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Schmutziges Weihnachtsbaumgeschäft - Tot unter der Tanne - 24.12.2010, Spiegel
Aus Georgien kommen mehr als die Hälfte der Samen für Christbäume in deutschen Wohnzimmern. ... Aus Tlugi und den anderen Dörfern nahe der Kleinstadt Ambrolauri kommen die Samen, aus denen vor allem deutsche und dänische Baumschulen die Nordmann-Tannen für das europäische Weihnachtsgeschäft züchten. Ambrolauri ist für Tannensamen das, was Bordeaux für Rotweine ist: ein Gütesiegel. ...

Zerfall und Aufbau-Aufbau der Museumsmeile in Tiflis - 23.12.2010, dradio
Deutsche Hilfe fließt, damit die Museumsmeile in der georgischen Hauptstadt Tiflis wieder im alten Glanz erstrahlen kann. Dringend notwendig ist das, denn momentan sind die Verhältnisse noch erschreckend. ...  die Restaurierung der georgischen Nationalmuseen erfolgt im Rahmen eines durch die Europäische Union geförderten sogenannten Twinningprojekts. Twinning ist das von der EU finanzierte Programm zum Auf- und Ausbau öffentlicher Strukturen interessierter Beitrittsländer. Twinningprojekte hatte es bisher in der Landwirtschaft, Grenzüberwachung, Polizei und in anderen Bereichen gegeben. Georgien sei das erste Land, in dem ein Twinningprojekt im Kultursektor läuft, sagt Michail Tsereteli: "Seitdem 2005 die Reform der georgischen Nationalmuseen gestartet wurde, haben wir uns bemüht, die zusätzlichen Mittel für dieses Projekt in Eigenregie zu sammeln, da die staatliche Förderung allein nicht ausreichend war. Wir boten der EU ein Twinningprojekt im Bereich der Kultur an und waren erfolgreich. Nun haben wir die einzigartige Chance, enge Beziehungen zu solch angesehenen Institutionen wie die Stiftung Preußischer Kulturbesitz und die Staatlichen Museen zu Berlin aufzubauen. "
Die sind auch der Hauptpartner der Georgier von deutscher Seite. Die Preußen-Stiftung und die Berliner Museen haben in den Jahrzehnten nach der Wiedervereinigung wie keine andere Einrichtung Erfahrungen in der Modernisierung ihrer Museumsbauten gemacht. Bei der Entwicklung einer der zentralen Kultureinrichtungen Georgiens trifft deutsches Know-how auf die georgische Leidenschaft, sagt Manfred Nawroth, Projektkoordinator von der Stiftung Preußischer Kulturbesitz: ... "Die Spürbarkeit dieses Museums für das kulturelle Leben in der Stadt, die kulturelle Anerkennung für die Bevölkerung in der Stadt und auf dem Lande sollte eine große Wirkung haben. Und ich meine auch, dass es eine erkennbare Größe hat für die internationalen Touristen, als eine der Attraktivitäten, um dieses schöne wunderbare Land zu bereisen."

RESOLUTION ZU GEORGIEN IM US-SENAT
'Resolution zur Okkupation' im US-Senat initiiert - 11.12.2010, Civil Georgia
Die demokratische Senatorin Jeanne Shaheen hat eine Resolution verfaßt, die Georgiens territoriale Integrität und die Anerkennung von Abchasien und Südossetien als von Russland besetzte Regionen unterstützt. Russland auch aufgerufen, das Waffenstillstandsabkommen von 2008 vollständig zu erfüllen.
Entwurf einer Resolution zu Georgien im US-Senat initiiert:
Draft of Resolution on Georgia Initiated in U.S. Senate
Draft - S.RES.698
A resolution expressing the sense of the Senate with respect to the territorial integrity of Georgia and the situation within Georgia's internationally recognized borders
Whereas, since 1993, the territorial integrity of Georgia has been reaffirmed by the international community and 36 United Nations Security Council resolutions;
Whereas the Helsinki Final Act resulting from the Conference on Security and Cooperation in Europe in 1975 states that parties ‘‘shall regard as inviolable all one another’s frontiers’’ and that ‘‘participating States will likewise refrain from making each other’s territory the object of military occupation’’;
Whereas the United States-Georgia Strategic Charter, signed on January 9, 2009, underscores that ‘‘support for each other’s sovereignty, independence, territorial integrity and inviolability of borders constitutes the foundation of our bilateral relations’’;
Whereas, in October 2010, at the meeting of the United States-Georgia Charter on Strategic Partnership, Secretary of State Clinton stated, ‘‘The United States will not waiver in its support for Georgia’s sovereignty and territorial integrity’’;
Whereas the White House released a fact sheet on July 24, 2010, calling for ‘‘Russia to end its occupation of the Georgian territories of Abkhazia and South Ossetia’’ and for ‘‘a return of international observers to the two occupied regions of Georgia’’;
Whereas Vice President Joseph Biden stated in Tbilisi in July 2009 that the United States ‘‘will not recognize Abkhazia and South Ossetia as independent states’’ and went on to ‘‘urge the world not to recognize [Abkhazia and South Ossetia] as independent states’’;
Whereas the August 2008 conflict between the Governments of Russia and Georgia resulted in civilian and military causalities, the violation of the sovereignty and territorial integrity of Georgia, and large numbers of internally-displaced persons;
Whereas the August 12, 2008, ceasefire agreement, agreed to by the Governments of Russia and Georgia, provides that all Russian troops shall be withdrawn to pre-conflict positions;
Whereas the August 12, 2008, ceasefire agreement provides that free access shall be granted to organizations providing humanitarian assistance in regions affected by violence in August 2008;
Whereas the International Crisis Group concluded in its June 7, 2010, report on South Ossetia that ‘‘Moscow has not kept important ceasefire commitments and some 20,000 ethnic Georgians from the region remain forcibly displaced’’;
Whereas Human Rights Watch concluded in its World Report 2010 that ‘‘Russia continued to exercise effective control over South Ossetia and. . . Abkhazia, preventing international observers’ access and vetoing international missions working there’’;
Whereas, in October 2010, Russian troops withdrew from the small Georgian village of Perevi;
Whereas the withdrawal of Russian troops from Perevi is a positive step, but it does not constitute compliance with the terms of the August 2008 Russia-Georgia ceasefire agreement;
Whereas, on November 23, 2010, before the European Parliament, Georgian President Saakashvili committed Georgia to not use force to restore control over the Georgian territories of Abkhazia and South Ossetia;
Whereas Secretary of State Clinton stated in Tbilisi on July 5, 2010, ‘‘We continue to call for Russia to abide by the August 2008 cease-fire commitment. . . including ending the occupation and withdrawing Russian troops from South Ossetia and Abkhazia to their pre-conflict positions.’’;
Whereas the Russian Federation vetoed the extension of the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE) Mission to Georgia and the United Nations Observer Mission in Georgia, forcing the missions to withdraw from the regions of South Ossetia and Abkhazia;
Whereas Russian troops stationed in the regions of Abkhazia and South Ossetia continue to be present without a mandate from the United Nations or other multilateral organizations;
Whereas the Senate supports United States efforts to develop a productive relationship with the Russian Federation in areas of mutual interest, including non-proliferation and arms control, cooperation concerning the failure of the Government of Iran to meet its international obligations with regard to its nuclear programs, counter-terrorism, Afghanistan, anti-piracy, economics and trade, and others; and
Whereas the Senate agrees that these efforts must not compromise longstanding United States policy, principles of the Helsinki Final Act, and United States support for United States allies and partners worldwide: Now, therefore, be it
Resolved, That the Senate
(1) affirms that it is the policy of the United States to support the sovereignty, independence, and territorial integrity of Georgia and the inviolability of its borders and to recognize the areas of Abkhazia and South Ossetia as regions of Georgia occupied by the Russian Federation;
(2) calls upon the Government of Russia to take steps to fulfill all the terms and conditions of the 2008 ceasefire agreements, including returning military forces to pre-war positions and ensuring access to international humanitarian aid to all those affected by the conflict;
(3) urges the Government of Russia and the de facto authorities in the regions of South Ossetia and Abkhazia to allow for the full and dignified return of internally-displaced persons and international observer missions to the territories of Abkhazia and
South Ossetia;
(4) supports constructive engagement and confidence-building measures between the Government of Georgia and the de facto authorities in the regions of South Ossetia and Abkhazia; and
(5) affirms that the path to lasting stability in this region is through peaceful means and long-term diplomatic and political dialogue.

HINTER TERRORANSCHLÄGEN EIN RUSSISCHER OFFIZIER IN ABCHASIEN ?
Tbilisi sagt, dass Beweise einen russischen Offizier mit den Explosionen in Tbilisi in Verbindung bringen - 08.12.2010, Civil Georgia
Ein in Abchasien stationierter russischer Armeeoffizier, Yevgeny Borisov, soll nach den Beweisen von Tbilisi hinter mehreren Explosionen und einem fehlgeschlagenen Anschlag stecken. Einer der Beweise neben anderen ist eine Anfrage der russischen Streitkräfte in Abchasien via Hotline an die EU-Beobachtermission über eine Explosion, die nie stattfand. Einer der ausführenden Täter habe den russischen Offizier offensichtlich belogen, dass die Bombe explodiert sei, aber die georgischen Medien darüber nicht berichtet hätten. ...
Das russische Verteidigungsministerium weist Tbilisis Behauptungen als "Märchengeschichten" zurück. ...
Präsident Saakashvili: 'Sehr schwerwiegende Terroranschläge verhindert' - 07.12.2010, Civil Georgia
“Diese Terroranschläge wurden im Voraus geplant und den Straftätern wurden Anweisungen und Sprengkörper gegeben. ... "
Innenminister Merabishvili: 'Ernsthafte Bedrohung abgewendet' - 07.12.2010, Civil Georgia
Im Haus eines Verdächtigen fand die Polizei 13 weitere Sprengkörper und 9 Kanister, gefüllt mit Hexogen.
Georgien bringt die Explosionen in Tbilisi mit Russland in Verbindung; sechs Verdächtige verhaftet - 07.12.2010, Civil Georgia
- ein Hauptverdächtiger handelte auf Anweisungen eines rusischen Offiziers
- Tbilisi bietet Moskau eine Zusammenarbeit bei der Untersuchung an

Lufthansa-Maschine musste nach Druckabfall umkehren - 06.12.10, Welt
Eine Lufthansa-Passagiermaschine hat technische Probleme nach München mit 66 Reisenden an Bord kurz nach dem Start in der georgischen Hauptstadt Tiflis zur Rückkehr gezwungen. ...

OSZE-GIPFEL IN ASTANA 2010 - OSCE SUMMIT IN ASTANA 2010
Ungelöste Konflikte durchkreuzen die Annahme eines OSCE-Aktionsplans - 03.12.2010, Civil Georgia
Der zweitägige hochrangige OSCE-Gipfel endete ohne die Annahme eines umfassenden Aktionsplanes, um die Rolle der Organisation in der Verhinderung und Lösung von Konflikten, einschließlich wegen des Scheiterns in einer Formulierung in Bezug auf Georgien übereinzustimmern. ...
Kein frischer Wind aus Astana - 02.12.2010, tagesschau.de
... Nur mit Mühe konnten sich die 56 OSZE-Mitgliedstaaten auf eine Erklärung einigen, die vor allem innerhalb der EU für Enttäuschung sorgte. Sie bestätigt zwar die bisherigen Prinzipien der OSZE: Die Organisation für Sicherheit und Zusammenarbeit soll sich auch weiterhin um Bürgerrechte und die Entwicklung der Demokratie kümmern. Aber neue Initiativen zur Bewältigung der Regionalkonflikte innerhalb der OSZE wird es vorerst nicht geben. Der Gipfel in der kasachischen Hauptstadt Astana wurde überschattet von den angespannten Beziehungen zwischen Russland und Georgien. Um die von Georgien abtrünnige Region Südossetien gab es 2008 militärische Auseinandersetzungen mit Russland. Und Armenien und Aserbeidschan sind tief zerstritten, wenn es um die völkerrechtliche Zugehörigkeit von Berg-Karabach geht. Auf einen gemeinsamen Plan, die langjährigen Konflikte im OSZE-Rahmen zu lösen, konnten sich die Mitgliedsstaaten nicht verständigen. ... Russlands Präsident Medwedjew hatte sich von dem Treffen etwas anderes erhofft. Er reiste vorzeitig ab.  ...
Germany supports Georgia's sovereignty - 01.12.2010,  news.az
Chancellor of Germany Angela Merkel stated that her country supports the principle of Georgia's sovereignty and territorial integrity and spoke for OSCE observers' return into the zone of the Georgian-South-Ossetian conflict. "I stand for OSCE' visible presence in Georgia", - Trend is citing Merkel. It should also be noted that while speaking at the summit in Astana, German chancellor underlined that OSCE monitoring mission faced a serious crisis of trust in August 2008. ...
Georgian president: Tbilisi-Moscow dialogue necessary for OSCE Astana summit  - 01.12.2010,  trend.az
Georgia tries to make concrete steps in transforming the South Caucasus to a region where human rights are respected and people live with dignity, Georgian President Mikheil Saakashvili said at the OSCE Astana summit today. ...
Präsident Saakashvili's Rede beim OSCE-Gipfel in Astana - 01.12.2010, Civil Georgia
"... And I think it is a great example to follow for all the others also in this region. Our common mission at the summit is to agree on a set of concrete steps to make the OSCE a true security community one free of dividing lines, conflicts, spheres of influence, a community in which human rights are respected and people live in dignity.
We need a common vision for how to enforce the principles that define the OSCE, or how to foster a cooperation to quarrel rivalries and the strategy to help us overcome the danger of tensions and the so-called frozen conflicts that undermine the stability of our common area. ..."
Außenminister Vashadze über Tbilisi’s Position beim OSCE-Gipfel - 01.12.2010, Civil Georgia
"In der Abschlusserklärung sollte ein Bezug auf die wichtigsten internationalen Dokumente, solche wie die UN-Charta und die Schlussakte von Helsinki; sie sollte eine Forderung an Russland enthalten, das Waffenstillstandsabkommen vom 16. August zu erfüllen; ... territoriale Integrität, das Recht auf Rückkehr für georgische Bürger, die durch die russische Aggression zu Flüchtlingen wurden."

Georgien auch in den geheimen US-Depeschen erwähnt, die in WikiLeaks veröffentlicht wurden - 29.11.2010, Civil Georgia
Georgia is mentioned in some of the classified U.S. diplomatic cables, obtained and made public by WikiLeaks website on November 28, showing the issue of Georgia raised in various contexts in meetings between the U.S. senior diplomats and officials with their European and Russian counterparts, as well as during the talks between Israeli and Russian officials. ... In the documents, available on the website at the moment, Georgia is mainly mentioned in dispatches originating from U.S. embassies in Moscow, Paris and Baku. It was reported in the Georgian media and blogosphere on November 29, that some leaked dispatches also originate from the U.S. embassy in Tbilisi dating from the August, 2008 war period. These dispatches, however, have not yet appeared on the WikiLeaks website. ...

US-Zerstörer Gonzalez im Hafen von Batumi bis 2.12. - 27.11.2010, Civil Georgia
Küstenwache sagt, es werde ein gemeinsames theoretisches und praktisches Training der Schiffsmannschaft und Küstenwache durchgeführt.
The U.S. guided-missile destroyer, Gonzalez (DDG 66), will make a port call in Batumi next week, the border police at the Georgian Interior Ministry, said.
It said that the warship and its crew, which will be hosted by the Georgian coast guard and the local authorities of Adjara Autonomous Republic, will stay in Georgia till December 2.
"A joint theoretical and practical training of the ship crew and Georgian coast guard personnel will be carried out," the Georgian Border Police said, adding that number of social and a community relations events are also planned.
Similar port calls are made for few times a year by the U.S. warships and are usually described by the officials as "routine friendly visits."

EU-Beobachter besorgt über die "Grenzziehungsarbeiten" der russischen Militärs und südossetischen Milizen an der Verwaltungsgrenze des abtrünnigen Südossetien - 26.11.2010, Civil Georgia
... “The Mission has increasing indications that this is part of a broader policy of unilateral border demarcation. The EUMM is concerned about these ‘border demarcation works’, as they are incompatible with the principle of Georgian territorial integrity, which is fully supported by the European Union,” it said.

Premierminister Giorgi Baramidze gegen die Ausrichtung der olympischen Spiele in Sotschi - 26.11.2010, Civil Georgia
Er teile die "Meinungen" einer Gruppe von Abgeordneten, die ihren Widerspruch gegen die Ausrichtung der olympischen Spiele in Sotschi, nicht weit entfernt von der abtrünnigen Region Abchasien ausdrückten. Der Abgeordnete Tsiklauri sagte: "Gemäß der Olympischen Charta ist es unmöglich, Olympische Spiele auf einem Gebiet auszurichten, wo der Genozid einer Nation stattfand."

Georgia President Given Highest Moldovan Award -
25.11.2010, Radio Free Europe
Georgian President Mikheil Saakashvili has received Moldova's highest award during a one-day visit to Chisinau, RFE/RL's Moldovan Service reports. Acting Moldovan President Mihai Ghimpu presented Saakashvili with the Order of the Republic. ...

REDE VON PRÄSIDENT SAAKASHVILI VOR DEM EUROPAPARLAMENT IN STRASSBURG
Saakashvili, At EU Parliament, Calls For Direct Dialogue With Kremlin - 27.11.2010, Radio Free Europe
Georgian President Mikheil Saakashvili, in a impassioned speech at the European Parliament on November 23, proposed direct talks with the Kremlin. "I am, ladies and gentlemen, ready for a deep, comprehensive dialogue with my Russian counterpart," Saakashvili asserted. "We will, of course, continue to participate in the Geneva talks, hoping that our pledge today will persuade the Russian Federation to stop blocking these discussions. But we need a political dialogue to start as well." ...
EU begrüßt Tbilisi's Bekenntnis zum Gewaltverzicht - 26.11.2010, Civil Georgia
EU foreign policy chief, Catherine Ashton, welcomed Georgia’s non-use of force commitment announced by President Saakashvili in his speech to the European Parliament on November 23.
“I see it as a constructive step and positive contribution to ongoing efforts towards a peaceful and lasting solution to the conflict,” Ashton said in a statement on November 25.
“In this regard, I underline the importance of the Geneva International Discussions, where the issue of non-use of force is at the centre of the agenda.”
“We are looking forward to further steps, as announced by President Saakashvili in his speech, and stand ready to continue the active engagement of the EU in the conflict resolution efforts in Georgia,” she said.
Saakashvili said in his speech, that he would send a relevant letter of Georgia’s non-use of force pledge to the UN Secretary General, OSCE Secretary General and EU leaders.
French Foreign Minister, Michele Alliot-Marie, also welcomed the Georgian President’s statement and called on all the parties into the Geneva talks to accept this “strong gesture” of peace and to respond with release of all the remaining detained persons and with allowing EU monitors to access breakaway Abkhazia and South Ossetia.
Bundesminister Westerwelle: Georgische Dialogbereitschaft wichtiges Signal für Vertrauensbildung gegenüber Russland - 24.11.2010, Pressemitteilung Auswärtiges Amt
In seiner gestrigen Rede vor dem Europäischen Parlament hat der georgische Staatspräsident Micheil Saakaschwili erklärt, dass Georgien auf Gewalt verzichte und die Wiederherstellung seiner territorialen Integrität und Souveränität nur mit friedlichen Mitteln anstreben werde. Zudem betonte er die Bereitschaft zum Dialog mit Russland.
Dazu erklärte Bundesaußenminister Guido Westerwelle heute (24.11.):
„Mit seiner gestrigen Rede hat der georgische Staatspräsident einen wichtigen Beitrag zur Vertrauensbildung und für einen konstruktiven Fortgang der Genfer Gespräche geleistet. Nur auf dem Weg des Dialogs kann eine Lösung des Konfliktes gelingen.
Dieser Schritt sollte von Russland und allen anderen Konfliktparteien konstruktiv und mit eigenen vertrauensbildenden Maßnahmen aufgegriffen werden.
Ziel bleibt eine künftige Konfliktlösung auf der Basis der vollständigen Umsetzung der Waffenstillstandsvereinbarungen von 2008.“
Die internationalen Gespräche zum Georgien-Konflikt haben 2008 begonnen und werden in einer weiteren Runde Mitte Dezember fortgeführt. Die Gespräche stehen unter dem gemeinsamen Vorsitz der Europäischen Union, der Vereinten Nationen und der OSZE.
Interview mit Giorgi Baramidze: Georgien 'Auf seinem Weg' zur NATO und EU, Top Official Says - 24.11.2010, Radio Free Europe
Giorgi Baramidze spoke to RFE/RL at its Prague headquarters on November 24.
November 24, 2010: Georgia is pushing ahead with reforms aimed at joining the European Union and NATO -- and ready to talk to Russia.
RFE/RL: Speaking before the European Parliament on November 23, Georgian President Mikheil Saakashvili proposed direct talks with the Kremlin. Are we witnessing a major shift in Tbilisi's relations with Moscow?
Giorgi Baramidze: It was an official statement, but we always try to pursue having a constructive dialogue with the Russian leadership. It's in our interest, it was in our interest, and it will be in our interest, because we're a small European country that wants to have peace and security in and around our territory. ...
RFE/RL: But by bringing it up, was he addressing Western concerns that Georgia would act militarily in the future?
Baramidze: It's because of these speculations that we have once again underlined our commitment. Actually, it was done when we signed the so-called Sarkozy-brokered cease-fire agreement. But it was not enough for some people, or maybe for diplomacy to go ahead. So we have solemnly repeated it once again in front of the European Parliament, and the president has sent letters to the UN secretary-general and the OSCE secretary-general.
 Practically 99 percent of the facts presented by the commission prove the Georgian case and absolutely dismiss all three of the Russian pretexts for attacking Georgia. ...
Georgiens Präsident Saakaschwili sucht friedliche Lösung mit Russland - europarl.europa.eu
Plenarsitzung vom 22. bis 25. November 2010 in Straßburg
Mikheil Saakaschwili am Dienstag, 23. November 2010
Georgiens Präsident Micheil Saakaschwili warb während seiner Rede vor dem Europäischen Parlament für eine Zukunft Georgiens, die fest in Europa verankert sei. Zudem machte er deutlich, dass Georgien eine friedliche Lösung im Konflikt mit Russland um die abtrünnigen Provinzen Abchasien und Südossetien suchen werde und auf Gewalt verzichte.
In seiner Begrüßungsrede sagte Jerzy Buzek, dass die letzten sieben Jahre für Georgien alles andere als leicht waren und dass die EU an Moskau appelliert hat, sich an das Waffenstillstandsabkommen zu halten. Russische Behörden sollen georgische Staatsbürger nicht schikanieren und europäischen Beobachtern den Zutritt in die besetzten Gebiete nicht verwehren.
Georgien ist dabei eine europäische Demokratie zu werden
Der georgische Präsident machte deutlich, dass die Bürger seines Landes sich nicht mehr als Bewohner eines post-sowjetischen Staates sehen, sondern sich mit ihrem Land wie mit einer europäischen Demokratie auseinandersetzen und ähnliche Ansprüche an das Funktionieren als Staat und Gesellschaft stellen, wie es in europäischen Demokratien üblich ist.
Er erinnerte an die "Rosen-Revolution" von 2003 die freie Wahlen und eine Öffnung der Wirtschaft und Gesellschaft brachte. Georgien habe der kommunistischen Vergangenheit den Rücken gekehrt und ist auf dem Weg zu einer Demokratie.
Weiter sagte er, dass aus georgischer Sicht die Europäische Union eine Quelle der Hoffnung ist, dass auch die gewalttätigsten Konflikte überwunden werden können. es sei an der Zeit, dass sich der Frieden in Europa auch auf de Kaukasus erstreckt. Es versicherte, dass Georgien alles tun werde, um sein Schicksal in Europa zu verwurzeln. 
Russland ist ein Partner und kein Feind
Seit dem bewaffneten Konflikt mit Russland im Jahr 2008, bei dem über ein Fünftel des georgischen Staatsgebietes unter russische Militärverwaltung gelangte, sucht Georgien eine friedliche Lösung mit seinem großen nördlichen Nachbarn. "Georgien wird nie Gewalt anwenden, um seine territoriale Integrität wiederzuerlangen," versicherte Saakaschwili.
Er wünsche sich Russland als Partner und nicht als Feind, sagte der georgische Präsident. Russen seien in Georgien immer willkommen als Partner, Touristen, Studenten, Geschäftsleute, Journalisten oder einfach als Freunde. Nie jedoch als Besatzer. "Zusammenarbeit soll Rivalität ersetzen," sagte er und bat die Europäische Union hierfür für Unterstützung. 
Präsident Saakashvili's Rede vor dem Europaparlament - 23.11.2010, Civil Georgia
Mr. President,
Distinguished Members of the European Parliament,
Ladies and gentlemen,
I am humbled by the immense honor that your invitation signifies for my country and   I would like to thank the Presidency of the Parliament and all the political groups for this opportunity.
I came here to deliver a message of hope and to make a solemn pledge.
I came here to affirm that peace-a just and lasting peace-is possible in my region, and that we need Europe to contribute to it.
For centuries, the Caucasian mountains have been a geopolitical mystery, a beguiling paradox-a region where individuals and souls were free, but where citizens were oppressed; where cultures were tolerant, but where governments created artificial divisions; where people never ceased to feel deeply Europeans, but where walls erected by Empires turned Europe into a faraway mirage, where men and women were striving for peace, but where wars seemed unavoidable.
I came here to tell you that we must put an end to these times, that cooperation must replace rivalry, that negotiation must prevail over the rhetoric of war.
Ladies and gentlemen, in all the troubled corners of our world, the European Parliament is a symbol of hope-the striking proof that even the cruelest of conflicts can be overcome and that peace is worth any political risk.
This very place would not exist if-in the middle of ruins, surrounded by death and legitimate claims for revenge-brave leaders did not choose to end centuries of wars by launching the most ambitious and fascinating political experiment of our time: European unification.
This Parliament-divided not by nationality, but into political groups-fulfils the vision so eloquently expressed by Victor Hugo at the 1849 International Congress of Peace in Paris.
Allow me to quote this visionary poet in his own language:
"Un jour viendra où vous toutes, nations du continent, sans perdre vos qualités distinctes et votre glorieuse individualité, vous vous fondrez étroitement dans une unité supérieure, et vous constituerez la fraternité européenne. Un jour viendra où il n'y aura plus d'autres champs de bataille que les marchés s'ouvrant au commerce et les esprits s'ouvrant aux idées. Un jour viendra où les boulets et les bombes seront remplacés par les votes, par le suffrage universel des peuples, par le vénérable arbitrage d'un grand Sénat Souverain qui sera à l'Europe ce que le Parlement est à l'Angleterre, ce que la Diète est à l'Allemagne, ce que l'Assemblée législative est à la France!"
Most of Hugo's contemporaries thought he was an infantile dreamer when he pronounced this speech and it took more than 100 years and 2 world wars for History to hear his voice.
Ladies and gentlemen,
It is high time for Hugo's voice to be echoed and heard in my region as well.
It is high time for this voice of brotherhood to overcome the sounds of canons and the calls for hatred.
It is high time for the European peace to be extended to the Caucasus.
And it is our responsibility, as political leaders, to conceive bold initiatives in order to make this happen.
Ladies and gentlemen,
Exactly 7 years ago, the Rose Revolution initiated the new journey towards the European family of an old European nation, my beloved Georgia.
On November 23rd 2003, hundreds of thousands of citizens-of all regional, religious, and social backgrounds-peacefully took over the streets and the Parliament.
They did more than overthrow a corrupt, backward-looking regime: they triggered what The Economist of London called some weeks ago a "mental revolution."
As some of you know it well in this Assembly, there has been two ways of getting out from communist regimes after the liberating collapse of USSR: the European one and the nationalistic one, the rule of law and the rule of fear. To sum up: Vaclav Havel or Slobodan Milosevic.
Once the tyranny of the Party was over, the divisions, the corruption, the verticality, the bureaucracy, the cynicism and the authoritarianism that were the pillars of the Soviet society remained.
7 years ago, Ladies and gentlemen, Georgia was formally an independent State but Georgia was still part of this world of fears and hatreds.
The borders of the soviet mentality were not abolished yet and Soviet Union was still existing in the minds and the souls.
Only a "mental revolution" could lead to a European transformation of our societies.
This is the message that we, Georgians, brought to this region. This is the message that unleashed so much anger towards us among the nostalgics of the Empire.
But this is the message that turned Georgia into a laboratory of reforms for our region.
When we led the Rose Revolution, we were members of student organizations, opposition parties, civil society groups-all united by a single dream: to turn a dysfunctional post-Soviet country crippled by corruption and crime into a European democracy.
Ladies and gentlemen, Soviet Union was based on one principle: divide to rule.
People were artificially opposed to each others, at every level of the society, in every field.
In every Republic, the different religious, social, ethnic groups were put in constant rivalry and politics was understood as an art of manipulation of fears and hatreds.
This explains why former communists leaders turned so easily into nationalists, in the Balkans as well as in the Caucasus, in Eastern Europe as well as in Russia.
7 years ago, Georgia was still divided into isolated communities fearing each other and some extremists were using the weakness of the State to reject minorities.
Our first task was therefore to embrace multiculturalism and differences.
We have developed an affirmative action program - in all spheres, from higher education to law enforcement bodies.
Soviet Union had another caracteristic: an absolute centralization.
7 years ago, Georgia was still all about its capital and we initiated a vast decentralization program, heavily invested in regional infrastructures and spectacularly empowered local authorities.
As a result, regions that were once abandoned became the most striking examples of our development.
Until the Rose Revolution, all key regional principles were appointed by the President. So - while others were restoring the famous "vertical of power", canceling the autonomy of all regions - we systematically transferred powers to regional elected bodies.
This policy recently lead to the first direct election of the mayor of Tbilisi last May and in the decision to move the Constitutional Court to the city of Batumi and the Parliament to the city of Kutaisi.
Soviet Union was all about control and corruption, an overweight and inefficient State.
Our first step was therefore to dissolve the KGB, fire the entire police forces, as well as customs officers and tax agents, but also to open up our economy and our educational system.
The vision that guided all these steps was captured by a single symbol: besides every Georgian flag, in every official building, we installed a European flag.
We did this to show where we were aiming to take Georgia with our reforms.
Of course, our peaceful revolution has had its share of failures and shortcomings.
Of course, we have made mistakes.
But, as the great inventor of "European cosmopolitism" and one of my favorite philosophers- Emmanuel Kant-wrote about the French revolution: "You cannot be ready to be free until you are free."
What Emmanuel Kant meant, Ladies and gentlemen, is that no book can teach you in advance how to govern or even behave in freedom. You can only learn this from your own successes and failures.
We have had failures and we have learnt from them, but we have also had surprising successes.
Georgia has just been singled out by the World Bank as the number 1 economic reformer in the world over the last 5 years, and now ranks 12th place in the world for the ease of doing business, number one in Eastern and Central Europe.
Once the epicenter of the post-Soviet mafia, Georgia has made more progress against corruption than any other country in the world from 2004 to 2009, according to Transparency International.
I value these rankings only because they reflect and reveal the social and moral transformation that happened in my country, the "mental revolution" to which I referred earlier.
Georgian citizens have stopped thinking of their country as a post-Soviet state. They see it, judge it, and often criticize it as a European democracy.
Such change goes far beyond the leaders and parties that led the Rose Revolution. It is something that nobody owns and nobody can suppress, neither us nor anybody else. Such revolution leads to this amazing fact in our part of the world, the fact that Institutions are systematically more popular than any political figure.
There is a great deal more to do, obviously, and we are more committed than ever to pursuing our path of reforms.
We are aware than democracy is always a work in progress.
Ladies and gentlemen,
Our alternative democratic model was not welcome by everyone, of course.
It met fierce opposition among those revisionist forces who still perceive the fall of the USSR as the "worst catastrophe of the 20th century."
They imposed a full-scale embargo on my nation in 2006, deported our citizens, repeatedly bombed our territory, and finally invaded in 2008.
As I speak, these forces still occupy 20% of Georgian territory, in blatant violation of international law and of the August 12th cease-fire agreement brokered thanks to the efforts of my good friend, French President Nicolas Sarkozy, who was acting then as President of the European Union.
As I speak, Georgia still counts up to 500,000 IDP's and refugees who cannot return home because some people animated by an old imperialist mentality decided to welcome the 21st century by organizing ethnic cleansing campaigns and building a new Berlin Wall in my country.
How did we respond to these aggressions?
We fully implemented the ceasefire agreement and went beyond our obligations, without even once using as a pretext Russia's refusal to comply.
Last August, the head of the European Union Monitoring Mission, Hansjörg Haber, publicly praised Georgian restraint and our engagement strategy as "constructive unilateralism".
When tanks and missiles are standing at 50 kilometers of a capital, governments usually play the card of the besieged nation, proclaim that freedom is a luxury they cannot afford and start to crackdown their opposition and close their society.
We did exactly the contrary.
We are, Ladies and gentlemen, building a democracy at a gunpoint.
In front of the Iron Curtain than the occupation forces have built around the region of Abkhazia, in the small seaside town of Anaklia, a new tourism resort is being built as we speak, with beautiful hotels and sand beaches.
Some suggest that we should stop and wait until the situation is resolved and only then start building when the ground is less shaky.
Our philosophy is the complete opposite - we are constructing buildings not because they are on a strong ground but because building them will eventually make the ground stronger.
In Anaklia, a new phase of development started in 2005 after the place had been destroyed by the conflict already twice, in 1993 and 1998.
In 2008, it once again witnessed total destruction.
And few weeks after, the constructions started again.
A great poet and a famous Russian dissident, Alexander Galich, one of these 8 heroes that demonstrated on the Red Square in 68 against the invasion of Prague, wrote about Georgia:
"Прекрасная и гордая страна! / Ты отвечаешь шуткой на злословье."
Translation: "Splendid and proud country / You respond to mud-slinging by a smile"
Last time I visited Anaklia I saw a row of discotheques as lively as you can see anywhere in Europe, where young people danced just like they would do in Ibiza or Saint-Tropez.
The only difference was that after the last disco on the beech there is a wall that the occupying army has erected.
Let me ask you: what is more absurd than a New Berlin Wall on a sandy beech?
Ladies and gentlemen,
In short, we understand that peace is in our supreme interest and we are convinced there is no alternative to peace.
By jeopardizing peace, we would place at risk everything we have achieved and everything we want to achieve in the coming years.
And so I came here to announce a new step in our policy of constructive unilateralism.
I am here to take an initiative that, I hope and with your help, will defuse the tensions and allow serious negotiations to start.
Before coming, I reflected a lot and also consulted with our European and American allies.
The Georgian government already considers itself bound by the August 12th ceasefire agreement and has always understood that this ceasefire clearly prohibits the use of force.
But-in order to prove that Georgia is definitively committed to a peaceful resolution of its conflict with the Russian Federation-we take today the unilateral initiative to declare that Georgia will never use force to restore its territorial integrity and sovereignty, that it will only resort to peaceful means in its quest for de-occupation and reunification.
Even if the Russian Federation refuses to withdraw its occupation forces, even if its proxy militias multiply their human rights violations, Georgia will only retain the right to self-defense in the case of new attacks and invasion of the 80% of the Georgian territory that remains under control of the Georgian government.
I will address the relevant letters to the Secretary General of the United Nations, the Secretary General of the OSCE, and the leadership of the European Union, stating clearly that we commit ourselves not to use force in order to reunite our illegally divided country, neither against the occupation forces, nor against their proxies, even though the UN Charter could allow us to do so.
My pledge here, in front of you, constitutes a unilateral declaration of a state under international law.
This initiative, Ladies and gentlemen, is far from an easy one for a country that is partially occupied and that counts 500 000 IDPs and refugees.
It continues and expands our policy of "constructive unilateralism."
I am, ladies and gentlemen, ready for a deep and comprehensive dialogue with my Russian counterpart.
We will of course continue to participate in the Geneva talks, hoping that our pledge today will persuade the Russian Federation to stop blocking these discussions.
But we need the political dialogue to start as well.           
And for this to occur, the international community must make clear to the Russian leaders that the situation today is totally irregular and unsustainable.
In order to push them to discuss a compromise, its is essential to clearly state the reality of the situation on the ground.
This is why we are asking that the Russian military buildup within the international borders of Georgia be qualified as an illegal occupation of a sovereign territory. Many European nations, as well as the United States, already have done so.
Equally, the brutal campaigns that have expelled hundreds of thousands of Georgian citizens from the occupied territories should be qualified as illegal acts of ethnic cleansing.
If we fail to denounce this ethnic cleansing, why would the occupiers ever even consider allowing them to return to their homes and villages?
Ladies and gentlemen, if the first victim of war is always the truth, the truth is always the most solid foundation of peace.
Our constructive unilateralism and the pledge I have just made will not have the expected impact if our European friends do not speak out the truth-if you do not speak out the truth."
I came here today, humbly, to tell you that we depend on you.
Ladies and gentlemen,
Our region has known too many wars in recent History. It is time, to paraphrase Hugo once again, to replace canons with roundtables.
Our region has had its own Warsaw, its own Coventry, its own Oradour-Sur-Glane, and it is time to build on our common rejection of war and destruction.
It is time to say that we must never have another Grozny- a regional capital of 400 000 inhabitants that has been totally wiped out from the surface of the globe.
It is time to say that we must never see again people expelled from their homes or deported on the basis of their nationality, their faith or their origins, as it happened in my own country as well as in other countries of the region.
I am ready to work with the Russian leadership so that this does not happen ever again, so that the consequences of war are reversed and the conditions for peace are established.
Walls like the one dividing Georgia will not be brought down by bombs, but by the commitment of citizens to build a free, united country-and by the commitment of the world community to enforce international law.
It is noticeable that, despite enormous pressure and multiple threats from Moscow, not a single former Soviet republic has recognized the dismemberment of Georgia.
It shows-to the great surprise and fury of some people-that the old times are definitely over.
It shows that the former captive nations of Soviet times have become strong, independent states that determine their own policies.
No one, in short, is going back to the USSR.
Ladies and gentlemen, our region has made its choice.
A war has been launched to stop this movement, but tanks cannot reverse the sense of History and it is time for the long and dolorous hangover of imperialism to end, peacefully.
I call, therefore, on the Russian leaders to make the choice of the future.
They could play such a major positive role in the ongoing transformation of our common region, accepting other countries as partners and not vassals.
We all want-I personally want-Russia as a partner and not as an enemy.
Nobody has a greater stake than us in seeing Russia turn into a country that truly operates within the concert of nations, respects international law, and-this is often connected-upholds basic human rights.
This is why I wholeheartedly support the efforts of European and American leaders to strengthen their relationship with Russia.
Our conflict has done nothing to harden feelings between our two peoples: I want to tell the Russian people that they will always be welcome in Georgia, as partners, as tourists, as students, as businessmen, as journalists or simply as friends. Not as occupation forces.
Ladies and gentlemen,
I would like to end this speech with a quote from the President of the first Georgian Republic, Noe Zhordania.
As you might know, Georgia was the first European social-democratic republic ever proclaimed in 1918.
A few days before the Red Army invaded his Georgia, Zhordania explained our European choice:
"What do we take from the cultural bow of European nations? Only 2000 years old national culture, democratic system and natural wealth."
Today, another Georgian President addresses you, with the same message of love for the European ideas and values.
It is rare that a nation is given twice in History the same opportunity.
I came here today to tell you that we will seize this opportunity and do whatever we can to achieve our European destiny.

NATO-GIPFEL 2010 IN LISSABON
Georgien in der NATO-Gipfelerklärung - wörtliche Auszüge - 20.11.2010, Civil Georgia
- Stabilität und erfolgreiche politische und wirtschaftliche Reformen in Georgien sind wichtig für die euro-atlantische Stabilität
- Bukarest-Entscheidung in allen Entscheidungen wiederholt: Georgien wird ein NATO-Mitglied werden
- NATO-Russland-Kooperation ist von strategischer Bedeutung
20. ...Stability and successful political and economic reform in Georgia and Ukraine are important to Euro-Atlantic security. We will continue and develop the partnerships with these countries taking into account the Euro-Atlantic aspiration or orientation of each of the countries.
21. At the 2008 Bucharest Summit we agreed that Georgia will become a member of NATO and we reaffirm all elements of that decision, as well as subsequent decisions. We will foster political dialogue and practical cooperation with Georgia, including through the NATO-Georgia Commission and the Annual National Programme. We strongly encourage and actively support Georgia’s continued implementation of all necessary reforms, particularly democratic, electoral and judicial reforms, as well as security and defence sector reforms, in order to advance its Euro-Atlantic aspirations. We welcome the recent opening of the NATO Liaison Office in Georgia which will help in maximising our assistance and support for the country’s reform efforts. We welcome Georgia’s important contributions to NATO operations, in particular to ISAF. We reiterate our continued support for the territorial integrity and sovereignty of Georgia within its internationally recognised borders. We encourage all participants in the Geneva talks to play a constructive role as well as to continue working closely with the OSCE, UN and the EU to pursue peaceful conflict resolution in the internationally-recognised territory of Georgia. We continue to call on Russia to reverse its recognition of the South Ossetia and Abkhazia regions of Georgia as independent states...
23. ...NATO-Russia cooperation is of strategic importance, as reflected by today’s meeting of the NATO-Russia Council (NRC) at the level of Heads of State and Government in Lisbon. In light of common security interests, we are determined to build a lasting and inclusive peace, together with Russia, in the Euro-Atlantic Area. We need to share responsibility in facing up to common challenges, jointly identified. We want to see a true strategic partnership between NATO and Russia, and we will act accordingly, with the expectation of reciprocity from Russia. We recommit ourselves to the goals, principles and commitments which underpin the NRC. On this firm basis, we urge Russia to meet its commitments with respect to Georgia, as mediated by the European Union on 12 August and 8 September 2008. Over the past year, NATO-Russia cooperation has progressed and produced notable results. We welcome, in particular, the completion of the Joint Review of 21st Century Common Security Challenges, which has identified practical cooperation projects on Afghanistan, including counter-narcotics; non-proliferation of weapons of mass destruction and their means of delivery; counter-piracy; counter-terrorism; and disaster response. We also welcome the new extended arrangements offered by Russia to facilitate ISAF transit to and from Afghanistan. We are actively pursuing cooperation with Russia on missile defence, including through the resumption of theatre missile defence exercises. We will also want to discuss in the NRC a range of other topics, including Afghanistan; implementing OSCE principles; military deployments, including any that could be perceived as threatening; information sharing and transparency on military doctrine and posture, as well as the overall disparity in short-range nuclear weapons; arms control; and other security issues. We look forward to discussing all these matters in the NRC, which is a forum for political dialogue at all times and on all issues, including where we disagree. Our dialogue and cooperation with Russia also help us to resolve differences by building trust, mutual confidence, transparency, predictability and mutual understanding...
35. ... With our vision of a Euro-Atlantic area at peace, the persistence of protracted regional conflicts in South Caucasus and the Republic of Moldova continues to be a matter of great concern for the Alliance. We urge all parties to engage constructively and with reinforced political will in peaceful conflict resolution, and to respect the current negotiation formats. We call on them all to avoid steps that undermine regional security and stability. We remain committed in our support of the territorial integrity, independence and sovereignty of Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia and the Republic of Moldova, and will also continue to support efforts towards a peaceful settlement of these regional conflicts, taking into account these principles.
Russ. Präsident Medvedev: Georgien 'wahrscheinlich schwerwiegendste' Unstimmigkeit mit NATO - 20.11.2010, Civil Georgia
Russian President, Dmitry Medvedev, said that at Lisbon summit NATO and Moscow made “a significant step forward” towards boosting cooperation, but also said that differences, including on Georgia, remain.
“One of the most serious differences probably is about our assessment of 2008 events – attitude towards what has happened in August, 2008, towards those geopolitical changes, which occurred at that time; in particular emergence of two new states – South Ossetia and Abkhazia. But we [Russia and NATO] have noted that this issue should not become a stumbling stone,” Medvedev said while speaking at a news conference after NATO-Russia Council meeting in Lisbon on November 20.
“We have agreed that [differences] should not disrupt our relations,” he said. “On the contrary, we should work on finding ways out of these difficult situations. We should work on hearing each others’ arguments.”
Medvedev said that in overall the Lisbon summit was “a significant step forward towards strengthening our relations” and for that reason, he added, this summit was “a historic event.”
Georgien in der Abschlusserklärung des NATO-Gipfels in Lissabon - 20.11.2010, Civil Georgia
... Wie die Erklärung nach dem Strasbourg/Kehl-Gipfel ruft die jüngste Erklärung Russland auf, "seine Anerkennung von der Südossetien- und Abchasien-Region von Georgien als unabhängige Staaten rückgängig zu machen". ...
Like NATO’s new strategic concept, in respect of Georgia, the final declaration of Lisbon summit reiterates the decision taken by NATO leaders at 2008 Bucharest summit, that Georgia will become a member of the Alliance.
It also reaffirms subsequent decisions taken by the Alliance in respect of Georgia, which among others also includes the one of 2009 Strasbourg/Kehl summit in which NATO leaders said that Georgia’s Annual National Programme, setting reforms targets, will help Georgia in advancing its reforms “without prejudice to further decisions which must be taken about MAP” – Membership Action Plan, a precursor to an eventual membership to which Georgia was refused at 2008 Bucharest summit.
Like the 2009 Strasbourg/Kehl declaration, the recent one again calls on Russia “to reverse its recognition of the South Ossetia and Abkhazia regions of Georgia as independent states.”
While noting that NATO wants to see “a true strategic partnership” with Russia, the Lisbon summit declaration reiterates support to Georgia’s territorial integrity and calls on Moscow “to meet its commitments with respect to Georgia” undertaken under the August 12, 2008 six-point ceasefire agreement and follow up treaty of September 8, 2008.
It says that “protracted regional conflicts” in South Caucasus and in Moldova “continues to be a matter of great concern for the Alliance.”
“We strongly encourage and actively support Georgia’s continued implementation of all necessary reforms, particularly democratic, electoral and judicial reforms, as well as security and defence sector reforms, in order to advance its Euro-Atlantic aspirations,” the declaration reads.
NATO-Generalsekretär Rasmussen sagt, eine verbesserte NATO-Russland-Beziehung werde in veritabler Weise dazu beitragen, eine Lösung im Konflikt Georgien-Russland zu finden - 20.11.2010, Civil Georgia
NATO Secretary General, Anders Fogh Rasmussen, who announced about launch of “fundamentally new relations” between NATO and Russia, said improved ties between the Alliance and Moscow would also help to resolve conflict between Russia and Georgia.
Speaking at a news conference after a meeting between NATO leaders and Russian President Dmitry Medvedev in Lisbon, Rasmussen said that the Alliance and Russia “agreed in writing that while we face main security challenges we pose no threat to each other.”
"For the first time the two sides will be cooperating to defend themselves," Rasmussen said.
Asked how “fundamentally new relations” between Russia and NATO might effect conflict between Moscow and Tbilisi, Rasmussen responded: “I hope to see a resolution to that very unfortunate conflict and I can assure that within the framework, we have created for consultations with Russia, we will continue to discuss the Georgia issue.”
“The NATO position remains the same; we insist on full respect of Georgia’s sovereignty and territorial integrity; we will continue to pursue a non-recognition policy as regards Abkhazia and South Ossetia.”
"Generally speaking, I do believe, that an improved relationship between NATO and Russia will also contribute in a valuable way to find the solutions to the conflict between Russia and Georgia," Rasmussen said.
Präsident Saakashvili über 'fruchtbarste diplomatische Woche' - 20.11.2010, Civil Georgia
President Saakashvili said this week was the most “fruitful” in terms of diplomatic successes for Georgia under his presidency.
Speaking to a group of Georgian journalists in Lisbon on sideline of NATO summit after meeting with President Obama, Saakashvili said that NATO Parliamentary Assembly’s resolution, his trip to Brussels to meet with EU leadership and talks with his U.S. counterpart, as well as his upcoming speech before the European Parliament on November 23 was marking failure of Russia’s attempts “to cast away and sideline” Georgia on the international arena.
“I am on this post [of the President] for many years already, but I do not remember having - and we have not had – such a fruitful international week. It means that all the attempts – and lots of money have been invested in those attempts - to somehow weaken… and to cast away and sideline Georgia [have foiled] and on the contrary, those attempts boomeranged against perpetrators of those attempts,” Saakashvili said.
“This indicates on the fact that in every type of relations the truth will always prevail and good will always defeat evil. We need patience.”
“In the 21st century, nobody will last long as an occupying force on a territory of the European country. This status of an occupier has been established and support to Georgia has been strengthened. What we need now is patience, unity – and I think that our people have this unity today – and we need hard work to make Georgia stronger,” he said.
Saakashvili said that the NATO Parliamentary Assembly resolution, which mentions “occupation” and “ethnic cleansing”, was not “a minor event” and it was a result of “a huge diplomatic struggle.”
He also said that he was the only President of non-EU member state to be honored with an opportunity to address the European Parliament twice. He first addressed MEPs in November, 2006.
"It happens not because there is a special attention personally to me, but because of support of Europe and rest of the world towards Georgia," he said.
Präsident Saakashvili 'zufrieden' mit den Gesprächen mit Obama - 20.11.2010, Civil Georgia
Schon die Tatsache, dass Präsident Obama nur wenige Treffen neben dem NATO-Gipfel einplante und dabei Georgien berücksichtigte, war eine wichtige Botschaft.
President Saakashvili said the fact that President Obama’s scheduled of few bilateral meetings on sidelines of NATO Lisbon summit also included talks with his Georgian counterpart was in itself “an important message”.
“I am very satisfied with this meeting,” Saakashvili told a group of Georgian journalists in Lisbon after meeting with President Obama late on November 19 evening. “As you know this was President Obama’s only meeting here at NATO summit, apart his meetings with [Afghan] President Karzai and with the hosts [referring to Portuguese leaders] – and you know that Afghanistan tops the agenda of this summit; actually he had no other meetings here except of these ones. Of course this is already in itself an important message.”
“During the meeting the President [Obama] made an extremely supportive statements about reforms in Georgia; he assessed highly democratic and economic reforms carried out in Georgia; he demonstrated good knowledge of details of the situation [in Georgia]; not only he reiterated support to Georgia’s territorial integrity, but [also demonstrated] that they [the U.S. authorities] are working on this issue and of course [Obama expressed] support towards the path, which will lead us to the NATO membership,” Saakashvili said.
'Georgien bleibt in Afghanistan bis die Mission vollendet ist' - 19.11.2010, Civil Georgia
President Saakashvili said on November 19 that Georgia would remain committed to the Afghan mission until it's accomplished.
Saakashvili made the remarks at a meeting with Canadian Prime Minister, Stephen Harper, on a sideline of NATO summit in Lisbon.
“You know we are second biggest per capita contributors to Afghanistan in terms of numbers of troops. We have no caveats and we are fighting alongside the Americans, Canadians, with British and we are willing to stay there until the mission is accomplished,” he said.
Georgia has 950 troops in Afghanistan; five Georgian soldiers were killed in combat in two separate incidents in early and late September.
Saakashvili also said at the meeting with the Canadian PM: “We love Canada in Georgia, not only in Georgia, but in the whole region, and not only because it’s a great country but it has been paying great attention to our region. It has been outspoken in defence of values and it’s a great ally in Afghanistan."
Georgian State Minister for Euro-Atlantic Integration Issues, Giorgi Baramidze, said that Canada "is an active supporter to Georgia's NATO integration." "These relations are very important for us," he said.
Meanwhile, Georgian First Deputy Foreign Minister, Giga Bokeria, said on November 19, that Georgia was expecting that NATO summit in Lisbon would give a "firm" recommitment to its decision at the Bucharest summit in 2008 to eventual Georgian membership.
“We hope and we have a ground to hope that at this summit a very clear message will be made about future of Georgia’s NATO membership – that is a very firm reiteration of the NATO Bucharest summit decision; as you know there have been speculations on this issue and it is important to remove all the question marks about it,” Bokeria said.

Gespräch mit Nino Kalandadze - "Georgien kehrt in die europäische Familie zurück" - 18.11.2010, The European
Zwei Jahre nach dem Krieg mit Russland bekräftigt die stellvertretende Außenministerin Georgiens den Reformwillen ihres Landes. Mit Martin Eiermann sprach sie über die Rechte ethnischer Minderheiten und die Hinwendung zur EU. ...

Georgien begrüßt eine Resolution der Parlamentarischen Versammlung der NATO (NATO-PV) - 16.11.2010, Civil Georgia
Darin wird von "besetzten Gebieten" und "ethnischer Säuberung" gesprochen.
Georgia welcomed a resolution passed by the NATO Parliamentary Assembly on November 16 in particular the part of the document, which refers to Abkhazia and South Ossetia as "occupied territories".
The NATO Parliamentary Assembly, which unites lawmakers from the alliance member states and associate delegates from NATO partner countries, including from Georgia and Russia, adopted at its session in Warsaw on November 16 a non-binding resolution on the situation in Georgia. ...

Präsident Saakashvili: Georgische Eigenstaatlichkeit ist ein 'Alptraum' für Russland - 15.11.2010, Civil Georgia
    * He said compromise - the worst enemy of reforms.
Georgia’s success in building a modern state in the Caucasus region is “the greatest nightmare” for “our ill-wishers”, President Saakashvili said on November 14.
He said Georgians had in “genes this longing for creating the modern state"
“For them [referring to Russia] Georgians are the most independent-minded people… who are now creating the state, which is more affective and successful state than theirs – that is the greatest nightmare they can ever imagine,” Saakashvili said.
“If Georgia managed to do that, the entire Caucasus will also be able to do that – that’s the greatest catastrophe they [Russia] can [imagine],” he added.
Saakashvili was speaking in Kvareli in eastern region of Kakheti, before a group of World Bank and IFC senior staff, which was in Georgia for its internal training purposes.
He said Georgia’s reforms were a success story, because it was driven not by an individual leader, but by the entire team of strongly motivated leaders.
“We are saying that we are European, democratic Singapore. Singapore – it was one leader’s success story. In case of Georgia it is not a success story of a separate individual leader; Georgia is a galaxy of leaders,” he said.
Asked what the difference between Georgia and Ukraine after their Rose and Orange revolutions, respectively, was in respect of reforms, Saakashvili responded: “Difference with Ukraine is that we have not made any compromises.”
“Compromises are the worst that can happen to reforms… We have carried out reforms simultaneously into all directions without making compromises and wherever we made compromises, personally I then regretted about it,” Saakashvili said.

Innenminister Merabishvili zu russischen Militärbarracken an der südossetischen Verwaltungsgrenze und Agententätigkeit gegen Georgien : "That's the base where subversive actions, political and economic destabilization and banditry is being planned against Georgia." - 14.11.2010, Civil Georgia
'Nichts ist ausgeschlossen, aber ich träume nicht von irgendeiner Position'
Das Interview mit Imedi TV war eines der seltenen, welches der Innenminister den georgischen Medien gegeben hat. Er gilt als die einflußreichste Person in Präsident Saakashvili's Regierung:
* 'War can't be lost against corrupt country';
* 'Doors open for North Caucasian friends';
* 'No Intention to Irritate Russia';
* Computer game 'Police'
Georgian Interior Minister, Vano Merabishvili, said he was not yet thinking about what his political career might be under the new constitutional system, when PM becomes key figure in the country.
In an interview with the Georgian television station, Imedi, Merabishvili said: "Nothing is ruled out, but I am not dreaming about taking any post."
"I am not thinking about which ministry or direction might be interesting for me; my everyday work does not leave me enough time to think about it... I do not deem it appropriate to think about it now; two years in Georgia is a long period... Things change so fast, developments are so dynamic... and it is impossible to make predictions for two years ahead", he said.
Then the interviewer narrowed down the question - although not further enough to directly ask if he was eying prime ministerial post - and asked if he was "thinking about elections" in 2012.
"No, I do not think about the elections," Merabishvili responded.
Georgia will have new constitutional system starting from late 2013, wherein most of the presidential powers will be transfered to Prime Minister; at the time Prime Minister will be elected by the Parliament, elected in the 2012 elections. Although there are widespread speculation in Georgia that President Saakashvili, whose second and final term in office will expire in late 2013, himself is eying for the prime ministerial post, some have also suggested that Vano Merabishvili might be aiming at the post.
The interview with Imedi TV, which was recorded few days ago and aired on November 13, was the rare one given to the Georgian media by the Interior Minister, regarded to be the most influential figure in President Saakashvili's administration. Opponents say Merabishvili's influence goes far beyond his professional duties as head of the ministry, which in itself is a powerful agency also incorporating security services.
In the interview Merabishvili, on the one hand, tried to downplay widespread notion that he exerts powers on decisions beyond his official competences, but on the other hand, he also said: "Decisions, which may not involve the Interior Ministry, are rare."
Imedi TV's 85-minute long program about Merabishvili incorporated a recorded sit-down interview with him, preceded by journalist's conversation with him in the minister's office and at various locations, including a construction site of one of the police stations in Tbilisi, which like other newly built police stations and like the Interior Ministry's headquarters itself is a glass building demonstrating, as Merabishvili says, transparency of the Georgian police.
'War Can't Be Lost Against Corrupt Country'
One of the locations where the journalist accompanied Merabishvili was at the breakaway South Ossetia's administrative border, close to Akhalgori from where Russian military barracks are seen on the other side of the dividing line.
"That's the base where subversive actions, political and economic destabilization and banditry is being planned against Georgia," Merabishvili said looking in direction of the Russian troops' barracks. "Of course efficiency of thier [efforts] is not very high, because of active work of our police and counter-intelligence - thier major problem, however, is corruption and lack of interest of thier [Russia's] officers to defend Russia's interests; but we still need to work hard to foil plans of, although ineffective but numerous, aggressors and our adversaries."
"It is impossible for the country, where there is freedom and where the police is loved by the people, to lose the war against the force, where there is corruption, no human rights, no free economy... and from where soldiers are fleeing to sought asylum on our side," the Interior Minister said.
'Opened Door for North Caucasian Friends'
Georgia's decision to impose 90-day visa-free travel rules for Russian citizens residing in the North Caucasus has not created any threat to Georgia, Merabishvili said.
"This is a door, opened to Georgia's friends. We have enough resources to foil any attempt of aggression against Georgia. Moreover, this gate [referring to possibility to cross Zemo Larsi-Kazbegi border crossing point without visa] allows us to gather more information and to carry out more surveillance on our adversary; hence, allowing us to prevent thier subversive or other acts [against Georgia]," he said.
'No Intention to Irritate Russia'
Asked whether the Interior Ministry's decision to withhold till November 5 release of first official information about the capture of alleged Russian spies was related to the fact that the Russian military intelligence marks its professional day on that date, Merabishvili responded, that it was also a factor, but not the main reason.
He said it took some time before preparing all the materials in order to provide "good" media coverage of the case. Rustavi 2 television station aired a documentary about the case late on November 5.
Merabishvili said, that major reason behind providing high publicity to the exposure of the spy network was to warn and discourage those Georgian citizens, who still keep links with the Russian intelligence.
"Our goal was not to irritate Russia; vector [of this move] was not at all directed towards Russia," he said.
Computer Game 'Police'
Merabishvili also said that a team of software engineers and programmers, contracted by the Interior Ministry, was developing the first ever Georgian computer game, "Police", in which players will take part in virtual hunt down of criminals and Russian spies. The game will also be available in English for worldwide audience, the Interior Minister said.
He also said that although himself a computer savvy, he did not have a Facebook account and several accounts existing under his name on the social networking site did not belonged to him.

Survey on Russian politics - 13.11.10, Rustavi 2
47% of the Russian population believes there is no democracy in Russia, the sociological survey published by Levada-Center says.
According to the survey, the Russian population is getting less and less interested in politics.
The results of the survey show that 64% of the population of Russia are not interested in politics at all, 16% thinks the political life in the country is developing into anarchy, while 13% thinks authoritarianism is going to be established.
The Levada-Center carried out the survey in Russia`s 44 regions.

Präsident Saakashvili trifft den iranischen Außenminister Mottaki - 04.11.2010, Civil Georgia
* Saakashvili 'concerned' over Sakineh Ashtiani's case;
* 'Studies of Persian language will deepen in Georgia';
* 'Iran's support to Georgia's territorial integrity important'
Iran's Foreign Minister, Manouchehr Mottaki, met with President Saakashvili on November 4 before concluding his two-day visit to Georgia.
Saakashvili and Mottaki "discussed bilateral and international issues. The sides emphasized the importance of cooperation in the field of tourism, people-to-people contacts and youth exchanges between the two countries," the Georgian President's administration said in a statement after the meeting.
"It was decided during the meeting that studies of Persian language and Iranian history and culture will deepen in Georgia."
"The President of Georgia stressed the significance of the Iranian government's support to the sovereignty and territorial integrity of Georgia."
"President Saakashvili expressed support for further dialogue and official contacts and development of legal instruments between Georgia and Iran," the President's administration said.
It also said that Saakashvili stressed the importance of talks between P5+1 (Britain, China, France, Russia, the U.S. and Germany) and Iran over the latter's nuclear program.
Saakashvili expressed "concern" over the faith of an Iranian woman, who could be stoned to death for adultery. The Iranian Foreign Minister said at a news conference in Tbilisi on November 3, that no final decision had been made yet about Sakineh Mohammadi Ashtiani's case.
Also on November 4 the Iranian Foreign Minister inaugurated Iran's consular office in Georgia's Black Sea resort of Batumi.

Philip Gordon spoke about Georgia with BBC - 11.11.10, Rustavi 2
US assistant secretary of state for Europe and Eurasian affairs, Philip Gordon spoke about US policy towards Georgia and Russia in the interview with the BBC program Hard Talk.
The host put questions about the occupation of Georgia`s breakaway regions of Abkhazia and South Ossetia by Russia. Philip Gordon said the differences on the issue of Georgia remained unchanged between the United States and the Russian Federation; the issue was open for discussion and that the US administration always voices this position.
`We insist that the terms of the August 12 ceasefire agreement be expected, we recognize Georgia sovereignty and integrity. We are absolutely clear with Russia, we disagree on Georgia. Secretary went to Georgia over the July 4th weekend and she made clear that we want to see an end to Russian occupation and that we stand by Georgia`s sovereignty and territorial integrity,` Philip Gordon said.

Survey shows mistrust to Russian militia - 11.11.10, Rustavi 2
Sixty percent of the interviewed Russians have disapproved the work of Russian militia. Levada Centre carried out survey on October 22-25 in Russia, but published only today, on the day of Russian militia.
60% of the respondents disapprove the militia reform and say that officers keep on taking bribe and extorting money from citizens.
When questioned - what is the goal of the Russian militia, half of the interviewees said that the law enforcers worked only for their personal goals and interests and thought less about the protection and security of Russian citizens.

People in Akhalgori face new problems - 09.11.10, Rustavi 2
Russian occupants have reinforced control on the checkpoints along the boundary line in the occupied Akhalgori district, Shida Kartli, Georgia. Those who do not have a new document issued by the occupant regime called form #9 with them, they are prohibited to travel towards Tbilisi. Soon they will prohibit travelling from Georgian controlled territories towards Akhalgori without the aforementioned document.
From 2011, the occupant regime plans to begin issuing so-called Ossetian passports and if anybody residing beyond the boundary line does not have the passport, they will be evicted from their houses and the region.
Georgian lawmakers have assessed the fact as violation of the rights of Georgian citizens. The committee of foreign relations of the parliament has been instructed to inform international organizations and the ministry of foreign affairs in this regard.

Iranischer Außenminister Mottaki auf ‘historischem’ Besuch in Georgien - 03.11.2010, Civil Georgia
# Visa-free travel agreement signed;
# Iran to open consular office in Batumi;
# Mottaki: ‘historic visit’ marked by milestone events;
# Vashadze: ‘there should be zero problems in relations’;
# Vashadze: ‘firm decision is to have bilateral cooperation’;
# Vashadze comments on Iran’s nuclear program
Tbilisi and Tehran have “firmly” decided to have bilateral cooperation, which will be good for the entire region, Georgian Foreign Minister, Grigol Vashadze, said after meeting with his Iranian counterpart in Tbilisi on November 3.
Iranian Foreign Minister, Manouchehr Mottaki, who started his two-day visit to Georgia on November 3, signed with his Georgian counterpart visa-free travel agreement between the two countries.
Mottaki will travel to Georgia’s Black Sea resort of Batumi on November 4 to formally open Iran’s consular office.
Speaking at a joint news conference with his Georgian counterpart on Wednesday evening, Mottaki described his visit as “historic”, saying that reopening of Iran’s consular office in Batumi, about 80 years after it was closed down there, and signing of visa-free travel agreement were milestone events in the bilateral relations, which will help to boost economic cooperation and “traditional, histories” ties between the two people. The agreement on visa-free travel will go into force after it is ratified by the parliaments of the two countries.
“We had very constructive and fruitful negotiations… We have discussed bilateral relations, as well as regional and international issues,” Mottaki said.
“There is a decision to broaden our economic cooperation and if we look at statistics we will see, that these relations in various spheres have been doubled against previous years,” he said.
Mottaki said that close ties between Iran and Georgia would help “to link the Black Sea with the Persian Gulf”, which would be beneficial for the economies of the both countries.
“I want to stress, that both of the countries firmly believe, that there should be zero problems in relations between the neighboring countries. At the same time I want to note that Georgia-Iran economic relations made a big jump recently,” Grigol Vashadze, the Georgian Foreign Minister, said.
Iran is not in the list of Georgia’s key trading partners. Trade turnover between Georgia and Iran declined by 41.5% y/y in 2009 to USD 36.3 million. The figure reached USD 41.4 million in the first nine months of 2010, according to the Georgian state statistics office.
When asked about the political aspects of bilateral cooperation, the Georgian Foreign Minister responded: “Our firm decision is to have bilateral cooperation and this cooperation is good for Georgia, is good for Iran, is good for region, is good generally for political climate.”
The Iranian Foreign Minister said that developments in the Caucasus “are very important” for Tehran.
“Territorial integrity is one of the principles on which cooperation between the states should be based. We hope that problems in the region will be resolved through peaceful means,” Mottaki said.
“Iran has always been expressing its readiness to play its role in resolving regional problems,” he added.
The Georgian Foreign Minister said that he was “grateful to the Iranian people and the Iranian government for their position about Georgia’s sovereignty and its territorial integrity.”
On Iran’s nuclear program Vashadze said that Iran had a right to have a peaceful nuclear program, but it also had obligations.
“Iran is a member state of the non-proliferation treaty and has all legal rights to have a peaceful nuclear program and while having those rights there are obligations too for each and every member state when it comes to the International Atomic Energy Agency [IAEA] and under those procedures and norms all nuclear facilities, not only in this region, but elsewhere in the world should be under firm control of this Agency,” Vashadze said.
He said Tbilisi was “absolutely happy” about the proposed talks between P5-plus-1 and Iran, because “it will be good for Iran, for the international community, for IAEA and for this region too.”
P5-plus-1 refers to five permanent members of the UN Security Council – Britain, China, France, Russia, the U.S. – plus Germany.

20 AGENTEN IN TBILISI VERHAFTET
Innenminister Merabishvili zu russischen Militärbarracken an der südossetischen Verwaltungsgrenze und Agententätigkeit gegen Georgien : "That's the base where subversive actions, political and economic destabilization and banditry is being planned against Georgia." - 14.11.2010, Civil Georgia
Präsident Saakashvili im Zusammenhang mit der Agentenaffäre: ‘Wir wollen keine Konfrontation mit irgend jemandem; wir verteidigen uns selbst.’ - 09.11.2010, Civil Georgia
President Saakashvili awarded on November 9 Georgian counter-intelligence officers, who were part of the operation to uncover, as the President put it, “spy network of Georgia’s occupant country” and said that Tbilisi was ready for talks with Moscow if the latter demonstrated “good will”.
“This operation was very important, important because our country is obviously under permanent pressure and threat of permanent destabilization attempts… We defend ourselves, and our counter-intelligence agents are on the forefront of this self-defense,” Saakashvili said at the meeting with the Interior Ministry leadership. "A real monster is in struggle against us."
“I would like to thank you and wish you further success in your attempts to stop the actions and tricks of Georgia's enemy... We’ve managed to create small, but efficient counter-intelligence service.”
“We do not want confrontation with anyone; we defend ourselves. If Russia shows good will and decides to launch negotiations with us, Georgia will always be ready for that. If we are talked to as a sovereign state, which has its democratically elected government, we will be ready for [talks] without any preconditions like we have always been,” he added.
TV-Dokumentation über 'russisches Agentennetzwerk' in Rustavi 2 - 06.11.2010, Civil Georgia
Georgia's most watched television station, Rustavi 2, aired during prime time on November 5 a documentary about alleged Russian spy network, which the Georgian Interior Ministry said, had operated in Georgia for years until it was uncovered last month.
The first reports about the arrest of individuals suspected of spying for Russia emerged last week. The first official announcement came only a week later on November 5; meantime, Rustavi 2 was airing a trailer of its planned documentary about, what it called, "“total fiasco of the Russian intelligence”.
Rustavi 2 TV, regarded as a pro-governmental nationwide broadcaster, was given an exclusive access not only to case files but was also able to film arrest of some alleged spies in Batumi on October 15.
The 30-minute documentary centers on a double agent with a code name 'Enveri', who, according to the Georgian Interior Ministry, played a key role in obtaining the Russian military intelligence's encryption materials through which, it said, it became possible to expose the alleged spy network.
The double agent, interviewed in dark studio, so that to hide his face, on a background of some Soviet symbols, was speaking in Russian saying that in late 1980s he served for the Soviet military intelligence in Georgia's port town of Poti.
According to the Interior Ministry in 2006, when major spy row erupted between Russia and Georgia after Tbilisi arrested four Russian military officers on espionage charges, number of Georgian citizens turned themselves in admitting having links with the Russian intelligence. At the time the authorities promised amnesty for those who would have voluntarily reported about links with the foreign intelligence.
According to the documentary, the trend showed alarming scales of the Russian intelligence operations in Georgia prompting the Georgian counter-intelligence to find someone who could have been planted inside the network. The former Soviet army officer was selected, according to the documentary.
"I was hesitant initially, but eventually agreed as I have always been in service of my homeland - if at first it was the Soviet Union, then it was Georgia," the double agent with code name 'Enveri' says in the documentary.
He said, that under the pretext of wanting to retrieve his pension as a former Soviet army officer, he contacted his "old acquaintances" in the Russian military intelligence and arranged a meeting in a Russian town close to the Ukrainian border. According to the documentary there he met with three operatives from the Russian military intelligence (GRU - Glavnoye Razvedovatelnoye Upravlenie), including one with name Sergey Akimov. The operatives, he said, trained him in how to use specially developed spy hardware and special software for exchange of encrypted information.
After three days of "extensive training", the double agent, before departure back to Georgia, met with Yuri Zhilin, described in the documentary as chief GRU operative in Russia's Krasnodar region.
After that, according to the documentary, he was regularly exchanging messages with GRU in a form of encrypted texts, image and music files mainly via e-mail. Encoding of such files, according to the documentary, required multiple passwords and software. In the process, according to the documentary, it also became possible to identify dozens of other Georgian citizens working for the Russian intelligence and in addition at least one GRU liaison officer was also identified - the Russian citizen, Yuri Skrilnikov, according to the Interior Ministry.
According to the documentary Skrilnikov arrived in Georgia in May, 2010 for a meeting with the double agent, but he was detained by the Georgian counter-intelligence. What the documentary does not mention is that Skrilnikov was formally charged with currency forgery; another Russian citizen and one Georgian citizen were also arrested together with him - all of them worked for the Russian military based in Batumi before it was finally closed down in November, 2007.
It was reported in mid-October that court in Batumi found him guilty of currency forgery and sentenced him on October 7 to 18 years in prison. At the time the Russian Foreign Ministry condemned the verdict as "yet another provocation against the Russian citizen" who in the past served in the Russian military base in Batumi. Skrilnikov is among those 13 persons, who, the Georgian Interior Ministry said on November 5, were arrested on spying charges.
The double agent says in the documentary that his Russian minders were "very much interested" in information related to western warships' port calls in Georgia, training courses carried out by Georgia's western partners for the Georgian forces, defense plan of the ports, structure of the Georgian land forces and thier location. He said all the information he was sending to his Russian handlers was approved by the Georgian intelligence.
In the documentary a pilot of the Mi-8 army helicopter, who is among six Georgian military pilots charged with spying, says that during the August, 2008 war he informed his Russian handlers that Georgian helicopters were probably hidden in the Borjomi gorge. He said the wildfire, which erupted in the gorge, destroying over 200 hectares of forest there during the war, was probably a result of the information he provided to the Russian intelligence.
In the end of the documentary narrator says that the operation against the Russian spy networks, "which was unprecedented in our country's history, enters into the new phase." It was then followed with an announcement made by deputy head of the Interior Ministry's counter-intelligence unit reiterating the authorities' promise guaranteeing amnesty for those who will voluntarily report about thier links with the foreign intelligence services.
Georgien zerschlägt russischen Spionagering
- 05.11.2010, Welt
... Die georgische Spionageabwehr enttarnte den Ring nach eigenen Angaben durch einen Agenten im russischen Verteidigungsministerium. Der frühere Sowjetoffizier habe die Liste mit den Klarnamen sowie umfangreiche Computerdateien an die georgischen Behörden übergeben. ...
TV wird Film ausstrahlen über das ‘Fiasko des russischen Agentennetzwerkes’ - 02.11.2010, Civil Georgia
Georgia’s nationwide broadcaster, Rustavi 2, aired promotional video of an upcoming documentary about, as it put it, “total fiasco of the Russian intelligence”.
The 40-second promo, first aired on November 1, provides some hints indicating that the documentary will apparently be about reported arrest of a group of Georgian citizens allegedly working for the Russian intelligence.
The promo mentions “18 spies”, although it was initially reported that 20 persons were arrested on suspicion of spying for Russia.
“Rustavi 2 presents documentary film ‘Enveri’; Russian intelligence taken by Georgia’s bait; methods through which the Russian intelligence operates throughout the world; the largest spy network has been exposed; total fiasco of the Russian intelligence; on Rustavi 2 soon”, the promo says.
Rustavi 2 TV, usually used for leaking official information, was non-committal when contacted for comment on the upcoming film.
Russisches Außenministerium: Moskau habe keine Kenntnisse zu Details bezüglich der Verhaftung von ‘Agenten’ - 30.10.2010, Civil Georgia
Russia is not aware of details of reported arrest by Georgia twenty of its citizens on suspicion of spying for Moscow, Russia’s Foreign Minister, Sergey Lavrov, said on October 30.
“As far as I know, we are talking about the Georgian citizens. We do not know anything but that,” Lavrov, who is Hanoi, was quoted by the Russian news agencies.
News about the arrest of alleged spies in Georgia was reported by Reuters on Friday evening, citing unnamed Georgian security sources. The Georgian Interior Ministry declines to confirm or deny the report and no official comment on the matter is expected until next week.
The Russian daily, Kommersant, reported quoting a Russian Foreign Ministry representative: “We have seen reports about alleged arrest of spies. But as far as there are no diplomatic relations between the two countries because of Tbilisi’s initiative, it is impossible for us to promptly find out what has happened. What is important and to what we have paid our attention is that the Georgian citizens are mentioned; so one should address the Georgian authorities for clarification.”
According to the Reuter’s report all the detainees are suspected of creating a spy network in Georgia and delivering secret information to Russia. It was reported in the Georgian media sources on October 30, that the detainees are also suspected of gathering sensitive information about procurements by the Interior Ministry and Ministry of Defense.
Georgia arrests 20 suspected Russian spies - 30.10.2010, independent.co.uk
By William Dunbar in Tbilisi
Georgia has arrested twenty people on suspicion of spying for Russia, it was reported last night. Citing an anonymous source in the security services, Reuters said that the detainees, all of whom are Georgian citizens, are suspected of being part of a spy ring that passed secrets to Moscow. A source in Georgia's ruling National Movement, speaking on condition of anonymity, confirmed that the arrests had taken place. ...
Nach Berichten sollen 20 russische Agenten festgenommen worden sein - 28.10.2010, Civil Georgia
Reuters reported on Friday evening, citing unnamed Georgian security sources, that 20 people have been arrested on suspicion of spying for Russia.
According to the report detainees, all Georgian citizens, are suspected of creating a spy network and delivering secret information to Russia.
Details remain sketchy and the Interior Ministry representative declined to comment.
“We do not comment on the matter; I can neither confirm nor deny [the report],” Shota Utiashvili, head of the information and analytical department of the Georgian Interior Ministry, told Civil.ge

"Russland wird sich bei Georgien bewegen" - 27.10.2010, derStandard
STANDARD-Gespräch mit Grigol Waschadse, Außenminister von Georgien:
... "Die Lage ist für uns sehr schmerzlich. 500.000 Menschen sind vertrieben aus ihrem eigenen Land", erklärt er, "aber auch für Russland selbst ist sie unangenehm. Es hat in Georgien ein Problem für ganz Europa geschaffen." ...

Moskau in der Frage um die WTO-Mitgliedschaft: "sozusagen eine kreative Lösung" müsse zum Einsatz kommen, um Georgiens Einwände zu beseitigen - 20.10.2010, Civil Georgia
USA führen Gespräche mit Russland: Russland's Bewerbung um die Mitgliedschaft könne noch in diesem Jahr erfolgreich abgearbeitet werden. Die georgische Position in dieser Sache sei während der "enorm konstruktiven" Gespräche angesprochen worden.
Moscow recognizes that “some sort of creative solution” needs to be applied to remove Georgia’s objection to Russia’s WTO membership, an economic adviser to U.S. President Barack Obama said on October 20, without elaborating how the issue can be resolved.
Lawrence Summers, an outgoing director of President Obama’s National Economic Council, who held talks with Russian officials in Moscow, said that Russia’s bid to join WTO may be successfully completed within a year.
He also said that Georgia’s position on the matter was raised during his “enormously constructive” talks with Russia’s First Deputy Prime Minister, Igor Shuvalov, Reuters reported.
Georgian senior officials, including PM Nika Gilauri, have reiterated for number of times recently, that Georgia supports Russia’s WTO accession, but with one condition – Russia should follow WTO rules, they said.
In particular, the Georgian officials say that they want Russia to make customs checkpoints located in Abkhazia and South Ossetia, two breakaway regions which Russia has recognized as independent states, "transparent".
Georgian State Minister for Reintegration, Temur Iakobashvili, told journalists on October 20, that Georgia was ready to consider any proposal on how to resolve dispute on Russia’s WTO entry, provided that “the principles are observed.”
“Georgia has reasonable position. We demand from Russia to follow the rules of the organization, which it wants to join. We are ready to discuss any proposals, which Russia or the United States may offer. The important thing here is that the principle should be observed,” he said.
The White House announced earlier this month that the U.S. and Russia made the "substantial progress" in resolving bilateral issues and that Russia had taken "significant steps" toward joining WTO.
"President Obama pledged to support Russia's efforts to complete remaining steps in multilateral negotiations so that Russia could join the WTO as soon as possible," the White House said in a statement after a phone conversation between the Russian and U.S. Presidents on October 1.

RUSSISCHER ABZUG AUS DEM DORF PEREVI
Tskhinvali sagt, der Abzug aus dem Dorf Perevi sei 'voreilig' - 21.10.2010, Civil Georgia
It was "premature" to remove the Russian checkpoint from the village of Perevi, as construction of alternative road linking nearby South Ossetian village with the rest of region is not yet completed, an official from the breakaway region said. ...
Georgien verurteilt Moskau's "zynische" Haltung zum Sechs-Punkte-Abkommen - 20.10.2010, Civil Georgia
* Sarkozy calls for non-use of force commitment;
Russia said that with removal of its outpost from the village of Perevi the issue of "alleged non-compliance" with EU-mediated ceasefire agreement by Moscow had been "definitively closed."
“We hope that this move of the Russian side, aimed at reducing tensions on the borders of Georgia and South Ossetia, will receive adequate and constructive response from the Georgian side and the international community,” the Russian Foreign Ministry said in a statement on October 19.
Tbilisi said Russia’s statement was “yet another cynical attempt” to avoid full implementation of its commitments under the August 12, 2008 six-point ceasefire agreement, which, among other issues, envisages pull back of the Russian troops on the pre-August war positions.
Georgia says that withdrawal from Perevi is only a tiny part of Russia’s commitments and, as Georgian Deputy Foreign Minister, Giga Bokeria put it, Perevi was only less than 1% of Georgia’s occupied territories. ...
EU begrüßt den russischen Abzug aus dem Dorf Perevi - 19.10.2010, Civil Georgia
EU foreign policy chief, Catherine Ashton, welcomed removal of Russian checkpoint from the village of Perevi just outside breakaway South Ossetia as “a positive development on the ground.”
“I look forward to further progress towards the full implementation of the EU-brokered Six Point Agreement of 12 August 2008 and its Implementing Measures of 8 September 2008,” Ashton said in a statement on October 18.
She said that EU Monitoring Mission in Georgia (EUMM) was in contact with the Russian and Georgian authorities “to ensure that the withdrawal is carried out in an orderly and peaceful manner.”
“I call on all parties to make real efforts towards further normalisation on the ground and to continue engaging in dialogue as the only means to address the consequences of the conflict, including the humanitarian situation," Ashton said. ...
Russische Soldaten ziehen aus dem Dorf Perevi bei Südossetien ab - 18.10.2010, Civil Georgia
Georgien sagt, dass sei "ein Schritt in die richtige Richtung".
Russian troops pulled back from a small village of Perevi at the western part of administrative border of breakaway South Ossetian on Monday evening.
Georgia said the withdrawal was "a step made in the right direction."
"The de-occupation of each village is of outmost importance for Georgia and especially for the population residing in those villages," the Georgian Foreign Ministry said in a statement on October 18.
"However, it should be emphasized that the withdrawal of Russian occupational forces from Perevi is just a miniscule step in comparison with commitments envisaged by the ceasefire agreement of 12 August 2008 which Russia still has to comply with," it said.
Russian forces in the village were controlling a small local road, which was linking a nearby South Ossetian village to the rest of the breakaway region. Russian Deputy Foreign Minister, Grigory Karasin, said on October 14, when the announcement about the intention to pull out from Perevi was made, that Russian border guard troops, had built a new route alternative to the one running through Perevi and Russian forces were ready to withdraw.
The village of Perevi administratively falls under the Sachkhere district and was the only area outside the administrative borders of breakaway South Ossetia, which remained under the Russian control following the August, 2008 war. In December, 2008 Russian troops briefly pulled back from the village, but re-entered and re-installed checkpoints there only hours after the withdrawal. Russia cited a prompt deployment of the Georgian Interior Ministry forces in Perevi as a reason behind the decision to retake control over the village. ...
Russ. Außenministerium: Russische Truppen werden aus dem Dorf Perevi in ‘naher Zukunft’ abzuiehen - 15.10.2010, Civil Georgia
Russian Deputy Foreign Minister, Grigory Karasin, said after thirteenth round of Geneva talks on October 14 that Russia would withdraw its troops from the village of Perevi in the “nearest future” as “an act of good will.
“The Russian Federation has prepared and will withdraw the Russian border guard troops in the nearest future from the village of Perevi, which is located on geographically disputed territory,” Itar-Tass news agency reported quoting Karasin said. ...

NEUE VERFASSUNG VERABSCHIEDET
With New Basic Law, Georgia Leader Appears to Cement Role - 15.10.2010, Wall Street Journal
... The changes curtail the powers of Georgia's president and boost those of the prime minister. Critically, the president will no longer be able to dismiss the government, while the prime minister will now head the executive branch, taking responsibility for naming cabinet members and setting day-to-day government policy.  ...
Neue Verfassung wurde verabschiedet - 15.10.2010, Civil Georgia
Parliament passed on October 15 with 112 votes to five amendments to the constitution with its third and final reading, which will significantly reduce powers of next president in favor of PM and the government.
This is the second time in last six years when the constitutional system has been revamped; the existing system, which was introduced in 2004, concentrated most of the powers in the hands of the President.
The new constitution will go into force upon the inauguration of the next president, who will be elected in the elections in October, 2013. The initial draft envisaged new constitution's enforcement from December 1, 2013, but the provision was amended and it now says that the new system will go into force as soon as the new president is sworn.
The final version of the text, passed on October 15, includes some other important amendments as well.
One involves provision dealing with eligibility for presidential candidacy. According to the adopted text a citizen of Georgia - and not natural born citizen as it was initially envisaged in the text adopted with second reading - who is at least 35 years old and has lived in Georgia for at least 5 years - instead of initial version of 15 years - and lived permanently in Georgia for last three years at the time of elections will be eligible to run for presidency.
Another change involves reducing by 5 days timeframe of last stage of non-confidence vote – the stage which comes in case of the presidential veto on prime ministerial nomination. The process of non-confidence may take 45 or 55 days, or in case of the presidential veto on prime ministerial nominee 77 days or it even take maximum 92 days. In the very initial draft this process could have taken maximum of 127 days.
Lawmakers from the Christian-Democratic Movement, which is a leading party in the parliamentary minority group, voted in favor of the new constitution. A handful of remaining opposition lawmakers, who are not members of any parliamentary group, was against.
Schlüsselpunkte der neu verabschiedeten Verfassung - 15.10.2010, Civil Georgia
Parliament passed on October 15 amendments to the constitution with its third and final reading, which will significantly reduce powers of next president in favor of PM and the government.
The new constitution will go into force upon the inauguration of the next president, who is scheduled to be elected in October, 2013.
As soon as the new constitution goes into force in 2013, the government existing at the time will resign to give way to the Parliament, elected in 2012, to compose the new government.
Below are key points of Georgia's new constitution: ...

Bagapsh: Russlands Öl-Gigant Rosneft wird bald mit der Erkundung der abchasischen Schwarzmeerküste beginnen - 14.10.2010, Civil Georgia
Im September 2008 hatte US-Außenministerin Condoleezza Rice Russland aufgerufen, nicht mit der Erkundung von Ressourcen in Abchasien zu beginnen.
Rosneft, Russia's state oil giant, will soon launch oil exploration works off Abkhazia's Black Sea coast, Abkhaz leader, Sergey Bagapsh, said.
“They are actually already starting it,” Bagapsh said in an interview with the Russian daily, Kommersant, published on October 13, adding that Russia's largest oil producer was now delivering equipment necessary for the works.
Rosneft and Sokhumi signed an agreement in 2009 according to which the Russian state company obtained the rights for offshore explorations and for development of oil and gas fields there.
At the time the deal was condemned by Tbilisi as “a clear and gross violation of the norms of the international law as well as the Georgian legislation.”
Abkhaz opposition was criticizing the plans, citing environmental concerns. Bagapsh, however, said in the interview with the Kommersant that all the Black Sea countries were working on exploration of their offshore areas and Abkhazia would not be an exception.
He said that according to Soviet-old exploration data offshore oil deposits were mainly located in area between Sokhumi and Gagra.
In September, 2008, then U.S. Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice called on Russia not to “start exploring for resources” in Abkhazia.

Maler Andro Wekua für den bedeutenden Preis der Nationalgalerie nominiert - 10.2010, Zeit
In Berlin sind vier junge Künstler für den bedeutenden Preis der Nationalgalerie nominiert worden. ... Während Kraus, Lidén und Gaillard sich in ihren konzeptuellen Herangehensweisen letztlich nicht unähnlich sind, sticht der 1977 in Georgien geborene Andro Wekua mit seinen surreal verträumten Gemälden und Installationen aus dieser Nominierungsliste heraus. In seiner "expressiv überzeichneten" Kunst, so steht es im kurzen Begründungstext der Jury, würden Geschichten angedeutet, die ins Leere laufen. Ob die Menschen Wekua bei diesem recht bombastischen Leerlauf zuschauen mögen, bleibt fraglich. ...

EU-Kommissar für Menschenrechte Thomas Hammarberg ruft zur Freilassung in Tskhinvali gefangen gehaltener Georgier auf - 07.10.2010, Civil Georgia
Council of Europe’s Human Rights Commissioner, Thomas Hammarberg, called on Tskhinvali to release all Georgians held in detention since the August, 2008 war.
“These persons should be released and immediate steps should be taken to allow them to join their families,” Hammarberg said in a report released on October 7, addressing implementation of six principles for ensuring human rights and humanitarian protection in war-affected areas.
Hammarberg, who has helped secure release of number of detained persons from the both sides, submitted in March, 2010 to Tbilisi and Tskhinvali a memorandum calling for the release of all detainees without delay and “without step-by-step conditionality or ‘bargaining’ based on head-counting.”
In late March the Georgian side released all six persons remaining in detention in Tbilisi – those who were arrested after the August war, in particular in a period between October 2008 and January 2010.
The move was followed in May by Tskhinvali’s release of six, out of thirteen Georgians, held by the South Ossetian side after the August war.
The CoE Human Rights Commissioner welcomed these steps by the sides, as well as the fact that “hardly any prolonged detentions have occurred since the memorandum was submitted to the sides.”
“However, the Commissioner notes with concern that a number of persons remain deprived of their liberty in Tskhinvali,” Hammarberg said in the report. “The Commissioner is particularly concerned that some of the detainees in Tskhinvali are in bad health, and urges the relevant decision-makers to treat these cases as a matter of priority on humanitarian grounds.”
In the same report, the Commissioner called once again on the sides “to demonstrate that they have taken every possible step to clarify the fate of the missing persons and the circumstances of each disappearance.”
A separate report detailing several cases of missing persons was released by the Commissioner on September 29. In one case, involving disappearance of three young ethnic Ossetians in October, 2008, the report suggests that the three persons disappeared after being detained by the Georgian police.
The report was criticized by the Georgian Interior Ministry official as “biased”. Shota Utiashvili, head of the information and analytical department of the Interior Ministry told RFE/RL’s Russian-language service, Ekho Kavkaza, that it was disappointing that the report fails to shed a light on fate of missing Georgians. He also said that Tbilisi was disappointed that the Commissioner’s efforts did not result in release of all Georgians held in Tskhinvali.

Ausstellung mit Fotos aus einem georgischen Dorf - 06.10.2010, Südwest Presse
Fotografien von Lisa Biedlingmaier werden ab kommender Woche unter dem Titel "Maschavera" im Roten Saal des Donzdorfer Schlosses ausgestellt. Bei der Eröffnung am Sonntag ab 11 Uhr sprechen Donzdorfs Bürgermeister Martin Stölzle und die Kunsthistorikerin Annette Blattmacher.
Der titelgebende Maschavera ist ein Bergfluss, der sich um das Dorf Kasreti im südlichen Georgien windet. Man erzählt sich, dass zwei Schwestern - Mascha und Vera - darin ertrunken seien. Diese und andere Geschichten greift Biedlingmaier auf, um ein Porträt des Dorfes, in dem sie bis zu ihrem 13. Lebensjahr aufwuchs, fotografisch zu inszenieren. ...

Stephan Wackwitz - Von Amerika nach Georgien - 06.10.10, MZ
Der Schriftsteller und Germanist Stephan Wackwitz erhält am Sonnabend den mit 15 000 Euro dotierten Wilhelm-Müller-Literaturpreis des Landes Sachsen-Anhalt. Wackwitz, 1952 in Stuttgart geboren, ist stellvertretender Leiter des Goethe-Institutes in New York, dessen Programm er gestaltet. ... Sie lebten und arbeiteten bereits in Neu Delhi, Tokio, Krakau und Bratislava. Wohin zieht es Sie als nächstes - und warum?
Wackwitz: Ich gehe nächstes Jahr nach Tiflis in Georgien. Der Südkaukasus ist ein alter Traum von mir, den ich mir als letzte Station meines Arbeitslebens erfüllen möchte. Mich reizt das Arbeiten in Transformationsgesellschaften, in denen man etwas bewegen kann. Und die georgische Kultur - eine originelle und selbstbewußte Mischung aus römisch-osmanischer Mittelmeerwelt, persischen Einflüssen und russischen, polnischen, deutschen und französischen Anregungen - zusammen mit dem wunderbaren Wetter, der interessanten Geschichte, der herrlichen Landschaft, den freundlichen Menschen, der weltberühmten Küche und dem georgischen Wein - das ist schon etwas Einmaliges.
(Anmerkung geoinka: eine ungewöhnliche Interpretation der georgischen Kultur!)

Rodler-Tod nach Verkettung unglücklicher Umstände - 05.10.2010, FAZ
Zu schnell, zu unerfahren, zu wenig Trainingszeit: Laut Abschlussbericht war der Tod des Rodlers Kumaritaschwili auf der Olympia-Bahn von Whistler ein tragischer Unglücksfall. Der Vater des Toten akzeptiert den Bericht so nicht. ...

Gabriela von Habsburg als Georgiens Botschafterin in Berlin - 05.10.2010, TT.com
Dass Georgien dieser Tage eine neue Botschaft in der Rauchstraße zu Berlin eröffnet, mag mäßig interessant sein. Dass Georgiens Botschafterin aber Gabriela von Habsburg heißt und eigentlich Künstlerin ist, macht die Nachricht vom diplomatischen Parkett schon interessanter. ...

Extra ! Extra ! Extra ! Buch zum Augustkrieg >>              >>Seite

A Little War that Shook the World - Georgia, Russia, and the Future of the West
von Ronald D. Asmus, published by Palgrave Macmillan

The brief war between Russia and Georgia in August 2008 seemed to many like an unexpected shot out of the blue that was gone as quickly as it came. Former Assistant Deputy Secretary of State Ronald Asmus contends that it was a conflict that was prepared and planned for some time by Moscow, part of a broader strategy to send a message to the United States: that Russia is going to flex its muscle in the twenty-first century. A Little War that Shook the World is a fascinating look at the breakdown of relations between Russia and the West, the decay and decline of the Western Alliance itself, and the fate of Eastern Europe in a time of economic crisis.
Rezension in Bloomberg - Kaufangebote in Amazon


Lukashenko äußert sich über die Gründe, warum sich weigerte, Weißrussland Abchasien und Südossetien anzuerkennen - 02.10.2010, Civil Georgia
Russland wollte die Konsequenzen, die Weißrussland in seinen Beziehungen zu Europa erleiden würde, nicht mittragen.
Belarus President, Alexander Lukashenko, said Minsk was ready to recognize Georgia’s two breakaway regions of Abkhazia and South Ossetia, but did not do so because Moscow refused “to share” negative consequences, expected for Belarus from the West in case of such decision.
“Taking into consideration our relations – between Belarus and Russia – of course we should have recognized [South] Ossetia and Abkhazia; no matter what it [Russia] is our ally,” Lukashenko said at a news conference held for the Russian journalists on October 2.
“From this point of view, we should have done that. Frankly speaking, we were ready to do that,” he was quoted by the Belarus and Russian media sources.
“I was meeting with one western politician and he told me: ‘Do you really want to recognize Ossetia and Abkhazia?’ I responded: ‘And why does it make you so uneasy? We are allies [with Russia]’ and then he laid out those relations, which we would have had with Europe and the United States [in case of recognition of Abkhazia and South Ossetia]… You should know that we have slightly more trade [turnover] with the European Union, than with Russia; it’s billions of dollars. When Russia pushed us out from market, Europe did not dare to do that... So with the long list of possible disasters, which could have embraced Belarus, I met with your President [Dmitry Medvedev] in Sochi and we discussed this problem, during which he was citing my solemn pledge [to recognize Abkhazia and South Ossetia]. I am not rejecting [making such pledge]. But I told him: ‘There will be consequences [for Belarus from the West in case of recognition]; are you ready Mr. President, dear friend, to share these consequences together with us? Are you ready to put your shoulder?’ I quote [Medvedev’s response]: ‘Let’s stop this horse-trading. This is one issue and that’s another’. So I told him: ‘Thanks, the issue is now closed, there is no continuation to this conversation’,” Lukashenko said.
It was reported in February, 2009, that then EU foreign policy chief, Javier Solana, had warned the Belarus President against recognizing Abkhazia and South Ossetia.
On August 3, 2010, Russian President, Dmitry Medvedev, said that at one of the summits of CIS leaders, following the August, 2008 war with Georgia, Lukashenko promised in presence of other leaders of CIS to recognize Abkhazia and South Ossetia.
At the news conference on October 2, Lukashenko said that he was the only President present at the meeting, who “supported Russia”. “Let him [Medvedev] publish transcript of my speech and those of others as well. You should have looked at that expression on his face,” Lukashenko said.
“Maybe Russia does not want us at all to recognize Ossetia and Abkhazia? Maybe [Russia uses the issue] just as a pretext to bow us down?” he said.
In his remarks Lukashenko also mentioned President Saakashvili’s interview, which was aired by the Belarus state television in July, 2010 and which was described in Russia as “an unfriendly step” of Minsk towards Moscow.
Lukashenko said that he had an impression from that interview that the Georgian leader was sending a message to the Russian leadership about the need to build relations. “That’s the first time I see this kind of Saakashvili,” Lukashenko said. “He gave 7-minute long interview; so what?”

Delegation aus Georgien zu Gast bei der Sozialberatung e.V. in Schwäbisch Gmünd - 30.09.2010, Rems Zeitung
Eine georgische Delegation, bestehend aus wichtigen Vertretern der Justiz, besuchte kürzlich die Anlauf- und Beratungsstelle der Sozialberatung e.V. im Milchgässle 11, um sich vor Ort über die Angebote in den Bereichen Sucht- und Straffälligenhilfe zu informieren. ...

Schach-Jugend-Europameisterschaft in Batumi/Georgien - 19.-29.9.2010
Am Sonntag beginnt die diesjährige Jugend-Europameisterschaft U8 bis 18 in Batumi/Georgien. Der Deutsche Schachbund ist mit einer überschaubaren Delegation vertreten. Acht Starter kämpfen um vordere Platzierungen. Nachdem sich die meisten meiner letzten Prophezeiungen nicht erfüllten, halte ich mich heuer zurück.
Zwischenbericht aus Batumi mit vielen Fotos - Bernd Vökler, chessbase.de
... Dann ging es in den Bus zum Schachpalast, wo wir gemeinsam mit den Österreichern zur Festung Gonio fahren wollten. ... Batumi gilt als Mekka ausländischer Investoren. Neben dem grandiosen Sheraton entstehen mit Kempisnki und Radisson zwei weitere Übernachtungskolosse. ... Aber an jeder Ecke wird gebaut, oder wurde gebaut oder wird gebaut werden. ...

Europa braucht Russland nicht - 30.09.2010, Welt
Der Herbst könnte für die Architektur Europas einige Überraschungen bieten. ... Die Nato arbeitet an ihrer neuen Strategie, Russlands WTO-Beitritt steht auf der Tagesordnung ... der deutsche Russland-Diskurs ist verflacht ...  1991 ... Altbundeskanzler Schmidt hatte das neue Russland unverblümt als "Obervolta mit Raketen" bezeichnet, als einen einflusslosen, aber hochgerüsteten Kleinstaat. ... Doch was hat sich in diesem Staat seitdem wirklich geändert? ... Deutschland betreibt im Osten Europas keine "Russia first"-Politik. Es pflegt eine "Russia only"-Politik. ... Doch dort, wo Russlands Verhalten andere berührt, etwa in der gemeinsamen Nachbarschaft, in Moldawien, wo Moskau eine Armee "vergessen" hat, oder innerhalb der anerkannten Grenzen Georgiens, wo es munter einen neuen Militärstützpunkt baut, dort könnten die Europäer klarmachen, welches Verhalten in einem gemeinsamen Haus zulässig ist und welches nicht. ...

Innenministerium: Russland hat 25 Hektar an Südossetien angrenzendes Ackerland besetzt - 29.09.2010, Civil Georgia
Russian troops in breakaway South Ossetia are conducting, what they call, “border demarcation” and in the process grabbing plots of land on the Georgian-controlled territories, the Georgian Ministry of Internal Affairs (MIA) said in a statement on September 29.
“Russian occupational forces started to seize additional territory and move forward the line of occupation in Shida Kartli region,” it said.
“Russian FSB [Federal Security Service] troops are conducting illegal ‘border demarcation works’ by putting steel poles in villages [of] Kvemo Nikozi, Zemo Nikozi, Ditsi, Arbo and Kordi.”
The Interior Ministry said that 25 hectares of farmland was occupied by the Russian troops in Kvemo Nikozi, south from Tskhinvali.
It also said that houses of three local families, as well as pastures, irrigation canal and a water well “have been placed on the other side of the illegal ‘demarcation line’” in the village of Ditsi; 5 hectares of farmland in the village of Arbo and half hectare of land in the village of Kordi have also been grabbed, according to the Interior Ministry.
A spokesperson of EU Monitoring Mission in Georgia (EUMM) told Civil.ge that situation on the ground was “calm and quiet”. The spokesperson also said the mission was not able at this stage to report on details as EUMM monitors were currently “looking into the situation”.

Bericht von zwei Experten des Europarats spricht von "ernsthaften Defiziten" in der Aufklärung von Fällen vermißter Personen seit August 2008 - 29.09.2010, Civil Georgia
A report by two experts, recruited by Council of Europe (CoE) Human Rights Commissioner, highlights “serious shortcomings” in the process of clarifying the fate of persons, missing since the August, 2008 war, said Commissioner Thomas Hammarberg, who released the report on September 29.
Two experts - an officer from the Australian Federal Police and another from the French National Police, both with experience of investigating serious crimes and crimes of war – were sent to Georgia by the Commissioner in March to monitor how the cases of missing persons were investigated in Tbilisi and Tskhinvali.
The report details several cases, including the one of three ethnic Ossetians, who disappeared in October, 2008; a separate case of one ethnic Ossetian, who was captured by the Georgian side during the hostilities in August and also the cases of two Georgian soldiers, who were captured by the South Ossetian side, subjected to ill-treatment and whose mortal remains later returned to the Georgian side. ...

Moskaus Geopolitik und der Verlust der Ukraine - 28.09.2010, Wiener Zeitung
Wladimir Putin sagte nach seinem Amtsantritt, die Auflösung der UdSSR sei die größte Tragödie in der Geschichte des Landes gewesen und man müsse diese Entwicklung daher rückgängig machen. ...

Georgische und Clausthaler Geowissenschaftler kooperieren - 27.09.2010, Pressestelle der Technischen Universität Clausthal
Das Institut für Geowissenschaften der Ilia State University in Tbilisi und das Institut für Geophysik der TU Clausthal veranstalten am 27. und 28. September in Tbilisi einen gemeinsamen Forschungs-Workshop zum Thema „Erkundung und Nutzung von Grund- und Thermalwassersystemen in Georgien“.
Die georgische Hauptstadt Tbilisi, die über Thermalwasservorkommen verfügt, verdankt nicht zuletzt ihre Gründung den heißen Quellen. Heute wird das heiße Wasser auch zur Beheizung von Wohn- und Geschäftsgebäuden genutzt. Georgische Geowissenschaftler tragen die Verantwortung für eine nachhaltige Nutzung dieser thermischen Energiequelle. ...

Festival of Life 25th September - London, Diaspora in UK
The Georgians Abroad Project (GAP) and ‘Tamada’ restaurant will be taking part in the 7th Annual Festival of Life on the 25th September (Conway Hall, 25 Red Lion Square , Holborn, London WC1R 4RL). For more information about the festival, please visit www.festivaloflife.net

Präsident Saakashvili spricht vom 'vereinten Kaukasus' in seiner UN-Rede - 24.09.2010, Civil Georgia
# To Abkhaz, Ossetians: 'we will protect you'
# To Moscow: 'be part of transformation of region'
# To Moscow: 'learn from us how to transform society'
# To world leaders: 'help us to secure peace'
# 'Modernization impossible with Khodorkovsky in Gulag'
# Calls on three countries to reverse Abkhaz, S.Ossetia recognition

Trump baut Wolkenkratzer - 24.09.2010, Welt
Der US-Immobilientycoon Donald Trump wird in Georgien einen Wolkenkratzer bauen. Der Milliardär habe mit Georgiens Präsident Michail Saakaschwili einen Vertrag über den Bau eines seiner bekannten Trump-Türme - eventuell in Tiflis oder der Schwarzmeerstadt Batumi - unterzeichnet, teilte die Regierung in Tiflis mit. ...

Neues Buch: Ein Bogen von Georgien nach Ingolstadt - 23.09.2010, Augsburger Allgemeine
Ingolstadt „Den Bogen gespannt“ - so lautet der Titel eines Buches von Christa Niklas. ... Die Geschichtes des Georgischen Kammerorchesters und seiner einzelnen Musiker - beruflich wie privat - davon vor allem handelt dieses Buch. Es gibt darüber hinaus Einblicke in die wechselhafte Geschichte Georgiens und seine alte, christlich-abendländisch geprägte Kultur. ...

Georgien bei einem Treffen der Außenminister des NATO-Russland-Rates angesprochen - 23.09.2010, Civil Georgia
"Wir diskutierten die Kontrolle konventioneller Waffen und dieser Hinsicht auch die Situation in Abchaasien, Südossetien, Transnistrien, ..." sagte NATO-Generalsekretär Rasmussen.
Despite "fundamental disagreements" on some issues, also including Georgia, Russia and NATO will hopefully step up cooperation, NATO Secretary General Anders Fogh Rasmussen said on September 22.
Speaking at a news conference in New York after meeting of foreign ministers of NATO-Russia Council, Rasmussen said: "We are on a solid path to improve NATO-Russia relations."
He said that during the meeting situation in Georgia's breakaway regions of Abkhazia and South Ossetia, as well as in Transnistria, breakaway region of Moldova, was raised in the context of conventional arms control in Europe.
"We discussed conventional arms control and in this respect also situation in Abkhazia, South Ossetia, Transnistria... There is no reason to hide that these issues are issues where we do not see eye to eye; but I do hope despite the fact that we have disagreements in that respect, we will move forward and see progress as regards to arms control," Rasmussen said.
Russia suspended its participation in the Conventional Forces in Europe Treaty (CFE) in 2007. NATO believes CFE should prevent Russia from stationing troops in breakaway regions of Georgia and Moldova.
U.S. Secretary of State, Hillary Clinton, said in prepared comments at a NATO-Russia Council ministerial meeting, that it was important for both sides to restore and eventually modernize CFE Treaty, Reuters reported. She said she was encouraged that Russia had welcomed NATO's offer to begin discussing a framework for reviving the CFE.
Clinton noted the need that the CFE principle of host nation's consent for the stationing of forces on its territory should apply to Georgia and Moldova.
"We must have real military limitations and restraints where we need them," Reuters reported quoting Clinton. "And all participating states, including Georgia and Moldova, must have the right to agree to the stationing of foreign forces on their sovereign territory."
"Tangible progress on such issues as missile defense, conventional arms control, crisis prevention and response, improved transparency [on exchanging information about military doctrine, strategy and force developments], and security in Georgia would set the stage for closer cooperation in many other areas in future," Clinton said.
Speaking at a news conference Rasmussen said that although no final agreement was expected by November, when the alliance leaders will meet at a summit in Lisbon, where Russia has also been invited. Rasmussen, however, also expressed hope to have an agreement "on some basic principles on future conventional arms control" by November.
He said that the "fundamental message" of NATO-Russia foreign ministerial meeting in New York was "very clear and very encouraging" - cooperation with Russia "has become necessity if we want to be effective in preserving our common security."
"All parties realize that we need each other," Rasmussen said.

Abchasischer Vize-Präsident Alexander Ankvab wurde bei Explosion einer Granate im Garten seines Hauses in Gudauta verletzt - 23.09.2010, Civil Georgia
Es wird angenommen, das dies der vierte Anschlag, möglicherweise sogar der fünfte, auf Alexander Ankvab war. Er hatte 2004 versucht, an den Präsidentschaftswahlen teilzunehmen, wurde aber nicht zugelassen, da er nicht abchasisch spricht und Aufenthaltsvorschriften nicht erfüllen konnte.

Katie Melua sagt ihre für Herbst geplante Europatournee ab - 20.09.2010, Focus
Die in Georgien geborene Sängerin leide an starker Erschöpfung, teilten die Konzertveranstalter mit. Die Tournee soll 2011 nachgeholt werden. ....

Int. Gerichtshof in Den Haag entscheidet zunächst über die Zuständigkeit im dem Fall Georgien gegen Russland - 18.09.2010, Civil Georgia
... Russia claims that ICJ has no jurisdiction to hear the case. ... Russia requested ICJ to declare that it lacks jurisdiction over the claims brought by Georgia and the latter requested the court to dismiss Russia’s objections and to accept Georgia’s case against Russia as admissible. ...

Erdgaslieferungs-Pakt bringt Europa Unabhängkeit - 15.09.2010, stromvergleich.de
Am Dienstag teilte der staatliche aserbaidschanische Gasversorger Socar mit, dass die Länder Aserbaidschan, Rumänien und Georgien einen Pakt über Erdgaslieferungen nach Europa geschlossen haben. Das Gas soll von Aserbaidschan nach Georgien an das Schwarze Meer gebracht, dort auf Tanker verladen und anschließend von der rumänischen Seite aus nach Europa transportiert werden. Für Europa würde dies eine größere Unabhängigkeit von russischen Erdgaslieferungen bedeuten. ...

Aserbaidschan, Georgien und Rumänien schließen Gas-Lieferungspakt - 14.09.2010, Stern
Die Länder Aserbaidschan, Georgien und Rumänien haben sich auf einen Pakt zur Erdgaslieferung aus Aserbaidschan nach Europa verständigt. ...

Auszug aus dem Interview mit Botschafterin Gabriela von Habsburg in Berlin:
Georgiens Ziele heißen EU und Nato - 14.09.2010, EurActiv.de
Georgien wird ein starker Partner in einer starken EU sein, prophezeit Gabriela von Habsburg, Botschafterin von Georgien in Deutschland, im EurActiv.de-Interview. Die Diplomatin und Bildhauerin übt scharfe Kritik an Russlands Strategie und an westlicher Ignoranz. Sie warnt vor einem Olympia-Fiasko in Sotschi und einer Eskalation im Nordkaukasus. ...
EurActiv.de: Vor zwei Jahren gab es einen großen Konflikt zwischen Russland und Georgien. Wie stellt sich das aus Ihrer Sicht dar?
VON HABSBURG: Der Konflikt zwischen Russland und Georgien hat eine lange, komplexe und bedauerliche Geschichte, die weit hinter den kurzen, aber folgenschweren Krieg vom August 2008 zurückreicht. Eine – aber nur eine – wesentliche Ursache dieses Konfliktes liegt darin begründet, dass Russland sich bis heute nicht mit der Unabhängigkeit Georgiens in den gegebenen Grenzen der georgischen Nation abfinden wollte – also unter der selbstverständlichen Einbeziehung der Regionen von Abchasien und Süd-Ossetien.
Was die Zuspitzung dieses Konflikts in der Zeit vor dem August-Krieg 2008 betrifft, empfehle ich jedem eine genaue Lektüre des Berichts, den Heidi Tagliavini im Auftrag der EU-Kommission als Abschluss ihrer umfangreichen Untersuchungen der Ursachen dieses Krieges vorgelegt hat.
  >>EU-geförderter Bericht zum Augustkrieg von Heidi Tagliavini-2009
Sehr deutlich wird dabei zum Ausdruck gebracht, dass der faktische Ausbruch dieses Krieges als Konsequenz aus einer langen Reihe von massiven Provokationen und Verletzungen des Völkerrechts seitens Russlands gesehen werden muss.
Leider muss auch ich immer wieder feststellen, dass dies noch nicht überall mit der gebührenden Deutlichkeit gesehen wird. Russland hat Georgien an die Wand gedrängt. Und nachdem es in der Nacht vom 7. auf den 8. August 2008 zu Gefechten gekommen war, reagierte die russische Armee mit einer Massivität, die jedes Maß außer Acht gelassen und in der Folge sehr viele  Menschen, darunter viele Zivilisten, das Leben gekostet hat. Der Bericht von Heidi Tagliavini und ihrem Team nimmt sehr klar Stellung hierzu.
Nochmals: Wer, wie es teilweise in den Medien zu lesen war, behauptet, der georgische Präsident habe diesen Krieg angefangen, der sollte sich dringend näher mit den Fakten befassen. Der Bericht der Tagliavini-Kommission ist umfangreich. Aber manchmal muss man 1.400 Seiten lesen, um der historischen und politischen Wahrheit gerecht zu werden. ...
EurActiv.de: Der Bericht befasst sich dennoch mit der Frage, wer diesen Krieg angefangen hat.
VON HABSBURG: Was meint: „Einen Krieg anfangen?“ – Meint es den Beginn von Provokationen, wie die Verteilung von russischen Pässen an georgische Bürger in Abchasien? Der Tagliavini-Report kritisiert diesen Vorgang sehr explizit als massiven Bruch des Völkerrechts. Meint es das gezielte Schüren anti-georgischer Ressentiments? Meint es die Unterstützung gewaltsamer Übergriffe von abchasischen Separatisten auf Bürger nicht-abchasischer Abstammung?
Alles das ist geschehen, und die ganze westliche Welt hat es wahrgenommen. Der Tagliavini-Bericht dokumentiert die Tatsache, dass in Südossetien ethnisch georgische Dörfer von russischer Miliz gezielt überfallen und Menschen umgebracht wurden.
Zchinwali, so konnte man immer wieder lesen, sei dem Angriff georgischer Truppen zum Opfer gefallen. Tatsache jedoch ist, dass Zchinwali längst evakuiert war, bevor die georgischen Truppen gekommen sind. Die einzigen, die noch da waren, waren Paramilitärs und Journalisten, die alle ahnten, was geschehen wird.
Der georgische Integrationsminister Temur Yakobashvili war der letzte unserer Regierung, der dort war, um Verhandlungen zu führen. Er ärgert sich bis heute, dass er die Situation nicht gefilmt hat. Zchinwali war eine Geisterstadt. Die georgischen Truppen sind in Zchinwali einmarschiert, um gegen die Paramilitärs vorzugehen, die vom nächstgelegenen Stützpunkt der russischen Truppen intensiv unterstützt wurden und von Zchinwali aus die umliegenden georgischen Dörfer beschossen haben.  
Immer noch ist in manchen Medien zu lesen, Georgien habe in jener Nacht Russland angegriffen. Ich bitte doch sehr um Verständnis, aber wo befanden sich die russischen Soldaten, gegen die unsere georgischen Soldaten vorgerückt sind? Sie befanden sich auf georgischem Gebiet. Zu keinem Zeitpunkt hat ein georgischer Soldat georgisches Territorium verlassen.
Die russischen Bomben hingegen fielen fast flächendeckend auf ganz Georgien. Und russische Truppen rückten bis wenige Kilometer vor Tbilisi vor.
Ist es wirklich nicht nachvollziehbar, wenn heute noch viele Menschen in Georgien der Meinung sind, dass Russland diesen Krieg gewollt hat? Dass der große Bär das kleine Georgien so lange provozierte, bis ein einziges Zucken reichte, um zuzuschlagen, bis nur noch Furcht und Schrecken herrschte?
Nochmals: Ich empfehle dringend die Lektüre des Berichts, den Heidi Tagliavini und ihr Team für die EU-Kommission geschrieben haben. Anschließend wird jeder diesen Krieg mit anderen Augen sehen und differenzierter beurteilen.
EurActiv.de: Hat sich der Umgang mit den europäischen Partnerländern durch den „Tagliavini-Bericht“ geändert?
VON HABSBURG: Ich denke, der Bericht müsste eine sehr zentrale Rolle spielen, wenn es um eine Beurteilung des heutigen Georgiens geht. Die Politik hat ihn leider zu wenig detailliert diskutiert und viel zu schnell zu den Akten gelegt.
Manche Medien waren leider weniger an einer Lektüre von 1.400 Seiten als vielmehr an der erheblich zu kurz greifenden Frage nach dem ersten Schuss interessiert.
Eigentlich aber geht es längst um etwas ganz Anderes: Um die Zukunft unseres Landes, um die territoriale Integrität. Es geht darum, dass ein Fünftel unseres Landes von Russland besetzt ist. Jeder Deutsche müsste nachvollziehen können, was das für eine Nation bedeutet. ...
EurActiv.de: Inwieweit handelt es sich um einen ethnischen Konflikt?
VON HABSBURG: Die Konflikte weder in Südossetien noch in Abchasien haben einen ethnischen Ursprung. Auch wenn, insbesondere von der russischen Seite, versucht wird, in der Öffentlichkeit ein anderes Bild aufzubauen: Es entspricht nicht den Tatsachen, sondern eher den taktischen Interessen einer Politik, die nach altbekanntem imperialistischem Muster versucht, rein politische Konflikte als ethnische zu verkaufen, um die Völker, die Nationen gegen einander aufzuhetzen.
Tatsächlich aber geht es um politische Konflikte, präziser ausgedrückt, um einen politischen Konflikt mit Russland. Sollte es uns gelingen, den Konflikt mit Russland zu lösen, wird die Welt auch sehen, dass Georgier, Abchasen und Südosseten viele Anhaltspunkte für ein friedliches, würdiges und gemeinsames Leben im Lande finden werden. ...
EurActiv.de: Sie befürchten also ein Fiasko?
VON HABSBURG: Olympische Spiele sollten doch eigentlich ein Fest der Freude und der Völkerverständigung sein. Davon scheint mir Sotchi noch sehr weit entfernt.
Hinzu kommt die Situation im Nordkaukasus. Nach wie vor kommt es dort regelmäßig zu Terroranschlägen und Auseinandersetzungen zwischen islamischen Fundamentalisten und russischem Militär. Längst gibt es Experten, die es für alles andere als unwahrscheinlich halten, dass der Nordkaukasus in gar nicht zu ferner Zeit zu einem Rückzugsgebiet von Al-Qaida werden könnte. ...
  >>2014 - Winterolympiade Sotschi - Winter Olympics Sochi
Umso mehr muss der Westen ein Interesse daran haben, dass es ein demokratisches Land gibt, das die Stabilität in der Region des Kaukasus stärkt – nicht zuletzt, indem es den Blick nach Westen wendet und alle Angebote für eine intensive Zusammenarbeit macht: Politisch, wirtschaftlich, militärisch. Georgien ist nicht nur ein schönes Land. Georgien wird ein starker Partner in einem starken Europa sein.

Georgischer Erzbischof erhält den internationalen „Masi-Preis“ für Weinkultur - 12.09.2010, yoopress.com
Den „Masi Civilta Veneta Price“ erhielt dieses Jahr der georgische Erzbischof Sergi Chekurishvili Nekresi. ... Die ungewöhnliche Wahl fiel auf den religiösen Führer, dessen Diözese das georgische Weinbaugebiet Kachetien umfasst, wegen seiner Unterstützung für die bedrohten Winzer des Landes. ...

Ein Dinner mit Putin - 12.09.2010, Welt
Wer bei Russlands starkem Mann zu Gast ist, bekommt ein Überraschungsmenü serviert: Glasnost als Entree, Schmetterbälle zum Dessert ... Doch für das Verhältnis zum Westen ist etwas anderes wirklich erstaunlich - Putins Bemerkungen zum alten Streitfall Georgien und seine Andeutung, die Beteiligten sollten sich "trilateral" einigen, also Georgien mit den abtrünnigen Republiken Abchasien und Südossetien. Zur Erinnerung: Im August 2008 war Moskau in Georgien einmarschiert und hatte die Abspaltung der Gebiete ermöglicht. Der Westen hingegen hatte aufseiten der Regierung in Tiflis gestanden. Beim Valdai-Treffen damals hatte Putin gegen den georgischen Präsidenten Michail Saakaschwili gewütet und ihn beschuldigt, den Fünftagekrieg angefangen zu haben. Das Wort vom neuen Kalten Krieg machte die Runde. Der Putin von 2010 klingt völlig anders: Eine Lösung, so führt er aus, könne über eine Autonomie bis zur Integration reichen. "Ich weiß auch nicht, welche Form die Kooperation haben wird." Es klingt, als sei es für Putin denkbar, Georgiens territoriale Unversehrtheit wiederherzustellen, mehr oder weniger. Das ist eine neue Tonlage und vielleicht mehr. ...

Ex-minister of interior of Adjara killed in Moscow - 10.09.2010, Rustavi 2
Former interior minister of Adjara autonomous republic, Elguja Jintcharadze,46, was killed in Moscow late last night. The militia officers found the man`s body on the Shevchenko Embankment.
As eyewitnesses told detectives, they saw two men talking with Jintcharadze, but soon they heard them arguing and in a few minutes, they heard shooting. The two disappeared from the place of the murder in a car.
The detectives traced the vehicle, but they are still searching for the suspects.

UN-Generalversammlung verabschiedet Resolution zu den intern Vertriebenen in Georgien - 08.09.2010, Civil Georgia
Es stimmten 50 Staaten für die Resolution und 17 Staaten mit Russland dagegen bei 86 Enthaltungen. Im Text der Resolution wird von "erzwungenem demographischem Wandel" gesprochen.  A/RES/64/294

Ausstellung in Speyer über Mythos der Amazonen-Kriegerinnen - 02.09.2010, Nibelungen-Kurier
Exponate aus dem ältesten bekannten Kriegerinnengrab der Welt in Georgien zu sehen ... Der Schwerpunkt der Ausstellung liegt nach Angaben von Projektleiter Lars Börner in einer Reihe von Objekten und Exponaten aus Asien und Europa, die nie zuvor in einer Schau vereint zu sehen waren. Dazu gehörten Waffengräber vom antiken Volk der Skythen sowie Funde aus dem nach Museumsangaben "ältesten bekannten Kriegerinnengrab der Welt" in Georgien, die zum ersten Mal in der Öffentlichkeit ausgestellt werden. ...

Präsident Saakashvili wird am 22.9. eine Rede vor der UN-Generalversammlung halten - 28.08.2010, Civil Georgia
President Saakashvili will leave for the United States on September 20 to participate in the session of the UN General Assembly.
According to President’s administration, Saakashvili will address the UN General Assembly on September 23.
He will also make a speech at the New York University and participate in special receptions arranged on behalf of UN Secretary General and President Obama.
During the visit Saakashvili will also hold bilateral meetings with his counterparts from European, Latin American and African countries. 

LTi 46ers verpflichten Giorgi Gamqrelidze - 03.09.2010, schoenen-dunk.de
Die LTi GIESSEN 46ers haben den georgischen Nationalspieler Giorgi Gamqrelidze verpflichtet. Der 1,83 Meter große Aufbauspieler unterzeichnete am Freitag (03.09.2010) einen Vertrag bis zum Ende der Saison 2010/2011. Der Georgier soll nach Abwicklung der Visaformalitäten im Laufe der nächsten Woche in Gießen eintreffen. ...

HGÜ-Technik von Siemens überträgt umweltfreundlichen Strom von Georgien in die Türkei - 24.08.2010, innovations report
Siemens Energy installiert in Georgien zwei schlüsselfertige HGÜ-Kurzkupplungen (Hochspannungs-Gleichstromübertragung), um das georgische Stromversorgungsnetz mit dem Netz der Türkei zu verbinden.

Siemens erhält Auftrag aus dem Kaukasus
- 24.08.2010, finanznachrichten.de
Siemens hat einen neuen Großauftrag von dem georgischen Energieversorger Energotrans an Land gezogen. Damit werden die Münchner in den Markt für stromsparende Übertragungstechnik in der Region rund um den Kaukasus eintreten können. Wie der Technologiekonzern am Dienstag mitteilt, sollen Wasserkraftwerke in Georgien mit dem Stromnetz der Türkei verbunden werden. Im Weiteren werde Übertragungstechnik im Gesamtwert von rund 170 Millionen Euro an den Energieversorger geliefert. Die sog. "Strombrücke" soll im Mai 2013 in Betrieb gehen. "Mit unserer Technik werden wir dazu beitragen, den wachsenden Strombedarf in der Türkei zu decken", erklärte Udo Niehage, CEO der Siemens-Division Power Transmission. Der Weltmarkt für energieeffiziente Stromübertragungstechnik hat ein Volumen von rund 3 Milliarde Euro. Siemens will sich ein dickes Stück von diesem Kuchen abschneiden.

RUSSLAND STATIONIERT S-300 RAKETEN IN ABCHASIEN
Außenminister Grigol Vashadze nimmt an, dass Russland auch in Südossetien S-300 Raketensysteme stationiert hat - 25.08.2010, Civil Georgia
Georgian Foreign Minister, Grigol Vashadze, suggested on August 24, that along with Abkhazia, Russia also had its enhanced air-defense system, S-300, deployed in another breakaw:ay region of South Ossetia.
Russian sources have denied the allegation. Interfax news agency reported on August 25, quoting unnamed source from the Russian Defense Ministry, that Moscow provides air defense of its military base in South Ossetia Buk and Tunguska self-propelled anti-aircraft weapons.
“Russia has deployed S-300 in occupied Abkhazia and Russia has stuffed its military base in Gyumri [Armenia] with S-300 systems. Though it [Russia] has not announced it publicly yet, be sure that Russia has definitely deployed S-300 in the Tskhinvali region as well,” Georgian Foreign Minister, Grigol Vashadze, told reporters on August 24.
“Russia has actually created a triangle over South Caucasus and its bordering regions, which, as they think, will be needed for them for confrontation with NATO or Turkey,” he added.
Russia said this month it had deployed S-300 air-defense system in Abkhazia in autumn 2008.
Moskau sagt nun, dass die S-300 Raketen im Herbst 2008 in Abchasien stationiert wurden
- 15.08.2010, Civil Georgia
Russia deployed S-300 air-defense system in Abkhazia in autumn 2008 as a part of Russian military base in the region for "purely defensive" purposes, the Russian Foreign Ministry said on August 13.
Andrey Nesterenko, the Russian Foreign Ministry spokesman, said that in response to questions, triggered among media outlets and in "some capitals", Moscow "deems it necessary to explain" that S-300 could not serve as destabilizing factor in the region and its deployment did not breach any international commitment undertaken by Russia.
EU foreign affairs chief Catherine Ashton said on August 13 she was "concerned" about Russia's announcement that it had deployed S-300 air-defense system in Abkhazia and that the move “would be in contradiction with the six-point ceasefire agreement... and would risk further increasing tensions in the region."
The French Foreign Ministry said on August 12, that S-300 deployment would "unlikely to contribute to the stabilization of the region,"
Commander of Russian Air Forces announced about deployment of S-300 in Abkhazia on August 11 without specifying the date of deployment.
The Georgian Foreign Ministry responding by condemning the move, describing it as “an extremely dangerous and provocative... which poses threat to the security of not only the Black Sea region, but of entire Europe.”
Also on August 11, the U.S. Department of State said, that the Russian military commander's announcement was not necessarily a news, as Moscow had had S-300 in Abkhazia for past two years.
Georgian Parliamentary Chairman, Davit Bakradze said on August 12, that he had no exact information whether S-300 air-defense system had been deployed in Abkhazia before Russia publicly announced about this move on August 11.
“It seems that Americans have more information owing to their technical capabilities. I cannot confirm whether this system has been deployed in Abkhazia until now or not, because the Georgian side has no exact information in this regard, at least, at my level,” Bakradze told Civil.ge.
“Our military cooperation with Abkhazia and South Ossetia is not a news or secret," the Russian Foreign Ministry spokesman said. "It is carried out on the basis of relevant interstate bilateral agreements with the single goal – to provide the security of young Trans-Caucasian republics and stability in the region, as a whole."

EU 'besorgt' über die Stationierung der S-300 Raketen in Abchasien - 13.08.2010, Civil Georgia
EU foreign affairs chief Catherine Ashton said she was "concerned" about Russia's announcement that it had deployed S-300 air-defense system in Abkhazia "without the consent of the government of Georgia."
"The deployment of such a weapon system in Abkhazia would be in contradiction with the six-point ceasefire agreement as well as implementing measures [agreement signed on September 8, 2008] and would risk further increasing tensions in the region," she said in a statement on August 13.
"I call on Russia to fully implement all its obligations under the ceasefire agreement. The EU reiterates its firm support for the security and stability of Georgia, based on full respect for the principles of independence, sovereignty and territorial integrity, recognised by international law."
Commander of Russian Air Forces announced about deployment of S-300 in Abkhazia on August 11. On the same day the U.S. Department of State said Russia had this system in Abkhazia for already two years. On August 13 Russian news agency, Interfax, reported quoting unnamed Kremlin source that Russia deployed S-300 in Abkhazia two years ago and the only development now was that its location within Abkhazia was slightly changed.
Brussels-based EUobserver.com reported on August 12, that Russia's announcement of August 11 came as a surprise for EU. The announcement was made on the day, when Ashton spoke on the phone with Russian Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov. "He [Lavrov] said nothing on the subject. Within an hour or so later, we got the news [about S-300 deployment]," EUobserver,com reported quoting an unnamed source in the EU institutions.
Ashton, apparently referring to Russian President Dmitry Medvedev's recent brief visit to breakaway Abkhazia, said in the statement that "official visits to the Georgian regions of Abkhazia and South Ossetia should be made in full respect of Georgia's sovereignty and territorial integrity."
Interfax schreibt, dass nach einer Quelle aus dem Kreml die S-300 Raketen schon vor zwei Jahren stationiert wurden und seither keine weiteren Systeme in die Region geschickt wurden - 13.08.2010, Civil Georgia
Russian news agency, Interfax, reported on August 13, quoting an unnamed Kremlin source, that Russia had deployed S-300 air-defense system in Abkhazia two years ago and no additional system had been sent to the region since then.
According to the same report the only new development is that location of S-300 within Abkhazia has been slightly changed.
Commander of the Russian Air Forces announced on August 11 that Russia had deployed S-300 system in Abkhazia.
The U.S. Department of State said on the same day that Russia maintained S-300 in Abkhazia for past two years already and the announcement of the Russian air force commander was not necessarily a new development. The State Department also said that Washington was looking into whether the announcement meant sending of additional air-defense system to the region.
Frankreich 'besorgt' über die Stationierung der S-300 Raketen in Abchasien - 13.08.2010, Civil Georgia
The deployment of Russia’s S-300 air-defense system in Abkhazia is "unlikely to contribute to the stabilization of the region," the French Foreign Ministry said on August 12. 
Asked whether France was concerned by this deployment and whether it was a source of concern for NATO, Christine Fages, the French foreign ministry spokesperson, said: “We have noted with concern the announcement" by Russia, made on August 11, that it had deployed its enhanced air-defense system in Georgia's breakaway region.
“We urge all of the parties to uphold and comply fully with the agreements of August 12 and September 8, 2008,” Christine Fages said.
She reiterated France’s support for Georgia’s independence, territorial integrity and sovereignty, within its internationally recognized borders and added that “NATO has also repeatedly reaffirmed its attachment to the principle of Georgia’s territorial integrity.”
“The next session of international discussions which will take place in Geneva on October 14 will provide an opportunity to address the issues relating to the security and stability of the region,” she said.
US-Außenministerium: 'Russland hat S-300 in Abchasien seit den vergangenen zwei Jahren stationiert' - 12.08.2010, Civil Georgia
Russia's announcement about deploying sophisticated air-defense system, S-300, in breakaway Abkhazia might not be a new development, as Russia has maintained such system there since 2008, August war, U.S. Department of State said.
"It’s our understanding that Russia has had S-300 missiles in Abkhazia for the past two years." State Department spokesman, Philip J. Crowley, said at a news briefing in Washington on August 11.
"We can’t confirm whether they [Russia] have added to those systems or not. We will look into that. This by itself is not necessarily a new development. That system has been in place for some time," he added.
Reuters reported quoting unnamed Pentagon official that the U.S. could not yet confirm the deployment of new missiles and was seeking further information.
"But the absence of transparency and international monitoring in Abkhazia makes this difficult," the official said.
Commander of the Russian Air Forces, Colonel General Alexander Zelin, said on August 11, that Russia had deployed long range S-300 in Abkhazia to protect its airspace and Russian military bases deployed there. He said that S-300 missile system "will cover only facilities located on the territory of Abkhazia". Air defense of South Ossetia is provided with other systems, Zelin said.
"At the same time, the task of air defense of Abkhazia and South Ossetia will be also implemented by frontline and army aviation carrying out combat duties there," Zelin added.
No other details, including the date of deployment were reported.
Asked about the Russia's announcement, foreign minister of breakaway Abkhazia, Maxim Gvinjia, initially denied in an interview with BBC Russian service that S-300 were deployed in Abkhazia, suggesting that Col. Gen. Zelin's remarks were probably misunderstood by journalists.
However, later, in an interview with RIA Novosti news agency, Gvinjia said that S-300 was deployed and added that it was in line with an agreement on military cooperation between Moscow and Sokhumi.
The Georgian Foreign Ministry condemned the move and said it "represents a clear example of reinforcement of military dimension of Russia's declared imperial policy of 'spheres of influence'."
"It is absolutely incomprehensible for what purpose this extremely dangerous and provocative step may serve, which poses threat to the security of not only the Black Sea region, but of entire Europe," the Georgian Foreign Ministry said in a statement on August 11.
The S-300 is a long-range air defense able to engage number of targets simultaneously and to detect, track and destroy cruise missiles, ballistic missiles and aircraft at low-to-high altitude.
Georgian State Minister for Reintegration, Temur Iakobashvili, said if the purpose of deployment was Georgia, then the decision lacked rationality. "First of all, it is NATO that should be concerned about it," Iakobashvili added.
Russian military analyst, Alexander Golts, told RFE/RL Russian-language service, Ekho Kavkaza, that Russia's decision "looks strange." It's like "shooting sparrow with cannon," he said and suggested that the decision did not seem to be taken by the military leadership.
"It's a purely political decision aimed at demonstrating Russia's resolve to defend Abkhazia's independence with all the means... It's part of propagandistic declarations," Golts said.
Vladimir Socor of U.S. think-tank Jamestown Foundation wrote on August 11 that Russia's S-300 in Abkhazia "cannot conceivably aim at Georgian air targets."
"The Russian deployment’s most likely goal is to create a capability for interdicting Georgian, or indeed US and NATO, flights over the adjacent Black Sea area, Georgia’s interior, and the South Caucasus air corridor," Socor suggested. "Russian interdiction capability can deter Georgia, the United States and its allies from using those flight paths in certain contingencies; or can compel them to clear their flight plans with Russia in certain contingencies."
Commander of the Russian Air Forces also said on August 11 that the task of air defense systems in Abkhazia and South Ossetia "is also to prevent violation of Abkhaz and South Ossetian airspace and to destroy any aircraft illegally penetrating into thier airspace no matter what their purpose might be."
Russische Raketen für abtrünnige georgische Region - 11.08.2010,  Greenpeace
Russland stellt zwei Jahre nach dem blutigen Südkaukasuskrieg in der von Georgien abtrünnigen Region Abchasien Luftabwehrraketen auf. ... «Dieser Schritt zeigt einmal mehr, dass Russland eine Besatzungsmacht in zwei Regionen Georgiens ist», sagte die Vorsitzende des Nationalen Sicherheitsrats, Eka Tkeschelaschwili, in Tiflis. ...
Tbilisi äußert sich der Stationierung von Russlands S-300 Raketen in Abchasien - 11.08.2010, Civil Georgia
Es ist die NATO, die zuerst und am meisten besorgt sein sollte über die Entscheidung Russlands S-300 Langstreckenraketen im abtrünnigen Abchasien zu stationieren. "... weitere Verletzung des Sechs-Punkte-Abkommens ..."
It is NATO, which should be first and for most concerned about Russia's decision to deploy long-range S-300 air-defense system in breakaway Abkhazia, Temur Iakobashvili, the Georgian state minister for reintegration, said on August 11.
"Obviously, such action is one more violation of Sarkozy-Mediated [six-point ceasefire] agreement. If we take into consideration the specifics of this weapon, of course, it is inappropriate against Georgia in view of even theoretical threats because S-300 is a long range missile. It makes us suppose that this step has been taken to change the balance of forces in the region," he said.
"It stresses once again that Russia does not care about the fates of Abkhazians and South Ossetians. They need territories to demonstrate their force in this region and first of all, it is NATO that should be concerned about it," Iakobashvili added.
Eka Tkeshelashvili, secretary of the Georgian National Security Council, said that the move demonstrated "once again that Russia is an occupant force in Georgia’s two regions."
"Russia does not hide it by its actions – not only it does not withdraw its troops from the territory of Georgia, but it further reinforces its military control in these regions and Russia makes no secret of it. Hence, such action and statement is nothing but a demonstration of unhidden, obvious occupation carried out by Russia in these two regions," Tkeshelashvili said.
Reset the Russian Reset Policy - 11.08.2010, Wallstreet Journal
While the Obama Administration praises soft power, Moscow still speaks the language of arms, by ARIEL COHEN
Russian President Dmitry Medvedev recently proclaimed Eurasia a Russian "sphere of exclusive interests." Moscow has backed up those words with every available foreign-policy tool: diplomacy (including recognition of breakaway republics), arms sales, defense pacts, base construction—even regime change. ...
Meanwhile, Washington seems content with preaching the importance of "soft power." Its pseudo-Realpolitik approach of "seeing no evil" only encourages Moscow to expand its hegemony.
To roll back the Kremlin's growing regional influence, Washington should expand its political-military cooperation with the countries of Central Asia and the Caucasus; lift the de facto weapons embargo on Georgia; and engage in meaningful efforts in the realms of energy, security and good governance. Washington should explore sales of Patriot missiles and modern military equipment to Azerbaijan; boost support for the Nabucco and trans-Caspian gas pipelines in coordination with European capitals; and promote greater transparency, democracy and the rule of law in the region. The Obama Administration, in short, needs to reset its Russian reset policy to protect America's interests in Eurasia.

Georgia's mental revolution - Seven years after the Rose revolution, Georgia has come a long way - 19.08.2010, The Economist
... Today Georgia has reinvented itself as the star of the Caucasus. It is less corrupt than most former Soviet republics and one of the easiest places in the world to do business, according to the World Bank. Its liberalised economy has weathered Russian embargoes, and the state held together during the war with Russia. ... And yet the mental shift which has occurred in Georgia will make it hard to turn the country backwards. On June 25th police cordoned off the central square in Gori, the birthplace of Stalin, and, in the dead of night, toppled a statue of the former dictator that had survived the Soviet collapse and Russian bombardment in 2008. Yet there was neither celebration nor protest. Georgians had moved on.

EU 'besorgt' über die Stationierung der S-300 Raketen in Abchasien - 13.08.2010, Civil Georgia
EU foreign affairs chief Catherine Ashton said she was "concerned" about Russia's announcement that it had deployed S-300 air-defense system in Abkhazia "without the consent of the government of Georgia."
"The deployment of such a weapon system in Abkhazia would be in contradiction with the six-point ceasefire agreement as well as implementing measures [agreement signed on September 8, 2008] and would risk further increasing tensions in the region," she said in a statement on August 13.
"I call on Russia to fully implement all its obligations under the ceasefire agreement. ...

Reset the Russian Reset Policy - 11.08.2010, Wallstreet Journal
While the Obama Administration praises soft power, Moscow still speaks the language of arms, by ARIEL COHEN
Russian President Dmitry Medvedev recently proclaimed Eurasia a Russian "sphere of exclusive interests." Moscow has backed up those words with every available foreign-policy tool: diplomacy (including recognition of breakaway republics), arms sales, defense pacts, base construction—even regime change. ...
Meanwhile, Washington seems content with preaching the importance of "soft power." Its pseudo-Realpolitik approach of "seeing no evil" only encourages Moscow to expand its hegemony.
To roll back the Kremlin's growing regional influence, Washington should expand its political-military cooperation with the countries of Central Asia and the Caucasus; lift the de facto weapons embargo on Georgia; and engage in meaningful efforts in the realms of energy, security and good governance. Washington should explore sales of Patriot missiles and modern military equipment to Azerbaijan; boost support for the Nabucco and trans-Caspian gas pipelines in coordination with European capitals; and promote greater transparency, democracy and the rule of law in the region. The Obama Administration, in short, needs to reset its Russian reset policy to protect America's interests in Eurasia.

2. JAHRESTAG 08.08.2008 - RUSSISCHE INVASION IN GEORGIEN - RUSTAVI 2
Events devoted to second anniversary of Russia-Georgia war held in Gori
08.08.10 18:03
Events devoted to the second anniversary of the Russia-Georgia war in August 2008 continue in the town of Gori in Shida Kartli Region. Civil rites were served in all acting churches of Shida Kartli.
Support rallies for Georgia held in about 30 cities of world
08.08.10 17:50
About 100 Georgian nationals assembled in New York to hold a protest rally over Russia`s aggression to Georgia. The protesters were holding Georgian national flags and chanting slogans: `Stop the Russian Aggression!`.
Lithuanians express support to Georgia
08.08.10 17:35
A support rally for Georgia was held in Lithuania. In cities of Vilnius, Kaunas and Klaipeda, locals assembled on their own initiative and called on the world for pressing Russia and freeing Georgia.
Russian opposition members hold support rally for Georgia in Gori town
08.08.10 17:21
Representative of Russian opposition parties and public movements are holding a supporting rally for Georgia in teh town of Gori now. They are delivering speeches in the centre of the town.
Medvedev pays first visit to occupied Abkhazia
08.08.10 17:12
At the second anniversary of the Russia-Georgia war Dmitri Medvedev unexpectedly visited Sukhumi. After Russia`s recognition of Georgia`s two occupied regions, this is the Russian President`s firs visit to occupied Abkhazia.
Georgian patriarch pays tribute to memory of soldiers killed in war
08.08.10 16:39
Catholicos Patriarch of All Georgia His Holiness and Beatitude Ilia II paid tribute to memory of the people killed in the Russia-Georgia war in August 2008. After teh Sunday liturgy at Holy Trinity Cathedral, Ilia II delivered a sermon to the parish.
Representatives of provisional South Ossetian administration pay tribute to heroes
08.08.10 16:22
Dmitri Sanakoev and other representatives of the provisional administration of South Ossetia arrived Sunday in Mukhatgverdi at the cemetery of soldiers killed in the Russia-Georgia war in August 2008. They were accompanied with internally displace people
Citizens pay tribute to soldiers fallen for territorial integrity of Georgia
08.08.10 15:36
Representatives of the Georgian Defence Ministry and family members of Corporal Vakhtang Gzirishvili killed in the Russia-Georgia war in August 2008 arrived Sunday (August 8) at the memorial to heroes killed in the war for Georgia`s territorial integrity.
IDPs in Gori sign symbolical Message to Civilized World
08.08.10 14:53
Message of Internally Displaced People to Civilized World Rally continued Sunday in the town of Gori in Shida Kartli Region. IDPs living in Asps Settlement signed the symbolical document.
`Don`t let Georgia down, Cameron`: Guardian
08.08.10 13:02
The UK government should do like the U.S. and continue to call for Russia to abide by the August 2008 ceasefire commitment, the Guardian British outlet says in its letter titled `Don`t let Georgia down, Cameron`.
`We`ll keep fighting until last occupant leaves Georgia`: Saakashvili
07.08.10 11:55
In 2008 we had again to take up arms to protect dignity of our homeland. We will keep fighting until the last occupants does not leave Georgia`, Georgian president Mikheil Saakashvili said.
Citizen of Russia presents apartment Georgian soldier`s family
06.08.10 18:12
Citizen of Russia presented an apartment to the child of a Georgian soldier killed in Tskhinvali in 2006. Olya Khvostikova, who is living in Krasnodar Oblast of Russia now handed over the two-room apartment to national hero Zaza Damenia`s son.
Georgian Refugee Minister visits families of killed soldiers
06.08.10 18:11
Georgian Minister for Refugees and Accommodation visited Friday the families of soldiers killed in the Russia-Georgia war in August 2008. Koba Subeliani handed over two-week vouchers for Black Sea resort Kobuleti and other presents to family members of Romelashvili brothers
Vice Premier reports to Putin about rehabilitation works in Tskhinvali
06.08.10 18:09
First Vice Premier of Russia, after visiting Georgia`s occupied regions - South Ossetia and Abkhazia - reported to Prime Minister Vladimir Putin. Although Igor Shuvalov slammed the Kokoity`s government for failing the rehabilitation works while visiting Tskhinvali,..
`Two years after Georgia war, Saakashvili defiantly hangs on`: AFP
06.08.10 18:09
Agence France-Presse sums up results of the Russia-Georgian war that took place in August 2008. The agency has published an article titled ` Two years after Georgia war, Saakashvili defiantly hangs on`.
International Court of Justice appoints hearing of Georgia`s action against Russia
06.08.10 18:05
International Court of Justice has appointed a hearing of Georgia`s action against Russia on the war in August 2008. The hearing will be held on Septermber 13-17, 2010 and it implies several stages.
Abkhaz government members pay tribute to soldiers killed in August war
06.08.10 15:10
Members of the government of Abkhaz Autonomous Republic expressed Friday their condolences to families of soldiers killed in the August war in 2008. Members of teh Abkhaz government arrived at Mukhatgverdi Fraternal Cemetery and laid flowers on tombs of the fallen soldiers.
Georgian Ministry of Justice Poppy Rally for memory of fallen soldiers
06.08.10 12:20
Georgian Ministry of Justice has joined Poppy Rally. All representatives of the ministry will be wearing badges of poppies attached to their chests all day long. About 4000 employees of the ministry are participating in the rally...
Georgian president visits internally displaced families
04.08.10 18:25
Georgian president Mikheil Saakashvili visited internally displaced people in teh village of Shaumiani, Marneuli District on Wednesday. 212 families on total are living in the village and 70% of them have been employed by the local government.

Georgier sorgen für furiosen Auftakt der Europäischen Jugendwoche - 01.08.10, Hessische/Niedersächsische Allgemeine Zeitung
Witzenhausen - Europäischen Jugendwoche auf Burg Ludwigstein mit Folklore-Tanzgruppen aus fünf Ländern ... Einen atemberaubenden Auftritt wirbelten die Tänzer der Gruppe Nartebi aus Tiblissi in Georgien auf die Bretter. Dafür gab es zu Recht stehende Ovationen der begeisterten Zuschauer  ...

IST DER GEORGISCHE WEIN IN RUSSLAND SO SCHLECHT? - EU VERGIBT NAMENSRECHTE
Moskau hat Weißrussland und Kasachstan aufgefordert, keinen georgischen Wein und Mineralwasser nach Russland zu reexportieren - 31.07.10, Civil Georgia
Es wurde sanitäre Gründe angeführt. Auch Moldawien wird sanktioniert.
Moscow has “requested” its partners from customs union – Belarus and Kazakhstan – not to re-export Georgian and Moldovan wines and mineral waters into Russia, Gennady Onishchenko, Russia's chief sanitary inspector, said on July 30.
Russia banned import of Georgian wines and mineral waters in 2006, citing sanitary reasons.
“We have provided information to our colleagues based on legal acts of customs union of Russia, Kazakhstan and Belarus that use of number of products in our country is limited. We have requested them to take measures not to let Georgian and Moldovan wines and mineral waters on the Russian territory,” Russian news agency, Interfax, reported quoting Onishchenko said.
“It does not mean that we are imposing our will on [Belarus and Kazakhstan] and are limiting their right to use those products. But we have a right to demand to take comprehensive measures in order not to let these products on the Russian market and we’ve used to that right,” he added.
18 georgische Weine werden die Bezeichnung einer geschützten geographischen Herkunft erhalten - 29.07.10, Civil Georgia
EU and Georgia will give a preliminary endorsement to an agreement on the protection of their respective geographical indications on July 29.
Text of the agreement will be initialed by Georgian Deputy Foreign Minister Davit Jalagania and Nicolas Verlet, director of international affairs at the European Commission’s Directorate General for Agriculture.
On the initial stage 18 Georgian wines will be given protected geographical indication in EU, including Khvanchkara, Kindzmarauli, Saperavi, Mukuzani and Tvishi.
“Georgia is the first among the EU Neighbourhood Countries to take this important step forward in promoting and protecting the quality of the agricultural production. The objective of the Agreement was to reduce misuses and abuses of the names of products,” EU delegation in Georgia said.
Die Deutsche Wirtschaftsvereinigung Georgien (DWVG) hat eine neue Kurzstudie der Reihe „Georgien Kompakt“ veröffentlicht - ‎15.07.2010, inar.de
Kurzstudie "Georgien Kompakt: Wein" -Der neu erschienene Bericht behandelt auf sieben Seiten den georgischen Weinsektor und gibt einen aktuellen Überblick über die entsprechende Marktentwicklung, Produktion, Geschäftspraxis und den Außenhandel. Die kostenlose Publikation steht auf der Homepage der DWVG zum Download bereit.

Zwischen Orient und Okzident - 30.07.2010, NZZ
Eindrücke von einer Fahrt an der Grenze Europas – von Aserbeidschan nach Georgien durch den Kaukasus von Hartmut Kühne
Aserbeidschan und Georgien haben sich geöffnet. Reisen in den Kaukasus heisst allerdings, mitunter Strapazen auf sich zu nehmen, für die man aber meist reichlich belohnt wird. ... Man wird belohnt mit freundlichen Menschen, gigantischen Landschaften und vor allem dem Reiz, zwischen Orient und Okzident, zwischen Islam und Christentum zu reisen. ...

Jugendliche aus sieben Ländern beim kulturellen Austausch - 29.07.10, Thueringer Allgemeine
Aus Ungarn und Moldawien, aus Frankreich und Österreich, aus Georgien und Italien reisen in den Sommerferien Jugendliche zur europäischen Begegnung nach Erfurt. ... Das Thema Straßenverkehr steht als Metapher über ihrem Aufenthalt: "Die Jugendlichen sollen hier lernen, mal über den Tellerrand ihrer eigenen Kultur zu blicken", erklärt der georgische Begleiter Gocha Kakulia. ...

Sommertheater Open Air in Berlin - 29.07.2010, Neues Deutschland
... Nelly Eichhorn ist das, was man mit Fug und Recht als Weltenbürgerin und Vollblut-Kulturfrau bezeichnen kann. Geboren in Tiflis/Georgien, studierte sie Sprachen und Journalistik in Moskau und arbeitete als Theaterkritikerin in Ost-Berlin, zog nach der Wende in Kentucky/ USA ein Marionettentheater für Kinder auf, bevor sie der Liebe wegen in Stuttgart landete und dort das Theater am Olgaeck gründete. Nun ist sie zurück in Berlin und versucht seit letztem Sommer, die grandiose Kulisse der Klostermauern aus dem 13. Jahrhundert als Open Air-Theaterort zu etablieren. ...

Zu seinem 66. Geburtstag verschenkt Udo Walz 500 Euro an den krebskranken Markiyan aus Georgien - 28.07.2010,  Berliner Zeitung
Am 28. Juli 1944 wurde Starfriseur Udo Walz in Waiblingen (Baden-Württemberg) geboren. Heute ist er einer der berühmtesten Berliner. ... Und weil der fröhliche Friseur auch andere Menschen glücklich machen will, hat er sich ein besonderes Geburtstagsgeschenk ausgedacht: „In der B.Z. las ich am Mittwoch die Geschichte von Markiyan, dem krebskranken Jungen aus Georgien, der im Helios-Klinikum in Buch behandelt wird. Ich werde Markiyans Eltern 500 Euro schenken, weil sie so dringend Geld für die Behandlung ihres Sohnes brauchen.“ ...

Georgier schielen liebevoll aufs Georgianum
- 27.07.2010, Donaukurier
Gerhard Schmidt. Der Vorsitzende des Fördervereins für das Georgianum engagiert sich seit Jahren für die Belebung des Prachtbaus, der auf eine Stiftung Herzog Georgs von Landshut im Jahr 1494 zurückgeht. Jetzt starten Schmidt und seine Mitstreiter einen neuen Rettungsversuch. Die Idee: Das Georgische Kammerorchester könnte im sanierten Georgianum eine neue, repräsentative Heimat erhalten; das wäre nicht nur wegen des Namens passend. ...

Georgien begrüßt Verlängerung der EU-Beobachtermission um ein Jahr - 27.07.10, Stern
Georgien hat die Verlängerung der EU-Beobachtermission (EUMM) begrüßt. "Das ist ein wichtiger Faktor für die Stabilität in der Region", sagte Minister Temur Jakobaschwili ...

Georgische Delegation in der JVA Adelsheim - 27.07.10, nokzeit.de
Erneut hat die „Deutsche Stiftung für internationale rechtliche Zusammenarbeit“ die JVA Adelsheim zur Unterstützung ihrer Arbeit in Osteuropa herangezogen. Eine Delegation von Strafvollzugsverantwortlichen aus Georgien absolviert gerade eine einwöchige Informationsreise durch baden-württembergische Vollzugs- und Bewährungshilfeeinrichtungen. ....

Rustaveli National Theater in Augsburg
- 26.07.2010, Augsburger Allgemeine
Statt einer experimentellen Theaternacht in Diedorf veranstaltet das Team um künstlerischen Leiter Stephan Eckl heuer vom Mittwoch, 28. Juli, bis Sonntag, 1. August, erstmals ein Schwarzmeer-Theaterfestival: Sechs Welttheatergruppen aus den Anrainerstaaten des Schwarzen Meeres Bulgarien, Türkei, Rumänien, Georgien, Ukraine und Russland sind zu Gast. ... Als besonderen Höhepunkt bezeichnet Eckl den Auftritt des georgischen Rustaveli National Theaters am Samstag, 31. Juli, mit seinem künstlerischen Leiter Robert Sturua. Dieser hat auf der ganzen Welt inszeniert und seiner Truppe internationale Berühmtheit verschafft.  ...

Nur Augen und Ohren Brüssels  - ‎26.07.2010‎, tagesschau.de
Zwei Jahre ist der Krieg zwischen Georgien und Russland her. Die EU vermittelte einen Waffenstillstand und entsandte Beobachter. Die Mission gilt als Erfolg ...

Claus Hipp - ‎26.07.2010‎, domradio - nachrichten      >>Seite
Geschäftsführer Claus Hipp hat noch diverse Nebenjobs: Er malt, unterrichtet Malen und Wirtschaftswissenschaften, ist Musiker, Honorarkonsul von Georgien, ...

Länderreport: Georgien: Die Kaukasusrepublik bleibt auf Reformkurs - 24.07.2010, Börsen-Zeitung
Liberalisierung wird weiter forciert - Hilfsgelder stützen nach dem Ossetien-Krieg das Land - Hohes Leistungsbilanzdefizit - Exportbasis noch immer zu schmal
Ein Aufsteiger kann tief fallen. Dies musste Georgien schmerzlich erfahren. Legte das Bruttoinlandsprodukt (BIP) 2007 noch um 12,2 % zu, waren es 2008 nur noch 2,3 %. Im Jahr darauf musste sogar ein BIP-Rückgang von 3,9 % hingenommen werden. Georgien profitierte 2006 und 2007 von einem üppigen Zufluss ausländischer Direktinvestitionen von 15 % bzw. 17,2 % des BIP. Wenngleich in den Krisenjahren 2008 und 2009 ein Rückgang zu verzeichnen war, blieben sie - und das ist gleichzeitig die positive Nachricht - im internationalen Vergleich auf hohem Niveau (2008: 12,2 % des BIP, 2009: 6,9 %). Doch die umfangreichen und tiefgreifenden Reformen in der Vergangenheit verliehen der georgischen Volkswirtschaft eine hohe Flexibilität, die eine schnelle Anpassung ...

Berta Rothfuß - "Mein Leben kann ein Buch füllen" - 23.07.2010, Schwarzwälder Bote
Nagold. Die zweitälteste Bürgerin Nagolds wird am heutigen Donnerstag 103 Jahre alt. "Mit meinem Leben kann man ein ganzes Buch füllen", sagt Berta Rothfuß, die mit ihrer Tochter seit 1995 in Nagold wohnt. Geboren wurde sie 1907 als Jüngste von 13 Kindern in Rosenberg im Kaukasus. Dort ging sie sechs Jahre lang in die Dorfschule, ...

Neugebauer trifft georgischen Vizepremierminister Georgi Baramidze - 23.07.2010
Der II. Präsident des Nationalrates Fritz Neugebauer traf heute, Freitag, mit dem georgischen Vizepremierminister und Staatsminister für europäische Integration
Georgi Baramidze zusammen. Im Mittelpunkt der Aussprache standen einerseits die politische und wirtschaftliche Entwicklung Georgiens - insbesondere das Interesse Georgiens an einer Annäherung an die Europäische Union, vor allem im Hinblick auf die vergangene Woche eröffneten Verhandlungen eines Assoziationsabkommens -,  andererseits die Konflikte in der Region.
Baramidze wies in diesem Zusammenhang auf die Bedeutung der östlichen Partnerschaft sowie die Schwarzmeerkooperation hin. Neugebauer betonte das verstärkte Engagement Österreichs in der Kaukasusregion und das erhebliche Potential dieser Region, wie zuletzt auch vom WIFO festgestellt wurde. ... "... Für Österreich ist ... die Rolle Georgiens in Hinblick auf die Entwicklung in der Kaukasusregion von zentraler Bedeutung", sagte Neugebauer.

common sense organisiert und moderiert die erste eLearning Konferenz im Südkaukasus - 23.07.2010, presseanzeiger.de
Die erste eLearning Konferenz im Kaukasus wurde im Auftrag von InWEnt in Tbilisi, Georgien am 24. und 25. Juni 2010 von common sense veranstaltet. Die „eLearning Caucasus Conference“ war der Schlusspunkt der ersten Phase des erfolgreichen Projekts „Institution Building and Human Resource Development in the Southern Caucasus”, das seit Ende 2008 in Georgien, Aserbaidschan und Armenien durchgeführt wird.
20 Institutionen (u.a. Universitäten, Bildungseinrichtungen, Forschungsinstitute) aus diesen drei Ländern haben im Rahmen dieses Vorhabens eLearning Teams ausgebildet, eLearning-Pilotprojekte entwickelt und durchgeführt und entscheidende institutionelle Rahmenbedingungen für die Implementierung von eLearning geschaffen. ...

Ticketverkauf für neue LOT-Verbindungen startet - 23.07.2010, reisenews-online.de
Für die im September und November hinzukommenden Verbindungen von LOT Polish Airlines nach Hanoi in Vietnam und Tiflis in Georgien können ab sofort Tickets gebucht werden. Am 15. September wird der polnische Star Alliance Partner erstmals über Warschau nach Tiflis fliegen. Die Verbindung wird zweimal (mittwochs und donnerstags) und ab dem 25. September, dreimal in der Woche angeboten (mittwochs, donnerstags und samstags). Rückflugtickets von Deutschland in die georgische Hauptstadt kosten ab 370,10 EUR. ....

25.Februar zum "Tag der sowjetischen Besatzung" erklärt - 21.07.10, Civil Georgia
Am 25.Februar 1921 nahm die Rote Armee Tbilisi ein. Der Tag soll auch an die hunderttausende Opfern erinnern als Folge der Repression durch die kommunistische Besatzungsregierung.
The Georgian Parliament declared February 25 – the day when 89 years ago Bolshevik’s Red Army took over Tbilisi – as the Day of Soviet Occupation.
The decision, endorsed unanimously by the Parliament on July 21, instructs the government to organize various memorial events on every February 25 and to fly national flag half-mast to commemorate, as the decision puts it, hundreds of thousands of victims of political repressions of Communist occupational regime.
In a separate decision, also passed unanimously on July 21, the Georgian Parliament declared August 23 the Day of Memory of Victims of Totalitarian Regimes.
The decision echoes declaration of the European Parliament on the proclamation of 23 August as European Day of Remembrance for Victims of Stalinism and Nazism. On that day in 1939, Germany and the Soviet Union signed a treaty – known as Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact - that divided Eastern Europe between the two countries.
“Although by 1939 Georgia had been occupied [by the Soviet Union] for already 18 years, dividing Europe into spheres of influence prolonged Georgia’s presence in the Soviet Union,” the Georgian Parliament’s decision reads.
Resolution of the Parliament of Georgia on the Soviet Occupation of Georgia

Kaiser-Enkelin in europäischer Mission - 17.07.10, Tagesspiegel
In die Mitte gerückt. Früher residierten Georgiens Botschafter in Pankow, die neue Botschafterin Gabriela von Habsburg verlegte den Amtssitz weiter ins Zentrum. ... Aufgewachsen ist sie in Bayern. Durch die Kunst kam sie nach Georgien. „Nach dem Fall des Eisernen Vorhangs fand ich den Osten einfach spannend.“ ...  Und dann wird sie urplötzlich ganz politisch. „Dieses kleine Land soll Russland überfallen haben? Dass das nicht sein kann, erschließt sich auf den ersten Blick. Schon aus Selbstschutzgründen nicht.“ ... „Mit den russischen Menschen haben die Georgier nie die Probleme gehabt, die haben sie heute auch nicht: Es ist die jetzige Regierung Russlands, die große Probleme verursacht.“ ... Auf die Frage nach ihren Zielen fragt die Botschafterin prompt zurück: „Die großen oder die kleinen?“ Sie möchte eine Annäherung Georgiens an den Rest von Europa erreichen. Neben Armenien sei Georgien das erste Land gewesen, in dem das Christentum Staatsreligion war, schon im 4. Jahrhundert. ...
საქართველოს საელჩო გერმანიის ფედერაციულ რესპუბლიკაში
Rauchstrasse 11, 10787 Berlin, E-Mail: berlin.emb@mfa.gov.ge
Tel.: +49 (30) 484907-0, Fax: +49 (30) 484907-20

UN warnen vor Aids-Epidemie in Osteuropa - 18.07.10, Welt
In Estland, der Ukraine und Georgien ist mindestens einer von 100 Bürgern HIV-positiv. Damit ist die Rate zehn Mal so hoch wie in Mitteleuropa".
Unmittelbar vor der 18. Welt-Aids-Konferenz in Wien warnen Experten vor der rasanten Ausbreitung der Seuche in Osteuropa und Russland. Der jüngste Report des Aids-Programms der Vereinten Nationen (Unaids) konstatiert eine besorgniserregende Entwicklung, ... Dort wie auch in Estland, der Ukraine und Georgien ist bereits mindestens einer von 100 Bürgern HIV-positiv. Die Rate ist mehr als zehn Mal so hoch wie in Mitteleuropa. ...

TV-INTERVIEW VON PRÄSIDENT SAAKASHVILI IN MINSK
Verworrenes Zweckbündnis - 17.07.10, Frankfurter Rundschau
Georgien hat sich in den Propagandakrieg zwischen Moskau und Minsk eingemischt. ... In einem Interview verteidigt Saakaschwili seinen weißrussischen Kollegen Alexander Lukaschenko gegen die Angriffe russischer TV-Sender. "Plötzlich haben sie bemerkt, dass in den 90er Jahren in Minsk Menschenfresser zur Welt kamen", sagte Saakaschwili in Anspielung auf den Film "Väterchen und Pate", den der halbstaatliche russische Kanal NTW Anfang Juli ausstrahlte. ...
Russland streitet mit Georgien und Weißrussland nun auch übers TV - 17.07.10, SZ
Der Schlagabtausch zwischen den einstigen politischen Gefährten Russland und Weißrussland hat die Medien erreicht. Was noch vor kurzem undenkbar gewesen wäre, geschah an diesem Donnerstagabend: Der georgische Präsident Michail Saakaschwili, ein Erzfeind des Kreml, hat ausgerechnet im weißrussischen Fernsehen ein Interview gegeben und dabei die bekannten russlandkritischen Ansichten vorgetragen. Er habe nicht die leiseste Ahnung, 'was sie von mir wollen', sagte er mit Blick auf die russische Führung: 'Wir kommen ihnen doch ständig entgegen.' Jedes Mal aber, wenn Georgien dem Kreml Zugeständnisse mache, verlange dieser mehr: 'Ich denke, diese Situation ist allen Nachbarn Russlands hinreichend bekannt.' ...
Belarus 1st Channel airs interview with Saakashvili - 17.07.10, Rustavi 2
The First Channel of the Belarus Television has aired an interview with the president of Georgia Mikheil Saakashvili. Georgian president said the demands put forth by the Russian Federation to Georgia were unintelligible for him. The journalist of the Topical Interview put questions to Saakashvili on various issues.
Saakashvili reiterated that Georgian territories were occupied by Russia. He expressed his hope, that despite Russia`s permanent pressure, Belarus would take right and reasonable decision regarding the recognition of Georgia`s breakaway Abkhazia and Tskhinvali Region.
Saakashvili said tension between the neighbour countries affected the existence of Russian culture in Georgia.
`I always say that I may be the last president or the one before the last president of Georgia, who can quote Pushkin, Lermontov, Brodksi and Yesenin. The generations come, which can hardly understand what is where is Russia,` Saakashvili said.
President`s interview has irked Russia. Russian politicians said it was the aggressive televised revenge against the movies aired on Russian TVs about the president of Belarus Aleksandr Lukashenko.
Belarus 1st Channel airs interview with Saakashvili - 16.07.10, Rustavi 2
The First Channel of the Belarus Television has aired an interview with the president of Georgia Mikheil Saakashvili. Georgian president said the demands put forth by the Russian Federation to Georgia were unintelligible for him. The journalist of the Topical Interview put questions to Saakashvili on various issues.
Saakashvili reiterated that Georgian territories were occupied by Russia. He expressed his hope, that despite Russia`s permanent pressure, Belarus would take right and reasonable decision regarding the recognition of Georgia`s breakaway Abkhazia and Tskhinvali Region.
Saakashvili said tension between the neighbour countries affected the existence of Russian culture in Georgia.
`I always say that I may be the last president or the one before the last president of Georgia, who can quote Pushkin, Lermontov, Brodksi and Yesenin. The generations come, which can hardly understand what is where is Russia,` Saakashvili said.
President`s interview has irked Russia. Russian politicians said it was the aggressive televised revenge against the movies aired on Russian TVs about the president of Belarus Aleksandr Lukashenko.
Präsident Saakashvili Hails Belarus in Interview with Belarus State TV - 16.07.10, Civil Georgia
Georgia has “huge, huge sympathies towards the Belarus people” and Tbilisi enjoyed with Minsk’s support whenever it needed, President Saakashvili said in an interview aired by the Belarus state TV station on July 15.
Saakashvili said that during Georgia’s presence in Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) and also afterwards, “when there was a need of supporting each other, Belarus was always supporting [Georgia].”
He said that after Russia imposed embargo on import of Georgia’s key export products, during the CIS leaders’ summit in Minks in November, 2006 the leaders were served with Georgian wines and mineral waters. “By the way, the Russian leaders were also drinking our wine [at that summit],” Saakashvili added.
Saakashvili said that many people chose to fly from Georgia to various destinations via Minsk not only because the route was one of the cheapest, but also because “there are simple procedures and well-disposed custom officers” in Belarus. “A general climate itself attracts you [to Belarus],” Saakashvili said.
He said that Russia still continued “pressing Belarus” to recognize “our occupied territories – as the world now refers” to Abkhazia and South Ossetia.
“I think the Belarus will act wisely,” Saakashvili added.
On Russia and its leadership, Saakashvili said that it was “hard to understand what they want.”
“Anytime when we were conceding something, they wanted more and more,” he said and added that Moscow was offering Tbilisi a choice between “bad and worse”, which Georgia had rejected.
Speaker of Russian State Duma, Boris Gryzlov, said that allocating airtime to the interview with the Georgian President by the Belarus state-run television station was “an unfriendly step in respect of Russia.”
Russia’s state-funded English-language satellite channel, Russia Today, described airing of Saakashvili’s interview by the Belarus state TV “as a gesture of goodwill to Tbilisi” and “a way to irritate Moscow.”

ENTSCHEIDUNG GEGEN GEORGIEN IM RECHTSSTREIT UM DEN SATELLITENZUGANG
Das georgische Staatsfernsehen verliert sein russisches Publikum und beschuldigt Moskau - 16.07.2010, SZ
Für Moskau war der Erste Kaukasische Kanal eine Quelle 'antirussischer Propaganda'. Für Tiflis war er eine Möglichkeit, 'die Wahrheit über Georgien' in die ehemalige Sowjetunion zu tragen.
Nun hat ein französisches Gericht Georgiens Pläne zur Verbreitung der Wahrheit beendet. ...
Öffentlicher Fernsehsender GPB: ‘Entscheidung des Pariser Gerichtshofs in der Sache unfair’ - 14.07.10, Civil Georgia
The Georgian Public Broadcaster (GPB) said it was “disappointed” with a decision of the Paris court of commerce, which ruled against GPB’s lawsuit against Europe’s leading satellite operator, Eutelsat.
“[The broadcaster] thinks that the court's verdict is unfair and groundless,” the GPB said in a statement late on July 13 and added that it was now considering whether to appeal the verdict or not.
According to GPB, court costs, related to case against Eutelsat, was up to GEL 900,000 (about USD 490,000).
In its ruling on July 12, the Paris-based court rejected GPB’s motion demanding from Eutelsat to restore its Russian-language First Caucasian Channel back on W7 satellite operating at the 36 degrees East - a key location for broadcasting in Russia and other CIS states. GPB was also seeking reimbursement of financial damage caused by removal of the First Caucasian Channel from Eutelsat’s satellite.
The GPB also said in the statement that it “continues working on further development of the First Caucasian Channel.”
“The decision has been taken to restore the channel’s broadcasting within next few months,” GPB said without giving further details.
After its removal from the satellite in January, the First Caucasian Channel was only available for viewers in Tbilisi through cable networks and on internet. But in early June the channel suspended broadcasting - although still keeping presence on internet - pending the decision of the Paris court of commerce.

Mehr Macht für Russlands Spione - 15.07.2010, Zeit
Die Staatsduma in Moskau beschloss, dem russischen Inlandsgeheimdienst FSB mehr Möglichkeiten zu geben. ... Der FSB kann Bürger allein bei auffälligem Verhalten zu einem "vorbeugenden Gespräch" vorladen, ohne Beweise vorzulegen. Sie handelt auf bloßen Verdacht. Damit soll eine mögliche spätere Straftat "gegen die Sicherheit des Landes" verhindert werden. .... Für Kritiker ist das Gesetz vor allem ein neues Mittel zur Einschüchterung Andersdenkender. ...

French foreign minister says Russia must be persuaded to pull troops out of Georgian regions - 15.07.2010, Winnipeg free press
Bernard Kouchner to reporters: "Russia must leave the territory of Georgia and France must apply maximum strength so that this is done." ...

EU gibt Georgien Rückendeckung - 15.07.2010, euronews
Die EU will Georgien stärker unterstützen und hat Verhandlungen für ein Assoziierungsabkommen aufgenommen. Die EU-Außenbeauftragte Catherine Ashton setzt sich bei ihrem Besuch für eine diplomatische Regelung des Kaukasus-Konflikts ein. ...

Trotz aller Schwierigkeiten Gespräch mit Russland suchen, sagt Kouchner zu Georgien - 15.07.2010, Civil Georgia
Despite all the difficulties, Georgia should engage in talks with Russia, Bernard Kouchner, the French foreign minister, said during his visit to Tbilisi on July 15.
Kouchner’s visit came five weeks after Saakashvili met with French counterpart, Nicolas Sarkozy, in Paris.
He reiterated support for Georgia’s territorial integrity and said that the August 12 six-point ceasefire agreement, mediated by Nicolas Sarkozy in capacity of EU presidency, was still in place, which should be fully implemented by Russia.
Kouchner said that France and EU were raising this issue in talks with Russia and work was ongoing to secure full implementation of the six-point ceasefire agreement.
He, however, also said that only two years have passed since the August war and it was not possible to achieve any significant progress in such a short period of time.
“Russian [forces] should be pulled back to the positions they held prior to the August war. What do you expect me to do in terms of pressing Russia [to fulfill this agreement], except of having talks with [Russia]?” Kouchner said.
“We try to achieve success in frames of Geneva discussions and we try to talks as much as possible with Russia,” he added. "Russia must leave the territory of Georgia and France must apply maximum strength to achieve it."
“I am grateful that Bernard Kouchner today and previously mentioned the word‘ ‘occupation’; that’s exactly describes the situation on the ground in occupied territories,” President Saakashvili said at the joint news conference with Kouchner.
Georgia tries to establish internationally a term “occupied territories” in reference of Abkhazia and South Ossetia. During her visit to Georgia on July 5, U.S. Secretary of State, Hillary Clinton, spoke against Russia’s “continued occupation” of Abkhazia and South Ossetia. Russia said in response that use of term “occupation” by Clinton was “groundless”.
Kouchner said that although he mentioned the term “occupation” in reference to Abkhazia and South Ossetia, but the conflict would not be solved through use of this term.
Before meeting with President Saakashvili, Kouchner spoke about European policy issues to an audience in Europe House in Tbilisi.
The French Foreign Minister told the audience, involving representatives of political parties, civil society and media, that although it was not easy for Georgia to engage in talks with Russia, it was necessary.
President Saakashvili did not directly address the issue of talks with Russia at the joint news conference with Kouchner, but he made a statement on the matter on June 29, when he said that Tbilisi was ready for talks with Russia “without pre-conditions” despite Moscow’s stance that it would not negotiate with Georgia’s current leadership.
“We are fully ready to hold comprehensive talks with Russia without any pre-conditions on normalization of relations,” Saakashvili said on June 29 and added: “This normalization means [talks] on return of 500,000 displaced persons back to their homes and restoration of their property rights, as well as on other issues related with bilateral relations, including political, economic, diplomatic and humanitarian aspects.”
“We have no interest in having confrontation with Russia; we are ready to talk with the Russian leadership, which unlike the Georgian one is elected through violation of all the international norms and that’s observed by international organizations; despite of that it is the Russian leadership and we recognize it as partner in negotiations and we want to have talks with them providing that Georgia should be recognized as united, sovereign, independent state,” Saakashvili added.
On Thursday morning Kouchner met with Georgian opposition representatives, including Irakli Alasania, leader of Our Georgia-Free Democrats; Nino Burjanadze, ex-parliamentary speaker and leader of Democratic Movement-United Georgia; Tina Khidasheli of Republican Party and MP Petre Mamradze of Movement for Fair Georgia, party led by ex-PM Zurab Nogaideli. Opposition representative said that internal political situation and democracy, as well as issues related with Russia were discussed.
Before departure from Tbilisi, the French Foreign Minister visited a settlement of internally displaced persons in the village of Koda.
In an interview with Euronews this week, French Minister for European Affair, Pierre Lellouche, said that Paris was Georgia’s friend and France considered recognition of Abkhazia and South Ossetia by Russia as illegitimate.
“The so called independence of these territories, locally declared and recognised by Russia, for us has no legal jurisdiction,” he said. “Furthermore, I think it is a mistake to give a false sovereignty to territories which are in fact enclaves within a sovereign country. It creates precedents which benefit no one, absolutely no one. And some people in Moscow understand that.”

Georgien - Antisa Chwitschawa mit 130 Jahren angeblich ältester Mensch der Welt - 08.07.2010, Focus
Die Georgierin Antisa Chwitschawa ist mit einem Alter von 130 Jahren angeblich der älteste Mensch der Welt. Sie sei am 8. Juli 1880 geboren, erklärte ein Sprecher des nationalen Melderegisters am Donnerstag. Die frühere Teepflückerin sei schon 1965 mit 85 Jahren in Rente gegangen und lebe in einem abgelegenen Bergdorf. ...

Abchasische Abgeordnete verurteilten die Ausstrahlung des georgischen Dokumentarfilms “Absence of Will” durch einen lokalen Sender - 09.07.2010, Civil Georgia
Lawmakers in breakaway Abkhazia passed on July 9 a statement condemning broadcasting of a Georgian documentary film on the conflict by the Abkhaz television station.
Authors of “Absence of Will”, documentary produced by Tbilisi-based Studio Re, try to take a critical view of Georgian policies towards Abkhazia and South Ossetian not only in run up to the August war, but also in late 80s and early 90s of last century. (The film is available on this link with English subtitles).
The 50-minute long film was broadcasted by the Sokhumi-based “Abkhaz State TV and Radio Company” on June 23, followed by discussions in the TV studio.
The move by the TV station angered many politicians and public figures in Abkhazia, culminating with the statement of the breakaway region’s legislative body. The statement was passed after the film was screened separately for the lawmakers. ...

Moskau ärgert sich über Hillary Clintons Besuch in Tiflis - 07.07.2010, Welt
... Putin warnte die Georgier, sich Hilfe "von dritter Seite" zu holen, was auf die USA gemünzt war. Dass russische Truppen in Südossetien stehen und Moskau in Abchasien Militärbasen plant, stört die Kritik aus Moskauer Sicht aber nicht: Russland sieht im Kaukasus seine ureigene Einflusszone. ...

Regierung bestätigt "Plan zum Engagement durch Kooperation", welcher die Strategie für die besetzten Gebiete darlegt - 07.07.2010, Civil Georgia
The Georgian government approved on July 3 an Action Plan for Engagement – a document laying out steps for implementing goals of Tbilisi’s Strategy on Occupied Territories: Engagement through Cooperation.
The Strategy and its Action Plan, according to the government, provide “human-centered approach” designed to reduce “isolation” and “improve welfare” of people living in breakaway Abkhazia and South Ossetia.
The Action Plan, which has been developed and which will be overseen by the Office of Georgian State Minister for Reintegration, centers around seven “instruments” the government offers to put in place to achieve the goals of the Strategy.
These seven instruments are: status-neutral liaison mechanism; neutral identification card and travel document; trust fund; joint investment fund; cooperation agency; financial institution and integrated social-economic zone.
Status-Neutral Liaison Mechanism
Tbilisi offers to establish a status-neutral liaison mechanism under the umbrella of international humanitarian organization with offices in Sokhumi, Tskhinvali and Tbilisi.
The goal of this mechanism, according to the Action Plan, should be facilitation of communication between the Georgian government and “the authorities in control in Abkhazia and the Tskhinvali region/South Ossetia” – the term which the Strategy refers to the Sokhumi-based and Tskhinvali-based authorities, which usually are described by the Georgian officials as Moscow’s “proxy” or “puppet regimes”.
The same mechanism, the Action Plan says, should also be in charge of executing “mutually approved projects and support implementers in their operations.”
The status-neutral liaison mechanism will consist of liaison officers appointed with the consent of the both sides and their “small staff” based in Sokhumi, Tskhinvali and Tbilisi.
The Action Plan notes that this mechanism can be based on previous arrangements, in case of Abkhazia such as the Georgian-Abkhaz Coordination Commission (or Council). There was the attempt back in 2006 to revitalize this Commission. But only one meeting in frames of this arrangement was held in Tbilisi in May, 2006.
Neutral Identification Card and Travel Document
The Action Plan proposes amendments to the Georgian legislature that will allow issuing of neutral identification cards and travel documents (neutral with respect to citizenship status) to the residents of the breakaway regions.
Authorities in Sokhumi and Tskhinvali have often complained that the residents of the regions, which hold Russian passports, are denied in entry visas to Europe and the United States.
Apart of allowing holders of these documents to travel abroad, they will also be able to gain access to social and education services available in the rest of Georgia, according to the Action Plan. For the residents of Abkhazia, such documents will be written in Abkhaz and Georgian languages, which are official language in Abkhazia, according to the Georgian constitution.
Trust Fund
An international organization-managed trust fund, according to the Action Plan, will be established, which will serve as an advisory body for donors, providing grants to implementing organizations in Abkhazia and South Ossetia.
Joint Investment Fund
It will be a privately operated body, funded by donor and business organizations, to provide seed money for ventures on the both sides of “division lines”.
Cooperation Agency
Cooperation Agency will be a legal person of public law under the Office of Georgian State Ministry for Reintegration, established to assist in carrying out state-funded programs.
“It will assist organisations that seek help in finding partners across the division lines, coordinate the efforts of local authorities to improve the local operating environments, ensure that project activity and business development complies with Georgian and international law,” the Action Plan reads.
Financial Institution
The Action Plan offers setting up of Financial Institution in Sokhumi and Tskhinvali to facilitate cash transfers and other transactions. The document says that such institution can be operated by a bank, which already operates in Georgia.
Integrated Social-Economic Zone
The Action Plan proposes creation of this zone in the adjacent areas of the administrative borders with facilities for business and social services. Enterprises and population in these zones “may be exempted from some taxes,” according to the document.
Both Tskhinvali and Sokhumi have rejected for number of times to even discuss Georgia’s Strategy. Abkhaz leader, Sergey Bagapsh, said in February that the Strategy was “a guideline of what Abkhazia should not do.”

HILLARY CLINTON IN GEORGIEN: UNERSCHÜTTERLICHE UNTERSTÜTZUNG
Hillary Clinton kritisiert Russland - 06.07.2010, Stern
US-Außenministerin Hillary Clinton hat Russland bei ihrem Besuch in Georgien vorgeworfen, sich nicht an den mit der Kaukasusrepublik geschlossenen Waffenstillstand zu halten. ...
Georgien: USA kritisieren Russlands Militärbasis-Pläne - 05.07.2010, FOCUS
US-Außenministerin Hillary Clinton kritisierte heute Russlands Pläne zum Bau von Militärstützpunkten in den von Georgien abtrünnigen Regionen Abchasien und ...
Clinton versichert Saakaschwili US-Unterstützung - 05.07.2010, derStandard.at
Zum Abschluss ihrer Kaukasus-Reise hat US-Außenministerin Hillary Clinton Georgien Unterstützung im anhaltenden Streit mit Russland zugesagt. ...
Clinton vows support to Georgia, pushes for Russian troop withdrawal - 05.07.2010, Washington Post
Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton on Monday reassured Georgia that the Obama administration would continue to press for Russian troops to withdraw from its territory, even as Washington seeks a warmer relationship with Moscow. ... Clinton said the reset of relations with Russia had produced important results, including a new nuclear-arms treaty and assistance on Iranian sanctions. "However, at the very same time we continue to object to, and criticize, actions by Russia which we believe are wrong. At the top of the list is the invasion and occupation of Georgia," she said. ...
Clinton Seeks to Reassure Russia's Neighbors - 05.07.2010,
New York Times - ‎Vor 1 Stunde‎
At the end of a trip aimed to reassure Russia's neighbors that the Obama administration would not forget them in its push to improve ...
US Continues to Oppose Russian Occupation of Georgia: Clinton - 05.07.2010, BusinessWeek
The US continues to “speak out” against Russia's “occupation” of two Georgian regions, Secretary of State Hillary ...
Clinton Pledges US Support For Georgia - 05.07.2010, RadioFreeEurope/RadioLiberty
US Secretary of State Hillary Clinton issued a robust show of support for Georgia today by vowing to uphold its "territorial integrity" and ...
US-Außenministerin Clinton beteuert nochmals Georgien’s ‘unerschütterliche’ Unterstützung - Clinton Reaffirms Georgia’s ‘Steadfast’ Support - 05.07.2010, Civil Georgia
Hillary Clinton, the U.S. secretary of state, reiterated Washington’s “steadfast” support to Georgia, spoke out against “the continued occupation” of Abkhazia and South Ossetia by Russia, called on Tbilisi not to be “provoked” by Russia and not to be focused on the past.

Clinton vows support to Georgia, pushes for Russian troop withdrawal - 05.07.2010, Washington Post
Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton on Monday reassured Georgia that the Obama administration would continue to press for Russian troops to withdraw from its territory, even as Washington seeks a warmer relationship with Moscow. ... Clinton said the reset of relations with Russia had produced important results, including a new nuclear-arms treaty and assistance on Iranian sanctions. "However, at the very same time we continue to object to, and criticize, actions by Russia which we believe are wrong. At the top of the list is the invasion and occupation of Georgia," she said. ...

Georgische Familie abgeschoben, 15-Jähriger spurlos verschwunden - 03.07.2010, nachrichten.at
... Die Abschiebung einer Familie aus Georgien, die sechs Jahre lang in Oberösterreich lebte, schlägt im Attergau hohe Wellen.  ... Am Montag wollte die Fremdenpolizei die in der Ortschaft Wildenhag gut integrierte Familie festnehmen, um sie nach Georgien abzuschieben. Der älteste Sohn der siebenköpfigen Familie war nicht da, als die Polizisten kamen. ...

BND-Agent verursachte tödlichen Unfall - 03.07.2010, Spiegel
... Ein deutscher Agent hatte im November vergangenen Jahres in Tiflis nach einem Zechgelage eine georgische Straßenkehrerin angefahren; die Frau erlag später ihren Verletzungen. Stark angetrunken beging er Fahrerflucht ... Als Ergebnis intensiver diplomatischer Verhandlungen musste der BND seinen Residenten abziehen ... er muss nun mit einer Anklage in Deutschland rechnen.

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US-Sekretär für Europa und Asien Philip Gordon sagt, dass beim Besuch von US-Außenministerin Hillary Clinton in Georgien den Fortschritt in der strategischen Partnerschaft und die lokalen Wahlen besprechen wird - 30.06.2010, Civil Georgia
Secretary of State, Hillary Clinton, will review the progress of U.S.-Georgia strategic partnership and results of the May 30 local elections when she visits Georgia on July 5, Philip Gordon, the assistant secretary of state for European and Eurasian affairs, said.
Clinton starts trip to Eastern Europe from July 1 with Ukraine, followed by Poland and then Azerbaijan, Armenia and Georgia.
In Tbilisi the U.S. Secretary of State will meet with President Saakashvili, Foreign Minister Grigol Vashadze, opposition and civil society representatives, as well as women’s leaders, Philip Gordon said.
“Any trip like this in multiple countries you have multiple goals,” he said on June 29, while briefing reporters in Washington about the upcoming visit. “I think a common theme that stretches across all of them is this theme of democracy.”
Gordon also said that he did not see this trip as “a sort of reassurance tour”, following the U.S. reset policy with Russia; he said there was no lack of understanding among the United States’ Eastern European partners that “the better relationship with Russia does not come at the expense of our relationship with sovereign, independent countries that are near Russia.”
“I suspect in both places [Ukraine and Georgia] the Secretary will talk to her counterparts about Russia, but I wouldn’t see it as the purpose of the trip,” he said. “We don’t think that anybody should have any concerns about the new and better relationship with Russia… But to the extent that anyone has concerns about our Russia policy, we’re happy to discuss them and, again, I’m sure in Poland, Ukraine, Georgia, Armenia, Azerbaijan, the issue of Russia will come up.”
He also reiterated that the U.S. continues calling on Russia to abide by its commitments undertaken under the August 12 six-point ceasefire agreement and to secure transparency in breakaway Abkhazia and South Ossetia through allowing international presence in those regions.
“We are dissatisfied with the situation there and we’ve made this clear. The President made it clear to President Medvedev last week and we’ve been consistent in noting that we respect Georgia’s sovereignty and territorial integrity,” Gordon said.

Adscharische Delegation besucht Cottbus und den Spreewald -29.06.20, Brandenburgisch-Georgischen Gesellschaft e.V.
Am 29.Juni besuchte die adscharische Abgeordnetendelegation Cottbus und den Spreewald. In Cottbus wurden die Gäste von Bürgermeister Kelch (CDU) und den Landtagsabgeordneten Jens Lipsdorf (FDP) empfangen. Hauptgegenstand der Gespräche waren Möglichkeiten der Zusammenarbeit auf kommunaler Ebene. Bei einer Fahrt durch den Spreewald wurden die Gäste von den Landtagsabgeordneten Lipsdorf (FDP), Schippel (SPD), Schier (CDU) sowie den ehemaligen Landtagsvizepräsident Martin Habermann (CDU) begleitet. Am Abend konstatierte der Vorsitzende der BrGG e.V Spetischwili, dass es im Ergebnis der Gepräche eine Reihe realistischer Vorschläge zu einer zukünftigen Zusammenarbeit gäbe, die es nun gilt, gemeinsam umzusetzen.

Besuch einer Delegation aus der
Autonomen Republik Adscharien im Land Brandenburg
Vom 28. Juni bis 1. Juli 2010 besucht eine Parlamentarierdelegation aus Adscharien auf Einladung von Landtagspräsidenten Fritsch unter Leitung des Parlamentspräsidenten Michail Macharadse das Bundesland Brandenburg. Begleitet wird die Gruppe vom Vorsitzenden der Brandenburgisch-Georgischen Gesellschaft e.V. Pawel Spetischwili. Gegenstand des Besuchs ist die Vertiefung der Brandenburgisch - Adscharischen Beziehungen sowie die Planung der weiteren Zusammenarbeit. Am Abend des 28. Juni 2010 wurde die Gruppe von der Botschafterin Georgiens I.E. Gabriela von Habsburg in Berlin zu einem Gespräch empfangen.

Präsident Saakashvili betont nochmals, dass das weiße Haus Abchasien und Südossetien "besetzte Gebiete" genannt hat - 29.06.2010, Civil Georgia
* ‘Our foreign policy intensified’;
* ‘French FM to visit Georgia in mid-July’;
* ‘Ready for talks with Russia’;
* ‘Russian leadership elected in violation of int’l norms’;
* ‘Launch of Association Agreement talks with EU in July historic’ ...

Descendant of first hominid species in Europe presented in Dmanisi - 27.06.10, Rustavi2
17-year-old girl, descendant of Mzia and Zezva, the first hominid species to settle in Europe was introduced to the society in Dmanisi town in Kvemo Kartli Region on Sunday. The girl`s age like her parents` is one million and 800 thousand years.
Model of the pre-historical teenager was prepared in France. The paradigm of Zezva and Mzia`s conditional child was made according to the scull that was found in Dmanisi in 2002. Like the models of teh firs Europeans, it was created by French specialist Elizabeth Deines as well.
Name for the oldest hominid will be chosen in consequence of a contest. After the presentation, the model of the teenager will stay in the open-air museum in Dmanisi.
`We would like that our discoveries be not only for science but for broader society. This is the concept of the Dmanisi Museum. We would be glad to have a lot of visitors here, who will be able to see how the scientists are working on the ground`, Davit Lortkipanidze, the director of the Georgian National Museum said.

TV anchor found killed in his apartment in Moscow - 26.06.10, Rustavi2
News anchor of Expert TV station Dmitry Okkert was found killed in his Moscow apartment on Friday morning. The 27-year-old journalist had multiple stab wounds on his body.
Russian news agencies report, the unknown offender inflicted at least 30 stab wounds on the journalist`s body. The investigation has not ascertained motive of the murder yet. According to one version, the journalist could be killed due to his professional work. According to another version, Okkert could be murdered by someone he knew quite closely, because having arrived at the crime scene, law enforcers found the door of the apartment locked.
Friend of the murdered journalists said Dmitry Okkert did not get in touch with them for three days, after what they visited the journalist`s apartment and found him dead there.

FIDE Women Grand Prix tournament in Jermuk: Toller Auftakt - 25.06.2010, Chessbase News
Oberste Instanz in solchen Fällen ist die legendäre sechsfache Frauenweltmeisterin Nona Gaprindashvili aus Georgien, die als Ehrengast nach Jermuk ... Für Georgien spielen mit Maia Chiburdanidze und Nana Dzagnidze. Tournament Players - Turnierseite

STALIN-STATUE IN GORI VERLEGT INS MUSEUM
Statue of Stalin removed in Georgia`s another town Tkibuli - 27.06.10, Rustavi2
Statue of Stalin has been removed in another town of Georgia. The Soviet leader`s monument was brought down outside the municipality of Tkibuli town, Imereti Region.
Representatives of the local government say reconstruction of the central district of the town is planned for his year and no place has been intended for the Stalin`s statue in the plan.
The statue was dismantled on Saturday evening. Locals say the monument had to be removed long ago, especially after the August war in 2008. 
Saakashvili comments on dismantling of Stalin monument - 25.06.10, Rustavi2
President has responded to the protest of some politicians regarding the dismantling of Stalin monument in the centre of Gori. Mikheil Saakashvili said it was unacceptable to have the monuments of the people, who played such negative roles in the history of the country.
`I support the idea that in Georgia we should not have the monuments of those people, who initiated arrival of occupier forces and occupation of the country. We have no right to have monuments of people who organized the occupation and who fought against the occupation at the same time,` Saakashvili said and added that no longer having the monument of Stalin in Gori was not the attempt to re-write the history.
`This is a history and we should treat it without vandalism,` Saakashvili said and concluded that the monument would place in the museum of Stalin.
In Gori wurde die Stalin-Statue vom zentralen Stadtplatz zum Museum versetzt - 25.06.2010, Civil Georgia
In an unannounced move, after midnight on June 25, the authorities removed the bronze statue of Soviet dictator Joseph Stalin from the central square of his hometown of Gori.
The statue, which is planned to be moved to Stalin’s museum in Gori, will be replaced with a memorial of “victims of totalitarian regime and of the August war,” officials said. ...
Georgien: Stalins Geburtsstadt verbannt Denkmal des Diktators - 25.06.2010, Spiegel
Unerwünscht nach 58 Jahren: In einer nächtlichen Aktion hat die georgische Geburtsstadt des sowjetischen Diktators Stalin dessen Bronzedenkmal abmontiert. ...
Josef Stalin: Stalin-Statue in Geburtsstadt Gori abmontiert - 25.06.2010, FOCUS
In Gori, der Geburtsstadt von Josef Stalin, ist die Bronze-Statue des Diktators abmontiert worden. Nicht alle Einwohner von Gori waren mit der Entscheidung ...
Nachteinsatz in Georgien - 25.06.2010, derStandard
Gori - In der georgischen Geburtstadt Stalins, Gori, haben die Behörden mitten in der Nacht eine riesige Statue des früheren Sowjet-Machthabers entfernt. ...
Stalin statue removed from hometown in Georgia - 25.06.2010, Telegraph.co.uk
A giant statue of Josef Stalin that stood in his hometown for almost six decades has been toppled as Georgia finally disowned its most infamous son. ...
In town where Joseph Stalin was born, tyrant is finally toppled - 25.06.2010, The Guardian
For over half a century a forbidding statue of Joseph Stalin loomed over Gori, the Georgian town where the Soviet Union's most notorious tyrant was born. ...

Wiener Ermittler: Georgiens Mafia plante Umsturz - 22.06.2010, Frankfurter Rundschau
Bei den Protesten in Georgien gegen Präsident Michail Saakaschwili vor einem Jahr sollen einflussreiche Verbrecherkartelle eine maßgebliche Rolle gespielt haben. Auf entsprechende Hinweise sind österreichische Fahnder bei ihren Ermittlungen gegen eine europaweit agierende georgische Mafia-Organisation gestoßen. Aus einem Ermittlungsbericht des österreichischen Bundeskriminalamtes (BKA) geht hervor, dass die Organisation mit Hilfe hochrangiger Beamter des Innenministeriums in Tiflis 2009 offenbar den Sturz der georgischen Regierung plante. ... Aus den abgehörten Telefonaten in Österreich und Deutschland erfuhren die Beamten demnach, dass der - inzwischen festgenommene - Inhaber eines Restaurants im Wiener Stadtzentrum als "Bindeglied" zwischen der Schuschanaschwili-Organisation und der außerparlamentarischen georgischen Opposition fungierte. Der Restaurantsbesitzer stehe in ständigem Kontakt mit dem in Moskau lebenden Igor Giorgadze, heißt es in dem Bericht. Giorgadze ist ehemaliger georgischer Staatssicherheitsminister, der sich im September 1995 nach einem gescheiterten Anschlag gegen den damaligen Präsidenten Schewardnadse nach Russland abgesetzt hatte. Tiflis fahndet über Interpol mit internationalem Haftbefehl nach ihm. ... "Dieser Giorgadze ist bestrebt, einen Umsturz in Georgien herbeizuführen, indem Demonstrationen organisiert und durch Provokationen Polizeikräfte zu Gewaltausbrüchen verleitet werden sollen. Anschließend sollen in von ihnen kontrollierten Medien Berichte und Kampagnen gestartet werden, welche zum Sturz der Regierung führen sollen." ...

Deutsche Wirtschaftsvereinigung Georgien veröffentlicht neue Kurzstudien - 22.06.2010
Die Deutsche Wirtschaftsvereinigung Georgien (DWVG) präsentiert drei neue Kurzstudien innerhalb der hauseigenen Reihe „Georgien Kompakt“. In den neu erschienenen Berichten werden die Bereiche Gesundheitssektor, Unternehmensgründung sowie das Europäische Nachbarschaftsprogramm ENPI thematisiert. Die aktuelle Situation des georgischen Gesundheitssektors, Registrierungsformalitäten bei der Unternehmensgründung sowie Vergabeverfahren, Zuständigkeiten, der Weg zur Förderung und Antragsrichtlinien innerhalb des Programms ENPI sind Gegenstand der vier bis acht Seiten um-fassenden Studien. Die kostenlosen Publikationen stehen auf der Homepage der DWVG zum Download bereit:
“Georgien Kompakt: Gesundheitssektor”. Die achtseitige Kurzstudie gibt einen Einblick über die aktuelle Situation des Gesundheitssektors in Georgien.
“Georgien Kompakt: Unternehmensgründung”. Die fünfseitige Kurzstudie bietet Einsicht über Registrierungsformalitäten bei der Unternehmensgründung in Georgien.
“Georgien Kompakt: Eurpäisches Nachbarschaftsprogramm ENPI”. Die vierseitige Kurzstudie gibt einen Überblick über Vergabeverfahren und Zuständigkeiten, den Weg zur Förderung und Antragsrichtlinien.
Georgien Kompakt: Gesundheitssektor
Georgien Kompakt: Unternehmensgründung
Georgien Kompakt: Europäisches Nachbarschaftsprogramm ENPI

Vaclav Havel: They Kill Justice in Russia - On tue la justice en Russie - 12.06.10, Rustavi 2/Monde
Open letter by Vaclav Havel and other world-famous political and public figures, who addressed Russian President Dmitry Medvedev: `Death of Eduard Chuvashov A judge killed in cold blood on April 12 in Moscow, added a new name to the excessively long list of murders committed against those who try to bring justice to victims of crimes in Russia, essential task for the future of Russian society`.
Vaclav Havel mentions Ana Politkovskaya, Stanislav Makarov, Natalya Estemirova, Makshrip Aushev, Ivan Khutorsky and says those people were determined to improve Russia`s reputation on human rights and expose the truth about their violations.
We urge the Russian government to stop once and for all the chain of human tragedies. By allowing the killing of people whose sole purpose is the preservation of human dignity, Russia is choking any hope for a better future. At least the Russian authorities fail in what should be the central function of any government: to protect the lives and physical security of all its citizens. To make matters worse, none of these murders has been investigated, and none of the perpetrators has been brought to justice. ...
"Der Georgien-Krieg galt dem Westen" - Welt, 14.06.2010              >>Bücher
Hat Russland dem Westen den Krieg erklärt? Wer Ronald D. Asmus lauscht, könnte zu diesem Schluss kommen. Der amerikanische Ex-Diplomat, Jahrgang 1957, und jetzige Vertreter des German Marshall Fund in Brüssel hat ein wichtiges Buch geschrieben, das bald in vier Übersetzungen vorliegen soll. Er ahnt, wie er sagt, „dass meine Botschaft in Deutschland nicht populär sein wird“. In diesem Buch heißt es, dass die russische Intervention in Georgien im August 2008 „nicht nur gegen Georgien, sondern im weiteren Sinne gegen den Westen gerichtet war“ (A little war that shook the world. Georgia, Russia, and the future of the West. Palgrave Macmillan, New York 2010). ...

Ministers reaffirm support for Georgia’s Euro-Atlantic aspirations  - NATO, 11.06.2010
On the morning of 11 June, the NATO-Georgia Commission met at the level of Defence Ministers for a discussion about the current security situation in the country and about NATO-Georgia cooperation.

Abchasiens Präsident "Wir brauchen keine diplomatische Anerkennung" - Welt, 10.06.2010
Abchasiens Präsident Bagapsch spricht mit WELT ONLINE über die Olympischen Spiele und das Verhältnis seines Landes zu Russland.

Präsident Saakashvili trifft franz. Präsident Sarkozy - 09.06.2010, Civil Georgia
Sarkozy: " ... Frankreich unterstützt Georgien absolut in jeder Frage ohne Vorbedingungen ..."

International Crisis Group (ICG) legt Bericht zur Abhängigkeit Tskhinvali’s von Russland vor - 07.06.2010, Civil Georgia
"... wandelt sich in eine russische Garnison, da das russische Militär schon ein Sechstel der Bevölkerung stellt ..."
South Ossetia: The Burden of Recognition - Tskhinvali/Tbilisi/Istanbul/Moscow/Brussels
All parties involved in the South Ossetia conflict should work to ensure freedom of movement and other basic cooperative mechanisms without status or other political preconditions, so as to reduce the risk of instability and meet basic local needs.
South Ossetia: The Burden of Recognition , the latest report from the International Crisis Group, is based on extensive field research in the isolated entity. It examines economic, political and security situation and the extent of dominance from Moscow, especially since the August 2008 war between Georgia and Russia. Only four countries, including Russia, have recognised the tiny breakaway territory that Crisis Group found enjoys no more independence than it did before the conflict
All other countries consider South Ossetia an integral part of Georgia, and its prospects for true independence are poor. The war dealt a heavy physical, economic, demographic and political blow. The permanent population – shrinking since the early 1990’s – now is unlikely to be much more than 30,000. Due to corruption, the $840 million Russia has so far contributed has not significantly improved local conditions. With traditional trading routes to the rest of Georgia closed, the economy has been reduced to little more than a service provider for the Russian military and construction personnel.
“Recognition of South Ossetia as an independent state actually has consolidated its dependence”, says Lawrence Sheets, Crisis Group’s Caucasus Project Director. “Since 2008, South Ossetia’s situation closely mirrors that of Russia’s North Caucasus republics with 99 per cent of its budget and half its government staff coming from Russia”.
In violation of the 2008 ceasefire accords, Russia keeps excess troops in the region and blocks virtually all access to international organisations, including the EU Monitoring Mission (EUMM). It should fully implement its international commitments and encourage the Ossetians to engage with Georgian authorities on issues including free movement of people and goods, security and step-by-step return of the approximately 20,000 ethnic Georgians who remain displaced.
To avoid turning South Ossetia into a “no man’s land”, all sides should focus on the population’s practical needs and grievances. Moscow should put strict controls on its financial transfers and tackle corruption and human rights violations by local authorities. International organisations should continue or renew contacts with the de facto local authorities and civil society and keep engaging with Russia and Georgia on South Ossetia.
Georgia should look for ways to engage with Ossetians by actively supporting free movement and small-scale economic activity for locals across the Administrative Boundary Line (ABL), as well as encourage the EU, UN, Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe and other bodies to develop initiatives to loosen South Ossetian dependence on Russia.
“It will take a long time to rebuild any trust between the Ossetians and Georgians”, said Sabine Freizer, Crisis Group’s Europe Program Director. “Only the example of a prosperous and democratic state, responsive to human rights issues in the breakaway regions and the grievances of its national minorities, may eventually encourage South Ossetians to regain trust in Georgia”.

Geschäfte so einfach wie in Norwegen - 06.06.2010, Ost-West-Contact
Weltbank gibt gute Noten/ Deutsche Unternehmen in der Bauindustrie tätig/ Gute Böden für Hipp-Produkte
Georgien, das kleine Land im Kaukasus, das ungefähr so groß ist wie Bayern, genoss kürzlich im „Doing Business 2010“-Bericht der Weltbank eine positive Bewertung für die Reformen bei Firmengründungen und Gewerbezulassungen. In der Gesamtwertung „Ease of Doing Business“ erreichte Georgien Platz elf von insgesamt 183 und landete somit direkt hinter Norwegen. ...
Georgien, kleines Land mit großen Chancen? Im vergangenen Jahr waren die Direktinvestitionen trotz des kriegsbedingten Imageschadens und trotz der internationalen Finanzkrise relativ hoch. Nach Angaben der Statistikbehörde flossen von Januar bis September 2009 ca. 505 Millionen US-Dollar ins Land . In den ersten drei Quartalen 2008 waren es 1,3 Milliarden US-Dollar. Letztlich ist Georgien vergleichsweise gut durch die Wirtschaftskrise gekommen. Bereits für das laufende Jahr prognostizierte der Internationale Währungsfonds Georgien ein Wirtschaftswachstum von zwei Prozent.

Ukrainischer Präsident Yanukovych: Anerkennung von Abchasien, Südossetien und Kosovo seien eine Verletzung internationaler Gesetze und Normen - 04.06.2010, Civil Georgia
Recognition of breakaway Abkhazia, South Ossetia and Kosovo as independent states is “a violation of international laws and norms,” Ukrainian President Victor Yanukovych said on June 4, as quoted by the Russian news agencies.
“I have never recognized Abkhazia, South Ossetia and Kosovo as independent states,” he said at a news conference. “There are international norms and laws which prohibit infringement of territorial integrity of any state. We have no right to welcome those processes in the world, where violation of territorial integrity of a country is taking place.”

Litauisches Parlament verurteilt die "Okkupation" von Abchasien und Südossetien in einer neuen Resolution - 02.06.2010, Civil Georgia
Lithuanian Parliament passed a resolution on June 1 condemning “aggression” and “occupation” parts of Georgian territories by Russia. The resolution was welcomed in Tbilisi with officials highlighting the fact that the resolution describes breakaway Abkhazia and South Ossetia as occupied territories. ...
Weine wie vor 6000 Jahren - 21.05.2010, diepresse.com
Sie füllen Weine in Ton-Amphoren und vergraben sie im Boden. Renommierte heimischer Winzer nähern sich mit diesen Methoden der Wiege des Weinbaus. Diese steht in Georgien. Eine Weinreise in die Vergangenheit. ... Ewald Tscheppe vom Weingut Werlitsch in Leutschach produziert seit einigen Jahren Amphorenweine. Er füllt den Wein sogar in eigene Tonflaschen ab. „Im Ton reift der Wein natürlicher“, meint er. Bei den Konsumenten stoße er mit seinen Weinen „entweder auf großes Interesse und Begeisterung oder auf Ablehnung“, erzählt er. „Das ist sicher ein Wein, der polarisiert.“ ... Die Weinmesse VieVinum findet von 29. bis 31. Mai in der Wiener Hofburg statt. Am 30. Mai von 14 bis 16 Uhr präsentiert die Vereinigung „Schmecke das Leben“: „Von leichtem Welschriesling und Amphorenwein zu schwefelfreiem Ausbau und Erdfässern“.

LOKALE WAHLEN IN GEORGIEN     >>2010 - Lokale Wahlen in Georgien
Georgian local elections mark evident progress, but significant shortcomings remain to be addressed - 31.05.2010, OSZE
Yesterday's municipal elections in Georgia marked evident progress towards meeting international standards, but significant shortcomings remain to be addressed, international observers concluded in a statement released today...
International election observers to present findings at press conference in Tbilisi on Monday - 29.05.2010, OSZE
The international observers deployed by the OSCE Office for Democratic Institutions and Human Rights (OSCE/ODIHR) and the Council of Europe's Congress of Local and Regional Authorities will present their preliminary statement...
Überblick zur Berichterstattung im Fernsehen bezüglich der lokalen Wahlen - 05.06.2010, Civil Georgia

Imedi TV has dedicated almost half of its election-related coverage in its main news programs started from April 26 to the incumbent Tbilisi mayor candidate, Gigi Ugulava - more than any other five television stations being under monitoring in frames of project supported by EU Delegation to Georgia and UN Development Programme (UNDP). Imedi TV's coverage of Ugulava was either positive or neutral.

Follow links below to view details of monitoring results:

Length of coverage time allocated to candidates and coverage tone May 26-June 1 - pdf

Aggregate results for all four weeks on length and tone of coverage April 26-June 1 – pdf

Caucasus Research Resource Center (CRRC) has been monitoring main news bulletins and selected talk shows on three national television stations - public broadcaster's First Channel; Rustavi 2 TV and Imedi TV and three local Tbilisi stations - Kavkasia TV; Maestro TV and Real TV.
NATO-Generalsekretär Anders Fogh Rasmussen zu lokalen Wahlen in Georgien: "... frei und fair ... mit positiver Wirkung für die NATO-Beziehungen ..." - 04.06.2010, Civil Georgia
The way how May 30 local elections were held in Georgia will have “a positive impact” on NATO-Georgia relations, Anders Fogh Rasmussen, NATO secretary general, said while speaking at a session of the NATO Parliamentary Assembly in Riga on June 1.
He made the remarks in response to a question asked by a Georgian lawmaker from the ruling party, Giorgi Kandelaki, during the question and answer session.
“We appreciate that elections took place in a way, which has been recognized as free and fair by the international community. You asked me which impact these elections will have on Georgia’s relationship with NATO. Of course the positive impact. But I have also to say, we had expected these elections to take place in a way which could be considered as free and fair. It is of course an important element in Georgia’s fulfillment of the requirement within NATO-Georgia Commission and the Annual National Programme [a document, laying out the country’s reform targets],” Rasmussen said.

"Alliance for Georgia" zweifelt das Ergebnis in einem Wahldistrikt in Tbilisi an - 04.06.2010, Civil Georgia
Davit Saganelidze von der "New Rights Party" reklamiert Wahlfälschung, obwohl Vakhtang Natsvlishvili bereits vorher einen knappen Vorsprung hatte.
Alliance for Georgia said it was challenging early results of elections in one of Tbilisi’s single-mandate constituencies in an attempt to secure one more seat in the Tbilisi City Council.
Davit Saganelidze of New Rights Party, part of Alliance for Georgia, was running in majoritarian contest in one of single mandate constituencies of Tbilisi’s Vake district. According to the early results a ruling party candidate, Vakhtang Natsvlishvili, has a narrow lead over Saganelidze; but the latter claims that his rival candidate gained more votes only as a result of “falsification” that occurred during the vote count in several precincts of the constituency, which should become a reason for a repeat vote.
As of late June 3, according to Central Election Commission, vote results of only five precincts have been annulled - all in provinces, including three in Lagodekhi, Mestia and Mtskheta districts and two precincts in Sagarejo district.
Voting for majoritarian candidates was not held at all in three precincts, located in Tsalka, Tsageri and Oni districts, because of the problems related to majoritarian contest ballot papers.
Repeat elections in all of these precincts will be held tentatively on June 12, according to the Central Election Commission.

USA über die lokalen Wahlen in Georgien: Fortschritte zu int. Standards - 03.06.2010, Civil Georgia
Echoing OSCE observation mission’s findings, the U.S. Department of State said Georgia’s May 30 local elections marked progress towards meeting international standards for democratic elections.
“But we also agree with the OSCE that significant shortcomings need to be addressed,” Philip J. Crowley, a spokesman for the Department of State, said on June 2.
“We are encouraged by the Central Election Commission’s efforts to increase transparency and responsiveness to electoral concerns,” he said.
The Central Election Commission (CEC) said on June 2 that results in five precincts were annulled, because of violations observed during the vote count in those polling stations and in one case – precinct in Mestia district - vote summary protocol was missing.
CEC has time to approve final vote tally protocol till June 23.
Alasania nennt das Wahlergebnis "noch weit entfernt von einem Erfolg, aber schafft eine Basis für einen Erfolg bei den Parlamentswahlen 2012" - 03.06.2010, Civil Georgia
Irakli Alasania, leader of four-party Alliance for Georgia (AFG), said the local election result was far from being a success for his coalition, but it created opportunity on which success could be built for 2012 parliamentary elections.
"Improvement of the current electoral environment and winning the parliamentary elections - these are the issues on which we are now focused," he told Tbilisi-based Maestro TV's program, Straightforward Conversation, late on June 2.
Alasania came second in the Tbilisi mayoral race after the incumbent with 19% of votes.
Referring to President Saakashvili's remarks made earlier on June 2 about the next elections, Alasania warned the authorities not to try "to tailor new constitution on thier own interests."
President Saakashvili said at government session: “The nearest elections will not be held within, at least, two years or even more – I do not know exactly how [new] constitution will be formulated."
"I want to warn the authorities, that our patience also has limits," Alasania said. "If the authorities started to tailor the constitution on thier own interests, it will have irreconcilable response from us, as well as from the international community."
He also said that new constitution should be endorsed through referendum and the new constitution's "legitimacy will be doubtful" if it was passed by the sitting parliament.
He said that the results of the local elections took AFG on the top of the opposition forces making it "a leading opposition force in the country."
But AFG's claims on this status are challenged by Christian-Democratic Movement (CDM), a leading party in the parliamentary minority.
Although CDM came third in Tbilisi elections with 12% after the ruling party (52.5%) and AFG (18%), it has out-polled other opposition parties, including AFG in majority of provincial municipalities. CDM also received much more votes in large towns - Kutaisi, Rustavi, Batumi and Poti - than AFG (for details see the results on the map).
MP Giorgi Targamadze, the leader of CDM, said after the elections that the results were success for his party.
“If any political organization has a firm ground to talk about success, it is us, the Christian-Democratic Movement, which gained the firm first place on the opposition front throughout Georgia,” he said.
Alasania, however, said that his alliance received in the provinces more than he expected. "It was a surprise for me," he said and added that the Alliance was making focus mainly on the contest in Tbilisi and it had not enough financial and human resources to properly campaign in the regions.
In general all the parties were making major focus on the Tbilisi contest, but the ruling party and CDM carried out more active campaigning in the regions than any other political party.
Alasania said that as part of preparing for the next elections, his coalition and in particular his party, Our Georgia-Free Democrats (OGFD), which he established year ago, would also focus on building party infrastructure in the regions.
He acknowledged that he was a bit disappointed with voter turnout in Tbilisi, 46.6%, as he expected about 60% or even 65%. Alasania said that some opposition parties' stance, apparently referring to those who were boycotting the elections, contributed to "nihilism" among part of opposition-minded voters.
He also said that the major achievement of the elections was that the developments had eventually moved "from stone-throwing into political process". "There is no other alternative rather than elections in order to change the government," he said.
Parteigruppierung "National Council" über die lokalen Wahlen: ... nennenswerte Verletzungen, Druck auf Wähler, weit entfernt von frei und fair ... - 02.06.2010, Civil Georgia
National Council, a coalition uniting Conservative Party, Party of People and ex-PM Zurab Nogaideli’s Movement for Fair Georgia, said local elections were marred by significant violations including pressure on voters and the polls could not be considered as free and fair.
“Hence, the National Council is not joining congratulations extended to the ruling party, because the election results are not based on free choice of the Georgian citizens,” the National Council said in a statement on June 2.
It also said that the coalition would continue to address violations observed during the elections through legal means including court proceedings.
The National Council said the opposition’s failure to unit and challenge the ruling party with united front was “the major reason” of the opposition’s failure in the local elections.
With slightly over 8%, the National Council was fourth in Tbilisi after the ruling National Movement party, Alliance for Georgia and Christian-Democratic Movement.
The National Council performed better in some provincial constituencies. It outpolled other opposition parties in at least seven provincial constituencies coming second after the ruling party in Adjara Autonomous Republic’s Kobuleti and Khulo, as well as in mountainous districts of Dusheti, Kazbegi, Tianeti. According to the results available as of now, the National Council has cleared 5% threshold, necessary for endorsing its candidates through party-list, proportional system in at least 23 municipalities. (For details see the map of election results).
“The National Council does not deem clearing threshold as a success in the local elections. The only success in today’s Georgia can be change of the Saakashvili’s regime… The National Council will continue fight for the change of the Saakashvili regime and is ready to cooperate with everyone, whose goal is a real change of these authorities,” the coalition said.

Präsident Saakashvili: nach den lokalen Wahlen nun Zeit, um mit den Reformen voranzuschreiten, da nächste Wahlen erst 2012 - 02.06.2010, Civil Georgia
Präsident Saakashvili: ‘Wahlen sollten Beispiel sein’ - 21.05.2010, Civil Georgia

President Saakashvili said on May 21, that the upcoming local elections should be “exemplary” as they have huge importance for country’s security.
“I think that we, as the best organized and leading political force in Georgia, have a double responsibility,” Saakashvili said in televised remarks made at a meeting with lawmakers from his ruling National Movement party.
“The first is to maintain the existing course of reforms – despite all difficulties, despite the fact that a new wave of economic crisis is raging in the world – and to bring the launched work to the end. And the second is to hold exemplary elections so that nobody has a reason to put a justified blame on us, as [these local elections] have a great internal and external political importance in terms of our security,” he said.
“I think that many steps were made forward by the election commission recently. There is unimaginable accessibility to media outlets. I do not know any election campaigns in many places of the world where all parties can talk on all TV channels for so many hours, where all parties can put their ads on all TV channels, including unprofitably for these channels, and of course, it has not remained unnoticed, including for foreign observers.”
He criticized opposition for making, as he said, unrealistic election promises of “cosmic scales”. ...
Übersicht zur lokalen Wahl - 21.05.2010, Civil Georgia
Voters in Georgia will elect 64 new municipal councils in May 30 local elections for a four-year term.
The major focus of the local elections is made on contest in the capital city, Tbilisi, which will directly elect its mayor for the first time.
Outcome of mayoral contest, as well as of party contest for Tbilisi Sakrebulo (City Council), in the capital city, where one-third of the country’s voters are concentrated, is believed to largely determine the country’s political landscape in run up to presidential elections in 2013, when Mikheil Saakashvili’s second and final term in office expires.
Municipal Councils (Sakrebulo)
Formally there are 69 local municipal councils (Sakrebulo), but authority of five of them will be automatically prolonged without elections; these are those five councils, which before the August, 2008 were located in the Georgian-controlled areas of breakaway Abkhazia (in Kodori gorge) and South Ossetia (Eredvi, Tigvi, Kurta and Akhalgori).
All the Councils are composed through both majoritarian and party-list, proportional system.
Proportional Contest
The seats allocated under the proportional system are distributed to the parties and election blocs, which clear a 5% threshold in provincial regions.
Lower threshold of 4% is set for Tbilisi City Council proportional contest.
Number of seats in majority of Councils distributed through proportional system is 10.
Exception is the capital city, where total of 25 proportional seats are for grab and three other major cities – Kutaisi, Batumi and Rustavi, where 15 seats in each are contested.
There are total of 670 proportional seats for grab in all 64 Councils.
Majoritarian Contest
Number of majoritarian seats varies in various municipal councils, depending on their size.
The largest is Tbilisi, where 25 majoritarian seats are for grab (there is total of 50 seats in the Tbilisi City Council).
In Tbilisi total of 228 majoritarian candidates have been nominated by about dozen of political parties and election blocs. Number of contenders in each of 25 single-mandate constituencies varies from at least 7 to 11.
Councils of three other major cities – Kutaisi, Rustavi and Batumi – have 10 majoritarian seats each and there are five majoritarian seats in Poti.
There are total of 1,025 majoritarian seats for grab in all 64 Councils.
Mayoral Race
Tbilisi is the only city in Georgia where mayor is elected through direct vote.
Mayors of four other major cities – Kutaisi, Rustavi, Batumi and Poti – are elected by the local municipal Councils. The same rule was applied for Tbilisi as well, but it was changed as a result of amendments to the election code in December, 2009.
In other provincial municipalities, a head of district (Gamgebeli as it is called in Georgian) is appointed through the approval of local Councils.
There are nine candidates running for the Tbilisi mayoral office:
Gigi Ugulava, an incumbent Tbilisi mayor, nominated by the ruling party;
Irakli Alasania, leader of Alliance for Georgia;
Giorgi Chanturia, nominated by Christian-Democratic Movement;
Gogi Topadze, leader of Industry Will Save Georgia (Industrialists);
Zviad Dzidziguri, leader of Conservative Party, nominated by a coalition, which also includes Party of People and ex-PM Zurab Nogaideli’s Movement for Fair Georgia;
Davit Iakobidze, nominated by Democratic Party of Georgia;
Nika Ivanishvili, head nominated by his newly established party Popular Democrats;
Tamaz Vashadze, nominated by Solidarity party;
Giorgi Lagidze, leader of Future Georgia party.
A candidate, who receives no less than 30% votes will be declared winner. If no one clears the 30% threshold, a run off will take place within a month between the two candidates who obtain the highest number of votes.
Election Administration
Central Election Commission (CEC) is the main body administering elections.
CEC is composed of 13 members, including its chairman Zurab Kharatishvili, who was elected on the post by the Parliament in January, 2010.
Seven members of CEC are from following political parties: ruling National Movement party; Labor Party (the party boycotts the local elections); Conservative Party; Industrialists; Republican Party (part of Alliance for Georgia); On Our Own party and Christian-Democratic Movement – these two latter parties have formed an election bloc to run in the elections on a joint ticket.
Five remaining CEC members were nominated by the President and appointed by the Parliament.
There are 73 District Election Commissions (DEC) – middle-level election administrations.
There are over 3,600 Precinct Election Commissions (PEC), which are the lowest level of election administrations, but of crucial importance as they are in charge of administering polling stations and are first bodies to count votes.
Like CEC, each PEC and DEC has 13 members and distribution of seats in PECs and DECs among the political parties is similar to the one in CEC.

Europäisches Parlament wird Südkaukasus-Resolution diskutieren - 19.05.2010, Civil Georgia
    * ‘Authorities in occupied territories block’ EUMM;
    * ‘Democratization of paramount importance’
    * ‘Clarify situation regarding media ownership’
    * ‘Concerned’ over Eutelsat’s decision
...

Präsident Medvedev: Russland will die Schwarzmeerflotte nicht gegen Nachbarn einsetzen - 18.05.2010, Civil Georgia
Russia is “a peaceful country” and has no intention to use its Black Sea fleet, based in Ukraine’s Sevastopol, against “adjacent states”, Russian President Dmitry Medvedev said.
"Will Russia use its Black Sea fleet to attack adjacent states? No, it will not," Medvedev said while speaking at the Kiev State University on May 18.
Russia used part of its Sevastopol-based Black Sea fleet, including flagship, guided missile cruiser Moskva, during the August, 2008 war with Georgia.
In what appeared to be an allusion to U.S. warships’ regular port calls to Georgia, Medvedev said visits of “foreign ships” in Black Sea were source of concern.
“It strains us – and I know it also strains Turks – when foreign ships, which have nothing to do with our Black Sea basin, come and demonstrate something,” he said.
“You know various developments took place, including grave ones – there was Caucasian crisis in 2008 [reference to Georgia-Russia war]; so more the situation is stable in the Black Sea basin, it’s better for everyone, including for NATO,” Medvedev said and added that it was the main reason behind the prolongation of an agreement with Ukraine on Russian navy base in Sevastopol.
He also said that main guarantee that Russia would not use its Black Sea fleet against neighbors was “system of international relations, including our commitments within UN, as well as commitments under the international conventions, including under the Helsinki Final Act of 1975”.
Will we ignore the international law? Of course we will not, because it’s not favorable for Russia. Russia is a huge country, which has multiple interests and it will affect us if we start dropping out from the international community,” Medvedev added.

EXPERTENBERICHT FÜR NEUES STRATEGISCHES NATO-KONZEPT
Opening remarks by NATO Secretary General Anders Fogh Rasmussen at the meeting of the North Atlantic Council with the Group of Experts on NATO's New Strategic Concept - 17.05.2010, NATO
Joint press conference with NATO Secretary General Anders Fogh Rasmussen and Madeleine Albright, Chair of the Group of Experts - 17.05.2010, NATO
Remarks of Madeleine K. Albright at the meeting of the North Atlantic Council with the Group of Experts on NATO's New Strategic Concept - 17.05.2010, NATO
... A second partnership that attracted discussion within our Group is that between NATO and Russia. For reasons of history and geography, some Allies are more skeptical than others about Russia’s commitment to a positive relationship. This divergence was reflected among the experts, but there was no disagreement about what NATO’s policy should be. .... NATO can also influence its security environment by continuing its policy of gradual enlargement. Prospective NATO members in the Western Balkans and elsewhere in the Euro-Atlantic region have a right to fair consideration based on the same guidelines that steered decisions about new members in the past. ...
NATO-Experten überarbeiten Strategie - 17.05.2010, Zeit
... Rasmussen will nun bis September einen «kurzen und präzisen» Vorschlag für eine neue Strategie ausarbeiten. Sie soll im November von einem Gipfel in Lissabon beschlossen werden. ... Die Beistandsgarantie für den Fall eines Angriffs müsse aber glaubhaft sein: Deswegen seien Notfallplanungen, Übungen, einsatzfähige Truppen und Versorgungsplanungen nötig. ... Vor allem baltische und osteuropäische Staaten haben immer wieder eine konkrete Verteidigungsplanung trotz russischer Bedenken gefordert. «Als Übungsgrundlage sollte die NATO davon ausgehen, dass es in der Tat ernsthafte Bedrohungen geben wird», schrieb die Albright-Gruppe. ... Die NATO plane derzeit Militärmanöver in den baltischen Staaten und in Polen.
Georgien in den Vorschlägen für NATO’s Strategisches Konzept - 17.05.2010, Civil Georgia
NATO enlargement for states, which have expressed desire to join the alliance, “should move forward as each state fulfils the requirements for membership,” says a report by a group of experts, which lays out proposals for NATO’s strategic concept for next decade.
Recommendations were developed by a group of 12 top experts, led by former U.S. Secretary of State, Madeleine Albright, who presented the report to NATO officials in Brussels on May 17.
The part of the report under subtitle “Partnership with Georgia and Ukraine” says that “one of the major failures of NATO’s partnership structure” was the August, 2008 between Russia and Georgia.
It says that NATO’s channels of communication with these two countries through NATO-Georgia Commission and NATO-Ukraine Commission “are excellent.”
“The Allies should make regular use of the NATO-Ukraine and NATO-Georgia commissions to discuss mutual security concerns and to foster practical cooperation, including on defence reforms. The clearer NATO articulates its position to the partners and the more accurately it can assess their perceptions, the more adept the Allies will be at defusing crises and building trust,” the report reads.
“The Allies should also employ NATO’s crisis management mechanisms, in association with the partnership commissions, to assess and monitor security developments affecting these two countries,” it says.
The expert group’s report will provide the basis for discussions at NATO's summit in Lisbon in November, which is expected to approve the alliance’s updated strategic concept.

Ukrainischer Außenminister Konstantine Grishchenko zu Kiev’s Position in der Anerkennung von Abchasien und Südossetien: "Kiew erwäge dies nicht ... Für uns ist die territoriale Integrität und Unverletzbarkeit der Grenzen eine prinzipielle Angelegenheit. Punkt." - 14.05.2010, Civil Georgia
Ukrainian Foreign Minister, Konstantine Grishchenko, indicated in a newspaper interview that Kiev was not considering recognition of independence of Georgia’s breakaway regions.
Asked if Ukraine was mulling over possible recognition of Abkhazia and South Ossetia, Grishchenko told Kommersant-Ukraine, Russian daily Kommersant’s Ukraine-based broadsheet:  “For us territorial integrity and inviolability of borders is a principal issue. Full stop.”

Oettinger zu Energiekooperation, Atommüll und Pipeline - 14.05.2010, Euronews
Günther Oettinger – EU-Energiekommissar - zum europäischen Pipeline-Projekt “Nabucco”: “Die Frage wird bis Jahresende entschieden sein. Es gibt gute Gründe dafür, und die Unternehmen, die investieren werden – die Mitgliedsstaaten und wir auf europäischer Ebene – arbeiten Tag für Tag daran. Ich glaube, dass dieses Projekt ein echtes europäisches Projekt sein wird. Und die Versorgungssicherheit für Europa in Sachen Gas deutlich erhöhen könnte.” ...
>>Energiepolitik - Gas - Öl - Pipeline Nabucco - ernergy policy - gas - oil

Staatskommission für konstitutionelle Reformen stimmt einem Entwurf zu, der als Basis für eine neue Verfassung dienen soll - 11.05.2010, Civil Georgia
State commission on constitutional reform agreed on May 11 on a draft, which should serve as a basis for the new constitution.
If approved the draft, which has yet to face multiple discussions, will significantly increase Prime Minister’s powers at the expense of the presidential authority.
The draft, which was passed at a commission meeting with 31 votes to 10, is co-authored by the commission chairman, Avtandil Demetrashvili, a former chair of the Constitutional Court and commission secretary Tengiz Sharmanashvili of the National-Democratic Party.
Authors of the draft describe it as "a mixed governance" where the President will act as "an arbiter" between the legislative body and executive government, led by Prime Minister elected from the ranks of a party, which will garner most of the votes in the parliamentary elections..
Avtandil Demetrashvili, the chairman of the commission said that the draft, would be sent for expertise to Venice Commission, an advisory body of Council of Europe on constitutional and legal matter. He also said that the draft, which will be sent to Venice Commission, would include a provision saying that the document would go into force after 2013 presidential election.
President
According to the draft, the President will no longer direct and exercise domestic and foreign policy of the state - as the current constitution says. This authority will be delegated to PM and the government, according the draft.
President will remain the head of state, a commander-in-chief and supreme representative in foreign relations.
According to the draft, President appoints Prime Minister after the latter and the ministers are approved by the Parliament.
At the same time, President will no longer have the right to unilaterally dismiss the government or to appoint and dismiss so called power-wielding ministers - Minister of Defense and Interior, as well as an exclusive right to supervise them, as it is envisaged by the current constitution.
President will have the right to convene the government’s session only if the case concerns special importance.
While currently the Parliament approves ambassadorial nominations proposed by the President, in the proposed draft it will up to the government to nominate ambassadors, which will be then appointed by President.
The draft also lifts the right of the President to give a consent to the government over submitting a draft of state budget to the Parliament, hence the entire budgetary process will be up to the government and the Parliament.
The President will not also have the right either to suspend or cancel legal acts issued by the government.
Prime Minister will have the right to attest legal acts issued by the President. However, this right by Prime Minister will not apply to a presidential acts concerning a decision to dissolve the Parliament; calling elections; appointing the members of the National Security Council, chief of staff of the armed forces.
Government
According to the draft, the government will become the supreme body of the executive branch, which directs and executes the country’s foreign and domestic policy and which is accountable before the Parliament.
Prime Minister has the right to appoint and dismisses other members of the government. His resignation will automatically lead to the resignation of the government.
According to the draft, the government’s powers will be suspended as soon the mandate of newly-elected Parliament is approved, and not upon electing a new President, as it is envisaged by the current constitution.
According to the draft, new government will be composed by the party with the best results in the newly-elected Parliament. In particular, President will nominate a candidate, who will be proposed by the party, which will garner most of the votes in the elections. The prime ministerial candidate will himself select the ministers and submit them to the Parliament for approval along with the governmental program.
Parliament
The draft envisages fewer changes in respect of the legislative body. Unlike the initial draft, the one which was passed by the commission on May 11, the legislative body will remain with a single chamber. The initial draft envisaged two-chamber parliament.
The draft gives the right to the Parliament to overcome a presidential veto with majority vote, instead of currently needed support of two-third of its members. However, this provision will not apply constitutional draft laws.
According to the draft, one fifth of lawmakers, instead of current one fourth, will be able to initiate setting up of parliamentary investigative commission or other type of ad hoc commission.
The Parliament will have the right to scrutinize state expenditures, but it won't have the right to amend the state budget without the government's consent, according to the draft.
Other Provisions
In other proposals of the draft, if approved age requirement of judges will increase from current 28 to 30 and their term in office will only expire after reaching a pension age..
According to the draft, a person, who has a dual citizenship, cannot hold a senior position in the government.
The draft envisages complicated procedures for amending the constitution and amending of a fundamental provisions of the constitution will require approval of a sitting and then of a new Parliament, according to the proposed draft.
The draft was passed by the commission with the view that it further requires additional considerations and discussions. It may also face some significant amendments. Some of the ruling party lawmakers, who are members of the commission, refused to support this draft, including parliamentary majority leader Petre Tsiskarishvili. Pavle Kublashvili, chairman of the parliamentary committee for legal affairs, however, voted for the draft.
Members of the commission from the parliamentary opposition supported the draft. Non-parliamentary opposition refused to join the commission, when it was established ten months ago.
At a meeting with state commission chairman, Avtandil Demetrashvili, in June, 2009, President Saakashvili said that Georgia should have the constitution “relevant to the Georgian reality and with democratic and European spirit.”
“Of course we need a strong parliament, of course we need an effective president and of course we need independent judiciary and of course people’s control over these [branches],” Saakashvili said.

Eine Umfrage zur Bürgermeisterwahl sieht Ugulava mit 57% weit vor seinen Rivalen - 11.05.2010, Civil Georgia
An incumbent Tbilisi mayor is far better positioned for re-election in May 30 local elections than any of his rival, leading the race with 57%, according to the leaked polls conducted last month by CRRC for U.S. National Democratic Institute (NDI).
The segment of the public opinion survey, which deals with ratings of political parties and candidates, was carried out as part of a comprehensive survey of voters; but while other segments of the survey were made public by NDI last week, the part involving political ratings were made available only to the parties –usual practice by NDI and U.S. International Republican Institute (IRI) in Georgia. Also as usually the political ratings are then leaked to the national TV stations by political parties themselves, in particular, presumably, by the ruling party. The same was the case with this recent poll with national television stations reporting the findings and the public broadcaster showing slides from NDI survey.
NDI office in Tbilisi has tacitly confirmed the accuracy of the TV reports about the poll results.
According to the poll conducted in a period between April 11 and April 26, 57% of respondents in Tbilisi said the ruling party’s mayoral candidate was their first choice (9% - second choice); followed by leader of Alliance for Georgia Irakli Alasania – first choice 7% (12% - second choice).
15% of respondents said they do not know who will be their first choice as a mayor and 33% - second choice. 6% (first choice) refused to answer and 12% in case of second choice.
Industrialist Party leader and beer magnate, Gogi Topadze, has 5% (second choice 10%) and Christian-Democratic Movement’s candidate Giorgi Chanturia – 4% (second choice – 9%).

Fünf Tbilisi-Bürgermeisterkandidaten setzen sich in Fernsehdebatte auseinander - 09.05.2010, Civil Georgia
Five main Tbilisi mayoral candidates discussed employment, social, city infrastructure and communal tariffs during the first and only live TV debates on Saturday, three week before the local elections.
Incumbent Tbilisi mayor, Gigi Ugulava; leader of Alliance for Georgia Irakli Alasania; Zviad Dzidziguri, leader of Conservative Party, nominated by National Council coalition; Giorgi Chanturia, nominated by Christian-Democratic Movement (CDM) and Gogi Topadze, leader of Industrialists Party participated in the 90-minute debates, hosted by the Georgian Public Broadcaster.

In thier opening remarks, for which the each candidate was given two minutes, contenders mainly focused on issues which they prioritize in thier election campaign.
Giorgi Chanturia, who opened the debates, said the country was in "deep economic crisis" and "I came here to try to convince you that implementation of anti-crisis program is required, pillar of which is employment and low [communal] tariffs."
Zviad Dzidziguri, whose three-party coalition also includes Party of People and ex-PM Zurab Nogaideli's Movement for Fair Georgia, unlike other candidates, targeted personally President Saakashvili during the debates for number of times. In his opening remarks Dzidziguri started by saying "strange things are happening in this beautiful country" and added that President Saakashvili was already for a month in foreign trips. "He arrived back [from the U.S.] only for two days... and after that again left the country; yesterday he was in Vatican and today he is in Costa Rica and we do not know where he will go tomorrow," he said. Dzidziguri also said that voters are told by the government that Georgia is a better country now than it was five years ago. "But I ask: why more territories have been lost and why do we have more displaced persons and why the country's security is in worse situation than it was previously?"
"We should change this government through election; so everyone who do not like this government should come and cast ballot to the opposition," he added.
Incumbent mayor, Gigi Ugulava, echoing the ruling party's campaign slogans, said in his opening remarks that "Tbilisi is a better city, than it was five years ago." "But we all agree that a lot still remains to be done, especially in terms of employment," Ugulava said and then listed some of the Tbilisi municipality's projects, which he said, aimed at creating additional jobs.
Irakli Alasania, leader of a four-party opposition Alliance for Georgia, who is considered to be Ugulava's main rival, told the viewers in his opening remarks that "the most important thing that needs to be done is to overcome hopelessness."
"This election is an opportunity to change your future and you should be active and come at polling stations," Alasania said.
Gogi Topadze, a beer magnate, said in his opening remarks that the Tbilisi municipality was implementing many "inappropriate" and costly projects. "I do not like today's Tbilisi; I live in this city for seventy years and I do remember better Tbilisi," Topadze said.
Employment
How the candidates plan to resolve unemployment problem was the first of four questions asked to each participant. The candidates were given two minutes each to answer each of the four questions and then they had an additional one minute for rebuttal remarks.
Zviad Dzidziguri, who was the first to answer the question on unemployment problem, said the National Council was the only political force having plan to resolve this issue.
"We state that through a dialogue with Russia, Russian market will reopen for the Georgian products; railway, sea and air communication will resume and people will be employed," Dzidziguri said adding that Georgia should resolve its territorial and security problems through a dialogue with Russia. "Those who will support the National Council, will also support launch of a dialogue with Russia on these issues... Otherwise this country has no prospects for creating jobs."
He also said on the matter that measures should be implemented to protect local producers from importers, especially in the field of agriculture.
Gigi Ugulava told the viewers that unemployment was the number one problem. He named several projects, which the Tbilisi municipality launched last year - the one is 'Old Tbilisi's New Life', being implemented in cooperation with banking sector and real estate developments in an attempt to stimulate construction and banking sectors on the one hand and on the other hand to resettle people from crumbling old houses in Old Tbilisi. Two other project named by Ugulava, which he said, were aimed at addressing unemployment problem was free-of-charge computer and English-language courses for Tbilisites and the project through which the Tbilisi municipality provides soft loans for small businesses.
He also said that it was more important "to look for new export markets" rather than to resort to protectionism and "to close down borders".
Irakli Alasania said the authorities' "wrong policies" and "pressure on business" should be blamed for the fact that "almost half of Tbilisi population is unemployed".
Alasania then laid out briefly his election program envisaging setting up of GEL 120 million municipal fund to provide soft loans to help with start-up and expansion of small and medium businesses. He said that this plan will help to employ 50,000 Tbilisites in one year period. He also pledged to establish a business ombudsman institution.
He also said that the authorities failed to keep thier promise to help create new jobs. "No jobs are being created and the major problem is that there is no institutional guarantee for protection of business and there is no free judiciary," Alasania said.
Gogi Topadze, who is an owner of beer and beverage-producing company, Kazbegi, said that he had already contributed to creation of jobs through his factories and added "I know how to make it."
He also said that he was in favor of protectionist approach in order to help the local production. Topadze added that Tbilisi mayor's position was influential enough to successful lobby for protectionist legislation and measures.
CDM mayoral candidate, Giorgi Chanturia, told the viewers he was glad that his campaign slogan "Employment and law [communal] tariffs" became part of election programs of other mayoral candidates. He then laid out in brief his major election campaign promise to significantly cut gas and electricity tariffs and to make water consumption free of charge, saying that it will reduce production cost for industries and businesses, paving the way for creation of jobs. The issue of communal tariffs was discussed in more details later during the debates, when a separate question on the matter was asked to the candidates.
Infrastructure Development
Second question asked to the candidates was about thier vision on Tbilisi's infrastructure development. The incumbent mayor told viewers that construction of new roads and rebuilding old ones, as well as other major infrastructure projects, including the one envisaging to divert railway traffic from the city center, would eventually help to develop business and to create more jobs.
Irakli Alasania said: "What is now happening in Tbilisi is a violence on the capital city and urban chaos."
"There is no strategic vision on how the city should develop. One of the first things when we come into the city administration will be to present this vision on which the city's strategic development plan will be based," he said.
He also criticized the city authorities for non-transparent implementation of various infrastructure projects.
Gogi Topadze criticized the city authorities for irrational spending and planning.
Giorgi Chanturia said that each and every project should undergo public scrutiny and broad discussion with professional prior to thier launching.
Zviad Dzidziguri said: "Tbilisi today is Potemkin Village. Only those places were made beautiful, where Saakashvili goes... It depends on one man's [referring to the President] whim what should be built and where... But the problem is that he [Saakashvili] has no good taste."
He also targeted Ugulava's remarks by saying that all the infrastructure projects implemented in Tbilisi had nothing to do with creating jobs. "It's about corruption and it's waste of money," Dzidziguri said.
Social Problems
Irakli Alasania said on the matter that affordable healthcare was not available for 80% of Tbilisi residents. He then laid out briefly the Alliance for Georgia's healthcare projects involving increase of sector's funding up to GEL 117 million in the capital city; creating of chain of municipal drug stores to help reduce price of medicines. He said that his promise also involved GEL 100 allowance for socially vulnerable people during the winter period to ease communal cost.
Gogi Topadze said that his party's promise was free healthcare insurance for people over 60 years old. He also said that at least one municipal hospital should be build in a year, which will cost about GEL 23 million and which will provide services in "either free of charge or in extremely low prices."
Giorgi Chanturia said that CDM's proposal was to set price limits on medicines to make them affordable. He also said that he agreed with proposals about municipal hospitals and drug stores.
Zviad Dzidziguri said in case of his election, the city budget would allocate annually GEL 150 million to cover full health insurance package for pensioners. He also said that textbooks for school pupils would be free of charge.
Gigi Ugulava said that "there is no perfect social program." "No matter what kind of social program will be implemented, we will still say that lot remains to be done and that more perfection is needed. The best social program is employment; that's the only way to help our population to overcome social hardship," he said.
Communal Tariffs
The fourth and the last question of the debate was about the candidates' views on communal tariffs.
Giorgi Chanturia, who made low communal tariffs the major focus of his election program, promises voters, that in case of election he would cut gas tariff from current GEL 0.51 for households per cubic meter to GEL 0.1 and would reduce electricity tariff, which now varies from GEL 0.135 to GEL 0.177 (depending on amount of consumed electricity) to GEL 0.05.
Gogi Topadze also says that it is possible to make water consumption free of charge. "It will cost the mayor's office no more than 6-7 million Lari per year," he said. Chanturia said it would cost GEL 2.8 million to the municipality budget per year.
Zviad Dzidziguri said that the issue of communal cost was something beyond the reach of the local authorities. "It is up to the central authorities. Chairman of regulatory commission is appointed by the President and it's hardly imaginable to change the current tariffs unless we change this President," he said.
Gigi Ugulava said that it was "one of the most painful issue for Tbilisites." He said that he welcomed the fact that the issue was raised in the election campaign by Giorgi Chanturia, "although we have a different opinion about it."
"With the experts, we have calculated and about GEL 400 million is required for implementing proposals laid out by Mr. Chanturia. It means that Tbilisi's budget won't be able to fund other services," Ugulava said. He also said that in last five years the authorities revamped the entire system to secure stable electricity and gas supply.
"We should be sincere before our voters. Many of the promises, that I listen are imposible to implement. What is possible to do is to further improve social assistance programs, including providing allowances to those people who need it most," Ugulava said.
Irakli Alasania said it was possible to reduce tariff for water consumption. "But we all should know that water can't be free of charge," Alasania said.
He also said that it was possible to reduce gas tariff by 50% and electricity tariff by 30%.
Closing Remarks
In his closing remarks, the incumbent mayor told the voters to make a choice not based on "empty promises, but based on deeds, which are already being done."
"We are offered to turn Tbilisi mayor's office into center of political wrangling; I offer you to turn Tbilisi mayor's office into employment center. We are told that the Tbilisi mayor's office is a trampoline for better future, but I am telling you that the Tbilisi mayoral office is a round-the-clock work for the sake of Tbilisi," he said.
In his closing remarks Alasania again called on Tbilisites to turn out at the polling stations on May 30 and repeated that these elections "are chance to change our future."
"The most important thing I want to tell you is that the major weapon of change is a ballot paper; we should win and defeat injustice in our country with use of this weapon. I am sure you will make a right choice and support us," Alasania said.
Gogi Topadze said that today "everyone is now repeating issues related with unemployment - something which we have been saying since 1996 and I am happy about it."
Chanturia told the voters that he would use "all my experience and international ties" to implement his election promises. "What we are promising is real," he said.
Dzidziguri said that when Ugulava was formally nominated for re-election he was asked by journalists whom he considered as his major rival. "My answer was - Mikheil Saakashvili, because Gigi Ugulava in fact has nothing to do here; it's in fact a campaign of Mikheil Saakashvili," he said.
"We have no other option than elections, so I beg you to turn out at the polling stations and vote for any candidate, except of thier [the authorities'] candidate... because the authorities still have a lot to spoil," Dzidziguri said.
There are total of nine candidates in the Tbilisi mayoral race, but these five contenders have been selected based on a principle that they were nominated by the political parties, which the election code defines as “qualified parties” – those that won at least 4% of the vote in the last parliamentary elections and at least 3% of the vote in the last local elections.
The public television plans to host a separate TV debates in which the four remaining candidates will participate on May 9.
Debates are co-funded by U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) and GPB. USAID provided USD 40,000 to assist the public broadcaster with staging the debate and other costs, and for funding post-debate online survey and focus groups and candidate training.

TV Debates Set for Tbilisi Mayoral Candidates - 07.05.2010, Civil Georgia
Main candidates running for Tbilisi mayor are expected to participate in the first and only TV debates, which will be hosted by the Georgian Public Broadcaster on May 8.
Live TV debates, three weeks ahead of the May 30 local elections, are scheduled for 9pm local time, moderated by anchor of GPB’s First Channel, Eka Mishveladze, chairman of GPB’s board of trustees, Levan Gakheladze, told Civil.Ge on Thursday.
Incumbent Tbilisi mayor, Gigi Ugulava; leader of Alliance for Georgia Irakli Alasania; Zviad Dzidziguri, leader of Conservative Party, nominated by National Council coalition; Giorgi Chanturia, nominated by Christian-Democratic Movement (CDM) and Gogi Topadze, leader of Industrialists Party confirmed their participation.
There are total of nine candidates in the Tbilisi mayoral race, but these five contenders have been selected based on a principle that they were nominated by the political parties, which the election code defines as “qualified parties” – those that won at least 4% of the vote in the last parliamentary elections and at least 3% of the vote in the last local elections.
GPB board chairman, Levan Gakheladze, said that the public television was ready to allocate airtime, probably on May 9, to host a separate TV debates between four other candidates, nominated by ‘non-qualified’ parties if they agreed.
Debates are co-funded by U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) and GPB. USAID provided USD 40,000 to assist the public broadcaster with staging the debate and other costs, and for funding post-debate online survey and focus groups and candidate training.
The candidates will be given equal time for opening statements, answer questions from the moderator and for closing statements. The candidates have been informed in advance of general themes that will be debated, but all candidates will receive the exact questions an hour before the debates.

იულია ლატინინა: "ტალიავინიმ, სარკოზიმ, შრიოდერმა და სხვებმა მათი მამა-პაპების მიერ აშენებული ევროპა დაასამარეს" - 06.05.2010, Pirveli

Zum 65. Jahrestag des Sieges über Nazi-Deutschland schmeißen der russische und der amerikanische Botschafter ihre erste gemeinsame Party. Ganz vergessen ist der Kalte Krieg jedoch nicht - 06.05.2010, SZ
... Im Sommer 2008 lernten die Deutschen den russischen Botschafter Kotenew von einer anderen Seite kennen. Nach Beginn des Georgien-Krieges rief er deutsche Journalisten in seine Botschaft, sprach von "hinterlistigen Georgiern" und von "versuchtem Völkermord". Im Fernsehsender N24 wetterte er, wenn die Nato Georgien unterstütze, "dann muss man sich auch mit dem Gedanken anfreunden, dass eines Tages deutsche Soldaten wieder nach Russland ziehen". Die Party freilich ging weiter, der deutsch-russische Ball tanzte wie gehabt - wenngleich einige deutsche Politiker sich lieber erst einmal fernhielten. ...

Mehrere Polizisten und Demonstranten verletzt bei einem Zusammenstoss, als einige Personen versuchten, zum Gebäude des Innenministeriums vorzustossen - 06.05.2010, Civil Georgia
Several policemen and protesters were injured in a clash on May 6 as a group of opposition activists and leaders tried to make their way towards the Interior Ministry building where police forces were marking  newly proclaimed Day of Police with a parade.
Opposition groups, including Levan Gachechiladze’s public movement Defend Georgia; National Council (Conservative Party, Party of People and Movement for Fair Georgia); Nino Burjanadze’s Democratic Movement-United Georgia, announced on May 3 about the plans to hold the protest rally against the government’s decision to proclaim May 6 as the Police Day.
The first reason, cited by them, was that May 6 is celebrated as St. George’s Day and the second reason, they said, was that May 6 also marks one year anniversary of a confrontation that took place at Tbilisi police headquarters in which dozens of protesters were injured, including several opposition leaders, when the police fired projectiles from less-lethal launchers.
The Interior Ministry announced on May 5 that roads leading to the Interior Ministry building in Tbilisi suburb would be closed in connection to the police forces’ parade.
On May 6, when the event outside of the Interior Ministry was ongoing in presence of President Saakashvili, other senior officials and invited foreign diplomats, several hundred of opposition activists marched in direction of the ministry, but the roads were sealed off by the riot police.
The clash erupted when the protesters tried to make their way through riot police cordon on a by-pass road, which lies through a railway line.
Some protesters were seen in the TV footage throwing stones to the policemen. In one TV footage a senior member of opposition Conservative Party, Bidzina Gujabidze, is seen tossing a stone in direction to the riot police.
At least three protesters were hospitalized. Interior Ministry official said several policemen were hit by stones, but injuries were not serious.
Although decision to declare May 6 as the police day met protest across the broad range of opposition parties, many of them refused to join the protest rally organized by some opposition groups.
Alliance for Georgia, uniting four opposition parties, which refused to join the rally, said in a statement on May 5, that the authorities’ decision was “irresponsible and provocative”, but it also called on “everyone not to yield to this provocation and to firmly protect the peaceful way, which will lead us to change of the government through elections.”
Nino Burjanadze’s party, Democratic Movement-United Georgia, which was one of the organizers of the May 6 protest rally, said in a statement that “private police” of Vano Merabishvili, the interior minister, and President Saakashvili “staged a bloody St. George’s Day”
“With today’s [police] parade, the authorities confirmed once again that the police and the army are means of political pressure,” Burjanadze’s party said in the statement.

Infos zu den Kandidaten der Bürgermeisterwahl in Tbilisi:
Gigi Ugulava - Irakli Alasania - Giorgi Chanturia - Zviad Dzidziguri - Gogi Topadze
05.05.2010, Civil Georgia

Energy security focus of NATO seminar in Georgia  - 05.05.2010, NATO
In cooperation with the Georgian Ministry of Foreign Affairs, NATO organised the seminar “Energy Security and Critical Energy Infrastructure” on 5 and 6 May in Tbilisi, Georgia, to enhance cooperation and find ways to better address challenges to energy security.

Sokhumi und Tskhinvali weisen Tbilisi's Vorschlag zu einer int. Mission zur Menschenrechtssituation in den abtrünnigen Regionen zurück - 04.05.2010, Civil Georgia
Tskhinvali and Sokhumi rejected on May 4 any prospect of even considering Tbilisi’s proposal on setting up international missions in the breakaway regions to monitor human rights situation there.
Temur Iakobashvili, the Georgian state minister for reintegration, said on May 3 after meeting with Council of Europe (CoE) Human Rights Commissioner, Thomas Hammarberg, in Tbilisi that the Georgian side proposed to establish, possibly under the CoE aegis, human right mission “to monitor and react” on human rights abuses there.
“It is Georgia, not Abkhazia which needs such international human rights monitoring missions,” Apsnipress reported quoting breakaway Abkhazia’s foreign minister, Maxim Gvinjia, on May 4.David Sanakoev, breakaway South Ossetian leader’s special envoy for human rights, said it was not up to Tbilisi to take decisions about opening missions and institutions in Tskhinvali.
Tbilisi was insisting on opening of UN human rights office - similar to the one which was operating in Sokhumi – in the Gali district of breakaway Abkhazia, predominantly populated by ethnic Georgians, before the August war.
Although no such office was established in Gali, in early 2007 UN human rights office in Sokhumi appointed an international human rights officer in the Gali district. UN closed down its mission in Abkhazia about year after the August, 2008 war.

Nabucco verzögert sich nochmals - 04.05.2010, Handelsblatt   >>Extra-Seite
Eine Vereinbarung mit Turkmenistan, das große Gasmengen für die Röhre liefern soll, sei im ersten Halbjahr nicht mehr zu erreichen, sagte der Chef der RWE-Handelstochter Supply & Trading, Stefan Judisch, am Dienstag in einer Telefonkonferenz. Dafür gebe es politische Gründe. Bis Ende des Jahres könne aber ein Vertrag unterzeichnet werden.
Turkmenistan wolle, dass der Transit des Gases durch Aserbaidschan und Georgien völkerrechtlich verbindlich zugesagt werde, erläuterte Judisch. Zudem solle die Bundesregierung erklären, dass turkmenisches Gas einen wichtigen Beitrag zur Versorgungssicherheit Europas leiste. ...

ARTIKEL ZU ABCHASIEN
Abkhazia has been fooled by Russia - 03.05.2010, guardian.co.uk
The Abkhaz now have a choice: be an outpost of the Russian empire or work together with a European Georgia ...
Abkhazia: counting the costs of conflict - 03.05.2010, guardian.co.uk
Two years after the devastating dispute with Georgia, the breakaway region is now troubled by its new friend Russia ...
Georgian Overtures to Abkhazia and Tskhinvali - Temur Yakobashvili, - 30 April 2010, opendemocracy.net
Georgia’s State Minister for Reintegration floats a proposition for building bridges with Abkhazia and the Tskhinvali region
They say that if you build bridges, rather than walls, you will make a friend. It is in that spirit that I came to London last week to explain how Georgia proposes to reach out to our compatriots in Abkhazia and the Tskhinvali region. ...

TAG DER PRESSEFREIHEIT - WORLD PRESS FREEDOM DAY
Internationaler Tag der Pressefreiheit – Wikipedia - Mit dem Internationalen Tag der Pressefreiheit (englisch: World Press Freedom Day ) wird seit 1994 jährlich am 3. Mai auf Verletzungen der Pressefreiheit ...
Reporter ohne Grenzen: Startseite - Die deutsche Sektion von "Reporters sans frontiéres" setzt sich für die Pressefreiheit ein, unterstützt bedrohte Journalisten und betreibt ein ... Reporter ohne Grenzen (franz. Reporters sans frontières; Abkürzung: ROG bzw. RSF) ist eine international tätige Nichtregierungsorganisation, ...
Reporter ohne Grenzen International (englisch, französisch, spanisch)
Reporter ohne Grenzen Deutschland - Reporter ohne Grenzen Österreich
Media Freedom Index 2002–2007 (deutsch) und Media Freedom Index 2008 (deutsch)
Jährl. Preis von und in Bayeux - Pressefreiheit international

Reporter ohne Grenzen: Putin zählt zu den größten "Presse-Räubern" - 03.05.2010, Spiegel
... "Kontrolle ist das Schlüsselwort für den ehemaligen KGB-Offizier: Kontrolle über den Staat, über die Wirtschaft, die Politik und die Medien", schreibt ROG beispielsweise über Putin. ... 2009: fünf Medienvertreter ermordet ...
Regionale Zeitungen in Georgien beklagen sich über Probleme bezüglich des Zugangs zu öffentlichen Informationen - 03.05.2010, Civil Georgia
Mehrere Zeitungen ließen in der Tagesausgabe vom 3.5. die erste Seite leer und titelten nur "Gibt uns Information". Der 3.5. ist der "Tag der Pressefreiheit" - "World Press Freedom Day".
Several regional newspapers ran a blank front page on May 3, which marks the World Press Freedom Day, with a headline "Give us public information".
Over dozen of regional newspapers said in a joint statement that the move aimed at highlighting the problem their journalists were facing in obtaining information from the state structures under the freedom of information legislation, which is in force in Georgia since 2000.
In the statement, the newspapers call on the President and the Parliament "instead of facade transparency to secure real transparency of the state structure, instead of facade transparency."
Tbilisi-based legal advocacy group, Georgian Young Lawyers Association (GYLA), said in a statement on May 3 that cases of absolute ignorance of journalists by the state structures has increases recently." It also said that the Tbilisi Mayor's Office was "illegally refusing" to provide GYLA with requested public information.
It also said that local self-governance bodies in the provinces were following "a shameful practice" of creating obstacles to access to public information.

Georgische Aupair-Mädchen verirren sich mit dem Fahrrad auf die Autobahn A250 - 02.05.10, Welt... Zwei Aupair-Mädchen aus Georgien kamen aus Hamburg und wollten nach Uelzen radeln, um dort den Hundertwasser-Bahnhof zu besichtigen. Weil sich die Mädchen bei der Suche nach der kürzesten Fahrstrecke aber blind auf einen Internet-Routenplaner verlassen hatten, landeten sie auf der A250. Dort wurden die beiden nach zwei Kilometern von der Polizei gestoppt ...

Der Philosoph und die Krise Europas: André Glucksmann über den neuen Nationalismus, Deutschlands Faszination für Russland und Angela Merkels Naivität - 02.05.10, Welt, von Alan Posener: "Diese Ehe funktioniert nicht mehr"
... Glucksmann: Die Krise Europas fing früher an. Der Motor Europas, also die deutsch-französische Ehe, funktioniert schon länger nicht mehr, aber die Politiker wollten das nicht zur Kenntnis nehmen. Diese Ehe ist am Ende, weil sich Berlin von Paris verabschiedet und sich Moskau zuwendet.
Welt am Sonntag: Das könnte man Gerhard Schröder vorwerfen: das Bündnis mit Putin, die Gazprom-Pipeline Nordstream und so weiter. Aber Sie behaupten doch nicht im Ernst, dass Angela Merkel die gleiche Politik verfolgt?
Glucksmann: Doch. Ich hatte gehofft, dass sie etwas ändern würde, aber Nordstream bleibt, Southstream kommt hinzu, und es gibt andere Sachen. ...
Glucksmann: Genau. Im Ostblock ging das von Berlin 1953 über Ungarn und Polen 1956, den Prager Frühling 1968, die Dissidenten in Russland und so weiter. Das wurde zwar alles unterdrückt. Aber von Revolte zu Revolte und von Repression zu Repression kam es schließlich zum Fall der Mauer. Und es geht weiter: Denken Sie an die Ukraine, an Georgien, aber auch an den Iran. Es handelt sich um eine neue Art von Revolution. Sie soll erstens so unblutig wie möglich sein, während es früher, von der Französischen Revolution über die bolschewistische bis zu den Maoisten so blutig wie möglich zugehen sollte. Sie soll zweitens eine Revolution von der Mehrheit für die Mehrheit sein, nicht mehr eine Revolution kleiner Gruppen wie bei den Jakobinern oder Leninisten. Drittens ist sie nie zu Ende. Es handelt sich nicht um den Eintritt ins Paradies, sondern um den Austritt aus der Hölle. Es geht darum, wie mein Freund Vaclav Havel sagte, nicht mehr in der Unwahrheit zu leben. In der ersten Hälfte des 20. Jahrhunderts hat Europa der ganzen Welt die totalitäre Revolution und den totalen Krieg beigebracht. Und in der zweiten Hälfte des 20. Jahrhunderts kam aus Europa dieses Gegengift gegen das Paradigma der ersten Hälfte.
Welt am Sonntag: Und was wäre Europas Beitrag für das 21. Jahrhundert?
Glucksmann: Es müsste sein: Solidarität mit der Freiheit. Im ganzen Osten kämpfen viele Menschen für die Freiheit, in Russland, in Kaukasien, in der Ukraine.
.... Glucksmann: Aber warum haben wir die Ukraine verloren? Weil wir die Ukrainer allein gelassen haben. Natürlich haben die Ukrainer Fehler gemacht. Aber die Revolution ist nie leicht, und niemand ist ein Engel. Europa ist müde. ...
Welt am Sonntag: Was muss Europa also tun?
Glucksmann: Wir müssen eine gemeinsame Energiepolitik entwickeln, wir müssen gemeinsam die Krise überwinden. Wir müssen die Unabhängigkeit von Georgien und anderen Staaten unterstützen und müssen uns trauen, Putin zu kritisieren. Sonst versinkt die EU in einen Winterschlaf, der mehr als einen Winter dauern kann. ...
Wiki - Andre Glucksmann - ... Buch Köchin und Menschenfresser – Über die Beziehung zwischen Staat, Marxismus und Konzentrationslager ... Beeinflusst von Solschenizyns Buch Der Archipel Gulag stellt es eine Abrechnung mit Marxismus, Stalinismus und der Geschichte der Sowjetunion dar. ...

Reinventing Georgia: The story of a Libertarian Revolution - ESI European Stability Initiative 2010
This report is about a remarkable man, a south east European country in a time of transition, and the power and influence of a seductive ideology. The man is Kakha Bendukize, a philosopher-entrepreneur and one of the most interesting thinkers in today's post-Soviet world; the country is Georgia, a small republic of 4 million people in the South Caucasus, eager to become a global model; and the ideology is libertarianism, the belief that people will be freer and more prosperous if government intervention in people's economic choices is minimised. ...
ESI presentation at Harvard: From liberalism to libertarianism?
The South Caucasus as seen from Moscow

28.04.2010 - ATLANTIC COUNCIL IN WASHINGTON
2010 Awards Dinner Highlights - 29.04.10, acus.org
Last night, the Atlantic Council held its annual Awards Dinner, bringing together more than 900 leaders from over 50 countries to honor individuals who have made exceptional and distinctive contributions to the strengthening each of the four pillars of the transatlantic relationship: political, military, business, and humanitarian. Our distinguished guests included ten current or former heads of state and government, two dozen members of Congress, 40 ambassadors to the United States and 35 global chief executives, and numerous senior officials of the Obama administration. ...
Rede von Preisträger Bill Clinton - speech of Clinton
... I tried to get a good relationship with Russia. I did everything I could to help them financially in my first year as president. But that was popular, compared to Mexico. When I helped Russia, only 76 percent of the people were against that. (Laughter.)
But why did I do that? Because I knew we were going to share the future with them, one way or the other, and I knew they had been a great country before and they would be again. And it hurts to get – when whatever you’re doing doesn’t work anymore. Even if it’s good for the world, it hurts. And I didn’t want them to define their greatness – ask the president of Georgia here – I did not want them to define their greatness in 19th-century, imperial terms. I wanted them to define their greatness in more positive terms.
You know, every year, lots and lots of universities enter a global contest with teams solving computing problems – really advanced. Last year, two of the top three finishers in the contest were universities in Russia – in Moscow and St. Petersburg. The other was Chinese. Our highest finisher was the University of Illinois at Champagne-Urbana, where the Westinghouse Scholars go. But the point is, I’d like for them to take a lot of pride in that and define their greatness that way, not whether they’re fighting with Georgia or anybody else. ...
Saakashvili attended reception at Atlantic Council in U.S. - 29.04.10, Rustavi 2
Georgian president has attended the annual reception at the prestigious Atlantic Council in Washington,D.C where he was invited as the co-chairperson of the event.
The prominent world leaders were attending the reception, where Bill Clinton was awarded for his international leadership that led to the Dayton Accords, peace negotiations in Northern Ireland and other achievements. Other honorees include Deutsche Bank chief executive Josef Ackermann, U.S. Marine Corps Gen. James Mattis and French Air Force Gen. ... Bill Clinton delivered a speech after receiving the prize and said that during his presidency he tried to assist Russia to overcome the failures in international politics less painfully.

Bill Clinton to visit Georgia - 29.04.2010, news.am
U.S. former President Bill Clinton will first visit Georgia next year and deliver a lecture in Caucasus University, one of the leading universities of the country, President of Caucasus University Kakha Shengelia told the reporters in Tbilisi.
...  At a meeting Clinton noted he head never been to Georgia and wishes to visit the country. “Clinton said he will arrive in Georgia next year and give a lecture in Caucasus University on the role of education in public life,” Shengelia stated.

Eine Gruppe von Abgeordneten kündigt an, bereit zu sein für eine 'breite Diskussion über den Genozid der Tscherkessen durch das zaristische Russland in der zweiten Hälfte des 19.Jhs.' - 27.04.2010, Civil Georgia
>> Völkermord-Genozid
A group of Georgian lawmakers announced on April 26 about the readiness to launch "broad discussions on cases of the massacres and deportations of Circassians" by the Tsarist Russia in the North Caucasus in second half of 19th century.
The announcement by the Georgian parliamentary group of friendship with the peoples of North Caucasus comes a month after Tbilisi hosted a conference, Hidden Nations, Enduring Crimes: The Circassians & the Peoples of the North Caucasus Between Past and Future. The conference was organized by Washington-based Jamestown Foundation and Tbilisi-based Ilia State University’s International School for Caucasus Studies with the participants including, among others, representatives of Circassian diaspora.
At the end of the conference, on March 21, participants made an appeal to the Georgian Parliament requesting to recognize deportations and massacre of Circassians more than a century ago as a genocide.
"You know that the international conference was held in Tbilisi in March with consequent appeal to the Georgian Parliament... We think that the first stage of these discussions should be an active consultation with our and foreign academic circles, political experts," a ruling party lawmaker, Nugzar Tsiklauri, who is a member of the parliamentary group of friendship with the North Caucasian people, said on April 26.
"We deem it necessary to further broaden scope of discussions on the matter both within and outside Georgia," he added.
The appeal also request the Georgian Parliament to declare May 21, "which marks the Russian celebration of the occupation of the North West Caucasus in 1864, as a memorial day of the victims of the Circassian genocide, and to recognize Sochi as the location and symbol of Circassian genocide and ethnic cleansing."
In mid-April, an anonymous YouTube user posted on its account, launched just a day earlier, several audio files of what is claimed to be recorded phone conversations between senior Georgian officials and diplomats, suggesting that Tbilisi is building contacts with representatives of North Caucasian communities living outside Russia. Recordings are allegedly made in mid-December, 2009.
In one of the audio files (several of them are of poor quality and inaudible), which is described as "a conversation between Georgian Interior Minister Vano Merabishvili and Georgia's ambassador to the United States Batu Kutelia", the man's voice which is very much similar to the one of Merabishvili tells interlocutor that there was a misunderstanding and no meeting of the Georgian President with an Ingush man, identified with a first name - Ibragim, was planned.
"Yes we meet with North Caucasians time after time, but not the President... We are summoning them separately and talking with them... Givi [apparently referring to a senior ruling party lawmaker Givi Targamadze] and [Gia] Tortladze [a lawmaker from parliamentary minority] usually meet them and I also meet them sometimes."
In another audio file, a man, porportadly MP Givi Targamadze, alledgeldy speaks with Georgia's ambassador to Egypt and Syria, Gocha Japaridze and tells him "to find as many as possible North Caucasian organizations - Circassian, Ingush, Chechen etc." in Egypt and Syria.
"To put it directly, in our Parliament we are intending to recognize thier genocide... So now we are intensively engaged in searching for these people everywhere, including in Turkey, Jordan; I have already spoken with ambassadors there... Now I'm with Vano, together discussing this matter," the man with voice very much similar to the one of MP Givi Targamadze tells the interlocutor.
On April 23, a day before the 95th anniversary of the start of the massacre of Armenians in Ottoman Empire was marked, a group of Armenian community in Tbilisi made a formal appeal to the Georgian Parliament - one of many other similar appeals made in previous years - requesting to recognize mass killings of Armenians century ago as a genocide. There has been no formal response by the Georgian Parliament to those appeals.

21.04. - 27.04.2010 - GOEAST FILMFESTIVAL WIESBADEN
Filmfestival goEast 2010- Hommage OTAR IOSSELIANI
Filmfestival goEast 2010- Preise an George Ovashvili
Škoda-Preis „Die Goldene Lilie“ für den Besten Film (10.000 Euro)
Preis der Internationalen Filmkritik (FIPRESCI-Preis)
DAS ANDERE UFER / GAGMA NAPIRI - George Ovashvili, Georgien/Kasachstan 2008
GoEast-Festival - Goldene Lilie für "Das andere Ufer" - 27.04.2010, fr-online.de
Der georgische Streifen "Das andere Ufer/Gagma Napiri" ist Sieger beim 9. Osteuropa-Filmfest GoEast in Wiesbaden. Das Werk des Jungregisseurs George Ovashvili wurde zum Ende des Festivals am Dienstagabend als bester Film mit der Goldenen Lilie ausgezeichnet. Der Preis ist mit 10.000 Euro dotiert.
TSISPERI MTEBI ANU DAUJEREBELI AMBAVI - BLAUE BERGE ODER EINE UNWAHRSCHEINLICHE GESCHICHTE - Eldar Shengelaya, UdSSR-Georgien 1983
Ein junger Schriftsteller bringt sein Manuskript in einen Verlag. Alle sind sehr nett zu ihm, jedoch zu beschäftigt – zum Lesen kommt keiner. Fremdsprachen werden gelernt, Familienprobleme gelöst und nicht gelöst, es wird ein bisschen getrunken und viel geplaudert. Das Manuskript geht verloren, wird wieder gefunden, als Altpapier verwertet, gerettet und geht irgendwann doch völlig unter, als das Haus einstürzt. ...
QUCHIS DGEEBI - AUF DER STRASSE - LEVAN KOGUASHVILI, Georgien 2010
Mit gnadenlosem Auge schaut dieser Film auf seine Figuren herab, gleichsam ohne zu blinzeln. Die Einwohner des Stadteils von Tiflis, durch dessen Straßen wir den Protagonisten folgen, erscheinen wie die Mitglieder einer großen Familie. Jeder kennt jeden. Unter-, Mittel- und Oberschicht liegen nah beieinander. Und doch klaffen zwischen den Menschen Abgründe, die sich im Laufe der Geschichte immer deutlicher offenbaren, wenn einer nach dem anderen der vorherrschenden Raubtiermentalität zum Opfer fällt. ...

Folk-Baltica - Kassensturz nach furiosem Finale - 27.04.2010, Sylter Rundschau shz.de
Die sechste Ausgabe von Folk-Baltica endete am Sonntag mit einem fulminanten Schlussakkord. Das Konzert der Gruppe "Shin" aus Georgien mit Wahlheimat Deutschland geriet zu einem dieser magischen Momente, die entstehen, wenn alles passt: erstklassige Musikalität, toller Sound und ein begeisterungsfähiges Publikum. Wer sich fragte, was an Georgien denn baltisch sei, erhielt die Antwort im zweiten Teil. Da traf das Quartett aus dem Kaukasus auf drei Menschen von der Ostsee, die den Länderschwerpunkt Lettland vertraten. ... >>Musik

Spaßfußballer Iashvili glaubt an den KSC - 26.04.2010, ka-news.de
Alexander Iashvili ist der Kapitän des Karlsruher SC. Und diesen Job übt der Georgier sehr gut aus. Auf dem Platz ist er immer ein Vorbild.
Neben dem Spielfeld steht er den jüngeren Spielern mit Rat und Tat zur Seite und organisiert immer wieder gemeinsame Veranstaltungen - auch "Teambildungs-Maßnahmen" genannt. Mit Iashvili, der am kommenden Spieltag in Duisburg gesperrt zuschauen muss, sprach Peter Putzing. ...
"Fußball ohne Spaß - da kannst du nichts erreichen"
ka-news: Sie sind ein Spaßfußballer. Hat es Ihnen in der schlimmen und schlechten Rückrunde noch Spaß gemacht?
Iashvili: Natürlich macht es mehr Spaß, wenn man einen Lauf hat, gewinnt und Punkte holt. Da fällt alles leichter. Aber auch wenn das nicht der Fall ist, muss man versuchen den Spaß beizubehalten. Fußball ohne Spaß - da kannst du nichts erreichen.
ka-news: Fliegen Sie nach Saisonende in Ihre Heimat nach Georgien in Urlaub?
Iashvili: Nicht direkt, denn ich habe noch Länderspiele bis Ende Mai. Danach werde ich aber meine Familie in der Heimat besuchen.

Wiesbaden - Filmfest goEast ehrt den georgischen Filmregisseur Iosseliani mit einer Hommage aus zehn Filmen - 26.04.2010, echo-online.de
... Das Werk des Georgiers besticht durch seine visuelle Kraft und kommt mit wenig Text aus. Mit einem Augenzwinkern klagte Iosseliani, wie viel die Filmkunst beim Übergang vom Stumm- zum Tonfilm verloren habe. ,,Als das Kino noch stumm war, musste man sich ausdrücken können ohne Worte." Er selbst schreibe ,,nicht wie Moliere oder Puschkin", deshalb sollten sein Filme ohne Sprache verständlich sein. In seinem Spielfilm ,,Ein Sommer auf dem Dorf" von 1975 (Kritikerpreis der Berliner Filmfestspiele 1982) sprechen Dorfbewohner den örtlichen mingrelischen Dialekt: ,,Ich bin sehr stolz darauf, dass vier Fünftel der Georgier das nicht verstehen konnten."

Black Sea Chill - Russia asserts itself in its near-abroad - 24.04.2010, The Wall Street Journal
"I hear lots of talk [in the U.S.] that the Cold War is over. It might be over for America, but certainly it's not over for Vladimir Putin." So said Georgia's President Mikheil Saakashvili during a visit to our offices this week, and the news from his region bears watching (excuse the pun).
On Wednesday, Russia paid off Ukraine with cheaper natural gas to extend the lease of its Black Sea fleet, which is up in 2017, for another 25 years and to keep a strategic toehold on the Crimea. The same day, Moscow announced plans to buy Mistral-class amphibious assault ships from France.
Both events sent a chill through the area, nowhere more so than across the Black Sea in Georgia, a fifth of whose territory remains under Russian occupation after the Kremlin invaded in August 2008. Russian officers have said that with the Mistral in hand they'd have conquered Georgia in half the time. ...

WER ZUERST KOMMT, MAHLT ZUERST - DER WETTLAUF MIT DER ZEIT UM DIE ENERGIEVERSORGUNG EUROPAS    >>Energiepolitik - Gas - Öl
These: ... Ziel Russlands ist, möglichst schnell mit Pipelinebauten die Diversifizierung durch Nabucco als Überversorgung erscheinen zu lassen ... die Invasion 2008 in Georgien brachte diesen Zeitgewinn für die russichen Projekte gegenüber Nabucco !
Putin garantiert in Wien russisches Gas für Europa - 25.04.2010, wienerzeitung.at
... Putin hat am Sonntag seinen zweitägigen Wien-Besuch beendet. Am Abend flog er weiter nach Mailand zu einem privaten Treffen mit seinem italienischen Amtskollegen Silvio Berlusconi. Putin hatte am Samstag der Unterzeichnung zweier Verträge über den Einstieg Österreichs in das russisch-italienische Gaspipeline-Projekt "South-Stream" beigewohnt und dabei erneut betont, dass Russland als verlässlicher Lieferant die Erdgasversorgung Europas "viele Jahre" sicherstellen werde – eine Diversifizierung der Lieferanten, wie sie das Leitungsprojekt "Nabucco" anstrebt, sei gar nicht nötig.
Putin in Wien: Politik, Wirtschaft und Judo-EM - 25.04.2010,krone.at
Interview mit EU-Energiekommissar Günter Oettinger zu Nordstream und Nabucco  - 09.04.2010, dradio - Länge: 07:35 Minuten
... Nabucco frühestens 2018 ... Entscheidung wird in diesem Jahr fallen ... es geht um 7-8 Mrd. (Euro Kosten) .. ob wir auf Dauer genügend Menge vertraglich gesichert bekommen, damit die Pipeline sich lohnt. ... die Pipeline ist noch nicht in trockenen Tüchern.
Text zum Beitrag: "Mit jeder weiteren Pipeline wird die Versorgungssicherheit erhöht"

JUDO 2010 EC TEAMS VIEANNA 22.04.-25.04.2010      >>Sport
Georgien wird Europameister im Judo-Mannschaftswettbewerb vor den Augen Putins - Russland belegt den dritten Platz; Levan Tsiklauri zeigt bei seinem Final-Sieg Putin sein Trikot mit dem Schriftzug "Georgia" - judo2010.eu
Award Ceremony Judo European Team Championships 2010 Vienna 1)Georgia 2) France 3)Romania 3) Russia  - youtube
Lasha Gujejiani (GEO) - Teddy Riner (FRA) [+90kg]  - youtube
Levan Tsiklauri (GEO) - Antoine Jeannin (FRA) [-90kg] - youtube
Varlam Liparteliani (GEO) - Romain Buffet (FRA) [-90kg] - youtube
Kedelashvili Zaza(GEO)-Korval Loic(FRA) Final-73 kg - youtube
Putin in Wien: Politik, Wirtschaft und Judo-EM - 25.04.2010,krone.at

Bürgermeisterwahl in Tbilisi steht im Zentrum des Interesses bei den lokalen Wahlen
- 23.04.2010, Civil Georgia
Am 30.5. werden 64 Stadträte gewählt. Bei der Bürgermeisterdirektwahl in Tbilisi benötigt der Wahlsieger neben der Stimmenmehrheit auch mehr als 30%  Stimmanteil, ansonsten käme es zu einer Stichwahl. Im Mai werden Fernsehdebatten der Kandidaten erwartet, Termine stehen noch nicht fest.
Die Wahlkampfveranstaltungen der Regierungspartei stehen unter der Überschrift "A Lot Remains to Be Done". In Tbilisi tritt für sie der bisherige Bürgermeister Gigi Ugulava an. Gegenkandidaten sind: Irakli Alasania, Alliance for Georgia, Giorgi Chanturia, Christian-Democratic Movement (CDM), und Zviad Dzidziguri, Conservative Party.
... Voters in Georgia will elect 64 new municipal councils in May 30 local elections, but the major focus will be on contest in Tbilisi, which will directly elect its mayor for the first time.
Outcome of mayoral contest in the capital city, where one-third of the country’s voters are concentrated, is believed to largely determine the country’s political landscape in run up to presidential elections in 2013, when Mikheil Saakashvili’s second and final term in office expires.
The ruling party has formally launched campaigning this week from provinces by nominating its candidates for local councils’ membership in some of the regional municipalities, including in Samegrelo, Svaneti, and Mtskheta-Mtianeti regions, as well as in the town of Gori.
Ruling party’s outdoor campaign rallies, led by various senior ruling party officials - in case of Poti in Samegrelo region Davit Bakradze, the parliamentary chairman, was involved – were held under the banner reading: "A Lot Remains to Be Done". 
No formal campaign has been launched by the ruling party in Tbilisi as it has yet to officially nominate its mayoral candidate, as well as candidates for Tbilisi City Council membership; deadline is April 30. ...

Russia Reclaims Influence, U.S. Doesn't Object - 23.04.2010, Time
Five years ago in the former Soviet Union, governments loyal to Moscow were falling roughly every six months. Those were the glory days of the "color revolutions" that brought new leaders to Georgia, Ukraine and Kyrgyzstan in quick succession between 2003 and 2005, all with the backing of the U.S. The region's political center of gravity was tilting sharply toward the West. But now that trend has reversed. ...

Erdgas: Förder-Boom lässt Rohstoffjäger träumen - 22.04.10, Spiegel
Gas galt als schwindender Rohstoff - doch jetzt machen verfeinerte Bohrmethoden neue Felder zugänglich. Ein weltweiter Megamarkt entsteht: Konzerne investieren Milliarden, Europa träumt von der energiepolitischen Entmachtung Russlands. ... es könnten die Machtverhältnisse in der Branche erschüttert werden ... gar die Machtverhältnisse in der Welt. Energie-Hegemon Russland könnte an Einfluss verlieren ... z.B. Polen könnte durch die Förderung neuer Gasvorkommen zur Energie-Mittelmacht werden.
zwei Neuerungen: 1. neue Bohrverfahren erschließen unkonventionelles Gas ... fünfmal so viel wie in den konventionellen Reservoirs. 2. Liquified Natural Gas (LNG) revolutioniert den Transport ...

Wie
Putin und seine ex-KGB-Bande das christliche Georgien mit muslimischen Kräften zerstören will:
Russia, Georgia and Islamic Terrorism - Written by Daniel Greenfield - 21.04.2010, Right Sight News
It is no secret that Russia is the world's biggest non-Muslim sponsor of Islamic terrorism. Russian weapons and rubles flow into Iran and Syria, and from there to terrorist groups throughout the Middle East. Russian personnel train the Iranians, who in turn train Iraqi Shiite terrorists on the best way to kill American soldiers. ...
Russia fights against Islamic seperatists, in order to control them and turn them into loyal subjects and troops again, as was done during the days of the USSR. And Russia's campaign in Chechnya is not about fighting Islamic terror, but about consolidating its hold on all the countries it used to control. And those campaigns are not limited to Muslim regions, but Christian ones as well. They include the Ukraine, Poland, Czechoslovakia... and Georgia as well. Because Christian or Muslim, it makes no difference to the Ex-Communists in power. They are determined to once again rule over them all.
Russia's KGB masters have used many tools to achieve their objectives. They've employed blackmail, intimidation, poison, election fraud, street violence and of course outright invasion by Russian "peacekeepers". But above all else, the KGB has excelled at one tool-- propaganda.
And so we come to Georgia once again. Russia's invasion of Georgia in 2008 failed to achieve its goals. But that doesn't mean that Vladimir Putin has decided to take a break and spend all his time, posing and primping with tigers, karate outfits and rap stars for the adulation of his own government controlled media. The FSB/KGB propaganda machine, which over the last few years has accused Georgia and President Saakashvili of every conceivable thing is now trying to plant stories claiming that Georgia is in league with Muslim terrorists against Russia. ...
But let's put Russia's own extensive ties to Islamic terrorism on hold for a minute, and focus on the situation in Georgia.
Russia's assault on Georgia is a virtual carbon copy of the NATO campaign against Yugoslavia. ...
In fact it was Russia who took its Muslim Chechen troops and marched them into Georgia. Those Muslim soldiers carried South Ossetian flags, (you remember that thriving nation of 50,000 people, whose independence Russia was fighting for.) And who were those Chechen troops fighting for Russia under a South Ossetian flag? They were former Chechen Muslim terrorists and guerrillas who switched sides and fought for Russia under Sulim Yamadayev as the Vostok Battalion. ...
It was Putin who brought Muslim terrorists in uniform into the heart of Georgia, to rob and kill, backed by the full might of the Russian military. ...
Deputy mufti of Abkhazia, Timur Dzyba, incidentally has big plans for Islamizing Abkhazia  by importing millions of Muslims from Turkey. Turkey's Islamist government and Ahmadinejad in Iran, have both pledged to cooperate with Moscow in "rebuilding" Abkhazia and South Ossetia. ...
Do you want to help the KGB thugs who provided Saddam with the weapons used to murder US soldiers? Who are providing Iran with nuclear technology in order to commit genocide? Who are the largest non-Muslim state sponsoring Islamic terrorism?
We always have the ability to do the right thing. To refuse to collaborate with evil. To refuse to be Dhimmis for either Islam or the KGB. That is the power of moral choice. That is the power of doing the right thing. That is the power of refusing to collaborate with evil. That is the power of being free. Because the power of evil comes from its ability to seduce you, to trick you, or to finally compel you to serve its ends. The power of good comes from refusing to do its bidding. And that is why only those who refuse to collaborate with evil, are truly free.

19.04.2010 - PRÄSIDENT SAAKASHVILI SETZT USA-BESUCH FORT
Georgian President Touts His Country's Business - 20.04.10, The Harvard Crimson
Saakahsvili discusses Georgia-Russia relations at IOP
By Paula I. Ibieta, CONTRIBUTING WRITER
Georgian President Mikheil Saakashvili painted a picture of Georgia’s economic and political liberalization in the past five years last night during a talk at the Harvard Kennedy School’s Institute of Politics.
“There is no way back to the Soviet Union,” Saakahsvili said, adding that Georgia has instead embarked on a transformative journey by embracing democratic reforms and economic openness. “There is no way out other than total social transformation and integration into Western society.”
In his address entitled “Georgia and Black Sea Security,” Saakashvili expanded the concept of national security to incorporate the relationship between security, democracy, and legal systems. Though he touched on the issue of Georgia-Russia relations in light of the Russian invasion of Georgia in 2008, he said that military strength alone would not ensure security for his country. ...
Students who attended the speech said they were surprised and impressed by Georgia’s commitment to modernization.
Elliot M. Shaw, a student at the Kennedy School, said he had previously been unaware of the opportunities for economic development in the country.
“It will be interesting to see if this development will translate to other nations in the region,” Shaw said.
Dennis M. Mwaura ’12, who also attended the speech, praised Saakashvili’s efforts to strengthen democratic institutions in Georgia, particularly the fact that Georgia currently ranks first in the world in combating corruption.
“It was clear that the president was really committed to democracy from his speech,” Mwaura said. ( The Harvard Crimson - History of The Crimson The Harvard Crimson, the nation's oldest continuously published daily college newspaper, was founded in 1873 and incorporated in 1967. The newspaper traces its history to the first issue of "The Magenta," published January 24, 1873, and changed its name to "The Crimson" to reflect the new color of the college on May 21, 1875. The Crimson has a rich tradition of journalistic integrity and counts among its ranks of editorship some of America's greatest journalists. The faces of Pulitzer Prize-winning Crimson editors line the walls of The Crimson. Past editors include John F. Kennedy '40. The name of Franklin D. Roosevelt, Class of 1904, is proudly engraved upon The Crimson's president's chair. One hundred and thirty-five years after its founding, having grown from a fortnightly newspaper to a daily, The Harvard Crimson continues to flourish with a strong body of undergraduate staff volunteers.)
Georgia President Saakashvili: Russian hostility won't sap our commitment to democracy - 20.04.10, Christian Science monitor
Mikheil Saakashvili says Russian hostility has helped turn Georgia into a democratic laboratory for the region, and argues that true security cannot be separated from democracy.
Präsident Saakashvili setzt den USA-Besuch fort und spricht unter anderem in Harvard - 20.04.2010, Civil Georgia
After attending funeral of Polish President, Lech Kaczynski, in Krakow on Sunday, where he arrived from the United States, President Saakashvili will return back to the U.S. "to continue his very important visit", Davit Jalagania, the Georgian deputy foreign minister, said on Monday,
He said that President Saakashvili would meet with New York City mayor Michael Bloomberg.
Saakashvili also plans to address an audience at the Harvard Institute of Politics and will also travel to Los Angeles to address an annual Milken Institute Global Conference on April 27.

18.04.2010 - TRAUERFEIER IN KRAUKAU >>Extra-Seite
Anreise von Präsident Saakashvili aus den USA über Portugal, Italien, Türkei, Bulgarien  und Rumänien nach Kraukau. Seine Gattin Sandra Elisabeth Saakaschwili-Roelofs reiste mit dem Auto in einer zwei-Tagesreise aus Belgien an. Frau Kanzlerin Merkel, Präsident Sarkozy und US-Präsident Obama sagten ab. - Gästeliste mit Zu- und Absagen

14.04.2010 - NUCLEAR SUMMIT WASHINGTON
Interview mit Saakashvili: President of Georgia on Nuclear Summit - 14.04.10, FoxNews
Georgia Prevented Illicit HEU Sale, President Says - 14.04.10, Global Security Newswire
Georgian President Mikheil Saakashvili said yesterday authorities in his nation last month seized weapon-grade uranium intended to be traded through the black market, the London Guardian reported (see GSN, Feb. 27, 2009). ...
Saakashvili addressed NSS in Washington - Daily Georgian Times - ‎Apr 14, 2010‎
Georgian president will meet with the Vice President of the United States Joseph Biden and Senator Richard Lugar amid with his participation in the Nuclear ...
Nuclear summit told how Georgia 'foiled plot to sell weapons-grade uranium' - The Guardian - ‎Apr 13, 2010‎
Georgian security forces have foiled a criminal plot to sell weapons-grade uranium on the black market, the country's president told a gathering of world ...
US-Vize-Präsident Biden trifft Präsident Saakashvili - 15.04.2010, Civil Georgia
U.S. Vice President, Joe Biden, met with President Mikheil Saakashvili on April 14 at the White House and thanked for Georgia’s “substantial contribution” to the Afghan operation, the U.S. embassy in Tbilisi said.
“The Vice President reiterated the United States' support for Georgia's sovereignty and territorial integrity. The Vice President encouraged President Saakashvili's efforts to strengthen Georgia through democratic and economic reforms designed to ensure stability and prosperity,” the embassy said.
“They discussed the deep and abiding friendship between the people of the United States and Georgia based on the shared values of democracy, freedom and respect for human rights,” it said.

10.04.2010 - TRAGÖDIE FÜR POLEN UND GEORGIEN >>Extra-Seite
Lech Kaczynski - National Hero of Georgia - finchannel.com
Polnischer Präsident Lech Kaczynski bei Flugzeugabsturz im Anflug auf das russische Smolensk getötet, mit ihm seine Frau und hochrangige polnische Persönlichkeiten:
Er war auf dem Weg zu einer Gedenkfeier in Katyn. In der Nähe des westrussischen Ortes Katyn verübte der sowjetische Geheimdienst NKWD eines der schwersten Verbrechen im Zweiten Weltkrieg. Dort und an zwei anderen Orten erschossen Soldaten fast 22 000 polnische Offiziere und Vertreter der bürgerlichen Elite und verscharrten sie.
wiki/Massaker_von_Katyn - Hintergrund: Das Massaker von Katyn
Crash kills Polish president Lech Kaczynski
: nytimes.com - news.bbc.co.uk  - csmonitor.com
Nachrichten aus Polen:
NEWS - Tragedy in Smolensk - The Warsaw Voice
List of Smoleńsk crash victims - The Warsaw Voice
President Kaczynski dies in plane crash - thenews.pl -
Medvedev launches investigation into President Kaczynski plane crash - thenews.pl -
President Lech Kaczyński dead in plane crash - Warsaw Business Journal -
World leaders send condolences - thenews.pl
Nachrichten aus Georgien:
Lech Kaczynski awarded title of National Hero of Georgia - Rustavi 2
Saakashvili: `Lech Kaczynski was hero of Georgia` - Rustavi 2
Georgian Foreign Ministry releases special statement on death of Polish President - Rustavi 2
Georgian Speaker, ministers offer their condolences to Polish People - Rustavi 2
Georgian citizens gather outside Polish embassy to express their condolences - Rustavi 2
Polish President dies in plane crash - Rustavi 2
Georgia Expresses Condolences over Kaczynski’s Death - Saakashvili: ‘Kaczynski Played Amazing Role in Fight for Georgia’s freedom’ - Civil Georgia
პოლონეთის პრეზიდენტის თვითმფრინავმა კატასტროფა განიცადა - fact.ge
Polish president's plane crashes in western Russia - 1tv.ge
Nachrichten aus Deutschland:
Analyse: Putin-Kritiker stürzt in den Tod - Zeit
Lech Kaczynski - FAZ - Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung
Der intellektuelle Kämpfer - sueddeutsche.de
Mit Kaczynski fand Polen neues Selbstbewusstsein - WELT ONLINE
Nach dem Unglück von Smolensk: Polen trauert um seine Elite - STERN.DE
Polens Präsident Kaczynski: Tragisches Ende einer nationalen Mission - Spiegel Online
Porträt Lech Kaczynski - Deutsche Welle
Die doppelte Tragödie - sueddeutsche.de

CNN-Berichte über Georgien verschoben: Beginn jetzt am 20.4. täglich eine Woche lang ab 21:20 Uhr
CNN berichtet mit neuen Serien über Georgien - 10.04.10, Rustavi 2
Seite zu den Berichten: www.ireport.com - Video-Intro - CNN-Videos über Georgien
Refugees caught in the middle of Georgia-Russia tensions
Unearthing Georgia's wine heritage
CNN`s new series to cover Georgia during one week
CNN`s new series i-List visits Georgia to highlight innovation and influence in industry, business, technology, culture and more there. The week of special programs starts April 12.
Show World One hosted by Jim Clancy will be aired on CNN at 12:30 a.m. every day during one week. Different interviews with pubic figures of Georgia will be aired within the show.
Interviews with Georgian Catholicos Patriarch His Holiness and Beatitude Ilia II, Georgian NBA star Zaza Pachulia and international ballet star Nino Ananiashvili will be aired on the show.
Special reports on different areas of reality in Georgia prepared by CNN journalist Ivan Watson during his one-week travel to the country in March 2010 will also be aired on the new series.

09.04.2010 - NORDSTREAM BAUBEGINN - AUSSAGEN ZU NABUCCO-PIPELINE
>>Energiepolitik - energy policy
Zeremonie zum Baubeginn der Ostsee-Pipeline - tagesschau.de mit Audio
Kommentar enthält auch Aussagen von Medwediew, Merkel und Schröder.
Ex-Bundeskanzler Schröder sagt in seiner Ansprache auch: ... Nordstream-Pipline ist die Pipeline, die zeitlich und technologisch am weitesten fortgeschritten ist. ...
Festakt zum Bau der Ostsee-Pipeline - Die Partner feiern ihre Milliardenröhren - tagesschau.de mit Video
Mit einem Festakt ist der offizielle Startschuss für den Bau der Ostsee-Pipeline gefallen. Russlands Präsident Dimitri Medwedjew würdigte das Projekt bei seiner Festrede in Wyborg als Zeichen einer neuen Qualität der Beziehungen zwischen Westeuropa und Russland. ... Ende 2011 soll erstmals Gas durch die Ostsee-Pipeline von Russland nach Deutschland fließen. ...  jährlich rund 55 Milliarden Kubikmeter Gas ... Der Vorsitzende des Aktionärsausschusses von Nord Stream, der frühere Bundeskanzler Gerhard Schröder, würdigte die energiepolitische Bedeutung des rund 7,4 Milliarden Euro teuren Projekts. ... Unterdessen kündigte der französische Versorger GDF Suez seinen Einstieg in die Nord Stream AG an. Nach Angaben von GDF-Chef Gerard Mestrallet will der Konzern neun Prozent der Anteile an dem Gemeinschaftsunternehmen erwerben. Gegenwärtig halten der russische Energiekonzern Gazprom 51 Prozent, die deutsche E.ON-Tochter Ruhrgas und die BASF-Tochter Wintershall jeweils 20 Prozent sowie der niederländische Versorger Nederlandse Gasunie neun Prozent. Es wird erwartet, dass E.ON und BASF ihre Anteile auf 15,5 Prozent reduzieren, damit GDF Suez eine neunprozentige Beteiligung erwerben kann.
Interview mit EU-Energiekommissar Günter Oettinger zu Nordstream und Nabucco  - 09.04.2010, dradio - Länge: 07:35 Minuten
... Nabucco frühestens 2018 ... Entscheidung wird in diesem Jahr fallen ... es geht um 7-8 Mrd. (Euro Kosten) .. ob wir auf Dauer genügend Menge vertraglich gesichert bekommen, damit die Pipeline sich lohnt. ... die Pipeline ist noch nicht in trockenen Tüchern.
Text zum Beitrag: "Mit jeder weiteren Pipeline wird die Versorgungssicherheit erhöht"

Rally to support Georgia held in Russia`s Novosibirsk - 09.04.10, Rustavi 2
A rally to support Georgia was held in Russia`s third largest city of Novosibirsk on Friday. The demonstrants assembled with red and white flags and banners saying: `No place for occupants in Georgia`. The rally was authorised. One of the slogans of the rally was saying: `Khvanchkara (Georgian wine) is tastier than Putinka`.
The rally members were saying that reforms are being successfully carried out in Georgia. The protest rally coincided with Prime Minister Vladimir Putin`s visit to Novosibirsk. The activists met Putin with banners saying: `I want Borjomi (Georgian mineral water)!`

08.04.2010 - KIRGISTAN WENDET SICH RUSSLAND ZU          >>These rollback
Russland: US-Stützpunkt in Kirgistan sollte geschlossen werden - Reuters
Nach dem Machtwechsel in Kirgistan beharrt Russland auf der Schließung des US-Stützpunktes in der früheren Sowjetrepublik. Ein ranghoher russischer Vertreter deutete am Donnerstag einen entsprechenden Vorstoß bei der neuen kirgisischen Regierung an. "Es sollte in Kirgistan nur einen Stützpunkt geben - einen russischen" ... Die kirgisische Regierung erklärte Russland mittlerweile zu ihrem "strategischen Schlüsselpartner". Man habe Russland um finanzielle und strategische Hilfen gebeten ...
(Anmerkung: drei Tage vor dem Umsturz war die Opposition in Moskau ...)

Abgeordnete senden int. Appell an die Abgeordnete von 31 Ländern: Abchasien und Südossetien sollen als von Russland besetzte Gebiete erklärt werden - 08.04.2010, Civil Georgia
der Appell: Brief vom Kommittee für auswärtige Beziehungen des georgischen Parlaments - weitere Appelle des Parlaments

Neue Gesprächspartner, alte Interessen - 08.04.10, Handelsblatt
Obama und Medwedjew weisen bei der Abrüstung erste Ergebnisse vor. Von einer neuen, schlagkräftigen Allianz der alten Supermächte sind sie aber noch weit entfernt. Dazwischen stehen divergierende Interessen - und eine neue Supermacht. ...
Aber dann gibt es viele widerstrebende Interessenlagen. Zum Beispiel ist das rohstoffreiche Russland an hohen Preisen für Öl, Gas und andere natürliche Ressourcen interessiert, genauso wie an der Verteidigung seiner marktbeherrschenden Stellung bei der Verteilung der Energieträger in Zentraleuropa. Genau das führt immer wieder zu regionalen Konflikten mit Ländern wie Georgien, der Ukraine und den Balten, die wiederum die USA als ihre Schutzmacht gegen Russland verstehen. ...

Bergdörfer von Swanetien in Georgien - 08.04.10, Welt
Hier finden Sie Informationen über die Bergdörfer von Swanetien in Georgien, die zum Weltkulturerbe der UNESCO gehören. ...

Moskau und Tskhinvali unterzeichnen ein Abkommen zu russischen Militärbasen - 08.04.2010, Civil Georgia
Moscow and Tskhinvali signed on April 7 an agreement according to which Russia will operate military base in the breakaway region for 49 years.
According to the agreement, signed by Russia’s Defense Minister Anatoly Serdyukov and Defense Minister of breakaway region Yuri Tanayev, the military base will protect “sovereignty and security of South Ossetia” and “to counter acts of armed attacks by international terrorist formations.”
A similar agreement on operation of a military base in Abkhazia was signed between Moscow and Sokhumi in February, 2010.
The Georgian Foreign Ministry said that such agreements “signed between the occupant country and the proxy regime created” by Russia “has no legal effects and is invalid.”
“Instead of carrying out its international obligations, Russia strengthens military presence on the occupied territories of Georgia and tries to place the process of creation of military bases for its occupation troops within ‘quasi legitimate’ frames,” the Georgian Foreign Ministry’s statement reads.
“At the same time, it is obvious that such actions of Russia just only promote destabilization in the region and create the favorable ground for constant provocations on the part of Russia and proxy regimes.”

Nordfriesland steht Pate für Georgien - 08.04.10, Husumer Nachrichten
... Eine Delegation aus Georgien, geleitet von Elene Tevdoradze, "Deputy State Minister for Reintegration", informierte sich bei dem vom "European Centre for Minority Issues" in Flensburg koordinierten Besuch über die Situation der Minderheiten in Schleswig-Holstein. Im Nordfriisk Instituut in Bredstedt zeigte sich Instituts-Direktor Professor Dr. Thomas Steensen beeindruckt von der Wissbegier der Gruppe: "So viel Interesse wirkt motivierend." ... Die Gäste aus Georgien - Mitarbeiter des Ministeriums für Reintegration und Wissenschaftler - wollen die hier gewonnenen Erkenntnisse bei ihrer Arbeit in ihrem Heimatland nutzen, wo es zahlreiche Minderheiten gibt. ...

Obama dankt Georgien für Truppenentsendung nach Afghanistan - 07.04.2010, Civil Georgia
U.S. President Barack Obama called President Saakashvili on April 6 to thank for Georgia's "significant contribution" in the Afghan operation, the White House said.
"The President relayed the strong support of the United States for Georgia’s sovereignty and territorial integrity. They discussed the importance of all sides avoiding provocative actions to build stability in the region," the White House said in a statement.
"The President appreciated President Saakashvili’s continuing commitment to democratic and economic reforms in order to fulfill the promise of the Rose Revolution."
The White House also said that the two presidents also discussed Nuclear Security Summit in Washington planned for April 12-13. President Saakashvili will be among leaders and senior officials from 47 countries participating in the summit.
The Georgian President's administration said that during the phone conversation President Saakashvili thanked the U.S. President for inviting him to take part in the summit.
Georgian President's spokesperson said on March 23 that a bilateral meeting between the Georgian and U.S. presidents was "not ruled out" on a sideline of the summit.
However, as of April 6 President Obama's schedule of bilateral meetings on sideline of the summit does not include the one with President Saakashvili. White House spokesman Robert Gibbs listed planned meetings with leaders from nine countries, including with President Sargsyan of Armenia and President Nazarbayev of Kazakhstan.
The Georgian President's administration said in a statement that during the phone conversation regional security and Georgia's democratic reforms were also discussed.
"The Presidents also spoke about the ongoing reforms in Georgia and the importance of the upcoming local elections. President Saakashvili thanked President Obama for America's continued assistance in helping to build an enduring liberal democracy in Georgia," the Georgian President's administration said.
"Both Presidents reaffirmed that a stable and democratic Georgia was a key to regional peace, cooperation, and progress," it added.
Meanwhile in Tbilisi senior U.S. military officials held talks with the Georgian counterparts on April 6 to discuss details of deployment of Georgian infantry battalion in the province of Helmand alongside with the U.S. marines.
Commander of the U.S. Marine Corps Forces Command, Lt. Gen. Richard F. Natonski and Commander of U.S. Marine Corps Forces in Europe Brig. Gen. Paul W. Brier met with Georgian Deputy Defense Minister Nodar Kharshiladze and chief of joint staff Devi Chankotadze.
Deployment of 31st infantry battalion next week will mark increase of number of Georgian troops in Afghanistan up to 950, making Georgia the largest per capita contributor to the Afghan operation. Georgia sent 175 soldiers to Afghanistan to serve under the French command last November.
Obama assures Georgia's Saakashvili of U.S. support - 07.04.10, Washington Post
President Barack Obama, in a gesture of support before meeting his Russian counterpart later this week, assured Georgia on Tuesday the United States backed the pro-Western country's independence. ...

NINO HARATISCHWILI
Krieg in Georgien als Theaterstück auf Kampnagel - 07.04.10, Welt
... "Radio Universe", geschrieben von Nino Haratischwili unter dem Eindruck des Georgienkrieges vom Sommer 2008, auf Kampnagel in Szene gesetzt von ihrer Regiekollegin Nina Mattenklotz, ist weit mehr als eine der üblichen, schnellen Reflektionen über den Krieg, die Moderne, die Mediendemokratie. ...
Nino Haratischwilis: Die ungeduldige Dramatikerin - 07.04.10, Hamburger Abendblatt
Mit 26 Jahren hat die umtriebige Autorin aus Georgien bereits ein gutes Dutzend Theaterstücke verfasst und kürzlich ihren ersten Roman bei der Leipziger Buchmesse präsentiert. Auf Erfolgskurs ist sie als Autorin und Regisseurin: Nino Haratischwili, 1983 in Tiflis/Georgien geboren, hat in Hamburg an der Theaterakademie Regie studiert. Sie erhielt für Stück und Inszenierung von "Agonie" den Rolf-Mares-Preis 2008. ...
Zähflüssige Inszenierung - 07.04.10, dradio
Nino Haratischwilis Stück "Radio Universe" über den Krieg in Georgien wurde in Hamburg uraufgeführt, Von Elske Brault
Lile fährt nach Georgien, um ihren sterbenden Vater ein letztes Mal zu sehen. Völlig unvermittelt bricht in Georgien ein Krieg aus - Lile ist mittendrin und berichtet davon in E-Mails ihrer Freundin Zoe in Deutschland, die diesen Krieg nur aus Fernsehbildern kennt. ...
Die Nächte in Tiflis - 14.08.2008, Berliner Zeitung
Ein Kriegstagebuch aus der georgischen Hauptstadt, von Nino Haratischwili
Als ich in Tiflis in den Innenhof zu meiner Wohnung biege - es ist kurz nach elf und schon dunkel, ich war Zigarettenholen: unsichtbar, still, mit sich genauso still und unsichtbar bewegenden Menschen -, höre ich ein merkwürdiges Flüstern. Eine Schar von Frauen und Männern sitzt auf den Bänken und unterhält sich, aber in Georgien unterhalten sich Menschen normalerweise laut und gestikulierend, man hört sie aus zehn Metern Entfernung. Jetzt sitzen sie geduckt und flüstern. Man hört einzelne Wörter, in denen es immer wieder um das Gleiche geht: um Fassungslosigkeit, Ungewissheit. Die letzten fünf Tage haben die Gesten und den Tonfall verändert, ganz zu schweigen von der Verfassung der Menschen. ...

LOKALE WAHLEN IN GEORGIEN
36 Parteien beantragten die Teilnahme an den lokalen Wahlen - 03.04.2010, Civil Georgia
36 parties have submitted applications to the Central Election Commission (CEC) for registration to run in the May 30 local elections.
Labor Party, National Forum and Nino Burjanadze’s Democratic Movement – United Georgia are not among them. These parties have said that they would not run in the local elections.
The deadline for submitting applications expired at 6pm on April 3.
Those parties, which have not run in the 2008 parliamentary elections, or have no representative in the Parliament will have to submit list of 30,000 signatures of supporters for registration before April 10; CEC has a deadline before April 13 to register or to refuse in registration.
Then the registered parties will have a deadline before April 17 to establish an election bloc and ran in the election on the joint ticket. For example, New Rights Party, Republican Party and Our Georgia-Free Democrats, which are united in the Alliance for Georgia will likely set up an election bloc. The same is expected in respect of National Council, which among others also includes ex-PM Zurab Nogaideli’s Movement for Fair Georgia, Conservative Party and Party of People. All of them have applied for registration to the CEC.
Liste der Parteien, die an den lokalen Wahlen teilnehmen wollen
   1. Democratic Party of Georgia
   2. Future Georgia
   3. National-Democratic Party
   4. The Merab Kostava Society
   5. Political Movement - Solidarity
   6. Political Union – Patriot Order Samshoblo
   7. Political Organization - Mamuli
   8. Greens Party of Georgia
   9. Our Georgia–Free Democrats
  10. Republican Party;
  11. Political Union - New Rights Party;
  12. Political Union - Public Democrats;
  13. Political Party – Our Country (Chveni Kvekana);
  14. Christian-Democratic Movement;
  15. Political Union of Citizens  - Christian-Democratic Peoples’ Party;
  16. Political Union of Citizens - Labour Council of Georgia;
  17. Georgian Troupe (Kartuli Dasi);
  18. Political Union of Citizens -  Public Alliance of Whole Georgia;
  19. Political Union 'On Our Own';
  20. Movement – Justice for Georgia;
  21. Party – Neutral Georgia;
  22. Political Union of Citizens – Georgian Laborers Rights Defence Party;
  23. The National Party of Radical Democrats of Georgia;
  24. Conservative Party of Georgia;
  25. Political Union - Tavisupleba;
  26. Georgia's Way;
  27. Party of Peoples’ Party;
  28. Political Union – United National Movement;
  29. Party of Future;
  30. Political Movement of Law enforcement Veterans, Patriots and Pensioners – Mamulishvili;
  31. Industry Will Save Georgia (Industrialists);
  32. Union of Georgian Sportsmen;
  33. Conservative (Monarchist) Party of Georgia;
  34. Movement for United Georgia;
  35. Political Union of Georgian Lawyers;
  36. People's Party

Der potenzierte Balkan - 01.04.10, FAZ
... Russland hat es da mit einem historischen Erbe zu tun, dessen Wurzeln in das späte 18. und frühe bis mittlere 19. Jahrhundert zurückreichen. Damals erreichte der Expansionsdrang, der unter Zar Iwan im 16. Jahrhundert mit der Eroberung Kasans und Astrachans begonnen hatte, unter Zar Peter im frühen und unter der Zarin Katharina im späten 18. Jahrhundert mit der Zerschlagung der Herrschaft der Krimtataren (1783) fortgesetzt worden war, den Sperrriegel des Kaukasus. ... Das heutige Russland ist zum großen Teil noch immer Erbe einer riesigen kolonialen Landmasse, die in Jahrhunderten erobert und erworben wurde. ...

RUSSLAND NUTZT ANSCHLAG IN MOSKAU ZU UNTERSTELLUNGEN GEGENÜBER GEORGIEN
Temur Iakobashvili, Staatsminister für Reintegration, zu den Bemerkungen von Patrushev - 31.03.2010, Civil Georgia
"Die georgische Regierung hat immer Terrorismus verurteilt ... sogar wenn er im Lager unseres Gegners stattfindet. Wir hoffen, dass die Russen - anstatt mit den Fingern auf andere zu zeigen - wirklich untersuchen und herausfinden werden, wer hinter diesen terroristischen Taten steht. ... Wenn etwas auf Georgien hinweist, laßt sie kommen und uns berichten und wir sind bereit zu kooperieren."
Remarks by Nikolai Patrushev, secretary of Russia’s National Security Council, suggesting on possible Georgian link to Moscow metro bombings were made for internal consumption, Temur Iakobashvili, the Georgian state minister for reintegration, said on March 31.
“The Georgian authorities have always condemned, condemn and will always condemn terrorism even if it takes place in our adversary’s camp. We hope, that instead of pointing fingers, Russians will really investigate and find out who stands behind these terrorist acts [in Moscow],” he said.
“If something points on Georgia, let them [Russians] come and tell us and we are ready to cooperate,” he told Rustavi 2 television station. “North Caucasus is not a problem of only Russia, it is a problem for us too, as we do not want reoccurrence of Pankisi case or a large scale operation [in North Caucasus], which may trigger influx of refugees into Georgia from North Caucasus.”
He said that there was “nothing surprise” that Patrushev made such statement.
“Surprise was that he was late to make such statement,” Iakobashvili said.
“Unfortunately, it became a trend in Russia – Jewization of Georgians – wherein if previously Jews were to blame for everything in Russia, now Georgians are to be blamed for everything,” he added.
Iakobashvili also said that while Russia’s Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov suggested that militants operating in Afghanistan might have helped organize the Moscow attacks, Patrushev was speaking about possibility of Georgian link.
“Knowing that Afghanistan is a problem for the West, Lavrov is making this statement for the Western and in general for international [consumption], while Patrushev’s statement is probably more for the internal consumption; his [Patrushev’s] statement echoes anti-Georgian hysteria in Russia,” Iakobashvili said.
Nikolai Patrushev, Sekretät des nationalen Sicherheitsrates von Russland, sagt, dass die Ermittler in allen Richtungen arbeiten, einschließlich einer möglichen Beteiligung Georgiens - 31.03.2010, Civil Georgia
... “All the versions need to be checked,” Patrushev responded. “For example, there is Georgia and its leader Saakashvili, whose actions are unpredictable.” ...

Neue Umgangsformen im Schengenland
- 30.03.2010, NZZ
Am 5. April tritt ein neuer Visakodex in Kraft. Der Umgang mit Schengen-Visa wird transparenter und klarer, weil die Regelungen künftig in einem Rechtstext zusammengefasst werden. ...

Georgien drückt sein Beileid aus zu den Familien der Opfer der beiden Bombenanschanschläge in der Moskauer Metro - 29.03.2010, Civil Georgia
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Seite
Außenminister Vashadze: "Georgien war immer gegen Terrorismus ... wir hoffen, dass die Täter dieses schrecklichen Verbrechens festgenommen und bestraft werden."
Georgian Foreign Minister, Girgol Vashadze, condemned terrorism and expressed condolences following two separate explosions, which hit Moscow subway on Monday morning.
Speaking at a joint news conference after talks with Lithuanian counterpart in Tbilisi, Vashadze said: “Georgia and Lithuania have always been against terrorism… We express our condolences to the families of victims and hope that culprits of this terrible crime will be arrested and punished.”
The Russian authorities said two women suicide bombers blew themselves up on the Moscow subway during rush hour killing at least 36 people and wounding more than 60.

Georgien erhält US-Finanzmittel für Afghanistan-Operation - 27.03.2010, Civil Georgia
Georgia is among those six countries, which will receive funding this year from the U.S. Department of Defense to help their troops operate with coalition forces in Afghanistan, the Pentagon said on March 26.
"Six of the programs will build capacity for forces of Georgia, Croatia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania and Estonia to work alongside U.S. forces in Afghanistan," the Pentagon said.
In the notification sent to the Congress, the Pentagon said that total of USD 350 million is dedicated to this program this fiscal year. Pentagon also said that apart of the six nations, Yemen and the Philippines will also receive money from this funding to strengthen their militaries inside their countries.
Details of the programs, including descriptions, timelines and cost data, will come into focus after the Department of Defense sends a second written notification to Congress, the Pentagon said.
Georgia, which already has 175 soldiers in Afghanistan serving under the French command, will send in April an infantry battalion without national caveats, which will be deployed alongside with the U.S. Marines in the province of Helmand. After the deployment of the battalion Georgia will become the largest per capital contributor to the Afghan operation.
Alexander Vershbow, the U.S. assistant secretary of defense for international security affairs, said last October after security talks in Tbilisi, that the current focus of Washington's assistance to Georgian defense reforms was on doctrine, education and training and preparing Georgian troops for the Afghan deployment.
Countries to Receive Special Defense Department Funds - 26.03.10, American Forces Press Service
WASHINGTON, March 26, 2010 – The Defense Department has notified Congress that eight countries will receive special funds from the department this year, Pentagon officials said today.
Georgia, Croatia, Estonia, Lithuania, Hungary and Latvia will receive funds to help troops from those nations operate with U.S. and coalition troops in Afghanistan. ... Details of the programs will come into focus after the Defense Department sends a second written notification to Congress “not less than 15 days prior to the execution of a particular program,” officials said. The second notification includes the program descriptions, timelines and cost data.

Russlands Außenministerium bezeichnet den Transfer von ex-Guantanamo-Häftlingen nach Georgien als 'keine gute Idee' - 28.03.2010, Civil Georgia
Im Gefolge von Vorwürfen an die georgische Regierung wird von dem Sprecher Andrei Nesterenko darauf hingewiesen, dass es keine Garantien gebe, dass diese Islamisten eines Tages nicht in den Nordkaukasus infiltrieren würden. "Heute kann niemand sicher sein, dass die georgischen Behörden eine angemessene Kontrolle über die ex-Guantanamo-Häftlinge sicherstellen wolle oder dazu fähig sei."
Transfer of three detainees from Guantanamo to Georgia "can hardly be called a good idea," Andrei Nesterenko, a spokesman for the Russian Foreign Ministry, said on March 26.
He said that former detainees had been sent "to unstable region, where terrorism threat is quite real"; he suggested that there were no guarantees that one day these "Islamists" would not infiltrate into North Caucasus.
"[The former Guantanamo detainees] have been transfered 'to custody' of the state, whose leadership has repeatedly shown high level of irresponsibility and criminal adventurism in matters related to the regional security," Nesterenko said.
"Today no one can be sure, that the Georgian authorities want or are capable of securing proper control over former Guantanamo detainees," he said.
Nesterenko said Moscow thought the United States would "somberly assess risks accompanying this decision" and undertake all the measures "to prevent surprises".
The three individuals were transfered from Guantanamo to Georgia on March 23. The U.S. Department of Justice said that the transfer was coordinated with the Georgia to ensure that it "took place under appropriate security measures and consultations regarding these individuals will continue."

Litauischer Außenminister Audronius Ažubalis besucht Georgien - 27.03.2010, Civil Georgia
Audronius Ažubalis, the Lithuanian foreign minister, will pay an official visit to Georgia on March 27-30.
Foreign Minister Ažubalis will meet with his Georgian counterpart Grigol Vashadze, President Saakashvili, Parliamentary Chairman Davit Bakradze and other senior officials, as well as with opposition representatives, according to the Lithuanian Foreign Ministry.
It said that bilateral relations, including economic cooperation, as well as issues related with Georgia’s Euro-Atlantic integration would be discussed during the visit.
The Foreign Minister will also visit EU Monitoring Mission in Georgia (EUMM). According to EUMM there are four Lithuanian monitors in the 250-strong mission.

Präsident Saakashvili trifft NATO-Generalssekretär Anders Fogh Rasmussen - 25.03.2010, Civil Georgia
NATO Secretary General, Anders Fogh Rasmussen, said on March 25 he had reiterated to President Saakashvili that the alliance’s policy towards Georgia “has not changed”.
“We will continue to support Georgia in its Euro-Atlantic aspiration,” Rasmussen said and reiterated NATO’s open-door, merit-based admission policies.
Speaking at a joint news conference with Rasmussen after the meeting in Brussels, President Saakashvili has declined to speculate about possible timeframe of Georgia’s future membership.
“I don’t think we should put time limits,” he said. “There are many factors in interplay and never say never, because we have seen in the past people saying the Baltic countries will never join [NATO] in their lifetime… Things change very fast and we should work and we are willing to do our homework, we need to be ready. We’ll see.”
He also said that ongoing occupation of Georgia’s regions of Abkhazia and South Ossetia by Russia should not be an obstacle to Georgia’s NATO integration.
“There were cases, when countries were divided and they became members of NATO. I hope this division will be overcome before that and whole this thing will happen much earlier than any of us can imagine. But we need to work and it’s not about us making wild guess when exactly [it happens],” Saakashvili said.
The NATO Secretary General reiterated the alliance’s commitment to Georgia’s territorial integrity and said: “Our allies stick to their policy of non-recognition of the Abkhazia and South Ossetia regions of Georgia.”
“NATO continues to call on Russia to fulfill its obligations under the six-point ceasefire agreement and to allow international monitors into the entire territory of Georgia,” Rasmussen said.
He welcomed the Georgian government’s strategy towards Abkhazia and South Ossetia, which, he said, “advocates engagement as opposed to isolation.”
“I consider this strategy as step in a right direction,” Rasmussen said.
He said that “ongoing process of democratic reforms” in Georgia was also discussed during the meeting.
“We hope to see the implementation of the necessary electoral and constitutional reforms in line with the commitments Georgia has undertaken in its Annual National Program,” Rasmussen said.
“In that respect the upcoming local elections will be an important milestone,” he added.
Rasmussen thanked Georgia for its contribution to the Afghan operation. Georgia, which already has 175 soldiers in Afghanistan serving under the French command, will send in April an infantry battalion without national caveats, who will be deployed alongside with the U.S. Marines in the province of Helmand. After the deployment of the battalion Georgia will become the largest per capital contributor to the Afghan operation.
Saakashvili said that Georgia was ready to contribute to the Afghan operation not only by sending troops there, but also through providing training to the Afghan police forces both in Georgia and on the ground in Afghanistan.
“We have the most successful example – in the region at least and one of the best one among recent examples of transitional countries – of police reform,” Saakashvili said.
He said Georgia had also offered NATO to use its territory as a transit route for supplies in Afghanistan. In March, 2005 Georgia and NATO signed an agreement envisaging use of Georgia’s air space, road and rail infrastructure for transit purposes by NATO to send supplies for its troops in Afghanistan. The route operating through Georgia, however, is not sanctioned for arms shipments
Saakashvili also told the NATO Secretary General that after his appointment NATO’s doors “have opened very widely for Georgian officials.”
“I’m seventh in row, I am concluding long list of Georgian officials that had opportunity to meet you for last several months,” he said.
President Saakashvili is in Brussels to participate in summit of European People’s Party to which the ruling National Movement party is an observer member.

Drei Guantanamo-Gefangene nach Georgien entlassen - 24.03.10, RP Online
... Das georgische Innenministerium erklärte am Mittwoch, die drei Exgefangenen aus dem Nahen Osten könnten Kontakt zu ihren Familien aufnehmen und in Freiheit leben, dürften das Land aber nicht verlassen. ...
Georgia and Switzerland take in Guantanamo detainees - 24.03.10, BBC
... US officials gave no details of the three men sent to Georgia but a Georgian minister said they were from the Middle East. ...

Da im russischen Fernsehen nicht darüber berichtet wird:          >>Seite
"Tag des Zorns" in Russland - Tausende gehen gegen Putins Politik auf die Straße - 20.03.10, ARD
In etwa 50 russischen Städten haben Tausende Menschen gegen Ministerpräsident Putin demonstriert. Am "Tag des Zorns", den die Opposition ausgerufen hatte, machten sie ihrem Ärger über Arbeitslosigkeit, steigende Preise und Steuererhöhungen Luft.  ...
Festnahmen bei landesweiten Protesten gegen Putin - 20.03.10, Zeit
«Tag der Wut» in Russland: Tausende Demonstranten haben mit Rücktrittsforderungen gegen Regierungschef Wladimir Putin ihrem Ärger über zunehmende soziale Ungerechtigkeit Luft gemacht. Allein in den Städten Moskau, St. Petersburg, Wladiwostok und Kaliningrad seien am Samstag insgesamt rund 10 000 Anhänger der Opposition auf die Straße gegangen, berichtete die Internetseite kasparov.ru. ...
Гнев ОМОНа - 20.03.10,kasparov.ru
Милиционеры травили участников Дня гнева перцовым газом ...

Rugby: Georgien - Russland in Trabzon  36 : 8   -   22.03.10        >>Sport
Georgien siegt überlegen über Russland im Heimspiel um den Europacup! Wieder eine deutliche Niederlage für Russland nach der 21:29 Niederlage im Hinspiel. Damit behält Georgien seine Führung im Europacup und beendet die Spielserie auf Platz 1 vor Russland und Portugal. Sowohl Georgien als auch Russland sind nun qualifiziert für den Weltcup in Neuseeland im nächsten Jahr. Tabelle ENC Divsion 1
Gerücht: Angeblich soll Putin den russischen Spielern 1 Mio. für einen Sieg geboten haben.
Präsident Saakashvili zeichnete die Rugby-Mannschaft aus für den Sieg über Russland - 22.03.2010, Civil Georgia   
President Saakashvili awarded on Sunday each member of Georgia's rugby team with Order of Honor after beating Russia 36-8 in the last round of the European Nations Cup to secure top spot in division one.
Both Georgia and Russia had already qualified for the next year's World Cup in New Zealand even before Saturday's match, with Georgia finishing with 27 points in the group, followed by Russia with 25 points.
Speaking at a meeting with players from the national team in the presidential palace, Saakashvili thanked the team for dedicating the match against Russia to the memory of fallen Georgian soldiers.
"I do not want to politicize sport and we should not have any hate for sportsmen and we don't have any; sport is about friendship; but not a single Russian television station reported about your victory," Saakashvili said.
"Georgians have called the yesterday's match 'a match of honor'; I want to award the entire team with Order of Honor," he said.
Georgia-Russia match was played in Turkey's Black Sea town of Trabzon, about three-hour drive from the Georgian border on a stadium packed with up to 6,000 Georgians. Davit Bakradze, the Georgian parliamentary speaker; Nika Rurua, sports and culture minister, Alexander Lomaia, Georgia's UN ambassador, as well as First Lady Sandra Roelofs were among them.
The Georgians beat the Russians 29-21 in their first clash of this season's tournament in Mariupol, Ukraine year ago.
Saturday's match was in the top story on the Georgian television stations with news bulletins covering extensively not only its result followed by celebrations, but also run-up to the match in previous days.
Georgian national rugby team scores 36:8 victory over Russian team - 20.03.10, Rustavi 2
Georgian national rugby team has scored 36:8 victory over the Russian team in Akcaabat town of north-eastern province of Trabzon in Turkey. It has been the last game in 2011 world cup qualification tour. Georgian rugby players took the lead at the very beginning. The Georgian sportsmen scored the first goal in the first five minutes.
Thousands of Georgian supporters attended the match in Trabzon. High officials were among them, like Georgian Speaker Davit Bakradze, Georgian envoy to UN Kakha Lomaia, Minister for Sports, Culture and Monument Protection Nikoloz Rurua and others. First Lady Sandra Rulovs also arrived in Turkey. Georgians living in Trabson attended the game as well.
Those, who were not able to go to Turkey to encourage the Georgian team there will be able to watch the game on large monitors in Tbilisi. Fan clubs have also opened.
Rugby game between Georgia and Russia arouses great interest - 20.03.10, Rustavi 2
The rugby game to be played Saturday between Georgia and Russia as part of the European Nations Cup in Akcaabat town of north-eastern province of Trabzon arouses great interest. High officials of the International Rugby Board have arrived in Turkay as well. Chief Executive of IRB Mike Miller said rugby is not just a game of the Six Nations. Miller thinks, Georgia has the team deserving consideration and recognition of the Six Nation. Heads of the Turkish Rugby Union express confidence that after the game between Georgia and Russia rugby boom will explode in Turkey.
In Akcaabat town everything is prepared for the game. About 6 thousand Georgian fans have arrived in Turkey to support the Georgian team, which is perfectly ready for the game. Georgian rugby players promise their supporters a merciless game and another defeat of the Russian team.
Over 5 thousand supporters left for Turkey by buses from Vardebi and Tavisupkleba squares of Tbilisi on Friday. Young supporters also left for Trabzon to support Georgian sportsmen there. The game is to start at 5 p.m.
About hundred supporters also left for Trabson from the city of Kutaisi Imereti Region on Friday. Their transportation is funded by the local municipality.
Supporters, who were not able to go to Turkey to encourage the Georgian team there will be able to watch the game on large monitors in Tbilisi and Kutaisi. Fan clubs have also opened.
Rugby game between Georgia and Russia arouses great interest - 19.03.10, Geotimes

Staatsminister präsentiert der OSZE in Wien das Strategierpapier der Regierung zu den besetzten Gebieten Abchasien und Südossetien - 19.03.2010, Civil Georgia
"Die georgische Regierung hat einen Weg der De-Isolation und des Engagements gewählt entgegengesetzt einem Weg der Ächtung und Ausschließung. ... Die Strategie zielt auf die Lebensumstände und örtliche Situationen, welche schließlich eine freiwillige Wiedervereinigung von Gemeinschaften und friedliche Entsetzung von diesen Gebieten fördert."
Temur Iakobashvili, Georgia's state minister for reintegration, called on OSCE "to find ways and tools how to become more active" in the implementation of Georgia's strategy towards its two breakaway regions.
Iakobashvili addressed a special meeting of the OSCE Permanent Council in Vienna and presented the Georgian government's State Strategy on Occupied Territories: Engagement through Cooperation.
Presentation was part of the Georgian government's efforts to mobilize international support behind its strategy. Iakobashvili in recent weeks has toured western capital and various international organizations, including NATO, EU and Council of Europe presenting the document.
"Government of Georgia has chosen a path of de-isolation and engagment as opposed to the path of ostracism and exclusion," Iakobashvili told the Council.
"Sometimes the strategy is percieved as the [Georgian] government's reintegration or deocupation strategy. This is an incorrect definition," he said. "The title of the strategy precisely reflects its vision and strategic intent - it is the roadmap for engagement and cooperation with the communities, residing currently on the occupied territories. The strategy aims at creating environment and ground, which eventually will support to voluntary re-unification of communities and peaceful de-occupation of these territories."
"This is a long-term goal, which is not a subject matter of the strategy, but rather an eventual by-product of the conflidence and trust that could be built between the war-torn communities."
He said that two "fundamental pillars" were necessary in order to implement the strategy: non-recognition policy and active engagement.
"Active non-recognition policy should continue to be pursued everywhere. Russia has to be constantly reminded of its obligations under international law," Iakobashvili said. "At the same time, while our territories continue to be occupied, we should not forget about the people, who reside there."
He said that three issues were not included in the strategy: security, status and internally displaced persons. He said these were issues "of a medium to long-term nature." But relations between the communities separated by the war, he continued, was the issue of "an imminent humanitarian nature and we can not wait until all the differences are sorted out."
"We need to act now and act quick. This act has to be depoliticized," Iakobashvili said.
The Georgian government is now working on developing an action plan, which will lay out concrete proposals on how the strategy can be implemented.
Iakobashvili said the goal was to organize a conference in the nearest months to discuss an action plan. He also said that French Foreign Minister, Bernard kouchner, had expressed interest to host the conference.
The action plan, Iakobashvili said, would have two parts - unilateral actions and "bileteral activities with authorities in control", referring to the authorities of breakaway regions.
Unilateral actions, which can be undertaken by the Georgian government, will include providing residents of breakaway regions access to the benefits available for the rest of the population of Georgia - healthcare, education, social benefits or international travel. He said that Tbilisi was ready to amand its legislature to put it in line with this purpose.
In respect of actions, requiring interaction with the authorities in the breakaway regions, the Georgian government is offering to establish "status-neutral liaison mechanism."
"UNDP is sought to become platform for this mechanism and in particular cases it will serve as an implementation agency as well," Iakobashvili said.
In his address he also reiterated that conflict with Russia could only be solved through peaceful means. "This is the only viable way forward and we recognize this," Iakobashvili said.

Schlag gegen die russische Mafia - 15.03.10, Welt
Bei einer großangelegten Polizeiaktion gegen die russische Mafia sind in Spanien mindestens 24 Verdächtige gefasst worden.
... Laut dem spanischen Radiosender RNE handelt es sich bei den im Zuge der Polizeioperation „Java“ Festgenommenen größtenteils um Georgier und Russen.
Schlag gegen georgische Mafia in Westeuropa - 15.03.10, swissinfo.ch
Bei einer grossangelegten Polizeiaktion gegen die Mafia aus Nachfolgestaaten der ehemaligen Sowjetunion, vor allem aus Georgien, sind in Westeuropa mindestens 69 Personen festgenommen worden. In der Schweiz kam es zu elf Verhaftungen. ...

Georgierin wird angeblich 130 Jahre alt - 13.03.2010, SF Tagesschau
Antisa Khvichava lebt in einem kleinen Bergdorf in Georgien. In ihrem Pass steht beim Geburtsdatum die unglaubliche Zahl 8. Juli 1880. 129 Jahre alt wäre die Dame also, sollten die Angaben stimmen – und somit wäre sie der älteste Mensch der Welt. ...

FIKTIONALER IMEDI TV-BERICHT ÜBER RUSSISCHE INVASION     >>Extra-Seite
Behörden schließen eine Untersuchung der Telefonaufzeichnungen zum Imedi TV-Bericht aus - 19.03.2010, Civil Georgia
Pavle Kublashvili, Abgeordneter der Regierungspartei: "Es sollte keine Gutachten dieser Telefonaufzeichnungen aus einenm einfachen Grund heraus geben: eine Spur zu russischen Nachrichtendiensten ist offensichtlich."
Authorities Rule Out Probe into Fake TV Report-Related Phone Recordings
The authorities have ignored calls for probe into recorded phone conversations, which surfaced in connection with Imedi TV's fake report, saying that there was no doubt that recordings were "fabricated" by the Russian Federal Security Service (FSB) and there was no need to make further focus on the issue in internal political discourse as it was exactly what Russia wanted.
One of the recordings involves a brief discussion allegedly between Culture Minister Nika Gilauri and President Saakashvili about the fake TV report.
"I will not comment on fabrications made by FSB [Russia's Federal Security Service] and on such foolishness," Rurua said on March 19 after he was asked to comment on the recordings.
This recording, in which the man with voice resembling the one of Saakashvili says it was a mistake of Imedi TV not to make a disclaimer caption on the screen, was posted on a mysterious Russian-language website a day after a separate recording of phone conversation between Imedi TV's head and his deputy surfaced on the same website. This latter conversation indicated that President Saakashvili could have been behind the TV hoax.
Christian-Democratic Movement, a leading party in the parliamentary minority, called for setting up of an ad hoc investigative parliamentary commission into the matter and opposition Alliance for Georgia, called on the authorities to carry out an expertise of the recording with the participation of foreign experts.
"There should be no expertise of these phone recordings for one simple reason: a trace of Russian special services is obvious," Pavle Kublashvili, a ruling party lawmaker, who chairs parliamentary committee for legal affairs, told Civil.Ge on March 18.
Asked if he though that questions on the matter would linger unless no documented confirmation was produced, MP Kublashvili responded: “It [Russian involvement] is absolutely clear for the society and I hope that you also have no question marks about it.”
"It is just in Russia’s interests if we now start discussing it and we are not going to do that,” he said.
Imitierter Bericht über wieder ausgebrochenen Krieg löst Panik und Zorn auf Imedi TV aus - 13.03.2010, Civil Georgia   
A 30-minute long fake report by Imedi television station on Saturday evening as if Russian troops were advancing to Tbilisi triggered panic and also wave of anger on the television station, which has a nationwide broadcasting.
In a brief notice to viewers before the launch of the report, the television station told viewers it was "a simulation" of what might happen in case Russian plans materialize. As the fake report was running mobile networks crushed for several minutes as many were trying to call to find out what was happening. News agencies reported, that number of calls received by an emergency ambulance service, increased significantly at the time when the fake report was running on Imedi TV.
The report was aired by the Imedi TV's weekly program Special Report, which started just couple of minutes before 8pm - time when Imedi TV runs its usual news bulletin Kronika. Imedi TV's head is Giorgi Arveladze, former member of government and a long-time ally of President Saakashvili.
"Have you ever thought about the end of the Georgian statehood? Probably yes, because we have already seen this threat in summer, 2008," an anchor of Special Report, Natia Koberidze, said while opening the program.
She then continued: "Russia's tactic against Georgia becomes more and more dangerous. The occupying force is vigorously searching for and is finding a foothold within the Georgian political spectrum."
"We want to offer you a simulated, special bulletin of Kronika. Our viewers and invited guest [in Special Report program's studio] will see a news bulletin of probably the toughest day for Georgia, which take into view those threats which politicians and experts are discussing regularly; [a news bulletin about] how events may develop if the society is not consolidated against Russia's plans. Let's see the news bulletin about the worst future."
After these introductory remarks by the anchor, a regular 8pm news bulletin of Imedi TV, Kronika, started. The story line of the fake report focuses on post-local election period, sometime in early June, 2010; opposition, allegedly led by Nino Burjanadze and Zurab Nogaideli - the two politicians who have recently met with Russia's PM Vladimir Putin, protests against the local election results; Russia uses unrests in Georgia and intervenes militarily. The fake report culminated with announcement about President Saakashvili's "assassination" and "clashes" in outskirt of Tbilisi.
The TV station carried no sign on the screen indicating that the report was fake,
A regular anchor of 8pm Kronika opened the news bulletin with announcing that President Saakashvili would make a special statement about "the current situation in Georgia."
Then he continued: "As it was reported few minutes ago, the Russian military forces, including its tank battalion, deployed in Akhalgori [breakaway South Ossetia], declared combat readiness; it is not ruled out that they will marched towards the capital [Tbilisi]. This information caused panic in Gori, Tbilisi and other Georgian cities; residents are trying to flee Tbilisi causing traffic jams and queues at petrol stations... sabotage on strategic facilities is not ruled out."
A caption was running bellow the screen, saying: "Mobilization of the occupying forces; Akhalgori-based military unit on combat readiness."
Then a new story line came into the fake report with the news bulletin anchor announcing that "nine persons wounded as a result of unrests in Tbilisi still remain in hospital" and that four people were "killed" in those unrests.
"Unrests in Tbilisi started on June 7 after unknown persons opened fire on protesters gathered in the Tbilisi center to protest against the election results," the anchor announced.
Mentioning of "June 7" was among those few vague clues which the fake report contained indicating that it was fake, but not definitely enough, as the report was developing in such a way that it was becoming more misleading and many viewers, especially those who started watching it not from its very start, thought it was all true.
Then back in studio, the news bulletin anchor announced that the opposition parties made a joint statement "declaring the authorities as illegal and announcing about establishment of so called people's government." It was again followed by a separate fake report on details of "opposition's statement" with use of archive footage from one of the meeting of opposition leaders.
Back in the studio the anchor again repeated, about seven minutes after the launch of the news bulletin, the initial announcement that Akhalgori-based Russian military forces were on high alert and their advance towards Tbilisi was not ruled out. The anchor also added that "the Georgian troops are mobilized at the administrative border close to Akhalgori and in Ergneti village."
Then the anchor made an introduction to a new story line to the fake report, involving "life attempt" on leader of breakaway South Ossetia Eduard Kokoity. The anchor announced that Nino Burjanadze, leader of Democratic Movement-United Georgia party and ex-PM Zurab Nogaideli, leader of Movement for Fair Georgia, "arrived in Tskhinvali" and "along with the Russian authorities, they also blamed the Georgian authorities for organizing attack on Kokoity." The announcement was followed with a report with archive footage of Tskhinvali and a journalist voiceover telling a fake story about the details of "attack on Kokoity."
After that the anchor in the studio announced that the Russian President Dmitry Medvedev summoned a national security council. A video footage of Medvedev followed accompanied with a voiceover Georgian translation as if Medvedev was saying that he was ordering his government "to neutralize threat coming from Saakashvili."
The fake story then continued from studio again with anchor announcing citing "information provided by the people's government that three battalions of the Georgian armed forces refused to support Saakashvili government and that they go under the subordination of the people's government."
The White House was also included in the fake report with the anchor announcing that President Obama "is just making a statement; here is a live footage" from Washington - again an archive footage was showed, although with caption "live" showing President Obama with Vice President Biden standing next to him; a voiceover Georgian translation gave a false quote of the U.S. President as if saying that he calls Russia "to stop military campaign" against Georgia. After that anchor also announced that Secretary of State Clinton was "on her way to Moscow."
The anchor then announced that "few minutes ago Russia conducted air strikes on Tbilisi airport... on Senaki and Gori military bases."
It was followed by "a sensational information", as the anchor put it, about "assassination of President Saakashvili." "We are not yet able to confirm this report disseminated by Nogaideli's party," the anchor said; he then added that the President's administration released a statement saying "Saakashvili is in a safe location".
The fake report was then followed by announcement that "clashes are taking place in Mtskheta", just outside Tbilisi.
After the end of this 30-minute fake story, the Special Report program continued from its studio.
"For those who have just joined us, I want to say that these were not real chronicles of today; these were possible events that may take place in early June... Kronika has offered you to imagine what should not happen," anchor of Special Report, Natia Koberidze, said.
Then the program continued in studio with large group of invited guest discussing Russia-Georgia relations and potential security threats. Only few participants of the program spoke out against the fact that the Imedi TV did not run a caption saying that the report was fake.
In the course of the program the anchor had to repeat for several times that it was "a simulation", as many viewers were phoning to the television station complaining that the TV report caused panic.
Growing protest against the fake report and signs of panic it has caused, prompted the President's administration to intervene.
About an hour after the fake report was over, Manan Manjgaladze, President Saakashvili's spokesperson, arrived in studio of the Special Report program and requested to make a statement. She said that she was instructed by President Saakashvili to come and express on his behalf "concern and alarm" about this fake report.
"There should have been a caption on the screen showing that it was simulation," she said.
Manjgaladze, herself a former anchor of Imedi TV news bulletin, said she believes the television station should apologize.
"Theoretically such things, which were shown today might be possible, but there is no real threat of that," she said.
After the program was over, the Imedi TV continuously was running a caption below the screen apologizing for the fake report.
"It aimed at obstructing Russia's aggressive plans," the caption reads.
The program was not yet over as several Facebook campaign groups emerged condemning Imedi TV. In few hours one such group attracted over 2,000 supporters and another one over 2,800.
Dozens of angry people, including some opposition politicians gathered at a spontaneous rally outside the Imedi television station. Some protesters were lashing out at some of the program guests, criticizing them for not speaking out against the fake report while participating in the discussion in studio after the report was aired.

Panik nach gefälschtem Kriegsbericht in Georgien - 13.03.2010, Zeit
... Ein Bericht über einen angeblichen neuen Einmarsch russischer Truppen in der Südkaukasusrepublik ... hat am Abend viele Georgier in Angst und Schrecken versetzt. ... Imedi erklärte erst am Ende der Sendung, dass es keinen neuen Krieg gebe. Es sei nur eine mögliche Entwicklung gezeigt worden, hieß es.

Georgien bietet Sträflingen Wechsel vom Knast ins Kloster an - 12.03.10, Bild
In Georgien sollen Häftlinge die Möglichkeit erhalten, ihre Strafe im Kloster statt im Gefängnis abzusitzen. Wie das für den Strafvollzug zuständige Ministerium am Freitag mitteilte, soll ein aus Vertretern des Ministeriums, der Generalstaatsanwaltschaft und des Patriarchats der georgischen orthodoxen Kirche bestehendes Komitee mögliche Kandidaten für das Projekt auswählen. ...

EU schafft gemeinsamen Luftraum mit Georgien - 11.03.2010, Verkehrsrundschau
Brüssel. Die Europäischen Union und Georgien haben ein Luftverkehrsabkommen unterzeichnet, das die Schaffung eines gemeinsamen Luftraums zwischen den Vertragspartnern innerhalb der nächsten zwei Jahre vorsieht. Bisher geltende Beschränkungen sollen wegfallen und in Georgien die gleichen Rechtsvorschriften im Luftverkehr gelten wie in der EU. So sollen zum Beispiel Flüge von und zu allen Flugplätzen in der EU erlaubt und die Zahl der Flüge nicht mehr begrenzt werden.
Das Abkommen gilt sowohl für Personen- als auch Frachtflüge. Beide haben in den vergangenen Jahren stark zugenommen. Der Luftgüterverkehr zwischen der EU und Georgien stieg dabei laut Eurostat-Angaben von 2524 Tonnen in 2004 auf 6424 Tonnen in 2008. Zwischen Deutschland und der ehemaligen Sowjetrepublik explodierte er geradezu von 204 auf 2581 Tonnen im gleichen Zeitraum.
Das jetzt beschlossene Abkommen muss noch von beiden Seiten ratifiziert werden. Es ist Teil der EU-Strategie, bilaterale Luftfahrtabkommen zwischen EU-Mitgliedsstaaten und im Umfeld der EU liegenden Ländern in Gemeinschaftsabkommen umzuwandeln. Ähnliche Abkommen wurden bereits mit Marokko und den Ländern des westlichen Balkans geschlossen. Mit der Ukraine, Jordanien, Israel, Libanon, Tunesien und Algerien verhandelt die EU zurzeit. (kw)

Peter Semneby, EU-Sonderbeauftragter für den Südkaukasus, besucht Sokhumi - 11.03.2010, Civil Georgia
Dieser Besuch knüpft an die Empfehlung des ICG-Berichts an, die Kontakte zu Vertretern und Gruppen im abtrünnigen Abchasien weiterzuführen oder zu erneuern, ohne "rote Linien zur Statusfrage zu überqueren", vielmehr um die Konfliktlösung zu voranzubringen.
EU’s Special Representative for South Caucasus, Peter Semneby, is expected to arrive in breakaway Abkhazia on Thursday evening.
Meetings with Abkhaz leader Sergey Bagapsh; parliamentary speaker Nugzar Ashuba and the breakaway region’s PM Sergey Shamba are planned on March 12.
According to a recent report on Abkhazia by Brussels-based think tank, International Crisis Group (ICG), in December, 2009 EU’s Political and Security Committee agreed a "non-paper on the parameters for EU’s non-recognition and engagement policy for Abkhazia and South Ossetia" aimed at carving out political and legal space within which the EU can interact with the breakaway regions “without crossing status red lines, thus emphasising a strategic interest to engage so as to increase its leverage to move conflict resolution forward.”
According to the same report European Commission officials who visited Abkhazia in January, 2010 “felt their [Abkhaz] interlocutors were keen to continue and deepen cooperation that can promote development, such as with small- and medium-sized enterprises.”
But citing a position of unnamed “prominent” Abkhaz opposition figure, the report also says that not all Abkhazians share the Abkhaz government’s “generally positive view” towards EU member states, largely because they are seen as “pro-Georgian”.
In its report the International Crisis Group recommended EU to “continue or renew contacts with authorities and civil society groups in Abkhazia – including by traveling there – without implying legitimisation or recognition of Abkhazia as an independent state or otherwise undermining Georgian sovereignty.”

Russian rock singer criticises Russian politicians - 10.03.2010, Rustavi 2
A popular Russian rock band DDT has publicly expressed its protest against the Kremlin`s policy. At the show dedicated to the Women`s International Day on March 8, the singer of the band Yuri Shevchuk called the Russia`s top politicians `rascals` and criticised them not only for incorrect policy but for humiliating and perverting Russian society.
Thousand of fans gathered in the Olimpiisky concert hall applauded to the singer.

Holbrooke: Georgische Truppenentsendung nach Afghanistan ist ‘von außerordentlicher Bedeutung’ - 03.03.2010, Civil Georgia
Richard Holbrooke ist der US-Sonderbeauftragte für Afghanistan und Pakistan und besucht gerade Georgien.
Georgien stellt mit 950 Mann die größte Beteiligung umgerechnet auf die Bevölkerung. Er sagte auch beim Besuch eines Ausbildungsbatallions außerhalb Tbilisis: "Die US-Marines, welche die Ausbildung betreuten, hätten ihm gesagt, dass diese zu den besten Streitkräften gehörten, die sie je gesehen hätten."
...
Georgia’s contribution to the Afghan operation is “extremely important”, which has “gotten far too little attention,” U.S. Special Representative for Afghanistan and Pakistan, Richard Holbrooke, said on March 2.
At a briefing in Washington on his recent trip to Afghanistan, Pakistan, Central Asia, Georgia and Germany, Holbrooke said that he visited Georgia on February 21-22 to only discuss Georgia’s plan to send additional troops to Afghanistan.
“We did not discuss U.S-Russian relations. We did not discuss issues involving their future relationships with NATO. This was an Afghanistan-related trip,” he said.
Georgia, which already has 175 soldiers in Afghanistan serving under the French command, will send in April an infantry battalion without national caveats, who will be deployed alongside with the U.S. Marines in the province of Helmand.
After sending the battalion number of Georgian troops in Afghanistan will increase up to 950, making Georgia the largest per capita contributor to the Afghan operation.
Holbrooke, who during the visit observed training of the Georgian battalion outside Tbilisi, said: “The U.S. Marines, who are advising the training… said these are among the best troops that they’ve ever seen.”
He said that many of those Georgian soldiers, who will be deployed in Afghanistan, were part of Georgia’s 2,000-strong troops serving in Iraq. Georgia withdrew its troops from Iraq during the war with Russia in August, 2008.
“They have a tremendous fighting tradition,” Holbrooke said. “President Saakashvili and I had discussed this [deployment] a year ago and started the process which has led to the deployment… I want to express with great strength on behalf of the entire U.S. Government how much the United States Government appreciates the Georgian contribution.”
Holbrooke also said that his trip to Georgia “came by coincidence on the same day that the government in the Netherlands fell.” The Dutch coalition government collapsed on February 20 when the two largest parties failed to agree on whether to extend or not presence of the Dutch troops in Afghanistan beyond its original deadline of August, 2010.

Professor of international law analyses Tagliavini war report - 02.03.10, Rustavi 2
02.03.10 17:05 The report by the Heidi Tagliavini Commission on Georgia-Russia War 2008, confirms that Russia carried out open aggression against Georgia - Levan Aleksidze, professor of international law announced today. The professor studied the report by international commission in details and made an analytical report at the open session of the academic and advisory councils of the Tbilisi Ivane Javakhishvili State University.
Professor Aleksidze defines that the facts depicted in the report gives Georgia evidences that the aggressor side was Russia.
Professor says he has remarks to those members of the European commission, who sympathize Russia in this conflict.

Russia avowed mistake by opening Upper Lars checkpoint: Saakashvili - 02.03.2010, news.am
... “Checkpoint opening means that Russia opens borders. This signifies that Georgia will have legitimate checkpoint on one of Russian border portions. Thus, Russia accepted demise of imposed embargo,” she noted referring to president’s words. ...

US-finanzierte neue Radarstation in Gonia eröffnet, um die Möglichkeiten der Küstenüberwachung zu verbessern - 02.03.2010, Civil Georgia
A new radar station to enhance Georgian coast guard's capability to control seacoast and prevent smuggling was opened in Gonia, Adjara autonomous republic on March 1.
The USD 502,000 radar station is the last of four radars funded by the United States. The other three radars on the Black Sea coast, also funded by the U.S., are in Anaklia, close to the Abkhaz administrative border; Supsa in Guria region and Chakvi in Adjara.
"These radar stations are important for the overall security of Georgia," the U.S. embassy in Tbilisi said.
The radar stations were built under the supervision and oversight of the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers and funded in frames of the Georgia Border Security and Law Enforcement program, through which in last ten years the U.S. donated the Georgian law enforcement agencies goods and services worth of USD 150 million, according to the U.S. embassy.
Georgia's border crossing infrastructure with Russia in Kazbegi district, which reopened on March 1, was modernized last year in frames of this U.S. assistance program.

ICG International Crisis Group (ICG) legt Bericht zu Abchasien mir dem Titel “Abkhazia: Deepening Dependence” vor - 27.02.2010, Civil Georgia
A year and a half after recognition of Abkhazia by Moscow, the region “is undoubtedly more dependent than ever on Moscow,” a Brussels-based think tank, International Crisis Group (ICG), said in its report released on February 26.
The report reviews key developments in Abkhazia after its recognition by Russia and analyses the economic, political situation in the region, as well as its external relations, issues related to media, population and Russia’s military build up following the August war.
Officials in Sokhumi do not see their increasing dependence on Russia as a threat, according to the report titled “Abkhazia: Deepening Dependence”.
Citing unnamed high-ranking Abkhaz official, the report says that Sokhumi considers security and economy as two major concerns. “Our relationship with Russia meets our needs in both areas. We have the amount of independence that we require,” the official was quoted.
Although Russian officials have given various figures, from 1,700 to 3,700, for their troop numbers in Abkhazia, the report says that according to western military analysts with access to satellite imagery, estimated number of Russian troops is from 4,000 to 5,000, including coast guard units, border guard forces of Federal Security Service (FSB) and regular troops. ICG said it had obtained these figures from western military officials and western European intelligence sources in September, 2009 and in January, 2010, respectively.
The Bombora airbase near the town of Gudauta, which is the largest military airfield in South Caucasus, is central to Moscow’s plans for its long-term military presence, according to the report. The airbase is important because of its location along the Black Sea and lengthy runway that can handle heavy payload military cargo craft.
The breakaway region’s budget was 60% directly supported by Russia in 2009 and in 2010, although the monetary figure of Russia’s support to Abkhazia’s budget will remain the same, there will be fall in percentage terms to 49% - 1.9 billion rubles (USD 63 million) out of a total budget of 3.875 billion rubles (USD 128.5 million).
“It remains uncertain, given their military and economic dependence on Moscow, how much room for independent manoeuvre the de facto authorities in Sukhumi have to deal with Georgia,” the report says.
ICG recommends the Georgian authorities to show constructiveness and not to try to isolate Abkhazia, “even though Moscow’s flouting of the ceasefire agreements makes this a bitter pill to swallow.” The report notes that the Georgian government’s new strategy towards its breakaway regions “partly reflects new thinking.” Sokhumi has strongly rejected the strategy.
ICG called on Sokhumi to reconsider its outright rejection of the document as “Abkhazians could clearly benefit from some of the economic and trade proposals [of the document], which could lead in turn to further development and an end to isolation.”
“But at the same time, Tbilisi should focus on taking practical steps to make these projects possible without linking them to status,” the report reads.
The report also warns that with the conflict remaining unresolved it may “again destabilise the southern Caucasus.”

Präsident Saakashvili hält Regierungserklärungsrede vor dem Parlament - 26.02.2010, Civil Georgia

Präsident Saakashvili spricht über ‘Kollaborateure’ beim 89. Jahrestag der Invasion der roten Armee - 25.02.2010, Civil Georgia
... "Ich bedauere diese Personen. Was kann man Unwürdigeres tun, als vor seinem Feind niederzuknieen und die Füße des Feindes zu küssen? Was kann Unwürdiger sein als das?" Obwohl er niemanden direkt beim Namen nannte, spielte er offensichtlich auf Ex-Premierminister Nogaideli an, den Parteichef der "Movement for Fair Georgia". ...
President Saakashvili said on February 25 that Georgia “will never kneel down” before its enemy and what happened 89 years ago, when Bolshevik Red Army occupied Georgia, will not be repeated.
February 25 marks 89th anniversary of occupation of Tbilisi by the Red Army, putting an end to Georgia’s three-year independence in 1921.
Speaking to journalists late on February 25 after a ceremony commemorating Georgian soldiers fallen in a battle with the Red Army in Kojori, outside Tbilisi, President Saakashvili spoke of “collaborationists”, who “kneel down before the enemy”.
“I pity these people,” he said. “What one can do more undignified than to kneel down before your enemy and kiss your enemies’ feet? What can be more indignity than that?” he said.
Although not naming directly anyone, he was apparently alluding to ex-PM Zurab Nogaideli, leader of Movement for Fair Georgia. Saakashvili made frequent allusions of this type in his recent speeches.   
“The best parts of our country are occupied and 500,000 people expelled from their homes. Cooperation with the occupying force was shameful in occupied France and occupied Europe. Those cooperating with occupants can not have any dignity,” he said.
“Georgia is a free country and enemies of freedom will not be able to take Georgia back in past,” he said, adding that a small group of “collaborationists will never darken free Georgia.”
He also said that throughout its history “Georgia outlived most of its invaders”.
“We have endured Shah Abbas [Abbas I, the Shah of Persia notorious in Georgia for his invasion of Georgia's eastern region of Kakheti in the early 17th century] and we will endure Putin too,” Saakashvili said.

13 Parteien und die öffentliche Rundfunkanstalt GPB stimmen dem Format und der Programmgestaltung des neuen politischen Fernsehsenders zu - 22.02.2010, Civil Georgia    >>Extra-Seite - Neuer politischer Fernsehsender
Thirteen political parties and the Georgian Public Broadcaster (GPB) agreed on February 22 on the format and the programming of the new political channel, which will become available on GPB’s Second Channel.
The channel, which is expected to go on satellite to cover entire country, along with Parliament’s plenary sittings will also provide live coverage of committee sessions; as well as “daily, non edited and live coverage of the opposition parties.”
“The parties will be provided with one hour coverage, which they shall sequentially rotate among themselves. The program will be broadcasted during primetime (22:00-23:00),” according to a memorandum signed on February 22.
According to the memorandum, which was drafted as a result of series of consultations, facilitated by the U.S. National Democratic Institute (NDI), the channel will also organize debates at least once in a week on the draft laws being discussed in the Parliament. During non-session period it will air debates on various political issues. The memorandum is in force until next parliamentary elections in 2012.
Full service provided by the channel will only be available to political parties, which have signed the memorandum: Christian-Democratic Movement; National-Democratic Party; On Our Own; Democratic Party of Georgia (all four are part of parliamentary minority group); the ruling National Movement party; the Georgian Troupe (led by MP Jondi Bagaturia); Party of Freedom (led by MP Konstantine Gamsakhurdia); Conservative Party (led by Zviad Dzidziguri); Party of People (led by Koba Davitashvili); Movement for Fair Georgia (led by ex-PM Zurab Nogaideli); Traditionalists (led by Akaki Asatiani); Our Georgia-Freed Democrats (Irakli Alasania) and public movement Defend Georgia (led by Levan Gachechiladze).
The memorandum, however, envisages that GPB’s Second Channel will provide airing “unedited, full versions of press-conferences and briefing” of those parties, which refused to sign the memorandum but fall under the criteria defined by the document. Ex-parliamentary speaker Nino Burjanadze’s Democratic Movement-United Georgia; as well as National Forum, Labor Party and Georgia’s Way, New Rights Party and Republican Party fall under this category.
Republican Party leader, Davit Usupashvili, said his party refused to join the memorandum because it would not change situation on in broadcast media. He said his party was instead offering to establish an inter-party group, which would work on elaborating measure on how to tackle political pressure on national broadcast media.

Georgian President visits IDPs in Samegrelo Region - 21.02.10, Rustavi 2
Georgian President visited internally displaced people living in the so-called Tea Factory Settlement in the village of Tcheoba, Samegrelo Region on Sunday. Mikheil Saakashvili viewed the apartments, which have been refurbished there.
The president also visited one of the local families. Mikheil Saakashvili said, he will take under his personal control the process of providing the IDPs` houses with water and gas supplies. The president talked to the local population about their problems.

Sprecher von Präsident Saakashvili: Bemerkungen der russischen Führer über Präsident Saakashvili werden "langweilig" - 18.02.2010, Civil Georgia
Statements like the one made by Russian President, Dmitry Medvedev, saying that President Saakashvili was “persona non grata” for Russia, are becoming “boring,” the Georgian president’s spokesperson, said on February 17.
Medvedev reiterated on February 17 at a joint news conference with Abkhaz leader, Sergey Bagapsh, in Moscow that he would have no ties with the Georgian President.
“As usually, monotonous statements are heard from Russia, which is becoming tiresome and boring. And it is also boring to make same comments on the same statements all the time. Russian leaders, however, do not seem to be tired of making such statements,” Manana Manjgaladze, Georgian president’s spokesperson, said.
She said that this kind of statements was made by a leader of the country, which “committed ethnic cleansing and expelled 500,000 people from their homes… and building illegal military bases on the territory of other country.”

NODAR KUMARITISCHWILI VERUNGLÜCKT IN WHISTLER / VANCOUVER
>>Extra-Seite - Nodar Kumaritaschwili - viele Nachrichten und Informationen
Abschied von Rodler Kumaritaschwili in Georgien - 20.12.2010, SZ
... An der Beisetzung in dem Wintersportort Bakuriani, etwa 170 Kilometer westlich von Tiflis entfernt, nahm auch Georgiens Präsident Michail Saakschwili teil. Er trug eine Jacke des georgischen Olympia-Teams. ... Der Präsident des Nationalen Olympischen Komitees Georgiens, Gia Nazwlischwili, warf den Organisatoren in Vancouver am Rande der Trauerfeier erneut vor, Sicherheitsvorkehrungen an der Rennrodelbahn vernachlässigt zu haben. Die mangelnde Sicherheit sei offensichtlich gewesen, sagte Nazwlischwili.
2000 Georgier geben Kumaritaschwili letztes Geleit - 20.12.2010, Focus
... In tiefer Trauer haben Tausende Menschen auf dem Friedhof der georgischen Kleinstadt Bakuriani Abschied vom tödlich verunglückten Rodler Nodar Kumaritaschwili genommen. Im Beisein des Staatspräsidenten Michail Saakaschwili folgten etwa 2000 Personen dem offenen Sarg mit dem Leichnam des Athleten durch die Straßen von dessen Geburtsstadt. ...
Staatsbegräbnis für toten Rodler - 20.12.2010, Berliner Zeitung
... Herzzerreißende Szenen auf dem kleinen Friedhof in der georgischen Stadt Bakuriani. David Kumaritaschwili, Vater des tödlich verunglückten georgischen Rodlers Nodar Kumaritaschwili (†21), sprach seine Worte während der Trauerfeier mit leiser Stimme. ...
Nodar Kumaritashvili in Bakuriani beerdigt - 20.02.2010, Civil Georgia
Throngs of mourners turned out on Saturday for a funeral of 21-year-old Georgian luger, Nodar Kumaritashvili, who died in a crash during practice run hours before the Vancouver Olympics on February 12. ...
olympischen Winterspiele - 13.02.2010, Civil Georgia
Während der letzten Trainigsfahrt fuhr Nodar Kumaritashvili mit fast 150 km/h nahe dem Ende der Rennstrecke, als der die Spur verließ und gegen einen Stützpfeiler prallte.
Tödlicher Unfall überschattet Olympia-Eröffnung - 13.02.2010, Zeit
Im Zeichen der Trauer um den tödlich verunglückten georgischen Rodler Nodar Kumaritaschwili haben am Freitag die Olympischen Winterspiele begonnen. ... Die Eröffnungszeremonie vor 55 000 Zuschauern im BC Place Stadium ... war von den Organisatoren dem wenige Stunden zuvor gestorbenen Rodler gewidmet worden. «In größter und tiefster Traurigkeit nehmen wir zur Kenntnis, dass Nodar Kumaritaschwili heute beim Training in Whistler ums Leben gekommen ist. Unser Mitleid gilt seiner Familie, seinen Freunden und Landsleuten», versicherte Jacques Rogge, der Präsident des Internationalen Olympischen Komitees (IOC). Die kanadische und die georgische Fahne sanken auf halbmast. «Tragt seinen olympischen Traum auf euren Schultern und kämpft mit seinem Geist in euren Herzen», sagte John Furlong, der Präsident des Organisationskomitees VANOC, an die Athleten gewandt. «Unsere Welt braucht heute Frieden, Toleranz und Brüderlichkeit. ...

Georgien’s Außenhandel 2009 fiel um 29% gegenüber dem Vorjahr - 14.02.2010, Civil Georgia
Export: 5.513 Mrd. USD, Handelsbilanzdefizit 3.243 Mrd. USD, wichtigste Partner: Türkei 1 Mrd., Aserbaidschan 544.4 Mio. USD, Ukraine 502.3 Mio. USD, Deutschland 324.4 Mio. USD, Russland 310.2 Mio. USD
Georgia’s foreign trade turnover in 2009 dropped 29.3% from a year earlier to USD 5.513 billion, according to the Georgian statistics office, Geostat.
The value of export was USD 1.135 billion, down by 24.1% and import was USD 4.378 billion, down by 30.6% from a year earlier. Trade deficit declined by 32.5% to USD 3.243 billion, against USD 4.56 billion in 2008.
Turkey remains the Georgia’s major trading partner with the trading volume slightly over USD 1 billion, which is 15.7% less than in 2008.
Although trade turnover with Azerbaijan declined to USD 544.4 million, against USD 813,2 million in 2008, it still remains Georgia’s second largest trading partner.
Ukraine comes third with USD 502.3 million, down from USD 791,8 million in 2008; followed by Germany – USD 324.4 million; Russia – USD 310.2 million; the United States – 263.6 million; Bulgaria – USD 235.1 million; China – USD 180.6 million; Italy – USD 150.9 million; Canada – USD 131.3 million.
Ferro-alloys remained the number one Georgian export, amounting USD 130 million; followed by semi-manufactured and unwrought gold – USD 116.1 million.
Oil products and hydrocarbons top the list of imports totaling USD 707.2 million; followed by vehicles – USD 254.7 million and medicines – USD 175.1 million.

Parliamentsvorsitzender Davit Bakradze in der Türkei: Tbilisi möchte, dass Ankara sich in der Strategie der georgischen Regierung gegenüber den abtrünnigen Regionen engagiert - 11.02.2010, Civil Georgia
Cooperation between Georgia and Turkey, which is “a guarantee of stability” in the region, should be “an example” for other countries, Davit Bakradze, Georgian parliamentary speaker, said during his visit to Turkey.
Parliamentary delegation, led by Bakradze, which visits Ankara on February 9-12, held talks with Turkish Parliamentary Speaker Mehmet Ali Şahin and the President of Parliamentary Assembly of Council of Europe and founding member of Turkey’s ruling Justice and Development Party, Mevlüt Çavusoglu, as well as Deputy Prime Minister Bülent Arınç.
Bakradze proposed Turkey to engage in implementation of Georgian government’s strategy towards breakaway regions, Georgian Parliament’s press office reported.
The document, which was endorsed by the government in late January, offers launch of a dialogue with Abkhaz diaspora in Turkey - ancestors of those tens of thousands of Muslim Abkhazians, who had to move to the then Ottoman empire, as part of a larger Muslim migration process from the Caucasus in the nineteenth century.
Temur Iakobashvili, the Georgian state minister for reintegration, said while discussing draft of the strategy with lawmakers in December, that the Abkhaz community in Turkey was mainly “negatively disposed towards Georgia.” “We will have to work seriously in this regard,” he said.
The issue of five Turkish vessels detained by the Georgian coast guard was raised by the Turkish side, according to Georgian Parliament’s press office. Davit Bakradze said that the vessels were detained because of illegally entering into the Georgian territorial waters, including its Abkhaz section. He also said that a joint Georgian-Turkish commission was established to resolve the issue through taking into consideration interests of the both sides.

134 Georgier reichen Klagen am europäischen Gerichtshof für Menschenrechte ein; sie klagen gegen Russland wegen der Verletzung etlicher europäischer Menschenrechte wahrend des Krieges im August 2008 - 09.02.2010, Civil Georgia      >>Vorgeschichte
134 Georgian citizens lodged complaints to the Strasbourg-based European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) last week, claiming that Russia violated number of European human rights laws against them during the 2008, August war.
Tbilisi-based Georgian young Lawyers’ Association (GYLA) and its London-based partner European Human Rights Advocacy Center (EHRAC), acting on behalf of the 134 applicants, said the applications primarily concern cases of shelling and air attacks on villages; destruction of property and the killing or injuring of civilians and the deliberate burning and looting of houses.
The applications, which are in 34 groups, originate from the Georgian villages within the breakaway South Ossetia and the surrounding areas (Achabeti, Argvitsi, Atsriskhevi, Avlevi, Berula, Brotsleti, Dzartsemi, Dvani, Eredvi, Kekhvi, Kere, Kitsnisi, Ksuisi, Kurta, Satskheneti, Tkviavi, Vanati, Zardiaantkari and Zemo Khviti), as well as from the town of Gori.
“These cases raise important questions about the applicability of the ECHR to a conflict situation, and they will also test the ‘reach’ of the ECHR - the applicants are asking the Court to find Russia responsible for violations perpetrated by its armed forces outside Russian territory,” EHRAC said.
“The Court will also be asked to decide that the Russian Federation was responsible both for the actions of its armed forces and of Ossetian militia.”
The complaints have been lodged against Russia based on the principle of “effective control”, which the Russian forces have been exerting on the territories concerned, Natia Katsitadze, a lawyer with GYLA, told Civil.Ge
Last January, ECHR said it had examined seven applications lodged against Georgia in connection with the August war and the Chamber decided to give priority to these applications.
These applications were lodged by six residents of South Ossetia and a member of the Russian armed forces attached to the peacekeeping troops in Tskhinvali, according to ECHR.
In these cases the applicants claim violation of their or their close relatives’ right to life, inhuman or degrading treatment, interference with the right to respect for private and family life and home, damage to property or its destruction, absence of an effective domestic remedy and discrimination on the ground of ethnic origin.
früher:
ECHR to Hear Georgia vs. Russia Case

Außenminister Grigol Vashadze und Irakli Alasania auf Sicherheitskonferenz in München - 08.02.2010, Civil Georgia
On a sideline of a high-profile Munich Security Conference on February 5-7, Georgian Foreign Minister, Grigol Vashadze, held bilateral meetings with his counterparts from Germany, Latvia and Estonia, the Georgian Foreign Ministry said. ... From Georgia the conference was also attended by Irakli Alasania, leader of opposition Alliance for Georgia.
His press office said that on the sideline of the conference, Alasania had an opportunity to talk with German Defense Minister; Foreign Ministers of Sweden, Estonia and Azerbaijan, as well as with Russian Foreign Minister, Sergey Lavrov.
Alasania also talked with Philip Gordon, the U.S. assistant secretary of state for European and Eurasian affairs; James Jones, the U.S. national security advisor, as well as Senators Joseph Lieberman and John McCain.
“Georgia’s security issues and democratic processes in Georgia were discussed during these meetings,” according to Alasania’s press office.

Rugby:  Georgien : Deutschland am 06.02.2010 in Tbilisi: 77:3 !!!
Das Spiel endete mit 77:3 (42:3) für den Gastgeber Georgien; armes Deutschland! Die Georgier legten elf Versuche, die allesamt erhöht wurden!
DRV XV - Rugby: Georgien : Deutschland - Sparring auf höchstem internationalem Niveau - 05.02.2010, totalrugby.de
Die Deutsche Mannschaft erwartet ein ganz heißer Tanz beim Gastspiel in Georgien. Das Team von Rudolf Finsterer und Bruno Stolorz hat im Vorfeld unzählige Ausfälle zu verkraften, ...  Der Gegner der deutschen Mannschaft ist amtierender Meister der Division 1 sowie aktueller Tabellenführer der Gruppe und wird vom IRB aktuell auf Platz 18 der offiziellen Weltrangliste geführt. Die Lelos, so der Spitzname der georgischen Auswahl – dieser kommt von lelo, einer einheimischen georgischen Sportart mit starker Ähnlichkeit zum Rugby. Lelo ist aber auch das georgische Wort für einen Versuch – rekrutieren sich vornehmlich aus Spielern die ihre Brötchen als Profis in den französischen Profi-Ligen verdienen. Im Gegensatz zur deutschen Liga, wurde in Frankreich durchgehend gespielt, weshalb die Georgen, welche sich seit vergangenem Wochenende in Tiflis zur gemeinsamen Vorbereitung befinden, über ausreichend Spielpraxis verfügen. Im 26-Mann starken Kader fehlen, mit Nummer 8 Mamuka Gorgodze (Montpellier), den Props Davit Kubriashvili (Toulon) und Goderzi Shvelidze (Montauban) sowie zweite Reihe Mann Kakha Uchava (Russland), vier wichtige Spieler, doch der Kader der Transkaukasier, hat genug Tiefe um dies zu kompensiern. Da wäre zum Beispiel die Weltklasse erste Reihe um Davit Khinchagishvili (Brive), Akvsenti Giorgadze (Castres) und Davit Zirakashvili (Clermont), die Dritte Reihe Stürmer George Chkhaidze (Montpellier) und Gregori Labadze (Marseilles-Vitrolles) und die beiden brandgefährlichen Spielmachern Merab Kvirikashvili (Massy) und Lasha Malaguradze (Beziers), um nur einige Akteuere von höchster europäischer Güteklasse zu nennen. ...
An der Seitenlinie der Georgen steht mit Tim Lane ein wahrer Rugbyprofessor. Der 51-jährige Australier war von 1997-1999 verantwortlicher Hintermannschaftstrainer der australischen Wallabies, in dieser Zeit konnten die Mannen aus Down Under den Bledisloe Cup, das Tri Nations und die Weltmeisterschaft in Wales gewinnen, später betreute er hauptverantwortlich das französische Spitzenteam Clermont Auvergne (damals Clermont Ferrand), gehörte zum Set-Up der Springboks und führte Toulon 2007 als Trainer zurück in die französische Eliteklasse. ...
Man nimmt dabei in Kauf, dass man mit dieser Ausrichtung gegen die körperlich überlegenen Osteuropäer, vermutlich nicht wird auftrumpfen können, doch gegen die wendigen Iberer, rechnet man sich auf den zu erwartenden schweren Böden in Heusenstamm und Heidelberg durchaus etwas aus, weswegen die Auftaktspiele gegen Georgien und Rumänien durchaus als vorbereitendes Sparring auf höchstem internationalen Niveau aufgefasst werden dürften.
Austragungsort: Nationalstadion Tiflis, Kapazität 55.000, Wetter: ca. -1 Grad
Ankickzeit: 14:00 Uhr Ortszeit (11:00 Uhr deutsche Zeit)
TotalRugby LiveTicker: Samstag, 6. Februar ab 10:45 Uhr (deutsche Zeit) live aus Tiflis

Eutelsat stoppte die Ausstrahlung des neuen "First Caucasian Channel" nach der zweiwöchigen Testphase ohne Vorlage eines neuen Vertrages - 30.01.2010, Civil Georgia
Der Vorsitzende des georgischen öffentlichen Rundfunks Gia Chanturia versucht in Paris Eutelsat davon zu überzeugen, dass die Austrahlung des First Caucasian Channel fortgesetzt wird. Le Figaro vermutet in einem Artikel, dass Russland hinter der Entscheidung von Eutelsat sein könnte.
Head of the Georgian Public Broadcaster, Gia Chanturia, is in Paris trying to convince Europe’s leading satellite operator, Eutelsat, to continue hosting Georgia’s Russian-language First Caucasian Channel.
The First Caucasian Channel was launched early this month, initially on internet and it became available on satellite since January 15.
For less than two weeks the channel was hosted on Eutelsat’s new W7 satellite operating at the 36 degrees East - a key location for broadcasting in Russia and other CIS states, as well as in Europe and Africa. The Georgian Public Broadcaster’s First Channel, as well as many of Russian TV channels, is also available on the same location.
Eutelsat took the First Caucasian Channel off the satellite, citing the end of testing period, without yet signing a new contract with the Georgian Public Broadcaster.
Le Figaro newspaper ran an article on the matter on January 27, suggesting that Russia could be behind Eutelsat’s decision to take the First Caucasian off its satellite without prolonging a contract with the Georgian Public Broadcaster. The newspaper quoted unnamed Tbilisi-based diplomat saying that Eutelsat “is under strong pressure” from Russia not to strike the contract with the Georgian Public Broadcaster.
Russian officials have publicly condemned the First Caucasian Channel as Georgia’s “anti-Russian propaganda” and an attempt “to plant ideology of extremism” in North Caucasus.
Gia Chanturia, general director of the Georgian Public Broadcaster, told RFE/RL’s Russian-language Ekho Kavkaza on January 29, that “situation is strange.”
He said that after the testing period, the contract was due to go into force from January 31. ““But suddenly problems have emerged and we are now trying to settle them,” Chanturia said.
He also said that the operator company initially complained about the content of the channel, but latter cited technical problems behind the suspension of the First Caucasian’s satellite broadcasting.

Georgien's Souveränitat und territoriale Integrität in Clinton’s Rede über europäische Sicherheit in Paris unter den "Kernprinzien" angeführt - 30.01.2010, Civil Georgia
U.S. Secretary of State, Hillary Clinton, reiterated Washington’s opposition to recognition of Georgia’s two breakaway regions in her speech at a conference in Paris, when she was speaking about “core principles” of security in Europe. ... “The United States has demonstrated our adherence to this principle in recent years with our support for new European democracies seeking to chart their own political futures, free from external intimidation or aggression,” she said. “We have repeatedly called on Russia to honor the terms of its ceasefire agreement with Georgia, and we refuse to recognize Russia’s claims of independence for Abkhazia and South Ossetia. More broadly, we object to any spheres of influence claimed in Europe in which one country seeks to control another’s future.” ... "We are committed to exploring ways that NATO and Russia can improve their partnership by better reassuring each other about respective actions and intentions," Clinton said. “I don’t need to state, but I will, that the United States and Russia will not always agree. We have different histories, different experiences and perspectives. Our interests will not always overlap. But when we disagree, we will seek constructive ways to manage our differences,” she added. ...
The Secretary of State's Speech on European Security - 29.01.2010, Office of the Spokesman, Washington, DC
In a speech today at L’Ecole Militaire in Paris, Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton emphasized that the United States and Europe are essential partners in meeting today’s global challenges, and stressed that we are eager to strengthen cooperation with a Europe that is strong and unified. Today, thanks to the partnership between our nation and many others, Europe is more secure than ever before. But much important work remains unfinished. We welcome the new thinking on European security that is underway on both sides of the Atlantic. As we work with our partners to strengthen and extend security in Europe, we will do so on a firm foundation of core principles. These principles include:
    * Dedication to the Sovereignty and Territorial Integrity of all States. The United States must and will remain vigilant in our efforts to oppose any attempt to undermine the right of all countries to pursue their own foreign policies, choose their own allies, and provide for their own defense. The United States strongly objects to any spheres of influence in which one country seeks to control another’s future.
    * Recognition that Security in Europe Must be Indivisible. The security of all nations is intertwined. We must work together to enhance each other’s security, in part by engaging with each other on new ideas and approaches. We want to work together with Russia to reaffirm the principles of the Helsinki Final Act and the NATO-Russia Founding Act. The United States is proud of what our two countries have accomplished together during the past year. We will continue to build a more substantive and constructive relationship based on our mutual interests.
    * Unwavering Devotion to the Collective Defense and Security of NATO Allies. This pledge is enshrined in the NATO treaty’s Article 5, wherein an attack on one is an attack on all. The United States is working with our Allies to develop contingency plans for responding to new and evolving threats. We are engaged in productive discussions with European allies about their potential participation in the new missile defense architecture. We are also exploring ways to cooperate with Russia in ways that enhance the security of all of Europe, including Russia.
    * Commitment to Practicing Transparency in Our Dealings with Europe. To keep Europe safe, we must keep the channels of communication open by being forthright about our policies and approaches. The United States supports a more open exchange of military data, including visits to military sites. The Conventional Armed Forces in Europe Treaty also needs our attention. Our goal should be a modern security framework that strengthens the principles of territorial integrity, non-first use of force, transparency, and the right of host countries to approve the stationing of troops in their territory.
    * Belief that People Everywhere Have the Right to Live Free from the Fear of Nuclear Destruction. President Obama has declared a goal of ridding the world of nuclear weapons. As long as nuclear weapons exist, we will retain a safe, secure, and effective deterrent to protect us and our allies. The United States and Russia are close to concluding a new START treaty to reduce our strategic nuclear arsenals. The United States will also chart the future of its nuclear forces in the Nuclear Posture Review, host a Nuclear Security Summit to address the risk of unsecured nuclear material, seek to strengthen the Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty, pursue negotiations on a Fissile Material Cutoff Treaty, and move toward ratifying the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty.
    * Recognition that True Security Entails Not Only Peaceful Relations among States, but Opportunities and Rights for the Individuals Who Live Within Them. Governments must promote and defend the human rights of their citizens so that all can live in dignity, free from fear of violence or oppression. The United States and Europe are acting together to expand opportunity, advance democracy, and protect human dignity around the world. The United States seeks to partner with and strengthen institutions to broaden the respect for human rights, to end the scourge of human trafficking across Europe, and to reach out to marginalized groups.

Regierung bekräftigt Strategiepapier zu den abtrünnigen Regionen Abchasien und Südossetien - 27.01.2010, Civil Georgia
The Georgian government endorsed on January 27 a document - ”State Strategy on Occupied Territories: Engagement Through Cooperation” –  laying out Tbilisi’s vision towards two breakaway regions of Abkhazia and South Ossetia.
“The key element of the document is that we say no to any type of isolation of these regions; residents of those regions are residents of Georgia so we can not let isolation of these regions,” Temur Iakobashvili, the Georgian state minister for reintegration, said.
“We can not let the situation wherein fate of residents of these regions will depend solely on the occupying power; so we plan to take active steps to provide the local population with an opportunity to have normal education, healthcare, to engage in economic projects,” Iakobashvili, who led the drafting of the paper, added.
The document offers setting up of “a status-neutral” mechanisms to work with the breakaway regions’ authorities on implementation of the strategy.
The government has now to develop a detailed action plan of implementing the strategy – the process, which is expected to last till June 31, 2010.

Eiskunstlauf-Europameisterschaften in Tallin mit Elene Gedewanischwili -
24.01.2010, SZ
... Carolina Kostner hat bei den Eiskunstlauf-
Europameisterschaften in Tallin den letzten Titel gewonnen. ... Mit einer anmutigen Kür übertrumpfte die dreimalige Titelträgerin in der Saku Suurhall mit 173,46 Punkten die Finnin Laura Lepistö (166,37) ... Bronze ging an Elene Gedewanischwili (Georgien/164,54). ...
Biography - Elene Gedevanishvili was born on the 7th of January 1990 in Tbilisi, Georgia as the daughter of Maka Gedevanishvili and Guram Gedevanishvili. She began skating at 5 years old at the Special sports center of figure skating with her coach Tamara Anjaparidze.
When she was 10 years old the Georgian figure skating federation recommended to her parents to send the girl to Moscow for further trainings. Since 2000 year Elene trained in Moscow at the "CSKA" ice rink. In 2006 Olympic year Elene had made her debut in the most important international championships and showed amazing results. ...

Präsident Saakashvili in Tallinn: ‘Helft uns, die russische Spiegel-Propaganda zurückzuhalten’ - 21.01.2010, Civil Georgia
President Saakashvili said on January 21, that “Russian leaders are still planning to destroy us” and are still promoting “so called regime change policy in Georgia.”
Saakashvili, who is paying a working visit to Estonia, told an audience at the Foreign Policy Institute in Tallinn that Georgia needed help in spreading “the truth” in order to deter Russia’s attempts to create a pretext for repeating what it had done in August, 2008. In his introduction remarks, which were aired live by the Tbilisi-based Imedi TV, Saakashvili focused on Russia’s tactic of, as he put it, “mirror propaganda” applied against Georgia. “I was shocked how much the Russian invaders managed to shape this surrealistic perception that Georgia – the country that they invaded - was provoking the Russian leadership,” Saakashvili said. He said Russia was actively using “mirror propaganda” by blaming Georgia for committing the very crimes, which Russia itself was about to commit or had already committed. Nazis were the first ones to turn this tactic of “mirror propaganda” into “a sophisticated system,” Saakashvili said.
“They accused Jews of preparing the World War; they [Nazis] were in fact actively preparing it… They [Nazis] accused Poles of organizing provocations; they [Nazis] were organizing [provocations] at the border and so on,” Saakashvili said and added that the same approach of “mirror propaganda” was applied by Hutu extremists against the Tutsi minority in Rwanda. He said Russia was using this tactic, “transforming reality through the lens of Gazprom-paid media and sometimes [the Russian authorities] bribe public figures as well unfortunately.” “We do not ask our friends to send us troops or weapons; we are asking them to help us telling the truth to the world,” Saakashvili said. “We need you my friends to fight this mirror propaganda.” He said the fact that “the Georgian government is still in charge” sends a message throughout the region that “Russian leadership was bad enough to invade the sovereign country, but not strong enough to remove its government.”  “All over the region this message is heard and [Russia’s PM] Vladimir Putin can not stand it; so they will plan and do something again. But in order to wage the new war, they need to discredit us by the process of accusation in a mirror and we need you to oppose this strategy… The truth you might spread about our sufferings and our right cause will defend us more than tanks and bullets,” Saakashvili said. “In order to prevent another crime from happening, please help us in enlightening the world consciousness; do not allow the night to cover Georgia again,” he added. He said Russia remains “an occupying power” in Georgia and complained that “unfortunately nobody really dares to call it [occupation] loudly except some parliaments.” “What else do you call it; is it a military tourism what Russians are doing in Georgia?” Saakashvili said.  He also said in his remarks that Estonia was Georgia’s “best friend” and it was “a huge pleasure and a great relief to meet, to discuss, to debate with people who understand” Georgia’s security challenges. “The Estonian experience was and still is the ultimate model of what we try to achieve since the Rose Revolution,” Saakashvili said.

Humanitarian aid to be delivered to Haiti today - 15.01.10, Rustavi 2
The Humanitarian cargo, which Georgia sent to the earthquake-stricken Haiti, will be delivered to the place of the destination today. The aid includes 48 sorts of medications and 20 tons of humanitarian cargo. ... Along with the humanitarian cargo, twenty representatives of the Georgian security services and TV crews of Georgian channels will set off for Haiti on the special flight.

Schweizer Außenministerin Micheline Calmy-Rey besucht Georgien - 14.01.2010, Civil Georgia
... “Protection of human rights in Georgia will be at the centre of Mrs. Calmy-Rey’s visit,” CoE said in a press release.
The Georgian Foreign Ministry said that discussions “will focus on the issue of cooperation between Georgia and the Council of Europe, the situation on the occupied territory as well as the programmes carried out by the Council of Europe in Georgia.” ...


Energiekonferenz in Batumi zur Entwicklung des südlichen Energiekorridors - 14.01.2010, Civil Georgia
An international conference addressing energy security and development of Southern Energy Corridor opened in Batumi on January 14, which initially was intended to be a high-level International Energy Summit.
According to initial official announcements, including by the Georgian Foreign Ministry made earlier this week, that the summit would be attended by “almost ten heads of states”, including Presidents of Poland, Ukraine and Azerbaijan. But as it emerged early on January 14, the presidents were not able to attend for reasons that were not immediately clear. ...

The Georgian Dimension of the 2014 Sochi Winter Olympics - 13.01.20, Jamestown Foundation Blog, By Giorgi Kvelashvili
In 2014 the Russian Black Sea coastal city of Sochi, located a few kilometers north of the Russian-Georgian border across the Psou River, will host the Winter Olympic Games. The Russian leadership considers the Sochi Olympics as a manifestation of Russia’s pride and growing great power status and attaches “state significance” to the due preparation for the Olympics. ... Also, considering the poorly developed infrastructure such as railroads, paved motorways and bridges around the city of Sochi, Russia needs to either transport construction materials from distant parts of the country, which would be both costly and time-consuming, or find “more economical,” albeit illegal, ways of dealing with this arduous task. Moscow hopes that the Russian-occupied Georgian region of Abkhazia can be a “viable alternative.” Apart from outstanding political aspects, a harmful impact on Georgia’s environment, analysts believe, is yet another dimension of the Sochi Olympics. Georgia’s Abkhazia region bordering on the Sochi area is rich in mineral resources, including construction material such as sand, stone and timber and has infrastructure for transit and transportation, namely roads and railroads. Located very close to the future Olympic city, resources found in the Russian-occupied Georgian region have the potential Moscow deems essential for its construction efforts at Sochi. ... From March to May 2008 – when Russia still formally acknowledged the Abkhazia region as part of Georgia’s sovereign territory – high-ranking Russian officials had openly stated that Moscow was intending to extract from the deltas of coastal rivers of Georgia’s Abkhazia region some 120 million cubic meters of construction material such as stone and sand and export them to the Russian Federation to meet infrastructure needs of the Sochi Olympics. ...

Russian Generals, participants of August war, being dismissed - 13.01.10, Rustavi 2
Russian Generals, who participated in the August war in 2008, are being dismissed. Land Troops Commander General Vladimir Boldirev and Commander of North Caucasus military district Sergei Makarov have already been discharged. ... As reported, Anatoly Khruliov, the commander of 58th army will also be discharged within the nearest future. He was actively included in the war actions during the August war and was even wounded in Tskhinvali.

Freedom House-Bericht 2009: Georgien bleibt bei der Bewertung der politischen Rechte und Bürgerfreiheit auf dem Status "teilweise frei" - 13.01.2010, Civil Georgia
Georgia remains “partly free” and non-electoral democracy, according to an annual report by the U.S.-based rights group, Freedom House, released on January 12.
Georgia’s scores in political rights and civil liberties categories – based on which a country’s status of “free”, “partly free” or “not free” is determined – stand at 4 in the Freedom in the World 2010 survey, covering 2009 developments.
The political rights and civil liberties categories contain numerical ratings between 1 and 7 for each country or territory, with 1 representing the most free and 7 the least free. ...
Russia found among non-liberal countries - 13.01.10, Rustavi 2
Russia has been found in the list of non-liberal countries ... Improvements were seen throughout the Balkans, with Kosovo moving from Not Free to Partly Free after its recent elections and Montenegro moving up to the Free category. By contrast, virtually all of the countries in the non-Baltic former Soviet Union continued to pursue a repressive course, including Russia, Kazakhstan, and Kyrgyzstan, which was downgraded from Partly Free to Not Free.


U.S. Senators Visit Georgia - US-Senatoren treffen bei ihrem Georgienbesuch Vertreter der Opposition und Präsident Saakashvili - 11.01.2010, Civil Georgia
... John McCain arrived in Georgia with two other Republican Senators, John Barrasso and John Thune. Before meeting with President Saakashvili, the delegation met in Batumi, Adjara Autonomous Republic, with some opposition leaders, including Davit Usupashvili, leader of Republican Party, part of Alliance for Georgia; MP Giorgi Targamadze, leader of Christian-Democratic Movement and of parliamentary minority and Levan Gachechiladze, a co-founder of public movement Defend Georgia. President Saakashvili said after meeting with the U.S. senators that John McCain was Georgia long-time and firm supporter and awarded him with Georgia’s highest state honor of National Hero. ... He said that when John McCain, who at that time was a presidential candidate, called him and told him “not to surrender and not to say no to freedom.” ... “Of all the honors I’ve received in my life the National Hero Award is among the most meaningful and it is one that I would cherish for ever,” Senator McCain said in Batumi.
He said that this award was an expression of “friendship between two leaders – myself and President Saakashvili.” He also added that it was much more than that and it was an expression of “partnership and solidarity between our two nations.”
“Nations confronted by common challenges, bound by common interests and united by common democratic values, individual liberty, an equal justice, human rights and human dignity,” Senator McCain added.
“These convictions join our nations in a friendship that is greater than any one leader, greater than any one government, greater than events of today and tomorrow.  Our friendship is as enduring as our fidelity to the indivisible values that we share,” he said.
Also on January 11, Senator McCain traveled to town of Zugdidi at breakaway Abkhazia’s administrative border where he visited a local field office of EU Monitoring Mission and met with head of the mission Hansjörg Haber.

Russia hits top five of most dangerous countries - 06.01.10, Rustavi 2
Russia has been found in the top five of the countries, which are dangerous for journalists - the report of dangerous countries for journalists made by the International Federation of Journalists in 2009. `... The IFJ ... has launched an online database on cases of journalists` murders in collaboration with two leading Russian monitors of abuses against journalists; the Glasnost Defence Foundation and the Centre for Journalism in Extreme Conditions,` the report says. ... it announced a grim total of 137 journalists and media personnel killed during 2009. The number of targeted killings at 113 is one of the highest ever recorded says the IFJ, despite calls by the United Nations for governments to put an end to impunity.

Georgiens öffentliches Fernsehen startet das Programm "Kaukasus 1" in russischer Sprache, im Internt als "www.1k-tv.com" englisch und russisch - 03.01.2010, Civil Georgia
Georgian public broadcaster launched its third, Russian-language TV channel, First Caucasian, on the web at www.1k-tv.com.
As Gia Chanturia, general-director of the public broadcaster, said last month the plan was to launch the new channel, targeting Russian-speaking audience in the post-Soviet space with focus on the Caucasus region, first on the web and then to go out on satellite and cable.
“We want to provide you with facts rather than assessment. We also plan to talk about what remain beyond the screen on other Russian-language TV stations,” the new TV channel, which will have four news bulletins per day, announced on its website.
President Saakashvili, who was interviewed by the First Caucasian, said he was “glad that a powerful Russian-language TV channel has been launched in Georgia.”
“It is important for Georgia, for the Georgian audience, because we should not lose the Russian language; this is very important layer of civilization, very important layer of culture,” he said. ...

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