is negotiating an Association Agreement with Georgia."
Statement by U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Clinton – Oct.2:
“The United States congratulates the citizens of Georgia on their peaceful and active participation in yesterday’s parliamentary elections. This was an historic day for all Georgians and for Georgia’s democratic future. We support the OSCE/ODIHR election observation mission and its assessment that the Georgian people have freely expressed their will at the ballot box. And we urge the authorities to conduct the final count and appeals transparently and in accordance with the rule of law. Now that the people of Georgia have spoken, the United States encourages all parties to work together constructively in the new parliament to advance Georgia’s democratic and economic development. We look forward to working with the new parliament, as well as the cabinet and president of Georgia to build upon our strong relationship and create a brighter future for the Georgian people.
Joint statement of EU foreign policy chief Catherine Ashton and Commissioner for Neighborhood Policy Štefan Füle – Oct.2:
“The EU congratulates the Georgian Dream coalition on its election victory. The Georgian people have now spoken. Both responsible government and constructive opposition are essential parts of a functioning democratic society. We call on all representatives elected to the new parliament to work together in the interests of Georgia. The generally positive conduct of parliamentary elections on 1 October and the high level of voter participation, underscore Georgia’s commitment to its democratic path… We look forward to continued close cooperation with Georgia on our ambitious mutual agenda of political association and economic integration.”


RÜCKTRITT DER REGIERUNG - WAHLERGEBNIS DER PARLAMENTSWAHL
Nachwahl zu drei Direktmandaten gewinnt Georgian Dream - Civil Georgia, 15.10.2012
Zusammensetzung des neuen Parlaments:
Bidzina Ivanishvili-angeführte Koalition Georgian Dream: 85 Sitze;
United National Movement (UNM) mit Präsident Saakashvili: 65 Sitze
 Results of repeat elections in eleven precincts of three single-mandate constituencies on Sunday show that the Georgian Dream coalition has won three more majoritarian MP seats in the new Parliament. It means that the Georgian Dream won total of 41 majoritarian seats out of 73; rest of the 32 single-mandate constituencies have been won by the UNM candidates. The Georgian Dream won 44 seats through party-list, proportional system and in overall Bidzina Ivanishvili-led coalition will have total of 85 seats in the Parliament – 15 short of two-third majority required for passing constitutional changes. UNM will have 65 seats in the new Parliament. Repeat majoritarian elections were held in nine precincts of the Khashuri single-mandate constituencies, where the Georgian Dream candidate’s victory was largely anticipated. Repeat poll was also held in one precinct of Signagi single-mandate constituency where UNM’s candidate Levan Bezhashvili, ex-head of the state audit agency, lost the race to Georgian Dream’s Gela Gelashvili. Repeat election was also held on Sunday in Gori’s one precinct where the Georgian Dream candidate, Malkhaz Vakhtangashvili, won the race against UNM’s Giorgi Tatishvili, ex-governor of Shida Kartli region.

Nach Treffen geben Wahlgewinner Ivanishvili und Präsident Saakashvili Erklärungen ab - 09.10.12, Civil Georgia
Ivanishvili: “Our today’s meeting represented a continuation of that healthy policy, which my team and I have brought into Georgian political space.   The fact that my team and I managed and created a precedent in Georgia to change the authorities democratically will always be mentioned in a dignified manner in Georgia’s history. ..."
Saakashvili: “I want to tell you that today is the historic process. Peaceful handover of most of the executive government’s powers in the framework of democracy is ongoing for the first time in this region, in this part of post-Soviet space.   The Georgian people have made their choice. We have always been saying and we will say it in the future too that we respect the choice of the Georgian people. The Georgian people are supreme actors in the country, which define political processes. ..."

KANDIDATEN FÜR NEUES KABINETT
Ivanishvili gibt Kandidaten für Minister- und Parlamentspositionen bekannt - 08.10.12, Civil Georgia
Genau eine Woche nach den Parlamentswahlen in Georgien hat der Anführer der Oppositionskoalition und Gewinner der Wahlen Bidsina Iwanischwili sein neues Kabinett vorgestellt. Dem Kabinett werden mehrere Personen angehören, die bereits zuvor diplomatische oder Regierungsämter innehatten.
• Außenministerin: Maja Pandschikidse (Frühere Botschafterin in den Niederlanden)
• Verteidigungsminister: Irakli Alasanja (Früherer UN-Botschafter)
• Innenminister : Irakli Garibaschwili
• Minister für Infrastruktur und regionale Entwicklung sowie stellvertretender Ministerpräsident: Kacha Kaladze (Ehemaliger Fußballprofi von AC Mailand)
• Sprecher des Parlaments: David Usupaschwili
• Justizministerin: Tea Tsulukiani
• Minister für Arbeits, -Gesundheits- und Soziale Angelegenheiten: Amiran Gamkrelidse (bereits 2001-2004)
• Minister für Landwirtschaft: David Kirvalidze (bereits 2001-2003)
• Minister für Gefängnisangelegenheiten: Sozar Subari
• Minister für Kultur und Denkmalschutz: Guram Odisharia
• Minister für Sport und Jugend: Levan Kipiani
• Staatsminister für Europäische und Euro-Atlantische Integration: Alexi Petriaschwili
• Kote Surguladse: Staatsministerin für Diaspora- Angelegenheiten
Der zukünftige Regierungschef sagte vor der Presse: „Dies wird wahrlich eine Regierung des Volkes sein“.
Das vorgestellte Kabinett muss nun von Präsident Micheil Saakaschwili dem Parlament zur Bestätigung vorgelegt werden. Saakaschwili hatte zuvor angekündigt mit der Georgian Dream Koalition zu kooperieren.
Rückblick: 1991 Unabhängigkeit von Sowjetunion; 1991-92 Swiad Gamsachurdia; 1992-2003 Eduard Schewardnadse (1964-72 Innenminister); 22.11.2003 Rosenrevolution; 2003-2012 Regierung Saakaschwili
Ivanishvili gibt Kandidaten für Minister- und Parlamentspositionen bekannt - 08.10.12, Rustavi2

IVANISHVILI ÜBERWACHT IN GEHEIMEN AUDIO-AUFNAHMEN SEINE KOALITIONÄRE ?
More audio records of conversations emerge on internet - 28.09.12, Rustavi2
More audio records of the conversations between the leaders of the Georgian Dream Coalition has emerged on internet today - the first part of these dialogues were uploaded on youtube.com by the former body-guard of Bidzina Ivanishvili. ... In the new files released today, the leaders of the coalition speak slam their allies from the same coalition and discuss the information policy of the TV9, run by Ivanishvili. Gia Khukhashvili and Irakli Gharibashvili are dissatisfied with the coverage of political events by the TV9 channel.
Ivanishvili`s body guard makes scandalous statement - 27.09.12, Rustavi2
Body guard of the Georgian Dream coalition leader Bidzina Ivanishvili has published his video address and scandalous footage on internet. Beso Surmava says in his video address that the society should know the truth about the coalition. He says Ivanishvili had instructed him personally to chase and make audio records of the telephone conversations of the leaders of the coalition.
`I know that these videos will surprise many people, but I consider myself obliged to behave the way I believe is right. I am personal body guard of Bidzina Ivanishvili, I don`t know why, but our security service was instructed by Bidzina to listen secretely and record conversations of the members of the Georgian Dream at any possibility,` Surmava says.
The audio records, which Surmava released on video, includes conversations of Eka Beselia, who slams another member of the coalition Zakaria Kutsnashvili; Irakli Gharibashvili swears Tina Khidasheli. Conversations of Irakli Alasania, Gubaz Sanikidze and Gia Khukhashvili. ...


Überblick zu allen Parteispenden - 11.08.2012, Civil Georgia

Präsident Saakashvili greift Ivanishvili an wegen groben Fehlern in der Darstellung in seinem TV-Sender anläßlich des Jahrestages des Georgienkrieges - 09.08.2012, Civil Georgia
Saakashvili Attacks Ivanishvili over His TV’s War Anniversary News Report Blunder
- ‘Only an idiot can ask a question: who started this war’;
- ‘Putin’s remarks are admission of guilt’;
- Saakashvili to Ivanishvili: ‘Your patron Putin himself said today that he started the war’
President Saakashvili seized upon Bidzina Ivanishvili-funded television station’s August war-related gaffe and said that Russia’s President Vladimir Putin was “patron” of the Georgian Dream opposition coalition leader and “his slaves”.
When reporting about the August war anniversary on August 8 and giving a background information about those events, a newscaster of the Channel 9 TV station’s noon news bulletin read out a text from one of the Georgian news agencies, saying: “Military hostilities were launched on August 7, 2008 between Ossetian separatists, backed by the Russian troops, and the Georgian army. Russia, which legally brought into the region its army units and military hardware, formally engaged in the war on August 8.”
In its 3pm news bulletin the television station apologized for reporting that Russia deployed troops legally, blaming mistake on a news agency, whose text a newscaster was reading. The news agency, GHN, said it made a mistake by not putting the word legally in scare quotes.
“Channel 9’s newsroom apologizes for reading out a text prepared by a news agency without verifying and checking it. At the same time the Channel 9 wants to specify that it does not share such formulation of the text,” a newscaster of TV station’s news bulletin announced.
Channel 9 was not the only TV station which read out this text; Imedi TV’s journalist used the same text, saying that Russian troops were deployed “legally”, while delivering live report in Imedi TV’s 11am news bulletin on August 7. Imedi TV is co-owned by Saakashvili’s ally and former economy minister Giorgi Arveladze.
Speaking in the Black Sea port of Poti, which was one of the targets of Russia’s air strikes during the August war four years ago, President Saakashvili said later on August 8: “This morning one of the political party’s television channel announced that Russian forces… were completely legally operating on the Georgian territory.”
“We are a democratic state and they can think whatever they want; they can say whatever they want, no matter how horrible and disgusting it might be,” Saakashvili said. “But shouldn’t you have at least slight of decency not to say something like this on the day when we all should be paying respect to our fallen compatriots? These people have not even a slight sense of solidarity.”
“Not a single law bans to speak and think this way, but not a single law bans us to express what we think about these people,” he continued.
“One thing is to hate you government and it’s another issue to justify aggression against your own country and to justify an attempt of conquering and destroying your country.”
He then continued by speaking about the August 8 remarks of Russian President Vladimir Putin, calling them “admission of guilt.” Putin said that the General Staff of the Russian Armed Forces had drawn up a plan of repelling Tbilisi’s possible attack on South Ossetia more than a year before the August, 2008 war and in addition was also training South Ossetian militias as part of this plan.
“But here is the biggest paradox – today, the major initiator and culprit of [the August, 2008] war, Vladimir Putin, absolutely explicitly stated that for several years he had been planning and training armed groups within our sovereign, independent territory; that is a classical legal definition of an international aggression,” Saakashvili said.
“He [Putin] himself made this admission and when this man states: ‘Yes, I did it, I did it and I’m proud of that’, there are Georgian politicians and their [media] outlets, funded with Russian money, which are sowing uncertainty and confusion about this issue and asking one and the same idiotic question – no one but an idiot will ask this question – ‘who started this war?’.”
“I want to address these people, this man [Ivanishvili] and his slaves: your patron Putin himself said today that he started the war and he’s proud of that; maybe you will now revise your versions about this issue and fit [your versions] to what Putin himself has said,” Saakashvili said.
“This situation now looks like when an offender admits committing a crime… but [the offender]-financed lawyer still says: ‘No, no, that’s not what you think’,” Saakashvili said. “I want to address these people: should not be there a difference between Putin and you? He is Putin and you are Georgians. How can there be uncertainty and confusion about who bombed our homes and our towns?”
Also on August 8 the Georgian Foreign Ministry released a statement saying that Putin’s “open admission of the long-term, pre-meditated nature of the 2008 invasion offers critical insight into the conflict.”
“His statements confirm Georgia's long-standing position that Russia's armed incursion into Georgia in August 2008 constituted a premeditated act of aggression against a sovereign nation,” the Georgian Foreign Ministry said. "Based on today's statement, the Georgian government calls upon the international community to continue to pressure Russia to withdraw its occupying forces from Georgia and to respect the sovereignty and territorial integrity of its neighbors."

JAHRESTAG DES GEORGIENKRIEGES 08.08.2008
Präsident Saakashvili greift Ivanishvili an wegen groben Fehlern in der Darstellung in seinem TV-Sender anläßlich des Jahrestages des Georgienkrieges - 09.08.2012, Civil Georgia
Saakashvili Attacks Ivanishvili over His TV’s War Anniversary News Report Blunder
- ‘Only an idiot can ask a question: who started this war’;
-
‘Putin’s remarks are admission of guilt’;
- Saakashvili to Ivanishvili: ‘Your patron Putin himself said today that he started the war’
Tbilisi responds to Russian president`s acknowledgment - 09.08.12, Rustavi 2
Georgian Foreign Ministry has responded to the acknowledgement by Russian President Vladimir Putin, that as early as in 2006, Russia had developed a plan to invade Georgia.
Putin admits Moscow planned military actions in Georgia in advance - 08.08.12, Rustavi 2
At the fourth anniversary of the Russia-Georgia war, President Vladimir Putin has made a scandalous statement admitting that the General Staff of Russia had prepared the plan of military activities in 2006-2007 and he personally endorsed the plan.
Georgia`s national flags lowered for fallen soldiers - 07.08.12, Rustavi 2
National Flags have been lowered in Georgia in memory of the soldiers and civilians fallen in the Russia-Georgia war, which took place in August 2008. The flag has been lowered on the parliament building in Tbilisi as well

GEORGISCHER TRAUM - GEORGIAN DREAM - AUSSAGEN ZUM PROGRAMM
Georgian Dream - Bidzina Ivanishvili: Rede auf Kundgebung - 27.05.12, Civil Georgia
‘Elections - a matter of life and death for our country’;
‘Our goal is not to defeat anyone; our goal is Georgia’s victory’;
‘We’ll make no promises, which are impossible to deliver on’;
‘We are starting struggle for Georgia’s reunification in order to make unified, democratic Georgia a full-fledged member of EU, NATO’; ...
Ivanishvili erklärt, die Rückkehr georg. Produkte auf den russ. Markt sei kein Problem
- 13.06.12, Civil Georgia


WAHLKAMPF FÜR PARLAMENTSWAHLEN 2012 DURCH IVANISHVILI ERÖFFNET
Ivanishvili startet Kampagne mit großer Kundgebung - 27.05.2012, Civil Georgia
Ivanishvili-geführte Koalition demontstriert in Tbilisi - 27.05.2012, Civil Georgia

NACHRICHTEN ZU IVANISHVILIS STAATSBÜRGERSCHAFT ZUR ERINNERUNG
Ivanishvili ruft Saakashvili auf, die Gesetzesänderung in der Frage um seine Staatsangehörigkeit nicht zu unterzeichnen - 22.05.2012, Civil Georgia
Leader of Georgian Dream opposition coalition, Bidzina Ivanishvili, said he would not make use of “an absurd” constitutional amendment, allowing him to vote and be elected in elections without having a Georgian citizenship, and called on President Saakashvili not to sign the amendment into law. Parliament passed Ivanishvili-related constitutional amendment with its third and final reading on May 22. 
... President Saakashvili said on May 20, that with this constitutional amendment the Georgian authorities have "undermined plot to de-legitimize" the October parliamentary elections. "I think, what the enemies of the Georgian democracy want is Georgia to... look like the country that deprives its opposition election rights or some other things," Saakashvili said in Chicago on May 20.
Ivanishvili Not to Request President Dual-Citizenship - 10.05.2012, Civil Georgia
Verfassungänderung für Ivanishvili - 05.04.2012, Civil Georgia
"Georgischer Traum" verurteilt Entscheidung zu Ivanishvili’s Staatsbürgerschaft - 04.04.2012, Civil Georgia

NACHRICHTEN ZUM VERHÄLTNIS  IVANISHVILI / MERABISHVILI ZUR ERINNERUNG
Premierminister Merabishvili's Anmerkungen zur Person Ivanishvili - 11.07.2012, Civil Georgia
.... “I can say one thing about batoni [a Georgian polite form of addressing a man] Bidzina: I do not know him as a politician. I know him very well as a person, who has been carrying out charitable activities for years; moreover, I was meeting him very often and I was assisting him in his [charitable] activities; I was helping him in implementing his charitable work more effectively,” PM Merabishvili said in an interview with the Tbilisi-based Maestro TV. ...
Ivanishvili-angegliederte Firmen mit 11 Mio. GEL bestraft - 07.07.2012, Civil Georgia
Ivanishvili kommentiert Merabishvili's Ernennung - 01.07.2012, Civil Georgia
Naming Interior Minister Vano Merabishvili as new PM “will not save these authorities”, leader of opposition Georgian Dream coalition Bidzina Ivanishvili said on July 1 and also added that positive impression he initially had about Merabishvili was now fading away.
... Ivanishvili told journalists on July 1, that his advice to Merabishvili and others in the government would be “to return to common sense and to obey law and the will of the people.” “They should not further burn bridges because no much time is left for them; they should behave in a way that would allow them to live in their own country,” he added.
Ivanishvili-geführte Koalition droht Strafe von 2.85 Mio. GEL wegen illegaler Parteienfinanzierung - 25.06.2012, Civil Georgia
... weitere Nachrichten zum Streit um illegale Parteifinanzierung durch Ivanishvili


Resolution des europäischen Parlaments zu Georgien - 17.11.2011, Civil Georgia
- Ivanishvili-related amendment rejected;
- Calls on EU to recognize Abkhazia, S.Ossetia as ‘occupied territories’;
- ‘Enter more extensively into constructive dialogue with opposition’;
- ‘Georgia - one of the best-performing partners in Eastern Partnership’;
- ‘Further improvement needed in justice system, labor reforms’
European Parliament resolution of 17 November, 2011 containing the European Parliament's recommendations to the Council, the Commission and the EEAS on the negotiations of the EU-Georgia Association Agreement (2011/2133(INI))

MILLIARDÄR BIDZINA IVANISHVILI AUF DEM WEG IN DIE POLITIK IM JAHR 2011
Ivanishvili plant, am 25.11. seine öffentliche Bewegung Georgian Dream zu starten - 03.11.2011, Civil Georgia
... The planned movement is likely meant to be a grassroots movement to serve as a platform for Ivanishvili’s political activities.
During his first-ever press conference on November 1, Ivanishvili said that he would try to rely mainly on “new faces” while building his political party.
“There will be new faces, maximally as possible,” he said.
Ivanishvili also said that he would manage to regain his Georgian passport with the help from the Georgian people and international community.
“I want to assure you that the Georgian population together with the international community will manage to force Saakashvili to restore my Georgian citizenship. But if it fails to happen we have parallel plans, but the result will be the same in both ways – we will come into power through elections and change Saakashvili’s government through elections,” he said without going into details of “parallel plan”.
He also reiterated desire to cooperate closely with Irakli Alasania's Our Georgia-Free Democrats (OGFD) and Republican Party, led by Davit Usupashvili.
Ivanishvili, who in his one of the written statements last month slammed several political parties as “pseudo opposition”, also said on November 1, that he wanted to cooperate with parties other than Republican and OGFD; he did not name any specific political party. He, however, also made it clear that cooperation did not mean forming a joint political party or electoral bloc.
Pressekonferenz von Bidzina Ivanishvili - 01.11.2011, babajana.com - Video
Milliardär Bidzina Ivanishvili umreißt seine politischen Ziele - 07.10.2011, Civil Georgia
- Eyes either PM’s or Parliamentary Speaker’s post;
- Says will quit politics in two-three years after achieving goals;
- Says to sell businesses in Russia;
- Plans to revoke his Russian and French citizenship;
- “Starting sorting out relations” with Russia;
- “Deepening friendship and integration with U.S., EU”;
- Pledges USD 1 billion for agriculture.
Erkärung von Ivanishvili - inoffizielle Übersetzung - 07.10.2011, Civil Georgia
In Pictures: Ivanishvili's Press Conference
Ivanishvili's First-Ever Press Conference
Saakashvili: 'Serious Opposition Force Tries to Throw Us into Past'
Cartu Bank Says No Need in Central Bank's Financial Help
Ivanishvili: 'I Came into Politics Unprepared'
Georgian Billionaire on Politics - May, 2011
Billionaire Outlines Political Goals
Georgian Billionaire Plans Political Party
Ivanishvili Meets Foreign Diplomats

Ivanishvili on Foreign Policy, Territorial Integrity

Lawyer: Court Declines Interim Measure into Ivanishvili's Citizenship Case
Ivanishvili's Press Conference Planned for Nov.1
Cartu Bank Claims Politics Behind Cash Seizure
Lawyer: No Plans to Appeal President for Ivanishvili’s Citizenship For Now
Ivanishvili: 'Don't Even Want to Hear Word Revolution'
Public TV Ready to Provide Live Coverage of Ivanishvili’s Press Conference

Central Bank to Probe Ivanishvili's Cartu Bank
Cartu Bank: Seized Cash Totals USD 2m and EUR 1m
President's Office on Stripping Ivanishvili's Citizenship
Ruling Party Links Ivanishvili with Russia
Ivanishvili to Appeal Against Stripping of Citizenship
CDM Leader Condemns Govt's 'Aggressive' Actions Against Ivanishvili
Ivanishvili: Despite 'Aggression' and 'Occupation' Tbilisi will Have to Mend Ties with Moscow
Ivanishvili Meets National Forum Leaders
Ivanishvili's First-Ever TV Interview
Ivanishvili Wants Live Coverage of His Press Conference
Ivanishvili on Meetings with OGFD, Republican Party
Ivanishvili Denies Talks with Okruashvili
Kitsmarishvili Predicts Early Parliamentary Polls
Head of Civil Registry on Ivanishvili's Citizenship
Opposition Reacts on Ivanishvili's Statement
Ivanishvili: 'I will Definitely Come into Power'
Civil Registry: Ivanishvili not Citizen of Georgia
Billionaire-Turned-Politician in Process of Selecting Political Team
Billionaire-Turned-Politician Gearing Up For TV Interview
Billionaire, Gearing Up for Politics, Picks Up Spokesman
Written Statement of Bidzina Ivanishvili
Ivanishvili's Statement Offering to Buy a Television Station
Tycoon Ivanishvili Sells Business Shares in Georgia - 2005

Biografie - Biography >>

Bidzina Ivanishvili - government.gov.ge
Was born on February 18, 1956, in the Village of Chorvila, Sachkhere Region.
In 1973, he finished a secondary school of the Village of Sairkhe, Sachkhere Region, and continued his studies at Tbilisi State University, Engineering-Economic Faculty. In parallel of his studies, he worked at Kamo mechanical-casting factory in the positions of cleaner and worker.
In 1980, he graduated from Tbilisi State University with honours. In the same year, he was appointed in the position of Engineer in Chief, and later, Head of scientific laboratory, at Kamo mechanical-casting factory.
In 1982 - 1986, he took his postgraduate course at Moscow Institute of Social Problems, where he defended his master's thesis.
In 1988, he founded Agroprogres Cooperative with his friends, which was later turned into an entrepreneurial company.
In 1990, he founded Russian Credit Bank.
In 1991, he became the Chairman of the Board of Directors and the President of Russian Credit Bank.
He is a founder and the owner of Unicor Financial- Entrepreneurial Group.
In 1996, he founded Cartu Bank.
In 2011, He founded Georgian Dream Social Movement.
In 2012, he founded Georgian Dream-Democratic Georgia Political Party.
In 2012- 17 November 2013, The Prime Minister of Georgia.
He has a wife and four children.

... Country Of Citizenship: Russia
Residence: Paris, France, Europe & Russia
Industry: Mining/Lumber
Marital Status: married, 3 children
In the last two years has profitably disposed of assets he accumulated in the 1990s during privatization. Sold Stoilensky GOK (ore mining and processing plant) to billionaire Vladimir Lisin, and Mikhailovsky GOK and a stake in the metallurgical business Tulachermet to billionaires Alisher Usmanov and Vasily Anisimov. In January 2006 Raiffeisen Bank of Austria acquired his Moscow Impexbank; he has invested the proceeds in the booming Russian stock market. Now lives in the Georgian village of Chorvila, where he was born.

Bidzina Ivanishvili - Forbes - forbes.com/profile/bidzina-ivanishvili/
Bidzina Ivanishvili became the prime minister of Georgia in October 2012, after his Georgian Dream coalition won the election. Georgia's richest person by far, ...

Bidsina Iwanischwili – Wikipedia - de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bidsina_Iwanischwili‎
April 2013); Forbes: Bidzina Ivanishvili, March 2013 (aufgerufen am 8. April 2013); Foreign Policy: The Titan of Tbilisi, von Thomas de Waal, 30. November 2012 ...

Bidzina Ivanishvili - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bidzina_Ivanishvili‎Diese Seite übersetzen
Bidzina Ivanishvili (Georgian: ბიძინა ივანიშვილი, also known as Boris Ivanishvili; born 18 February 1956) is a Georgian businessman and politician who was ...

Bidzina Ivanishvili (B_Ivanishvili) on Twitter - https://twitter.com/B_Ivanishvili‎
The latest from Bidzina Ivanishvili (@B_Ivanishvili).

Bidzina Ivanishvili Net Worth - TheRichest - www.therichest.com
Bidzina Ivanishvili net worth: Georgian politician and businessman, Bidzina Ivanishvili has a net worth of $6.4 billion as of March 2012, according to...

WER IST DER NEUE PREMIERMINISTER IVANISHVILI ?
Seidenstraße - Von Venedig nach Xi'an mit Peter Gysling - 3sat.de
Folge 2: Von trinkfreudigen Bauern, felsenfesten Glaubensbrüdern, vergessenen Flüchtlingen und menschenfreundlichen Milliardären: ... Der 56jährige Bidsina Iwanischwili hat in Russland sehr erfolgreich mit Computern, Telefongeräten und einer Kreditbank geschäftet. Seit der Rückkehr nach Georgien versteht sich Iwanischwili als Menschenfreund, und hat - anfänglich noch heimlich - mit zig Millionen zahlreiche Staatsaufgaben finanziert und seinen Heimatbezirk Satschkere mit Geldsegen beglückt. Der öffentlichkeitsscheue milliardenschwere Mäzen führt Peter Gysling ganz selbstverständlich durch seinen Tifliser Glaspalast, der an James-Bond-Filme erinnert. Mit seinem Parteienbündnis hat Iwanischwili jüngst die Parlamentswahlen gewonnen. Sein Ziel: Hunderttausende von Arbeitsplätzen schaffen und Georgien von der Armut befreien. ...
Ivanishvili bei Forbes-Liste: Platz 164 - 6,4 Mrd. - 12.2012, forbes.com
... Began building his empire in 1990 when, with partner Vitaly Malkin, he set up Rossiysky Kredit Bank. Over the years, sold businesses he accumulated during Russia's privatization era including ore mining and metals interests; invested proceeds in Russian stock market. Also has interests in elite real estate project in Moscow and two 5-star hotels. Owns Russian drugstore chain Doctor Stoletov. Collects the Impressionists; his most expensive painting is Dora Maar with Cat by Pablo Picasso, which he bought at Sotheby's in 2006 for $95 million. Lives in the Georgian village of Chorvila, where he was born.
Georgiens Premier: „Ich bin ein großer Demokrat“ - 14.11.2012, tagesspiegel.de
Georgiens Premier: „Ich bin ein großer Demokrat“ - 14.11.2012, diepresse.com
... Als Sie vor einem Jahr in die Politik einstiegen, wurde Ihnen die georgische Staatsbürgerschaft aberkannt. Sie besaßen auch die französische Staatsbürgerschaft. Mit welchem Pass reisen Sie jetzt? ... Ich besitze nur die französische Staatsbürgerschaft, und dies genügt laut Gesetz, um Premierminister zu sein. Würde ich wieder georgischer Staatsbürger werden, wäre das gegen das Gesetz, und ich würde als Premier abgesetzt. So sieht die georgische Verfassung aus. Das ist lächerlich. Das wird geändert – wie vieles andere auch.
Der Kurzzeit-Premier - 26.10.2012, tagesspiegel.de
... Iwanischwili vermied am Donnerstag jedoch klare Aussagen auf die Fragen der Opposition, wie und wann er gedenke, seine Wahlversprechen einzuhalten. Dazu zählen die Bekämpfung der Arbeitslosigkeit, höhere Renten und die Einführung einer Krankenversicherung für alle. Iwanischwili sagte, er wolle sich erst über Einnahmen und Ausgaben des Staates informieren, bevor er sich konkret äußere. ... Iwanischwili selbst wirkt noch immer eher wie ein Geschäftsmann, der den Staat als eine Art Unternehmen betrachtet. Schon im Juli gab er zu, nicht gern Politiker zu sein. Auch die Aussage, er wolle den Posten des Premiers vorzeitig aufgeben, ist nicht neu. Er liebe das zurückgezogene Leben mit den vier Kindern und seiner Frau, hatte er im November 2011 gesagt. Jedoch schien Iwanischwili sichtlich daran Gefallen zu finden, vor großen Massen zu sprechen: Hatte er zum Wahlkampfauftakt im Mai noch recht hölzern gewirkt, gelang es ihm bei der Abschlusskundgebung kurz vor der Wahl, viele Menschen regelrecht mitzureißen. ...
Bidsina Iwanischwili - Milliardär will Georgien in EU und Nato führen Von Ulf Mauder, dpa - 25.10.2012, eu-info.de
Als reichster Mann Georgiens mit einem Milliardenvermögen hat sich Bidsina Iwanischwili lange Zeit mit diskreten Wohltaten in dem Südkaukasusstaat einen Namen gemacht. Doch nun ist der 56-Jährige neuer Regierungschef - rund ein Jahr, nachdem
er auf die politische Bühne trat. ... Iwanischwili, der am 18. Februar 1956 in dem Dorf Tschorwila als Sohn eines Bergarbeiters geboren wurde, hat aus einer Laune heraus
seine Bewegung Georgischer Traum genannt. Der Name geht zurück auf die Band seines Sohnes Bera, eines bekannten georgischen Rapmusikers. 
Reich wurde Iwanischwili nach dem Zerfall der Sowjetunion in Russland mit Metallhandel, einer eigenen Bank und Immobiliengeschäften. Er beteuert, dass er Georgiens prowestlichen Kurs beibehalten wolle. «Die Menschen hier wollen in die EU und in die Nato. Das ist auch mein Ziel», sagt er. Zugleich will er bessere Beziehungen zum Nachbarn Russland.
Der promovierte Ökonom, der auch in den USA und in Frankreich lebte, verspricht einen Kampf gegen die Armut und Arbeitslosigkeit, eine Stärkung des Mittelstandes und der Agrarwirtschaft in dem für seine Weinkultur und seinen Obstreichtum bekannten Land. Bekannt ist er auch in der Kunstwelt für seine ersteigerten Werke, die nach seinen Angaben heute allein einen Wert von mehr als einer Milliarde Dollar hätten. ...
Georgiens Kirchen und der politische Umschwung - 04.10.2012, Autor: Heinz Gstrein, jesus.ch
Die Kirchen des kulturell reichen, aber sonst völlig verarmten Landes haben dabei eine wichtige Rolle gespielt. Nicht nur die dominierende georgische Orthodoxie, sondern ebenso die an Mitgliedern kleinen, aber agilen evangelischen Gemeinden. ...  Entscheidend für den überwältigenden Wahlerfolg der brandneuen – erst im Frühjahr gegründeten – Partei «Georgischer Traum» dürfte die Hoffnung der Georgier geworden sein, dass Ivanischvili seine Milliarden nun seinem Volk zukommen lässt. ... Ein Mann des Westens? - Die westliche Welt begrüsst den Wahlausgang in Tbilissi und seine Akzeptierung durch den bisherigen Machthaber Saakaschwili als «grossen Sieg der Demokratie am Kaukasus». Doch hat Ivanischwili, der sich damals noch «Boris» nannte, sein enormes Vermögen in Moskau als echter russischer Oligarch erworben. So hat sich die georgische Mafia im nachkommunistischen Russland den gesamten Obst- und Gemüsehandel sowie wichtige Finanzinstitute, wie die Adler- und Orenburg-Bank, einverleibt. Ivanisschwili muss daher eher als Mann des Kremls als der Europäer und Amerikaner gelten. Daher ist zu früher Jubel über eine baldige Hinwendung von Tiflis zu EU und NATO nicht angezeigt.


Artikel über Ivanishvili - Articles about Ivanishvili >> 

The Messenger - Ivanishvili speaks with Forbes about life after politics
www.messenger.com.ge/issues/.../3019_ani.html‎Diese Seite übersetzen
25.12.2013 - “I will never return to Politics,” former Prime Minister of Georgia, Bidzina Ivanishvili, said in his interview with the Russian edition of Forbes ...

Georgia elects oligarch PM Bidzina Ivanishvili's candidate as ...
www.theguardian.com › ... › World newsGeorgiaDiese Seite übersetzen
28.10.2013 - Vote for Giorgi Margvelashvili cements Ivanishvili's vanquishing of outgoing Mikheil Saakashvili.

Georgia's future: No change for the better | The Economist
www.economist.com/.../21587829-georgia-appears-...‎Diese Seite übersetzen
12.10.2013 - Ivanishvili says goodbye MIKHEIL SAAKASHVILI, Georgia's outgoing president, can be accused of many things, but lack of vision is not one.

Bidzina Ivanishvili is trying to cure Georgia’s Messiah complex - chathamhouse.org
George Mchedlishvili, Robert Bosch Fellow at the Chatham House Russia and Eurasia Programme , October 2013
The World Today, Volume 69, Number 8/9
Download article here
Rich, powerful and about to stand down
George Mchedlishvili is a Robert Bosch Fellow at the Chatham House Russia and Eurasia Programme

News Analysis: Ivanishvili And The Russians
www.rferl.org/content/...ivanishvili.../24733895.ht...‎Diese Seite übersetzen
03.10.2013 - According to Georgian President Mikheil Saakashvili, the beginning of the end of his relations with Russian leader Vladimir Putin came at their ...

Georgia's Billionaire Prime Minister Spreads Riches, Plans Political ...
www.businessweek.com/.../georgias-billionaire-prim...‎Diese Seite übersetzen
29.08.2013 - Down an unmarked path, through two electronic gates, lies the lush, 94-acre coastal estate of Bidzina Ivanishvili, the billionaire prime minister ...

Interview with Georgian Billionaire Bidzina Ivanishvili - Spiegel Online
www.spiegel.de › English SiteWorldGeorgiaDiese Seite übersetzen
27.03.2012 - Georgian billionaire Bidzina Ivanishvili has taken on President Mikheil Saakashvili by establishing an opposition movement. Many of his ...


Reden von Premierminister Ivanishvili - Speeches of Prime minister Ivanischwili >> 

PM Ivanishvili Addresses PACECivil Georgia, Tbilisi / 23 Apr.'13 / 21:34
Georgia’s PM Bidzina Ivanishvili addresses Parliamentary Assembly of Council of Europe in Strasbourg on April 23. Photo: PM’s press office
Georgia’s PM Bidzina Ivanishvili addressed the Parliamentary Assembly of Council of Europe (PACE) in Strasbourg on April 23 and said that despite of “a rough beginning”, six months after his government took the office the country had now “turned the corner.”

It was Ivanishvili’s first public speech in international fora, which was then followed by question and answer session with lawmakers from Council of Europe member states. PM’s address to the PACE came three months after President Saakashvili also spoke from the same rostrum in January.

In his speech Ivanishvili said that under the rule of President Saakashvili’s UNM party “practically all fields were controlled by the ruling elite in Georgia” and the constitution was “abused, being practically tailored to one man’s ambitions.”

“Elite corruption made no room whatsoever for businesses to develop; human rights were ignored; pressure was exerted upon not only those holding different views, but their families and acquaintances as well.  The media was almost fully under control,” he said.

“We will continue that small part of the reforms from the previous government, instituted during its first years in power, which has been for the benefit of the country, but we are obliged to also replace those institutions, which have turned into authoritarian structures in recent years, with a modern, democratic institutions,” he said.
 
He said that his government launched “restoration of justice”, which, as he put it, would “heal the wounds, relieve anger and restore a sense of self-respect to our citizens.”
 
“That implies putting before justice representatives of previous government for committed crimes with full observance of due process; it also implies keeping the thousands of those loyal civil servants who have been in service since the previous government,” Ivanishvili said.

He said that his government was sparing no efforts to ensure that “our policies are fully transparent” and open to scrutiny from media and civil society, including international ones.

Ivanishvili said that upon his request “EU has seconded” to Georgia the Council of Europe’s former commissioner on human rights, Thomas Hammarberg, as “a special advisor for legal and constitutional reforms and human rights”. He also noted that OSCE was monitoring court proceedings of those cases in which former high level officials face criminal charges.

He said that six months after coming into power, the Georgian Dream coalition “has already achieved significant successes.” Citing recent polls, Ivanishvili said that his government was enjoying public support.

He said that his government was making “steady progress towards Euro-Atlantic integration and there have even been a few small steps forward in relations with Russia.”

“Perhaps most encouraging is the fact that after a rough beginning, we are starting to apply lessons from the European Union on how to build consensus with former adversaries,” he said.

“I am confident that Georgia has already turned the corner,” Ivanishvili added.

Relations with Russia

In his speech Ivanishvili said that although the Europe achieved a lot in building peace, “threat of warfare has not been overcome completely.”

“Small countries, in particular, continue to suffer from aggression. The clear example to that is my home country,” he said.

“Twenty percent of our territory was occupied by Russia in 2008,” he said. “Unfortunately, there are other conflicts that endanger the peace in our region. I have to say that the Caucasus is yet not a zone of peace.”

Ivanishvili reiterated “western foreign policy course and integration into EU and NATO represent our strategic choice that has no alternative.”

“This choice does not belong to any particular political group; this choice was made by the Georgian people long ago,” he said.

He said that mending ties with Russia was his “big dream”

Ivanishvili said that dialogue, which Georgia should have with Russia, “is a huge challenge.”

He said that his government’s approach towards Russia was “pragmatic” and the policies in this respect would be “correct, but principled”.

“We both have our own red lines, which neither of us intends to cross,” he said and reiterated non-use of force pledge made by President Saakashvili in 2010, adding that the similar pledge was also included in a bipartisan resolution on Georgia’s pro-western foreign policy course, adopted by the Parliament in March, 2013.

He then stressed that newly started dialogue between Tbilisi and Moscow, led from the Georgian side by PM’s special envoy Zurab Abashidze, “should not create an impression, that Georgia is dealing with this problem on its own and no longer is in need of European partners support.” He also stressed importance of Geneva talks, launched after the August 2008 war, and involvement of international mediators in these discussions.

“We are realistic about Georgia's capabilities,” Ivanishvili continued. “We acknowledge that Georgia is a small, regional power in a volatile neighborhood. No sustainable future can be built by demonstrating military power. But there can be no progress towards peace in the region if Georgia is expected to abandon its legitimate interests, especially territorial integrity and the right of its citizens to return to their own homes.”

Many of those questions asked by PACE members after Ivanishvili’s speech, were related to relations with Russia.

“It is my big dream to mend ties with Russia. We have no illusions that it will happen fast; going into deadlock was easy, but going out of it not and we realize it very well. But we will definitely mend our relations with our huge neighbor step-by-step, with correct, diplomatic and only with peaceful remarks and actions,” Ivanishvili said.

“You know that we already have some progress in respect of trade and cultural relations. As far as restoration of territorial integrity is concerned, I have no illusion that it will be a fast process, but through right steps we will definitely achieve the result,” he added.

When Polish MP Zbigniew Girzyński told Ivanishvili “you don’t like President Saakashvili, but I think you like the President of Russia Mr. Putin very much” and asked him “do you think Putin is responsible for ethnic cleansing of Georgia in 2008?.. Do you want to defend the independence of Georgia together with Mr. President Saakashvili?” Ivanishvili responded that politics should not be based on personal affections.

“Head of the government should first and foremost love own country and should try to call each thing by its right name,” Ivanishvili continued. “I am grateful to our Polish friends… whose [support] is highly appreciated by us.”

“Saakashvili has his own share of mistakes in this process [referring to August 2008 war]. First of all we should seek accountability from our own authorities for mistakes that were done and we will do it. If not Saakashvili’s huge mistakes, it would have been very difficult for Russia to carry out this aggression.” 

“As far as your rhetoric is concerned,” Ivanishvili continued addressing MP Girzyński, “you want me to engage in this kind of rhetoric which is in style of Saakashvili; I don’t want to do that, because this kind of rhetoric by Saakashvili resulted into what my country received. We are now trying to rectify huge mistakes diplomatically and we will do our best to be correct in our remarks and actions and I assure you that we will be able to mend ties with Russia.”

When asking how Georgian new government’s intention to mend ties with Russia reconciles with Tbilisi’s policy of restoring its territorial integrity, a Russian MP Tamerlan Aguzarov also told PM that “knowing that Abkhazians and South Ossetians do not want to be in Georgia, Saakashvili unleashed aggression in August 2008 against South Ossetia.”

“I want to remind to the audience that over the past 20 years there were many mistakes made by the Georgian authorities as well in respect of our brothers Abkhazians and Ossetians; mistakes were from both sides,” Ivanishvili responded. “Time is required to heal the wounds. Our goal is not to repeat the same mistakes and not to even think about using force.”

He said that key to resolving these conflicts was within Georgia. “Georgia’s economy should be revived, democracy developed; Georgia should become interesting for Ossetians and Abkhazians, for Europe and for Russia,” Ivanishvili said. “Only after this we can judge about who wants what. Now when there are lots of questions in respect to all the sides, making right conclusion will be very difficult.”

Head of the Russian delegation to PACE, Alexei Pushkov, asked PM what he thought about allowing Abkhaz and South Ossetian representatives, regardless of status of these two entities, to speak before PACE. In his question MP Pushkov also mentioned decision of PACE to allow two lawmakers from Kosovo to participate in PACE committee meetings.

“Abkhazia and South Ossetia are parts of Georgia, so Ossetians and Abkhazians will of course be able to participate in the work [of PACE] as members of our [Georgian] delegation,” PM Ivanishvili said and then added in response to mentioning of Kosovo in this context: “As you are aware, Kosovo was itself inviting international monitors and was completely open for cooperation, which regrettably is not the case [with respect of Abkhazia and South Ossetia] and we have no [international] monitoring in Abkhazia and South Ossetia; so in this regard these [regions] are unfortunately closed... So I can’t see such perspective.”

Asked by an Armenian MP about his position on restoration of railway via Abkhazia, which would help to link Armenia with Russia via Georgia, PM Ivanishvili responded: “Resolving hastily of this issue won’t be easy, because many questions exist and there are lots of interests involved; the issue is related to conflicts, our relations with Russia, as well as our relations with our brothers, Abkhazians.”

“It [restoration of rail link] will occur, but it requires time and it should happen with protection of rights of all the stakeholders,” he said. “It’s not an easy process; it will happen, but it will take time, because this issue is very much linked with the politics.”

Judiciary

In his speech Ivanishvili said that reform of the judiciary “is the cornerstone” for insuring genuine democratic processes and mentioned planned reform of High Council of Justice in this context, saying that the plan reflect recommendations from the Council of Europe’s advisory body for legal affairs, Venice Commission, as well as proposals from the judiciary itself.

“I believe Georgia really has a chance of establishing a truly independent judicial system, free from the executive branch or from any other type of political influence. It is the goal of the government not to miss this chance,” Ivanishvili said.

When a British MP Edward Leigh from the European Democrat Group (EDG) asked why his government “did not follow recommendation of the Venice Commission not to prematurely terminate” authority of members of High Council of Justice, Ivanishvili responded: “I think that you have one-sided information.” 

“The opposition [UNM party] still manages to disseminate false information in Europe,” he said. “The fact is absolute opposite to that [claim that government ignored Venice Commission’s recommendation]. We have taken Venice Commission’s recommendations into consideration by almost 100 percent, possibly by 99 percent… So you do not have information.”

He said that HCoJ reform plan was welcomed by local civil society as well and also endorsed by Chairman of Supreme Court. “The only person who disagrees with this reform is Saakashvili, who is now trying to veto [this bill],” Ivanishvili said.

Few hours after PM’s speech, President’s administration announced that Saakashvili vetoed bill on reforming of the High Council of Justice. The Georgian Dream parliamentary majority has enough votes in the Parliament to override the presidential veto.

Cohabitation

Many of the questions asked by PACE members to PM Ivanishvili were about cohabitation of his government with President Saakashvili and his UNM party.

“I assure you that cohabitation has no problem on the part of the government,” Ivanishvili said and put the blame for tense cohabitation on President Saakashvili.

He said that UNM was speaking “on language of lies”, which, Ivanishvili said, aimed at misleading western audience; he also said that UNM’s such tactic was backfiring and “fueling aggression” of Georgian society against the UNM.

He, however, also said that “there are many talented people in the opposition” with whom he was willing to cooperate.

Ivanishvili ruled out selective application of justice and strongly dismissed allegations about politically-motivated prosecution of former government representatives. He urged not to, as he put it, “mix” cohabitation with the process of “restoration of justice.”

He also said that Georgia was facing multiple problems and he wanted to overcome those challenges in cooperation with the UNM rather than wasting time on wrangling with the opposition.

A Swedish MP Marietta de Pourbaix-Lundin from the group of European People’s Party (EPP) told Ivanishvili that when EPP and some members of the European Parliament criticized him, the PM dismissed this criticism as “shameful”; she asked the PM what he would answer to her if she agrees with criticism voiced by EPP.

Ivanishvili responded, that some of the remarks of EPP representatives “were often based on one-sided information disseminated by representatives of the previous government”; he said that UNM was “very skillful” in disseminating “false information”.

“I have already met many representatives of EPP and I express my respect towards this largest group and its leadership. I think that in the future there will be no misunderstandings, which were a result of one-sided information, and we will actively cooperate with all the European parties, including with EPP,” Ivanishvili said.

When a German MP Viola von Cramon-Taubadel from the Socialist Group said that she had recently visited Georgia and had positive impressions about developments there, PM Ivanishvili said that what the current government did in six months “is possible to see” and invited those interested with Georgia to visit the country to observe developments “with your own eyes”.

Question on Magnitsky

Ivanishvili was also asked about his opinion on Magnitsky list, as well as on imprisonment of former Ukrainian prime minister Yulia Tymoshenko and “authoritarian regime” in Belarus.

Responding to this question PM said: “I am aware of these problems; I am aware of the Magnitsky problem and I also know about developments in Ukraine, but I know much better what was going on in my own country and what is the situation now.”

“Human rights were totally violated under [Georgia’s] previous government,” Ivanishvili continued. “As far as other countries are concerned – Russia or Ukraine, I would try to remain on topic around my own country as we still have no right to criticize other countries in this regard, because in our own country human rights were being totally violated. I assure you that under the new government justice will be restored in this regard and everything will be done to be like Europe.”

Minority Rights

Responding to several questions on ethnic minority rights in Georgia, Ivanishvili said that his government was committed to integration of minority groups. He said that the main problem in this regard was lack of Georgian-language skills among ethnic minorities. He also said that although there were problems, but he did not think there were, as he put it, “total problems” in respect of ethnic minorities in Georgia.

Responding to a question if his government had an action plan on implementing 2010 recommendations from the Council of Europe’s Committee of Ministers on combating discrimination based on sexual orientation or gender identity, Ivanishvili said that the Georgian authorities “are working on the law against discrimination, which will be passed in the near future.”

He said that his government would have “adequate reaction” to the cases of violation of rights of “sexual or any other minorities.”

A Turkish MP complained to the Georgian PM about slow pace of repatriation of Meskhetians back to Georgia – survivors or descendants of a Muslim population who were deported by Joseph Stalin from southern Georgia in 1944. Repatriation of Meskhetians was among Georgia’s commitments undertaken when joining Council of Europe in 1999.

PM responded: “We are going to maximally accelerate the process.”

“I assure you that within next two years everyone [referring to Meskhetians] who want it and where objective ground [for repatriation] exists, will be able to gain Georgian citizenship. We will definitely fulfill our commitment before the Council of Europe,” Ivanishvili said. 



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