Appelle der georgischen Diaspora - Übersicht >>

DEUTSCHLAND - GERMANY
Aufruf an die internationale Politik anlässlich des Jahrestages der russischen Invasion in Georgien am 08-08-2008 - deutscher Aufruf 2009 als PDF-Datei
Aufruf - Email-Vorlage mit Adresse der Bundesregierung auf deutsch >>
Appeal to the International Policy-Anniversary of the Russian Invasion in Georgia in 08/08/2008 - englischer Aufruf 2009 als PDF-Datei - english appeal as PDF-file
appeal - prepared email with EU-address in English >>

NATO 60th Anniversary - Appeal to the members of NATO - NATO-membership for Georgia - englischer Aufruf 03.04.2009 als PDF-Datei - english appeal as PDF-file

FRANKREICH - FRANCE
AGF_2014_14-11-15_COMMUNIQUE_ABKHAZIE - Communique der AGF als PDF-Datei in französisch und georgisch
AGF103_2009-08-05_COMMUNIQUE - Communique der AGF als PDF-Datei


Jahrestag der russischen Invasion in Georgien - 08.08.2009 >>

DEUTSCH - GERMAN
Aufruf an die internationale Politik anlässlich des Jahrestages der russischen Invasion in Georgien am 08-08-2008 - deutscher Aufruf 2009 als PDF-Datei

Aufruf an die internationale Politik anlässlich des Jahrestages

der russischen Invasion in Georgien am 08.08.2008

durch die georgische Diasporagemeinschaft in Deutschland

Am 08.08.2008 stießen russische Streitkräfte auf georgisches Territorium vor und – wie später bekannt wurde – waren in den Tagen zuvor bereits reguläre Militärs in Südossetien zu Übungen und Erkundungen eingeschleust worden, z. B. Interview Generalmajor Borisow.

Die internationale Politik erreichte im August 2008 Verhandlungsergebnisse zwischen Georgien und Russland in Form des Sechs-Punkte-Planes mit späteren Zusatzvereinbarungen. Statt der zugesagten Wiederherstellung der Situation vor den Kampfhandlungen in Südossetien und Abchasien erkannte Russland diese als selbstständige Staaten an, schloss militärische Verträge ab und baute dort neue Truppenstützpunkte und Militärflughäfen – entgegen internationaler Verträge und den Prinzipien des Völkerrechts. Weiterhin verhinderte Russland im Alleingang die Fortsetzung der UN-Mission in Georgien (UNOMIG) und der OSZE-Beobachtermission. So wird in den okkupierten georgischen Regionen Abchasien und Südossetien die georgische Bevölkerung weiterhin unbehelligt unterdrückt und vertrieben.

Deshalb rufen wir die internationale Politik und sie persönlich auf,

gegenüber Russland diplomatischen und politischen Druck auszuüben, damit

1. die Anerkennung von Südossetien und Abchasien sofort aufgehoben wird,

2. der europäischen Beobachtermission EUMM dort Zugang gewährt wird,

3. die OSZE- und UN-Mission in Georgien wieder aufgenommen werden kann,

4. die territoriale Integrität Georgiens auch durch Russland respektiert wird,

5. der Sechs-Punkte-Plan vom August 2008 vollständig von Russland eingehalten wird,

6. Premierminister Putin seine Zusagen im Interview vom 30.08.2008 einhält.

Sechs-Punkte-Plan als Waffenstillstandsabkommen, vermittelt durch den französischen Präsidenten Sarkozy zwischen Georgien und Russland, am 16.08. auch von Russland unterzeichnet:

1.   Verzicht auf Gewaltanwendungen

2.   Endgültige Einstellung aller Kampfhandlungen

3.   Gewährleistung eines ungehinderten Zugangs zu humanitären Hilfsgütern

4.   Rückkehr der georgischen Streitkräfte auf ihre ursprüngliche Position

5.   Rückzug der russischen Streitkräfte auf jene Linien, hinter denen sie sich vor Beginn der Kampfhandlungen befunden haben. Die russischen Friedenstruppen sollen zusätzliche Sicherheitsmaßnahmen ergreifen, bis internationale Mechanismen vereinbart sind.

6.   Aufnahme internationaler Gespräche über Modalitäten für die Sicherheit und Stabilität in Südossetien und Abchasien

Quelle: http://www.auswaertiges-amt.de/diplo/en/Laenderinformationen/Georgien/080815-Ratsschlussfolgerung.pdf

Interviewauszug: Im Gespräch mit dem Journalisten Thomas Roth sagte Russlands Premierminister Wladimir Putin in einer ARD-Sondersendung am 30.08.2008 unter anderem:

Roth: Wo sehen Sie die Aufgabe von Deutschland in dieser Krise?

Putin: Wir haben zu Deutschland sehr gute Beziehungen, vertrauensvolle Beziehungen, sowohl politische als auch ökonomische. Als wir mit Herrn Sarkozy gesprochen haben, bei seinem Besuch hier, haben wir gesagt, dass wir keinerlei Territorien in Georgien wollen. Wir werden uns in die Sicherheitszone zurückziehen, die in den früheren internationalen Abkommen vereinbart wurde. Aber da werden wir auch nicht ewig bleiben. Wir betrachten das als georgisches Territorium. Unsere Absicht besteht nur darin, die Sicherheit zu gewährleisten und es nicht so zu machen, dass da Truppen und Kriegsgerät heimlich geballt werden. Und zu verhindern, dass da die Möglichkeit eines neuen Konfliktes entsteht. Dann begrüßen wir die Teilnahme von Beobachtern der EU, der OSZE und natürlich auch Deutschlands. Wenn die Prinzipien der Zusammenarbeit geklärt sind.

Quelle: http://www.tagesschau.de/ausland/putin172.html

weitere Quellen:

Interview von Generalmajor Borisow in “Radio Echo Moskau”: http://www.echo.msk.ru/programs/voensovet/596473-echo/

Report on human rights issues following the August 2008 armed conflict, by Thomas Hammarberg, Commissioner for Human Rights of the Council of Europe - 8 to 12 February 2009


ENGLISCH - ENGLISH

Appeal to the International Policy-Anniversary of the Russian Invasion in Georgia in 08/08/2008 - englischer Aufruf als PDF-Datei - english appeal as PDF-file

Appeal to the international policy according to the anniversary of the Russian invasion in Georgia in 08/08/2008

by the Georgian diaspora community

In 08/08/2008 Russian troops invaded Georgian territory and – as it later emerged – regular armed forces had been infiltrated for exercises and explorations in South Ossetia in the days before, e.g. interview major general Borisow. The international policy reached in august 2008 as a result of negotiations between Georgia and Russia the six-point peace plan with additional agreements afterwards. Instead of the promised restoration of the situation before the war in South Ossetia and Abkhazia, Russia recognized these as independent states, closed military contracts and built there new military bases and airports – against international treaties and principles of the international law. Furthermore Russia single-handedly blocked the continuation of the UN mission in Georgia (UNOMIG) and the OSCE mission in Georgia. In this way in occupied Georgian regions Abkhazia and South Ossetia the Georgian population is beyond domineered over and displaced unchallenged.

Therefore we call on the international policy and you personally

to exert diplomatic and political pressure on Russia , that

 1. the recognition of South Ossetia and Abkhazia is immediately abolished,

 2. the EU Monitoring Mission in Georgia (EUMM) is allowed to enter these regions,

 3. the OSCE and UN mission in Georgia can be restarted,

 4. the territorial integrity of Georgia is respected also by Russia,

5. Russia completely abides by the six-point peace plan from August 2008,

6. prime minister Putin abides by his promises in the interview from 30/08/2008.

Six-point peace plan as armistice, conciliated by the French president Sarkozy between Georgia and Russia , in 16/08/2008 also by Russia subscribed:

1.   Not to resort to force;

2.   To end hostilities definitively;

3.   To provide free access for humanitarian aid;

4.   Georgian military forces will have to withdraw to their usual bases;

5.   Russian military forces will have to withdraw to the lines held prior to the outbreak of hostilities. Pending an international mechanism, Russian peace-keeping forces will implement additional security measures;

6.   Opening of international talks on the security and stability arrangements in Abkhazia and South Ossetia.

Source: http://www.auswaertiges-amt.de/diplo/en/Laenderinformationen/Georgien/080815-Ratsschlussfolgerung.pdf

Interview abridgement: Russian prime minister Wladimir Putin said to Journalist Thomas Roth among other things in the ARD-TV-program in 30/08/2008:

Roth: Where do you see the task of Germany in this crisis?

Putin: We have to Germany very good relations, trustful relations, both political and economic. When we have spoken to Mr Sarkozy here at his visit, we have said, that we don’t want any territory in Georgia . We shall move back into the security zone, which was agreed in former international treaties. But there we won’t also stay for ever. We consider this as Georgian territory. Our intention is only, to assure the security and not to do it a way, that troops and armours are baled there backdoor. And to prevent, that the possibility of a new conflict arises there. Then we address the participation of observers of the EU, the OSCE and naturally also of Germany , if the principles of cooperation are clarified.

Source: http://www.tagesschau.de/ausland/putin172.html

other sources:

Interview of Generalmajor Borisow in “Radio Echo Moskau”: http://www.echo.msk.ru/programs/voensovet/596473-echo/

Report on human rights issues following the August 2008 armed conflict, by Thomas Hammarberg, Commissioner for Human Rights of the Council of Europe - 8 to 12 February 2009


Appeal to the members of NATO - “NATO-membership for Georgia” - 03.04.2009 >>

Appeal to the International Policy-Anniversary of the Russian Invasion in Georgia in 08/08/2008 - englischer Aufruf als PDF-Datei - english appeal as PDF-file


-NATO  60th Anniversary -

Appeal to the members of NATO

“NATO-membership for Georgia”

by the Georgian Diaspora community, 03.04.2009

The members of the Georgian Diaspora in Europe and the USA send their sincerest congratulations on the occasion of the 60th Anniversary of the Alliance and express all the best wishes for a peaceful future.

Georgian people, even if they live far from their homeland, have strong feelings and emotions about the fate of their beloved and coveted Georgia. Perhaps because of the distance they are worrying even more on what happens there.

And Georgian people have reasons to worry. For 3000 years, conquerors from every direction have coveted this wonderful land. The small Georgian states had to defend their independence against grand peoples like the Greeks, Romans, Persians, Arabs, Seljuks, Turks, Mongolians, Russians, and these peoples came again and again.

Now we appeal to give the independent and democratic states Georgia and Ukraine as quick as possible the MAP or even full NATO membership.

We appeal to continue to support the Georgian government and nation on the way to NATO. A repeat of 1921 – when Soviet Russia attacked and conquered the first democratic Georgian republic, because Georgia was abandoned by democratic Western states – must not happen again. 

We strongly believe that NATO must integrate Georgia and Ukraine, because they belong to a complete European NATO community. Both have European Christian traditions and modern democratic state structures. By plebiscite in Georgia 77% of voters favoured Georgian membership of NATO. Only with their membership is a peaceful and stable future in Europe possible!

The NATO membership of Georgia as the central country and as the transit way for energy and goods in the Caucasus region is a guarantee for peace and stability in the whole Caucasus.  For this purpose the territorial integrity of Georgia must be respected.

Energy security is also very important for NATO members in the future. Georgia as transit country to Europe from the Caspian and Persian region offers alternative routes beside Russia and reduces the already existing dependence on Russian energy net. Therefore security and stability in Georgia creates also security and stability in the whole Caucasus and Europe.

Good neighbourhood relations to the NATO member Turkey could be strengthened and Turkey in its geographical outstanding position would get more assistance and support.

In a certain way the situation of Georgia nowadays is comparable with the situation of West Germany in 1955. The incorporation of West Germany into the organization completed the NATO structure in front of the Soviet Union sphere. This act was directly executed without MAP, even in a tensed pre-war situation and protected Germany against Soviet aggression up to the present. And today is already the 230th day of Russia violating the “six-point peace plan” against Georgia and still occupying 20% of Georgian territory.


We want to commemorate You the history and situation of Georgia:

For 3000 years conquerors from every direction have coveted this wonderful land. The small Georgian states had to defend their independence against grand peoples like the Greeks, Romans, Persians, Arabs, Seljuks, Turks, Mongolians, Russians and these peoples came again and again.

Georgia never started campaigns and wars to conquer land outside of traditional Georgian settlement areas or to oppress neighbours. The culture in Georgia was always high developed, Christian belief became already 327 state religion and the Silk Road through Georgia was connecting Europe with the Orient. Georgia was always a multi-cultural country and lived in peace with religious and ethnic minorities, which were integrated in the society and even state administration. For example Ossetian people came in middle age time as refugees, survived as ethnical group and could keep their language and traditions because of the tolerance of Georgian nation up to the present.

At last the growing Russian empire reached the Caucasus in the 18th century and managed 1801 the annexation of the weakened, for help against Turkey asking Georgia. But brave Georgians survived then the russification in the 19th century with the foundation of the “Democratic Republic of Georgia” in 1918, immediately recognized by Germany and the Ottoman Empire, 1920 by Soviet Union, 1921 by the League of Nations. This, however, did not prevent the country from being attacked by Soviet Russia one month later. The sovietisation started then, because democratic Western states were not ready to recognize the consequences for the future. The elected government of Georgia went into exile in France, about 50,000 Georgians were executed and killed in 1921-1924, more than 150,000 were purged in 1935-1938.

In the time of perestroika freedom-loving Georgian people were the first, who started with demonstrations for freedom and independence in 1989. They could realize this at last in 1991, following examples of European democratic states. This transition got immediately undermined by the Russian influence, which reinstalled the old soviet nomenklatura, using for this also the ethnical conflict zones. The Rose Revolution in 2003 brought to power young politicians, who were educated in Western countries and started a new policy against corruption and for economical development inside the country. In foreign policy Georgia chose the way to EU and NATO, supported by US and European organisations and politicians. Because Russia by itself didn’t go this way to modern democratic structures and tolerant behaviour to his neighbours, at 2008 the Russian government finalized the plans from the past against Georgia and occupied with its military superiority, what they wanted to possess by themselves, Abkhazia and South Ossetia. The other aim, to unseat president Saakashvili, was interrupted by diplomatic international interventions. By the way they damaged the Georgian infrastructure, the reputation of the Georgian government and the hope of a peaceful future in the Caucasus and Europe.


Georgian diaspora recognizes a “dual strategy” of Russian foreign policy:

bargaining, but then realizing and taking, what only they want, ignoring agreements !

The policy of the Russian government still doesn’t respect the free decisions of other nations about their future. This can’t be the political order of the 21th century.

Russian parliament passed an 25% increase of military spending and the government introduced an aggressive style of rhetoric, far away from peaceful cooperation and fair dialogue between nations.

The unilateral recognition of South Ossetia and Abkhazia and the support of the de facto regimes with military equipment shows, that Russia continues heating up the ethnic conflicts and the separatism in Georgia. Additionally Russia started to build military bases in Abkhazia and South Ossetia and signed agreements about military cooperation and protection.

Russia still doesn’t abide by the “six-point peace plan”, signed in August 2008 by Russian President Medvedev, French President Sarkozy and Georgian President Saakashvili.

( Georgia asked for the additions in parentheses, but Russia rejected them. )

1. No recourse to the use of force
2. Definitive cessation of hostilities.
3. Free access to humanitarian aid (addition rejected: and to allow the return of refugees).
4. The Armed Forces of Georgia must withdraw to their permanent positions.
5. The Armed Forces of the Russian Federation must withdraw to the line where they were stationed prior to the beginning of hostilities. Prior to the establishment of international mechanisms the Russian peacekeeping forces will take additional security measures. (addition rejected: six months)
6. An international debate on the future status of South Ossetia and Abkhazia and ways to ensure their lasting security will take place. (addition rejected: based on the decisions of the UN and the OSCE)

by Russian side broken treaties and agreements against Georgia in the past:

1783    Friendship “Treaty of Georgievsk” with Russia, but: no military help against a Persian attack and later annexation in spite of the guaranteed sovereignty!

1920    “Moscow Peace Treaty” with the recognition of Georgia by Soviet Union under the condition, that Georgia should be neutral. Therefore British troops left Georgia and shortly afterwards in 1921 the Red army attacked unprotected Georgia.

1989    „Constitution of the Soviet Union“, which guaranteed the „inviolability of persons“, but on a demonstration in Tbilisi Russian special units killed 22 Georgian citizens.

1991    „Constitution of the Soviet Union“ didn’t allow Russian military help for the Ossetian separatists. In 1990 no formal intervention against Ossetian independence declaration!

1992    Armistice in Abkhazia and 1993 peace treaty in Abkhazia, but both times instead no peacekeeping, military help for separatists and offensive with genocide of Georgians.


We want to remember You to statements and opinions out of the past to Georgia:

German Chancellor Angela Merkel

“Georgia will be, if it wants, and it wants, member of the NATO”, Angela Merkel said in the Georgian capital Tbilisi on Sunday directly after her meeting with the Georgian president Mikheil Saakashvili. “The situation did not change for me at this point.”

(Welt, 17.07.2008)   

Former US-Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice

“And you know, I don’t mean to sound at all cavalier about it, but there was one huge territorial dispute at the inception of NATO. It was called East Germany. And we did not prevent, therefore, West Germany for – from being a founding – for coming into NATO. And ultimately, it was in NATO that Germany not only overcame its division, but overcame its very difficult history with its neighbours through a democratic peace. And we need to remember that history, when we talk about territorial problems for Georgia.”

(Warsaw, Poland, August 20, 2008)

Estonian President Toomas Ilves

“It is highly regrettable, that the NATO couldn´t agree on, to offer these two countries (Georgia and Ukraine) the membership of the Access Programm (MAP). Obviously this was interpreted by Russia, that these countries remain in their area of influence.”

(FAZ, 13.08.08)

Russian President Dmitrij Medwedjew

“NATO provoked the Caucasus conflict.”

(SZ, 19.09.2008)   

Former US-Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice

“The conflict in Georgia, thus, has deep roots. And clearly, all sides made mistakes and miscalculations. But several key facts are clear: On August 7th, following repeated violations of the ceasefire in South Ossetia, including the shelling of Georgian villages, the Georgian government launched a major military operation into Tskhinvali and other areas of the separatist region. ... But the situation deteriorated further when Russia’s leaders violated Georgia’s sovereignty and territorial integrity – and launched a full scale invasion across an internationally-recognized border. … What is more disturbing about Russia’s actions is that they fit into a worsening pattern of behavior over several years now.“

“Russia’s invasion of Georgia has achieved – and will achieve – no enduring strategic objective. And our strategic goal now is to make clear to Russia’s leaders that their choices could put Russia on a one-way path to self-imposed isolation and international irrelevance.”

“We cannot afford to validate the prejudices that some Russian leaders seem to have: that if you press free nations hard enough – if you bully them, and you threaten them, and you lash out – they will cave in, and they’ll forget, and eventually they will concede.”

(Renaissance Mayflower Hotel, Washington, DC, September 18, 2008)










2010: Appell des Parlaments - appeal of parliament >>

alle Appelle des georgischen Parlaments - Stand 28.12.2013
1 საქართველოს პარლამენტის დადგენილება „საქართველოს ეროვნული სატყეო კონცეფციის“ დამტკიცების შესახებ
2 საქართველოს პარლამენტის დადგენილება „ფსიქიკური ჯანმრთელობის დაცვის სახელმწიფო კონცეფციის“ დამტკიცების შესახებ
3 "2012 წელს საქართველოში ადამიანის უფლებათა და თავისუფლებათა დაცვის მდგომარეობის შესახებ” საქართველოს სახალხო დამცველის ანგარიში
4 საქართველოს პარლამენტის დადგენილება
5 Resolution on Basic Directions of Georgia’s Foreign Policy
6 Resolution N 6619-rs
7 The Resolution of the Parliament of Georgia on the Soviet Occupation of Georgia
8 Resolution of the Parliament of Georgia On Declaring 23 of August as Totalitarian Regimes’ Victims Day
9 Statement of the Parliament of Georgia on increasing the frequency of the unlawful actions from the side of the Russian federation on the territory of Georgia
10 Statement of the Parliament of Georgia on Illegal Entry of the President of the Russian Federation Dimitri Medvedev on the Georgian Territory Occupied by Russia
11 Resolution of the Parliament of Georgia on the Occupation of the Georgian Territories by the Russian Federation
12 Appeal of the Parliament of Georgia to the International Community
13 The Appeal of the Parliament of Georgia to the population, residing on the territory of the former Autonomous District of South Ossetia
14 Appeal of the Parliament of Georgia to the International Community, International Organizations and Parliaments of Partner Countries
15 Appeal of the Chairman of Parliament of Georgia
16 Resolution of the Parliament of Georgia on the Current Situation in the Former Autonomous District of South Ossetia and Ongoing Peace Process


Abgeordnete senden int. Appell an die Abgeordnete von 31 Ländern: Abchasien und Südossetien sollen als von Russland besetzte Gebiete erklärt werden - 08.04.2010, Civil Georgia
der Aufruf: Brief vom Kommittee für auswärtige Beziehungen des georgischen Parlaments
Letter by Georgian Parliamentary Committee for Foreign Relations
Civil Georgia, Tbilisi / 8 Apr.'10 / 19:13
The Georgian Parliament is genuinely grateful for your support of the non-recognition of Abkhazia and South Ossetia as independent territories following the Russian invasion of Georgia and the occupation of these territories.
With this letter, we aim to update you on the current state of the Russian occupation. We also seek the continued vigilance and action of your Parliament and your committee in helping reverse the consequences of last year’s invasion – consequences that are grave not only for Georgia, but potentially dangerous for all of Europe.
Today, more than one year after the Russian invasion, Georgia finds itself in a promising, yet profoundly precarious, situation. On the one hand, our commitment to deepening democratic reforms remains unshakeable. We have strengthened the roles of the Parliament, the judiciary, and the media, while also improving our electoral code and undertaking a constitutional reform process. Our fight against corruption continues unabated, and we are especially proud that Transparency International’s recent Corruption Barometer survey put Georgia on par with northern European countries. Meanwhile, we continue to pursue reforms that will further enhance the ease of doing business in Georgia to attract more foreign investors.
On the other hand, Russia still occupies 20 percent of Georgian territory—including areas controlled by the Georgian government before August 2008. This is in direct violation of the ceasefire agreement brokered by President Sarkozy and the fundamental norms of international law. In fact, Russia remains in full or partial violation of every single point of the six-point Sarkozy ceasefire agreement: Moscow is building three large-scale (including air and naval) military bases in the occupied territories, as well as numerous smaller military installations, which include long-range artillery and strategic missiles (SS 21 and SS 26). Incidents of Russian military warplanes, helicopters, and reconnaissance aircraft violating Georgian air space have increased. Russia has also illegally deployed squadrons of patrol boats in the Abkhazian section of Georgian territorial waters.
The EU-mandated Independent International Fact Finding Mission on the Conflict in Georgia (IIFFMCG) last fall found Russia responsible for ethnic cleansing in these territories. But Russia has refused to reverse the results of this cleansing and to allow its victims to return home. In addition to finding Russia culpable of ethnic cleansing during and after its 2008 invasion, the EU-mandated mission also established that those acts qualify as crimes against humanity (Part II, Ch 7, pp 393-394). Meanwhile, Resolution 1633 of the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe also established that the Russian Federation bears responsibility for the above acts. The Russian-sponsored campaign to remove Georgians from Abkhazia in the 1990s, which deprived this province of up to 75 percent of its pre-war population, was recognized as ethnic cleansing by heads of states of the OSCE in Budapest (1994), Lisbon (1996) and Istanbul (1999), as well as by the UN General Assembly in 2008.
Notwithstanding the incident-prevention mechanism agreed to at the Geneva talks, Russian troops have consistently engaged in the kidnapping of Georgian citizens from Georgian territory adjacent to the occupied regions, including a number of teenagers who were held in illegal detention for more than a month. Russian FSB Border Forces deployed alongside the administrative boundary seek to cement the isolation of Abkhazia and South Ossetia from Georgia by denying individuals living in these territories the freedom of movement. Last but not least, in open violation of the EU-brokered ceasefire, Russia still refuses to allow the European Union Monitoring Mission (EUMM) access to the occupied territories.
Russian policy continues to pursue the systematic undermining of Georgian sovereignty, the increased militarization of the territories Moscow has occupied, and the justification of ethnic cleansing campaigns used against Georgians in those territories. All components of this policy seek to derail Georgia’s progress and ongoing efforts at reform, as well as Georgia’s Euro-Atlantic foreign policy alignment.
It is our strong belief that Moscow’s attempt to change borders by force is not only illegal but threatens the most important principles of post-WWII European security agreements, including those outlined in the Helsinki Final Act of 1975. We are therefore grateful that you stand with us in the non-recognition of the “status quo” achieved by force. Only consistent international pressure and dialogue can force the reconsideration of such policies. We strongly believe that an increased international presence on the ground – including by granting the EUMM access to these territories and by considering the deployment of an international police force – is the only path to true stability.
The alternative to pursuing the reversal of the ethnic cleansing campaign is allowing the Russian narrative, which seeks to legalise Moscow’s actions, to set a new baseline for others who seek to operate through such actions in the future. Europe saw so much of this in the 20th century. We cannot allow this to be the way of this new century, as well.
It is in this context that we appeal to your committee and your parliament to:
    * Reinforce the non-recognition policy with clear reference to international law;
    * Declare the two Georgian regions of Abkhazia and South Ossetia as being territories under Russian occupation and recognise the ethnic cleansing committed by Russia (based on Geneva Convention (IV) relative to the Protection of Civilian Persons in Time of War, 12 August 1949; the Additional Protocol to the Geneva Conventions of 12 August 1949; and to the Protection of Victims of International Armed Conflicts (Protocol I), 8 June 1977).
We may not be able to push the occupying power out of the occupied territories imminently, but we are responsible, as members of the UN, CoE and the OSCE, as well as parties of the Geneva convention and its protocols, to constantly remind the occupying force of its responsibilities.
We believe the facts are clear, and that they speak for themselves. We count on your understanding and trust your support to ensure the strict implementation of the EU-brokered ceasefire agreement and to uphold the most basic principles of international law.
We sincerely hope that you can adopt appropriate statements of support on these matters. While the outcome of this situation is vital to the future of Georgia, we also believe that it is vital to the future of the European community and the principles that have led to peace and prosperity across much of the continent.


Vaclav Havel Appell - 22.09.2009>>

Europa muss für Georgien aufstehen
- 22. September 2009, guardian.co
ins Deutsche übertragen von "Georgier in Karlsruhe"
Offener Brief: Zwanzig Jahre nachdem halb Europa befreit wurde, wird eine neue Mauer gebaut – quer durch Georgien, sagen Vaclav Havel und andere
Wie sich Europa an die Schande des Ribbentrop-Molotow-Pakts von 1939 und das Münchner Abkommen von 1938 erinnert, und wie es sich darauf vorbereitet, den Fall der Berliner Mauer und des Eisernen Vorhangs im Jahr 1989 zu feiern, stellt sich eine Frage in unseren Köpfen: Haben wir die Lehren aus der Geschichte gezogen? Anders ausgedrückt, sind wir in der Lage zu verhindern, die Fehler zu wiederholen, die solch einen dunklen Schatten über das 20. Jahrhundert warfen?
Die Ereignisse der Vergangenheit zu beklagen oder zu feiern, ist eine vergebliche Handelung, wenn wir gegenüber ihren Lehren blind bleiben. Nur wenn diese Ereignisse uns lehren, wie wir anders - und klüger - handeln, haben solche Gedenkfeiern irgendeinen Wert.
Betrachtet man heute Europa, so ist es mehr als klar, dass die Geschichte nicht zu einem Ende gekommen ist und tragisch bleibt. Zwanzig Jahre nach der Befreiung der Hälfte des europäischen Kontinents, wird eine neue Mauer in Europa gebaut - dieses Mal in das Hoheitsgebiet von Georgien.
Dies stellt eine große Herausforderung für die Bürgerinnen und Bürger, Institutionen und Regierungen in Europa dar. Sind wir bereit zu akzeptieren, dass die Grenzen eines kleinen Landes einseitig durch Gewalt verändert werden können? Sind wir bereit, die de-facto-Annexion fremder Gebiete durch eine größere Macht zu tolerieren?
Um für die bevorstehenden historischen Gedenkfeiern sinnstiftend zu sein, sowohl für die kollektive Identität in Europa und als auch für die Zukunft, mahnen wir die 27 demokratischen Staats- und Regierungschefs der EU, eine proaktive Strategie zu definieren, Georgien zu helfen, friedlich seine territoriale Integrität zurückzuerhalten und den Abzug der russischen Truppen zu erreichen, die illegal auf georgischem Boden stationiert sind.
Niemand will eine Konfrontation mit Moskau oder eine Rückkehr zu der feindseligen Atmosphäre des Kalten Krieges. Aber ebenso ist es wichtig, dass die EU und ihre Mitgliedstaaten eine klare und eindeutige Botschaft an die derzeitige Führung in Russland senden.
Da die Kommission, eingerichtet durch die Europäische Union und angeführt von Heidi Tagliavini, vorbereitet, ihren Bericht über die Ursachen des russisch-georgischen Krieges zu veröffentlichen, rufen wir alle Europäer auf, sich an die schmerzhaften Erfahrungen unserer jüngsten Vergangenheit zu erinnern.
Erstens, eine große Macht wird immer einen Vorwand finden oder konstruieren, um einen Nachbarn zu überfallen, an dessen Unabhängigkeit sich diese Macht stößt. Wir dürfen nicht vergessen, dass Hitler die Polen anklagte, die Feindseligkeiten in Jahr 1939 begonnen zu haben, so wie Stalin die Schuld den Finnen anhängte, als er fiel ihr Land im Jahre 1940 überfiel. Auch im Fall von Georgien und Russland, ist die kritische Frage, welches Land das andere überfiel, vielmehr als die Frage, welcher Soldat die erste Kugel abfeuerte.
Zweitens, das Versagen der westlichen Demokratien, auf die Zerstückelung einer befreundeten Nation zu reagieren, wenn auch eine kleine Nation, kann sehr ernste globale Folgen haben.
Die Europäische Union wurde gegen die Versuchung von München und den Eisernen Vorhang gebaut. Es wäre völlig fatal, wenn wir uns in irgendeiner Weise einstellen sollten, die Art von Praktiken stillschweigend zu dulden, welche unseren Kontinent in den Krieg und die Aufteilung für die meiste Zeit des letzten Jahrhunderts stürzten. Auf dem Spiel steht nichts Geringeres als das Schicksal des Projekts, dem wir unser Leben fortwährend widmen: der friedlichen und demokratischen Wiedervereinigung des europäischen Kontinents.
Vaclav Havel, Valdas Adamkus, Mart Laar, Vytautas Landsbergis, Otto de Habsbourg, Daniel Cohn Bendit, Timothy Garton Ash, André Glucksmann, Mark Leonard, Bernard-Henri Lévy, Adam Michnik, Josep Ramoneda

http://www.guardian.co.uk/commentisfree/2009/sep/22/europe-georgia-russia
Europe must stand up for Georgia
Open letter: Twenty years after half of Europe was freed, a new wall is being built – across Georgia, say Vaclav Havel and others. - 22. September 2009
As Europe remembers the shame of the Ribbentrop-Molotov pact of 1939 and the Munich agreement of 1938, and as it prepares to celebrate the fall of the Berlin wall and the iron curtain in 1989, one question arises in our minds: Have we learned the lessons of history? Put another way, are we able to avoid repeating the mistakes that cast such a dark shadow over the 20th century?
To deplore or celebrate past events is a futile act if we remain blind to their lessons. Only if these events teach us how to act differently – and more wisely – do such commemorations have any value.
Looking at Europe today, it is abundantly clear that history has not come to an end and that it remains tragic. Twenty years after the emancipation of half of the continent, a new wall is being built in Europe – this time across the sovereign territory of Georgia.
This presents a major challenge for the citizens, institutions and governments of Europe. Are we willing to accept that the borders of a small country can be unilaterally changed by force? Are we willing to tolerate the de facto annexation of foreign territories by a larger power?
In order for the forthcoming historic commemorations to be meaningful both for Europe's collective identity and for its future, we urge the EU's 27 democratic leaders to define a proactive strategy to help Georgia peacefully regain its territorial integrity and obtain the withdrawal of Russian forces illegally stationed on Georgian soil.
Nobody wants a confrontation with Moscow or a return to the hostile atmosphere of the cold war. But, equally, it is essential that the EU and its member states send a clear and unequivocal message to the current leadership in Russia.
As the commission set up by the European Union and headed by Heidi Tagliavini prepares to publish its report on the causes of the Russian-Georgian war, we call on all Europeans to remember the painful lessons of our recent past.
First, a big power will always find or engineer a pretext to invade a neighbour whose independence it resents. We should remember that Hitler accused the Poles of commencing hostilities in 1939, just as Stalin pinned the blame on the Finns when he invaded their country in 1940. Similarly, in the case of Georgia and Russia, the critical question is to determine which country invaded the other, rather than which soldier shot the first bullet.
Second, the failure of western democracies to respond to the dismemberment of a friendly nation, albeit a small one, can have very serious global consequences.
The European Union was built against the temptation of Munich and the iron curtain. It would be utterly disastrous if we were to appear in any way to condone the kind of practices that plunged our continent into war and division for most of the last century. At stake is nothing less than the fate of the project to which we continue to dedicate our lives: the peaceful and democratic reunification of the European continent.
Vaclav Havel, Valdas Adamkus, Mart Laar, Vytautas Landsbergis, Otto de Habsbourg, Daniel Cohn Bendit, Timothy Garton Ash, André Glucksmann, Mark Leonard, Bernard-Henri Lévy, Adam Michnik, Josep Ramoneda

2009: Appell des Parlaments - appeal of parliament >>

Statement of the Parliament of Georgia on Illegal Entry of the President of the Russian Federation Dimitri Medvedev on the Georgian Territory Occupied by Russia

1. The Parliament of Georgia condemns the entry of the President of Russian Federation Dimitri Medvedev on the Georgian territory occupied by Russia as an illegal crossing of the Georgian state border, a step towards final annexation of the occupied Georgian territories and an attempt of legitimisation of ethnic cleansing carried out by the Russian federation.
2. The Parliament of Georgia condemns the blocking of extension of the UN and OSCE missions in Georgia by the Russian Federation, which is part of policy of minimising international presence in the occupied territories and allowing implementation of aggressive intentions of the Russian Federation.
3. Deployment of the Russian Federal Security Service Border Forces on the so-called borders of the occupied Georgian territories is an attempt of legalising the de facto “border” established through military occupation infringing basic norms of international law.
4. The Parliament of Georgia condemns the conduct of aggressive, large-scale military exercises in close vicinity of Georgian borders in the summer of 2009, similar to the period preceding the 2008 aggression, as directly threatening sovereignty and territorial integrity of Georgia.
5. The Parliament of Georgia notes that an attempt by the Russian federation to annex Georgian territory through military occupation and ethnic cleansing represents a threat not only to the sovereignty of Georgia but to that of the region and Europe at large.
6. The above acts are in breach of fundamental norms of international law as well as the Russian Federation commitments, including declarations of Budapest (1994), Lisbon (1996) and Istanbul (1999) summits of the OSCE heads of states and resolutions of heads of governments of the CIS; Resolutions of UN Security Council N-N 849, 854, 858, 876, 881, 892, 896, 901, 906, 934, 937, 971, 993, 1036, 1065, 1096, 1124, 1150, 1187, 1225, 1255, 1287, 1311, 1339, 1364, 1393, 1427, 1462, 1462, 1494, 1524, 1554, 1582, 1615, 1656, 1666, 1716, 1752 1781, 1808; the UN General Assembly Resolution of 14 May 2008 and other resolutions; the United Nations Charter; Helsinki Final Act of 1975; Russia – EU agreements; Resolutions 1633 and 1647 of the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe.
7. The Parliament of Georgia calls upon the international community to:
7.1. Give adequate legal assessment to illegal entry of the President of the Russian Federation to the occupied Georgian territory;
7.2. Demand the Russian Federation to carry out de-occupation of the occupied territories;
7.3. Demand that the Russian Federation to fully implement the European Union-brokered Cease Fire Agreement;
7.4. Demand that the Russian Federation reverse results of ethnic cleansing;
7.5. Start work towards deployment of international policing force on the Georgian territory occupied by the Russian Federation;
7.6. Demand that the Russian Federation grant access to the EU monitors on the occupied territories;
7.7. Demand that the Russian Federation withdraw recognition of the occupied Georgian territories;
7.8. Demand that the Russian Federation refrain from actions threatening sovereignty and territorial integrity of Georgia or other neighboring countries of the Russian Federation.

Tbilisi, 15 July 2009

2008: Appell des Parlaments - appeal of parliament >>

Appeal of the Parliament of Georgia to the International Community

2008-08-14 22:14
The whole world, with deep concern, is closely watching how Russia is carrying out full-scale occupation of Georgia. Encroachment of sovereignty of an independent State and its military occupation represents a direct challenge to security of Europe and whole democratic community.
Land-based operations and bombardments are being carried out on the whole territory of Georgia. Russian armed forces barbarically bombed not only military and industrial facilities, but also peaceful population in different Georgian cities and villages, including capital of Georgia Tbilisi, as well as cities Kutaisi, Gori, Kaspi, Kareli, Marneuli, Bolnisi, Zugdidi, Poti, Oni, Khelvachauri, Khashuri, Senaki, and Dedoplistskaro. In addition, they have bombed military and civil hospitals, as a result of which a number of servicemen and medical personnel have been killed.
The Russian aviation and artillery have also ruined Tskinvali and nearby villages, as a result of which many Georgian and Ossetian peaceful people have been killed.
In the course of several days the Russian artillery and aviation have been bombing the upper Abkhazia, and in the aftermath the Russian airborne forces launched a land-based attack. Russian armed forces along with illegal formations of the separatists’ forces occupied the upper Abkhazia in violation of the United Nations Security Council’s resolutions and other international agreements.
Currently, the substantial part of territory of Georgia is occupied by Russian military units. The occupants seized the central highway connecting eastern and western Georgia, disrupted economic links between different regions, blockaded the Poti port and the capital of Georgia, which may result in humanitarian catastrophe.
Open terror and marauding are being carried out in the occupied territories and peaceful Georgian population is being subjected to ethnic cleansing. The upper Abkhazia and Tskinvali region have been empted of population. Part of the population is under arrest and is subjected to cruel and inhumane treatment.
The international community must stand up to the aggression, brutality and full-scale ethnic cleansing carried out perpetrated by the Russian Federation.
This aggression against Georgia constitutes the threat not only for Georgia but also for the whole world.
Russian Federation’s aggression against neighboring State has demonstrated once again that Russia is not and can not be a mediator or peacekeeper in the conflict regions of Georgia, because the so-called peacekeeping forces of Russia have turned into occupation forces. They must be replaced immediately by international peace contingents.
The Georgian Authorities and Georgian people shall not reconcile themselves with the presence, in any possible forms, of occupation forces of Aggressor State on the territory of Georgia.
The Parliament of Georgia declares those territories occupied by Russian armed forces as occupied territories and calls upon the international community to do its utmost in order to make sure that military units of Aggressor State immediately leave the territory of Georgia, including the Tskinvali region and Abkhazia.
The Parliament of Georgia calls upon inter-parliamentary organizations and the Parliamentary Assemblies of international organizations to terminate the mandate of Parliamentary delegations of Russia, as representatives of Aggressor State.

Tbilisi, August 14, 2008
Stop Russia - August 2008>>

www.sosgeorgia.org/ - neue Webseite anstelle des Appells

www.stoprussia.org/ - ehemalige Webseite für den Appell

Appell "Stop Russia" 2008
- PDF-Datei des Appells

STOP RUSSIA

Unterschreiben Sie die Petition, um die russische Invasion in Georgien zu stoppen

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Russland beschloss, in das unabhängige demokratische Georgien einzufallen. Russland bombardiert georgische Städte, Flughäfen, Eisenbahnen, Stadien, Wohnblocks der Zivilbevölkerung, und alles, was zerstört werden kann. Während die internationale Gemeinschaft danebensteht, werden tausende Zivilisten verletzt und sterben an Schüssen aus russischen Panzern und Kampfflugzeugen. Russland hat eine Invasion eines demokratischen souveränen Landes durchgeführt!

Sofortiges Handeln ist nötig, um Russland zu stoppen. Die Vereinigten Staaten, die Europäische Union, die Vereinten Nationen und andere müssen alles tun, um diese Katastrophe so bald wie möglich zu stoppen. Es gibt keine Zeit zum Abwarten. Bitte unterzeichnen Sie die Petition und informieren jeden über die gegenwärtig stattfindenden Ereignisse!

Bitte seien Sie informiert und auf der Hut: Die von der russischen Regierung kontrollierten Medien verbreiten Fehlinformationen über die Ereignisse, die in Georgien stattfinden, wobei sie behaupten, dass Russland sich für den Frieden einsetzt und die Georgier die Schuld tragen. Lassen Sie sich durch die Tricks und die Propaganda des russischen Fernsehens nicht reinlegen!

Mehr Details über die Ereignisse:

Sie haben vielleicht unterschiedliche Gerüchte über die Ereignisse gehört; die meisten davon sind Lügen und Propaganda der russischen Medien. Was sich wirklich ereignet hat, war: Georgien hat eine Provinz 'Südossetien', die versuchte, sich von Georgien nach der Auflösung der Sowjetunion in den frühen 90ern zu trennen (die Sowjetunion hatte Georgien und seine Provinzen über 70 Jahre lang besetzt); die Abtrennung dieser Provinz wurde von der russischen Regierung in dieser Zeit geplant und unterstützt. Die Separatistenbewegung führte zu einem Konflikt zwischen Georgien und seiner Region 'Südossetien' aber in wirklichkeit war es ein Konflikt zwischen Russland und Georgien. Russland setzte seine Truppen in der Region als Friedenstruppen ein, die in Wirklichkeit der Kontrolle der Region diente, und versorgte die Separatisten mit einer unvorstellbar großen Anzahl von Waffen. Seitdem versuchte Georgien mehrere Male, den Konflikt friedlich zu lösen, indem es den Separatisten eine de facto autonome Regierung und alles bot, von dem sie je hätten träumen können. Aber der Konflikt wurde nach dem Plan Russlands nie gelöst, da die Idee war, dieses Land zu annektieren und es Georgien wegzunehmen. Das gegenwärtige Ziel Russlands ist es, Georgien zu destabilisieren, um zu vermeiden, dass es der NATO beitritt - sie haben gesagt 'Wir werden alles tun, um zu vermeiden, dass Georgien und die Ukraine der NATO beitreten'. Vor kurzem führte die südossetische Seite einen russischen Plan aus, der vorsah, Georgien zu provozieren und es in den Konflikt einzubeziehen, indem sie georgische Dörfer für 11 Tage bombardierte. Georgien antwortete nicht mit Waffengewalt, sondern bat die Separatisten, die Bombardierungen einzustellen, was diese aber nicht taten. Die georgische Regierung entschied, eine Operation durchzuführen, um die militanten Separatisten niederzuschlagen, die die Region schon eine ganze Weile terrorisiert hatten. Die georgischen Truppen vertrieben die separatistischen Einheiten aus ihren Positionen, diese flohen nach Norden zur russischen Grenze. Russland antwortete durch die Invasione eines souveränen Landes und durch die Bombardierung nicht nur der südossetischen Region, sondern ganz Georgiens.

What can be done?

  • Send International Peacekeepers to Georgia and it's regions: Abkhazia and Ossetia instead of Russian occupant forces
  • Boycott the 2014 Winter Olympics at Sochi, Russia
  • Suspend the NATO-Russia Council established in 2002
  • Bar Russian entry to the World Trade Organization
  • Kick Putin's Russia out of G-8

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Sad news: Russians are not allowing Georgians to retrieve the bodies of the dead soldiers and civlians. They have stripped the bodies and are letting the rott so that they can not be recognized by the families if if they are ever retrieved. This is how savage these beasts are.

Sad news: Even though Russia promised to stop fire, Russian troops together with Abkhaz and Osetian militants are not stopping. People who did not flee their fomes in different parts of Georgia are being tortured, raped and murdered. Noone is there to help the civilians. International peecekeeping is needed, NOW!

Wir werden unser Bestes tun, um diese Website mit aktuellen neutralen Informationen über die Ereignisse der Invasion aktuell zu halten.

http://www.stoprussia.org/