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Georgien's neues nationales Sicherheitskonzept - 23.12.2011, Civil Georgia

Int. Gerichtshof befindet den kriegsbezogenen Fall Georgien's gegen Russland für zulässig - 19.12.2011, Civil Georgia
European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) declared as admissible an inter-state application lodged by Georgia against Russia in connection to the August, 2008 war. ...

In Bildern: Abchasien - aufgenommen von vier litauischen Studenten - 10.12.2011, Civil Georgia

Präsident Saakashvili in Marseille: 'Russland hat keine Resourcen, um die besetzten Gebiete zu behaupten ... die Methoden und die Sprache der Vergangenheit funktionieren nicht mehr ...' - 08.12.2011, Civil Georgia
President Saakashvili said that “firmly established” terms “occupied” and “ethnic cleansing” in respect of Georgia’s breakaway regions, represents “the biggest headache” for Moscow, which has “no resources to maintain occupied territories.”
“It is very important that the terms occupation and ethnic cleansing have been firmly established in the European terminology, because the term ethnic cleansing means that no one will ever be able to legitimize [ownership] on our seized houses, yards, villages and the property of people who have been expelled, that means that this property will be returned and the term occupation means that occupation always ends with de-occupation,” Saakashvili said.
He made the televised remarks after addressing a congress of the European People’s Party Marseille, France on December 7.
“Today’s Russia has no resources to maintain occupied territories; these days we are all watching in what a condition Russia is; it is actually very shaken,” he said.
In separate remarks, during his address to the EPP congress in Marseille, Saakashvili said that recent events in Tskhinvali, where post-election crisis continues after a Kremlin-backed candidate lost the race, as well as events in Moscow, involving post-election protests, “have shown to us that the methods and the language of the past simply do not work anymore.”
“I travel a lot to Post-Soviet countries and I can tell you: there is no way they will accept the new Soviet Union in any form, under any name or any pretext,” Saakashvili said.

Georg. Botschafter in Schweden, Zurab Tchiaberashvili, ehemals EU-Botschafter in Straßburg, äußert sich zum WTO-Abkommen mit Russland - 08.12.2011, Civil Georgia
Article by Zurab Tchiaberashvili, Ambassador of Georgia to the Swiss Confederation and the Principality of Liechtenstein, Permanent Representative of Georgia to the UN Office and other International Organisations in Geneva
An agreement signed by the Governments of Georgia and the Russian Federation as a result of bilateral negotiations on Russia’s membership to the World Trade Organization (WTO) should be deemed a serious success for the Georgian side.
Georgia has demonstrated that it is a full-fledged, responsible member of the international community, which wisely makes use of its rights and responsibilities available through membership in various international and regional organizations. ....

Georgien gewinnt Juniorenwettbewerb des Eurovision Song Contest - 04.12.2011, Civil Georgia
CANDY, eine Gruppe von fünf Mädchen aus Georgien, gewann den Wettbewerb der 10-15 Jährigen in Jerewan, Armenien.


NACH WAHLANNULIERUNG MACHTKAMPF IM ABTRÜNNIGEN SÜDOSSETIEN
Alla Jioyeva beobachtet zum ersten Mal Fortschritte in den Gesprächen mit dem Kreml-Vertreter - 07.12.2011, Civil Georgia
... Eduard Kokoity unter Druck, da seine offizielle Amtszeit am 7.12. abgelaufen ist ... Premierminister Brovtsev soll vorübergehend das Amt übernehmen ...
Alla Jioyeva, an opposition candidate whose victory in the presidential runoff in breakaway South Ossetia was annulled, said after talks with a Kremlin official in Tskhinvali that “for the first time” since the launch of consultations on November 30 she had left the negotiating table “with positive” stance.

“We have listened and we have been heard,” she said after the talks on December 7, as her supporters continued rallying in Tskhinvali center for the eight day. “We very much hope that the next round will be more fruitful.”
Sergey Vinokurov, who is in charge of inter-regional and cultural relations with foreign countries at the Russian President's administration, is in Tskhinvali since November 30. Supporters of Jioyeva have previously openly accused him of siding with the authorities instead of mediating.
Jioyeva hailed a decision by the incumbent leader of breakaway region, Eduard Kokoity, to sack several senior officials. Citing “public discontent”, Kokoity fired on December 7 education minister; healthcare minister; head of the information and communications committee; Tskhinvali mayor; head of the Znauri district and mayor of Kvaisi. The opposition has been calling for resignation of Kokoity, as well as of chief prosecutor Taimuraz Khugaev.
In another important development on December 7, one of the vice-speakers of the breakaway region’s Parliament, Yuri Dzitsoiti, said in a written statement that Eduard Kokoity’s term in office had expired and PM of the breakaway region Vadim Brovtsev should now become an acting president.
Dzitsoiti, who is a member of ruling Unity party which backed in the elections Jioyeva’s rival candidate Anatoly Bibilov, said that although the Parliament set March 25, 2012 as the date for repeat elections, Kokoity can not stay in power till that date because his constitutional term in office expired on December 7.
“He must resign and the presidential duties should be assumed temporarily by PM Brovtsev,” Dzitsoiti said, adding that Brovtsev, “as a person not involved” in the post-election crisis “can prepare necessary conditions for holding of repeat election.”
Brovtsev, who is not a native of South Ossetia, was running a construction firm in Chelyabinsk, a city 1,600 km east of Moscow, before he became PM in breakaway South Ossetia in August, 2009.
“This option [Brovtsev as acting president] is normal; that’s acceptable for us,” Jioyeva was quoted by RIA Novosti news agency.
Gerichtshof in Tskhinvali hält die Entscheidung zur Annullierung der Stichwahlergebnisse aufrecht - 06.12.2011, Civil Georgia
Inzwischen wurde in der Morgendämmerung eine Panzerabwehrrakete auf das Haus des Generalstaatsanwaltes von der abtrünnigen Region gefeuert. Der Generalstaatsanwalt Taimuraz Khugaev ist ein enger Verbündeter von Eduard Kokoity. Eduard Kokoity: ... eine geplante Provokation, um die Situation zu sprengen ... ; Alla Jioyeva: ... Provokation von Behörden selbst aufgeführt, um die Opposition zu diskreditieren ...
Supreme Court in breakaway South Ossetia upheld on Tuesday its earlier ruling annulling November 27 presidential runoff results.
An opposition candidate, Alla Jioyeva, who won the runoff, was requesting the Supreme Court to annul its earlier decision.
Meanwhile, at dawn on Tuesday an anti-tank rocket was fired at a home of the breakaway region’s chief prosecutor Taimuraz Khugaev, a close ally of incumbent South Ossetian leader Eduard Kokoity. The rocket, reportedly fired from RPG-26 rocket launcher, hit a second floor of a five-storey apartment building in Tskhinvali; no one was injured.
The breakaway region’s authorities linked the incident to ongoing events in Tskhinvali, involving opposition’s protest rallies.
“It was a well-planned provocation aimed at blowing up situation in South Ossetia,” Kokoity said.
Alla Jioyeva suggested that this “provocation” was staged by the authorities with a purpose “to discredit” the opposition.
Proteste in Tskhinvali dauern an - 05.12.2011, Civil Georgia
Demonstrationen gehen in den 6.Tag, nachdem am Sonntag die Gespräche zwischen Alla Jioyeva und dem Kreml-Vertreter Alan Pliev ohne Ergebnisse endeten. ...
Opposition's protest rally goes into sixth day on Monday as yet another day of negotiations between Alla Jioyeva's allies and a Kremlin official failed to bring about any breakthrough on Sunday.
Alan Pliev, who is one of the four allies of Jioyeva taking part in the talks, said that the Sunday's meetings yielded no results.
Sergey Vinokurov, who is in charge of inter-regional and cultural relations with foreign countries at the Russian President's administration, described his role as "a mediator" between the opposition and the authorities.
"My role as a mediator is to defuse tensions and facilitate the sides to sit down at the negotiating table; so far we are succeeding in this," Interfax news agency reported, quoting Vinokurov as saying after the Sunday's meeting. The Kremlin official is in Tskhinvali since November 30.
Jioyeva's allies said that the Russian official told them to wait for the Supreme Court's decision into the appeal by Jioyeva, who is requesting annulment of the court's earlier decision through which results of the November 27 presidential runoff, won by Jioyeva, were invalidated. The opposition, however, fears that the court will try to drag out the hearings, which have yet to be launched.
Incumbent leader of breakaway South Ossetia, Eduard Kokoity, whose immediate resignation is among the demands of the opposition, said the authorities would not yield to the opposition's ultimatums.
On Sunday, in an appeal to the international community, read out at the rally, protesters called for assistance in resolving the crisis.
"The people of South Ossetia appeal to you with a request to immediately intervene in current developments with a purpose to stabilize situation and to restore constitutional order... In case of a delay of the international community's reaction one more tragedy may take place. The right of free choice of the entire people and of an individual represents an invariable value, which can not be subjected to manipulation," the local and Russian news agencies reported quoting the text of appeal. It also says that the post-election crisis "can provoke destabilization of the entire Caucasus."
Also on December 4, the voters in the breakaway region, majority of whom hold the Russian citizenship, cast ballot in the elections of State Duma, Russai's lower house of the Parliament. A day earlier opposition called on the supporters to turn out at the polling stations and to voter for Russia's ruling party United Russia in order to demonstrate that the protesters "stand beside Russia."
It was announced by speakers at the rally on December 4, that they plan to hold "presidential inauguration" of Alla Jioyeva on December 10.
Protesters in Tskhinvali center brave freezing winter nights by warming themselves up at fire barrels. Camped outside the government building in Tskhinvali's central square, protesters vow to keep rallying before thier demands are are met.
Protestierende halten Nachtwache in Tskhinvali - 02.12.2011, Civil Georgia
Jioyeva stellt Kokoity ein Ultimatum - 01.12.2011, Civil Georgia
An opposition candidate Alla Jioyeva, whose victory in the November 27 presidential runoff was annulled by the breakaway region’s Supreme Court, has set an ultimatum to the outgoing South Ossetian leader Eduard Kokoity to recognize her as elected leader of the breakaway region before 6pm local time on Thursday.
In a written letter submitted to the Kokoity’s office, Jioyeva says that Kokoity should overturn the decision of the Supreme Court annulling the runoff results, as well as the decision of the Parliament setting March 25, 2012 as the date of repeat election. She has also demanded from Kokoity to publish a final vote tally of the November 27 runoff’s results giving her victory over Kremlin-backed candidate Anatoly Bibilov.
“In case the above mentioned points are not fulfilled before 6pm on December 1, 2011, the President [Eduard Kokoity], Acting Chairman of the Parliament [Zurab Kokoev] and Chairman of the Supreme Court [Atsamaz Bichenov] will be responsible for the further developments,” Jioyeva’s letter reads.
Meanwhile, supporters of Jioyeva are gathering on Tskhinvali’s main square, according to the reports from the breakaway region’s capital.
According to a reporter blogging live from Tskhinvali for Russian news website, Kavkazsky Uzel, the security forces blocked the access roads towards the government building with trucks. He is reporting that on Thursday troops from the interior ministry’s special task force are in larger numbers at the government building then it was on November 30.
Tskhinvali ist ruhig, während Alia Jioyeva Gespräche abhält mit einem Kreml-Vertreter - 01.12.2011, Civil Georgia
Südossetien: Präsidentschaftskandidatin Alla Jioyeva standfest in der 'Verteidigung ihres Wahlsiegs' - 30.11.2011, Civil Georgia
Sie soll in einem Gesapräch mit Eduard Kokoity daraufbestanden haben, dass an diesem Tag eine Entscheidung getroffen wird zu ihrer Forderung, das Urteil des Gerichtshofs "Annulierung der Wahl" aufzuheben ...
Reporter: blogging live from Tskhinvali
lla Jioyeva, an opposition candidate for the breakaway region’s leadership, told supporters on Wednesday that she told outgoing South Ossetian leader Eduard Kokoity to overturn a ruling by the Supreme Court which annulled the Sunday’s presidential runoff in which Jioyeva was leading.
According to a reporter blogging live from Tskhinvali for Russian news website, Kavkazsky Uzel, Jioyeva said she told Kokoity during a meeting in the government residence in the center of Tskhinvali that he should take a decision today and there was no time for thinking over it for few days.
According to the reports from Tskhinvali few thousand supporters of Jioyeva are gathered on the city’s main square outside the government building.
Reports say that the security guard of the government building had to fire warning shots into the air to prevent the crowed from breaking into the building.
Earlier on Wednesday Jioyeva and one of her key supporters, Anatoly Barankevich, the breakaway region’s former secretary of national security council, who split with Kokoity after the August, 2008 war, met with Russian diplomats in the embassy of Russia in Tskhinvali. The Russian Foreign Ministry said on November 30 that the political forces should respect a ruling by the Supreme Court annulling the Sunday’s runoff results in which the Kremlin-backed candidate, Anatoly Bibilov, lost the race with Jioyeva.
“We had a serious conversation,” Jioyeva said after the meeting with the Russian diplomats. “We have requested to help us in protecting the people’s choice. We have been promised that our demands would be conveyed to the Russian leadership.”
Jioyeva schwört, 'den Wahlsieg zu verteidigen' - 29.11.2011, Civil Georgia
Gerichtshof in Tskhinvali annulliert die Ergebnisser der Stichwahl zur Präsidentschaft - 29.11.2011, Civil Georgia
Bibilov fechtet das Ergebnis der Stichwahl an - 27.11.2011, Civil Georgia
... Südosset. Wahlkommission: Jioyeva 56.74% (14,828 votes); Bibilov 40% (10,462 votes). ...

Anatoly Bibilov, breakaway South Ossetia’s emergency situations minister, disputes early results of the presidential runoff according to which he is losing the race to Alla Jioyeva.
With most of the votes already counted the breakaway region’s Central Election Commission (CEC) said Jioyeva was leading the race with 56.74% (14,828 votes) with Bibilov having 40% (10,462 votes).
“We have absolutely different information about the voting. We will submit all the information we have, as well as those violations which we have observed during the elections, to the court,” Bibilov said on Monday. “We will accept any ruling by the Supreme Court even if [the verdict] is against us.”
Before the noon on Monday the breakaway region’s Supreme Court said that a complaint had been filed from the Unity party, which backs Bibilov, about the alleged electoral violations. The court chairman, Atsamaz Bichenov, said that the allegations involve bribing and pressuring voters from Jioyeva’s campaign team. He called on the Central Election Commission not to announce any results of the runoff pending the court hearing, which was scheduled to start by the noon on Monday. The hearing, however, was postponed for Tuesday after the Unity party requested more time to provide additional information to the court in connection to its complaints.
The breakaway region’s CEC chairperson, Bela Plieva, said that no complaint had been filed to the electoral commission about alleged violations and she had learnt about the complaint filed to the Supreme Court from the media sources.

Präsident Saakashvili äußert sich zweimal zur politischen Rolle der russ. orthodoxen Kirche - 25.11.2011, Civil Georgia
... Er bezog sich auf die Äußerung der russ. orthodoxen Kirche, die “einen Kreuzzug zur Restauration der Sowjetunion erklärt hat”. Er nannte sie einen "direkten Ableger des Kreml". ...

... While the Georgian Patriarch was visiting Moscow, President Saakashvili has twice slammed the Russian Orthodox Church on two separate occasions, calling it “the Kremlin’s branch”, which had “declared a crusade for restoration of the Soviet Union.”
“You know that the Russian [Orthodox] Church has declared a crusade for restoration of the Soviet Union, that means, for putting an end to Georgia’s independence,” Saakashvili said on November 22, referring to remarks by head of the Russian Orthodox Church, Kirill, who said last week that the collapse of the Soviet Union was negative event.
Next day, on November 23, while unveiling a statue to former U.S. President Ronald Reagan, Saakashvili said: “Russian Orthodox Church, which is directly the Kremlin’s branch, declared a crusade for restoration of the Soviet Union and called the former Soviet Union territory, including Georgia, ‘historic parts of Russia’ which should be returned back to Russia.”
“No matter how many crusades they will declare for restoration of the Soviet Union and no matter how many prayers or curses KGB-uniform elements in the north from us will say, freedom will definitely prevail and any attempt of restoration of the Soviet Union will lead to further destabilization of Russia and will lead this state – which deserves much better fate – to the verge of collapse,” he added. ...

Georg. Patriarch Ilia II. erklärt, der Besuch in Moskau war 'nützlich' - 25.11.2011, Civil Georgia
Ilia II. nahm an der Feier zum 65.Geburtstag des russ. Patriarchen Kirill teil und traf den russ. Präsidenten zusammen mit einer Delegation von orthodoxen Kirchen aus mehreren anderen Ländern.

Resolution des europäischen Parlaments zu Georgien - 17.11.2011, Civil Georgia
- Ivanishvili-related amendment rejected;
- Calls on EU to recognize Abkhazia, S.Ossetia as ‘occupied territories’;
- ‘Enter more extensively into constructive dialogue with opposition’;
- ‘Georgia - one of the best-performing partners in Eastern Partnership’;
- ‘Further improvement needed in justice system, labor reforms’
European Parliament resolution of 17 November, 2011 containing the European Parliament's recommendations to the Council, the Commission and the EEAS on the negotiations of the EU-Georgia Association Agreement (2011/2133(INI))

CONDOLEEZA RICE-BUCH UND GEORGIENKRIEG 2008 - VERSUCHE FALSCHER AUSLEGUNG
Is this journalism or advocacy? - 17.11.2011, washingtonpost.com/blogs, J. Rubin
... As Right Turn readers know, I avidly follow Russia and its agressive behavior at home and abroad in the Putin era, including its continued occupation of Georgia. So I was shocked to see a piece on the Atlantic Monthly’s website proclaiming: “Condoleezza Rice Blames Georgian Leader for War With Russia.” I found that nearly impossible, given her background and thinking on Russia and the reaction by the Bush administration to the invasion of Georgia. But there it was, asserting: “Former U.S. Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice says Georgian President Saakashvili alienated potential NATO allies by ‘letting the Russians provoke him’ into starting a war over South Ossetia.” There were some snippets from Rice’s book that didn’t quite support that conclusion, but I haven’t read Rice’s book and therefore was at a disadvantage.
However, Daniel Halper at the Weekly Standard took matters into his own hands. He called up Rice who responded: ‘The idea that I somehow blamed Saakashvilli for this . . . I just don’t think that is accurate. It is true that we were worried that the Russians would provoke [Georgian president Mikheil] Saakashvili and that he would allow himself to be provoked. But in no way were the Georgians at fault, and I think that’s clear from the full text.” ... By Jennifer Rubin.
რა არის ეს, ჟურნალისტიკა თუ პროპაგანდა? - 20 ნოემბერი 2011, foreignpress.ge
Artikel in The Atlantic -
Artikel in Eurasianet.org
No Higher Honour - 04.11.2011, Financial Times
Review of the book by Demetri Sevastopulo: Condoleezza Rice’s memoir of her years serving George W Bush as national security adviser and secretary of state ...
Memories of the Bush Administration - 03.11.2011, New York Times
No Higher Honour: A Memoir of My Years in Washington, by Condoleezza Rice, Simon & Schuster, RRP£20, 784 pages - Amazon

19 Mio. EUR Hilfe von der EU zur Entwicklung der Regionen in Georgien - 14.11.2011, Civil Georgia
... Infrastructure development in the regions, involving hospitals, local roads, gas and water connection, as well as improving regional strategic planning capacities, including the reinforcement of human resources and statistics are among the goals of the programme, according to the EU delegation. ...

MILLIARDÄR BIDZINA IVANISHVILI AUF DEM WEG IN DIE POLITIK IM JAHR 2011
Ivanishvili plant, am 25.11. seine öffentliche Bewegung Georgian Dream zu starten - 03.11.2011, Civil Georgia
... The planned movement is likely meant to be a grassroots movement to serve as a platform for Ivanishvili’s political activities.
During his first-ever press conference on November 1, Ivanishvili said that he would try to rely mainly on “new faces” while building his political party.
“There will be new faces, maximally as possible,” he said.
Ivanishvili also said that he would manage to regain his Georgian passport with the help from the Georgian people and international community.
“I want to assure you that the Georgian population together with the international community will manage to force Saakashvili to restore my Georgian citizenship. But if it fails to happen we have parallel plans, but the result will be the same in both ways – we will come into power through elections and change Saakashvili’s government through elections,” he said without going into details of “parallel plan”.
He also reiterated desire to cooperate closely with Irakli Alasania's Our Georgia-Free Democrats (OGFD) and Republican Party, led by Davit Usupashvili.
Ivanishvili, who in his one of the written statements last month slammed several political parties as “pseudo opposition”, also said on November 1, that he wanted to cooperate with parties other than Republican and OGFD; he did not name any specific political party. He, however, also made it clear that cooperation did not mean forming a joint political party or electoral bloc.
Pressekonferenz von Bidzina Ivanishvili - 01.11.2011, babajana.com - Video
Milliardär Bidzina Ivanishvili umreißt seine politischen Ziele - 07.10.2011, Civil Georgia
- Eyes either PM’s or Parliamentary Speaker’s post;
- Says will quit politics in two-three years after achieving goals;
- Says to sell businesses in Russia;
- Plans to revoke his Russian and French citizenship;
- “Starting sorting out relations” with Russia;
- “Deepening friendship and integration with U.S., EU”;
- Pledges USD 1 billion for agriculture.
Erkärung von Ivanishvili - inoffizielle Übersetzung - 07.10.2011, Civil Georgia
In Pictures: Ivanishvili's Press Conference
Ivanishvili's First-Ever Press Conference
Saakashvili: 'Serious Opposition Force Tries to Throw Us into Past'
Cartu Bank Says No Need in Central Bank's Financial Help
Ivanishvili: 'I Came into Politics Unprepared'
Georgian Billionaire on Politics - May, 2011
Billionaire Outlines Political Goals
Georgian Billionaire Plans Political Party
Ivanishvili Meets Foreign Diplomats

Ivanishvili on Foreign Policy, Territorial Integrity

Lawyer: Court Declines Interim Measure into Ivanishvili's Citizenship Case
Ivanishvili's Press Conference Planned for Nov.1
Cartu Bank Claims Politics Behind Cash Seizure
Lawyer: No Plans to Appeal President for Ivanishvili’s Citizenship For Now
Ivanishvili: 'Don't Even Want to Hear Word Revolution'
Public TV Ready to Provide Live Coverage of Ivanishvili’s Press Conference

Central Bank to Probe Ivanishvili's Cartu Bank
Cartu Bank: Seized Cash Totals USD 2m and EUR 1m
President's Office on Stripping Ivanishvili's Citizenship
Ruling Party Links Ivanishvili with Russia
Ivanishvili to Appeal Against Stripping of Citizenship
CDM Leader Condemns Govt's 'Aggressive' Actions Against Ivanishvili
Ivanishvili: Despite 'Aggression' and 'Occupation' Tbilisi will Have to Mend Ties with Moscow
Ivanishvili Meets National Forum Leaders
Ivanishvili's First-Ever TV Interview
Ivanishvili Wants Live Coverage of His Press Conference
Ivanishvili on Meetings with OGFD, Republican Party
Ivanishvili Denies Talks with Okruashvili
Kitsmarishvili Predicts Early Parliamentary Polls
Head of Civil Registry on Ivanishvili's Citizenship
Opposition Reacts on Ivanishvili's Statement
Ivanishvili: 'I will Definitely Come into Power'
Civil Registry: Ivanishvili not Citizen of Georgia
Billionaire-Turned-Politician in Process of Selecting Political Team
Billionaire-Turned-Politician Gearing Up For TV Interview
Billionaire, Gearing Up for Politics, Picks Up Spokesman
Written Statement of Bidzina Ivanishvili
Ivanishvili's Statement Offering to Buy a Television Station
Tycoon Ivanishvili Sells Business Shares in Georgia - 2005

Situation getting tenser in Tskhinvali - 11.10.11, Rustavi2
The situation in Georgia`s occupied South Ossetia Region is very tense after the supporters of an opposition leader Dzambulat Tedeev assembled on the central square of Tskhinvali today, demanding the registration of their favorite as the candidate for the president.
Kokoity`s puppet regime changed the so-called constitution a few days after the registration began. According to the amendment, the citizen of the breakaway region is prohibited to run for the president if one did not live in the region for past ten years.
Tedeev`s supporters are surrounded by Kokoity`s special units. The protestors confirm that under Kokoity`s order, the officers are arresting the protestors, whose whereabouts are yet unknown.
Hundreds of people assembled in the streets of Tskhinvali demand registration of Tedeev as the candidate and prevention of civil confrontation.
`I had no intention to come here and join the rally but after they began to detain my relatives one after another, I decided that being here is my civil obligation. Neither the president nor the chief coach of the team [Tedeev is the chief coach of Russia`s freestyle wrestling team] will remain in the history as good people if they confront people against one another. They should begin dialogue and prevent conflict,` one of the protestors told Rustavi2 in a telephone interview.
Reports say that over 100 protestors were arrested since the morning by Kokoity`s units, whom they are taking to Java insulator as the Tskhinvali insulator is overloaded.
Meanwhile, Dzambulat Tedeev remains in his house after the so-called militia filed a criminal case against him as he and his supporters intruded into the `CEC` demanding his registration.

SARKOZY-BESUCH IN GEORGIEN
La Marseillaise - The National Anthem of France | Sofia Nizharadze - youtube.com
Nicolas Sarkozy in Georgia
- youtube.com
Palace of the President of Georgia | Saakashvili and Sarkozy - youtube.com
Russland: Frankreich fordert Ende der „Drohungen“ gegen Georgien - 07.10.2011, Focus
Nachdem Frankreichs Präsident Nicolas Sarkozy bei dem bewaffneten Konflikt zwischen Russland und Georgien 2008 einen Waffenstillstand erreichen konnte, kommt es von Russland angeblich immer wieder zu „Drohungen“ und „Einschüchterungen“ gegenüber Georgien. Frankreich hat Russland dazu aufgefordert, dem ein Ende zu setzen. ...
Russland müsse seine Truppen abziehen und aufhören, sich in die Angelegenheiten ehemaliger Sowjetstaaten einzumischen, forderte Sarkozy bei seinem Besuch in Tiflis. „Jeder muss zugeben, dass die Sowjetunion nicht mehr existiert“, sagte Sarkozy. „Jeder muss zugeben, dass Georgien wie jedes andere Land das Recht hat, seinen Weg zu bestimmen und seine Freunde und Verbündeten frei zu wählen“, fügte der Präsident hinzu.

Nicolas Sarkozy zu Gast in Georgien - 07.10.2011, georgien-aktuell.de
Frankreichs Präsident bekräftigt Unterstützung für Georgiens staatliche Einheit
Frankreichs Präsident Nicolas Sarkozy hat bei seinem Besuch in Georgien seine Unterstützung für die Souveränität, Unabhängigkeit und territoriale Integrität des Landes bekräftigt. Vor mehreren tausend Menschen auf dem „Freedom Square“ in Tbilisi ermutigte Sarkozy die georgische Regierung, den Reformprozess fortzusetzen und das Land weiter an die Europäische Union heranzuführen. „Wenn ich in Tbilisi bin, fühle ich mich wie in Europa“, sagte der französische Präsident.
Bei seiner Rede appellierte Nicolas Sarkozy außerdem an die russische Regierung, das Waffenstillstandsabkommen von 2008 umzusetzen und europäischen Beobachtern Zugang zu den von Russland besetzten georgischen Gebieten Abchasien und Südossetien zu gewähren. Er forderte insbesondere, dass die georgischen Binnenflüchtlinge (Internally Displaced Persons, IDP) in ihre Heimatorte in den besetzten Gebieten zurückkehren dürfen.
Präsident Sarkozy hatte im August 2008 das Waffenstillstandsabkommen zwischen Russland und Georgien ausgehandelt. - Quelle: AFP, Civil.ge
Präsident Saakashvili: Sarkozy's Rede historisch für Georgien - 07.10.2011, Civil Georgia
... “In Europe major issues are decided by leading European states – these are: Germany and France and if you want to join NATO and EU you need a support one of those two countries,” Saakashvili said.
“I want to remind everyone that in 2008 Bucharest NATO summit France was against of granting Georgia MAP [Membership Action Plan]. France was till now against of mentioning about Georgia’s EU integration and EU membership. Nicolas Sarkozy has turned around this [stance],” Saakashvili said. ... The Georgian President’s administration reported that the French President awarded Saakashvili with Legion d'Honneur and the latter awarded his French counterpart with the Saint George’s Victory Order for “protecting Georgia’s sovereignty and for firm support to Georgia’s national interests”.
Franz. Präsident Sarkozy ruft zum Dialog auf und erinnert Russland an die Versprechen vom Waffenstillstandsabkommen - 07.10.2011, Civil Georgia
- Russia and Georgia should follow path of reconciliation;
- Dialogue should replace rhetoric of confrontation;
- Military build-up in Abkhazia, S.Ossetia contrary to ceasefire agreement;
- Calls on Russia to reciprocate Tbilisi’s non-use of force declaration;
- Soviet Union is past and can’t be replaced with spheres of influence;
- France considers Russia as its strategic partner;
- Georgia is free to choose its allies;
- ‘In Tbilisi, I feel like I am in Europe’
- Georgia free to express its EU aspirations and to one day join it.
Franz. Präsident Sarkozy kommt in Tbilisi an - 07.10.2011, Civil Georgia
French President, Nicolas Sarkozy, who mediated ceasefire between Russia and Georgia three years ago, arrived in Tbilisi late on Friday afternoon – the last stop on his trip to the South Caucasus countries. Sarkozy will make an outdoor speech on Freedom Square, decorated with French, Georgian and EU flags. ... The French President is expected to call for a dialogue between Russia and Georgia. ...

WTO-Beitritt Russlands gescheitert - 09.10.2011, derstandard.at
Georgien blockiert und verlangt Informationen über den Handel in Abchasien und Süd-Ossetien ...

Politologe: "Putins Hass ist ein Schlüsselfaktor" - Interview mit Svante Cornell - 27.09.2011,  derstandard.at
Russland und Georgien, Aserbaidschan und Armenien: Kaukasus-Kenner Svante Cornell im Interview
Standard: Wie stellt sich die aktuelle Lage im Kaukasus dar?
Cornell: Die Region befindet sich immer noch in einem politischen Schwebezustand, der durch den Krieg zwischen Russland und Georgien vor drei Jahren ausgelöst wurde. Kein Problem ist gelöst, aber neue kamen hinzu. Und Michail Saakaschwili hat überlebt, entgegen mancher Vorhersage. Die Popularität seiner Regierung hat sogar zugenommen, obwohl die Reformen sich verlangsamen. Der Krieg hat die Rosenrevolution nicht gebrochen. Der Konflikt hat unterschiedliche Zeiten erlebt, auch solche, in denen die Russen Waffengewalt anwandten. Dazwischen gab es Diplomatie, Politik und subversive Versuche - wie jetzt. Die Russen lassen in Georgien Bomben hochgehen, um die Entwicklung eines prowestlichen, demokratischen Landes zu untergraben.
Standard: Georgiens territoriale Probleme sind in gewisser Hinsicht gelöst. Abchasien und Südossetien gehören jetzt Russland.
Cornell: Russland hat schon 1999 begonnen, direkt Macht in diesen Gebieten auszuüben. Krieg oder nicht, dieser Prozess dauerte schon an. Russland hatte bereits Minister ernannt, Truppen hin- und hergeschoben. All das ist geschehen, es hat nur keinen gekümmert. Georgien hat diese Gebiete verloren, weil die internationale Gemeinschaft nicht willens oder nicht in der Lage war, dort internationale Prinzipien aufrechtzuerhalten. Der Krieg 2008 war ein Desaster: Die Investitionen in Georgien sind deutlich zurückgegangen, und Russland hat im Westen zum Teil seine Sichtweise von dem Konflikt verkaufen können, wonach Georgien ein unberechenbarer Staat sei. Aber niemand glaubt nun mehr, dass Russland nicht Partei sei, wie die Russen es stets behaupteten. Das ist das Positive für Georgien.
Standard: Sehen Sie das Risiko eines weiteren Krieges?
Cornell: Absolut. Nicht in naher Zukunft, aber die russische Führung hatte Ziele mit diesem Krieg. Einige hat sie erreicht, andere nicht. So läuft Saakaschwilis Projekt, Georgiens Gesellschaft von der sowjetischen Geschichte zu distanzieren, weiter. Ich glaube an den Einfluss von Persönlichkeiten: Putins Hass auf Saakaschwili war ein Schlüsselfaktor für den Krieg. Die russische Führung will eine Moskau-freundliche Regierung in Tiflis. Das wird nie geschehen. Russland hat die georgische Gesellschaft mit diesem Krieg tief von sich entfremdet. ...


RUGBY-WM 2011 IN NEUSEELAND
Premierminister Nika Gilauri in Neuseeland beim landestypischen Empfangsritual - გილაური ახალ ზელანდიაში - 26.09.2011, babajana.com
Prime Minister Gilauri to visit NZ during RWC - 26.09.2011, Press Release: New Zealand Government
Prime Minister John Key today announced that Prime Minister Nikolaz Gilauri of Georgia will arrive in New Zealand tomorrow for a six-day visit. ...
“The Rugby World Cup has provided an excellent opportunity for New Zealand and Georgia to deepen our ties. We will likely discuss developments following the global financial crisis, Mr Gilauri’s perspectives on Eastern Europe, and the Rugby World Cup.” says Mr Key. ...
All Blacks Haka vs the Wallabies in Sydney 2010 - Zeremonie der neuseeländische Rugby-Mannschaft "All Blacks" vor dem Spiel
Rugby-WM in Neuseeland - Georgien in Pool B - Vorrunde
Georgien belegt den 4.Platz hinter England, Argentinien und Schottland.
14/09 - 09:30 - Scotland - Georgia, Invercargill - 15 / 6
18/09 - 08:00 - England - Georgia, Dunedin - 10 / 41

28/09 - 08:30 - Georgia - Romania, Palmerston North - 25 / 9
02/10 - 02:00 - Argentina - Georgia, Palmerston North - 25 / 7
Spielpläne: http://www.rugbyimweb.de/index.php/rugby-world-cup-2011
Pools: http://www.rugbyimweb.de/index.php/rugby-world-cup-2011/pools
Infos in TF1 auf französisch: http://coupe-du-monde.tf1.fr/

Georgische Folklore in der Waldorfschule - 25.09.2011, die Glocke
Everswinkel (ans). „Denn nur mit Kunst kann man die Welt verändern“- Im Sinne  des Künstlers Friedensreich Hundertwasser veranstalteten ehemalige  Schüler der Waldorfschule aus Tiflis in Georgien  ein Benefizkonzert in der Waldorfschule Everswinkel, um ihre Schule vor der Schließung zu bewahren. ...

Georgien erhebt Klage gegen Russland beim Europäischen Gerichtshof für Menschenrechte
- 23.09.2011, georgien-aktuell.de
Vorwurf der Menschenrechtsverletzung durch russische Truppen in besetzten Gebieten
Georgien hat beim Europäischen Gerichtshof für Menschenrechte Klage gegen Russland wegen Menschenrechtsverletzungen in seinen von Russland besetzten Gebieten Abchasien und Südossetien eingereicht. Konkret wird die russische Regierung beschuldigt, Übergriffe auf die Zivilbevölkerung in diesen Gebieten durchgeführt beziehungsweise unterstützt zu haben. Darunter fallen laut Anklageschrift Folter, Vertreibung und Mord.
Die stellvertretende Justizministerin von Georgien Tina Burjaliani machte während der Anhörung am Donnerstag in Straßburg deutlich, dass die russische Regierung nichts unternommen habe, um die Verletzung von Menschenrechten in den besetzten georgischen Gebieten zu stoppen. Ihr russischer Amtskollege Matjuschkin gab hingegen zu Protokoll, russische Truppen hätten mit ihrem Eingreifen lediglich die Zivilbevölkerung schützen wollen.
Ministerin Burjaliani wies diese Äußerung zurück: „Hier geht es nicht um die Frage, ob die Militärintervention rechtens war. Es geht vielmehr um das Töten von Zivilisten, Folter, die Zerstörung von Häusern und willkürliche Inhaftierung von Menschen durch russische Soldaten.“
Der Gerichtshof muss nun entscheiden, ob die Klage Georgiens zulässig ist.

Gericht prüft Klage Georgiens gegen Russland - 22.09.11, N24.de
Vor dem Europäischen Gerichtshof für Menschenrechte in Straßburg hat eine Anhörung über eine Staatenklage Georgiens gegen Russland begonnen. Hintergrund ist der bewaffnete Konflikt beider Länder um die georgische Region Südossetien vom Sommer 2008. Georgien wirft Russland zahlreiche Menschenrechtsverletzungen gegen die Zivilbevölkerung in Südossetien sowie in der georgischen Enklave Abchasien vor. Russische Soldaten hätten Menschen aus ihren Häusern vertrieben, gefoltert und getötet, heißt es in der Beschwerde. ...

Bulgaria may help Georgia in joining European energy network
- 22.09.2011, the Sofia Echo
Bulgaria has offered to assist Georgia in linking its power transmission system to the European Network of Transmission System Operators for Electricity (ENTSO - E), the Energy Ministry in Sofia said in a statement on September 22 2011.
This was one of the issues discussed by Bulgaria's Energy Minister Traicho Traikov and Georgia's first deputy minister of energy and natural resources Mariam Valishvili at a meeting in Tbilisi.
Currently, Georgia is building two inter-connectors with Turkey and is offering potential investors preferential conditions for the development of its electricity infrastructure. In addition, Tbilisi has started an ambitious programme to build hydroelectric plants by 2019, in which Bulgarian companies could participate as investors or subcontractors in construction works and delivery of equipment, according to the statement.
The programme envisages the construction of several power stations with a combined capacity of 2500 MW, which will sell electricity chiefly abroad. ...

Eastern Europe Gets All Shook Up Over American-Style Diners - 21.09.2011, dailyfinance.com
The world's fourth Elvis-themed restaurant is scheduled to open in a mall in Georgia this year. That's the Republic of Georgia, the former Soviet state wedged between the Black and Caspian seas in Central Asia.
"Georgia was under a communist regime for 72 years," says Amir Yoeli, the general manager of Elvis American Diner, the Georgian-Israeli company which owns all four of the world's Elvis-themed restaurants. "People here skipped the '50s and '60s. It's something they're thirsty for." ...

Präsident Saakashvili ist in New York zur UN-Generalversammlung - 20.09.2011, Civil Georgia
Er hält bilaterale Treffen mit Finland, Lithuania, Latvia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Bolivia, Mongolia, Nigeria und Swiss President und Foreign Minister Micheline Calmy-Rey ab.
In seine Rede wird er auf die Position Georgiens in Bezug auf die Sicherheit Georgiens und der Region eingehen sowie die fortgesetzten politischen und ökonomischen Reformen ansprechen.

Georgien schützt 37 landestypische Speisen und Getränke - 20.09.2011, georgien-aktuell.de
Maßnahme soll Nachahmung in anderen Ländern verhindern
Die georgische Behörde für geistiges Eigentum hat 37 landestypische Speisen und Getränke markenrechtlich geschützt, um sie vor Nachahmung in anderen Ländern zu schützen. Dies umfasst zum Beispiel bestimmte Sorten von Wein und Käse.
Der Leiter der Behörde Irakli Gvaladze teilte mit, dass die relevanten Unterlagen auch nach Russland geschickt worden seien. „Es ist bekannt, dass in Russland häufig versucht wird, georgische Produkte nachzuahmen“, sagte Gvaladze.
Im Jahr 2006 sperrte Russland nicht nur die Verkehrsverbindungen mit Georgien, sondern belegte georgische Produkte auch mit einem Einfuhrembargo. Zuvor hatten georgische Behörden vier russische Soldaten aufgrund des Verdachts auf Spionage verhaftet.

Wine - Top Alcohol Export - 19.09.2011, The FINANCIAL
Although Georgia enjoys the status of being the “cradle of wine”, beer products are the top alcohol import in the country. 6,704,000 litres of beer with a total value of 4,700,000 USD was imported in the first half of this year, while 1,376,000 litres of beer was exported in the same period.
The leading drink in terms of the export of alcoholic beverages is wine. 3,110,000 litres of wine with a total value of 17,041,000 USD was exported in the first six months of 2011. ...

Flydubai to launch flights to Tbilisi in November - 12.09.2011, Gulf News
Dubai: Starting on November 4, Dubai-based low cost carrier Flydubai will start operating twice-a-week services to the Georgian capital of Tbilisi, the carrier said today in a statement, as it expands operations across Central and Eastern Europe.
Tbilisi has been named the carrier's 45th destination, with Flydubai becoming the only airline to offer direct flights from the UAE to the Georgian city.
Flydubai said it received an official seal of approval from the Deputy Minister of Ministry of Economy and Sustainable Development of Georgia, George Karbelashvili.
"I am sure flydubai's connection between Tbilisi and Dubai will help establish and strengthen ties between the countries. We have a number of common areas of interest such as banking, real estate, oil and gas and tourism; and this is the opportunity to step-up collaboration in these sectors while exploring new relationship avenues," Karbelashvili said in a statement.
Added Ghaith Al Ghaith, CEO of Flydubai, said: "There are more than 55,000 expatriates from this region residing in the UAE and more than a million tourists visiting the emirates every year. We hope our network of direct flights will play a part in making travel between the UAE and Central and Eastern Europe easier and more affordable."

Nikozi International Festival of Animated Films - 09.09.11, gnfc.ge
The first international festival of animated films will be held in Nikozi, the abutting village of Tskhinvali on September 12-18. The movie directors from Georgia, USA, Poland, Belarus and Russia will participate in the festival. Not only screening of animated films, meetings with Georgian and foreign cinematographers and masterclasses for young animators is planned within the frameworks of the festival, but also various cultural events, concerts etc.
The festival will be held by initiative of Nikozi and Tskhinvali diocese metropolitan Isaia.
Supporters of the festival: the Ministry of Culture and Monument Protection, National Film Center, Polish Embassy in Georgia, Gori province, Studio “TraceXXI”, American friends of Georgia.
Holding of the festival is especially important in Tskhinvali abutting village, as it will facilitate gaining education and psychological rehabilitation of local settlement, especially children.
GNFC - Georgian National Film Center

Georgien will russische Panzer durch russische Touristen ersetzen - 07.09.2011
President: Georgia wants to replace Russian tanks with Russian tourists
Georgia wants to withdraw Russian tanks from the country and receive as many as possible Russian tourists, Georgian President Mikheil Saakashvili said during his speech at the International Economic Forum of Young Leaders, held in Poland.

Gastkommentar Günter Verheugen: Schaut auf dieses Land! - 12.08.2011, Welt
Vor genau drei Jahren tobte im Kaukasus ein kurzer, heftiger Krieg zwischen Russland und Georgien. Ein paar Tage lang wandten wir uns dem Thema zu, dann kehrte der politische Alltag ein. Das Problem aber ist weiterhin ungelöst. Irgendwann wird dieser Konflikt wieder ausbrechen, und keine hastigen diplomatischen Shuttlemissionen werden mehr helfen.
Die Fakten: Die von Präsident Sarkozy im Namen der EU ausgehandelten Bedingungen des Waffenstillstands werden nicht eingehalten. Russland erfüllt seine Verpflichtungen nicht. Moskau hat beide Territorien als Staaten anerkannt und missachtet damit die von der Staatengemeinschaft eingeforderte territoriale Integrität Georgiens. Die russische Wirtschaftsblockade gegenüber Georgien besteht fort. Auch heute dürfen EU-Beobachter nicht die damals umkämpften Gebiete betreten.
Das Interesse Russlands ist eindeutig: Moskau will die volle Kontrolle über die Kaukasusregion, und darum soll die Integration Georgiens in die atlantischen und europäischen Strukturen, also Nato und EU, gebremst werden. Mit dieser Politik ist Moskau bislang erfolgreich - weil wir wegschauen. Das ist ein klassisches Lehrstück in (falsch verstandener) Realpolitik. Offenbar geht es um eine Güterabwägung zwischen unseren Beziehungen zum großen Russland und jenen zum kleinen Georgien. Georgien aber ist keine abhängige Variable des jeweiligen Standes der Beziehungen zu Russland. Deshalb muss die Engstirnigkeit dieser Güterabwägung dringend überwunden werden. Es zahlt sich auf Dauer niemals aus, sich mit Machtverhältnissen zu arrangieren, die auf Unrecht gegründet sind - siehe das Debakel der westlichen Politik im nördlichen Afrika.
Glaubwürdigkeit ist in der Politik das höchste Gut. Im Falle Georgiens heißt das, dass die westliche Politik erstens auf der Einhaltung der Waffenstillstandsbedingungen bestehen und sich zur territorialen Integrität Georgiens bekennen muss, wie es jüngst der US-Senat demonstriert hat. Zweitens muss die westliche Politik für die Aufhebung der Wirtschaftsblockade eintreten. Hier bietet die von Russland angestrebte WTO-Mitgliedschaft einen guten Ansatzpunkt. Und drittens - wohl das Wichtigste - muss Georgien eine verlässliche europäische Perspektive geboten werden.
Die EU kann und muss sehr viel mehr tun als bisher. Sie kann ihre politische und wirtschaftliche Präsenz in Georgien erhöhen. Sie kann die beeindruckenden Reformen intensiver unterstützen und sollte dabei nicht vergessen, was sie im Zuge der Osterweiterung gelernt hat: Die Reformfähigkeit der Länder im Osten Europas hängt von der Verlässlichkeit der Angebote der EU ab. Und natürlich gehört Georgien auf die Agenda des Dialogs zwischen der EU und Russland - als Ausdruck des Engagements der EU für die Stabilität der Kaukasusregion. Der Kaukasus braucht keine externen Schutzmächte, sondern die Befriedung seiner Völker. Sonst werden sich die Wunden nicht schließen. Wenn die EU ihrem Anspruch, ein ernst zu nehmender Akteur und Stabilitätsgarant zu sein, gerecht werden will, dann eröffnet sich für sie im Fall Georgiens ein wichtiges Betätigungsfeld.

3. JAHRESTAG DER RUSSISCHEN INVASION 2008
Drei Jahre nach dem Georgien-Krieg - Moskaus neue Realitäten - 08.08.11, FAZ
Heute vor drei Jahren begann der Krieg zwischen Russland und Georgien. Mittlerweile hat Moskau viel erreicht: Zwei Protektorate sind im Südkaukasus entstanden - und Amerika scheint nicht mehr aktiv die Unteilbarkeit Georgiens einzufordern. Der russische Präsident Medwedjew hat sich gut ein Jahr Zeit gelassen, um die Stützpunktverträge mit Abchasien und Südossetien, den beiden abtrünnigen Provinzen Georgiens, dem Parlament zur Billigung vorzulegen. ... Dabei spielt es kaum eine Rolle, dass die beiden georgischen Gebiete bislang nur von Russland und einigen unbedeutenden Ländern als unabhängige Staaten anerkannt worden sind.
Viel wichtiger war den Russen, die „neuen völkerrechtlichen Realitäten“ dazu zu nutzen, um die Waffenstillstandsvereinbarungen zwischen Moskau und Tiflis auszuhebeln, die damals vom französischen Präsidenten Sarkozy ausgehandelt worden waren. Darin war vorgesehen, dass die georgische und die russische Kriegspartei ihr Militär auf die Positionen vor dem Krieg zurücknehmen. Ebenso sollten unbewaffnete Beobachter der EU beiderseits der Verwaltungsgrenzen zwischen „Kerngeorgien“ sowie Abchasien und Südossetien die Einhaltung des Waffenstillstands beobachten dürfen. Für sie ist jedoch an den „neuen Staatsgrenzen“ Schluss mit den Patrouillen. ...
Präsident Saakashvili und Patriarch Ilia II. gedenken der im Krieg getöteten Soldaten - 08.08.11, Rustavi 2
Georgian President commemorated Monday the heroes killed in the August war in 2008. The president together with Georgia`s Catholicos Patriarch Ilia II, arrived at Mukhatgverdi cemetery of the soldiers killed in the war today. They laid flowers of the tombs of the soldiers and expressed their condolences to the families of the heroes. Ilia II was accompanied by a group of choristers at teh cemetery. They chanted few hymns in honour of the soldiers killed in the war.
Family members and friends of the soldiers killed in the war also started assembling at Mukhatgverdi cemetery since today morning. They recalled with deepest pain the tragic events that took place in August 2008 and commemorated the heroes killed in the Russia-Georgia war.
Rally against Russian aggression held in Vilnius, Lithuania - 08.08.11, Rustavi 2
Rally against Russian aggression held in Istanbul, Turkey - 08.08.11, Rustavi 2
Georgians in Greece rallied against Russian aggression - 08.08.11, Rustavi 2
Heroes killed in war commemorated in Gori town - 08.08.11, Rustavi 2
August war victims commemorated in Kutaisi - 08.08.11, Rustavi 2
Memorial to fallen soldiers to be erected in Lanchkhuti - 08.08.11, Rustavi 2
Presentation of book on Russia-Georgia information war held in Tbilisi - 07.08.11, Rustavi 2
"Russia-Georgia: Information War. August 2008", the book by journalist Oleg Panphilov has been presented in the National Museum in Tbilisi.
The book comprises only part of the materials on August 2008 military actions, in particular, few years of the information was that preceded the war in 2008, as well as the materials that were part of the five-day war.
The book tells about violation of journalists` rights, also results of the monitoring of the facts when Russia used media for propaganda against Georgia.
A great part of the work refers to the results of the sociological surveys conducted in Russia.
Georgia-Russia: Learn to Live like Neighbours - 08.08.11, crisisgroup.org
... Meanwhile, to improve security in and around Abkhazia and South Ossetia, the international community should: continue to press Moscow to withdraw to positions held before the 2008 conflict, facilitate the return home of displaced persons and allow the EUMM full access to South Ossetia and Abkhazia; and encourage the parties to exchange information on their security forces and their movements in areas near the ABLs.
International Crisis Group stellt Bericht vor - 08.08.2011, georgien-aktuell.de
Anlässlich des dritten Jahrestages des Kriegsbeginns zwischen Russland und Georgien hat die „International Crisis Group“ (ICG) beide Länder aufgefordert, an den Verhandlungstisch zurückzukehren um die Spannungen im gegenseitigen Verhältnis zu lösen. In einer heute veröffentlichten Erklärung macht die NGO mit Sitz in Brüssel deutlich, dass sich durch den fehlenden Kontakt das Misstrauen zwischen beiden Ländern erhöht und damit zu einer Verschärfung der Lage beigetragen habe.
Die gemeinsamen Interessen von Russland und Georgien sowie die seit Kriegsende bereits geschlossenen Abkommen stellten aus Sicht der ICG hingegen eine gute Grundlage für die Aufnahme von Verhandlungen über weitere Themen, insbesondere die Sicherheitspolitik dar. Ebenso könnte eine dritte Partei, zum Beispiel die Schweiz, derartige Konsultationen nach dem Vorbild der Genfer Gespräche zwischen Russland und Georgien moderieren.
Zunächst müsse aber vor allem die sicherheitspolitische Lage in den besetzten georgischen Gebieten Abchasien und Südossetien verbessert werden. Hierfür ist es aus Sicht der ICG notwendig, dass Russland die Bedingungen des Waffenstillstandsabkommens von 2008 umsetzt, die Rückkehr der Binnenflüchtlinge in ihre Heimatgebiete unterstützt sowie der EU Monitoring Mission (EUMM) Zugang zu den besetzen Gebieten gewährt. Quelle: International Crisis Group
Georgia-Russia: Learn to Live like Neighbours - 08.08.11, crisisgroup.org
Three years after their August 2008 war over the South Ossetia region, tension is growing again between Russia and Georgia, and talks are needed to restore stability and create positive momentum in a situation that is fragile and potentially explosive. Diplomatic relations are suspended, and the two have only started limited negotiations, with Swiss mediation, on Russia’s World Trade Organisation (WTO) membership. Yet, they share interests in improving regional security, trade and transport and should start discussions on these rather than continuing to exchange hostile rhetoric that only makes renewed dialogue more difficult. ... Meanwhile, to improve security in and around Abkhazia and South Ossetia, the international community should: continue to press Moscow to withdraw to positions held before the 2008 conflict, facilitate the return home of displaced persons and allow the EUMM full access to South Ossetia and Abkhazia; and encourage the parties to exchange information on their security forces and their movements in areas near the ABLs.
Russlands Aggression gegen Georgien startete in 90er Jahren - 08.08.11, news.am
Tengiz Sharmanashvili, georgischer Botschafter in Armenien äußerte sich anlässlich des dritten Jahrestages der russischen Inavsion in Georgien. Auszüge aus seinem Statement: Die russische Aggression begann bereits in den 90er Jahren des vorigen Jahrhunderts mit der militärischen Unterstützung antigeorgischer Kräfte in den abtrünnigen Gebieten Abchasien und "Südossetien" als Antwort auf den georgischen Drang zur EU und in die NATO. Tausende Georgier wurden aus ihrer Heimat vertrieben. Russland stationierte dauerhaft Truppen in den Gebieten. Im April 2008 (vier Monate vor der Invasion) stockte Moskau seine Einheiten in den abtrünnigen Gebieten erheblich auf. Initiativen zur friedlichen Beilegung des Konfliktes stießen im Kreml auf taube Ohren.
Am 7. August 2008 starteten die russischen Truppen schließlich ihren lange geplanten Angriff auf Georgien und drangen schließlich bis weit ins Innere Georgiens vor. Russische Kampfflugzeuge bombardierten militärische und zivile Ziele in Tbilisi, Gori und Marneuli. Am 12. August 2008 gelang es dem französischen Präsidenten Sarkozy die russische Aggression, der 396 Georgier zum Opfer fielen, zu stoppen. 140.000 ethnische Georgier wurden zu Vertriebenen. Russland baut seine militärische Präsenz in den besetzten Gebieten ständig aus. Seit 2009 wurden zudem 12 terroristische Sabotageakte in Georgien von russischen Spezialeinheiten durchgeführt.

Russ. Präsident Medvedev zu den Beziehungen mit Georgien - 05.08.2011, Civil Georgia
Russland sei bereit, den Schweizer Vorschlag zu den WTO-Gesprächen anzunehmen; mehrere Äußerungen gegen den georg. Präsidenten Saakashvili; aktuell keine legalen oder faktischen Voraussetzungen für einen Anschluss Südossetiens an Russland ...

Construction of railway Baku-Tbilisi-Kars to be completed in 2012 - 05.08.2011, PanARMENIAN.Net
 Construction of Baku-Tbilisi-Kars railway, linking territories of Azerbaijan, Georgia and Turkey, will be completed in 2012, according to Minister of Infrastructure and Regional Development of Georgia Ramaz Nikolaishvili.

The completion of a railway station construction in Akhalkalaki, a city on the south of Georgia, is expected on the same time. “This project is important for development of Georgian infrastructure. In a short period of time, cargo from China will be delivered to European markets by transit through Georgia,” Nikolaishvili said. ... In the framework of Baku-Tbilisi-Kars project, it is planned to construct a new 105 km long branch of the railway, 76 km of which will pass through the territory of Turkey, while 29 km through the territory of Georgia.
Moreover, the 183 km long segment of Akhalkalaki-Marabda-Tbilisi railway in Georgia is under reconstruction aimed to increase shipping capacity up to 15 mln. tons of goods annually. Also, in Akhalkalaki, it is planned to build a transit point for moving trains from Georgian track to European. Turkish side assumed responsibility to finance railway design works.

Georgien: Ein Land im Aufbruch - 03.08.2011, European Circle
Zusammenfassung der witschaftlichen Entwicklung seit 1991:
... Die Georgische Botschaft in Berlin sieht vor allem die Korruptionsbekämpfung als Schlüssel zum wirtschaftlichen Erfolg: “Durch die sehr investitionsfreundlichen Strukturen wurde ein Klima geschaffen, das die Entwicklung der Wirtschaft fördert.” Derzeit steigt das Bruttoinlandsprodukt um rund 5,5%, die Inflationsrate verringerte sich auf 8,5%. Durch Reformen des Steuersystems und Vereinfachungen bei der Unternehmensgründung, wurden Investoren gewonnen und die Steuereinnahmen erhöht. ... Neben Deutschland und China sind es vor allem die Türkei, die Ukraine und Aserbaidschan, die georgische Produkte importieren und das Land mit Energie versorgen. ... Auf lange Sicht ist die ökonomische Emanzipation von Russland gelungen ...

Am 2. August sendet der Musik-Kanal MTV live aus Batumi:
MTV Live Georgia Welcomes Enrique Iglesias To Black Sea Concert In Batumi
Thousands of Georgian fans will descend upon Batumi for this first ever global superstar event at the Black Sea. Video auf YouTube

Wladimir Kaminer trinkt lieber georgischen Wein als Wodka - 01.08.2011, shortnews.de/Focus/Zeit                 >>georgischer Wein
Der 44-jährige russischstämmige Autor Wladimir Kaminer ("Russendisco") bekannte in einem Interview für den "Tagesspiegel", dass er georgischen Wein anderen Weinen und auch dem in seiner Ex-Heimat Russland so beliebten Wodka vorzieht.    Wodka sei ein "Fluchtversuch" und habe mit Kultur nichts zu tun, sagte er. Seiner Meinung nach werde zu wenig georgischer Wein getrunken. Der sei beispielsweise besser als die italienischen "Macho-Weine".    Außerdem müsse man die Schwächeren unterstützen. Bordeaux werde auf der Welt schon genug getrunken.

Resolution zur Okkupation im US-Senat verabschiedet - 30.07.2011, Civil Georgia
In der Resolution wird Georgiens territoriale Integrität unterstützt und Abchasien und Südosseten als "von Russland besetzte Regionen" anerkannt. ...
The U.S. Senate unanimously passed on July 29 a resolution supporting Georgia’s territorial integrity and recognizing Abkhazia and South Ossetia as regions “occupied by the Russian Federation”.

The resolution, S. RES. 175, was sponsored by Democratic Senator Jeanne Shaheen and Republican Senator Lindsay Graham. The both Senators are co-chair of Georgia Task Force at the U.S. think-tank Atlantic Council - a bipartisan group aimed at promoting policy debate on Georgia.
“Today, the Senate spoke with one voice in support of Georgia’s territorial integrity,” Senator Shaheen said on July 29.  “While I am pleased by the Senate’s action and the clear message we are sending to Georgia and the Russian Federation, the situation there remains fragile and unresolved, as Russian troops are still occupying Georgia’s Abkhazia and South Ossetia regions.”
Georgia’s ambassador to the United States, Temur Yakobashvili, praised the resolution.
“This document is a very solid and firm foundation for de-occupation of the Georgian territories,” Yakobashvili said. ...

Georgien/Russland: Russischer Patriarch stellt sich gegen den Kreml - 29.07.2011, shortnews
Am vergangenen Dienstag kam es zu einem Zusammentreffen der beiden Oberhäupter der russisch-orthodoxen und der georgisch-orthodoxen Kirche in Kiew.
Der Moskauer Kirchenführer Kyrill I. betonte dabei Medienberichten zufolge die Vorrangstellung der georgischen Kirche in den zwischen Russland und Georgien umstrittenen, von Georgien abtrünnigen Gebieten Abchasien und Südossetien.
Damit stellte sich Kyrill gegen die Position der russischen Regierung, die die beiden Gebiete zu selbständigen Staaten machen will. Sein georgischer Amtskollege Ilia II. lobte die Gespräche als guten Start zur Lösung der bestehenden Probleme.

Ökotourismus-Georgien auf Platz 12 weltweit - 28.07.2011, presa.ge

RUSSLAND AN BOMBENANSCHLAG 2010 VOR US-BOTSCHAFT BETEILIGT ?
Russland erklärt, dass Berichte um seine Beteiligung bei dem Anschlag nahe der US-Botschaft in Tbilisi am 22.09.10 'Propaganda' seien
A report by the Washington Times that the U.S. intelligence agencies corroborated findings of the Georgian authorities which traced an explosion close to the U.S. embassy in Tbilisi to a Russian military officer, is an attempt to stir new wave of "propaganda hype", Grigory Karasin, the Russian deputy foreign minister, said on July 28. ...
USA/Russland: Diplomatische Krise wegen Anschlag auf US-Botschaft? - 29.07.2011, shortnews
Der amerikanische Geheimdienst CIA soll laut Medienbrichten Erkenntnisse besitzen, dass der russische Geheimdienst GRU in einen Anschlag auf die US-Botschaft in der georgischen Hauptstadt Tiflis verwickelt war.
US-Senatoren fordern nun eine umfassende Aufklärung. Die weitere amerikanisch-russische Zusammenarbeit bei der Raketenabwehr oder dem WTO-Beitritt Russlands könnten beeinträchtigt werden. Es droht eine ernste diplomatische Krise.
Classified report: Russia tied to blast at U.S. embassy - 27.07.2011, Washington Times
U.S. intelligence agencies concluded in a classified report late last year that Russia’s military intelligence was responsible for a bomb blast that occurred at an exterior wall of the U.S. Embassy in Tbilisi, Georgia, in September.
The highly classified report about the Sept. 22 incident was described to The Washington Times by two U.S. officials who have read it. They said the report supports the findings of the Georgian Interior Ministry, which traced the bombing to a Russian military intelligence officer.
The Times reported last week that Shota Utiashvili, director of information and analysis for the Georgian Interior Ministry, said the embassy blast and others in his country were the work of a Russian military intelligence officer named Maj. Yevgeny Borisov.
“It is written without hedges, and it confirms the Georgian account,” said one U.S. official familiar with the U.S. intelligence report.
This official added that it specifically says the Russian military intelligence, or GRU, coordinated the bombings.
Another official who read a three-page summary of the report said it mentions Maj. Borisov once and connects him to the bombings.
Yevgeny Khorishko, a spokesman for the Russian Embassy in Washington, dismissed the Georgian charges last week. “All these rounds of allegations are absolutely false and baseless,” he said. ...
The State Department has pressed the issue at the most senior levels of Russia's Foreign Ministry, according to two Obama administration officials.
“Those events — the embassy bombing and other alleged bombings — have been raised with the Russians at a high level and they have been raised with the Georgians at a high level,” one administration official said. “It’s not necessarily pointing a finger, but part of a dialogue expressing our deep concerns.” ...
The allegations of Russian foul play against Americans are not new. A Jan. 30, 2009, cable from U.S. Ambassador John Beyrle first disclosed by the anti-secrecy website WikiLeaks accuses Russia’s Federal Security Service of waging an intimidation campaign against an official at the National Democratic Institute.

Tamta Liparteliani wird für tot erklärt: sie wurde unter den Toten des Massakers auf der Insel Utøya in Norwegen identifiziert - 27.07.2011, Civil Georgia
Anschlag auf das Jugendcamp in Norwegen: zwei Georgierinnen auf der Insel, eine überlebt, eine wird noch verrmisst - 23.07.2011, Civil Georgia
Natia Chkhetiani berichtet von der Insel Utøya an Rustavi2, dass sie ihre Freundin Tamta Liparteliani noch kurz vor dem Anschlag gesehen hätte. Die beiden sind Mitglieder der Jungsozialisten Georgiens und nahmen an der Veranstaltung auf der Insel teil. Natia Chkhetiani berichtet, sie habe sich entlang der Küste versteckt, nachdem sie gesehen hatte, wie ein Junge, der ins Wasser gesprungen, war erschossen wurde. Sie traute sich selbst nach der Ankunft der Polizei mit Booten nicht sofort aus dem Versteck, da der Angreifer selbst eine Polizeiuniform trug. ...

Ökotourismus-Georgien auf Platz 12 weltweit - 28.07.2011, presa.ge
საქართველოს ულამაზესი ლანდშაფტები და უნიკალური ბიომრავალფეროვნება ეკოტურიზმის განვითარებისთვის უპირველესი ფაქტორია. საქართველოს ყველა პირობა გააჩნია საიმისოდ, რომ ტურიზმის ამ მიმართულებამ პოპულარობა მოიპოვოს. ამას ხელს ისიც უწყობს, რომ 2011 წლის ტურისტულ სეზონს, დაცული ტერიტორიების სააგენტო განახლებული ინფრასტრუქტურით ხვდება. ...


Ex-Verteidigungsminister Irakli Okruashvili kritisiert seinen ehemaligen Verbündeten Levan Gachechiladze scharf und nennt ihn einen "Verräter" im Zusammenhang mit den Protesten im Mai - 23.07.2011, Civil Georgia
In einem Interview mit Maestro TV äußert er sich aus seinem franz. Asyl zu den Plänen, wie im Juni die Regierung Saakashvili "zu einem Ende gebracht" hätte werden sollen. Die konkreten Pläne seiner Rückkehr nach Georgien und eines Szenarios zur Ausführung der Tat seien durch Levan Gachechiladze verraten worden. ...
Ex-defense minister and co-founder of the opposition Georgian Party, Irakli Okruashvili, said failure of his party “to put an end” to President Saakashvili’s government this May was a result of “treason” by his former ally Levan Gachechiladze, who until early June was co-leader of the Georgian Party.
During the street protests in late May, Okruashvili, who lives in France after being granted political asylum there three years ago, announced about the intention to arrive in Georgia “to put an end to the Saakashvili’s regime.” Few days after that announcement Okruashvili, however, said he was dropping plans to return.
“A very concrete plan of my arrival existed,” Okruashvili said in an interview with Tbilisi-based Maestro TV, recorded in Paris and aired on July 22. “There was a concrete scenario to accomplish the deed – that is hitting such a blow to the authorities that would have put an end to these authorities.”
“The reason why this scenario has failed and the reason why I was not able to return to Georgia is treason,” he said. “This scenario – when and how I was returning and we were planning – was revealed and passed to the authorities… There is one person whom you can bluntly call a traitor – that is Levan Gachechiladze.”
Okruashvili, who is wanted in Georgia as three years ago was sentenced to eleven-year prison in absentia, is now facing separate, new charges in Georgia. In June he was charged with formation of illegal armed group.
Okruashvili said that new charges against him were “ridiculous” and “fabrication.” He accused authorities of “repressions” against people affiliated with him, saying that the police arrested about 26 people for fabricated charges “just because they were my friends.”
He acknowledged that the failure of the Georgian Party to live up to its promise of “putting an end to the Saakashvili’s regime” was a blow for him and the Georgian Party. He said his party now needs to recover from this damage, which would take several months.
“By mid or late September we will know whether or not we will be able to recover by end of autumn,” Okruashvili said.
In the same interview he criticized ex-parliamentary speaker Nino Burjanadze, who led the street protests in May, which came to a violent end after riot police broke it. Okruashvili said of Burjanadze: “I’ve never held her in high regard; she has never had even 0.1 grams of brain.”
In the interview with Maestro TV, Okruashvili also slammed U.S. ambassador to Georgia, John Bass, suggesting that the latter’s remarks hours before the demonstration was broken up on May 26 amounted to giving a green light to the authorities to use force against protesters.
“The break up of the May [26 protest rally] and other misfortunes happing today in the country – I mean repressions – is first and foremost on conscience of John Bass,” Okruashvili said.
A similar allegation was voiced earlier by chairman of the Georgian Party Sozar Subari. The U.S. ambassador said in early June that such allegations were “unfounded”.

Russlands Flughafenbetreiber Novaport übernimmt Flughafen außerhalb von Suchumi im abtrünnigen Abchasien - 22.07.2011, Civil Georgia

EU-Erweiterungskommissar Stefan Füle hält Rede auf der Batumi-Konferenz - 22.07.2011, Civil Georgia
As prepared
8th International Conference on 'Georgia's European Way'
Batumi, Georgia, 22 July 2011
Mr President, Distinguished Guests, Ladies and Gentlemen,
I am happy to be here in Batumi with you today. Batumi is a fine symbol of the great Georgian hospitality that I enjoy so much and remember so fondly from this same conference two years ago.
I am also happy to be here to discuss openly Georgia’s European way and its aspirations, needs and practices.
Let me first briefly present to you the main results of the European Neighbourhood Policy review. This can be summed up in four ideas: deep democracy, mutual accountability, conditionality and differentiation, or the "more for more" approach.
Through this renewed approach, the EU agrees to provide greater support to partners engaged in building deep and sustainable democracy, to boost inclusive economic development and to strengthen both the Eastern and the Southern dimensions of the ENP, in particular in the areas of democracy, human rights and the rule of law. This increased support will depend on the willingness of partners to engage and their progress towards reforms.
There is a specific dimension of the European Neighbourhood Policy for the East - the Eastern Partnership that serves as the platform for engagement with Georgia and other neighbours in the Eastern parts of Europe.
How will this renewed approach be translated into the Eastern Partnership?
Within the limits of the time available, let me give you just four elements that I consider essential:
First, the Association Agreements: these are being negotiated with our Eastern partners and will remain the cornerstone of our relationship. However, in some cases, these far reaching and very complex agreements take a long time to negotiate. Under this renewed policy, we will need to identify tools that will allow us to bridge these long periods and intensify engagement with our partners.
Second, Civil Society and its role in pursuing the goals of the Eastern Partnership. The Eastern Partnership Civil Society Forum and its National Platforms are essential to promote the Eastern Partnership’s values, and we should strengthen their involvement. I am personally committed to additional support being provided to civil society in partner countries. For this purpose, we intend to establish a Civil Society Facility and a European Endowment for Democracy, in order to consolidate the role of civil society actors, including those which have not been able to benefit from EU support so far. I will also encourage the EU delegations in partner countries to launch a structured political dialogue with National Platforms.
Third, conflicts: comprehensive and concerted use of the whole toolbox that is now at the EU's disposal will allow us to contribute meaningfully to the resolution of protracted conflicts existing in Eastern Partnership countries.
Fourth, enhanced regional cooperation: it was actually President Saakashvili who had inspired us to seriously consider developping a forum for regular interaction between Eastern Partnership countries and the EU at the appropriate level and on a wide range of issues, creating a better connection between bilateral and multilateral tracks of the Eastern Partnership. ...
The Batumi Conference – Zwei Monate vor dem Gipfel zur "östlichen Partnerschaft" - 21.07.2011, Civil Georgia
Author: Stefan Füle, EU Commissioner for Enlargement and European neighbourhood Policy
This July, like in previous years, friends of Georgia from all over Europe will gather in Batumi for what has become a regular feature of our relationship. The 8th ‘Georgia’s European Way‘ Conference takes place this week and is set to be yet a not-to-be-missed event for those who build, day after day, negotiation after negotiation, the European future of Georgia.
The choice that Georgia has made to work towards integration with Europe is a source of pride and hope. It is a source of pride because it is not an easy choice. It requires resolute reforms to take place now. It is also a source of hope because no one can doubt that the benefits will be there. The choice of democracy and the rule of law, the choice of an open economy are the essential elements of stability and prosperity. Recent events in the Southern Mediterranean show us that these values are increasingly seen by citizens, wherever they live, as their own.
The relationship between Georgia and the European Union is close, strong and dynamic, and it is based on clear common objectives, namely the consolidation of democracy and the affirmation of territorial integrity. We need to move on many fronts, including towards free trade and more freedom of movement. None of this is easy these days, and many technical difficulties need to be solved before the objective can become a tangible reality. What matters most is that we are making progress, and that we are more than ever determined to push forward.
The 2011 edition of the Batumi Conference comes at a crucial time. At the end of September leaders of Georgia and the other countries of the Eastern Partnership will meet in Warsaw with their European Union counterparts. ...

NEUER SPIONAGEFALL - VIER FOTOGRAFEN AUS DEM UMFELD DES PRÄSIDENTEN
Fotographen schuldig gesprochen, frei wegen Strafprozessvereinbarung - 22.07.2011, Civil Georgia
After fifteen days of detention three photojournalists, charged with espionage for Russia, were found guilty and released from courtroom as the judge approved plea agreements between them and the prosecution on July 22.
Few hours before the Tbilisi City Court sitting, which lasted for about fifty minutes, the Chief Prosecutor’s Office announced on July 22 that it had agreed on plea bargain terms with the photographers and would request the court for conditional sentences for the defendants.
Zurab Kurtsikidze, a photographer for the Frankfurt-based European Pressphoto Agency (EPA) was sentenced to two-year conditional sentence. Giorgi Abdaladze, a freelancer who also was a contract photographer with the Georgian Foreign Ministry and Irakli Gedenidze, who was personal photographer for President Saakashvili, received three-year conditional sentences. Gedenidze’s wife, Natia Gedenidze, also a photojournalist arrested in connection to the same case on July 7 but released on bail two days later, received six-month conditional sentence.
They remain under probation and have no right to leave the country. The court decision on approving plea agreement is final and parties cannot appeal it, the judge said.
When considering a motion for plea agreement, court does not hold hearing of a case in substance; judge should make sure that the plea bargain deal is not concluded upon coercion.
During the session in a courtroom, packed with reporters, prosecutor Nodar Grigalashvili read out the prosecution’s motion. The prosecution justified request for conditional sentences for the defendants, citing that they provided the Interior Ministry’s counter-intelligence unit with valuable information, including “names of some agents” working for the Russian intelligence.   
Defendants told the judge that they agreed with plea bargain deals and that it was not concluded upon coercion.
Hours before the court’s decision and just before the prosecution’s announcement about its motion on plea agreements, it emerged that Giorgi Abdaladze dismissed two of his lawyers Eka Beselia and Lado Macharashvili.
Beselia has made number of public statements in recent days claiming that Abdaladze was under “pressure” by the investigation and prosecution pressing him to demand recusal of Beselia. She also said that Abdaladze, who was initially strongly insisting on his innocence, had to give confession statement after “psychological pressure”.
Eka Beselia, who was a practicing lawyer before going into politics in 2007 when she joined ex-defense minister Irakli Okruashvili’s party but quit it last year, leads an advocacy group Solidarity to Illegal Prisoners. She joined Abdaladze’s defense team to, as she put it, gain access to the case and to monitor it.
Also early on July 22 it emerged that one of the lawyers of Zurab Kurtsikidze pulled out from the case. Kurtsikidze’s former lawyer, Nino Andriashvili, who works for the Tbilisi-based watchdog Human Rights Center, said she had decided to withdraw from the case. She said that Kurtsikidze gave his confession statement as a result of pressure exerted on him by the investigation and that his testimony was not a result of his free will.
The prosecution said that apart of confession statements made by the accused, the investigation obtained number of other evidence to prove its case against the photographers.
Before the court’s decision, the Georgian Chief Prosecutor’s Office released through its website on July 22 several confidential documents with blacked-out words and phrases, claimed to be retrieved from the defendants’ personal computers and electronic data storage devices.

Büro des Staatsanwalts hat einer Strafprozessvereinbarung im Fall aller drei verhafteten Fotographen zugestimmt - 22.07.2011, Civil Georgia
Haftstrafen von 2-3 Jahren für die Fotografen Zurab Kurtsikidze, Giorgi Abdaladze und Irakli Gedenidze, sowie ein halbes Jahr für Gedenidze’s Ehefrau Natia Gedenidze.
Verhafteter Fotograf Giorgi Abdaladze macht 'Schuldanerkenntnis' - 16.07.2011, Civil Georgia
Innenministerium gibt einige Details des Falls um die verhafteten Fotografen bekannt - 09.07.2011, Civil Georgia
The Georgian Ministry of Internal Affairs (MIA) said on July 9, that one of the arrested photographers had links with the Russian military intelligence and two others were providing him with confidential information, including, among others, photos of technical drawings of the presidential palace and travel routes of President Saakashvili.
In a statement the ministry said that Zurab Kurtsikidze, a photographer working for the Frankfurt-based European Pressphoto Agency (EPA), “has links with employees of the Russian Federation’s military intelligence [GRU] A. Sinitsin and S. Okrokov, who are wanted by the Georgian law enforcement agencies for espionage charges.”
Two others, who were charged with espionage and sent to pre-trial detention on July 9, are Irakli Gedenidze, who was a personal photographer of President Saakashvili and Giorgi Abdaladze, a freelancer also working with the Foreign Ministry.
Anwalt Natia Gedenidze: ein Fotograf freigelassen, drei angeklagt wegen Spionage  - 09.07.2011, Civil Georgia
Präsidentensprecherin Manan Manjgaladze: Fotographen verhaftet wegen Weitergabe von Information zu vertraulichen Vorgängen an Spionagenetzwerk  - 08.07.2011, Civil Georgia
Vier Fotojournalisten verhaftet wegen Anklagen wegen Spionage  - 07.07.2011, Civil Georgia
Drei georgische Fotoreporter wegen Spionage festgenommen -
07.07.2011, NZZ
Männer haben angeblich geheime Regierungs-Informationen preisgegeben:
In Georgien sind drei Fotografen verhaftet worden, die angeblich für Russland spioniert haben sollen. Unter den Verdächtigen befindet sich der persönliche Fotograf des Präsidenten Saakaschwili. Er hat sich in einer Fernsehsendung als schuldig bezeichnet...

Tbilisi verurteilt den Besuch des russ. Verteidigungsministers Lavrov in Sokhumi - 16.07.2011, Civil Georgia
Der Besuch zeige, dass Russland nie beabsichtigt habe, seine Waffenstillstandsverpflichtungen von 2008 zu erfüllen. ...

Russlands Feinde heißen USA, China und Georgien - 15.07.2011, Russland aktuell

Rund die Hälfte der Russen fühlt sich bedroht. Das geht aus einer Umfrage des Meinungsforschungsinstitus FOM hervor. Zwei Großmächte und einen kleinen kaukasischen Nachbarn haben die Russen zu ihren gefährlichsten Feinden gekürt. ...

Studie zur Situation ethnischer Georgier in Abchasien veröffentlicht
- 15.07.2011, Georgien aktuell
Human Rights Watch kritisiert Diskriminierungen durch Besatzungsregime
Eine heute veröffentlichte Studie der Menschenrechtsorganisation „Human Rights Watch“ kommt zu dem Ergebnis, dass die de-facto Verwaltung des besetzten georgischen Gebiets Abchasien massiv und kontinuierlich die Rechte der dort lebenden ethnischen Georgier verletzt. Betroffen seien davon  insbesondere der Zugang zu Bildung und Arbeitsmöglichkeiten sowie das Recht auf freie Bewegung. Letzteres werde vor allem dadurch eingeschränkt, dass ethnische Georgier, die aus dem besetzten Gebiet in andere Regionen Georgiens reisen wollen, hierfür Sondergenehmigungen bei der de-facto Verwaltung beantragen müssten.
Darüber hinaus ergab die Studie, dass ethnische Georgier in Abchasien sehr häufig Opfer von bewaffneten Raubüberfällen, Entführung und Erpressung werden. Dieser „Zustand ständiger Angst“ könne dazu führen, dass sich viele der ethnischen Georgier dazu gezwungen sehen, ihre Heimat dauerhaft zu verlassen.
In der Folge des August-Kriegs von 2008 wurden über 200.000 Menschen aus Abchasien vertrieben. Viele von ihnen müssen immer noch in Flüchtlingscamps leben, da das von Russland unterstütze Besatzungsregime in Abchasien eine Rückkehr dieser Menschen in ihre Heimatgebiete nicht gestattet.
'Leben in der Vorhölle' - 71-seitiger Bericht von Human Rights Watch zu Gali - 15.07.2011, Civil Georgia
Arbitrary interference by the Abkhaz authorities with the rights of ethnic Georgians living in Gali district of the breakaway region has been “a serious obstacle for a larger scale, sustainable returns” of displaced people, according to a report by the Human Rights Watch released on July 15.
The 71-page report documents key human rights concerns for the Georgians of Gali, involving “discriminatory” system for enjoying range of civil and political rights, as well as restrictions on freedom of movement and access to Georgian-language education.
“Ethnic Georgians from Gali overwhelmingly conveyed to Human Rights Watch a sense of acute vulnerability to theft, kidnapping for ransom, armed robbery, extortion and other crimes,” reads the report, which is also based on interviews with more than hundred of Gali residents conducted on both sides of the administrative border.
The New-York based rights group said that a failure from the Abkhaz authorities to recognize and protect rights of ethnic Georgian returnees in Gali district would “at best cause tens of thousands of people to live in a constant state of anxiety and limbo” and “at worst, it could force large numbers of Abkhazia’s ethnic Georgians to leave their homes forever.”
About 45,000 or 47,000 Georgians are believed to have returned to Gali district spontaneously. The report notes that there is no reliable system of registering returnees.
Commuting back and forth across the administrative boundary line is important for many Georgians in Gali, because while they may live in the breakaway region, they visit relatives, receive Georgian government’s social benefits, medical care and in some cases attend schools on the other side of the administrative border, mainly in Zugdidi district.
“However, since August 2008 the Abkhaz authorities have restricted returnees’ ability to commute across the boundary by eliminating three of the four ‘official’ crossing points, and by requiring special crossing permits for those who do not possess Abkhaz passports,” according to the report.
Those willing to obtain special crossing permits have to go to the town of Gali – an expensive, time-consuming and burdensome process for those living in the villages of the district. The report brings an example in which if a resident of Pirveli Otabaia village, which is less than two kilometers from the administrative border, wants to get such crossing permit, it will require a resident to make 28-km drive to the town of Gali, which will take two hours because of road’s poor condition.
The permit costs 100 rubles, or about USD 3.5, but in fact anyone willing to cross the administrative border has to pay twice more in a form of bribe, according to the report; if the necessary documents expired then the bribe can be up to USD 35 for crossing the administrative border on the Enguri bridge, which is now regarded by the Abkhaz authorities as the only “legal” crossing point.
“Abkhaz border guards do sometimes solicit bribes from Gali residents to sneak them through Russian patrols at unofficial border crossings,” according to the report.
The authorities in Abkhazia say that restrictions on movement is a temporary measure and there would be five “legal border crossing points” after the Russian border guards complete development of the border infrastructure.
The Human Rights Watch says that access to Georgian-language education for ethnic Georgians in Gali district “is also restricted.”
“Access to Georgian-language education was a primary concern to most of those interviewed by Human Rights Watch in Gali district and largely influences their decision about whether to stay in Gali or leave,” the report says.
In upper Gali district, according to the report, Russian gradually replaced Georgian as the main language of instruction. Several schools in upper Gali, however, continue to unofficially teach in Georgian, except when they are inspected by the local authorities.
“[These schools] keep two registries, one in Russian and the other in Georgian. However teachers and principals risk disciplinary action, including dismissal, for doing this,” the report says.
Eleven schools in lower Gali district continue to teach in Georgian, which is permitted by the local authorities mainly because they do not have the resources to provide those schools with Russian-speaking teachers, according to the report. But their future status as Georgian-language schools remains uncertain.
“Teachers and parents worry that as the Abkhaz authorities devote more resources to ensuring Russian as the language of instruction in all schools in Gali, Georgian-language schools will disappear altogether,” the report says.
The report also says that although the Abkhaz authorities emphasize that they do not compel anyone to obtain Abkhaz citizenship, “by putting in place a system that requires an individual to obtain the Abkhaz passport in order to enjoy certain rights, the authorities are arbitrarily interfering with those rights.”

Nach Gottesdienst in der Sameba-Kirche am Nachmittag wieder Protestmarsch Gläubiger gegen das Gesetz zum Status religiöser Minderheiten - 10.07.2011, Civil Georgia
Patriarch Ilia II. im Gottesdienst: "... Fälle von Angriffen gegen die Kirche und das Verletzen der Kirche sind sehr häufig. ...
Heute wollen wir für unsere Nation und die Kirche predigen, und wir wollen für den Frieden für unsere Behörden und unsere Nation predigen. ..."
Few thousand of people, led by priests from the Georgian Orthodox Church, marched for second day in Tbilisi on Sunday to protest against legislative amendments on legal status of religious minorities in Georgia.
After the Saturday’s protest march, which was one of the largest demonstrations held in Georgia in recent years, Orthodox believers gathered in the Holy Trinity Cathedral to attend a regular Sunday sermon by head of the Georgian Orthodox Church, Patriarch Ilia II.
“Cases of fighting against the Church and humiliating the Church are very frequent,” Ilia II said in his sermon.
“Those who have ever humiliated the Church are punished and they will definitely be punished … The Church will protect you and give you the strength.”
“Historically the Church has always been protecting Georgia and our faith; the Church has always been a huge force and it still is a huge force. This force is not directed against anyone… This force is for making people happy. So we should take care of the Church,” the Georgian Orthodox Church leader said.
“Today we want to pray for our nation, church and pray for the peace for the authorities and our nation,” Ilia II added. ...

Tausende protestieren am 9.7. wegen des Gesetzes zum Status religiöser Minderheiten  - 10.07.2011, Civil Georgia
Der Marsch über die Rustaveli Straße wurde von Priestern der georgisch-orthodoxen Kirche angeführt. ...
Thousands of people, led by priests from the Georgian Orthodox Church, marched in Tbilisi on Saturday evening to protest against legislative amendments on status of religious minorities in Georgia.

The demonstration was one of the largest held in Georgia in recent years.
Participants of the demonstration first gathered outside the Kashveti Church on Rustaveli Avenue and then marched towards the Holy Trinity Cathedral, passing outside the presidential palace.
"Expression of our faith and position should be peaceful; that's what the Church is calling on us - to express what we have to say and to make the authorities hear what we have to say; let's believe that they will heed to our calls," senior cleric from the Georgian Orthodox Church, Mitropolitan Daniel, said while addressing people gathered in the Holy Trinity Cathedral.
The head of the Georgian Orthodox Church, Ilia II, made a brief address to the gathering in the cathedral and said, quoting the New Testament: "Ask and it will be given to you; seek and you will find."
Some priests participating in the demonstration were saying the fact that the legislative amendment was passed with "ignorance" of the Georgian Church's position was one of the major source of concern for them.
Echoing remarks by the Georgian Orthodox Church leader, Patriarch Ilia II, many participants of the July 9 rally were saying that the adopted amendments were "dangerous" for the Church and for the country.
The Georgian Orthodox Church's multiple calls on the authorities not to hurry with adoption of the legislative amendment went unheeded and it was passed with three readings in a course of five days with second and final voting held on July 5. The bill was signed into law by President Saakashvili on the same day and it went into force next day, on July 6.
Developments surrounding the legislative amendments, allowing religious minorities to be registered as legal entities of public law, marked one of the most serious public confrontations between the Georgian Church and President Saakashvili's administration.
The Georgian Orthodox Church and its leader, Ilia II, said for number of times in recent days that they were not against of granting legal status to religious minorities. The Georgian Church, however, was calling for thorough and lengthy discussions over the issue and on the other hand it was also insisting that such move should only have been taken if a similar status was granted to the Georgian Orthodox Church in neighboring countries, in particular the focus was made on Armenia.
Gaining legal status has been long sought by some religious minority groups. The issue has also long been a source of criticism by the human rights and international organizations.
In its April, 2011 resolution on the honoring of obligations and commitments by Georgia, the Parliamentary Assembly of Council of Europe said it was "concerned by the lack of a proper legal status of, and legal protection for, denominations and faiths other than the Georgian Orthodox Church."
The resolution called on Georgia to "adopt a specific law on religion that would offer proper and equal legal status and protection to all faiths and denominations in the country." Although no specific law on religion was adopted, the authorities decided to address the issue through amending civil code by allowing religious minorities to be registered as legal entities of public law.

Holy Trinity Cathedral, July 9. Photo: Guram Muradov/Civil.ge

Präsident Saakashvili äußert sich zu WTO-Gesprächen mit Russland - 09.07.2011, Civil Georgia
Die int. Überwachung des Handels über die strittigen Grenzen sei ein "minimaler Preis" für den WTO-Beitritt Russland. "Wir wollen nicht alle unsere Probleme auf Kosten des russ. WTO-Beitritts lösen. ..."
Accepting Tbilisi's demand for international monitoring of trade across disputed border will be "minimal price" for Russia to pay for joining the World Trade Organization, President Saakashvili said in an interview with the Ekho Moskvy radio station on July 8.
"We do not want to resolve all of our problems at the expense of [Russia's] WTO [accession]," Saakashvili said. "We understand it very well that we should not expect any serious changes for better under the present leadership in Russia and we should not expect de-occupation of our territories unless present stance is maintained in the Kremlin."
"But we would like that any of the international organization... to control movement of good across the Georgian borders [in breakaway Abkhazia and South Ossetia], which are recognized by the entire responsible international community," he said.

Überparteiliche Gruppe zu Gesetzesänderungen des Wahlssystems soll gemäß Abkommen gebildet werden - 02.07.2011, Civil Georgia
Sechs Oppositionsparteien hatten zuvor die Teilnahme abgelehnt.

Larsi-Kazbegi Grenzübergang an der Nordgrenze zu Russland geöffnet -
02.07.11, Rustavi 2
According to the decision of the Georgian authorities, cross-border travel for representatives of any region of Russia, along with North Caucasus republics will be eased. Representatives of North Caucasus will be able to enter into the country without visa, while for representatives of other regions of Russia visas will be issues on the spot. ...
Archiv - archive - 01.01.-30.06.2011>>
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Neuer TV-Sender PIK nimmt Sendebetrieb auf - 30.06.2011, shortnews
Im Januar dieses Jahres hat der TV-Sender PIK (Perviy Informatsioniy Kavkazkiy/Erste Kaukasusinformation) von Tiflis aus seinen russischsprachigen Sendebetrieb aufgenommen. Ziel ist es, das bisherige Monopol der staatlichen russischen Sender für Nachrichten in russischer Sprache zu durchbrechen. Rob Parsons, der Chef des Senders, betont, PIK sei nicht gegen Russland gerichtet, sondern wolle Informationslücken schließen.
Man wolle insbesondere die Menschen im russischen Kaukasus erreichen, aber auch Iraner und Türken. Parsons vergleicht PIK mit den internationalen Diensten der BBC, France 24 oder Deutsche Welle. Im Internet wurde kürzlich zusätzlich zur russischsprachigen Nachrichtenseite auch eine englischsprachige Version gestartet.
Georgia challenges Russia's TV dominance - 30.06.2011, globalpost.com
... “Georgia sees it as extremely important to have a constructive relationship with the north Caucasus, based on factual information,” Parsons said. Then he added, as though it’s the most average thing in the world to say: “If, in the future, Russia was to break up, it’s not in Georgia’s interest to have bad relations with the people of the north Caucasus.” ...

Georgien's Bevölkerung bei 4.469 Mio. - Geostat - 30.06.2011, Civil Georgia

UN-Generalversammlung verabschiedet Resolution zu den intern Vertriebenen in Georgien: jetzt 57 Ja-Stimmen (2010: 50-Ja-Stimmen) - 30.06.2011, Civil Georgia
Es wurde das Recht auf Rückkehr der Vertriebenen aus den abtrünnigen Regionen Abchasien und Südossetien bestätigt mit 57 zu 13 Stimmen bestätigt.
The UN General Assembly passed on June 29 Georgia-sponsored resolution reiterating the right of return of all displaced persons and refugees to breakaway Abkhazia and South Ossetia by a vote of 57 in favor to 13 against, with 74 abstentions.
Three similar non-binding resolutions were passed by the UN General Assembly in last three years – one in 2008 (in respect of Abkhazia) and two others in 2009 and 2010.
Georgia says that pushing the resolution annually on the Assembly aims at keeping the issue high on the international agenda and on the other hand at widening support towards such resolution. ...

Georgien verurteilt 15 Personen, darunter auch der russ. Offizier Yevgeny Borisov, wegen einer Serie von Terroranschlägen in Georgien - 28.06.2011, Civil Georgia
Es wurden langjährige Gefängnisstrafen verhängt, gegen Yevgeny Borisov 30 Jahre als Organisator der Anschläge; viele Angeklagte waren nicht anwesend.

Neue Anklage gegen Okruashvili wegen "Formierung einer bewaffneten Gruppe" erhoben - 28.06.2011, Civil Georgia
Er lebt seit 2008 im Exil in Frankreich, da er in Georgien in Abwesenheit zu 11 Jahren Gefängnis verurteilt wurde.
The Georgian prosecutor’s office said on June 28, that it had brought charges against exiled ex-defense minister Irakli Okruashvili related to “formation of illegal armed group.”

Tbilisi lädt Moskau zu Gesprächen bezüglich des Verfahrens vor dem Int. Gerichtshof, das Georgien wegen der Verletzung etlicher europäischer Menschenrechte während des Krieges im August 2008 initiert hatte - 28.06.2011, Civil Georgia
In an attempt to pave way for its case against Russia in the Hague-based International Court of Justice (ICJ), Tbilisi invited Moscow in formal negotiations over its allegations that Moscow committed "ethnic cleansing" in South Ossetia and "ethnically motivated violence" in Abkhazia.

In its case filed before the ICJ shortly after the August, 2008 war, Georgia claimed that Russia violated its obligations under the 1965 International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination (CERD-Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination) during three distinct phases of its interventions in South Ossetia and Abkhazia in the period from 1990 to August 2008. ...

Regierende Partei "National Movement" unterzeichnete ein Abkommen mit sechs anderen Parteien zur geplanten Reform des Wahlsystems, basierend auf den Vorschlägen vom  24.6. - 28.06.2011, Civil Georgia
-    Number of parliamentary seats will go up to 190;
-    83 – majoritarian seats; 107 – proportional seats;
-    GEL 1 mln for all the parties clearing 5% threshold;
-    GEL 300,000 out of GEL 1m to be spent on TV ads;
-    Liakhvi, Akhalgori constituencies to be scrapped;
-    Tbilisi to have 15 single-mandate constituencies
-    Voters list to be checked by opposition-chaired group;
-    New Rights, CDM join the deal; ...

GEORGIE 2011 - "20 ans d'indépendance" - 27.06.2011
Riche d'une histoire pluri-séculaire, première république social-démocrate en 1918, la Géorgie en 2011 célèbre 20 ans d'indépendance.
Au coeur des interrogations politiques et stratégiques, elle est le laboratoire libéral d'un monde post-soviétique.
Le Président de la République de Géorgie, Mikheil Saakashvili et quelques spécialistes reconnus, tracerons une prospective.
CAPE - Grand Palais, 27 juin 2011 - 17h30
 sous le Haut Patronage et avec la contribution de
Mikheil SAAKASHVILI
Président de la République de Géorgie
avec la participation de
Tornike GORDADZE, Vice-Ministre des Affaires Etrangères
Alexandre KVITASHVILI, Recteurde l'Université d'Etat
Professeur Malkhaz MATSABERIDZE, Tbilisi State University
Professeur Beka KOBAKHIDZE, Tbilisi State University
Othar ZOURABICHVILI, Président de l'Association Géorgienne en France
et avec le soutien de l'Ambassade de Géorgie en France
CAPE - Grand Palais
Contact Presse : georgie.conf@gmail.com

Tbilisi arbeitet weiter daran, offiziell als 'Georgia' und nicht 'Gruzya' bei einem dutzend Länder geführt zu werden - 27.06.2011, Civil Georgia
Die russische Version “Gruzya” benutznen noch: Bulgaria; Belarus; China; Croatia; Latvia; Lithuania; Estonia; Poland; the Czech Republic; Slovakia, Slovenia; Serbia; Hungary; Macedonia; Ukraine. Zuletzt hat Südkorea der Umstellung des offiziellen Nennung auf “Georgia” anstatt “Gruzya” zugestimmt.

Sechs der acht Oppositionsparteien aus dem Wahlreformkreis weisen die Vorschläge der Regierungspartei zurück - 27.06.2011, Civil Georgia
Six opposition parties said in a joint statement on June 27, that they reject a proposal put forth by the ruling party on electoral system reform last week.
Politicians from those parties say that the proposal offers only superficial “façade changes” failing to secure fundamental improvement of the electoral system.
These six parties – Republican Party; Our Georgia-Free Democrats; Conservative Party; People’s Party; Georgia’s Way and National Forum – were part of the group of eight, which had an agreement to speak with one voice with the authorities on electoral-related issues.
Two parties from the group – New Rights and Christian-Democratic Movement – announced on June 27, that they accept the ruling party’s proposal, hence quitting the group of eight.
After laying out its proposals on June 24, the ruling party said that the offer was final and no major amendments would be made in them.
Pavle Kublashvili, a senior lawmaker and ruling party’s chief negotiator on electoral issues, said on June 27 that those willing to join the agreement should sign it at a ceremony at 6pm local time on Monday. ...

Präsident Saakashvili: 'Entscheidung zur Verlegung des Parlaments ist eine historische Reform ...' - 26.06.2011, Civil Georgia
Moving various branches of government from the capital city, Tbilisi, to other parts of the country shows that "decentralization process" in on the right track. President Saakashvili said.
He made the remarks while speaking at a ceremony in Batumi on June 25 marking 15th anniversary of the Georgian Constitutional Court, which was moved from Tbilisi to the Black Sea resort town in 2006.
Saakashvili said that a decision to relocate next Parliament from Tbilisi to Georgia's second largest city of Kutaisi in the western part of the country, was "a historic reform, whose importance cannot be overestimated." ...

Acht Männer in Untersuchungshaft im Fall der mit Okruashvili verbundenen Gruppe - 24.06.2011, Civil Georgia

Polizei erklärt, dass eine Okruashvili verbundene bewaffnete Gruppe verhaftet wurde - 23.06.2011, Civil Georgia

Tskhinvali läßt zehn Georgier frei - 22.06.2011, Civil Georgia

Russland verurteilt die Ankunft des US-Kriegsschiffes Monterey in Batumi - 22.06.2011, Civil Georgia

Verlegung des nächsten Parlament nach Kutaisi bestätigt - 21.06.2011, Civil Georgia

Georgischer Soldat in Afghanistan getötet - 21.06.2011, Civil Georgia

Parlament stimmt dem korrigierten 'Liberty Act' zu - 20.06.2011, Civil Georgia

Gerichtshof verhängt Untersuchungshaft gegen Nino Burjanadze's Ehemann - 20.06.2011, Civil Georgia
Er ist angeklagt, am 30.Mai Angriffe durch eine organisierte Gruppe gegen Polizisten angeführt zu haben.
About two weeks after expiration of deadline for Badri Bitsadze, husband of leader of the May street protest rallies Nino Burjanadze, to post GEL 100,000 bail, the prosecutor’s office requested the court on June 20 to apply pre-trial dentition for him.
The Tbilisi City Court said late on June 20 that it had ruled in favor of the prosecutor’s request.
Bitsadze, who has not been arrested, was charged by the prosecutor’s office on May 30 with spearheading attacks on policemen by an organized group. On June 1 prosecutor’s office requested court GEL 100,000 bail for Bitsadze to be paid within seven days; no bail has been paid.
The Georgian law enforcement agencies say that Bitsadze has apparently already left the country.
According to one account provided by an opposition politician from the National Forum party, Gubaz Sanikidze, Bitsadze was briefly in the police hands after the riot police dispersed protest rally on the Rustaveli Avenue on May 26. According to Sanikidze he met with Bitsadze in Shida Kartli region, where as Bitsadze told him, was left by the police in the forest while several of his companions taken by the police..
Burjanadze, who says she is not aware of her husband’s whereabouts, made it clear from the very beginning that was not intending to pay any bail and denied charges brought against her husband as fabricated.

Zehn Georgier von Tskhinvali freigelassen - 20.06.2011, Civil Georgia

Behörden werden gegen Angebote von Raubkopien des Films zum Augustkrieg Maßnahmen im Internet ergreifen - 16.06.2011, Civil Georgia

Ereignisse vom 26.Mai werden auf dem EU-Georgiengipfel zum Dialog über Menschenrechte diskutiert - 16.06.2011, Civil Georgia

Russlands Premierminister Putin 'bedauert', mit Tbilisi nur Beziehungen durch einen Mediator zu haben - 16.06.2011, Civil Georgia

15 Jun. '11 Georgischer Kaukasus-Experte Mamuka Areshidze spricht von der Notwendigkeit, die Unabhängigkeit Abchasiens anzuerkennen - 15.06.2011, Civil Georgia
A Georgian pundit and a frequent commentator on Caucasian affairs and conflict issues, Mamuka Areshidze, put an exceptionally rare twist to a discourse within Georgian society on future Tbilisi-Sokhumi relations by saying that Georgia should consider recognizing Abkhazia’s independence.
Areshidze acknowledged, that the idea, which seems to be hugely unpopular within Georgia and which actually has never been a major part of public discussion on Abkhaz-related matters mainly focused on territorial integrity concept, is expected to draw lots of criticism.
“Not only the present government, in the condition of present society in overall there will be lots of obstacles; many people will set against me,” Mamuka Areshidze, the head of Caucasus Center for Strategic Research, said in an interview with the Georgian daily, Rezonansi, published on June 15.
He said that Tbilisi should start considering this approach for very pragmatic reasons.
“We have to take extraordinary measures in order to return not Abkhazia, but to return Abkhazians… If we want to return Abkhazians, we should save them,” Areshidze said.
“Return of Abkhazians will be impossible if we leave them in the situation in which they currently are. Russia is vigorously changing demographic landscape of Abkhazia."
He said that Russia’s policy of encouraging its military personnel serving in Abkhazia and their families to stay in the region after end of service would further change the demographic situation by decreasing already diminished share of ethnic Abkhazians.
He said that independence for Abkhazia should not in any way be unconditional and it should be linked to set of preconditions, including return of refugees and internally displaced persons.
“I am not saying that we should directly give Abkhazia independence and put an end on that. We should put forth preconditions in the context of giving independence, for example return of refugees,” Areshidze said and added that by recognizing Abkhaz independence Tbilisi will distance Sokhumi from Moscow.
“That would be the only way for us to speak with the Abkhazians in presence of the international community without Russia,” Areshidze said.
“I want to say one thing: the time of traditional approaches is over. Our adversary, which has very strong political, diplomatic, as well as military resources, outdistances us in every way. So we have to make such a surprise move which will disarm our adversary – that means the move which will distance our adversary from the Abkhazians,” he said.
The case of South Ossetia is different, Areshidze said.
“Ossetians are not concerned with the problems, which Abkhazians are facing. Russian occupied South Ossetia is purely military territory. Expelling Ossetians from that territory is not on [Russia’s] agenda, while that is on the agenda in case of Abkhazia,” he said.
“The current situation in Abkhazia gives no reason for optimism. The Georgian society got accustomed to the idea that Abkhazia will return back to Georgia’s fold, but it can be dragged out for many years. But situation in this regard is much more difficult with Abkhazia than in respect of South Ossetia, because return of this latter back to Georgia’s fold is more realistic than of Abkhazia,” Areshidze said.

Gerichtshof in Tskhinvali erklärt Referendum für 3.Amtsperiode des Präsidenten für verfassungswidrig - 14.06.2011, Civil Georgia

Außenministerium: Georgien 'wird einige Forderungen nicht korrigieren', welche Russlands WTO-Beitritt betreffen - 14.06.2011, Civil Georgia
Georgia will not revise its demands over Russia's WTO entry terms, Nino Kalandadze, the Georgian deputy foreign minister, said on June 13.
"There are some demands, which will not be revised by the Georgian side," she said at a news conference. "Our partners, including the United States, acknowledge that it is Georgia's sovereign right to raise these demands, which concern transparency of border between Georgia and Russia - the issue, which has to be resolved between these two countries."
Last week an opposition politician Kakha Kukava of Free Georgia party alleged, that Georgia was dropping its objection to Russia's WTO entry following a meeting between U.S. Vice President Joe Biden and President Saakashvili in Rome on June 1. Kukava's remarks were extensively carried by the Russian news wires.
The Georgian Deputy Foreign Minister denied the allegation as groundless and said that Georgia's demands "remain in force."
The third round of the Swiss-mediated Russia-Georgia talks over Moscow's WTO entry terms was scheduled for June 2, but it was postponed because of, as officials put it, "technical reasons" after the request of the Swiss side, which acts as the mediator.

Eduard Kokoity sagt, er wolle nicht ein drittes Mal kandidieren - 13.06.2011, Civil Georgia
South Ossetian leader, Eduard Kokoity, said he would not run for the third term later this year even if the breakaway region’s supreme court rules in favor of holding a referendum allowing third presidential term.
The court in breakaway region will decide whether to give a go-ahead to a referendum on June 14.
An initiative group, led by deputy defense minister of the breakaway region, Ibragim Gaseev, has launched a campaign to hold a referendum to ask voters whether to allow or not a person to be the president for three consecutive terms.
Another referendum question, if held, will be whether or not to make Ossetian and Russian both the official language in the region.

Ankvab: Wahlen werden nicht zu Turbulenzen in Abchasien führen - 13.06.2011, Civil Georgia
The Abkhaz society and political landscape is "mature" enough to avoid turbulence in upcoming early presidential elections, the breakaway region's acting president, Alexander Ankvab, said in an interview with Russian news magazine the New Times.
"Elections will be held as scheduled [on August 26] and there will be no turbulence despite of some dark predictions. We have quite mature society, quite mature political forces and quite democratic electoral law," he said.
Ankvab, 58, who has been the breakaway region's PM since 2005 and the vice president after re-election of late Abkhaz leader Sergey Bagapsh in December 2009, is one of the potential presidential candidates.
But asked whether he would run for presidency or not in the August 26 election, Ankvab declined to answer saying it would "not be nice" to speak about it now as "we have just buried" Bagapsh.
Deadline for nominating candidates expires on July 17.
"There are many problems [in Gali], but they are not as dramatic as Georgia and some other countries want to portray it."
Asked how the upcoming election would influence on relations with Tbilisi, Ankvab said that "no matter who comes into power in Abkhazia, the peace treaty [with Georgia] will be the major issue."
"Peace treaty - that's our future," he said. "We want to live in good-neighborliness. We do not want war... Such a document can be signed, If there is a political will on the part of the Georgian leadership too."
Speaking on Georgia, Ankvab recalled May 26 break up of street protest in Tbilisi by the riot police and said it was "a humiliation of dignity" of the Georgian society.
"Such thing has never happened here [in Abkhazia]. And what for this 'drastic measures' were needed? For a military parade - that is for propaganda purposes. That's the style of [the Georgian] leadership. I do not refer to the Georgian citizens."
On predominately Georgian-populated Gali district of the breakaway region, Ankvab said that "situation is getting better there" and that the district would be integrated into the Abkhaz economy in five years.
"There are many problems [in Gali], but they are not as dramatic as Georgia and some other countries want to portray it,"he said.
There have been at least four, or possibly five, attempts on Ankvab's life since 2005 with the most recent attack carried out in September, 2010.
No one has ever been arrested for these attacks.
Ankvab said in the interview with the New Times, that investigation was still ongoing and that "internal" Abkhaz forces were behind these attacks; he, however, declined to elaborate on the issue.
In February 2005 a group of unknown gunmen opened fire on a convoy carrying Ankvab, then PM, outside Sokhumi. His car was hit by 17 bullets, local television reported at the time. Ankvab, however, was riding in his deputy’s car and survived unharmed.
In April 2005, Ankvab again survived unharmed when unknown gunmen opened fire on his convoy near Sokhumi in which Ankvab’s driver was wounded.
A roadside land mine, found in June 2007 on a road between Sokhumi and Gudauta, a regular route of Ankvab’s convoy, was also believed to have been aimed at him.
In July, 2007 Ankvab was slightly injured with shrapnel after his car came under grenade attack on a road between Gudauta and Sokhumi.
In September, 2010 Ankvab, was wounded in leg and hand after a grenade hit his house in Gudauta.

Vorgezogene Präsidentschaftswahlen in Abchasien für den 26.8. festgelegt - 10.06.2011, Civil Georgia

Außenministerium empfiehlt seinen Bürgern, von Reisen nach Russland abzusehen - 10.06.2011, Civil Georgia
The Georgian Foreign Ministry recommended its citizens on June 10 “to refrain from traveling to the Russian Federation” because of safety concerns.
Travel of Georgian citizens in Russia “is not safe,” the Georgian Foreign Ministry said.
The statement was made in connection to death of a 48-year old Georgian citizen, Gela Bliadze, who, the ministry said, “was beaten to death because of his ethnicity” in Moscow on June 5.
“This crime has been committed on the territory of the country, which carries out policy of state terrorism – plots, finances and implements terrorist acts on the territory of the sovereign country [Georgia],” the Georgian Foreign Ministry said, adding that it was demanding from Russia to investigate and punish perpetrators into the death of the Georgian citizen.

EU bekräftigt die Unterstützung für Georgien bei einem Gipfel mit Russland - 10.06.2011, Civil Georgia
President of European Council, Herman Van Rompuy, reiterated EU’s support to Georgia’s territorial integrity while speaking at the end of EU-Russia Summit in Nizhny Novgorod on June 10.
“Let me also recall the EU’s position of continued support for the security, stability, sovereignty and territorial integrity of Georgia and of full implementation of the Six-point agreement of 12 August 2008, as well as its implementing measures,” Herman Van Rompuy said in his opening remarks at a joint news conference with Russian President Dmitri Medvedev and European Commission President José Manuel Barroso.
He also said that the EU-Russia relations were “enjoying its best dynamics for years.”
“We can build on a track record of strengthened trust and constructive dialogue,” he said.
The European Parliament passed a resolution on June 9 on EU-Russia summit calling on Russia, among other things, “to respect the agreements it has signed, to fulfil all of the conditions under the Six-point Ceasefire Agreement and to immediately withdraw its troops from the occupied Georgian territories of South Ossetia and Abkhazia to the pre-conflict positions as well as to guarantee the European Union Monitoring Mission (EUMM) access to those territories.”
The resolution also calls on the European Commission “to persuade Russia to cease issuing passports to residents of the occupied provinces of South Ossetia and Abkhazia.”
At the joint news conference in Nizhny Novgorod, the Russian President said that, among other issues, “major regional conflicts” were also discussed and he listed situation in the Middle East, North Africa, Iranian nuclear program and conflict in Transdnistria.
“In overall conflict situations in Europe [were discussed],” Medvedev added. “It is important to note that in majority of the issues our positions are very close or coincide with each other.”

Armenischer Patriarch Catholicos Karekin II besucht Georgien - 10.06.2011, Civil Georgia
The leader of Armenia's Apostolic Church, Catholicos Karekin II, arrived in Georgia on June 10.
Patriarch of the Georgian Orthodox Church, Ilia II, told the Armenian Church leader in the Holy Trinity Cathedral in Tbilisi that the visit “is very important for us, as well as for Armenia.”
“I am sure your visit will further strengthen our friendly relations and I think that we will spare no efforts to strengthen our ties,” Ilia II said.
Schedule of Karekin II’s visit includes meeting with President Saakashvili and trip to Samtskhe-Javakheti, region predominantly populated by ethnic Armenian population; he will also visit Tsalka in Kvemo Kartli region.
Trip to Akhaltsikhe, Akhalkalaki, Aspindza, Ninotsminda and Tsalka is scheduled from June 13 to June 15.
A long-standing property dispute is likely to top the agenda of talks with Georgian church and government officials.
The Armenian Apostolic Church’s main concern remains the return of five churches in Tbilisi and one in Akhaltsikhe. According to the U.S. State Department’s annual report on international religious freedom, the status of at least 30 other churches claimed by the Armenian Apostolic Church remain disputed.
According to the same report officials from the Armenian Church claim, that the Georgian government was unwilling to resolve the issue of ownership of disputed church properties for fear of offending the Georgian Orthodox Church.
The Armenian Church Leader expressed hope while visiting the Holy Trinity Cathedral on June 10, that his visit to Georgia would help to resolve persisting disputes; he, however, did not give any specifics.

Russisches Außenministerium äußert sich zur 16.Runde der Genfer Gespräche - 10.06.2011, Civil Georgia
The most recent, sixteenth round of Geneva talks on June 7 has clearly demonstrated “increasing aggressiveness of the Georgian delegation,” Russian Foreign Ministry’s spokesman Alexander Lukashevich said on June 9.
“They tried to write off all the failures of Tbilisi’s leadership in domestic and international affairs to Russia’s intrigues. The Georgian side has arbitrarily accused Russian special services of organizing some kind of ‘terrorist acts’ on the territory of Georgia,” he said and added it was noteworthy that one of such allegation was voiced just on the eve of the sixteenth round of Geneva talks.
The Georgian Interior Ministry said that it had foiled two terrorism attempts in June with one of them allegedly plotted by a Russian security officer based in Abkhazia and another one by Russian officer stationed in South Ossetia. The Georgian Foreign Ministry said that there was incontrovertible evidence proving these allegations.
Georgia said after the sixteenth round of Geneva talks that they would consider walking out of talks if “Russia continues state-sponsored terror campaign against Georgia.”
Lukashevich said that facts on the ground indicated that Georgia itself was contributing to tensions in the region and accused the Georgian Interior Ministry’s special task forces of carrying out twelve “raids” in Gali district of breakaway Abkhazia this year.
“These actions are organically connected with an anti-Russian campaign of spy mania in Georgia, attempts to find some kind of ‘Russian trace’ in the action of Georgia’s internal opposition,” Lukashevich said.
Apart of what Georgia says were "terrorist attempts" a period between fifteenth and sixteenth rounds of Geneva talks saw two major incidents on the ground - one in early April, when a Russian FSB's border guard serviceman and two Georgians were killed in a shootout in Gali and another one in May when two Georgian civilians were wounded in a shooting at the South Ossetian administrative border.
Lukashevich said that during the sixteenth round of Geneva talks the Russian negotiators stressed the need of EU Monitoring Mission (EUMM) “to control more thoroughly” the Georgian forces in areas adjacent to the breakaway regions.
Tbilisi is insisting on Russia to reciprocate Georgia's non-use of force pledge with a similar commitment, but Russia, arguing that it is not a party into the conflict, refuses and instead calls on Tbilisi to sign, what it calls, "legally binding non-use of force treaties" with Tskhinvali and Sokhumi.
In other developments during the sixteenth round of Geneva talks, Lukashevich said that Russia had again called for a legally binding non-use of force agreement between Tbilisi and Sokhumi and Tbilisi and Tskhinvali.
Last year Russia proposed unilateral non-use of force declarations to be made separately by Tbilisi, Sokhumi and Tskhinvali. But after President Saakashvili made such unilateral non-use of force pledge at the European Parliament on November 23, Moscow again started to insist on a written agreement between the sides, but at the same time refusing to make itself part of such agreement, claiming that is a mediator not a party into the conflict.
“Obstinate refusal of the official Tbilisi to see representatives from Abkhazia and South Ossetia as equal partners in negotiations leads to impeding to resolving whole set of problems related to return of refugees and internally displaced persons,” Lukashevich said.

Noch keine weiteren gerichtlichen Schritte gegen den Ehemann von Nino Burjanadze - 09.06.2011, Civil Georgia
Despite expiration of a deadline to post a bail, no new legal actions have yet been undertaken by the authorities against Badri Bitsadze, husband of ex-parliamentary speaker Nino Burjanadze; the latter led street protest rallies, which came to a violent end on May 26 with dispersal by riot police.
Bitsadze, ex-chief of border police, who has not been arrested, was charged by the prosecutor’s office on May 30 with spearheading attacks on policemen by an organized group. Two days later prosecutor’s office requested court GEL 100,000 bail for Bitsadze. The latter had seven days to post the bail.
Burjanadze, who said she was not aware of her husband’s whereabouts, made it clear from the very beginning that was not intending to pay any bail and denied charges brought against her husband as fabricated, which “will fail before a fair trial.”
According to the law, in case of refusal to pay bail a pre-trial detention measure can be applied against an accused. But no further actions have been undertaken against Bitsadze by the prosecutor’s office yet and he has not been even formally announced as wanted by the police. According to the Interior Ministry’s senior official Bitsadze “has apparently left the country.”

Georgien wird 2012 mehr Truppen nach Afghanistan schicken - 09.06.2011, Civil Georgia

Britischer Premierminister erklärt, er werde Georgien bei seinem Russlandbesuch ansprechen  - 09.06.2011, Civil Georgia

US-Kriegsschiff besucht Batumi - 09.06.2011, Civil Georgia

Georgien zu Russland: 'Stoppt die staatlich gesponserte Terrorkampagne' - 09.06.2011, Civil Georgia
Georgia will have to “reconsider” its stance towards Geneva talks, if Russia continues “state-sponsored terrorism campaign”, the Georgian Foreign Ministry said in a written statement after the sixteenth round of Geneva talks.
“Terrorism can not be negotiated with, or appeased,” it said on June 8. “The Georgian side does not intend to discuss the security, or humanitarian issues related topics with Russia in Geneva, or elsewhere, while Moscow continues to mastermind terrorist attacks on the territory of Georgia.”
“If this organized terror campaign continues Georgian side will have no other choice but to reconsider its attitude towards the Geneva Discussions. By the same token, we would like to urge the international community to take up the issue of terrorist acts with the Russian Government at all levels.”
The Georgian Interior Ministry said that it had foiled two terrorism attempts in June with one of them allegedly plotted by a Russian security officer based in Abkhazia and another one by Russian officer stationed in South Ossetia. The Georgian Foreign Ministry said that there was incontrovertible evidence proving these allegations.
Russian Deputy Foreign Minister, Grigory Karasin, said after the sixteenth round of Geneva talks that Georgia's allegations were part of Tbilisi's "exercises in information-propaganda work." Karasin also said he was sure, that "domestic political difficulties, which the present regime in Tbilisi is experiencing" was the reason of Georgia's allegations against Russia. He said it was "an attempt to consolidate society on a quite provocative basis - anti-Russian sentiments."
"[Tbilisi] tries to portray situation as if Russia is to blame for all the misfortunes both external and internal ones," Karasin said.

16.Runde der Genfer Gespräche - 08.06.2011, Civil Georgia
Georgien hat gewarnt, dass man nicht an den nächsten Gesprächen im Oktober teilnehmen werde, wenn Russland die Terroranschläge fortsetzt. ...
Tbilisi has warned it would not participate in the next round of Geneva talks in October if Russia "continues terrorist attempts", Georgian negotiators said after the sixteenth round of talks on June 7.
"The Georgian side has sent a very clear message to Russia and to our international partners [mediators of the Geneva discussions], that if terrorist attempts continue, Georgia will cease its participation in the Geneva talks," Shota Utiashvili, a senior official from interior ministry and one of the Georgian negotiators at the Geneva talks, told RFE/RL Georgian service.
"It is impossible to speak seriously with a party, which constantly thinks about how to plot a terrorist act against you," he said after the sixteenth round of talks.
Georgian chief negotiator and secretary of National Security Council, Giga Bokeria, said after the meeting in Geneva that he could not foresee any talks "with the state party sponsoring state terrorism."
The Georgian Interior Ministry announced on June 2, that it had arrested in western Georgia two residents of Gali district - a man and a woman, who were instructed by Abkhaz-based Russian security officer to place an explosive in a market.
On June 6, when negotiators were already in Geneva, the Georgian Interior Ministry announced about the arrest of a man, who, it said, was intending to place an explosive outside NATO liaison office in Tbilisi in exchange of USD 2,000 offered by a Russian officer based in South Ossetia.
"There have been two terrorist attempts in recent week. How long can we rely on unprofessionalism of the Russian special services and on our good luck? Series of these [terrorist attempts] should stop - there is nothing more important right now," Utiashvili, who is the head of information and analytical department at the interior ministry, said.
The EU, OSCE and UN-mediated talks, involving negotiators from Tbilisi, Moscow, Washington, Sokhumi and Tskhinvali, were launched in Geneva two months after the August, 2008 war.
Mediators from EU, OSCE and UN said in a brief joint statement after the sixteenth round of talks that the participants of the sixteenth round of the meeting assessed situation on the ground "as stable, but unpredictable, with a potential for dangerous escalation due to highly worrying developments and incidents."
The mediators, or co-chairs as they are formally called, underlined the need for "renewed bilateral and collective efforts between participants in order to deescalate tension."
Apart of what Georgia says were "terrorist attempts" a period between fifteenth and sixteenth rounds of Geneva talks saw two major incidents on the ground - one in early April, when a Russian FSB's border guard serviceman and two Georgians were killed in a shootout in Gali and another one in May when two Georgian civilians were wounded in a shooting at the South Ossetian administrative border.
"Such levels of casualties after two-and-a-half years of work are kind of a warning signal," Pierre Morel, co-chair of the discussions from EU, said.
Antti Turunen, co-chair from the UN, said that the sixteenth round of discussions had focused on the security situation in the region, "especially on reported incidents of a potentially terrorist nature."
Russian Deputy Foreign Minister, Grigory Karasin, told Russia's news agency RIA Novosti after the sixteenth round of talks that Georgia's allegations about Russian security officers being behind alleged terrorist attempts were part of Tbilisi's "exercises in information-propaganda work."
"But at the same time we said that if the Georgian side has serious facts, figures and information, we are ready to consider these facts and study them and to give our comments like we have already did several months ago," Grigory Karasin said.
He was referring to Georgia's separate allegations that Russian military officer based in Abkhazia was behind series of explosions in Tbilisi last autumn. Georgia said that despite handing over evidence to Russia the latter not only showed no sign of cooperation to resolve those cases, but further continued to plot new terrorist acts.
Karasin also said he was sure, that "domestic political difficulties, which the present regime in Tbilisi is experiencing" was the reason of Georgia's allegations against Russia.
He said it was "an attempt to consolidate society on a quite provocative basis - anti-Russian sentiments."
"[Tbilisi] tries to portray situation as if Russia is to blame for all the misfortunes both external and internal ones," Karasin said.
The Geneva discussions are held in two working groups with the first one discussing security-related issues and the second one - humanitarian issues. There seems to be no progress in the second working group either.
Giedrius Čekuolis, OSCE Lithuanian chairmanship's special representative, called all parties "to urgently improve conditions" for people affected by the August 2008 war.
Čekuolis expressed concern about the difficulty the local residents across the administrative borders of breakaway Abkhazia and South Ossetia face to move freely. He also called for the release of detained local residents without delay.
He also underlined the failure to restore gas to the affected communities as “one of the biggest challenges which negatively affect the daily life of the local population" in Akhalgori district of breakaway South Ossetia.
"Schools cannot be properly heated during the long winter and sanitation conditions in homes are poor," Čekuolis said. "I see no excuse for denying basic utilities to those affected by the conflict."
Georgia shut down gas supply to the Akhalgori district in South Ossetia, which was under Tbilisi's control before the August war, as it does not want the gas it would provide to end up in the hands of Russian troops stationed in the region.
In a joint statement after the meeting, mediators said that the participants agreed to hold the next, seventeenth round of talks four months later, on October 4 - the longest interval between two rounds of Geneva talks.

TERRORANSCHLÄGE - VORBEREITET DURCH RUSS. OFFIZIERE IN ABCHASIEN
16.Runde der Genfer Gespräche - 08.06.2011, Civil Georgia
Georgien hat gewarnt, dass man nicht an den nächsten Gesprächen im Oktober teilnehmen werde, wenn Russland die Terroranschläge fortsetzt. ...
"The Georgian side has sent a very clear message to Russia and to our international partners [mediators of the Geneva discussions], that if terrorist attempts continue, Georgia will cease its participation in the Geneva talks," said Shota Utiashvili...
Polizei erklärt, 'ein weiterer Versuch eines Terroranschlags vereitelt' - 06.06.2011, Civil Georgia
Polizei erklärt, dass 'ein Terroranschlag vereitelt wurde' - 02.06.2011, Civil Georgia
Polizei erklärt, dass Terror-Anschläge in Kutaisi vereitelt wurden - 31.03.2011, Civil Georgia
Innenministerium sagt, dass eine 'Schlüsselfigur' hinter den Anschlägen vom 22.09.10 und 28.11.10 verhaftet wurde - 17.02.2011, Civil Georgia

NEUE FUNDE IN DMANISI / GEORGIEN   
Stammt der Mensch aus dem Kaukasus? - 07.06.2011, Focus
Ein Team aus US-Forschern hat bei Ausgrabungen Hinweise auf frühe menschliche Siedlungen im heutigen Georgien entdeckt. Die Funde widersprechen der gängigen Lehrmeinung, dass der Homo erectus, der Vorgänger des Menschen, aus Ostafrika stammt. So könnte im eurasischen Kaukasus bereits früher gesiedelt worden sein als bisher bekannt. ... Ein Team um Ferring sowie David Lordkipanidze vom Georgia National Museum entdeckte in tiefer gelegenen Schichten in Dmanisi mehr als hundert Werkzeuge sowie weitere Gegenstände aus Stein, die aus der Zeit vor rund 1,85 Millionen Jahren stammen. Zuvor in der Ausgrabungsstätte gefundene Knochen waren lediglich rund 1,7 Millionen Jahre alt gewesen. Die jüngsten Entdeckungen seien nicht nur wesentlich älter, sondern legten zugleich den Schluss nahe, dass es sich in Dmanisi um eine über längere Zeit sesshafte Bevölkerung gehandelt habe und nicht nur um Kolonialisten auf der Durchreise, hieß es in dem Fachartikel weiter. ...
Forscher zweifeln an Afrika als Wiege der Menschheit - 07.06.2011, Financial Times.de
Anthropologie: Homo erectus stammt womöglich aus dem Kaukasus - 07.06.2011, Welt
Site hints at Asian roots for human genus - 06.06.11, Science News
Were ancient human migrations two-way streets? - 06.06.11, Forbes

RENNY HARLIN-FILM: FIVE DAYS OF AUGUST   
Hollywoodstars besuchen Filmpremiere in Tbilisi - 06.06.11, Rustavi2    >>Extra-Seite
Hollywood stars Andy Garcia and Sharon Stone attended the premiere of a film about the Georgia-Russia war - The Five Days of August that describes the conflict as Russian aggression. `Five Days of August`, directed by veteran Renny Harlin and co-produced by a Georgian minister, focuses on a fictional American reporter trying to establish the truth about atrocities committed during the five-day conflict in 2008. ...
08.11.2010:  5 Days of August: Promo Trailer
Offizielle Seite zu 5 Days Of August - wiki: deutsch - english

NACHSPIEL ZUR AUFLÖSUNG DER KUNDGEBUNG AM 26.MAI
Georgia's European Goal - Georgiens Ziel ist Europa - 02.06.2011, euronews
Interview in youtube - Im Interview mit Präsident Saakashvili stellt Euronews-Reporter Alasdair Sandford Fragen zu den Protestkundgebungen, der Entwicklung Georgiens hin zum Westen und demokratischen Werten sowie zu den Betiehungen zum Nachbar Russland.   The “Rose Revolution” of 2003 finally allowed Georgia to turn the page on the Soviet era: the country’s politics personified by one man.   Since then, President Mikhail Saakashvili has won two elections and survived a war he started with Russia over Georgia’s breakaway territories of South Ossetia and Abkhazia.    Strategically important on the post-Cold War chessboard, Georgia’s goals to join the EU and NATO have amplified friction with Moscow.   Last week domestic problems brought street demonstrations in Tbilisi, as protesters complained of poverty and accused Saakashvili of monopolising power.    The West and human rights groups condemned the police use of force as “excessive”. Several days later, the atmosphere was very different when Mikhail Saakashvili spoke to euronews. The man who likes to be called “Misha” chose a public park for the location, near the presidential palace where he had hosted a dinner. ... Interview-Text ...
Polizei erklärt, dass eine bewaffnete Gruppe von 25 Männern, die mit den jüngsten Protesten verbunden ist, nahe Kintsvisi gefasst wurde - 30.05.2011, Civil Georgia
Die Gruppe war von Temur Khachishvili begründet worden, der von Moskau aus die Aktionen koordinierte. Khachishvili war in den 90ern Innenminister von Georgien und einer der führenden Köpfe der paramilitärischen Mchedrioni.
Weiterhin erklärt das Innenministerium, das die Differenz der Listen der Verhafteten darauf beruht, dass in der Liste des Ombudsmann auch auch die zuvor Verhafteten un die 24 in Kintsvisi verhafteten geführt wurden.
Erneute Demo mit einigen hundert Teilnehmern ruft zur Untersuchung der Ereignisse am 26.Mai auf - 29.05.2011, Civil Georgia
Diese war nicht von politischen Parteien organisiert und deutlich kleiner als die Demo vom Vortag. Viele Teilnehmer veurteilten auch Nino Burdschanadse und gaben auch ihr Schuld an den Entwicklungen am 26.5. ...

Büro des Ombudsmann Giorgi Tugushi: Liste mit 162 verhafteten Protestierenden vom 26.-27.5. in ganz Georgien auf Webseite veröffentlicht - 28.05.2011, Civil Georgia
Liste auf der Webseite des Ombudsmann:
ombudsman.ge
Kundgebung gegen Gewalt: mehrere zivile Organisationen hatten dazu aufgerufen - 28.05.2011, Civil Georgia

BAGAPSH IN MOSKAU NACH OPERATION GESTORBEN
Abchasien: Umstrittener Präsident gestorben - 29.05.2011, tagesschau.sf
Der Präsident der von Georgien abtrünnigen Region Abchasien, Sergej Bagapsch, ist im Alter von 62-Jahren in einem Moskauer Spital gestorben. Er hatte sich einer Lungenoperation unterziehen müssen. ... Bagapsch war seit Januar 2005 in dem Gebiet am Schwarzen Meer im Amt. Während Bagapschs Amtszeit als Regierungschef von 1997 bis 1999 wurden Tausende Georgier aus Abchasien vertrieben und ihre Häuser zerstört. Die georgische Regierung sprach von «ethnischer Säuberung». ... Für die EU, die USA und auch die Schweiz gehört Abchasien völkerrechtlich weiterhin zu Georgien.
Abchasischer Führer Sergey Bagapsh stirbt nach Operation in Moskau mit 62 - 27.05.2011, Civil Georgia
Alexander Ankvab wird zwischenzeitlich nachrücken.
Abkhaz leader, Sergey Bagapsh, died on Sunday morning in Moscow hospital after a complication with his recovery process following a surgery on his right lung a week ago, the breakaway region’s authorities announced.
Bagapsh, who was 62, served his second presidential term since re-election in December 2009.
According to the breakaway region’s constitution vice president Alexander Ankvab will become an interim president before the snap elections are held within three months.
“This is a great loss for the Abkhaz people,” Ankvab told the Russian news agency Interfax.
Bagapsh underwent lung surgery in Moscow hospital on May 21. Abkhaz officials were reporting that the surgery was successful and that Bagapsh was recovering. But leaked reports suggested that his health was deteriorating, although those reports were rejected by the Abkhaz officials.
Christian Bzhania, a spokesman for the Abkhaz president, said on May 29, that he spoke with Bagapsh three days ago and he felt better.
“But two days ago his condition unexpectedly deteriorated; he lost consciousness,” Bzhania said. “The doctors did everything in their power.”
Abkhaz officials said that it was found out after the operation that Bagapsh also had a cancer.
Sergei Bagapsh will be buried in Abkhazia on Wednesday; funeral services will also be held in Moscow on Monday, according to the Abkhaz officials.
In a message of condolence, Russian President Dmitri Medvedev stressed on Bagapsh’s “personal contribution to strengthening of independence” of Abkhazia.
“Sergey Bagapsh was a staunch supporter of friendship and alliance with Russia, tirelessly working on deepening close bilateral ties between our countries,” Medvedev said.


AUSSERPARL. OPPOSITION SUCHT KONFLIKT AM UNABHÄNGIGKEITSTAG 26.MAI
Der Salzburger Mathias Huter erlebte die Demonstrationen in Tiflis aus nächster Nähe mit - 27. Mai 2011, derstandard.at
... derStandard.at: Ex-Parlamentspräsidentin Nino Burdschanadse hat sich an die Spitze der Anti-Saakaschwili-Bewegung gesetzt. Wie schätzen Sie ihr Standing im Volk ein? - Huter: Sie ist nicht das, was man sich unter einer demokratischen Oppositionsführerin vorstellt. Sie hat sich geweigert, nach den Parlamentswahlen 2008 ihren Sitz im Parlament anzutreten und im Vorjahr hat sie auch nicht an den Regionalwahlen teilgenommen. Sie steht außerhalb des demokratischen Spektrums. ihre Anhängerschaft ist auch sehr überschaubar; in Meinungsumfragen liegt sie meist im sehr niedrigen einstelligen Bereich. Für einen großen Teil der Bevölkerung ist sie durch ihre Vergangenheit und sehr scharfe Rhetorik nicht glaubwürdig. ... derStandard.at: Wieviel Unterstützung hat Saakaschwili noch? - Huter: Die Regionalwahlen im vergangenen Jahr haben gezeigt, dass Saakaschwili und seine Partei United National Movement (UNM) doch relativ großen Rückhalt im Volk haben, landesweit haben sie etwa 65 Prozent der Stimmen bekommen. Bei den Parlamentswahlen 2012 werden wir wohl keinen Machtwechsel sehen, vielleicht aber eine gestärkte Opposition, die die Arbeit der Regierung besser kontrollieren kann. ...

Außenminister Grigol Vashadze: Gesetzeshüter trieben nicht Demonstranden auseinander, sondern verhinderten Gesetzesbruch auf der Rustaveli-Straße in Tbilisi - 27.05.2011, en.trend.az
"Eine Menschenmenge von Außenseitern versuchte, die Feierlichkeiten des heiligsten Feiertages des georgischen Volkes zu behindern. ... Niemand kann uns je daran hindern, den festlichsten Tag für unser Land zu feiern."
An Uprising in the Caucasus, but No Arab Spring in Georgia - 27.05.2011, TIME
By Thursday afternoon, it was hard to recognize the voice of Nino Burjanadze, the Georgian opposition leader, who normally speaks as though she has a bullhorn built into her throat. The night before, she had led a street protest meant to overthrow President Mikheil Saakashvili, her former ally turned political nemesis. But riot police had moved in with tear gas and rubber bullets, beating scores of people and arresting hundreds, and the would-be revolution failed. ... It became worse for Burjanadze when police released an audio recording on Thursday, apparently from a tapped phone conversation, to support the claims of her collusion with Moscow. In the undated tape, she and her son allegedly discuss plans for a revolution, agreeing that an "Egypt scenario" in Georgia would be worth the death of 100 or even 500 people. "The land of every nation that achieved something is watered with blood," her son Anzor Bitsadze apparently says in the recording, whose authenticity Burjanadze does not deny. "The society is divided. They are divided concerning Russia too," Burjanadze says later in the tape. "Fifty percent do not see [Russia] as an enemy at all ... Everyone supports a close relationship with Russia." ... The most damning part of the recording seems to come at the end, when her son apparently brings up the possibility that Georgian troops will open fire on the demonstration. "We will withstand the first strike," he apparently says in the recording. "And then let them deal with the GRU special forces" — GRU is the Russian military intelligence. ... Moscow has made no secret of its desire to see Saakashvili thrown out of office. In 2008, Russian Prime Minister Vladimir Putin famously told the President of France, according to a French official, that he wanted to hang Saakashvili "by the balls." But that does not mean the Kremlin would use Burjanadze to get the job done, says Sergei Markov, a parliamentarian and spin doctor for Putin's political party, United Russia. "This was Burjanadze's adventure," Markov tells TIME. "Everyone told her that things were not ready for this, but she went ahead with it anyway." Markov has lobbied the Russian government for years to start using what he calls the American model of regime change — by supporting local opposition movements who want to topple their government. "We shouldn't be against color revolutions. Color revolutions are the 21st century means of grabbing political power," Markov says. "And we have to support all pro-Russian forces who want to come to power in the former Soviet space ... " ... It is impossible to tell whether Burjanadze's failed uprising was indeed a practice run in this up-and-coming Kremlin strategy, or whether her party was acting alone, inspired by the Egypt scenario, which toppled the regime in Cairo earlier this year. ...

Polizei: 105 Protestierende verhaftet - 27.05.2011, Civil Georgia
Das Innenministerium hat auf seiner
Webseite am Freitag eine Liste der Personen veröffentlicht, die bei der Auflösung der Demonstration kurz nach Mitternacht am 26.5. verhaftet wurden.
Außenminister Vashadze zu Moskau’s ‘enttäuschter’ Reaktion auf die Auflösung der Demonstration - 27.05.2011, Civil Georgia
Die Reaktion des russ. Außenministeriums war Ausdruck der Enttäuscheung, weil “die geplante, finanzierte and organisierte Provokation” in Georgien nicht eingetreten ist.”

Audio- und Video-Aufzeichnungen bringen die Protestanführer damit in Verbindung 'Gewalt anzuzetteln' - 27.05.2011, Civil Georgia
Präsident Saakashvili: 'Fünfte Kolonne operiert offen in Georgien' - 26.05.2011, Civil Georgia
Innenministerium: Zwei Tote durch mit hoher Geschwindigkeit wegfahrende Fahrzeuge des Convoys der Anführer der Protestkundgebungen - 26.05.2011, Civil Georgia
EU-Botschafter Philip Dimitrov: "... Demonstration wurde im Rahmen der Gesetze aufgelöst ..." - 26.05.2011, presa.ge
US-Botschafter John Bass äußert sich zur Auflösung der Proteste - 26.05.2011, Civil Georgia
"Es gab offensichtlich etliche Personen unter den Protestierenden, die nicht an friedlichem Protest interessiert waren, aber danach trachteten, eine gewaltsame konfrontaion zu entfachen" ... Er sagte, er sei besorgt über die Berichte, dass es “möglicherweise eine exzessive Gewaltanwendung” durch einzelne Beamte gab, als die Spezialkräfte die Protestkundgebung vor dem Parlament kurz nach Mitternacht auflösten
.
Georgien: Aufstand der Reformverlierer  - 26.05.2011‎, tagesschau.de
... Das Vorgehen der Einsatzkräfte gegen sie nach Mitternacht kritisierten die Organisation junger georgischer Anwälte und Transparency International als überzogen. Die Auflösung der Demonstrationen vor dem Parlament bezeichneten sie aber zugleich als legitim. Offensichtlich wollten die Demonstranten Gewalt provozieren. ...

Gewaltsame Proteste in Georgien - 26.05.2011, dw-world.de
Am Abend vor dem georgischen Unabhängigkeitstag am Donnerstag (26.05.2011) haben sich Demonstranten und Sicherheitskräfte in der georgischen Hauptstadt Tiflis blutige Auseinandersetzungen geliefert. ... Am Abend vor der Militärparade räumt die Polizei den Friedensplatz. Die Behörden begründeten das gewaltsame Vorgehen damit, dass Kundgebungen ab Mitternacht nicht mehr erlaubt waren. In der ehemaligen Sowjetrepublik war für Donnerstag eine Militärparade zum Unabhängigkeitstag angekündigt. Die Demonstrationen dauern seit Samstag an. Mehrere tausend Menschen zogen am Mittwoch zum Parlamentsgebäude. Bis in die Nacht harrten trotz starken Regens rund 300 Menschen aus.

AUSSERPARL. OPPOSITION MOBILISIERT: 21.MAI - 25.MAI
"Georgian Party" läßt Pläne zu einem 'Tag des Zorns' fallen; ebenso läßt Irakli Okruashvili seinen Plan fallen, nach Georgien zu kommen - 24.05.2011, Civil Georgia
Bilder der Protestkundgebungen vom 23.Mai - 24.05.2011, Civil Georgia
Bilder der Protestkundgebungen vom 22.Mai - 23.05.2011, Civil Georgia
Bilder der Protestkundgebungen vom 21.Mai - 22.05.2011, Civil Georgi
Nino Burjanadze zur Entscheidung der "Georgian Party" - 24.05.2011, Civil GeorgiaEs wäre nich möglich gewesen, sich auf eine vereinte Taktik abzustimmen. Sie kritisiert auch, dass die Entscheidungen bei der "Georgian Party" nicht zu Ende gebracht werden."Georgian Party" läßt Pläne zu einem 'Tag des Zorns' fallen; ebenso läßt Irakli Okruashvili seinen Plan fallen, nach Georgien zu kommen - 24.05.2011, Civil Georgia
Protestors insult journalists - 23.05.11, Rutavi 2
The protestors, who are participating in the rallies organized by the People`s Council, have insulted both physically and verbally, the journalists who are covering the rallies. The correspondents of ITV, Net-Gazeti and Asaval Dasavali newspaper say they were subjected to aggression from the protestors. ITV journalist says the protestors insulted them several times during the rallies and broke down their camera last night. Journalist of the Net Gazeti Tazo Kupreishvili says Anzor Bitsadze, the son of the leader of the People`s Council, Nino Burjanadze, hit him with a stick in the stomach, after the journalist put questions to the opposition leader.
Russian media dramatizes Tbilisi rallies - 23.05.11, Rutavi 2
`Revolution in Georgia with Russian money` - Russian online news website www.news.ru has published an article with the title while covering the opposition rallies in Georgian capital. The author says the revolution has started in Georgia, emphasizing the flow of Russian funds in the opposition activities.
As for the plans of the opposition, Russian political experts discuss several possible developments of the processes. Opposition rallies in Tbilisi have been in the focus of the Russian media during the past two days. Russian media is dramatizing the processes, writing about clashes, police pressure, use of force and the people injured in those clashes.
Opposition leader insults policemen - 23.05.11, Rustavi 2

One of the leaders of the Georgian Party insulted police officers at the rally organized by the People`s Council. The opposition movement launched protests at the Georgian Public Broadcast on May 21, 2011. They are demanding resignation of the president of Georgia Mikheil Saakashvili and his government.
Reportedly, Levan Gachechiladze insulted the officers, who were controlling the situation at the rally outside the Public Broadcast.
Interior Ministry releases warning for citizens - 22.05.11, Rustavi 2
Georgia`s Interior Ministry calls on citizens, who are not involved in the ongoing opposition protest rallies in Tbilisi to refrain from moving in the vicinity of Georgian Public Broadcaster. Opposition activists are taking part in a rally in the capital, calling on President Mikheil Saakashvili to resign. 
Erklärung des Innenministeriums zu einem Zwischenfall - 22.05.11, Rustavi 2
Während der Kundgebung von oppositionellen Parteien vor dem Gebäude des öffentlichen Fernsehens wurde eine Polizeiwagen angegriffen: Georgia`s Interior Ministry has released a statement and video footage on the incident that took place outside the Georgian Public Broadcaster on Sunday morning. ...
Protesters clash with passers-by in Tbilisi - 22.05.11 13:27
Activists of ongoing protest rally organized by People`s Assembly opposition political organization clashed with passers-by in Kostava Street on Sunday morning. Cudgels were used in the clash. Cars have been damaged in the street. People have also been injured.
Several injured citizens were taken to hospitals by emergency brigades.
Reportedly, the protesters were acting quite aggressively to reporters. Badri Bitsadze, husband of Nino Burjanadze, the leader of People`s Assembly verbally abused reporter of Rustavi 2 TV-station. Leaders of People`s Assembly are delivering their speeches at the protest rally now. They expects their supporters to join the rally later.
"People’s Assembly" startet Protestkundgebung mit Versammlungen an drei Plätzen in Tbilissi mit einem anschließenden Marsch zum Freiheitsplatz - 21.05.2011, Civil Georgia
Activists of opposition People’s Assembly started gathering under the rainy skies in three separate locations in Tbilisi on Friday before marching towards the Freedom Square in downtown of the capital city.
The People’s Assembly, backed by ex-parliamentary speaker Nino Burjanadze, said it would launch street protest rallies from May 21 to force President Saakashvili to resign.
Nino Burjanadze said at a news conference on May 21, called on the police not to follow “illegal orders” and not to confront the people. She also said that activists from the People’s Assembly face “enormous pressure” from the authorities and police in the regions to prevent them from arrival in Tbilisi.
Irakli Okruashvili deutet Rückkehr nach Georgien an - 20.05.2011, Civil Georgia
In einer schriftlichen Erklärung sagt der Ex-Verteidigungdminister und Mitbegründer der oppositionellen "Georgian Party", dass er bald neben seinen Leuten Stehen werde. Irakli Okruashvili lebt seit 2007 in Frankreich in politischem Asyl, da er 2008 in Abwesenheit zu einer 11-jährigen Gefängnisstrafe verurteilt wurde.
A written statement by ex-defense minister and co-founder of the opposition Georgian Party, Irakli Okruashvili, saying that he would soon “stand beside my people”, further fueled speculation that he intends to return to Georgia as some opposition movements plan to launch street protest rallies.
Since 2007, when he went into opposition, Okruashvili lives in France, where he has received political asylum; in Georgia he was sentenced to 11-year prison term in absentia in March, 2008.
On May 19 Rustavi 2 TV reported that Okruashvili arrived in Moscow. The report was denied by the Georgian Party, which said Okruashvili was in Switzerland. In a separate report, Tbilisi-based Real TV, regarded to be affiliated with the authorities, in particular with the Interior Ministry, showed couple of poor quality photos purportedly shot in one of the Moscow’s airports on May 19 and reportedly showing, among crowd of passengers, Irakli Okruashvili standing next to Kote Gogelia, wealthy Georgian businessman, affiliated with the Georgian Party. The Russian newspaper, Obshchaya Gazeta, also reported, without providing source of information, on May 20, that Okruashvili was in Moscow.
Erosi Kitsmarishvili, political secretary of the Georgian Party, said on May 20, that these reports were part of media campaign against his party orchestrated by the Georgian authorities. “There is no need to comment on absurd [reports],” he said.
Meanwhile, on May 20 Irakli Okruashvili released a written statement, which is an appeal to the Georgian army praising the Georgian soldiers for their courage, blaming personally President Saakashvili for losing August, 2008 war and telling Georgian soldiers that Saakashvili “hates you so much that he uses you for only holding military parades.”
“In few days Georgian people will face Saakashvili and his government from the other side of a barricade. At that moment I will be standing beside my people,” Okruashvili said, adding that he would do it even through it might pose a risk to his life.
The Georgian Party has announced about the plans to force President Saakashvili to resign through a peaceful revolution before the end of this year. Meanwhile, a separate opposition movement, People’s Assembly, backed by ex-parliamentary speaker Nino Burjanadze, plans to start street rallies with the same goal from May 21. Although having same goals and tactic these two opposition groups are not cooperating because of personal confrontation between Burjanadze and some of the leaders of the Georgian Party.
Nino Burjanadze: 'Unser entscheidender Kampf wird erfolgreich sein' - 20.05.2011, Civil Georgia
Die Kampagne gegen Präsident Saakashvili findet am 21.Mai statt, organisiert durch die oppositionelle Bewegung "People’s Assembly".
A written statement by ex-defense minister and co-founder of the opposition Georgian Party, Irakli Okruashvili, saying that he would soon “stand beside my people”, further fueled speculation that he intends to return to Georgia as some opposition movements plan to launch street protest rallies.
Since 2007, when he went into opposition, Okruashvili lives in France, where he has received political asylum; in Georgia he was sentenced to 11-year prison term in absentia in March, 2008.
On May 19 Rustavi 2 TV reported that Okruashvili arrived in Moscow. The report was denied by the Georgian Party, which said Okruashvili was in Switzerland. In a separate report, Tbilisi-based Real TV, regarded to be affiliated with the authorities, in particular with the Interior Ministry, showed couple of poor quality photos purportedly shot in one of the Moscow’s airports on May 19 and reportedly showing, among crowd of passengers, Irakli Okruashvili standing next to Kote Gogelia, wealthy Georgian businessman, affiliated with the Georgian Party. The Russian newspaper, Obshchaya Gazeta, also reported, without providing source of information, on May 20, that Okruashvili was in Moscow.
Erosi Kitsmarishvili, political secretary of the Georgian Party, said on May 20, that these reports were part of media campaign against his party orchestrated by the Georgian authorities. “There is no need to comment on absurd [reports],” he said.
Meanwhile, on May 20 Irakli Okruashvili released a written statement, which is an appeal to the Georgian army praising the Georgian soldiers for their courage, blaming personally President Saakashvili for losing August, 2008 war and telling Georgian soldiers that Saakashvili “hates you so much that he uses you for only holding military parades.”
“In few days Georgian people will face Saakashvili and his government from the other side of a barricade. At that moment I will be standing beside my people,” Okruashvili said, adding that he would do it even through it might pose a risk to his life.
The Georgian Party has announced about the plans to force President Saakashvili to resign through a peaceful revolution before the end of this year. Meanwhile, a separate opposition movement, People’s Assembly, backed by ex-parliamentary speaker Nino Burjanadze, plans to start street rallies with the same goal from May 21. Although having same goals and tactic these two opposition groups are not cooperating because of personal confrontation between Burjanadze and some of the leaders of the Georgian Party.
Präsident Saakashvili über 'die Kräfte, auf die Russland baut, um Einfluss über Georgien wiederzuerlangen' - 20.05.2011, Civil Georgia
Er zählt auf: "degenerierte ehemalige Separatisten", Terrorverdächtige und "ehemalige Politiker, die auf der Straße herumrennen".
"Degenerated former separatists", terrorism suspects and "former politicians running around the streets", are the forces on which Russia relies on to regain influence over Georgia, President Saakashvili said on May 19.
Speaking at a joint news conference with European Parliament President, Jerzy Buzek, in Tbilisi, Saakashvili commented on Russian President Dmitri Medvedev's recent remarks on the August, 2008 war in which he said that events of 2008 made Russia feel strong.
"The statement that it demonstrated the Russian strength is, to say the least, not true. A period since August, 2008 has demonstrated Russian policies weaknesses," Saakashvili said. "You remember the Russian President's statement that I am a 'political corpse', I am a 'corpse' for last three years, although, I think, I look much better than [a corpse]."
He said instead of collapse, which Russia aimed at with the military intervention, Georgia "has turned into the major reformer in the region."
"Was not it important for the Russian authorities to have as an ally such an important country [like Georgia]? Was not it important for Russia to have as a partner and a friend democratically elected Georgian government?"
"Who are Russia's allies in Georgia today? Degenerated former separatists, who are now in service of occupiers; thier [Russia's] key ally whom they rely on in rest of Georgia it is Kochoia [a nickname of a man who was arrested in connection to series of blasts in Tbilisi last year, which Georgia says was masterminded by a Russian intelligence officer] from Gali and those former politicians who are now running around the streets here [apparently referring to the part of opposition planning street protests] and who set world records by polling as the most unpopular [figures], which has already, almost grown into people's hatred towards them - quite fairly I want to note. Are they [Russia] going to strengthen thier political influence in this region with such allies?" Saakashvili said.
"We are of course open for serious negotiations with Russia; of course we want to openly share to Russia with our reform experience and to have normal state-to-state relations on the condition that they will recognize us as a state and start talks with Georgia's democratically elected present authorities," he said.

Russland: Machtkampf oder Spiegelfechterei? - 16.05.2011, dradio
Putin und Medwedew läuten den Wahlkampf ein
Ende des Jahres wählen die Russen ein neues Parlament und wenig später einen neuen Präsidenten. Werden sich Präsident Medwedew und Ministerpräsident Putin auf eine neue Machtteilung verständigen? Oder erlebt Russland doch noch einen Wettkampf um die Macht, wie er üblich ist in Demokratien? Eine von Putin gegründete neue Volksfront könnte auf diese Frage erste Antworten geben. ...
Medwedews Auftritt vor den Jungpolitikern registriert worden:
"Eine übermäßige Machtkonzentration - das ist eine gefährliche Sache! Das hat es in unserem Land mehrfach gegeben. Es führte in der Regel zu Stagnation oder zum Bürgerkrieg. - Versuche, die Macht im Staat einem einzigen Menschen unterzuordnen, sind auf jeden Fall gefährlich. Denn, wenn dies nicht schon in der Gegenwart zu Problemen führt, dann wird das ganz zweifellos schon in allernächster Zukunft mächtige Probleme machen - für das Land wie für jeden Menschen. Daran müssen wir denken und uns an die Lehren unserer Geschichte erinnern."

Erste Geige in Georgien - Lisa Batiashvili - 08.05.2011, Welt
Neue Ostfront: Wie die weltberühmte Violinistin Lisa Batiashvili ihre Heimat wieder zu einer großen Musiknation machen will. Ein Reisebericht ...

Nabucco-Pipeline verzögert sich - 07.05.2011, Welt
Der Baubeginn der Nabucco-Gaspipeline aus dem Kaspischen Raum nach Österreich wird um ein Jahr auf 2013 verschoben. ...

LAVROV IN SUCHUMI UND TSKHINVALI
EU äußert "Bedenken" bezüglich des Besuches des russ. Außenministers Lavrov in Sokhumi und Tskhinvali, ohne vorherige Einwilligung der georg. Behörden - 28.04.2011, Civil Georgia
Ashton on Lavrov`s visit to Georgia`s occupied regions - 28.04.2011, Rustavi 2
Catherine Ashton, High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy and Vice President of the Commission, issued a statement regarding Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov`s visit to Georgia`s occupied regions of Abkhazia and South Ossetia.
“The European Union notes with concern that Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Russian
Federation, Sergey Lavrov, has paid a visit to the Georgian regions of Abkhazia and South Ossetia on 25 and 26 April 2011, without prior consent of the Georgian authorities.
"The EU does not consider these visits compatible with the principle of territorial integrity.
"The EU reiterates its support for Georgia`s sovereignty and territorial integrity and underlines the importance of a peaceful conflict resolution in full respect of the territorial integrity of Georgia within its internationally recognized borders", the statement says.
Speaker comments on Lavorv`s visit to Abkhazia and Tskhinvali Region - 26.04.2011, Rustavi 2
Speaker of Georgian parliament, Davit Bakradze commented on the visit of the Russian Foreign Minister to Georgia`s occupied Abkhazia and Tskhinvali Region, saying it was yet another attempt of the Russian Federation to politically legalize the act of occupation.
`Whatever documents they may sign or make numerous visits to Abkhazia and Tskhinvali Region, they cannot change the reality that these two regions are occupied by the Russian Federation. We can only say it is a pity that Russia keeps on its policy of occupation,` Davit Bakradze said and added that despite such acts of Russian authorities, Georgia was still prepared for constructive dialogue.
Lavrov to negotiate with Abkhaz puppet regime - 26.04.2011, Rustavi 2
After the `successful` visit to Tskhinvali, Russian Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov arrived in Sokhumi today and held meeting with the leader of the puppet regime Sergey Baghapsh. The sides officially announced the imposition of the visa free regime between Abkhazia occupied region and Russian Federation.
Lavrov also spoke about Russia`s membership in World Trade Organization, which has been halted for years due to the resistance of Georgia. Lavrov said Russia would do its best to become the member of the WTO despite Georgia`s resistance. He said there were other procedures, which would facilitate Russia gain the WTO membership without the consent of the Georgian government.
Lavrov said today that Russia and Abkhazia had signed 58 agreements so far, the last one was signed today.
`Today we signed another agreement, which implies founding internationa-cultural centres. We are not working on 40 new agreements, which will enrich our relations in different spheres,` Lavrov said.
As for the security issue, Lavrov expressed the official position of Russia at the joint press conference with Kokoity yesterday.
`I do not rule out provocations, because we should expect anything from Georgia`s current government. We have already suffered this. Of course we wish that the security standards in teh region met with the international norms,` Lavrov announced in Tskhinvali yesterday.
Russ. Außenminister Lavrov und Kokoity treffen sich in Tskhinvali - 25.04.2011, Civil Georgia

Significant archaeological discoveries found in Kakheti Region - 27.04.2011, Rustavi 2
Rehabilitation of historic monuments in Kakheti Region is underway. Along with the process, archaeological excavations are going on, during which significant discoveries have been found.
Among the discoveries are the tombs, which were found by archaeologists in the yard of Amidasurt St. Giorgi church.
70 tombs in total were found on the territory. There were also found remains of a small temple, different domestic items and bracelets, which were taken to teh local museum.

Cიrcassian Diasporas of world urge for recognition of genocide - 27.04.2011, Rustavi 2
Cიrcassian Diasporas of the world urge for recognition of genocide. Representatives of the network of Circassian Congresses held meeting in Tbilisi with Chair of parliamentary committee for Diasporas and Caucasian Affairs of Georgia.
Representatives of Circassia Diasporas sent a letter to Georgian parliament requesting recognition of genocide of the Circassian nation.
The Georgian parliament has been discussing the issue for a long time. International Conference on issues of Circassian people was also held in Georgia.
Within the nearest future, several committees of the parliament intend to resume discussions over Russia`s genocide of Circassian people.

New telephone codes for Georgian cities - 25.04.2011, Rustavi 2
New telephone codes for Georgia`s cities will be enforced from tomorrow - the current codes will operate only today. According to the new project of the national numeration system, the Tbilisi code 8-22 will change with 8-32, Batumi code will be 4 22 instead of 99 222, Kutaisi code will change from 231 to 431, Rustavi code -- from 24 to 34, Sokhumi code will be 422 and Tskhinvali code - 344.
As for other cities, the code will change in Zestaponi  - 492, Gori - 370, Zugdidi - 415, Telavi - 350, Chokhatauri - 419, Kaspi - 371, Lanchkhuti - 494, Lagodekhi - 354, Mestia - 410, Mtskheta - 373, Ozurgeti - 496, Sachkhere - 435, Senaki - 413, Sighnaghi 355. To make a call to any of these cities, you should dial 8 first, the city code and the individual number at the end.

NATO-GIPFEL IN BERLIN 2011
NATO-Generalsekretär Rasmussen: 2011 wird Schlüsseljahr für das Voranbringen der demokratischen Reformen in Georgien - 15.04.2011, Civil Georgia
“This year will be key for putting forward more democratic reforms [in Georgia] and we look forward to progress on that front,” NATO Secretary General, Anders Fogh Rasmussen, said on April 15.
Speaking at a news conference after two days of NATO meetings in Berlin, Rasmussen also said that NATO welcomed Georgia’s “strong performance in defense reform.”
Auf dem NATO-Gipfel in Berlin trafen sich am Rande auch die NATO- und Georgiens Außenminister - 15.04.2011, Civil Georgia
NATO-Georgia relations have "deepened significantly in recent years," NATO Secretary General, Anders Fogh Rasmussen, said in his opening remarks of the NATO-Georgia Commission (NGC) at the level of foreign ministers on April 15.
Rasmussen said at the meeting, which was held on the sideline of NATO foreign ministers' summit in Berlin, that deepening these relations "helped Georgia to play an increasingly important role as security contributor.”
“NATO Ministers welcomed the overall positive dynamic in Georgia’s democratic development,” a joint statement released after NGC meeting.
“At the same time, they noted that work remains to be done for the Georgian Government to adopt and implement necessary reforms, and to cooperate with the opposition on implementing democratic reforms. NATO Ministers stressed the importance of electoral reform in view of the upcoming parliamentary elections in 2012. They also encouraged Georgia to continue to strengthen the rule of law and the role of civil society, as well as continue to deepen reforms regarding the judiciary and the media.”
NATO foreign ministers also “encouraged further reforms in the defence and security sphere.”
NATO ministers reaffirmed their support for Georgia’s territorial integrity and sovereignty and also reiterated their “continued policy” of non-recognition of breakaway South Ossetia and Abkhazia.     
The next meeting of NATO-Georgia Commission at the ambassadors’ level will be held in Georgia in autumn 2011.

Staatsminister für Reintegration Eka Tkeshelashvili informiert Abgeordnete über die Umsetzung des "Aktionsplan zum Engagement" in den besetzten Gebieten - 15.04.2011, Civil Georgia
Zur Einführung neutraler Reisedokumente und Identifikationskarten müssen eine Anzahl von GEsetzesänderungen initiert werden.
Tbilisi hopes to make available neutral travel documents for the residents of the breakaway regions by the end of this year, Eka Tkeshelashvili, the Georgian state minister for reintegration, said on April 14.
At a hearing of the parliamentary ad hoc commission on territorial integrity she briefed lawmakers about the process of implementation of Georgia's State Strategy on Occupied Territories and its Action Plan for Engagement.
Issuing of neutral travel documents and identification cards is envisaged by Action Plan for Engagement, adopted last July.
Authorities in Sokhumi and Tskhinvali are often complaining that the residents of the regions, which hold Russian passports, are denied in entry visas to Europe and the United States.
Apart of allowing holders of these documents to travel abroad, they will also be able to gain access to social and education services available in the rest of Georgia, according to the Action Plan,
The issuing of such documents will require number of legislative amendments, which have yet to be initiated.
Speaking at the parliamentary commission hearing, State Minister, Eka Tkeshelashvili, said that accepting such document would in no way mean obtaining Georgian citizenship; she said the document would not even have the Georgian state symbols. She also said that the Georgian authorities did not expect "large-scale" use of those documents.
Tkeshelashvili said that Tbilisi was negotiating with number of countries separately to secure that the neutral travel documents are accepted by those countries when considering visa applications.
"We will be able to secure freedom of movement [for the residents of Abkhazia and South Ossetia] through legal means and through bypassing those illegal passports, which were issued by Russia," she said.
She said that so far healthcare sector was providing most of the potential for engagement with residents of the breakaway regions. She said there were increasing number of cases when residents from those regions were arriving in rest of Georgia for medical reasons. She said Georgia spent GEL 1.4 million last year for that purpose.
Tkeshelashvili also said that because of sensitivity of the issue and in order not to undermine the process the Georgian government "is not speaking much about it and is not publicizing" such cases when medical assistance is provided to the residents of the breakaway regions.

Georgien erklärt, dass die Entscheidung des int. Gerichtshofs Raum läßt für weitere juristische Schritte gegn Russland - 01.04.2011, Civil Georgia
“This case is not over with today’s hearing,” Tina Burjaliani, the deputy justice minister, who was representing the Georgian government at the hearings, said in a televised remarks from The Hague. “We are not going to stop our pursuit of justice because of coming upon a simple obstacle. We believe that this dispute should be resolved through international legal means and Russia should be held responsible for its illegal acts.” In a written statement released shortly after the ruling was announced the Georgian government said that the ICJ’s decision “leaves open the possibility that once formal negotiations have been exhausted, it will have jurisdiction over the case.” ...
Georgien's Fall gegen Russland scheitert darin, in der Sache selbst am Gerichtshof fortzufahren - 01.04.2011, Civil Georgia
  • Georgia's Reaction to ICJ's Ruling
  • Russia's Reaction to ICJ's Ruling 
  • In its case filed before ICJ more than two years ago, Georgia claimed that Russia violated its obligations under the 1965 International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination (CERD) during three distinct phases of its interventions in South Ossetia and Abkhazia in the period from 1990 to August 2008. ...

    Hansjörg Haber, Leiter der "EU Monitoring Mission in Georgia" (EUMM) äußert sich zum russisch-georgischen Konflikt  - 11.03.2011, Civil Georgia
    * ‘Wir sitzen fest, machen keine Fortschritte in der Konfliktlösung’;
    * ‘Russland hat einen großen Teil seines Einflusses über Georgien verloren’;
    * ‘Russland weiß nicht, wie es seinen Einfluss wiedererlangen kann’;
    * ‘Russlands Politik gegenüber Georgien ist nicht kreativ’;
    * ‘Georgien’s Politik gegenüber Russland ist ziemlich einseitig';
    * ‘Will Georgien diplomatische Schlachten gewinnen oder will Reintegration?’
        * ‘We are stuck, not progressing to conflict resolution’;
        * ‘Russia has lost great part of influence over Georgia’;
        * ‘It doesn’t know how to regain this influence’;
        * ‘Russian policy towards Georgia not creative’;
        * ‘Georgia’s policy towards Russia quite one-sided;
        * ‘Georgia wants to win diplomatic battles or wants to promote reintegration?’
    Moscow, whose policy towards Tbilisi is “not imaginative”, has lost great part of its influence over Georgia and is “at a loss how to re-establish” it, while Tbilisi’s policy towards Moscow lacks multi-dimensional approach and is “quite one-sided,” Hansjörg Haber, head of the EU Monitoring Mission in Georgia (EUMM), said.
    Haber, who offered his straightforward personal assessment on current state of affairs in respect of Russian-Georgian conflict and breakaway regions of Abkhazia and South Ossetia, said at the NATO Parliamentary Assembly’s Rose-Roth Seminar in Tbilisi on March 23, that the conflict was “not progressing” towards its resolution.
    The German diplomat, who is expected to leave his post in Georgia soon, was invited to speak on a panel with Georgian State Minister for Reintegration Eka Tkeshelashvili and Deputy Secretary of National Security Council Batu Kutelia to discuss Georgia-Russia conflict.
    Speaking about the conflict with Russia “is inviting me to trespass beyond the confines of my mandate, which I gladly do on the understanding that these are my private opinions based on experience gained during the past two and half years,” he told the audience at the conference.
    Haber has been leading EUMM since its deployment in Georgia after the August war in October, 2008.
    “Clearly for historical, political, economic and not least sentimental and touristic reasons Georgia is still the big prize for Russia in the Transcaucasus,” Haber said after briefly reviewing troubled history of Georgian-Russian relations starting from 1783 Georgievsk Treaty under which eastern Georgia became the Russian empire’s protectorate. He said that Georgia was bigger prize for Russia in this region, than Armenia and Azerbaijan.
    He said that his Georgian interlocutors were often telling him that ‘Russians love Georgia, but they do not love the Georgian statehood.’
    That’s “probably fair enough,” the European diplomat said.
    'Russia lost Leverage'
    Haber recalled that he first had to deal with Georgia as a diplomat while working for the German Foreign Ministry in charge of UN missions in 1996, when Germany had a significant presence in UN Monitoring Mission in Georgia – now closed down mission which was monitoring ceasefire in Abkhazia. He said that diplomatic cables coming from Tbilisi were “the most complicated.” As a rule, he continued, his colleagues were telling him that Russia was just using Abkhazia and South Ossetia to regain Georgia back to its own orbit.
    “Indeed Russia used the two de facto entities to gain leverage over Georgia. If that was so then the recognition of the two entities [by Russia] has changed the picture and we have number of indications that this was a decision that was hotly contested in the Russian foreign policy establishment,” Haber said.
    He said that by doing so Russia had lost the leverage of using threat of recognition of these two regions as a tool to “blackmail Georgia to return into the fold of [Russia’s] near abroad.”
    “I think Russia has lost great part of its influence over Georgia,” he added.
    He said that in October, 2008 when the EU Monitoring Mission was deployed in Georgia officials in Tbilisi were telling him that Russia had three goals: to topple President Saakashvili; to undermine Georgia’s role as an energy transit route and to forever bar Georgia from becoming NATO member.
    “This latter argument [about NATO membership] – it is up to you to decide where Georgia is; as far as toppling of the President and the threat for the transport of hydrocarbons through the South Caucasus energy corridor – these fears have abated a lot over the past two and a half years,” Haber said.
    'Russians don’t Know How to Regain Influence over Georgia'
    Haber said that “the game Russians are playing” in the Geneva talks involved trying to move from its role as a party into the conflict to the role of peace-manager, claiming that it was not at all party into the conflict, which, the European diplomat said, “is clearly absurd”.
    He said Russia also started again to insist on non-use of force agreement. Russia had been insisting on, what it called, legally binding non-use of force agreement between Tbilisi and Sokhumi and Tbilisi and Tskhinvali, which Georgia was against of. Last year Russia proposed unilateral non-use of force declarations to be made separately by Tbilisi, Sokhumi and Tskhinvali. But after President Saakashvili made such unilateral non-use of force pledge at the European Parliament on November 23, Moscow started to again insist on a written agreement between the sides, but at the same time refusing to make itself part of such agreement.
    “What are the Russians doing? Now in Geneva [discussions], for example, they have renewed their demand for written guarantees of Georgia of the non-use of force in additional to guarantee that President Saakashvili gave last November in the European Parliament and they are linking that with a demand for a Russian role as a co-guarantor of the non-use of force, whereas they do not want to perceive themselves as party to the conflict – this is clearly absurd, but it indicates for me that the Russians are at a loss how to re-establish their influence over Georgia,” Haber said.
    “They also entertain contacts with the Georgian opposition, which is fair enough and basically legitimate; every country does this kind of thing,” he added.
    “So my feeling, also from talking to Russians in the framework of the Geneva negotiations and in Moscow, is that Russians don’t really know at this stage how to regain influence over Georgia and they try to lean forward by demanding this guarantor role, but they know very well that this is not going to come true.”
    “So clearly the Russian policy towards Georgia is not very imaginative at this stage,” Haber said.
    ‘Georgia’s One-Sided Policy’
    He said that on the other hand Georgia’s policy towards Russia “is also not very multi-dimensional and it is quite one-sided.”
    “Basically it consists of using international leverage to demonstrate the continued character of the principle of territorial integrity, which of course we all support and therefore additional confirmations of the principle of territorial integrity tend to demonstrate the principle of diminishing returns,” Haber said.
    He also said that Georgia was not engaging directly with Russia and instead was doing it through its American and European partners, “using their leverage over Russia.”
    Haber warned that some of Georgia’s demands would hardly promote Tbilisi’s objective of reintegration of Abkhazia and South Ossetia.
    He cited an example of Georgia’s demand in respect of Russia’s WTO bid, wherein Tbilisi in exchange of its consent for Russia’s WTO entry wants to have some sort of control over the trade at the Abkhaz and South Ossetian sections of the Georgian-Russian border.
    “Legally this is certainly justified demand,” Haber said, but added that even if this demand would materialize “what is going to change in terms of ultimate Georgian objective of reintegration of Abkhazia and South Ossetia?”
    “I do not see any contribution towards this national goal”.
    “So there is really question of whether Georgia wants to win diplomatic battles to underscore again the principle of territorial integrity or whether it wants to promote reintegration,” he added.
    After Haber’s remarks Georgian lawmaker from the ruling party, Giorgi Kandelaki, who is deputy chair of parliamentary committee for foreign affairs, responded that by pushing the issue of border-crossing control and transparency Tbilisi was trying to add more “political dynamic” to the issue, which would contribute to the reintegration objective.
    ‘We are Stuck’
    In his remarks Haber also said that it would be a good idea to think about building relations “with de factor regimes in Abkhazia and South Ossetia as if Russians were not there and let’s build relationship with Russia as if the Abkhazians and South Ossetians were not there.”
    “Because otherwise you are giving the Russians evermore of leverage, which you are actually want to avoid,” he said.
    The European diplomat also mentioned in his remarks differences and conflicts which sometimes emerge in Russia’s relations with Sokhumi, as well as with Tskhinvali.
    In this context he said that the Georgian authorities’ treatment of Sokhumi and Tskhinvali as mere Russian puppets was further pushing the two regions “deeper into Russia” and such approach was not advancing the cause of reintegration.
    He also spoke of “notable differences” between Abkhazia and South Ossetia.
    “South Ossetian diplomacy,” he said, “is angry; it’s passionate; it’s exaggerating, but they are still closer to Georgia.”
    “Abkhazia is different – they are more moderate, but… they are completely cold with respect to Georgia,” Haber said.
    He also said that both Abkhazia and South Ossetia “need strong gestures from Georgia to consider alternatives to the present relationship with Russia.”
    He said Tbilisi had done “a lot of work” in this regard and added that Georgia’s State Strategy on Occupied Territories was the first step and its Action Plan for Engagement “had the potential to develop into a really effective program.”
    “At the moment, I and many other observers have the feeling that we are stuck with this conflict and we are not progressing towards its resolution, which, from our point of view, is reintegration [of Abkhazia and South Ossetia] or at least very close rapprochement of the two entities back to Georgia, which is what we all support,” Haber said.
    Hansjörg Haber: Russland verliert Einfluss - 23.03.2011, shortnews
    Nach Einschätzung des deutschen Chefs der EU-Beobachtermission in Georgien (EUMM), Hansjörg Haber, verliert Russland durch die einseitige Anerkennung der von Georgien abtrünnigen Gebiete Abchasien und Südossetien an Einfluss in der Region.
    Moskaus Politik gegenüber Tbilisi mangle es an Kreativität. Man wisse nicht, wie man verlorenen Einfluss wieder zurückgewinnen könne. Durch die Anerkennung Abchasiens und Südossetiens habe man ein Druckmittel aus der Hand gegeben.
    International steht Russland mit der Anerkennung alleine da. Haber lobte die Erklärung der georgischen Regierung vor dem EU-Parlament über eine Nichtanwendung von Gewalt. Er bemängelte, dass Russland nicht ebenfalls erkläre, auf Gewalt zukünftig verzichten zu wollen.

    US-Vizepräsident Biden in Moskau: Russland und USA sind über Georgien anderer Meinung - 11.03.2011, Civil Georgia
    "Es ist noch viel Arbeit zu erledigen, um unsere Sicherheitszusammenarbeut und Nähe zu verbessern."  "Wir meinen, dass ein größeres Prinzip auf dem Spiel steht. Wie in bereits München 2009 gesagt,  ... 'unsere Sichtweise wird bleiben, dass souveräne Staaten das Recht haben, ihre eigenen Entscheidungen zu treffen und ihre eigenen Allianzen zu wählen.' Und weiterhin: 'Wir werden anerkennen, dass irgendein Staat eine Einflusszone habe.' Und nahezu ohne Rücksicht auf die Schwierigkeit - wir unterstützen keinen Staat, welcher mit Gewalt veranlassen will, die Führschaft einer gewählten - demokratisch gewählten Einzelperson zu ändern."
    “Genuine disagreement” remains between Russia and the United States over Georgia, U.S. Vice President, Joe Biden, said while speaking at the State University in Moscow on March 10.
    In his speech he spoke about the benefits Russia and the United States received in various areas two years after pressing “reset button”; he, however, also said that there “is still much work to be done to enhance our security cooperation and closeness”.
    “We have a genuine disagreement not only with your [Russian] leadership but with the vast majority of the Russian people over Georgia,” Biden told the audience at the Moscow State University. “But there’s a larger principle at stake here in our view – and I want to be straightforward because if friends cannot be straightforward with friends, it really isn’t friendship based on mutual trust.”
    “We think there’s a larger principle at stake here. As I said when I announced the reset at Munich [Security Conference in February, 2009] I said, ‘It will remain our view that sovereign states have the right to make their own decisions and choose their own alliances.’ And further: ‘We will not recognize any state having a sphere of influence.’ And almost regardless of the difficulty, we don't support any state deciding through force changing the leadership of an elected – democratically elected individual,” Biden said.
    He said the U.S. had been working closely with Russia and Georgia “to reduce the threat of further conflict.”
    “As a result, Georgia recently restated its commitment non-use of force, and commercial flights have resumed between Moscow and Tbilisi. But we must do more to assist those displaced by the 2008 conflict and enable normal travel and commerce to occur,” the U.S. Vice President added.

    Nächstes Treffen zur WTO im April erwartet - 11.03.2011, Civil Georgia
    Georgian and Russian negotiators are expected to hold next meeting to discuss Moscow’s WTO bid in April, although no exact date is yet known, the Georgian PM’s spokesman, Niko Mchedlishvili, told Civil.ge on Friday.
    He declined to discuss details of the meeting, which was held between the negotiators in the Swiss capital Bern on March 10.
    Georgian PM’s senior aide Tamar Kovziridze and Deputy Foreign Minister Sergi Kapanadze participated in the meeting with the Russian negotiators in Bern.
    The meeting was held with the facilitation of the Swiss side, which acts as a diplomatic mediator between the two countries after Georgia and Russia cut diplomatic ties following the August, 2008 war.
    Washington was “very proactive in encouraging” Russia and Georgia to sit down for Swiss-mediated talks in Bern, but U.S. officials are playing no role in the talks, The New York Times reported quoting a senior U.S. administration official who spoke on the condition of anonymity.

    Bildhauerin und Botschafterin - 11.03.2011, Welt
    Zu einem ganz besonderen, interessanten Abend lud Kristina Tröger, Vorsitzende des Landesverbands Deutscher Unternehmerinnen Hamburg/Schleswig- Holstein. Rund 50 Managerinnen kamen ins Hotel "Vier Jahreszeiten" zum Dinner mit Vortrag und anschließender Diskussion. Gastrednerin war I. E. Gabriela von Habsburg, 53, Botschafterin von Georgien und renommierte Bildhauerin. Ihre abstrakten Edelstahlskulpturen sind in zahlreichen internationalen Museen zu finden. Studiert hat die Mutter von drei erwachsenen Kindern an der Akademie für bildende Künste in München. Die Tochter von Otto von Habsburg, 99, Sohn des letzten österreichischen Kaisers, fühlt sich seit ihrem ersten Besuch 1999 Georgien in besonderer Weise verbunden. Seit 2001 arbeitet Gabriela von Habsburg als Professorin an der Staatlichen Kunstakademie in Tiflis. 2007 erhielt sie die georgische Staatsbürgerschaft und 2010 wurde sie zur Botschafterin von Georgien in Deutschland ernannt. "Mein Bestreben als Botschafterin ist es, diesem wundervollen Land und seinen Bewohnern die Aufmerksamkeit zu verschaffen, die sie verdienen - politisch, wirtschaftlich und kulturell." In Hamburg ist ihr das bei den anwesenden Damen bestens gelungen.

    US-Tycoon Trump baut Wolkenkratzer in Georgien - 11.03.2011, finanznachrichten.de
    US-Milliardär Donald Trump (64) baut für mindestens 250 Millionen US-Dollar (rund 180 Millionen Euro) zwei Wolkenkratzer in der früheren Sowjetrepublik Georgien. Die Hochhäuser in dem immer noch vom Krieg gegen Russland gezeichneten Südkaukasus-Staat entstehen ab 2013 in der Hauptstadt Tiflis sowie im Schwarzmeerort Batumi. Das sagte der Immobilienmogul bei einem Treffen mit dem georgischen Präsidenten Michail Saakaschwili in New York, wie das georgische Staatsfernsehen am Freitag berichtete. Saakaschwili ist zweieinhalb Jahre nach dem Krieg gegen Russland auf Werbetour für Investoren.
    Als erster bedeutender US-Unternehmer stecke nun Trump Geld in ein Projekt in Georgien, hieß es. Mit 40 Stockwerken werde der im Zentrum von Tiflis geplante "Trump Tower Tbilisi" das höchste Gebäude der Metropole, sagte der Tycoon, dessen Vermögen auf 2,7 Milliarden Dollar geschätzt wird. In Batumi entstehe der Wolkenkratzer "Trump Riviera" mit 100 Appartements und einem Kasino sowie einem kleinen Privathafen./DP/zb
    US-Investor Donald Trump unterzeichnet Vertrag zur Entwicklung von zwei Bürotürmen im Wert von 300 Mio. USD - 11.03.2011, Civil Georgia
    U.S. real estate tycoon, Donald Trump, signed a deal at a ceremony in New York in presence of President Saakashvili, to develop two towers in Georgia with an estimated worth of up to USD 300 million.
    Trump will license his name in Georgia and his company will manage the two properties, but so far he has no plans to put his own investment into the deal, The New York Times reported.
    “We’ll decide whether or not we want to invest,” Trump said.
    The Trump Organization, company in charge of Trump’s property development, will work in Georgia with the Silk Road Group, Georgian conglomerate with business interests in transportation, telecommunications, banking and real estate, to line up financing for the project and market the towers.
    The planned projects involve the Trump Tower Tbilisi on Rose Revolution Square, a formerly Republic Square; another is the Trump Riviera in Batumi. Construction, which will be overseen by the Silk Road Group, is scheduled to start in 2013, The New York Times reported.
    After the signing of the deal Donald Trump appeared at a joint news conference with President Saakashvili at the Trump Tower in Manhattan on a background of a large banner reading: “Trump Invests in Georgia”.
    Trump praised Georgia and its leadership saying: “This is a country with amazing leadership.” Trump, who said was thinking about running for the U.S. President in 2012 more seriously now than ever, criticized the Obama administration and said he would decide whether to run or not by June.

    Georgien eröffnet in Bern eine Botschaft - 07.03.2011, Bieler Tagblatt
    Georgien wird neben seiner Botschaft bei der UNO in Genf auch in Bern eine Botschaft eröffnen. Dies kündigte das Aussendepartement (EDA) am Montag nach einem Treffen zwischen Bundespräsidentin Micheline Calmy-Rey und dem georgischen Aussenminister Grigol Vashadze an. ...

    Die Anti-Korruptions-Revolution - 07.03.2011, der Standard
    von Tatjana Montik aus Tiflis
    Tamar Meschischwili ist Politologiestudentin an der Tifliser Dschawakischwili-Universität. In der Jugendzeit von Tamars Eltern und bis vor kurzem war in Georgien die Korruption im Bildungswesen eine durch und durch gängige Praxis. Als sich die 18-jährige Tamar im Vorjahr um einen Studienplatz an der Uni bewarb und anschließend einen Aufnahmetest machte, brauchten Tamars Eltern, einfache Arbeiter, sich keine Sorgen zu machen, wo sie die hohen Schmiergelder für die Mitglieder der Universitätskommission hernehmen sollten. Denn Korruption an Schulen und Universitäten ist in Georgien kein Thema mehr.
    Im Zuge einer Reform, die nach dem Amtsantritt Präsident Michail Saakaschwilis 2004 eingeleitet wurde, wurden die Universitätsverwaltungen von der zentralen Platzvergabestelle getrennt. Die verschlüsselten Aufnahmetests werden seither in einem elektronischen Verfahren durchgeführt. Schwer zu glauben: Wenn früher ein Studienplatz die Eltern eines Studenten dutzende tausend Euro an Schmiergeldern kosten konnte, wird heute alles in einem unabhängigen und fairen Wettbewerb entschieden. ...
    Bis zur Rosenrevolution im Jahre 2003 galt Georgien in den internationalen Rankings als eines der korruptesten Länder der Welt. Heute liegt Georgien etwa im Corruption Perception Index von Transparency International an der 68. Stelle, gleichauf mit mehreren EU-Ländern und sogar noch vor Bulgarien, Rumänien und Griechenland. Georgiens Nachbarn Armenien und Aserbaidschan Platz 124 und 134, Russland 154.
    Die ersten Reformen der neuen Regierung galten vor allem dem Staatsapparat, in dem die alten Kader durch junge Fachleute ersetzt wurden, von denen viele Diplome ausländischer Universitäten in der Hand hatten. ...
    Am beeindruckendsten von allen erscheint die Reform der Polizei. Tatsächlich hat es die neue Regierung damals geschafft, sich fast über Nacht eines der übelsten Überbleibsel der Sowjetepoche, der korrupten und banditenähnlichen Verkehrsmiliz, genannt GAI, zu entledigen. Die reformierte Polizei erhielt nicht nur neue Uniformen, Dienstwagen, Waffen und wesentlich bessere Gehälter, sondern auch eine völlig neue Arbeitsdevise: "Dienst am Bürger". ... Und dieses Konzept zeitigte Wirkung: Laut aktuellen Umfragen vertrauen heute 80 Prozent der Bevölkerung der Polizei - im Vergleich zu vier Prozent unter dem Präsidenten und sowjetischen Exaußenminister Eduard Schewardnadse. Die Erfolge im Kampf gegen die Korruption werden auch von der Opposition anerkannt, die sonst kein gutes Haar an der Regierung lässt. ...
    Auf der Internetseite des georgischen Präsidenten gibt es sogar ein Formular "Korruption anzeigen". Dort können Bürger ihnen bekannte Korruptionsfälle in der Administration des Präsidenten melden, wobei ihnen Datenschutz garantiert wird.
    Problem Justiz: "Der Oberste Gerichtshof Georgiens ist bis heute eine schwache Institution, er hat nicht genügend Mittel und Experten, die die wirklichen Korruptionsfälle im Bereich der Regierung unabhängig recherchieren könnten. Die Staatsanwaltschaft ist bis heute nicht unabhängig, oft gibt es den Vorwurf der politischen Steuerung." ... Trotz aller noch vorhandenen Defizite scheint Georgien aber neben den baltischen Staaten das einzige Land der ehemaligen Sowjetunion, dem eine wirkliche Annäherung an das politische System des Westens gelungen ist. Die meisten Experten sind sich einig: Den unbestreitbaren Erfolg in politischen und institutionellen Bereichen hat Georgien seiner Ausrichtung zur EU und zu den USA zu verdanken.

    Georgien und Russland nehmen die WTO-Gespräche wieder auf - 07.03.2011, Civil Georgia
    Negotiators from Georgia and Russia over Moscow’s WTO bid will meet this week in Bern, Nikoloz Vashakidze, the Georgian first deputy foreign minister, said on March 7.
    “We have received an official initiative from the Russian side over launch of talks. As you are aware the Georgian side has always been expressing readiness for negotiations and the Georgian delegation will leave for Bern to participate in talks either on March 9 or March 10,” Vashakidze said, but declined to elaborate details of the upcoming talks, saying it would be inappropriate to do so ahead of negotiations.

    Russischer stellvertrender Außenminister: Tochka-U-Raketen nur "vorübergehend" in Südossetien stationiert - 06.03.2011, Civil Georgia
    Russia deployed its tactical-operational missile unit with Tochka-U rockets in South Ossetia "temporarily" for training purposes, Grigory Karasin, Russia's deputy foreign minister, told RIA Novosti news agency on March 4.
    "Tochka-U installations were deployed on the territory of South Ossetia for participation in the military exercises of our military base; they were deployed there temporarily," he said.
    Karasin, however, did not specify when the rockets would be withdrawn.
    He said that in the beginning of May Russia would submit to OSCE in frames of Global Exchange of Military Information (GEMI) mechanism detailed information about its military presence in Abkhazia and South Ossetia. GEMI is an annual data exchange regime covering major weapons and personnel stationed outside the territory of OSCE participating state.
    Deployment of Tochka-U (SS-21 Scarab B) short-range tactical ballistic missiles, in South Ossetia was first reported in late January.
    The Georgian Foreign Ministry said at the time that the deployment of Tochka-U rockets, which have maximum range of 120 kilometers, “points clearly to the Russian Federation's plans to launch open military aggression against Georgia.”

    Michael McFaul, Assistent Obamas im Weißen Haus, äußert sich zu den WTO-Gesprächen zwischen Russland und Georgien - 05.03.2011, Civil Georgia
    Das Weiße Haus habe keine Rolle. Ein Prozess sei im Gange. Man will nicht im Voraus dazu urteilen, da man nicht beteiligt sei. Moskau könne nicht auf uns warte, dass wir Georgien zu Handlungenbringen, da wir das nicht machen werden ...

    Schach-EM der Damen in Georgien - 05.03.2011, shortnews.de
    Die Schacheuropameisterschaft der Damen findet dieses Jahr in der georgischen Hauptstadt Tbilisi statt. Die Wettkämpfe werden vom 6. bis 19. Mai 2011 im Sheraton Metechi Palace Tbilisi veranstaltet. Amtierender Champion ist die Schwedin Pia Cramling. Sie gewann den Titel im letzten Jahr im kroatischen Rijeka.
    Für Deutschland wird auch Ketino Kachiani-Gersinska die Figuren führen.
    google.de - Kachiani-Gersinska - de.wikipedia - Nationalmannschaft/2008/olympia
    ihre Partien - her games - Nationalmannschaft - etc.

    2009: Schachgroßmeisterin Ketino Kachiani-Gersinska unterstützt "Wir helfen Afrika"

    US- Diplomat Philip H. Gordon zum Begriff 'besetzt': die Verwendung dieses Begriffes durch Washington sei nicht als "Provokation" gemeint, sondern einfach als eine Beschreibung der Situation vor Ort - 04.03.2011, Civil Georgia
    U.S. Assistant Secretary of State for European and Eurasian Affairs, Philip H. Gordon, said that use of term 'occupied' by Washington in reference to Abkhazia and South Ossetia was not meant to be a "provocation," but simply description of situation on the ground.
    "Secretary Clinton referred to Russian occupation of Georgia. We don’t know what else to call it," he said while speaking at the Global Security 2011 Forum in Bratislava on March 3.
    "We respect Georgia’s sovereignty and territorial integrity. We believe that Russia used disproportionate force and remains present in what we consider to be sovereign Georgia. So it’s [use of term 'occupied'] not meant to be a particular provocation, it’s just a description of what we think the situation is," he said and added that the U.S. had been "very active in the Geneva talks and bilaterally with Russia to try to bring about an end to what we consider to be a military occupation."
    He made the remarks while responding to a question about Georgia. Responding to the same question, Gordon said that there was no basis for Georgians to think that Washington abandoned its support to Georgia at the expense of its reset policy with Moscow.
    "We have some differences with Russia. We’re not shy about expressing them. And one of them is Georgia, and I think we’ve managed to have a better relationship with Russia in lots of important ways but without, as I said here, sacrificing our principles or our friends. Georgia is one of our friends and there are some important principles involved in that relationship," Gordon said.
    "We have an intensive and active bilateral relationship. We raise Georgia’s sovereignty and territorial integrity directly with the Russians pretty much every time we see them. We don’t hesitate to do that. We’re clear that we view it as an occupation," he said.

    Buchtipp: Die Utopie hat längst begonnen - 02.03.2011, baublatt.ch
    Wer mit ehemaligen Sowjetstaaten trostlose Plattenbauten assoziert, liegt falsch. Das zeigt Fréderic Chaubin in seinem Fotoband: Während rund sieben Jahren hat er dort fantastische Gebilde und aus Eisen und Beton aufgespürt, u.a. das Georgische Ministerium für Autobahnen in Tiflis (Georgien), 1974. Klobige, ineinander verkeilte Betonwinkel ragen aus den Baumkronen. Die Zeit hat ihre Spuren am bizarren Gebäude hinterlassen, was ihm einen leicht morbiden Charme verleiht. Es steht in Tiflis und wurde einst für das georgische Ministerium für Autobahnen gebaut.
    In der georgischen Hauptstadt hat auch alles angefangen: Im Sommer 2003 stöberte der französische Fotograf Frédéric Chaubin dort in einem Antiquariat einen Band über die Architekturgeschichte des sowjetischen Georgien auf. Die Bilder der monumentalen Bauten zogen ihn in ihren Bann. Sie sollten wenig später den Grundstein für ein eigenes Werk abgeben. Das ahnte er damals wohl kaum. ...

    Georgien-Konflikt: Russland verstärkt Militär in Südossetien - 01.03.2011, dw-world
    Trotz internationaler Proteste hat Russland seine Militärpräsenz in der vom Kaukasus-Staat Georgien abtrünnigen Region Südossetien um 300 auf insgesamt 1200 Soldaten verstärkt. Zudem werde Moskau den Küstenschutz des ebenfalls abtrünnigen Gebiets Abchasien von sechs auf acht Kriegsschiffe ausbauen, erklärte ein Armeesprecher in Moskau. Dies sei eine Reaktion auf Provokationen der georgischen Regierung in Tiflis. ...

    Südafrikas Farmer zieht es in den Kaukasus - 01.03.2011, shortnews
    Auf Einladung der georgischen Regierung kamen 90 südafrikanische Farmer im Februar nach Georgien und genossen die herzliche Gastfreundschaft. Viele Farmer fühlen sich zu Hause nicht mehr sicher, da seit 1992 in Südafrika bereits 3.000 weiße Einwohner ermordet wurden. Außerdem müssen sie befürchten, früher oder später enteignet zu werden. Die Farmer aus Südafrika können verbilligtes Land in Georgien bekommen, wenn sie neue Jobs schaffen. Die Südafrikaner sollen modernstes landwirtschaftliches Know How nach Georgien bringen und bekommen dafür eine neue Heimat. Viele zeigen nach dem Besuch großes Interesse an einem Umzug in die schöne Kaukasusrepublik.

    Vor 20 Jahren zerfiel die Sowjetunion - 01.03.2011, Kleine Zeitung.at
    Vor 20 Jahren zerfiel die Sowjetunion, ein totalitärer Staat, der den Kommunismus predigte, aber zutiefst Menschenrechte verachtete. Millionen Menschen fanden damals Freiheit. Doch für viele Ex-Sowjetbürger hat sich bis heute nichts geändert.
    Als "größte geopolitische Katastrophe des Jahrhunderts" hat der russische Regierungschef Wladimir Putin einmal das Ende der Sowjetunion bezeichnet. In diesem Jahr erinnern Russland und die anderen 14 Ex-Sowjetrepubliken an das Ende des 1922 gegründeten kommunistischen Machtblocks. 20 Jahre ist es her, dass sich die Sowjetunion auflöste. Bei den einen herrscht Wehmut über den Untergang der kommunistischen Großmacht, die für den Westen das "Imperium des Bösen" war. Andere etwa im Baltikum und in Georgien feiern das Ende der Moskauer Gängelung und ihre Unabhängigkeit. In Weißrussland und Zentralasien mit den Staaten Usbekistan, Turkmenistan, Kasachstan und Tadschikistan wiederum hat sich die Lage für die Menschen kaum geändert. ...
    Rückschritte
    Und auch Russland bewegt sich aus Sicht von Menschenrechtlern und Politologen eher in die autoritären Zeiten vor Gorbatschow zurück als vorwärts in Richtung Demokratie. Millionen Menschen in der DDR, im Ostblock und in den Ex-Sowjetrepubliken im Baltikum konnten das Ende des Kommunismus für sich in ein Leben in Freiheit in der Europäischen Union ummünzen, wie das kremlkritische Nachrichtenmagazin "The New Times" schreibt. ... Geblieben sind die Territorialkonflikte etwa in der von der Republik Moldau abtrünnigen Region Transnistrien, die unter Moskauer Kontrolle steht. ... Die von Georgien beanspruchten Regionen Südossetien und Abchasien erkannte Russland nach einem Krieg im August 2008 gegen den Protest des Westens als unabhängige Staaten an. Der georgische Präsident Michail Saakaschwili wirft Putin seit langem vor, einen Staatenbund nach dem Vorbild der Sowjetunion errichten zu wollen. ...

    Kirchenoberhaupt Ilia II ruft die russische und georgische Führung auf, "Weißheit zu zeigen" und Gespräche auf verschiedensten Ebenen zwischen den beiden Ländern zu starten - 01.03.2011, Civil Georgia
    Head of the Georgian Orthodox Church, Ilia II, called on the Georgian and Russian leaders "to show wisdom" and launch talks "on various levels" between the two countries.
    The Georgian President administration said on March 1, that the call was in line with the Georgian authorities' willingness to start talks "anytime, anywhere and on any issue".
    “I call on the leaders of the both countries to show wisdom, courage and start dialogue at various levels in order to discuss and resolve accumulated difficult issues,” Ilia II said in a written statement.
    “We should spare no efforts in order to avoid continued negative trends and their deepening... We should take into consideration lessons of the past and look into the future with taking into consideration interests of our people and countries… Enmity between the neighbors is inadmissible,” the statement reads.
    It also says that current negative rhetoric does not contribute to the rapprochement between the sides.  
    The statement was released before a planned visit of the Georgian Orthodox Church's delegation to Moscow. The delegation will be led by head of foreign relations service of the Georgian church, Metropolitan Gerasime.
    Manana Manjgaladze, the Georgian President's spokesperson, said on March 1, that Ilia II's statement "fully voices aspiration, which the Georgian authorities have."
    "Position of the Georgian President is well-known both for the Georgian population and the international community. We reiterate our full readiness to launch a full-scale dialogue with the Russian Federation anytime, anyplace on any issue," she said.
    After President Saakashvili reiterated in his state of nation address on February 11 his willingness to engage in a dialogue with Russia, Moscow reacted by saying that Saakashvili's statement was “a PR move" and "a new clumsy attempt to portray himself as a constructive and peace-loving politician.”
    “It is hardly possible to perceive these statements seriously, at least because they are accompanied by rude anti-Russian rhetoric, confrontational and insulting attacks in address of the Russian Federation,” Russian Foreign Ministry’s spokesman, Alexander Lukashevich, said on February 17.

    RUSSISCHE ANSCHULDIGUNGEN GEGEN GEORGIEN WEGEN ANSCHLAG
    Russische Berichte: 'vorschnell, mit dem Finger auf Georgien zu zeigen wegen des Domodedovo-Anschlags' - 01.03.2011, Civil Georgia
    Russian news agency, Interfax, reported on March 1 quoting an unnamed representative of Russia's National Counter-Terrorism Committee (NAK), that it was premature to blame anyone, including Georgian leadership, for masterminding January terrorist attack at Domodedovo airport in Moscow.
    "Before the investigation into this case is ongoing, any version about who ordered it or about accomplices can be considered as a personal opinion and nothing more," a representative of National Counter-Terrorism Committee (NAK) was quoted.
    Alexander Torshin, deputy speaker of Russia's Federal Council and a member of NAK - Russia's government body coordinating anti-terrorism policies, said in February 25 newspaper interview, that he was sure the terrorist act at Domodedovo was ordered by the Georgian leadership.
    Georgian President's spokesperson, Manan Manjgaladze, said on March 1 that this allegation such "absurd" that it was not even worth of commenting.
    Georgian Deputy Foreign Minister, Nino Kalandadze, said on February 28, that the it was a “purposeful provocation” and “absolutely groundless allegation."
    Russischer Senator Alexander Torshin: 'Georgien bestellte den Domodedovo-Anschlag' - 27.02.2011, Civil Georgia
    Senior Russian senator’s statement that Georgia ordered Domodedovo airport attack was a “purposeful provocation” and “absolutely groundless allegation,” Nino Kalandadze, the Georgian deputy foreign minister, said at a news conference on February 28.
    Alexander Torshin, deputy speaker of Russia's upper house of the Parliament, Federal Council, said in an interview with the Russian newspaper, that he did not believe Islamist militants were behind the January terrorist act at the Moscow airport and blamed Georgia for ordering the attack. Torshin is a member of National Counter-terrorism Committee (NAK), which is Russia's government body coordinating anti-terrorism policies.
    “Even the Russian law enforcement agencies have made not a single indication about the Georgian trace,” the Georgian Foreign Minister said.
    She said that the allegation probably aimed at “serious intentions” going beyond just voicing an opinion of an individual Russian official.  Allegations of this type, she said, were worth of attention both of Tbilisi and the international community.
    “These [allegations] seem to be the part of Russian special service’s policy,” Kalandadze said and added that instead of protecting its citizens the Russian special services were “more skilled in organizing terrorist acts on the sovereign territory of the neighbor.”
    A senior Georgian lawmaker from the ruling party, Giorgi Gabashvili, said that Torshin’s allegation was “an impudent delirium.”

    Präsident Saakashvili anläßlich des "Tages der sowjetischen Okkupation": ‘sterbendes Reich träumt immer noch’ davon, Georgien zu besetzen - 25.02.2011, Civil Georgia
    Russia is still “dreaming” about taking over Georgia like the Bolshevik Red Army did it on February 25 ninety years ago, President Saakashvili said.
    He was speaking in the Museum of Occupation in Tbilisi before students from school of cadets, marking the day when the Bolshevik’s Red Army took over Tbilisi in 1921. Last July, the Georgian Parliament declared February 25 as the Day of Soviet Occupation.
    “Significant parts of Georgia are still occupied,” Saakashvili said. “The same empire, which carried out February 25 of 1921, is dreaming about abolishing Georgia’s sovereignty; how to repeat the February 25 is still discussed in those same rooms, where that tragic day [February 25, 1921] was planned. I remember that during our first meeting Putin proudly told me he was sitting in Stalin’s room in the Kremlin.”
    “The only difference is that at that time [in 1921] this empire was being born and now it is dying and is on the stage of waning; at that time it was starting moving towards the world domination and on this road Georgia was one small obstacle… now it has lost influence; its positions are weakening on daily basis and Georgia is its last chance to maintain its positions or at least some sort of illusive status of empire. So now we have to be especially careful and mobilized,” Saakashvili said.
    He said that Georgia’s major achievement of recent years was establishment of statehood with a political class for which Georgia was no longer regarded as a province of any empire. He also said that in 1990s Georgia would have avoided all those “traps”, which Russia placed, if the country had the same political class.
    “Today we have the state, state institutions, citizens realize responsibility before the state and the state fulfills its major commitments towards its citizens. That’s our major achievement, which makes it impossible to reverse the history and to repeat the February 25 of 1921,” Saakashvili said.
    February 25 Declared Day of Soviet Occupation

    Stellvertretendender Außenminister Tornike Gordadze: Gespräche zum Freihandelsabkommen mit der EU bleiben 'schwierig' - 16.02.2011, Civil Georgia
    Preliminary talks on deep and comprehensive free trade agreement (DCFTA) are the "most difficult" part of Association Agreement negotiations between Georgia and the EU, Tornike Gordadze, the Georgian deputy foreign minister, said in an interview with Brussels-based EUobserver.com on February 12.
    Gordadze, who was appointed on the post of deputy foreign minister last summer, is Georgia’s chief negotiator in talks on Association Agreement with EU.
    "We had quite serious preconditions in 2008, which we considered we've fulfilled and even went beyond,” Gordadze was quoted by EUobserver.com. “For instance, we've unilaterally abolished import taxes on 86 percent of the goods from the EU and made progress on food safety and intellectual property rights."
    In July, 2010 when Georgia and EU launched Association Agreement, Saakashvili said that he hoped to have deep and comprehensive free trade agreement with EU in two years as a result of Association Agreement talks. But in his annual state of the nation address on February 11, Saakashvili said Georgia’s goal was to have free trade agreement with EU by 2015.
    Gordadze also said that during talks with European Commission officials in charge of trade, he got the "impression that they have changed the preconditions: Now the ones that were set for concluding the negotiations are the same for starting the negotiations.”
    “Some people also say the change could be some sort of indirect pressure from the EU to drop our objections in Russia's WTO bid. I hope this is not the case,” Gordadze said.
    Georgian officials have said for number of times recently that Tbilisi’s position over Russia’s WTO entry remained unchanged. Georgia says that it is not against of Russia's WTO entry, but under the condition that Moscow makes border crossing points in breakaway Abkhazia and South Ossetia “transparent”.
    “We still do not see much will from Russia to reach out to us,” Saakashvili told Reuters in October, 2010. "We are ready for serious, meaningful talks about the issues but we have certain issues that cannot be overlooked and cannot be overcome by neglect.”

    In der Regierungserklärung bestimmt Präsident Saakashvili 2015 als neues Ziel zur Vollendung verschiedener Aufgaben - 12.02.2011, Civil Georgia
    President Saakashvili has set 2015 as a new target date for accomplishment of various tasks, which he laid out in his annual state of the nation address in the Parliament on February 11.
    Among the targets listed by Saakashvili in his speech, which, he said, should be achieved by 2015 were: doubling agriculture production; doubling export; doubling state budget; halving current level of unemployment; 50% increase of average salaries; population growth to 5 million; increase of annual number of foreign visitors to 5 million; building of 17 new hydro power plants.
    “You have probably noticed that while speaking about various issues I have numerously mentioned the year 2015,” said Saakashvili, who previously was often mentioning 2013 as a target date for accomplishment of his major tasks.
    Saakashvili, whose second and final presidential term expires in 2013, said that 2015 was defined based on “long-term plan of Georgia’s development” and it had nothing to do “either with the election dates or political careers of separate individuals or the term in office of the sitting Parliament”, which expires in 2012.
    “Instead it [the target date - 2015] matches with what is important for the country. People should know where we are going; our course will definitely continue,” Saakashvili said. He said for number of times in the past that he wanted “a team of reformers” to stay in power after his presidential term expires.
    “Everything what we are talking about will be started in 2012-2013... Everything will be accomplished in 2015.”
    “Therefore, 2015 will be the year of summarizing the first results of this plan. Our plan is based on the capabilities of Georgia, as well as on the existing dynamics of the course of reforms, real human and material resources and ongoing projects. The plan of Georgia’s development covers all the major sectors of economy and all major spheres of state activities,” Saakashvili said.
    ‘Modernization’
    Saakashvili described his 70-minute long address as “a report about modernization.”
    “Modernization will be one of the major results and tasks of the government’s and personally of my entire career,” Saakashvili said.
    “For some people modernization may be a mere word, but for us it means transforming Georgia from a post-Soviet country into European democratic state, which will be the fastest growing country in Europe.”
    “Modernization means to ensure that our citizen is more educated, more competitive, has modern knowledge and feels himself as a Georgian patriot, but simultaneously as a citizen of the world, a free person, for whom all opportunities are open, who do not suffer from an inferiority complex; low self-esteem and inferiority – these are what enabled the empire to try to subdue Georgia. As soon as we finally get rid of this inferiority complex, nobody will ever be able to enslave us again. And this is very important.”
    “Modernization means reforms which have been implemented and will be implemented by the state and which will lead us to more civilized and democratic state. It means changes and innovations, which will pave the way towards more open and modern society – the society, which will not retire into its own shell, which does not have any phobias, which is multi-ethnic and multi-confessional, wherein each community is an integral part of the Georgian nation; the society, which aspires to the future instead of weeping for the past, which consists of free people with free thinking and free rule of life.”
    Modernization means Georgia of such mentality, where politicians and society will be united like a fist to defend the interests of the country even if there are great ideological and political differences among them. Georgia, where criminal mentality will never return, where ethnic and regional divisions will never return, where corruption will never gain its foothold means Georgia, where the liberty of an individual is the cornerstone of the country and which will gain a worthy place in the international system as a sovereign, united and very successful state and not a single empire will ever be able to question its existence.”
    “We will spare no efforts in the struggle for Georgia’s modernization… We will overcome all the obstacles and all the difficulties because we will be moving only forward, we will bring our struggle to the end and we will definitely win,” Saakashvili said.
    Foreign Policy
    On foreign policy issues Saakashvili said that Georgia achieved “significant diplomatic success last year”, because the term “occupation” in reference of Abkhazia and South Ossetia was establishing on the international arena.
    “Today there is no longer a question mark about on whose side the international community is,” he said. “The entire world sees who is aggressor and who is in favor of the peace.”
    On Russia he said that Georgia “wants a dialogue” with Moscow, “but we will never tolerate disintegration and occupation of Georgia.”
    “The Russian leadership’s course has no future,” he said. “The idea of empire is still alive, but it has no future.”
    He also said that “imperialistic thinking is waning” and added: “We are nearing the period when the imperialistic thinking will be faded away.”
    “But I want to say, that we should be careful, so that to escape being a victim of the empire’s agony,” Saakashvili said.
    He also said that Georgia’s course towards EU and NATO integration remained “unwavering” and attempts by Russia to isolate Georgia had “failed”. “We will never give up the choice of the Georgian people in favor of the Euro-Atlantic integration,” Saakashvili said.
    For some other key points from Saakashvili's address see:
    GEL 150 mln Extra Funding Planned for Agriculture
    Gov’t Plans 'GEL 30 Food Coupons'
    Saakashvili Aims Free Trade Treaty with EU by 2015
    Debates
    After the address Saakashvili listened to rebuttal speeches by parliamentary minority lawmakers and remarks by the ruling party MPs. Before start of his address, Saakashvili asked the foreign diplomats accredited in Tbilisi, and present in the Parliament chamber, to stay and attend the debates as well.
    After the debates, which lasted for about four hours, Saakashvili thanked diplomats, remaining in the chamber for “patience” saying that the debates “demonstrated how far the Georgian democracy has gone”.
    MP Giorgi Targamadze, leader of Christian-Democratic Movement and of parliamentary minority group, said in his rebuttal speech told the President to foster improvement of the electoral environment otherwise warned that Saakashvili would face, as he put it, “Mubarakization”. MP Targamadze was referring to Egypt’s President Hosni Mubarak, who resigned on February 11 after 18 days of mass protest.
    MP Targamadze slammed the President for creating “genetically modified media” and “semi-manufactured judiciary”. He also said that President was at top of “corruption pyramid” and added that removing a section of presidential orders from his official website was part of the authorities’ attempts to hide information about where public money was spent.
    For couple of times President Saakashvili intervened in opposition lawmakers’ speeches; in one such case he interrupted MP Levan Vepkhvadze of the Christian-Democratic Movement when the latter was criticizing the government for entering in “unprofitable” five-year gas deal with Azerbaijan in 2008, claiming that Georgia had a chance to buy gas for a better price from Azerbaijan under the Shah-Deniz gas pipeline deal. When saying this, Saakashvili pressed MP Vepkhvadze to name any European country which was buying gas for lower price than Georgia. When the MP responded that European countries were receiving expensive gas because they were buying it from Russia, Saakashvili smiled sarcastically.
    A lawmaker from the ruling party, Giorgi Gabashvili, said in his remarks that there were two types of opposition in Georgia – “insane and incompetent.” “You are among incompetents,” MP Gabashvili told lawmakers from the Christian-Democratic Movement.
    ‘Elite Corruption’
    When MP Guram Chakhvadze of National-Democratic Party, part of the parliamentary minority group, criticized the government for “elite corruption”, Saakashvili asked him that “the political elite is now here… name who is corrupt”. PM Nika Gilauri and several ministers were also present in the chamber apart of lawmakers. MP Chakhvadze responded that he did not mean the President or ministers when speaking about elite corruption. He said that the Freedom House was also using this term – elite corruption in reference to Georgia and added that he was meaning those mid-level officials who had been arrested on corruption charges in Georgia.
    “Someone, somewhere is bullshitting – it does not matter; we live in this country and everyone knows everything about everyone… The Georgian political elite is very clean… This is the major achievement of our state,” Saakashvili said.
    MP Chakhvadze then backed off and said: “Let’s put it this way – a mid-level elite corruption.”
    According to the U.S. Department of State’s 2009 human rights report, although levels of petty corruption fell in Georgia, concerns remained about high-level and "elite corruption."

    MÜNCHENER SICHERHEITSKONFERENZ 2011
    Präsident Saakashvili ruft den Westen auf, Moskau zurück an den Verhandlungstisch zu bringen - 06.02.2011, Civil Georgia
    President Saakashvili told the Munich Security Conference on Sunday that his call for a dialogue was responded by Moscow with further military build-up in Georgia’s “regions illegally occupied by the Russian troops.”
    In his speech at the conference he reiterated Georgia’s non-use of force pledge and called on the EU and the United States “to bring those who believe in military supremacy back to the table of negotiations.”
    “I came here today to repeat this simple message: Peace is the only solution, and a comprehensive political dialogue is the only way to achieve it,” Saakashvili said.
    “But until now, how did the Russian leaders respond to our call? Not only they refused to reciprocate the non-use of force, they responded by accelerating the military build-up in the occupied regions, announcing lastly the deployment of offensive missiles 50 miles from our capital.”
    He warned that ignoring the ongoing military build-ups “fueled by well-known foreign hands can lead to future disasters.”
    “European and American involvement is essential,” Saakashvili said. “With your help, I am confident that we can transform this region marked by old-fashioned logics of domination into an area of cooperation and progress.”
    Speaking at the same conference in Munich a day earlier, Russia’s Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov said that resolving “chronic conflicts” was a common interest. “To this end, we will need to discard double standards and be objective about each situation taking into full account positions of all parties,” Lavrov said.
    On the sideline of the Munich Security Conference, President Saakashvili met with German Chancellor Angela Merkel on February 5, as well as with Australian Foreign Minister Kevin Rudd.
    In Munich Saakashvili also met with Swiss President Micheline Calmy-Rey. Switzerland represents Russia's diplomatic interests in Georgia and Georgia's interests in Russia after the two countries cut diplomatic ties following the August, 2008 war.
    The Georgian President’s administration said that “one of the key issues” discussed during the meeting with Micheline Calmy-Rey was intensification of Switzerland’s role as a mediator between Georgia and Russia.
    Präsident Saakashvili's Rede - 06.02.2011, Civil Georgia
    Präsident Saakashvili trifft Kanzlerin Angela Merkel - 05.02.2011, Civil Georgia
    Gesprächsthemen: bilaterale Bezieheungen und regionale Sicherheitsfragen sowie Russlands Aufstocken der militärischen Kräfte in den besetzten Regionen.
    President Saakashvili met with German Chancellor Angela Merkel in Munich on February 5 on the sideline of the 47th Security Conference on February 4-6.
    Georgian Deputy Foreign Minister Nino Kalandadze told reporters before the meeting that the sides would discuss bilateral relations and regional security issues, as well as Russia’s military build-up in the occupied regions.
    “We will ask the German side once again to call on the Russian Federation to fulfill its commitments,” Kalandadze said.
    President Saakashvili will address the Munich Security Conference on February 6.

    Präsident Saakashvili: 'Singapur und Estland - Beispiele für Georgien'  - 01.02.2011, Civil Georgia
    President Saakashvili reiterated on February 1 that Georgia should follow Singapore's path of development and added that Estonia was also an example.
    "I am often saying that Georgia should follow suit of Singapore and Georgia follows Estonia's suit in many things," he said in televised speech at vocational education and training center in eastern region of Kakheti.
    "We are often told by the Europeans: 'Why are you fixated on Singapore; there is totally different situation, there was absolutely different regime; your country is moving on the path of the European democracy' - and that's true, but democracy does not mean instability," Saakashvili said.
    "We say we learn from Singapore and Estonia. Singapore was the country, or to say more precisely, a small town. It lived much poorly than we do. It is smaller than Tbilisi by size or maybe of the same size. It has seven square kilometers of access to the sea - much less than we have and It was surrounded by hostile environment – by big states, which were all ready to swallow up this small country, which had neither agricultural lands, nor potable and irrigation water and generally, its situation was absolutely hopeless, it had no natural resources either. But this country managed to become one of the richest countries in the world. Then what the hell is happening with Georgia? We have such land, such natural resources, such nature and such talented people," he said.

    Migration - Südafrikas Farmer zieht es nach Georgien - 31.01.2011, Welt
    neue Seite für Südafrikaner: SA Farmers in Georgia
    ... Südafrikas weiße Farmer könnten schon bald Kaukasier sein. Burische Wein- und Ackerbauern tragen sich jedenfalls mit dem Gedanken, ihr Heimatland zu verlassen und in Georgien ein neues Leben zu beginnen. ... Auf Einladung der georgischen Regierung hat im November eine 15-köpfige südafrikanische Delegation das Land besucht und sich anschließend in einer fast zehnseitigen Analyse zwar auch kritisch, doch insgesamt positiv überrascht geäußert. Zwar sei die Landwirtschaft wenig effektiv, dafür der Boden fruchtbar, die Kultur wunderbar, die Sicherheitslage besser als erwartet und die Infrastruktur im Werden. „Ich finde, es lohnt sich viel mehr, in Georgien als in Südafrika zu investieren“, befand Farmer Hendrik Mills nach seinem Besuch.
    Dass die Georgier ihr Land mit viel Nationalstolz betrachteten, fand besondere Erwähnung der Delegation. Und auch, dass der russische Einfluss verschwindend gering sei. „Georgien ist vom Sozialismus auferstanden“, titelte nach dem Besuch das „Landbou-Magasin“, das südafrikanische Pendant zum „Bauernblatt“ in Deutschland.
    ... Bereits im August des vergangenen Jahres hatten Georgien und die TLUSA eine Organisation mit dem Namen „Nico the boer“ begründet, deren Ziel es ist, Beziehungen zu Investoren herzustellen. Für afrikanische Interessenten hat die georgische Regierung zudem eine Webseite mit Informationen über alles Georgische eingerichtet. Besonders die gute Sicherheitslage und die Effektivität der Polizei wird dort hervorgehoben, ebenso die erfolgreiche Bekämpfung der Korruption. Den Südafrikanern gefällt dies ebenso wie das Versprechen, dass auf landwirtschaftliche Primärprodukte keine Steuer erhoben wird. Zunächst, so sagt der Farmer Piet Kemp, der mit seinen 63Jahren zu den Ältesten unter den Auswanderern gehört, würden 20 Farmer nach Georgien gehen, doch mehr als tausend könnten ihnen folgen. „Wenn ich komme, dann will ich ein Georgier sein.“ ...

    Russland plant Riesen-Skigebiet im Kaukasus - 31.01.2011, Bild
    Das geplante russische Projekt trägt den Namen „Wisota 5642“ (deutsch: Höhe 5642), die Angabe entspricht der Höhe des höchsten Gipfels im Kaukasus, des Elbrus. Die spektakuläre Gebirgsregion an der Grenze zu Georgien böte tatsächlich die Möglichkeiten für ein Skigebiet der Spitzenklasse – allerdings sind die momentanen georgischen Konfliktgebiete Abchasien und Südossetien nicht allzu weit entfernt. ... Aber auch im krisengeschüttelten Georgien existiert ein Skigebiet, das sich vor allem mit Heliskiing, bei dem sich der Skifahrer per Hubschrauber auf einen Berg fliegen lässt, einen Namen gemacht hat. Gudauri ist zwar nicht weit von Südossetien entfernt, doch der Wintersportbetrieb läuft. ...

    Russian-language Georgian TV to start broadcasting - 25.01.2011, BBC
    A new Georgian television station is due to start broadcasting news in Russian from Georgia's capital, Tbilisi, across the border into Russia.
    The channel aims to provide Russian-speaking viewers with television news that is independent of the Kremlin.

    "The Shin" auf dem Juli-Blatt des Wankalenders der "Air Baltic" zu sehen  - 26.11.2010, blog.airbaltic.com
    … This cultural cohesion is wonderfully exemplified in airBaltic’s new wall calendar for 2011. Each page of the beautifully designed calendar features a photograph of an up-and-coming athlete or musician from twelve countries in the airBaltic network. The celebrities also represent a variety of different athletic and artistic fields—from pop singers and jazz musicians to football players and professional boxers. These rising stars have already achieved fame in their home countries, but are now working on making a name for themselves internationally. …

    Feldstudie: Die Früchte des Friedens  - 27.01.2011, Euronews
    Sicherheit ist die Frucht von regionaler Stabilität. Das NATO-Programm “Wissenschaft für Frieden und Sicherheit” konzentriert sich auf Nachhaltigkeit in der Landwirtschaft und auf grenzüberschreitende Zusammenarbeit. Auch auf sensiblem Terrain – wie dem multi-nationalen Wassermanagement im Südkaukasus: Die Früchte des Friedens, diese Woche in Reporter. Auf der Euronews-Seite kann der Bericht angeschaut werden.

    Presseberichte: Russland stellt im abtrünnigen Südosseteien taktisch-operative Raketen vom Typ Tochka-U mit einer max. Reichweite von 120 km auf - 24.01.2011, Civil Georgia
    Interfax news agency reported on January 24, quoting unnamed source from Russia’s Southern Military District, that tactical-operational missile unit with Tochka-U rockets had been deployed in the Russian military base in South Ossetia.
    Tochka-U (SS-21 Scarab B) is a short-range tactical ballistic missile with maximum range of 120 kilometers.
    The source was quoted that “the Georgian special services have been informed about the presence of the rockets in South Ossetia, which are capable to effectively repel any aggression from Tbilisi.”
    The same news agency reported in December, also quoting unnamed Russian military source, that Russia had deployed Smerch (Tornado) multiple-launch rocket systems in vicinity of Tskhinvali. Tbilisi said at the time that it was part of Moscow’s “aggressive policy” against Georgia, posing threat to the entire region.

    Tbilisi begrüßt die Verabschiedung einer Resolution im Europaparlament zu einer EU-Strategie in der Schwarzmeer-Region -- 21.01.2011, Civil Georgia
    Tbilisi welcomed European Parliament's resolution passed on January 20 calling on the EU to draw up a strategy on the Black Sea region to define its "comprehensive approach" to address challenges in the area.
    The resolution on an EU Strategy for the Black Sea, among other things, calls on the EU for "more direct engagement" and for taking "a leading role in the negotiations and peace-making processes".
    In respect of Georgia, the resolution calls on EU's foreign policy chief Catherine Ashton "to step up efforts to encourage Russia to comply with the six-point Sarkozy Plan to stabilise and resolve the conflict in Georgia."
    It says that "human rights violations are a daily occurrence in occupied South Ossetia and Abkhazia" and calls on the EU "to respond actively to all kinds of human rights violations in the Black Sea region."
    In a statement released shortly after the resolution was passed, the Georgian Foreign Ministry said that it "highly appreciates the initiative to elaborate the Black Sea Strategy."
    "It is noteworthy that the European Parliament referred to the Georgian regions as the 'occupied territories'," the Georgian Foreign Ministry said.
    In respect of conflicts, the resolution, prepared based on a report by Romanian MEP Traian Ungureanu from the European People's Party, also calls on the EU to strengthen its monitoring systems and to develop an early-warning system as a conflict-prevention and confidence-building tool in the Black Sea region.
    On energy security issues, the resolution stresses on the importance of the Southern Corridor and "the significance" of Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) transportation to Europe in the form of the AGRI project.
    AGRI - Azerbaijan, Georgia, Romania Interconnection - refers to the project, according to which Azerbaijani gas will be delivered via pipelines to a terminal in Kulevi on Georgia’s Black Sea coast, where it will be liquefied. Tankers would then ship the liquefied gas to the Romanian Black Sea port of Constanţa and after regasification it will be transported via pipelines further into Europe.

    DHL: Straßentransporte in den Kaukasus - 11.01.2011, transport-online.de
    DHL Freight hat sein europäisches Netzwerk weiter ausgebaut und fährt seit Jahresbeginn auch Georgien, Armenien und Aserbaidschan an. ...

    Georgien sucht die Supersenioren - 06.01.2011, Stern
    In Deutschland halten sich Senioren mit "Rock statt Rente" fit, in Georgien mit traditionellen Tönen: Einmal im Jahr findet in der Hauptstadt Tiflis ein Talentwettbewerb statt, bei dem die rüstigen Herrschaften mit Gesang, Tanz oder Schauspiel beweisen, dass Kultur keine Frage des Alters ist. Mit Video-Bericht !

    Georgia – Reactivation by Krzysztof Lisek, 03.01.2011, neurope.eu
    Brussels - Georgian President Mikheil Saakashvili held a speech in the European Parliament recently. This came apparently as no surprise because heads of states and prime ministers speak at the European Parliament virtually every month. However, this was Mikheil Saakashvili’s second visit to the European Parliament. So far, only the Dalai Lama has had this privilege. M. Saakashvili was also a guest in the Foreign Affairs Council and showed unprecedented pro-European openness to discussion and an in-depth debate with MEPs from many countries. Without doubt, this is an interesting signal of a European offensive in Georgian foreign policy. The European Parliament welcomes such signals with undisguised satisfaction, especially as Europe shows lively interest in the situation in the Caucasus. The European Parliament has been the first and foremost forum for Georgians intending to demonstrate their effort in reforming their country and convince Europe about their political arguments. One noteworthy fact is that in his speech the Georgian President has dramatically changed the rhetoric and priorities in international policy. The image of an anti-Russian warrior has changed into that of a proficient manager, consistently pursuing to change his country and introducing reforms with an effectiveness to be envied by many countries in the world. The solemn declaration to refrain from using force in relations with Russia and the declaration of full readiness for peace talks may be a milestone on the road to peace in the Caucasus. ...