Vertreibung in Georgien - IDP >>

Internal Displacement Profile - IDMC report, 9 July 2009
Internally Displaced Persons in Georgia: Issues of Concern - Transparency International (TI), 3 April 2009
Aid to Georgia: Transparency, Accountability and the JNA - Transparency International (TI), 30 November 2008
Decree # 47 of the Government of Georgia on approving of the State Strategy for Internally Displaced Persons – Persecuted - Government of Georgia, 2 February 2007

IDMC - Internal Displacement Monitoring Center, Genf-Schweiz
Dokumente - Landkarten-Maps - Bildergalerie - Photoalbum

About 40 percent of some 200,000 people who remained displaced in Georgia live in “collective centres”...

GEORGIA IDP PROJECT - "post"-conflict IDP livelihoods and social networks, Webseite aus Georgia-USA

Georgisches Ministerium für Flüchtlinge und Vertriebene
Daten - Bildergalerie -

Emergency ingeorgia 2008 - UNHCR - Bilder
IDPs in Gori
UN refugee agency said it was concerned about humanitarian situation in and around Gori. UNHCR said some 4,200 people were registered as internally displaced people (IDP) with all of them from villages in the so-called buffer zone between Gori and the South Ossetian administrative border – the area under the Russia forces’ control.

All photos seen in slideshows taken by Beth Mitchneck, Peter Kabachnik and Michael Curry. Slideshows will open in a new tab window in your browser:

Slideshow 1: Tbilisi area, 2006-2008: City, November 2007 political demonstrations, and collective centers (38 images)
Slideshow 2: Kutaisi area, 2006 and 2008:
Town and collective center (23 images)
Slideshow 3: Zugdidi area, 2006 and 2008:
Town and collective centers (34 images)
Slideshow 4: Gori and former buffer zone, October 2008: Town and collective centers (27 images)
Slideshow 5: March 2009 photos of new settlements for
August 2008 IDPs (23 images)
These photographs of Georgia were taken by project team members between 2006 and 2009, in Tbilisi, Kutaisi, the greater Gori region, and Zugdidi.

Русская версия - ქართული ვერსია
About 240,000 people out of a population of four and a half million were displaced in Georgia by conflicts which broke out in the early 1990s. Many still live in precarious conditions, but their stories are little known. Now that the Georgian government is implementing a national strategy on IDPs, it is important that their situation, feelings and hopes are understood in order to effectively protect their rights.
Georgia is the second country selected in IDMC’s IDP Voices series. IDMC plans to publish together with Panos London more stories of displaced people from all around the world. These stories reveal issues that go beyond typical perceptions of IDPs’ assistance and protection needs and touch on values, identity, feelings and emotions. By giving them the opportunity to speak out, rather than having their needs and priorities decided by outsiders, IDMC wishes to contribute to a better understanding of forced displacement and its impact.

Read their stories and hear what they have to say.
Read and listen to the individual stories of 29 internally displaced people
Download the book of life stories: A Heavy Burden: Internally Displaced in Georgia:Stories of People from Abkhazia and South Ossetia

Inga is 38 years old. She is Abkhazian and her husband is Georgian. There are four children in the family.
Read more

Zurab lives in a village in Gali district. He is in the tenth form at school.
Read more

Eliso is an IDP from the village of Okhurei in Abkhazia. She was 13 when she became an IDP.
Read more

Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre - IDMC in Genf >>

Internal Displacement Monitoring Center, Genf-Schweiz

IDMC-site - A thematic rights-based approach to the life stories
In this section of the website, you can access testimonies through quotes organised according to 17 themes. These themes have been selected because they appear recurrently in the testimonies and reflect what internally displaced people have found essential to focus on and share. In most cases, the themes correspond to fundamental human rights and guarantees relevant to preventing displacement, in protecting and assisting IDPs during displacement, and in ensuring durable solutions to displacement. These themes have therefore been linked with relevant provisions in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and pertinent provisions of the UN Guiding Principles on Internal Displacement.

You can view the complete testimonies to learn more about the narrator’s personal experience through the link at the end of the quote.

  • Protection from displacement

    Everyone has the right to be protected from arbitrary displacement. Displacement deprives people of their right to choose their residence and interferes with their freedom of movement by forcing them to leave their homes.
    Read more
  • Displacement and family separation

    Internally displaced people have the right to respect for their family life. Their families are entitled to protection, and when family members wish to remain together they should be allowed to do so.
    Read more
  • Children and displacement

    Children usually make up a significant part of internally displaced population. They have specific needs and are entitled to adequate treatment, protection and assistance.
    Read more
  • Women and displacement

    Women often bear the brunt of conflicts and face particular protection threats; they have specific needs during displacement.
    Read more
  • Standard of living - living conditions

    Internally displaced people have the right to an adequate standard of living, which comprises access to food, water and other necessary non-food items, for instance clothing, and also to housing.
    Read more
  • Standard of living - housing and threat of evictions

    The right to housing, derived from the right to an adequate standard of living, is the right to live somewhere in security, peace and dignity.
    Read more
  • Physical and mental health

    Internally displaced people have the right to the highest attainable standard of physical and mental health, to medical care and necessary social services.
    Read more
  • Livelihoods - income generating opportunities

    The right to work underlies the realisation of other human rights. Internally displaced people have the right to seek employment and participate in economic activities.
    Read more
  • Livelihoods – assistance

    Internally displaced people have the right to social security. When they are unable to secure for themselves the standard of living adequate for their health and well-being they have the right to seek and receive assistance.
    Read more
  • Property

    Internally displaced people’s property and possessions should be protected from destruction, appropriation or illegal occupation.
    Read more
  • Return and other durable solutions

    Internally displaced people have the right to free movement and to choose their residence, and are entitled to choose between three durable solutions which should be open to them, namely return, local integration or resettlement in another part of the country.
    Read more
  • Gali returnees – security in areas of return

    It is a responsibility of competent authorities to establish conditions conducive to return and to ensure that the process of return is voluntary, which presupposes an informed decision.
    Read more
  • Gali returnees – living conditions in areas of return

    Sustainability of returns, in addition to security, depends also on returnees being able to live a decent life in areas of return without facing discrimination.
    Read more
  • Relations with host communities

    Internal displacement also often puts a heavy burden on certain groups of non-displaced people, most often family members and local or host communities.
    Read more
  • Need for peace and reconciliation

    The importance of the involvement and participation of IDPs in efforts to bring about lasting peace cannot be overestimated.
    Read more
  • Participation

    People have the right to participate in community and public affairs, including governmental affairs, either directly or through representatives.
    Read more
  • Traditions

    People have the right to observe and practice their religions and beliefs and enjoy their cultures.
    Read more

Vertreibung allgemein - IDP general >>

Universal Declaration of Human Rights
UN-Guiding Principles on Internal Displacement (PDF)
Read more about the Guiding Principles

Nachrichten zu IDP >>

Intern Vertriebene, die seit 20 Jahren im  ehemaligen Hotel 'Abkhazia' untergebracht waren, wurden zwangsgeräumt - 15.08.2011, Civil Georgia
A building in Saburtalo district of Tbilisi, formerly hotel “Abkhazia”, which for over twenty years was housing families displaced as a result of conflict in South Ossetia in early 1990s, was emptied on August 15.
Eviction started in early hours on Monday after police sealed off the area around the collective center; trucks were sent to transport belongings of IDP families. Displaced families living in “Abkhazia” have been protesting in recent days against the eviction, but no incidents and clashes were reported with the police during the eviction on Monday.
One part of more than 270 displaced families left the building over the weekend after agreeing on USD 10,000 compensation offered by the authorities. As an alternative option to financial compensation, IDP families were offered a living space in Rustavi, town close to Tbilisi; an apartment building in Rustavi is currently under construction and the authorities say they would cover rent fee for those IDP families who will agree on settlement in Rustavi before the new apartment building is built there.
Although the authorities launched transferring some of the collective centers in ownership to IDP families living there, the same rule does not apply to some other collective centers in Tbilisi, especially to those, which have high real estate value; “Abkhazia” was among them, which already has a private investor.
A total of 1,248 displaced families were evicted from various buildings in Tbilisi in two rounds of evictions, between June 2010 and February 2011. In the new round of eviction fifty displaced families were evicted from four temporary shelters in Tbilisi this July as part of, what the authorities call, resettlement process in which evicted families are offered housing options in the provinces, mainly in remote areas from the capital city. In majority of cases alternative houses in the provinces are rejected by the IDP families, because of absence of proper livelihood conditions there.

Georgien im Amnesty International Bericht 2011 erwähnt - 13.05.2011, Civil Georgia
Rechte der intern vertriebenen, Versagen bei Untersuchungen zu angrifffen auf Protestierende, die Situation in und um die Konfliktregionen waren unter den hervorgehobenen Punkten des Berichts über Georgien.
ights of internally displaced persons, failure to investigate attacks on protesters, situation in and around the conflict regions are among the issues highlighted in the part of Amnesty International’s annual report which deals with Georgia.
“None of the sides to the 2008 conflict between Russia and Georgia conducted comprehensive investigations, in spite of a report by an international fact-finding mission commissioned by the EU the following year which confirmed that violations of international human rights and humanitarian law had been committed by Georgian, Russian and South Ossetian forces,” the report reads.
The rights group’s report notes about the failure by the Georgian authorities “to effectively investigate” the fate of three Ossetian men, who disappeared in October, 2008. The report also notes about the attack on civil society activist, Timur Tskhovrebov, in Tskhinvali in July, 2010.
According to the report, despite some progress, solutions for the housing and integration of internally displaced people remained “insufficient.” It says that the Georgian authorities took steps to improve the living conditions of displaced people, however, some of the refurbished collective centers and newly built settlements did not meet international standards of adequate housing. It said that forced eviction of about 500 IDPs from their temporary shelters in Tbilisi in summer, 2010 breached international standards. The report also says that investigations into reported harassments and attacks by the police and unknown groups during the protest rallies in 2009 remains “stalled”. The report also notes about the concerns of some human rights groups regarding stop-and-frisk powers for the police introduced in September, 2010.

Amnesty International Bericht zu Georgiens Vertriebenen Personen im eigenen Land (IDP) - 06.08.2010, Civil Georgia
Much remains to be done to provide adequate housing, employment and access to health care to internally displaced persons in Georgia, which make up to 6% of the country’s population, Amnesty International said in a report released on August 5.
The 43-page report welcomes the government’s efforts to establishing a legal framework protecting the rights of IDPs and acknowledges measures taken to improve the housing of IDPs, but says that concerns remain regarding ongoing lack of adequate housing in many collective centers, as well as regarding integration of the displaced population and their access to economic, social and cultural rights.
“The Georgian government has taken important steps, but housing solutions have to go hand in hand with health care, employment and livelihoods opportunities. This is the only way to fully integrate the tens of thousands of its citizens still living in limbo,” Nicola Duckworth, Amnesty International’s Europe and Central Asia programme director, said.
“Displaced people need more than just roofs over their heads. They need the government to ensure employment, access to health care and benefits. They also need to be consulted and be able to make the choices affecting their lives,” she said.
Conflicts of last 20 years in Georgia have resulted in “an extremely complex picture of displacement” with statistics often inaccurate and disputed, according to the Amnesty International’s report - In the waiting room: Internally displaced people in Georgia.
The report identifies three groups of internally displaced persons in Georgia.
The largest group is of about 222,000 people displaced as a result of conflicts in Abkhazia and South Ossetia in early 90s known as “old IDPs”, including at least 40,000 of those who have returned to breakaway Abkhazia’s Gali district, but are still considered as displaced persons by Tbilisi as their return has been sporadic with no security guarantees.
The majority of these IDPs live either with friends or relatives or in rented or purchased private accommodation and about 42% of them lives in collective centers, which are state or privately owned buildings such as kindergartens, sanatoria, hospitals and hotels. The report says that “most of these buildings are not designed for long-term human habitation, and do not meet the minimum standards of adequate housing.”
There are cases when some of the collective centers have been or will be privatized and IDPs living there face eviction. In one of such case a group of IDPs were evicted from a publishing house in downtown Tbilisi last month and instead were provided with accommodation in Zugdidi district, western Georgia. But because of lack of employment opportunities in rural areas, IDPs are reluctant to move to the Zugdidi district.
“Currently high unemployment remains an especially pressing issue for displaced people,” according to the report. “While there are no official segregated statistics available on displaced people, most recent surveys suggest that they suffer from higher rate o[f] unemployment than the general population.”
According to the State Strategy on IDPs adopted by the government in 2007 and its action plan of 2009 for those living in state-owned collective centers their living space will be transferred in to their ownership. Living space has been transferred to about 7,000 families, or up to 65% of those living in collective centers, by the end of 2009.
The report says that the move is “a major breakthrough” in providing durable housing to displaced persons.
“However at this stage, the provision of durable housing solutions does not involve the estimated 130,000 displaced people living in private sector housing. These residents, almost exclusively displaced by the conflicts of the 90’s, are in limbo pending the finalization of the next phase of the Action Plan,” according to the report.
Another group of IDPs are those about 26,000 people, who were displaced from South Ossetia and Abkhazia’s Kodori gorge (about 2,000) as a result of the August, 2008 war and are not able to return and “will not be able to return in the foreseeable future,” according to the report.
This group of people is known as “new IDPs” with most of them living in 38 newly constructed settlements mostly in Shida Kartli and Kvemo Kartli region.
“The speed with which this [providing accommodation to new IDPs] was carried out has been recognized as a major achievement by the Georgian government, NGOs and donors,” the report said. “Yet serious problems remain. Many of the settlements are located in rural areas with limited options for income generation. Being located far from major towns also makes it difficult to access facilities such as hospitals, shops, schools and government offices.”
The third group, according to the report, consists of those people who were displaced from the Shida Kartli region during the August war, but later returned to their places of residence. Unlike the returnees to the Gali region in Abkhazia, however, this group, mainly from the areas adjacent to breakaway South Ossetia’s administrative border, does not hold IDP status.
“Many of the returnees are coping with a loss of income because of the destruction of infrastructure, the loss of livestock and the loss of the 2008 harvest. Many houses and other buildings were damaged during the armed conflict, and property was stolen during the period of sustained looting that followed,” the report says.
Most of those whose homes in the areas adjacent of breakaway region were destroyed during the August war received one-off assistance of USD 15,000 from the Georgian government to rebuild their homes.
“In spite of this, very little reconstruction has started. Those interviewed by Amnesty International in June 2009, stated that they feared the possibility of new hostilities, and were reluctant to invest money and effort in rebuilding homes given what they perceived as a fragile peace,” according to the report.

Catherine Ashton met with IDPs in Tserovani IDP camp - 16.07.10, Rustavi 2
Baroness Catherine Ashton, the High Representative for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy of the European Union, arrived in the village of Odzisi, which borders the occupied South Ossetia region, and met with the EUMM monitors.
The European monitors said it was a pity they could not monitor situation beyond the borders of the occupied territories due to the refusal of the separatist regime to let them cross this border.
Baroness said the visit to Georgia had two goals - beginning of negotiations regarding the Georgia`s associated membership to EU and the second - to arrive in the conflict regions and inspect the work of the monitors. She said the problems were very serious and expressed her hope that these problems would be solved via political means.
The monitors showed to the EU envoy how Russia was reinforcing border infrastructure along the administration line.
From Odzisi, Catherine Ashton went to the village of Tserovani and met the IDPs who live in IDP camps constructed briefly after the August war with Russia in 2008.
The guest plans to visit the European Union Mission later today.

`IDPs must return to their homes`: Kouchner
- 15.07.10, Rustavi 2
French Foreign Minister visited Thursday the compact settlement of internally displaced people, who fled from their homes inconsequence of the Russian aggression in the village of Koda. Bernard Kouchner viewed their living conditions there. 446 families internally displaced from Didi Liakhvi (Tskhinvali Region) and Kodori Gorges (Abkhazia) are living in Koda village now.
The French diplomat stayed in the village for about an hour. He also visited one family and tasted Georgian dishes there.
Later, Bernard Kouchner walked around the settlement and talked to internally displaced people there. The French diplomat promised the IDPs that they will necessarily return to their homes and he will help them in it.
`We have to help them and they want to go home, not only these people coming from 2008, but also the others. This is a difficult duty, but we must ask the international community, EU and all the international agencies and NGOs to help these people. I don`t know how much time it will take, but these people must return to their homes. They are now far from their homes. They are Georgians and they must return to Georgia to their own territories`, Bernard Kouchner said.
State Strategy for IDPs presented - 28.06.10, Rustavi 2
Courtyard Marriot has hosted an event organized by the Ministry of Refugees and IDPs, where the new directions of the state strategy for the issues of IDPs were presented. The new edition of the state action plan was confirmed by the Cabinet of Minister on May 19, 2010.
The event was held within the EU sponsored project and organized by the Ministry of Refugees and Resettlement.
The program includes meetings, conferences, public presentations, informative meetings between the IDPs and the representatives of various ministries.

IDP children tour President`s Palace - 23.06.10, Rustavi 2
IDP children from the Pankisi Valley and Tskhinvali Region were hosted at the president`s palace today. About 40 children were delivered from regions with the help of the Tbilisi office of the UN High Commissioner for Refugees. The children saw the yard of the palace, pieces of fine art and the office of teh president; finally, they viewed the Palace Glass Dome.
Later today, the IDP children will see the Peace Bridge, Old Tbilisi district and the Occupation Museum. The tours were organized by the UN within the International Days of Refugees.PACE president visited IDP settlement - 14.06.10, Rustavi 2
The president of the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe continues visit to Georgia. After officials meetings with senior authorities, parliamentary and non-parliamentary opposition parties, Mevlut Chavushoglu arrived in the compact settlement in the village Tserovani and checked up the conditions in which the IDPs live. The PACE president has also visited the Tserovani Public school.
Tserovani camp was built by the Georgian government briefly after the war with Russia in August 2008. People, who fled their houses during the August aggression, now live in small but comfortable houses in Tserovani and several other villages of the Shida Kartli Region.

Georgian President visits IDPs in Samegrelo Region - 21.02.10, Rustavi 2
Georgian President visited internally displaced people living in the so-called Tea Factory Settlement in the village of Tcheoba, Samegrelo Region on Sunday. Mikheil Saakashvili viewed the apartments, which have been refurbished there.
The president also visited one of the local families. Mikheil Saakashvili said, he will take under his personal control the process of providing the IDPs` houses with water and gas supplies. The president talked to the local population about their problems.

Präsident Mikheil Saakashvili dankt Deutschland für die große Unterstützung auf der Eröffnungszeremonie einer Siedlung für Kriegsflüchtlinge bei Gori - 23.10.09, Rustavi 2
Georgian president Mikheil Saakashvili attended the ceremony in one of the suburbs of Gori, where the German government built a settlement for IDPs from the Shida Kartli Region and handed over the houses to their owners today.
`We are grateful to German government, which has helped us in the hardest period of our country,` President said and added that the German Chancellor, Angela Merkel was one of the first European leaders, who arrived in Georgia and pledged support to its people.
`Last year we promised you that we would not forget you. This day is a very important day in the friendship and relation of Georgia and Germany. Germany has helped us construct these houses, which are of superior quality in comparison with all other constructions in the conflict region,` president said.
German ambassador to Georgia, Patricia Flor addressed the people attending the ceremony in Georgian and said that it was a very important and nice day for Georgia-Germany`s friendship.
`It was very important for us to help these people have their homes and their future now will begin from here. Nothing can ever replace homeland, but today you already have a base, from where you can begin new life. These houses have been constructed with the support of Georgian companies and we would not be able to do anything without such cooperation,` the German envoy said.

Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre in Genf >>

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